William E. “Bill” Haast was the director of the Miami Serpentarium Laboratories, a facility near Punta Gorda, Florida, which produces snake venom for medical and research use died he was 100. Haast extracted venom from venomous snakes from the time he was a boy. From 1947 until 1984, he operated the Miami Serpentarium, a tourist attraction south of Miami, Florida, where he extracted venom from snakes in front of paying customers.
Haast physically extracted venom from venomous snakes by holding them by the head and forcing them to strike a rubber membrane covering a vial. As a result of handling these snakes, Haast had been bitten 172 times as of mid 2008.
(December 30, 1910 – June 15, 2011)
Haast was born in Paterson, New Jersey in 1910. He became interested in snakes while at a Boy Scout summer camp when he was 11 years old. He was bitten for the first time at summer camp a year later, when he tried to capture a small Timber Rattlesnake. He applied the standard snake-bite treatment of the time (making crossed cuts over the fang marks) and then walked four miles to the camp’s first aid tent, by which time his arm was swollen. He was rushed to see a doctor, but quickly recovered without further treatment. His next bite, later the same year, came from a four-foot Copperhead snake. He was carrying a snake-bite kit, and had a friend inject him with antivenom; the bite put him into a hospital for a week.
Haast started collecting snakes, and after initial opposition from his mother, was allowed to keep them at home. He soon learned how to handle the snakes, and found one timber rattler so easy to handle that he posed for a photograph with the snake lying across his lap. He started extracting venom from his snakes when he was 15 years old. He dropped out of school when he was 16 years old. When he was 19 he joined a man who had a roadside snake exhibit, and went with him to Florida. While there, he ended up rooming with a moonshiner on the edge of the Everglades, and became proficient at capturing all kinds of snakes.
Haast eventually returned home, where his mother had leased a concession stand at a lakeside resort. Haast added a snake exhibit to the business. There he met and eloped with his first wife, Ann. They moved to Florida so that Haast could pursue his dream of opening a “snake farm”. After his wife became pregnant, Haast lost his job when the speakeasy he was working at was raided by revenue agents. The couple moved back to New Jersey, where Haast studied aviation mechanics, and was certified after four years.
With his certification, he moved to Miami to work for Pan American World Airways. After the United States entered World War II, Haast served as a flight engineer on Pan Am airliners flying under contract to the United States Army Air Corps. These flights took him to South America, Africa and India, where he bought snakes to bring back to America, including his first cobra.
In 1946 Haast decided he had enough money saved to start his snake farm. He bought a plot of land facing U.S. 1, south of Miami, then sold his house and started construction on the Serpentarium. His wife Ann did not approve, and they eventually divorced. Haast retained custody of their son, Bill Jr. and continued to work as a mechanic for Pan Am while he built the Serpentarium. During this time Haast met and married his second wife, Clarita Matthews. The Serpentarium opened at the end of 1947, still not completed. For the first five years Bill, Clarita, and their son were the only staff. Bill Jr. eventually left, having lost interest in snakes, but not before he had been bitten four times by venomous snakes.
By 1965 the Serpentarium housed more than 500 snakes in 400 cages and three pits in the courtyard. Haast extracted venom 70 to 100 times a day from some 60 species of venomous snakes, usually in front of an audience of paying customers. He would free the snakes on a table in front of him, then catch the snakes bare-handed, and force them to eject their venom into glass vials with a rubber membrane stretched across the top.
Soon after opening the Serpentarium Haast began experimenting with building up an acquired immunity to the venom of King, Indian and Cape cobras by injecting himself with gradually increasing quantities of venom he had extracted from his snakes, a practice called mithridatism. In 1954 Haast was bitten by a common, or blue, krait. At first he believed his immunization to cobra venom would protect him from the krait venom, and continued with his regular activities for several hours. However, the venom eventually did affect him, and he was taken to a hospital where it took him several days to recover. A krait anti-venom was shipped from India, but when it arrived after a 48-hour flight, he refused to accept it. He received his first cobra bite less than a year after he started his immunization program. During the 1950s he was bitten by cobras about twenty times. His first King cobra bite was in 1962. Haast was also been bitten by a green mamba. On several occasions Haast donated his blood to be used in treating snake-bite victims when a suitable anti-venom was not available.
In 1949, he began supplying venom to a medical researcher at the University of Miami for experiments in the treatment of polio. The experiments gave encouraging results, but were still in preliminary clinical trials when the Salk polio vaccine was released in 1955.
Haast closed the Serpentarium in 1984, and moved to Utah for a few years. In 1990 he moved to Punta Gorda, Florida with his snakes, where he established the Miami Serpentarium Laboratories. Haast’s hands suffered venom-caused tissue damage, culminating in the loss of a finger following a bite from a Malayan pit viper in 2003. As a result of the damage, Haast gave up handling venomous snakes, and no longer kept any at his facility. As of 2008 he continued to have his wife inject him with small amounts of snake venom. He turned 100 in December 2010 and died on June 15, 2011.
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a href=”http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-EAOl00moHes/Tij8hXFcC7I/AAAAAAAAzfw/fuwc8nc7Wgc/s1600/Tom+Addison%252C+American+football+player.jpg” imageanchor=”1″ style=”clear: left; float: left; margin-bottom: 1em; margin-right: 1em;”>Tom Addison was a professional American football linebacker (1960–1967) and sports labor leader, and is a member of the South Carolina Athletic Hall of Fame died he was , 75..
(April 12, 1936 – June 14, 2011)Edit HTML
Addison attended the University of South Carolina and was drafted by the NFL Baltimore Colts and the Canadian Football League Ottawa Rough Riders, but chose to sign in 1960 with the Boston Patriots of the newly-formed American Football League, playing his entire pro career with the Patriots.
Considered a leader of the newly-formed team, Addison was selected as team captain, and was named to the AFL All-Star team for five straight years (1960–1964), as well as being one of the first players ever selected to be a Patriot All-League player (in 1960). He was also a Sporting News‘ All-League player in 1963 and 1964, and an AFL Eastern Division All-Star in 1961 and 1962. With 16 career interceptions (returning one for a touchdown), he was considered by many[who?] to be the best AFL linebacker against the run in the mid 1960s.
He played in every Patriots’ game from 1961 to 1966 (84 games), and was adding to this total when he sustained what proved to be a career-ending knee injury. On June 18, 1968, he was released by the Patriots after team doctors stated that he would risk further damage by playing after having undergone two knee operations. Addison was selected by a Patriot fan vote in 1971 as a member of the Patriots’ All-1960s (AFL) Team.
On January 14, 1964, players in the American Football League formed the AFL Players Association, and Addison was elected the union’s first president.
In search of protection for the players, Addison put together a request package of benefits that included insurance and a player pension plan. As president, Addison had the intimidating task of meeting with the team owners to communicate the request. Upon entering the meeting room, Addison approached the long oval table, where the stern-faced owners were awaiting. With Southern charm, he looked up at the owners, smiled, and said “Well, I’m not trying to be the next Jimmy Hoffa!” This broke the tension, and started a period of perhaps the most positive relationship between owners and players in team sports history.
With a players association in place, players newly drafted by American Football League teams in the “war between the leagues” could be assured that they would have representation and protection in the AFL that was the equal of that in the older league. Addison’s work was an important element in the survival of the league, and helped the AFL to be able compete for top talent, and to establish itself as the future of professional football.
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(February 6, 1929 – June 14, 2011)
Sambrano Urdaneta was born at the town of Boconó, Trujillo state. Arrives to Caracas during his youth, studying at the National Pedagogical Institute and the Central University of Venezuela, graduating as Doctor of Literature.
In the 1940s, thanks to writer Pedro Grases, Urdaneta was designated as member of the group in charge of the selection of the complete works of Andrés Bello, presided by Rafael Caldera. Since that, Urdaneta was involved in the literary world, admiring and approaching the work of Andrés Bello. Between 1959 and 1978, he was professor at the National Pedagogical Institute and between 1965 until 1990 at the Central University of Venezuela. He was director of the La Casa de Bello Foundation (Andrés Bello Institute), from 1977 for more than 20 years, was chief editor of the National Magazine of Culture (1959–1963) and director of collections like Biblioteca Popular Venezolana and Tricolor, also was a member of the consultative council for Biblioteca Ayacucho and the publishing Monte Ávila Editores.
In 1978, he won the Municipal Prize of Literature for the work Poesía contemporánea de Venezuela. In 1984 he got an individual number at the Venezuelan Academy of Language, being its president until 2009. He is also an honorary member of the Caro y Cuervo Institute of Bogotá. During the second government of Rafael Caldera (1994–1999), he was president of the National Council of Culture (CONAC), and in 2003 was a member of the committee in tribute to Andrés Eloy Blanco.
From 2006 was the conductor of the cultural TV program Valores (Values), transmitted by Vale TV; the main theme of this space is the learning of Venezuelan culture in all its dimensions, ans was named in memory of Venezuelan writer Arturo Uslar Pietri and his TV program Valores Humanos (Human Values). In June, 2008, he proposed to the Venezuelan academy of language the creation of a linguistic and literary research center.
- Cecilio Acosta, vida y obra
- Apreciación literaria
- “El Llanero”, un problema de crítica literaria
- Cronología de Andrés Bello
- El epistolario de Andrés Bello
- El Andrés Bello Universal
- Verdades y mentiras sobre Andrés Bello
- Aproximaciones a Bello
- Poesía contemporánea de Venezuela
- Literatura hispanoamericana (in collaboration with Domingo Miliani)
- Del ser y del quehacer de Julio Garmendia
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(22 May 1930 – 14 June 2011)
Self was born in Calico Bottoms, Phillips County, Arkansas, one of four children, and started playing guitar as a child, often performing with his friend C.W. Gatlin. In 1955, after playing on radio station KXJK in Forrest City, Arkansas, disc jockey Hal Webber encouraged him to make a recording of his song “Easy to Love”. The demo recording then found its way to Sam Phillips of Sun Records, who invited him to audition. Self’s first recordings were not released, but Phillips encouraged him to write more songs. He returned to the recording studio in March 1957 to work with producer Jack Clement, and re-recorded “Easy to Love” along with several new songs on which he was backed by guitarist Therlow Brown and bass player Jimmy Evans. “Easy to Love” was then released in 1957 as Sun 273, but by that time its style was regarded as somewhat old-fashioned and it was not a hit. However, Self returned to the recording studio in 1959, and released a second single, “Mad At You” / “Willie Brown”. He continued to perform despite his lack of recording success, and in the early 1960s recorded several country singles for the Zone label in Memphis with producer Chips Moman. He also continued to write songs, setting up his own publishing company.
Self gave up the music business in 1963, and established a heating, air and sheet metal business in Helena, Arkansas. He returned to undertake occasional performances after 1992, with his Silver Dollar Band, and was inducted into the Rockabilly Hall of Fame in 1993.
His recordings for the Sun label were reissued on CD by Bear Family Records in the early 1990s, and – with a number of unreleased recordings – by DeeGee Records in Germany in 1997.
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Ambrose Griffiths, British Roman Catholic prelate, Bishop of Hexham and Newcastle (1992–2004) died he was , 82
(4 December 1928 – 14 June 2011)
Born Michael Griffiths in Twickenham, Middlesex, and educated at Ampleforth College, near York, and at Balliol College, Oxford, he entered the monastery at Ampleforth, taking the religious name of Ambrose, and was ordained to the priesthood on 21 July 1957. In 1976, following the appointment of Abbot Basil Hume as Archbishop of Westminster, Dom Ambrose was elected Abbot of Ampleforth, a post he held until 1984 when he became Parish Priest of Leyland, Preston, Lancashire (Archdiocese of Liverpool), when he received the title of Abbot of Westminster.
In 1991 Bishop Hugh Lindsay announced his intention to resign the See of Hexham and Newcastle on the grounds of ill health. His resignation was accepted by Pope John Paul II, who in turn appointed Abbot Ambrose Griffiths as eleventh Bishop of Hexham and Newcastle. He received episcopal ordination in St. Mary’s Cathedral, Newcastle upon Tyne, on 20 March 1992, the feast of St. Cuthbert, co-patron of the diocese. The principal consecrator was Archbishop Derek Worlock of Liverpool, who was assisted by retiring Bishop Bishop Hugh Lindsay and Bishop Owen Swindlehurst, Auxiliary Bishop of Hexham and Newcastle and titular Bishop of Cuncacestre.
Auxiliary Bishop Swindlehurst died on 28 August 1995 and was not replaced, leaving Bishop Griffiths to administer the diocese without the assistance of any auxiliary. He implemented a number of changes to the structure of the diocese in order to ease transition to a new model of administration, and these measures included appointing new Vicars General to assist the Bishop. Throughout his tenure, Bishop Griffiths worked closely with young people, establishing a Youth Mission Team in the diocese and representating young members of the faithful in the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of England and Wales.
He served as leader of the Diocese of Hexham and Newcastle for twelve years until he himself submitted his resignation to the Pope, having reached the age limit for bishops of 75 years, prescribed in the Code of Canon Law. His resignation was accepted and he retired on 25 May 2004. Among his final duties, he presided at the episcopal ordination of his successor as diocesan bishop, Kevin Dunn, on the same date, the feast of St. Bede the Venerable. Griffiths retired to St Mary’s parish in Leyland, Preston, Lancashire and continued in his work as a member of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of England and Wales.
He died in the afternoon of 14 June 2011, aged 82.