Who is Jeff Dunham? The entertainment and comedy world knows Jeff Dunham as an American ventriloquist and stand-up comedian who has also appeared on numerous television shows, including Late Show with David Letterman, Comedy Central Presents, The Tonight Show and Sonny With a Chance. He has four specials that run on Comedy Central: Jeff Dunham: Arguing with Myself, Jeff Dunham: Spark of Insanity, Jeff Dunham’s Very Special Christmas Special, and Jeff Dunham: Controlled Chaos. Dunham also starred in The Jeff Dunham Show, a series on the network in 2009. His style has been described as “a dressed-down, more digestible version of Don Rickles with multiple personality disorder“. Describing his characters, Time observes, “All of them are politically incorrect, gratuitously insulting and ill tempered.” Dunham has been credited with reviving ventriloquism, and doing more to promote the art form than anyone since Edgar Bergen.
Dunham has been called “America’s favorite comedian” by Slate.com, and according to the concert industry publication Pollstar, he is the top-grossing standup act in North America,
and is among the most successful acts in Europe as well. As of November
2009, he has sold over four million DVDs, an additional $7 million in
merchandise sales, and received more than 350 million hits on YouTube as of October 2009 (his introduction of Achmed the Dead Terrorist in Spark of Insanity was ranked as the ninth most watched YouTube video at the time). A Very Special Christmas Special
was the most-watched telecast in Comedy Central history, with its DVD
going quadruple platinum (selling over 400,000) in its first two weeks. Forbes.com ranked Dunham as the third highest-paid comedian in the United States behind Jerry Seinfeld and Chris Rock,
and reported that he was one of the highest-earning comics from June
2008 to June 2009, earning approximately $30 million during that period.
Dunham was born in Dallas, Texas on April 18, 1962.
When he was three months old he was adopted by real estate appraiser
Howard Dunham, and his homemaker wife Joyce, who raised him in a
devoutly Presbyterian household in an affluent Dallas neighborhood as an only child. He began ventriloquism in 1970 at age eight, when his parents gave him a Mortimer Snerd dummy for Christmas, and an accompanying how-to album. The next day he checked out a how-to book on ventriloquism from the library,
and explained in 2011 that he still had it, remarking that he was “a
thief in the third grade”. By the fourth grade, Dunham decided he not
only wanted to be a professional ventriloquist, but the best one ever. Dunham began practicing for hours in front of a mirror, studying the routines of Edgar Bergen, and the how-to record Jimmy Nelson’s Instant Ventriloquism, finding ventriloquism to be a learned skill, similar to juggling, that anyone with a normal speaking voice can acquire.
Dunham explains that as an only child, he enjoyed being alone, likening
his solitude to a “warm blanket” with which he could explore his own
thoughts and ideas, which prepared him for the solitude of living alone
when he later moved to Los Angeles as a struggling comedian.
When Dunham was in the sixth grade, he began attending the Vent Haven ConVENTion in Fort Mitchell, Kentucky, an annual international meeting of ventriloquists that includes competitions, where he met Jimmy Nelson
in person. Dunham has missed only one ConVENTion since then, in 1977.
The organizers of the ConVENTion eventually declared Dunham a “retired
champion”, ineligible from entering any more competitions, as other
attendees were too intimidated to compete against him. The Vent Haven
Museum devotes a section to Dunham, alongside Señor Wences and his idol, Edgar Bergen.
Career beginnings and move to Los Angeles
Dunham began performing for audiences as a teenager, in various venues such as school, church, and during his job at Six Flags. By his middle school years, he began to perform for banquets attended by local celebrities such as Dallas Cowboys quarterback Roger Staubach,
having developed his style of lampooning those he performed for, using
the puppets to say things too risque for him to say without them. Dunham’s television debut came in 1976 when the still prepubescent performer caught the attention of Dallas reporters like Bill O’Reilly, who interviewed Dunham for a local news story. Dunham later did commercials for Datsun dealerships in Dallas and Tyler while in high school. While emceeing a high school talent show, he dealt with a heckler, and won over the rest of the audience.
During this period he became so associated with his craft that he and
one of his dummies “cowrote” a column in the school paper, and he would
pose with his dummies for yearbooks as an inexpensive way to acquire professional photos of his act for promotional purposes.
He was voted Most Likely to Succeed, and in 1980, after he graduated
from high school, Dunham gave himself a career goal of obtaining, within
ten years, an appearance on The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson, which was seen as the “holy grail” for comedians.
That year Dunham began attending Baylor University, hoping to graduate with a degree in communications, while performing around campus. He would also fly around the country on weekends, doing up to 100 private shows a year, entertaining corporate customers such as General Electric, whose CEO, Jack Welch, he mocked during his routine.
By his junior year in college (1983–1984), Dunham was making $70,000 a
year, and as word spread of his act, he landed featured spots opening
for Bob Hope and George Burns, though he still perceived his act as raw, as he did not have any knowledge of standup comedy beyond his Bill Cosby albums. He caught a break in 1985 when he was asked to join the Broadway show Sugar Babies with Mickey Rooney and Ann Miller,
replacing the outgoing variety act. For the naive and devoutly-raised
Dunham, Broadway was a new world filled with beautiful showgirls and
crusty stagehands, and his first taste of entertainment industry egos
came when Rooney called Dunham into his dressing room, and told him he
was there for one reason alone: so that Rooney could change his
costumes. Dunham also performed at the Westbury Music Fair on Long Island.
These early experiences, in which he used characters like José Jalapeño
on a Stick, taught him the value of modifying his act regionally, as
the jalapeño jokes that worked well in Texas were not as well received
by audiences in Long Island.
After graduating from Baylor University in 1986,
he continued honing his act in comedy clubs in the Southwest with new
characters such as Peanut and Jose Jalapeño, but struggled against the
perception he relates from fellow comedians that he was not a true a
comedian because he relied on props. His experience at Catch a Rising Star
in New York City served as a bitter confirmation of where
ventriloquists stood in the comedic food chain, as the emcee at that
club gave Dunham little respect. According to Dunham, after he arrived
at the club in the evening and informed the emcee that he was a
ventriloquist, the emcee reacted with derision, telling Dunham that he
would be given a late time slot, and after that time slot came and
passed, kept postponing Dunham’s stage time until Dunham left the club. By the end of 1988, Dunham felt his career went as far as it could go in Texas, and he moved to Los Angeles, California, never having, as he has commented, “a real job”,
much to the concern of his parents, who assumed he would relegate his
act to local venues such as church groups. When he first arrived in Los
Angeles, the comedy in his act bombed. Dunham attributes to his
underdeveloped comedy, explaining that while the characters’
personalities were developed at that point, his jokes were not. In
addition to this, the comedy world was not welcoming to ventriloquists,
and his manager, Judi Brown-Marmel, did not use the word “ventriloquist”
when finding bookings for him, choosing to present him as a comedy duo.
After Dunham became friends with Mike Lacey, the owner of The Comedy & Magic Club in Hermosa Beach, Lacey gave Dunham a steady slot at the club, where Dunham sharpened his act by observing the techniques of comedians like Jerry Seinfeld, and taking the advice of colleague Bill Engvall, moving away from his G-Rated material toward edgier, more adult themes.
The Tonight Show and beyond
At the end of 1988, Dunham was told by James McCawley, a talent booker for The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson,
that Dunham would be given a spot on the coveted program. Though the
26-year-old Dunham was elated that his 10-year goal was arriving two
years early, McCawley later cancelled Dunham’s appearance after
attending, with Roseanne Barr, a public performance of Dunham’s the day before Dunham’s scheduled Tonight Show
taping. McCawley informed Dunham on the day of the scheduled taping
that he had been wrong in his initial assessment of Dunham, whom he now
said was not ready for The Tonight Show. His dreams dashed, the
humiliated Dunham continued to tighten his act in Los Angeles clubs,
performing same six minute segment with Peanut a total of nine times for
McCawley over the next few months. Finally at the Ice-House in Pasadena in April 1990, after Dunham did the same segment, McCawley informed Dunham that he would finally get his Tonight Show appearance. Dunham and Peanut appeared on The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson on April 6, 1990, alongside guests Bob Hope and B.B. King. Following his bit, he was invited to sit on Johnny Carson’s couch, a mark of approval that only three comedians had ever garnered during their first Carson appearance. Upon sitting down next to Carson’s desk, Dunham pulled out Walter, who told Carson sidekick Ed McMahon, “Stop sending me all your damn mail.” At the time, Dunham saw his Tonight Show
appearance as his big break, but was frustrated at his parents’ initial
disapproval over Walter’s use of the words “hell” and “damn”, and he would toil in obscurity for another twelve years, continuing his stand up at venues such as The Improv chain, and appearing in small roles on TV. One of these was such as a 1996 episode of Ellen, in which he appeared with Walter. Dunham also appeared with Walter in a TV commercial for Hertz. Dunham would appear on The Tonight Show a total of four times, as well as similar TV venues such as Hot Country Nights, appearing in one segment on that show with singer Reba McEntire.
This exposure helped make Dunham a large theater headliner, a rare
accomplishment for a ventriloquist, but by the mid 1990s, his television
appearances had dwindled, and with them, so did his stage audiences.
Dunham moved back to clubs, more than 200 appearances a year. To
maintain a connection with his fan base, he would use question cards
that he had audiences fill out for his performances to build a database,
which was tailor-made for the burgeoning World Wide Web. Though he was voted Funniest Male Standup at the American Comedy Awards
in 1998, his club work kept him away from his wife and daughters
between two and three weeks each month, which put a strain on his
marriage, and made paying bills for his expanded family difficult. By
2002, Dunham was hoping to obtain more TV work to raise his profile and
ease his standup schedule. Such exposure was elusive until a successful
appearance on The Best Damn Sports Show Period, where Dunham and Walter made jokes at the expense of co-hosts Tom Arnold, Michael Irvin, John Salley and John Kruk, generating laughter from them, and giving Dunham much-needed exposure. In 2003, Dunham was the frontrunner to replace Jimmy Kimmel on Fox NFL Sunday, but hosts Howie Long and Terry Bradshaw
were not amenable to the idea of being upstaged by a puppet, and, as
Dunham tells it, did not provide a welcoming atmosphere to Dunham, nor
allow him to get a word in edgewise during his appearance.
Finding stardom: Dunham’s first Comedy Central specials
On July 18, 2003, Dunham appeared on Comedy Central Presents, his first solo appearance on Comedy Central.
During his half hour piece, he showcased José Jalapeño on a Stick,
Walter, an early version of Melvin the Superhero Guy and Peanut, whom
Dunham had begun to merchandise into a line of dolls. The appearance was
successful, but Comedy Central resisted giving Dunham more airtime,
feeling that he was not a good fit for them. By 2005 Dunham decided to gamble on financing his own comedy DVD, Jeff Dunham: Arguing with Myself, which was taped in Santa Ana, California.
Dunham’s manager, Judi Brown-Marmel, lobbied the network to air it,
pointing to Dunham’s drawing power and merchandising profits, and
arguing that the network needed more diverse content. Surprised by the
high ratings of the first Blue Collar Comics concert movie that same year, the network began to reconsider its brand. In late 2006, Comedy Central aired Arguing with Myself, drawing two million viewers when it aired, and selling two million DVDs.
In 2007, Dunham appeared as The Amazing Ken with José Jalapeño on a Stick in the Larry the Cable Guy feature film Delta Farce.
His second special, Jeff Dunham: Spark of Insanity, was taped at the Warner Theater in Washington, D.C.
that same year. It served not only to cement Dunham’s stardom, but to
introduce his most controversial character, Achmed the Dead Terrorist,
which became a viral Internet sensation. A clip of Achmed from Insanity attracted over 140 million hits on YouTube, making it the ninth most watched clip on that website as of October 2009.
By 2008, Dunham’s characters had crossed language barriers, with his
specials dubbed for audiences in various countries such as France, and
Dunham attracting requests for performances in South Africa, Australia,
Norway, Denmark, China and the Middle East. Jeff Dunham’s Very Special Christmas Special was taped at the Pabst Theater in Milwaukee, Wisconsin that same year, and premiered on Comedy Central on November 16, 2008, watched by 6.6 million people. It became available on DVD and Blu-ray on November 18, 2008. The special’s premiere was the highest rated telecast in Comedy Central’s history.
In September 2008, Dunham’s career reached new heights as he began
performing in arenas filled with tens of thousands of people. Dunham was
somewhat wary of such large venues, but adapted by adjusting the timing
of his often rapid exchanges with the puppets so that audience members
farthest from the stage could have time to react.
In addition to his comedy specials, Dunham also released his first music album, Don’t Come Home for Christmas, on November 4, 2008. It contains original Christmas songs as well as a parody of “Jingle Bells” by Achmed entitled “Jingle Bombs”. All the songs, with the exception of “Jingle Bombs”, were written and accompanied by Brian Haner, who joined Dunham’s act as “Guitar Guy”. His first onscreen appearance was in Jeff Dunham’s Very Special Christmas Special.
2009 – present
In March 2009, Dunham signed a multi-platform deal with Comedy
Central. It included a fourth stand-up special to air in 2010, DVDs, a
consumer products partnership, a 60-city tour beginning in September
2010, and an order for a television series called The Jeff Dunham Show that premiered on October 22, 2009.
Despite having the most-watched premiere in Comedy Central history, and
higher average ratings than other shows on that network initially, the
show was canceled after only one season, amid poor reviews, dwindling
ratings and higher production costs than other Comedy Central shows. 
Dunham appeared in a guest role with Bubba J on NBC’s sictom 30 Rock, playing a ventriloquist named Rick Wayne and his dummy Pumpkin from Stone Mountain, Georgia. In November 2009 Dunham also appeared with Walter in “Hart to Hart”, an episode of the Disney Channel series Sonny With a Chance, as two security guards.
Dunham appeared in the 2010 Steve Carell/Paul Rudd comedy, Dinner for Schmucks, as Lewis, with a new puppet named Diane.
His fourth special, Jeff Dunham: Controlled Chaos, premiered on September 25, 2011 on Comedy Central.
Critical praise and controversy
In January 2008, Dunham was voted by fans the Top Comic in Comedy Central‘s
“Stand-Up Showdown.” He is the only person ever to win the
“Ventriloquist of the Year” Award twice, was nominated “Comedian of the
Year” by the TNN Music City News Country Awards, and has drawn praise from the Dallas Morning News for his technique and timing.
|Dunham and Achmed|
Some have accused Dunham’s characters of being racist caricatures, sexist, and homophobic. In 2008, a TV commercial for a ringtone featuring Dunham’s character Achmed the Dead Terrorist (see Characters below) was banned by the South African Advertising Standards Authority after a complaint was filed by a citizen stating that the ad was offensive to Muslims,
and portrayed all Muslims as terrorists. Dunham responded that “Achmed
makes it clear in my act that he is not Muslim.” However, the
Advertising Standards Authority noted that the name Achmed was of Arab
origin and was one of the names of Muhammad.
Dunham responded, “I’ve skewered whites, blacks, Hispanics, Christians,
Jews, Muslims, gays, straights, rednecks, addicts, the elderly, and my
wife. As a standup comic, it is my job to make the majority of people
laugh, and I believe that comedy is the last true form of free speech.”
He further commented, “I’m considering renaming Achmed, ‘Bill.’”
Dunham has conceded that he does exhibit particular sensitivity to the
“conservative country crowd,” or those characterized by “basic Christian
values,” as they are one of his largest constituencies, and part of his
Dunham was heckled and criticized for mocking TV critics during a
July 2009 press tour to promote his then-upcoming Comedy Central TV
series, The Jeff Dunham Show, as well as Comedy Central programming chief Lauren Correo. In October 2009 The Jeff Dunham Show enjoyed good initial ratings, but was not well liked by critics,
who did not find it funny, and either questioned the wisdom of
translating his act into a series, or conceded a prejudice against
Dunham, his previous specials, or ventriloquism itself.
J.P. Williams, the producer of the Blue Collar Comedy Tour,
has opined that Dunham’s act is not funny on its own merits, and that
his material gets a greater reaction because of the puppet characters
that it would otherwise not garner by itself.
Blue Collar veteran Bill Engvall, a friend of Dunham’s insists
otherwise, saying that Dunham is inherently funny with or without the
In 2003, BRASMA Publications released Dear Walter, a
collection of questions asked of Dunham’s fictional curmudgeon at live
performances, authored by Dunham, and Walter Cummings.
Dunham’s autobiography, All By My Selves: Walter, Peanut, Achmed and Me, was published by Dutton in November 2010.
Walter is a retired, grumpy old man with arms always crossed in
discontent. Dunham was inspired to create Walter when he watched Bette Davis‘ final appearance on The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson, giving her honest, unfiltered candor to Walter, and patterning Walter’s frown on Dunham’s own. He has a brash, negative and often sarcastic view on today’s world. He is a Vietnam War
veteran and a former welder, and “doesn’t give a damn” about anyone,
especially his own wife and certain audience members. Walter has
appeared in all four Comedy Central
specials. He’s been married for several decades, and when Dunham asks
him if he remembers the happiest moment of his life after Walter tells
him he has been married for forty-six years, Walter responds, “Forty-seven
years ago!” Dunham created the Walter puppet himself, including both
the initial sculpture and the silicon mold, though he eventually began
using professional effects companies for the latter stages with his
Peanut is a hyperactive, purple-skinned “woozle”
with white fur covering most of his body, a tuft of green hair on the
top of his head, and one sneaker on his left foot. Dunham explains in Arguing with Myself that Peanut is from a small Micronesian
island, and that they met in Florida. Peanut’s humor is not based on a
particular motif or stereotype, as those of the other characters, and
has been described as “the bad kid”.
He often makes fun of Dunham, and torments and mocks José Jalapeño on a
Stick. Touching upon his unusual appearance and personality, he asks
Dunham in Arguing with Myself, after Dunham denies ever having done drugs, “Then how the hell did you come up with me?”
José Jalapeño on a Stick
José is a talking jalapeño pepper on a stick who wears a small sombrero. José, who speaks with a thick Spanish accent, is typically paired with Peanut, who often makes fun of José, uses appeals to Latino stereotypes when doing so, and makes fun of his being on a stick. Although José was not Dunham’s first puppet, it was the first that Dunham made himself.
Bubba J is a beer-drinking redneck that Dunham describes in Arguing with Myself and A Very Special Christmas Special as “white trash trailer park“,
and whom Dunham uses for humor centered on such stereotypes. To this
end, he frequently does jokes involving Bubba J’s love of drinking beer
and NASCAR, and his low intelligence. Touching upon such stereotypes, Bubba mentions in Arguing with Myself that he met his wife at a family reunion, and remembers seeing her with a corn dog in one hand, a beer in another, and leaning against a ferris wheel, “making it tilt”. Although he does not appear onstage, Bubba has a prominent role as the backstage security guard in Controlled Chaos.
Sweet Daddy Dee
Dunham introduces Sweet Daddy Dee in Arguing with Myself as his “new manager”. He calls himself a “pimp”, which he says stands for “Player In the Management Profession.” According to Sweet Daddy, because he is a pimp, that makes Jeff the “ho“.
When Dunham objects, Daddy Dee points out that Dunham makes people
laugh and feel good for a living. When Dunham agrees that this is the
case, Daddy Dee says, “You a ho.” When Dunham asks what he would say if
he told him that he was a comedian only because he enjoyed it, Daddy Dee
responds, “You a dumb ho.”
Melvin the Superhero Guy
Melvin wears a blue superhero costume, and is used to poke fun at superheroes. When asked about his superhuman powers, he indicates that he has X-ray vision,
adding, “I love looking at boobies!” He appears to have no other
powers, however: When Dunham asks how far he can fly, he responds, “How
far can you throw me?”, and when asked if he can stop a bullet like Superman,
he responds, “Yeah. Once.” Dunham portrays Melvin as unimpressed with
other superheroes: When told Superman can leap tall buildings in a
single bound, Melvin dismisses him as a “showoff,” arguing that he can
simply walk around them, observes that Aquaman has the same powers as SpongeBob SquarePants, asserts that the Flash‘s super speed is derived from methamphetamine, that the Hulk‘s vaunted ability to get stronger as he gets angrier merely mirrors “every white trash guy on COPS,” and makes innuendo about the questionable relationship between Batman and the underage Robin. Melvin’s first onscreen appearance was in the July 2003 Comedy Central Presents episode, in which he had small, black, beady eyes. By his next appearance, in Spark of Insanity, he had been modified to have large, blue, crossed eyes.
He also has an enormous nose, which he claims is his symbol, and whose
similarity in shape to that of a penis is alluded to in the act. Dunham
sculpted the current version of Melvin’s head himself, and hired an
effects company called Renegade Effects Groups to create the rubber mold
and complete the puppet, before then installing the mechanics himself.
Achmed the Dead Terrorist
Achmed is the skeletal corpse of an incompetent suicide bomber, whom Dunham uses to satirize the contemporary issue of terrorism. He is known for yelling, “Silence! I kill you!” to Dunham and people laughing in the audience. Achmed first appeared in Spark of Insanity, and later made an appearance in the Very Special Christmas Special,
singing a song called “Jingle Bombs”. He also dubs the so-called Guitar
Guy “You racist bastard”! for warming up with typical Arab chords. Most
of the humor Dunham expresses with Achmed centers on this motif. When
mentioning that Achmed appears to be dead because he’s a skeleton,
Achmed responds, “It’s a flesh wound.”
When Dunham inquires as to how he died, Achmed explains his
incompetence with explosives, while also casting aspersions on Dunham’s
sexual prowess, by saying that they both suffer from “premature
detonation.” Although he frequently mentions working for Osama Bin Laden,
Achmed claims he does not think he’s a Muslim (“look at my ass! It says
‘Made in China’”). As of June 2009, the sketch in which Dunham
introduced Achmed is the fourth most watched online video ever, having
amassed nearly 200 million views.
The large, round, articulated eyes of puppets such as Achmed and Achmed
Junior are constructed by the same effects artist who created the
dinosaur eyes for the Jurassic Park films.
Achmed Junior is the estranged son of Achmed. He first appeared
during the Identity Crisis Tour 2010, and makes his first onscreen
appearance in Dunham’s fourth special, Jeff Dunham: Controlled Chaos.
Like his father, Achmed Junior is the victim of a bomb, which resulted
in the destruction of the half of his face and body. He speaks with a
British accent, and does not wish to be a suicide bomber.
Other characters that Dunham has voiced include a miniature puppet of
Peanut’s, which turns out to be a small version of Dunham himself, and
an unseen worm inside a bottle of tequila, both of which he has used, for example, in his appearance on A&E‘s An Evening at The Improv. The miniature Dunham puppet was also used in Dunham’s 2011 Comedy Central special, Controlled Chaos.
|Dunham and Audrey Murdick|
Dunham met his first wife, Paige Brown, at the Comedy Corner in West Palm Beach, Florida.
They began dating in December 1992. In May 1994, Dunham married Brown
and adopted her one and a half year-old daughter, Bree. Their daughters
Ashlyn and Kenna were born in 1995 and 1997, respectively. Dunham’s time
away while performing proved a strain on the marriage, and in November 2008 he filed for divorce.
By mid-2009, Dunham was in a relationship with fellow Texan Audrey
Murdick, a certified nutritionist, personal trainer and competition
bodybuilder, and on December 25, 2011 they became engaged.
In addition to building the dummies he uses in his act, Dunham also
restores antique ones as a hobby, such as The Umpire, a 6-foot-tall
(1.8 m) mechanized dummy built in 1941 to work the plate at a girl’s softball game, but which went unused and packed away for 50 years, before Dunham acquired it in early 2008.
Dunham has harbored a love of helicopters since childhood and is fond of building and flying his own kit helicopters from Rotorway helicopter kits. At the time he finished writing his autobiography in June 2010, he was beginning to build his fourth kit. He is also an aficionado of muscle cars and Apple, Inc. products.
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Did you know that Le Gros was born August 31, 1931 and his family turned down an offer of a minor-league pro contract for Jean at age fifteen?
Did you know that during his 18 full seasons in Montreal, he played on 10 Stanley Cup winning teams 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1969,
Did you know that Béliveau retired at the end of the 1970–71 NHL season
as his team’s all-time leader in points, second all-time in goals and
the NHL’s all-time leading playoff scorer?
Did you know that Le Gros Bill scored 507 goals and had
712 assists for 1,219 points in 1,125 NHL regular-season games plus 79
goals and 97 assists for 176 points in 162 playoff games?
Did you know that his jersey
number (#4) was retired on October 9, 1971?
Did you know that in 1972, he was inducted
into the Hockey Hall of Fame?
Did you know that he is now the second all-time leading scorer in Canadiens history, behind Guy Lafleur. Only Henri Richard (1256 games) and Larry Robinson (1202 games) played more games for the Habs?
Now if you didn’t know, now you know…
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Who is Brad Douglas Paisley? The entertainment and Country Music World knows him as Brad Paisley as an American singer-songwriter and musician. His style crosses between traditional country music and Southern rock, and his songs are frequently laced with humor and pop culture references.
Paisley was the 2008 CMA and ACM Male Vocalist of the Year winner. Starting with the release of his 1999 album Who Needs Pictures, Paisley has recorded seven studio albums and a Christmas compilation on the Arista Nashville label, with all of his albums certified gold or higher by the RIAA. In addition, he has charted 25 singles on the U.S. Billboard Hot Country Songs chart, 16 of which have reached #1 with a record 10 consecutive singles reaching the top spot on the chart. On November 10, 2010, Paisley won the Entertainer of the Year award at the 44th annual CMA Awards.
Paisley was born on October 28, 1972 in Glen Dale, West Virginia to Douglas Edward “Doug” Paisley, who worked for the West Virginia Department of Transportation, and Sandra Jean “Sandy” (née Jarvis) Paisley, a teacher. He was raised in Glen Dale, West Virginia.
He has stated that his love of country music stems from his maternal
grandfather, Warren Jarvis, who gave Paisley his first guitar, a Sears Danelectro Silvertone
at 8-years-old and taught him how to play. At age 10, he performed for
the first time in public by singing in his church. He later recalled
that, “Pretty soon, I was performing at every Christmas party and
Mother’s Day event. The neat thing about a small town is that when you
want to be an artist, by golly, they’ll make you one”. At age 12, Paisley wrote his first song, entitled, “Born on Christmas Day”. He had been taking lessons with local guitarist Clarence “Hank” Goddard.
By age 13, Goddard and Paisley formed a band called “Brad Paisley and
the C-Notes”, with the addition of two of Paisley’s adult friends.
While in junior high, his principal heard him perform “Born On Christmas Day” and invited him to play at the local Rotary Club meeting. In attendance was Tom Miller, the program director of a radio station in Wheeling, West Virginia. Miller asked him if he would like to be a guest on Jamboree USA.
After his first performance, he was asked to become a member of the
show’s weekly lineup. For the next eight years, he opened for country
singers such as The Judds, Ricky Skaggs and George Jones. He would become the youngest person inducted into the Jamboree USA Hall of Fame. He also performed at the Jamboree in the Hills.
Paisley graduated from John Marshall High School in Glen Dale, West Virginia in 1991, studied for 2 years at West Liberty College (WV) and later was awarded a full-paid ASCAP scholarship to Belmont University, in Nashville, Tennessee (from 1993 to 1995). He interned at ASCAP, Atlantic Records, and the Fitzgerald-Hartley management firm. While in college, he met Frank Rogers,
a fellow student who went on to serve as his producer. Paisley also met
Kelley Lovelace, who became his songwriting partner. He also met Chris
DuBois in college, and he too would write songs for him.
After graduating from Belmont with a Bachelor’s degree in music business, within a week Paisley signed a songwriting contract with EMI Music Publishing; and, he wrote David Kersh‘s “Top 5″ hit, “Another You“, as well as David Ball‘s 1999 single, “Watching My Baby Not Come Back.” The latter song was also co-written by Ball.
1999–2001: Who Needs Pictures
His debut as a singer was with the label Arista Nashville, with the song “Who Needs Pictures” (released February 22, 1999). In May of that same year, he made his first appearance on the Grand Ole Opry. Seven months later he had his first #1 hit with “He Didn’t Have to Be,” which detailed the story of Paisley’s frequent co-writer Kelley Lovelace and Lovelace’s stepson, McCain Merren.
also was a hit for Paisley off the debut album, reaching #1 on the U.S.
Billboard Hot Country Singles & Tracks chart. By February 2001, the
album was certified platinum.
In 2000, Paisley’s mainstream notoriety received a huge boost when he
was exposed to his first national non-country music oriented audience
on the TLC special, “Route 66: Main Street America.” Producer, Todd Baker,
tapped the young musician to appear on this show when he was a relative
unknown outside the world of country music. It featured Paisley and
band doing rare live and acoustic versions of Route 66.
The international and home video versions of this program end with a
full, un-cut acoustic rendition of the piece, which was performed live
on Rainbow Bridge in Riverton, Kansas. The show accurately predicted that Paisley would become a legendary musician, and also featured blues artist, Buddy Guy.
Later in 2000, Paisley won the Country Music Association‘s (CMA) Horizon Award and the Academy of Country Music’s best new male vocalist trophy. He received his first Grammy Award nomination a year later for Best New Artist. On February 17, 2001, Paisley was inducted into the Grand Ole Opry He was 28 when he accepted the invitation, and was the youngest member ever to join. PBS did a 75th anniversary concert special, which saw Paisley pair up with Chely Wright and sing a song called Hard to Be a Husband, Hard to Be a Wife, and would be included on the album Backstage at the Opry, It would get a CMA nomination for Vocal Event of the Year.
2001–2003: Part II
In 2002, he won the CMA Music Video of the Year for “I’m Gonna Miss Her (The Fishin’ Song).”
Several celebrities made notable guest appearances in the video, including Little Jimmy Dickens, Kimberly Williams, Dan Patrick, and Jerry Springer. His three other singles off the Part II album, “I Wish You’d Stay“, “Wrapped Around“, and “Two People Fell in Love“,
all charted in the top 10. The album stayed in the charts for more than
70 weeks and was certified platinum in August 2002. To support his
album, he toured the country as the opening act for Lonestar.
2003–2005: Mud on the Tires
Paisley released his third album, Mud on the Tires (2003), following Who Needs Pictures and Part II. The album features the hit song “Celebrity“, the video of which parodies reality shows such as Fear Factor, American Idol, The Bachelorette and According to Jim, and included such celebrities as Jason Alexander, James Belushi, Little Jimmy Dickens, Trista Rehn and William Shatner. (Paisley later contributed to Shatner’s album Has Been.) The album’s title track, “Mud on the Tires“, reached Billboard #1 in 2004.
In addition, the ninth track from Mud on the Tires, “Whiskey Lullaby“, a duet with Alison Krauss
reached #3 on the Billboard Hot Country Singles & Tracks (now Hot
Country Songs) charts, and #41 on the Billboard Hot 100. The music video
for Whiskey Lullaby also won several awards and was rated #2 on the 100 Greatest Music Videos by CMT in 2008. The album would be certified double platinum.
2005–2007: Time Well Wasted
In 2005, after touring with Reba McEntire and Terri Clark on the “Two Hats and a Redhead Tour,” he released Time Well Wasted, containing 15 tracks. This album includes “Alcohol,” two duets — “When I Get Where I’m Going” with Dolly Parton and “Out in the Parking Lot” with Alan Jackson — and a bonus track, “Cornography.” On November 6, 2006, the album “Time Well Wasted” won the Country Music Association CMA Award for Best Album. “Time Well Wasted” also won album of the year at the 2006 ACM Awards.
Paisley also contributed two original songs to the Disney film Cars. These can be found on the film’s soundtrack. This was in recognition of his contribution to the “Route 66: Main Street America” television special.
At the 2006 Grammy Awards, Paisley received four nominations: Best Country Album (for Time Well Wasted), Best Country Song (for “Alcohol”), Best Country Instrumental (for “Time Warp”) and Best Country Vocal, Male (for “Alcohol”).
2007–2008: 5th Gear
Paisley’s fifth studio album, 5th Gear, was released in the United States on June 19, 2007. The first four singles from the album, “Ticks“, “Online“, “Letter to Me“, and “I’m Still a Guy“, all reached number one on the country music single charts, making seven straight number one hits for Paisley.” “Online“
featured the Brentwood High School marching band playing toward the end
of the song, a cameo by Jason Alexander, and again featured a cameo by
William Shatner. Throttleneck would also reach number one, which would get Paisley his first Grammy.
The fifth single from 5th Gear actually came from a reissued version of the album – a new recording of “Waitin’ on a Woman“, a track cut from Time Well Wasted.
The reissued version received unsolicited airplay in late 2006, and
features less prominent string guitar and violin parts and a more
“muted” musical tone. For the chart week of September 20, 2008, the song
became Paisley’s twelfth number-one single and his eighth straight
number-one hit, making him the artist with the most consecutive Number
One country hits since the inception of Nielsen SoundScan in 1990.
In July 2006, producer Todd Baker tapped Brad for a television appearance as an animated character in The Wonder Pets, Daddy Armadillo. The yet-to-be-broadcast episode features Brad’s wife, Kimberly Williams, as Mama Armadillo.
Paisley toured April 26, 2007 through February 24, 2008 in support of 5th Gear
on the Bonfires & Amplifiers Tour. The tour visited 94 cities over a
10 month period and played for over 1,000,000 fans. The tour was so
successful that it was extended past its original end date to February
2008. Some of the opening acts who appeared during the tour were Taylor Swift, Kellie Pickler, Jack Ingram, Rodney Atkins and Chuck Wicks.
Paisley was nominated for three 2008 Grammy Awards related to 5th Gear: Best Country Album (for 5th Gear), Best Country Collaboration (for “Oh Love” with Carrie Underwood), and Best Country Instrumental (for “Throttleneck”). On February 10, 2008, he won his first Grammy award for Best Country Instrumental for “Throttleneck”.
In March 2008, Brad Paisley announced his next tour, “The Paisley
Party,” a 42-date tour sponsored by Hershey’s. The tour kicked off on
June 11, 2008, in Albuquerque, New Mexico with Chuck Wicks, Julianne Hough and Jewel as the opening acts.
A sixth, largely instrumental album, titled Play, was released on November 4, 2008. Brad Paisley and Keith Urban released to country radio their first duet together on September 8, 2008, “Start a Band.” It was the first and only single from Play,
and it went on to become Paisley’s thirteenth number one hit and his
ninth in a row.
The album also features collaborations with James Burton, Little Jimmy Dickens, Vince Gill, John Jorgenson, B.B. King, Albert Lee, Brent Mason, Buck Owens, Redd Volkaert and Steve Wariner.
Paisley and Urban both received Entertainer of the Year nominations
from the CMA on September 10, 2008. On November 12, 2008 Brad Paisley
won Male Vocalist of the Year and Music Video of the Year for “Waitin’
on a Woman” during the CMA’s.
2009–2010: American Saturday Night
Brad Paisley announced on January 26, 2009 his new tour named “American Saturday Night.” Dierks Bentley and Jimmy Wayne will be opening in the majority of the shows. Brad Paisley’s newest album, American Saturday Night was released on June 30, 2009. The album’s lead off single, “Then” was released in March 2009 and performed for the first time on American Idol on March 18. It went on to become Paisley’s 14th number one single and his tenth in a row.
On May 6, 2009, Paisley gave an exclusive performance to a small group of members from his fan club in Studio A of the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville, TN as he and his band taped an episode of CMT Invitation Only.
The show gives fans a chance to see their favorite artists in a more
intimate setting up close and personal. There was a Q & A session
and interaction between Paisley and his fans. The show aired on Monday,
August 3 at 9:00 p.m. on CMT.
On July 21, 2009, Paisley performed at the White House
in celebration of country music. “Country Music at the White House “
was streamed live on the White House web-site as well as a special on
Great American Country.
On November 11, 2009, Paisley co-hosted the CMA Awards for the second straight year. He also performed “Welcome to the Future“, and won both Male Vocalist of the Year and Musical Event of the Year for Start a Band with Keith Urban.
On March 1, 2010, Paisley was the first musical performance with
“American Saturday Night” for the second tenure of the Tonight Show with
On Friday March 5, 2010, Paisley slipped and fell performing his last song of the set, “Alcohol,” at a concert at the North Charleston Coliseum in Charleston, South Carolina, on the final date of the American Saturday Night Tour. Fearing a broken rib, he was held overnight at an area hospital, but was released when a CT scan was negative.
On July 31, 2010 Brad performed alongside Carrie Underwood at the inaugural Greenbrier Classic
PGA Tour Event in Lewisburg, W.Va. An estimated 60,000 people attended
the outdoor event to watch Carrie and Brad perform in the pouring rain.
On August 4, 2010, it was announced on his official website that
Paisley would release his first official greatest hits package, entitled
Hits Alive. Released on November 2, 2010, Hits Alive
is a double-disc collection, with one disc containing studio versions
of Paisley’s hit singles, while the companion disc features previously
unreleased live versions of his songs.
Brad Paisley cohosted the 44th Annual CMA Awards on November 10,
2010, where he was also awarded the CMA’s top award, Entertainer of the
Year. During his acceptance speech, Paisley emotionally honored his grandfather, who inspired him to play the guitar.
In 2012, MSN.com listed American Saturday Night as one of the 21 Essential 21st-Century Albums.
2011-present: This Is Country Music
In December 2010, Paisley released “This Is Country Music” as the title track to his eighth studio album, released May 23, 2011. The album’s second single, “Old Alabama” (with Alabama), released to country radio on March 14, 2011 and became Paisley’s nineteenth number one hit. “Remind Me,” with Carrie Underwood, was released May 23, 2011 to radio.
On March 22, 2011, Paisley’s website announced a new beta game titled “Brad Paisley World.” The game is modeled after other Facebook games such as Farmville or Mafia Wars
and features original animation. The game provides a new way for fans
to interact with each other and view exclusive material that would
otherwise be unavailable.
On May 12, 2011, Paisley’s website announced that he would release two songs on the soundtrack for the film Cars 2. One of them would be a collaboration with British pop singer Robbie Williams.
On October 19, 2011, Paisley made a voice cameo as various background characters in the South Park episode “Bass to Mouth“. 
On January 14, 2012, Paisley was a guest on Garrison Keillor‘s Prairie Home Companion, during which he did a rendition of “Life’s Railway to Heaven” by Charles Davis Tillman.
Brad also tweeted that he has started recording his upcoming album.
On April 25, 2012, Paisley was featured on the South Park episode “Cartman Finds Love“, in which he voiced himself, sang “The National Anthem“, and helped Cartman sing the 90′s hit song “I Swear“, which was popularized in 1994 by the country musician John Michael Montgomery and the pop group All-4-One. 
Paisley extended his “Virtual Realty” tour throughout the summer of
2012. He will be touring the country and making pit stops at local
country music festivals. The goal of these outdoor concerts is to give
the audience the full experience of Brad Paisley’s music, as many of his
songs contain outdoor elements. 
- Brooks & Dunn’s Neon Circus & Wild West Show 2003
- Mud & Suds Tour 2004 (w/ Sara Evans, Andy Griggs)
- Two Hats & A Redhead Tour 2005 (w/ Reba McEntire, Terri Clark)
- Time Well Wasted Tour 2006 (w/ Sara Evans, Sugarland, Carrie Underwood, Jake Owen, Josh Turner, Billy Currington)
- Bonfires & Amplifiers Tour 2007–2008 (w/ Taylor Swift, Jack Ingram, Kellie Pickler, Rodney Atkins, Chuck Wicks)
- The Paisley Party Tour 2008 (w/ Chuck Wicks, Julianne Hough, Jewel)
- The Paisley Party Tour 2009 (w/ Dierks Bentley, Darius Rucker, Crystal Shawanda)
- American Saturday Night Tour 2009 (w/ Dierks Bentley, Jimmy Wayne)
- American Saturday Night Tour 2010 (w/ Miranda Lambert, Justin Moore)
- The H2O Tour 2010 (w/ Darius Rucker, Justin Moore)
- The H2O Frozen Over Tour 2011 (w/ Darius Rucker, Jerrod Niemann)
- H2O II: Wetter and Wilder World Tour (w/ Darius Rucker, Blake Shelton, Jerrod Niemann)
|The Drama Kings taking a picture with a fan|
Paisley records his studio albums, in most part, with the backing of
his live band, The Drama Kings. Their first gig together was May 7,
1999. The only changes have been Randel Currie’s addition on the steel
guitar in 2000 and Jimmy Heffernan’s departure in 2001. Also, Jody
Harris worked as Paisley’s guitar tech until officially becoming a
bandmember for the American Saturday Night Tour. As of 2010, the lineup
- Brad Paisley – lead vocals, lead guitar
- Gary Hooker – rhythm guitar
- Randle Currie – steel guitar
- Kendal Marcy – keyboards, banjo, mandolin
- Justin Williamson – fiddle, mandolin
- Kenny Lewis – bass guitar
- Ben Sesar – drums
|Paisley and Chely Wright|
In the last months of 2000, Paisley had a relationship with fellow country music singer Chely Wright,
even though Wright and her female lover had moved together into a new
home earlier in the year. Wright was touring together with Paisley, with
whom she had co-written one song the previous year, and he had been
enamored of her ever since. Although she felt no sexual attraction to
Paisley, as to all men,
she recounts why Paisley was the man she decided to have a relationship
with, “he’s wickedly smart, which is one of the reasons why I made the
decision to spend time with him. I loved Brad. I never had the capacity
to fall in love with him, but I figured if I’m gonna live a less than
satisfied life, this is the guy I could live my life with. If I’m gonna
be with a boy, this is the boy.”
Her actions were further fueled by the fact that she held him in high
esteem and great affection in every way other than sexual attraction. In her autobiography she expresses remorse for how she treated him.
|Paisley and Kimberly Williams|
Paisley and Kimberly Williams began dating in 2001. Paisley had first seen Kimberly Williams in Father of the Bride with a former girlfriend. Brad and his former girlfriend broke up prior to the release of Father of the Bride Part II, which Brad went to see alone. Brad has stated that he watched Kimberly Williams‘ performance and thought “She seems like a great girl — smart and funny and all those things that are so hard to find.” In 2002, Williams appeared in a video for the song “I’m Gonna Miss Her (The Fishin’ Song),” the last release from his Part II album. The two married on March 15, 2003, at Stauffer Chapel on the campus of Pepperdine University after a nine month engagement. They live in Franklin, Tennessee, and have another home in Malibu.
Paisley and Williams first son, William Huckleberry, or “Huck”, was born on February 22, 2007, in Nashville, Tennessee. Their second son, Jasper Warren (named after his grandfather who bought Brad his first guitar), was born on April 17, 2009.
Paisley is a member of the Southern Jurisdiction of the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, and a Noble of the AAONMS, also known as Shriners. He was accompanied by his father, Doug Paisley (32º), for the ceremony on October 28, 2006.
He is also a lifelong fan of the Cleveland Browns. Paisley sang the national anthem before a game during the 1999 season, and stated in an interview, with ESPN his dream job would be to play football for them. He also invited former Browns Quarterback Brady Quinn to a concert at the Blossom Music Center, in 2008.
Paisley is also a fan of West Virginia University athletics and the Boston Red Sox.
In late 2009, it was announced in Variety that Paisley would enter the world of scripted television as an executive producer of a new hour-long drama series for The CW network called, appropriately, Nashville. The plot was written and created by Neal Dodson and actor Matt Bomer. The creator of the series One Tree Hill, Mark Schwahn will direct the pilot and oversee the series. Actor Zachary Quinto is also an executive producer on the series, along with Dodson, Bomer, and Corey Moosa. The pilot was not picked up for a series when The CW’s fall schedule was announced in May 2010.
Paisley’s first guitar, a gift from his grandfather, was a Silvertone Danelectro 1451, which came with a “amp-in-case”. His next guitar, which he got at the age of 10 or 11, also from his grandfather, was a Sekova copy of a Gibson ES-335, with a Fender Deluxe Reverb. The instrument most often associated with him is a 1968 Pink Paisley Fender Telecaster.
Like many Nashville-based musicians, he lost a number of instruments and other gear in the 2010 flood in Nashville, including a 1970s Gibson Les Paul
and the prototype for a Z Wreck, one of the signature Paisley Dr. Z
amplifiers. The insurance money, however, allowed him to buy (from George Gruhn‘s store) an exclusive 1937 herringbone Martin D-28.
In 2010, Brad Paisley and Wampler Pedals released the Brad Paisley
signature Paisley Drive, a guitar overdrive pedal designed to the
specifications of Brad Paisley. Paisley has also used Audiotech Guitar Products ABY Selector’s for controlling his wireless receiver units. 
- Studio Albums
- 1999: Who Needs Pictures
- 2001: Part II
- 2003: Mud on the Tires
- 2005: Time Well Wasted
- 2006: Brad Paisley Christmas
- 2007: 5th Gear
- 2008: Play
- 2009: American Saturday Night
- 2011: This Is Country Music
- 2010: Hits Alive
- Academy of Country Music
- 1999 – Top New Male Vocalist of the Year
- 2004 – Vocal Event of the Year (“Whiskey Lullaby”)
- 2004 – Video of the Year (“Whiskey Lullaby”)
- 2005 – Album of the Year (“Time Well Wasted”)
- 2005 – Vocal Event of the Year (“When I Get Where I’m Going”)
- 2005 – Video of the Year (“When I Get Where I’m Going”)
- 2007 – Top Male Vocalist of the Year
- 2008 – Top Male Vocalist of the Year
- 2008 – Video of the Year (“Online”)
- 2009 – Video of the Year (“Waitin’ on a Woman”)
- 2009 – Vocal Event of the Year (“Start a Band”)
- 2009 – Top Male Vocalist of the Year
- 2010 – Top Male Vocalist of the Year
- 2011 – Top Male Vocalist of the Year
- Country Music Association Awards
- 2000 – Horizon Award
- 2001 – Vocal Event of the Year (“Too Country”)
- 2002 – Music Video of the Year (“I’m Gonna Miss Her”)
- 2004 – Musical Event of the Year (“Whiskey Lullaby”)
- 2004 – Music Video of the Year (“Whiskey Lullaby”)
- 2006 – Album of the Year (Time Well Wasted)
- 2006 – Musical Event of the Year (“When I Get Where I’m Going”)
- 2007 – Music Video of the Year (“Online” – director Jason Alexander)
- 2007 – Male Vocalist of the Year
- 2008 – Music Video of the Year (“Waitin’ on a Woman”)
- 2008 – Male Vocalist of the Year
- 2009 – Male Vocalist of the Year
- 2009 – Musical Event of the Year (“Start A Band” with Keith Urban)
- 2010 – Entertainer of the Year
- Grammy Awards
- 2008 – Best Country Instrumental Performance (“Throttleneck”)
- 2009 – Best Country Instrumental Performance (“Cluster Pluck”)
- 2009 – Best Male Country Vocal Performance (“Letter to Me”)
- Country Weekly Presents the TNN Music Awards
- 2000 – The Discovery Award
- 2000 – Song of the Year (“He Didn’t Have to Be”)
- 2000 – CMT Music Video of the Year (“He Didn’t Have to Be”)
- Flameworthy Awards/CMT Music Awards
- 2002 – Concept Video of the Year (“I’m Gonna Miss Her”)
- 2005 – Collaborative Video of the Year (“Whiskey Lullaby”)
- 2006 – Most Inspiring Video of the Year (“When I Get Where I’m Going”)
- 2008 – Comedy Video of the Year (“Online”)
- 2009 – CMT Performance of the Year (“Country Boy”)
- 2009 – Collaborative Video of the Year (“Start a Band”)
- 2009 – Male Video of the Year (“Waitin’ On a Woman”)
- 2012 – Collaborative Video of the Year (“Remind Me”)
- American Music Awards
- 2008 – Favorite Country Male Artist
- 2010 – Favorite Country Male Artist
- American Country Awards
- 2010 – Artist of the Year – Male
- 2011 – Artist of the Year – Male
- Orville H. Gibson Guitar Award
- 2002 – Best Country Guitarist (Male)
- Nashville Songwriters Association International Award
- 2002 – Songwriter/Artist of the Year
- 2005 – Songwriter/Artist of the Year
- ASCAP Country Music Award
- 2004 – Songwriter/Artist of the Year
To see more of Who Is click here
Lalla Aicha, Moroccan princess, first female Arab ambassador, Ambassador to United Kingdom (1965–1969); Greece (1969–1970); Italy (1970–1973), died she was 81.
(17 June 1930 – 4 September 2011)
Life and career
Born in Rabat, she was privately educated in Rabat and awarded a Baccalauréat degree. The exile in 1953 of Mohammed V and his family on Corsica interrupted her studies in languages. Lalla Aicha was the Ambassador of Morocco to the United Kingdom between 1965 and 1969, and then to Greece from 1969 to 1970, and to Italy between 1970 and 1973. She was the first president of the Entraide Nationale, president of the Moroccan Red Crescent Society from the 1950s to 1969,  and honorary president of the National Union of Moroccan Women since 1969 until her death.
She married firstly on 16 August 1961, at the Dar al-Makhzin in
Rabat, Moulay Hassan al-Yaqubi (born 1934) and divorced in 1972.
Together they had two daughters:
- Lalla Zubaida al-Yaqubi (also named Zoubida El Yacoubi), Vice-Consul at New York 1985
- Lalla Nufissa al-Yaqubi (also named Noufissa El Yacoubi), Vice-Consul at New York 1986
Titles, styles and honours
Titles and atyles
She received several honours during her life:
- Grand Cordon of the Order of the Throne of Morocco (1963)
- Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Italy (1970)
- Honorary Dame Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (DCVO, 1980)
Honorary military appointments
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Victor Bussie, American labor activist, president of Louisiana AFL–CIO, died from stomach cancer he was 92.
Victor V. Bussie was until his retirement in 1997 the 41-year unopposed president of the Louisiana AFL-CIO,
having first assumed the mantle of union leadership in 1956 died from stomach cancer he was 92..
Journalists often described him as the most significant non-elected
“official” in his state’s politics. Bussie’s influence with governors
and state legislators became so great in the 1970s that a trade association known as the Louisiana Association of Business and Industry
(LABI) was established as a counterbalance to the AFL-CIO. LABI won a
huge victory in 1976 with the passage of the state’s still-standing right-to-work legislation.
( January 27, 1919 – September 4, 2011)
Defender of the Longs
Bussie recalled having been born in poverty in the community of Montrose in Natchitoches Parish to Christopher “Chris” Bussie and the former Fannie LaCaze. The senior Bussie was a unionized employee of the Texas Pacific Railroad. Bussie had a brother and five sisters, one of whom, Authree B. Gorrell of Austin, Texas, was still living as of 2011. At some point, the Bussies headed south to Rapides Parish because another sister, Fannie Mae Bussie Heard (1924–2009) of Shreveport, was born in Boyce. Fannie Heard was one of the first female Certified Public Accountants in northwestern Louisiana, having also been licensed to practice in California and Nevada. Bussie, who was half Choctaw Indian, commented on his background, as follows:
- My mother and father struggled to send us to school because of the
high cost of school books. There finally came a time when they could no
longer afford to buy books for seven children. We children were told
that we could no longer attend school.
- That very same year, Governor Huey Pierce Long, Jr., persuaded the Louisiana State Legislature to fund schoolbooks for all children attending public schools.
Not only did that mean that my brother and sisters and I could finish
our education but also thousands of other children could as well. My
family never forgot Huey Long and became longtime political supporters
of the Long family.
In 1959, as AFL-CIO president, Bussie checked himself into a mental health facility in Galveston, Texas, as a ruse for the confinement of Governor Earl Kemp Long, who was committed by his wife, Blanche Revere Long and Long’s nephew, U.S. Senator Russell B. Long.
“It’s hard to believe that I was involved in it. It was a mess. He
(Long) could have easily sued me, but that never occurred to me. He was a
friend, and I just tried to help as best I could.”
Bussie in Shreveport
Bussie, a veteran of the United States Navy during World War II, joined the Shreveport
Fire Department and became a leader in the departmental union. He
became chief of the Fire Prevention Bureau and the president of the
Central Trades and Labor Council. James C. Gardner, who served as mayor
of Shreveport from 1954 to 1958, described Bussie as “well-spoken” and
his “polite and reasonable manner made him widely sought as the ‘labor
member’ of various civic boards.” As a second assistant chief, a
position Bussie obtained without waiting for civil service seniority,
his signature was required on all certificates of occupancy for
commercial buildings, a position of considerable power.
Some in the business community accused Bussie of requiring work beyond
the municipal building or fire code regulations in order to create more
employment within the building trades. To check Bussie, officials
activated, as permitted by the city charter, a building code board of
appeals to prevent abuses.
Early in 1955, Bussie, acting through the Central Trades and Labor
Council during his lunch hour, called a strike of waitresses at
Brocato’s Restaurant in Shreveport when the company declined to rehire a
fired waitress. In retaliation, Shreveport Public Safety Commissioner
J. Earl Downs, the brother of an influential state senator allied with the Longs, Crawford H. “Sammy” Downs of Alexandria, the seat of Rapides Parish,
demoted Bussie to the rank of captain and assigned him to a fire
station. Bussie instead took unpaid leave and appealed Downs’ decision
to the Fire and Police Civil Service Board. After fourteen sessions and
fifty hours of testimony, the civil service board voted 4–1 to uphold
the demotion, with the lone dissenter being the firefighters’
representative. Bussie announced that he would appeal to the courts.
Meanwhile, he became the state AFL-CIO president for the remainder of
his working career and lived in Baton Rouge. No action was ever taken by
the courts in Bussie’s appeal.
Gardner said that the demotion “turned out to be the best thing that
could have happened to Bussie and the labor movement in Louisiana… He
was extremely effective as the Louisiana leader of organized labor and
brought a level of influence for labor in Baton Rouge that it had not
Bussie’s home bombed
On July 19, 1966, Bussie’s Baton Rouge residence in the Kenilworth
subdivision was bombed, but there were no injuries. Jules R. Kimble, a
then 24-year-old proclaimed former member of the Ku Klux Klan,
who also claimed to have been the heir to a nonexistent fortune, told
police that he had overheard three Klansmen plot the bombing of both the
Bussie residence and that of Viola Logan, an African American teacher in Port Allen, the seat of West Baton Rouge Parish. Kimble said the plot was hatched in Kimble’s New Orleans
home but that he declined to participate in the execution of the plans.
It was theorized that the bombing was inspired by Klansmen who favored a
state grant-in-aid program to benefit white private academies which
would soon mushroom in predominantly black sections of Louisiana with
the arrival of court-mandated school desegregation. Kimble was eventually booked with aggravated assault, impersonating a police officer, and carrying a concealed weapon.
Service on boards and commissions
As he had served on Shreveport boards, Bussie also was the union
representative over the years on many state boards and commissions,
including the Louisiana State University Board of Supervisors, and was the chairman of the Louisiana Public Facilities Authority. On his retirement, a Baton Rouge Morning Advocate editorial concluded, “Bussie might well be the most powerful Louisianan never elected to public office.”
Bussie, ever with an eye toward friendly relations with the media, once invited the Morning Advocate managing editor, Margaret Dixon, to address the AFL-CIO convention. He also maintained a highly visible public image for himself.
He served two four-year terms on the Democratic National Committee. President John F. Kennedy asked Bussie to pressure Senator Russell Long, whom Bussie had known since boyhood, to push Medicare through a Senate committee that Long chaired. However, Medicare was not enacted until Lyndon B. Johnson succeeded Kennedy as President.
At the time of his death, Bussie was still a member of the Baton Rouge Municipal Fire and Police Civil Service Board.
Bussie sues Margaret Lowenthal and Boeing
On October 15, 1985, State Representative Margaret Welsh Lowenthal, an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Louisiana’s 7th congressional district seat in the United States House of Representatives, addressed the Lake Charles Optimist Club at its regular luncheon meeting. Lowenthal claimed that she had been told by an unidentified representative of Boeing that the firm had considered locating a manufacturing facility in Louisiana, but ultimately chose Mississippi
because of Louisiana’s unstable political climate and its longstanding
problems with public education. Lowenthal said that she was told further
by the Boeing representative that, “‘As long as you have a man named
Victor Bussie sitting in Baton Rouge, calling the shots for labor, we
don’t need to be in your state.’” Her remarks were telecast over Lake
Bussie filed suit against Lowenthal and Boeing alleging that the
statements were false and were made with actual malice. Bussie alleged
that as such the statements damaged his reputation and held him up to
public contempt and ridicule and caused him embarrassment, humiliation,
mental suffering, and anxiety. Lowenthal claimed that the statements had
been made to her while she was attending a cocktail party given by the
Louisiana delegation to the National Conference of State Legislators.
Bussie fights right-to-work
The Louisiana State Legislature passed a right-to-work law in the 1952 session at the urging of then Governor Robert F. Kennon.
Gardner was a freshman member of the Louisiana House at the time and
voted for right-to-work. In 1956, however, when Gardner was mayor, the
legislature repealed the law at the urging of Governor Earl Long.
Organized labor took the leading role in the repeal, a reflection of
Bussie’s growing influence in state politics. Indeed, Louisiana was
clearly the most unionized state in the American South.
Bussie found that rural state legislators wanted farmers excluded from
the repeal of right-to-work. Therefore, he endorsed one bill to repeal
right-to-work and another to restore right-to-work for farmers. “We
became the first and only state labor organization in the nation ever to
sponsor a right-to-work law,” Bussie said. The maneuvering caught the eye of former First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt,
who penned an editorial saying that Bussie should be expelled from the
union for sponsoring the restoration of right-to-work for farmers.
In the 1976 legislative session, right-to-work was again passed by a
nearly all Democratic body, a reflection of the growing presence of
LABI, which sought to reverse what it claimed had been “socialism” in the heyday of Bussie’s influence.
Bussie has since never wavered in his call to repeal the Louisiana
right-to-work law, which he calls the “right-to-work-for-less.”
Supporters of the measure, however, insist that it merely protects
employees’ freedom to refuse to pay compulsory “fees” to a union which
they do not wish to join. Twenty-one other states, including all
southern states, have such laws.
Bussie claims that the effect of the law has been “to drive down
wages, … particularly in the construction industry.” Data furnished by
the U.S. Department of Labor
and the Louisiana Department of Labor show that construction wages in
the state have sharply increased relative to the national average since
passage of right-to-work. In 1976, Louisiana construction hourly wages
were 77 percent of the national average. By 2000, Louisiana construction
wages had risen to 96 percent of the U.S. average.
Mark Mix, senior vice president of the National Right to Work Committee in Springfield, Virginia,
noted that the same trend is evident in manufacturing. U.S. Department
of Labor data show that Louisiana manufacturing hourly wages has risen
from 102 percent of the national average in 1976 to 108 percent in the
21st century. Because the cost of living in Louisiana has been
traditionally lower than in other states, construction workers’ real,
disposable income is above the national average.
Bussie said the decline of labor unions in Louisiana began in 1976,
when the state Legislature narrowly approved right-to-work legislation
that was pushed by Ed Steimel, founding president of the Louisiana
Association of Business and Industry. Bussie once called right-to-work
“the most misnamed, deceitful, misleading piece of legislation ever
introduced.” Bussie and unions argued that right-to-work was meant to
weaken unions so businesses could lower wages. Right-to-work proponents
said the legislation was needed to keep unions from forcing employees to
join and pay dues. The fight culminated with the 1976 passage of the
legislation when nearly 15,000 union members protested outside the State
“That is when wages started going down in Louisiana,” Bussie said.
“It was tough, very disappointing.” Bussie said that prior to
right-to-work, Louisiana had among the most skilled workers in the
nation. Businesses liked the skill of workers, except for those
companies that were just adamantly anti-union, he said.
“It was one of the biggest fights in the Legislature of this past
century,” Steimel said. He still feels the legislation was needed then.
But he said that corporations in Louisiana today are inadvertently
inviting the return of stronger unions because workers get paid more in
other states for the same jobs. “They’re abusing the power of
right-to-work,” Steimel said.
Bussie in retirement
At the time of his death, Bussie was married to the former Frances “Fran” Martinez Nolan (born May 6, 1935),
herself a political activist. Fran Bussie’s parents were John O.
Martinez (1906–1990) and Althea Williams Martinez (1914–2003) of New
Orleans. Her brothers are Tony and Johnny Martinez. Bussie’s first wife, from whom he was divorced, was the former Gertrude Foley (October 15, 1918 – September 16, 2005), who died in Round Rock in suburban Williamson County, Texas.
Bussie was affiliated with the liberal wing of the Democratic Party. In 1964, he campaigned even in north Louisiana, a stronghold of the Republican U.S. Senator Barry M. Goldwater that year, on behalf of U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson, who lost that region by a large margin in the last election prior to passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965,
which thereafter enfranchised tens of thousands of black voters, most
of whom became automatic Democrats. Bussie was even closer to Johnson’s vice president, Hubert H. Humphrey of Minnesota, who had attended Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge during the 1930s but failed to win’s the state’s electoral votes in 1968.
In retirement, Bussie joined a group of Louisiana business and political leaders, including the former Republican Governor David C. Treen, in unsuccessfully urging President George W. Bush to pardon imprisoned Governor Edwin Washington Edwards. Edwards remained behind bars until 2011 in the federal facility in Oakdale in Allen Parish because of his conviction of bribery.
Bussie supported Edwards in all four of the Democrat’s successful
gubernatorial campaigns. Edwards once said that Bussie was the
singlemost influential person in his administration. Bussie also endorsed at least one Republican candidate in Louisiana, John S. Treen, the older brother of David Treen. John Treen lost to David Duke in the 1989 special election for the Louisiana state House from Jefferson Parish.
In 1994, Bussie, along with the late U.S. Senator Allen J. Ellender, was among the second round of public figures inducted into the Louisiana Political Museum and Hall of Fame in Winnfield. He was a recipient of the “Racial Justice Award” given annually by the Baton Rouge Young Women’s Christian Association. In 1998, Bussie and former Governor John McKeithen were among recipients named “Living Legends” by the Louisiana Public Broadcasting Service.
In 1997, Bussie received an honorary degree from Southeastern Louisiana University in Hammond, and other such honorary degrees followed. Then Southeastern President Sally Clausen
described Bussie as “an individual who has distingused himself through
his quiet but steadfast work for the underprivileged and his strong
stand for justice. He has been a lifelong supporter of education,
serving as an advocate for quality instruction and a voice of support
for higher education… “.
With back problems, Bussie resigned in 2008 from his last state board, the University of Louisiana System
Board of Supervisors. He and his wife, Fran, left their home and moved
into the St. James Place retirement community in Baton Rouge. In an
interview with the Baton Rouge Morning Advocate, Bussie indicated that he would not write a book of memoirs
despite his significance to 20th century Louisiana history. He has been
named the 2008 recipient of the “Friend of Education” award from the
Louisiana Federation of Teacher, an affiliate of the American Federation
of Teachers. Bussie said that he had long promoted educational
opportunity because college had never been an option for him. Bussie’s
papers are in the archives of the University of Louisiana at Lafayette. Victor and Fran Bussie have also completed an oral history for the Louisiana Secretary of State’s office.
Bob Mann, LSU communications professor, said that Bussie was more
influential than many governors. “I can’t think of anyone who wielded so
much power for such an extended period of time.” Mann described Bussie
as “a living, breathing treasure trove of Louisiana’s political history”
but “so soft-spoken and modest.”
Even Ed Steimel,
Bussie’s top rival, had tremendous respect for Bussie. “Many
businesspeople felt organized labor was running the state,” Steimel said
of his being recruited by LABI to take on the AFL-CIO in the 1970s.
“But we were never really anti each other, and we’ve become closer
CEO Boysie Bollinger, who sat next to Bussie on the UL System board,
said he initially saw Bussie as a Louisiana “icon,” who as an aggressive
union lobbyist “represented everything that I was opposed to.”
But Bollinger said that, after getting to know Bussie, they became
friends, and he respected Bussie’s passion for education and worker
Sibal Holt, the first black female president of an AFL-CIO state
branch, said Bussie was “the champion of workers” of all colors and
sexes. “I sort of viewed him as an octopus with tentacles reaching all
over. But he was as sincere as the day is long.”
Critics have said Bussie’s and his colleagues’ involvement in so many
areas of government amounted to a power grab to keep unions very
influential. Bussie is emphatic that he only wanted to serve his state
as much as he was able. “It may sound corny, but that’s just the way I
lived.” He is proud of serving on all the boards without ever accepting
any per diem payments or salaries.
Bob Mann said Bussie was just doing his job. “It was his job to place
labor in the most powerful positions he could,” Mann said. “He wielded a
lot of power, but he did it in a soft-spoken and respectful way.”
T. Wayne Parent, the Russell B. Long Professor of Political Science
at LSU and formerly a young staffer at the State Capitol, said that he
was often mesmerized watching Bussie lobby the legislature. Lawmakers
would look toward Bussie when certain bills came up, and the labor
president would nod “Yes” or “No.” Parent said that Bussie “really did
represent the quiet strength labor can have behind the scenes.”
Sally Clausen, the state commissioner of higher education, saw Bussie
as her political guide. Clausen remembers Bussie’s small,
“dungeon-like” office. Yet people would flock to him as soon as he
entered a room. “I’ve never known someone as altruistic and humble, and
still so powerful,” she said.
Bussie said he had a good relationship with every governor from Earl Long to Murphy J. “Mike” Foster, Jr., with the exception of Democrat-turned-Republican Buddy Roemer.
Bussie remained close to former Governor Edwin Edwards. A few years
before his incarceration, Edwards flew in from a vacation to attend
Bussie’s 1997 retirement dinner. “I said, ‘Well Edwin, that’s the first
time you ever paid for anything out of your own money,’” Bussie joked.
Bussie died of complications from stomach cancer at the age of
ninety-two at Baton Rouge General Medical Center-Bluebonnet on the
Sunday before Labor Day 2011. In 1989, Bussie had heart by-pass surgery, and in 1993, he lost a kidney to cancer.
In addition to his second wife, “Fran” Bussie of Baton Rouge, he was
survived by two daughters from his first marriage to the former Gertrude
Foley: Deanna Love, of Wimberley,
Texas, and Carolyn B. Huff and husband David, of Round Rock, Texas;
stepchildren Tara Nolan Messenger and husband Terry and Michael Q.
Nolan, all of Baton Rouge; six grandchildren, and three
step-grandchildren. Services were held on September 9. 2011 at the First
United Methodist Church in Baton Rouge. Interment was at Resthaven Gardens of Memory Cemetery on the Jefferson Highway.
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Hugh Bernard Fox Jr. was a writer, novelist, poet and anthropologist and one of the founders (with Ralph Ellison, Anaïs Nin, Paul Bowles, Joyce Carol Oates, Buckminster Fuller and others) of the Pushcart Prize for literature died he was 79.. He has been published in numerous literary magazines and was the first writer to publish a critical study of Charles Bukowski.
Life and career
Fox was born and raised in Chicago as a devout Catholic, but converted to Judaism in later life. He received a Ph.D. in American Literature from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and was a professor at Michigan State University in the Department of American Thought and Language from 1968 until his retirement in 1999. Hugh Fox died on September 4, 2011 in East Lansing, MI.
Fox was the author of over sixty-two books, including six books on anthropology.
He wrote over fifty-four books on poetry and many volumes on short
fiction, and published many novels. Fox also wrote a number of books on
pre-Columbian American cultures and catastrophism. Some of these works were labeled in the pseudoarchaeological category, such as his book Gods of the Cataclysm: A Revolutionary Investigation of Man and his Gods Before and After the Great Cataclysm (1976). Some of his books with these themes have been compared to the work of Ignatius Donnelly.
His book Gods of the Cataclysm received a number of positive
reviews. Editor Curt Johnson praised the book claiming “Hugh Fox’s Gods
of the Cataclysm…ought to be required reading for cultural historians
of all disciplines,” and Robert Sagehorn of The Western World Review
cited Hugh Fox as “… one of the foremost authorities (perhaps the foremost authority) on pre-Columbian American cultures.” Gods of the Cataclysm was revised and re-released in the summer of 2011 by Aardwolfe Books.  
The Ibbetson Street Press of Somerville, Massachusetts published Way, Way Off the Road: The Memoirs of an Invisible Man
by Hugh Fox with an introduction by Doug Holder in 2006. This book
recounts Fox’s life and the people he knew from his extensive
associations with the “Small Press” marketplace over the years,
including Charles Bukowski, A.D. Winans, Sam Cornish, Len Fulton, and numerous other people.
Fox’s novel e Lord Said Unto Satan was published in the spring of 2011 by Post Mortem Press (Cincinnati).  His final novel was Reunion, published by Luminis Books in summer 2011.
Also in summer, 2011, Ravenna Press published his description in prose
poems of one year of his life in E. Lansing, MI, “The Year Book.” 
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(25 April 1919 – 3 September 2011)
At the Norwegian Championships, Helgesen won the 500 m in 1947 and 1949. He became Olympic Champion on the 500 m at the 1948 Winter Olympics in St. Moritz in a new Olympic record time of 43.1 seconds – a mere 0.1 seconds ahead of three skaters winning Olympic silver.
At the 1952 Winter Olympics in Oslo
(his hometown), Helgesen and two other skaters skated 44.0 seconds on
the 500 m, a time good enough for bronze. But because Helgesen had lost
the heat against one of those two skaters, he was ranked 5th. Note that
times were measured to a precision of only one tenth of a second in
those days – at the speeds on the 500 m, it was possible for two skaters
to finish in the same time, while one of them finished more than one
meter ahead of the other. Stated differently: In one tenth of a second,
these skaters advanced more than one meter.
Helgesen skated for Oslo Skøiteklub (“Oslo Skating Club”), the same skating club many other famous Norwegian skaters skated for at one time or other – Roald Aas, Ivar Ballangrud, Bernt Evensen, Rudolf Gundersen, Oscar Mathisen, and Laila Schou Nilsen, amongst others.
To put these personal records in perspective, the WR column lists the official world records on the dates that Helgesen skated his personal records.
|500 m||43.1||31 January 1948||St. Moritz||41.8|
|1,000 m||1:31.5||27 January 1952||Gjøvik||1:28.4|
|1,500 m||2:25.4||3 January 1952||Oslo||2:13.8|
Helgesen has an Adelskalender score of 202.046 points.
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(18 February 1914 – 3 September 2011)
In September 2006, Efraim Zuroff of the Wiesenthal Center made public copies of a 1944 court verdict finding Képíró and 14 other Hungarian Army and police officers of taking part in 1942 raid in Novi Sad. In 1948, the government of Hungary retried him in absentia
and sentenced him to 14 years. This verdict was based upon the
testimony of János Nagy, a former Hungarian soldier of Képíró’s platoon.
However, the testimony was given after the communist secret service tortured Nagy. Képíró claimed that he had never ever heard of him. Képíró returned to Budapest in 1996 without being identified until that point.
Responding to the Wiesenthal Center accusations, Képíró said he had
been a junior police officer at the time who had been involved in the
round up of civilians, but denied taking an active part in the
executions, which were carried out by soldiers. Képíró also said he
refused orders to take part in anything illegal. “I was the only one who
asked for a written command. At the time of the massacre I was
reluctant. Prove that I was a war criminal.” The 1944 verdict provided
by the Wiesenthal Center, however, states that despite Képíró’s request
for written orders, he participated in the massacre even though none
Hungarian military prosecutors state that the previous verdicts are
no longer valid and a new investigation would have to be reopened, which
might take years. On 14 September 2009, he was taken in for questioning
by Hungarian police. However, because of the lack of evidence, the
charges against him were later dropped.
Képíró has accused Efraim Zuroff of libel
and initiated criminal proceedings in a Budapest court. The case opened
in October 2010. If convicted, Zuroff could have faced up to two years
in prison. However, the case was dismissed on 17 December 2010 based on the 1944 verdict  as well as due to Képíró’s failure to appear in court.
On 14 February 2011 Hungarian prosecutors charged Képíró. On 18 July 2011, he was found not guilty by a Budapest court.
After the verdict László Karsai,
the leading Hungarian Holocaust historian, son of a Holocaust survivor,
said: “Honestly, I wish Zuroff stopped doing what he’s doing. I mean:
with this kind of methods he uses, with so little evidence, he tries to
drag people through the mire. This can’t be done to anyone, can’t be
done even to a former gendarmerie officer either.” Professor Karsai
accused Zuroff of being a hysterical, narcissistic
Nazi-hunter, working only to earn a good living. Karsai claimed that
the Wiesenthal Center made such a publicity to the case in order to
justify its own existence before the sponsors.
Sándor Képíró died in hospital in Budapest at the age of 97. His
death was reported by his family and lawyer, who said he believed the
trial in summer had contributed to his client’s poor health.
Until 2011, he was on the Simon Wiesenthal Center‘s list of most wanted Nazi war criminals.
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Misra, who was born in Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh, played on the India Davis Cup team for nine years between 1947 and 1956 and captained the team in 1952 and 1953. He reached the quarter-finals of the Wimbledon Men’s Doubles Championship (along with Jimmy Mehta) in 1947 and 1948 and the US National Doubles at Forest Hills in 1947, being the only pair in the championships to take a set off Schoder and Kramer the winners, who had won both Wimbledon and the US Nationals at Forest Hills that year.
He won the last All India Tennis Championships in 1944–45 and then
went on to win the first newly christened National Lawn Tennis
Championships of India that was held at Calcutta South Club
in Woodburn Park Road, in 1946–47 beating Man Mohan Lal. In 1952–53 he
won the national championships again and was the finalist on three other
occasions. In the 1947–48 final he was defeated by Lennart Bergelin of Sweden (in later years better known as Bjorn Borg’s coach).
In 1972 Sumant Misra’s son Gaurav Misra defeated Ramanathan Krishnan
to win the National Lawn Tennis Championships of India held at Calcutta
South Club, making them the first father –son to win the national
Sumant Misra also won the men’s singles title at both the Ceylon and
Malay Nationals in 1958–59 and 1959 respectively. Since there was no ATP
Tour then, each country held their own national events. He was the
finalist at the inaugural Asian Tennis Championship in 1949. His game
was dominated by a cannon-ball serve and a lethal backhand. Nicknamed
‘Tiny’, 89-year-old Sumant Misra carried the moniker like a crown on his
6 feet and 2 inches tall frame. Also called ‘the grandfather of Indian
tennis’, Misra was initiated into the game by his father Sir L. P.
Misra, then Chief Commissioner of Indian Railways. As a 14-year-old, his
favourite turf was the Calcutta South Club. That’s where Misra met his
contemporaries, Narendra Nath, Man Mohan Lal and Dilip Bose. However,
Misra was the only one to participate in the junior national
championship, the national championship and national veteran
He was secretary of the All India Tennis Association (AITA, then
known as AILTA) from 1963 to 1966 and on the Committee of Management of
ITF (International Tennis Federation) during 1965–67.
Misra died on 3 September 2011. He was 88.
Besides tennis, he was an accomplished player in squash racquets, and
in later years a golfer with a handicap of 8. “Then, sports was seen as
a hobby,” recalls Misra, who retired from Indian Aluminium as General
Coordination Manager over two decades ago. He lived in New Delhi with
his wife, Sharda Misra and younger daughter. His elder son Gaurav Misra
is a former national tennis champion and is the director of the Columbia University‘s Dick Savitt Tennis Center tennis in New York City, New York.
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Edgar John Benson was a Canadian politician, businessman, diplomat, and university professor died he was 88. He held three different Cabinet posts. He was married to an Ottawa lawyer, Mary Jane Binks.
Benson was a chartered accountant
by profession, and co-owner of a local radio station. Prior to his
entry into politics, and while practising his CA profession, he was a
lecturer in Business Administration at Queen’s University, his alma mater, in the capacity of Assistant Professor of Commerce.
He was first elected to the Canadian House of Commons in the 1962 general election as the Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) for Kingston, Ontario. He entered the Cabinet of Prime Minister Lester Pearson in 1964 as Minister of National Revenue, and served concurrently, from 1966 to 1968, as President of the Treasury Board.
He was an early supporter of Pierre Trudeau in the 1968 Liberal leadership campaign to replace the retiring Pearson, and advised Trudeau. Benson was Minister of Finance under Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau from 1968 to 1972. He was the last finance minister in over twenty years to introduce a balanced budget. His 1969 budget introduced a capital gains tax that was severely criticized by the business community, particularly Israel Asper who wrote a book called The Benson Iceberg condemning the measure. In his final budget he introduced a tax deduction for child care as a means of helping mothers enter the workforce.
He served as Minister of National Defence from January to August 1972, when he retired from politics, choosing not to run in the 1972 election. He served as Canadian Ambassador to Ireland from 1982 to 1985.
Benson held honourary degrees from the Royal Military College of Canada and Queens University.
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Roberto Andrés Bruce Pruzzo was a Chilean television journalist, mainly known for his work on Televisión Nacional de Chile‘s breakfast programme Buenos Días a Todos died from a plane crash he was 32.. Bruce also worked as host of Dónde La Viste in the same TV channel.
(30 July 1979 2 September 2011)
The older of three brothers, Bruce was born in Talagante, a town southwest of Santiago de Chile. He spent his childhood in a rural area of the Maipo Valley, near Melipilla.
Roberto Bruce attended primary and secondary studies at Colegio Carampangue, in Talagante. In 1998 he began his journalism studies in the Diego Portales University,
which he completed in 2002. Bruce was married to Andrea Sanhueza, with
whom he had two daughters: Martina Bruce Sanhueza, and Rafaela Bruce
His first job in television was on Buenos Días a Todos (Good Morning Everyone), breakfast programme of Televisión Nacional de Chile;
he joined the TV channel as student in practice. There, he served as
journalist working in the field, doing reports on current, and
In 2011, he was the host of his first television programme, Dónde La Viste (Where Did You See). The programme, co-hosted by actors Natalia Valdebenito, Sebastián Layseca, and Natalie Nicloux, was of “humouristic and entertaining” style. In June of the same year, he was the host of the backstage section of La Dieta del Lagarto (The Alligator Diet), where he weighed the participants of that program who attempted to become thin by dancing.
On August 31, 2011, two days before his death, he replaced Felipe Camiroaga as the host of Buenos Días a Todos, as the latter was sick that day.
On 2 September 2011, the plane in which Bruce was travelling to the Juan Fernández Archipelago with twenty other persons, including a team from Buenos Días a Todos with such figures as Felipe Camiroaga crashed. His body was found at the sea on 3 September, and he was cremated the following day at the Parque del Recuerdo cemetery in Huechuraba. The commune of Melipilla decreed two days of communal mourning in his honour.
- In TV programmes
|2002–2011||Buenos Días a Todos||Reporter / Journalist||TVN|
|2010||Teletón 2010||Backstage journalist||TVN|
|2011||Dónde La Viste||Host||TVN|
|La Dieta del Lagarto||Backstage journalist||TVN|
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Allan James Hubbard, was a businessman who lived in Timaru in the South Island of New Zealand and was the founder of South Canterbury Finance, New Zealand’s largest locally owned finance company died from a car accident he was 83. In 2006, the New Zealand Listener described Hubbard as the most powerful businessman in the South Island.
Hubbard was listed on the New Zealand Listener Power List from 2005 through to 2007 and he was listed on the Primary Sector Power list at number four in 2009.
Hubbard had significant interests in dairy farming,
irrigation systems, finance and helicopters. He was one of three
directors of Dairy Holdings Limited, which in 2007 owned 57 dairy units,
and 10 grazing blocks in the South Island. In the 2006-07 season Dairy
Holdings Limited milked 44,000 cows on 16,120 hectares and produced 14.3
million kg of milksolids.
Hubbard died as the result of a car crash on 2 September 2011. In February 2012, the Oamaru police charged a 40-year-old man with careless driving causing death.
Allan Hubbard was born in 1928 in Dunedin. His parents lived with five children in a three-bedroom Dunedin North
cottage with no electric lighting. In the Depression, his father was
unemployed plumber who had to plant pine seedlings on a work scheme.
Hubbard’s first job was on a Taieri Plains
dairy farm. He then worked as a clerk for Trustees Executors while
studying part-time for his School Certificate, University Entrance and
an accountancy degree from the universities of Otago and Canterbury. In 1953, he and Jean Hubbard, who had been a fellow student at Otago, moved to Timaru
where he did bookkeeping for the Craighead school while establishing
the accounting firm Hubbard Churcher. In the mid-1950s he provided the
backing for Doug Shears and Helicopters New Zealand Ltd. Also in the
1950s, Hubbard gained control of South Canterbury Finance, a small-time lender to local businesses and households. In 1962 Hubbard bought a dairy farm.
South Canterbury Finance
In 1926, South Canterbury Finance Ltd started as a small-time lender to local businesses and households in Timaru. Allan Hubbard bought South Canterbury Finance in either the 1950s or in 1960.
Hubbard was considered the driving force behind the company’s growth as
it ultimately became the largest financial institution in the South Island
of New Zealand. By the late 2000s, South Canterbury Finance had 35,000
investors and its assets were considered to be worth almost $NZ2
billion. South Canterbury Finance owned 13 companies including fruit
packaging and warehousing company Scales Corporation, helicopter and
tourism business Helicopters NZ, and a third shareholding in Dairy
Holdings Limited, New Zealand’s largest dairy farming group.
Despite its reputation as a South Island rural lender, South
Canterbury Finance had made loans to property development throughout New
Zealand, Australia and Fiji. At 30 June 2009, property loans were
$414.2 million. Real estate lending represented 207 loans with an
average net loan value of $1.15 million. Further, 37 per cent of lending
was secured by a second or lower ranking mortgages. There were ten
property loans greater than $10 million. For some lending, the interest
was capitalised into the loan debt, so borrowers did not have to
immediately fund interest payments.
On 31 August 2010, South Canterbury Finance asked its trustee to place it in receivership after negotiations over a recapitalisation deal failed.
The Government immediately paid out investors $NZ1.6 billion under the
Government’s Retail Deposit Guarantee Scheme. Alan Hubbard was reported
blaming the Government and the other South Canterbury Finance directors
for the receivership: as the directors had sidelined him and the
Government had placed him in statutory management.
On 7 December 2011, the Serious Fraud Office
laid 21 charges against five individuals in respect of South Canterbury
Finance. The charges relate to a variety of allegedly fraudulent
transactions which have a total estimated value of approximately $1.7
billion. This includes an estimated $1.58 billion from the Crown Retail
Deposits Guarantee Scheme.
The charges include entering the Crown Guarantee Scheme by deception,
omitting to disclose a related party loan of $64.185m from SCF to
Southbury Group and Woolpak Holdings, failing to disclose related party
loans of $19.1m from SCF to Shark Wholesalers, and breaching the crown
guarantee scheme by lending $39m to Quadrant Holding Limited.
The five accused are; former South Canterbury Finance chief executive
Lachie McLeod, former South Canterbury Finance directors Edward Oral
Sullivan and Robert Alexander White (a lawyer with Raymond Sullivan
former chief financial officer of South Canterbury Finance, Graeme
Brown, and Timaru chartered accountant Terry Hutton, formerly of Hubbard
The alleged offences include theft by a person in a special
relationship, obtaining by deception, false statements by a promoter of a
company and false accounting. All five defendants deny the charges. A
date of Monday May 28 2012 was set for a post committal conference.
On 20 June 2010, the New Zealand Government
placed Allan Hubbard, his wife Jean Hubbard and his business Aorangi
Securities and seven charitable trusts into statutory management, with
Trevor Thornton and Richard Simpson of Grant Thornton appointed as
statutory managers. This decision was based on recommendations from the Securities Commission of New Zealand after a complaint from an investor.
Allan Hubbard established Aorangi Securities Limited in 1974. The
directors are Allan and Margaret Hubbard and the share capital is owned
by another Hubbard-owned company, Forresters Nominee Company Limited.
Aorangi had operated as a finance company, having raised $98 million
from 407 investors living in Otago and Canterbury and making loans of
approximately $134 million to borrowers. The review of the Securities
Commission concluded that many of the loans were inadequately
documented, appeared to be unsecured and contrary to instructions from
investors. The Serious Fraud Office (New Zealand) initiated an investigation for fraud.
The news was met with disbelief in his home town of Timaru and elsewhere in the South Island, where Hubbard is seen as a pillar of the community. There was widespread support for Allan Hubbard and a rally was held for him on 26 June 2010 in Timaru attended by thousands of people who protested against the investigation. In June 2010, supporters of Allan Hubbard started a campaign to clear his name.
In July 2010, the Statutory Managers reported that Allan Hubbard also
controlled an additional business that they had not been aware of when
appointed. This was Hubbard Funds Management, an investment management
business estimated to be worth $70 million. It had inadequate accounting
records consisting of a hand written cashbook and journals maintained
by Mr Hubbard.
In September 2010, two further companies related to Hubbard Funds
Management, Hubbard Churcher Trust Management Ltd and Forresters Nominee
Company Ltd, were also placed under statutory management.
On 11 May 2011, Allan and Jean Hubbard filed judicial review
proceedings in the Timaru High Court to challenge the decision to place
them into statutory management.
Two other assessments of the statutory management were also released
in September 2011. On 6 September 2011, Kerry Grass released a report to
the Government. Businessman Tur Borren also provided a report on the statutory management.
After an independent review of the statutory management organised by
the Registrar of Companies, Jean Hubbard was released from statutory
management on 11 November 2011.
In May 2012, Statutory managers Grant Thornton reported that
investors in Hubbard Management Funds were owed $82 million, and the
fund was valued at $44.8m. Grant Thornton asked the High Court to decide
how to distribute the fund given the lack of a prospectus and gven that
the ‘largely fictional’ investor statements had not been reconciled to
investment assets for three years.
Serious Fraud Office investigation
On 20 June 2011, the Serious Fraud Office announced that it had laid
fifty charges of alleged fraud under sections 220, 242 and 260 of the
Crimes Act against Alan Hubbard in the Timaru District Court.
On 9 September 2011, the Timaru District Court made an order
permanently staying the prosecutions in light of Mr Hubbard’s death.
On 6 September 2011, Kerry Grass Investigation Summary report was
released ( it was presented to the NZ Government 9 days prior to Allan
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Shrinivas Vinayak Khale, also known as Khale Kaka, was an Indian composer/music director from Maharashtra, India died he was 85.. He was one of the most respected artists in the Marathi music industry for over six decades. He was the recipient of Padma Bhushan award in 2010
(30 April 1926 – 2 September 2011)
Khale Kaka’s compositions include numerous song in five languages –
Marathi, Hindi, Bengali, Gujarati and Sanskrit. He recorded 141 poems
and composed music for six Marathi films (Yanda Kartavya Ahe-1956, Bolki Bahauli-1961, Palsala Pane Teen-year not known, Jivhala-1968, Porki-1970, and Sobati-1971 ; A film Laxmi Pujan-1952 was never released). He also provided music to theatrical plays Paanigrahan, Vidushak and Devache paay during his stint in Akashwani, Mumbai.
Kaka worked with many artists in the industry, including Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosale,
Usha Mangeshkar, Suman Kalyanpur, Sulochana Chavan, Shobha Gurtu,
Kavita Krishnamurthy, Veena Shahastrabuddhe, Devki Pandit, Madhurani,
Pandit Bhimsen Joshi, Panditt Vasantrao Deshpande, Pandit Ulhas
Kashalkar, Sadhana Sargam, Dr. Balamurali Krishnan, Talat Mahmood,
Hridaynath Mangeshkar, Manna Dey, Bhupender Singh, Mahendra Kapoor,
Suresh Wadkar, Arun Date and more. He had also worked with his daughters
and other young artists for balgeete (songs for kids) in his stint.
Kaka was also the only musician to bring along two Bharat Ratna recipient singers, Lata Mangeshkar and Pandit Bhimsen Joshi for a Hindi bhajan (devotional song) album Ram Shyam Gun Gaan.
His last album “Nath Maza Mi Nathancha” was released in September 2009
which includes Abhangas and Bhaktigeetas by Saint Krishnadas.
Khale’s family origins are from a village called Parali in Kokan-Raigad zilla, Maharashtra,
India. His father was Vinayak Kashinath Khale, and mother was Laxmi
Vinayak Khale. His elder brother, Kashinath Khale, influenced his choice
of a career in music.
His family moved to Baroda, where Khale began his music lessons with Kanchanlal, a Gujrati music teacher. He continued then with Pt. Bansilal Bharati, Gulam Rasool, Aftaab e Mousiqui Faiyaaz Khan Sahab, Ustad Atta Hussainkhan and then Pt. Madhusudan Joshi. It was from the latter two that he learned the Agra gharana gayaki.
He began his journey as a music director for All India Radio (AIR) in 1945. He went on his first Gujarati recording of Talat Mahmood in Gramaphone Company India Limited in 1950.
He had left home to pursue his career in music from Baroda. In 1970 Shrinivas Khale – Ek Sankalan by Mauj Publishers was released for completing 25 years as a successful music director. He was profiled in Who’s Who London (1978), Voice of America (1988), Radio Sydney, Australia (2000). In 2009 Datta Marulkar wrote a book Antaryami Surr Gavasala about Khale.
- (2011) Hridayesh Arts by Shri. Sushil Kumar Shinde
- (2010) Shankaracharya, Sawan Kumar Tak (director), Governor of Maharashtra K. Shankarnarayanan at Raj Bhavan, Mumbai
- (2010) BK Bhagat Pratishthan members of Thane
- (2008) Mr. Kumar Ketkar, chief editor of Loksatta (marathi newspaper) and Hridayesh Arts
- (2006) Dainik Lokmat by Mr Vilasrao Deshmukh
- (2005) Ram Gabale (marathi film director)
- (2005) Hridayesh Arts by Bharat Ratna Gansamradni Lata Mangeshkar
- (2000) Atharva Pratishthan by Shiv Sena Pramukh Shri Balasaheb Thakrey
- (1995) Suvarna Tabakadi / Golden Disc by Shri Naushad Ali through Hridayesh Arts
- (1993) Shrimati Lata Mangeshkar Puraskar from Governor of Maharashtra P.C.Alexander at Raj Bhavan, Mumbai
- (1991) Swaryatri Samaj Gaurav by Guruprathistan Mumbai on Doordarshan
- (2010) Padma Bhushan Awards (2010–2019)
- (2010) Big Marathi Music Award for “Best Music Director”
- (2009) Sarva Shreshtha Puraskar
- (2008) Swarna Ratna Puraskar and Music Director Datta Davjekar Puraskar
- (2007) Sangeet Ratna Puraskar
- (2007) Worldspace honour for outstanding contribution to Marathi music as Composer
- (2006) Jeevan Gaurav Puraskar
- (2003) Dadasaheb Phalke Trust Award
- (2003) Samanvay Pratishthan Puraskar, Sudhir Phadke Puraskar, Bal Gandharva Puraskar
- (2000) Mahalaxmi Puraskar
- (1995) Golden Disc for completing 50 years in field of music
- (1993) Lata Mangeshkar Award
- (1970) Sur Sringar Puraskar
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Noramfaizul Mohd Nor, Malaysian television camera operator (Bernama), died from gun shot woundt he was
The death of Noramfaizul Mohd Nor is about the first journalist from Malaysia to be fatally injured while on a dangerous assignment abroad. The attack occurred on 2 September 2011 in Mogadishu, Somalia, while Noramfaizul was reporting for Bernama TV on a humanitarian mission organized by the Islamic charity Kelab Putera 1Malaysia. He was killed by a high-caliber bullet fired by a sniper, while traveling in convoy back to its base at the airport.
Following the 2011 East Africa drought, various humanitarian organizations were mobilized and efforts were made in response to the famine in the Horn of Africa region. With an estimated population of 9.3 million people, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs estimates that four million Somalis would require some type of humanitarian assistance. The relief efforts were complicated by a civil war in Somalia. The African Union created the African Union Mission in Somalia
peacekeeping force to separate the transitional government forces of
Somalia from the al-Shabaab insurgents. The mission became embroiled in
the Somali Civil War and the Battle of Mogadishu, which had begun in August 2010.
In September 2011, Islamic charity Kelab Putera 1Malaysia, also known
as Putera 1Malaysia Club, mobilized humanitarian efforts to support the
people located in the coastal Benadir region. A refugee crisis occurred as Somalis fled seeking relief. Noramfaizul Mohd Nor, journalist and camera operator with Bernama, Malaysia’s national news agency was assigned to report on these efforts and ensuing mêlée.
Noramfaizul Mohd Nor
Prior to joining Bernama TV, he worked for the National Film of Malaysia, and later Metrovision
as a camera operator. While at National Film, he was assigned an aerial
photography task and declined to do the job when other camera operators
volunteered. The plane ended up crashing and killed the pilot and two
cameramen. He then left Filem Negara for Metrovision.
Noramfaizul worked for Bernama as a camera operator since 2002. Bernama is the Malaysia’s national news agency and is headquartered in Kuala Lumpur,
Malaysia. He worked for Bernama TV when it began as a separate service
in 2008. Following his death, Noramfaizul is survived by his wife and
At the time of the incident, Noramfaizul was traveling with other
journalists, back to their base at the airport. While stopped at the
busy Kilometer Four intersection in the capital city of Mogadishu,
Noramfaizul was fatally injured when he was shot by a high-caliber
bullet, fired by an unknown sniper. Aji Saregar Mazlan, a camera operator for TV3 (Malaysia), was sitting to the left of Noramfaizul in the vehicle and was injured in the same incident. The team had been scheduled to travel home on the following weekend. It was initially reported, though unproven, that African Union troops were involved.
The Associated Press reported that the African Union Mission in Somalia
was investigating whether its peacekeeping forces had shot at the
vehicle that carried the two Malaysian television journalists.
An eyewitness in the same vehicle with Noramfaizul and Aji wrote an
article for Bernama that said he saw AMISOM vehicles pass them after
The Malaysian Foreign Minister Datuk Seri Anifah Aman said the shot
originated from neither the transitional government forces nor the
Al-Shabaab insurgents. As a result, the Committee to Protect Journalists called on the African Union to investigate and to protect humanitarian missions.
Noramfaizul was the first Malaysian journalist to die in a conflict zone.
As a result, he received a hero’s burial in Malaysia. According to his
colleague Khairulanuar Yahaya, Noramfaizul had covered three other
humanitarian missions to Gaza, Pakistan and New Zealand for Bernama.
The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) lists Noramfaizul as the
35th journalist confirmed killed while reporting in Somalia since 1992,
while it notes that two reporters during that period are still
unconfirmed. According to the same source, the deadliest year in Somalia
during that period was 2009 when nine journalists were killed.
Reporters Without Borders
(RSF) released this statement about Noramfaizul’s death: “He joins the
long list of journalists killed in the course of their work in Somalia,
Africa’s deadliest country for media personnel with 23 killed since
2007.” By RSF’s count, it includes the two journalists unconfirmed by CPJ.
In response to controversy in Malaysia over Noramfaizul’s death in a
dangerous country, the Human Resources Ministry of Malaysia announced it
would work with media to develop guidelines for media personnel who
work in high risk areas. Noramfaizul’s death was cause for controversy
in Malaysia because people questioned whether the Putera 1Malaysia Club
had adequately warned the 55 people in the mission, which included
volunteers, doctors, air force personnel and media workers, about the
dangers and whether journalists were being adequately protected while
reporting in dangerous situations.
A spokesperson for the International Federation of Journalists
said, “It is simply unacceptable for an employer to send a media worker
to Somalia, which is known as one of the most dangerous countries in
the world for journalists, without proper training and equipment.” 
UNESCO, which frequently comments on the dangers facing journalists
worldwide, has not issued a public statement about the killing of
Noramfaizul in Somalia.
Datuk Abdul Azeez Abdul Rahim, president of the Putera 1Malaysia
Club, said, “His death will be recorded in the Bernama’s annals as a
selfless and heroic sacrifice of a true professional not only in the
course of his duty but also in the genuine pursuit of humanitarian
Datuk Yong Soo Heong, editor-in-chief at Bernama, said, “This is a
huge loss for Bernama because he was a committed person and never
neglected his duty. He had always shown a high level of professionalism
in his work.”[Full citation needed]
Tan Su Lin, a journalist for Astro Awani was sitting in front
of Noramfaizul on the front, right-hand corner of the four-wheel-drive
vehicle. She remembered this about her colleague, “I always (emphasis from original) teased him and called him ketua darjah (class monitor) as he had a way of keeping everyone in line. I didn’t expect it to end this way.”
Also sitting in the front seat in the middle between the driver
(left) and Tan (right) was TV journalist Khairulanuar Yahaya. He has so
far said that he cannot believe his fellow worker at Bernama TV was
Melissa Ong, TV journalist from NTV7, sat in the same vehicle with
Noramfaizul when he was shot. She was positioned in the back seat to the
left of Aji (middle) and Noramfaizul (far right). Ong shared this about
Noramfaizul, “Our last memory of him was the laughter we shared in the
car before the short journey back to our hostel. I will always treasure
that. I believe Abang Faizul would want us to continue our good work in
Somalia and I would like to return to set up an IDP camp in his honour.”
 “Abang” is a respectful, affectionate term, which means “older brother.”
Noramfaizul was given a hero’s burial at Universiti Putra Malaysia’s Muslim cemetery in Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia, which is outside of Kuala Lumpur.
In Malaysia, a t-shirt was made as a memorial keepsake that read,
“Noramfaizul anda wira kami,” which is translated, “Noramfaizul, you are
our hero” with “Bernama TV” above the pocket area of the shirt.
Malacca Governor, Mohd. Khalil Yaakob, during 73rd birthday
investiture ceremony, conferred him the posthumous Gallantry Star of
Malacca (BGP). His spouse, Norazrina Jaafar, received the posthumous
award on behalf of her late husband.
She thank the Government of Malacca, Malaysia, for recognising him as
a hero of Malacca. Her late husband is the first recipient of the BGP
award since it was created in 1978.
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Jehangir Sabavala was an Indian painter died he was 89..
Early life and education
Jehangir Ardeshir Sabavala was born to an affluent Parsi family in Bombay (now Mumbai), India. His mother belonged to the aristocratic Cowasjee Jehangir family. He studied at Cathedral and John Connon School, Elphinstone College, and earned a diploma from Mumbai’s Sir J. J. School of Art in 1944. Thereafter he went to Europe and studied at the Heatherley School of Fine Art, London, (1945-47), and in Academie Andre Lhote, Paris (1948-51), the Académie Julian (1953-54), and finally at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière in 1957.
Sabavala did not allow archives of his 12 scrapbooks on materials from the early 1940s to the 2000 online. Arun Khopkar’s film on Sabavala’s life and art, Colours of Absence, won the National Award in 1994. In 2010, another film about his life was made, The Inheritance of Light: Jehangir Sabavala. His last solo exhibition, ‘Ricorso’, was held at the Sakshi Gallery, Mumbai, in 2008.
- Padma Shri by the Government of India – 1977 
- Lalit Kala Ratna, the Fellowship of Lalit Kala Akademi, India’s National Academy of Arts, by the President of India – 2007
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(3 October 1916 – 2 September 2011)
Smith was born in Balmain, Sydney
to Charles Smith and Rose Anne Tierney on 3 October 1916. In 1941, he
married his first wife, Kate Challis, who died in 1989. Smith married
his second wife, Margaret Forster, in 1995.
Smith was educated at the University of Sydney. Between 1935 and 1944 he taught in the NSW Department of Education. After that he served as an education officer for the Art Gallery of NSW country art exhibitions programme from 1944. In 1948, he won a scholarship to study at the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, University of London.
On his return to Australia in 1951, Smith returned to his position at
the art gallery. In 1952, Smith was awarded a research scholarship at
the newly established Australian National University, where he completed a PhD.
He was a lecturer and then a senior lecturer in the University of Melbourne‘s Fine Arts Department (1955–1963). In 1959, he convened a group of seven emerging figurative painters known as the Antipodeans, which organised its only exhibition in August 1959. Between 1963 and 1966, he worked as an art critic for The Age newspaper, Melbourne.
In 1967, the Smiths moved to Sydney, where Smith became the founding Professor of Contemporary Art and Director of the Power Institute of Fine Arts, University of Sydney, a position he held until his retirement in 1977.
In 1977, the Smiths returned to Melbourne, and Smith became the president of the Australian Academy of the Humanities, until 1980. Later, he was a professorial fellow in the department of Art History at the University of Melbourne.
Smith was a recipient, Chevalier, of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres.
- Place, Taste and Tradition: a study of Australian art since 1788 Sydney: Ure Smith, 1945 (reprinted Melbourne: OUP, 1979)
- A Catalogue of Australian Oil Paintings in the National Art Gallery of New South Wales 1875-1952 Sydney: The Gallery, 1953
- European Vision and the South Pacific, 1768-1850: a study in the history of art and ideas Oxford, Eng.: Clarendon Press, 1960 (reprinted 1985)
- Australian Painting Today: The John Murtagh Macrossan memorial lecture, 1961 St. Lucia, Qld: Queensland University Press, 1962
- Australian Painting, 1788-2000 Melbourne: Oxford University
Press, 1962 (updated 1971; updated 1991 with Terry Smith; & update
2001 with Christopher Heathcote)
- The Architectural Character of Glebe, Sydney (with Kate Smith), Sydney: University Co-operative Bookshop Press, 1973 (reprinted 1985)
- Concerning Contemporary Art: the Power lectures, 1968-1973 (ed.) Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975
- Documents on Art and Taste in Australia: the colonial period, 1770-1914 (ed.) Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1975
- The Antipodean Manifesto: essays in art and history Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1975
- Art as Information: reflections on the art from Captain Cook’s voyages Sydney: Sydney University Press, 1979
- The Spectre of Truganini Sydney: Australian Broadcasting Commission, 1980
- The Boy Adeodatus: the portrait of a lucky young bastard Ringwood, Vic.: Allen Lane, 1984 (reprinted 1985, 1994)
- The Art of Captain Cook’s Voyages (with Rüdiger Joppien) Melbourne: Oxford University Press, three volumes, 1985–1987
- The Death of the Artist as Hero: essays in history and culture Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1988
- The Art of the First Fleet and Other Early Australian Drawings (eds Bernard Smith and Alwyne Wheeler), Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1988
- Baudin in Australian Waters: the artwork of the French voyage of discovery to the southern lands 1800-1804 (eds J. Bonnemains, E. Forsyth and B. Smith) Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1988
- Terra Australis: the furthest shore (eds W. Eisler and B. Smith) Sydney: International Cultural Corporation of Australia, 1988
- The Critic as Advocate: selected essays 1941-1988 Melbourne: Oxford University Press Australia, 1989
- Imagining the Pacific in the Wake of the Cook Voyages Carlton, Vic.: Melbourne University Press at the Miegunyah Press, 1992
- Noel Counihan: artist and revolutionary Melbourne; New York: Oxford University Press, 1993
- Poems 1938-1993 Carlton, Vic.: Meanjin, 1996
- Modernism’s History: a study in twentieth-century art and ideas New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998
- A Pavane for Another Time Sydney: Macmillan, 2002
- The Formalesque Melbourne: Macmillian, 2007 (forthcoming)
Selected essays and articles
- ‘European vision and the south pacific’ Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 8 (1950) 65-100
- ‘Coleridge’s Ancient Mariner and Cook’s second voyage’ Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 19 (1956) 117-152
- “Art Historical Studies in Australia with Comments on Research and Publication since 1974″. Proceedings of the Australian Academy of the Humanities 12 (1982–83): 44–73. Retrieved 2009-02-18.
- “Sir Joseph Burke, 1913-1992″. Proceedings of the Australian Academy of the Humanities 17 (1992): 46–49. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
- ‘Modernism and post-modernism: neo-colonial viewpoint—concerning the
sources of modernism and post-modernism in the visual arts’ Thesis Eleven 38 (1994) 104-117
- ‘Modernism, post-modernism and the formalesque’, Editions 20 (1994) 9-11
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Liu Huang A-tao, Taiwanese activist, first comfort woman to sue Japan for compensation, died from a heart attack she was 90.
Liu Huang A-tao was a Taiwanese activist. She was one of thousands of women from Japanese occupied Taiwan who were forced into sexual slavery as comfort women by the Japanese military during World War II died from a heart attack she was 90.. Liu Huang became the first Taiwanese woman to sue the Japanese government for compensation and a public apology in 1999, a move which united her with eight other comfort women survivors. Her public campaign and push for compensation earned her the nickname, Grandma A-tao.
World War II captivity
Liu Huang, who was 19 years old at the time, entered into the Japanese nursing corps in 1942 during World War II. She was promised work as a nurse
in the medical field for the Japanese forces, but instead was pressed
into sexual slavery as a comfort woman for Japanese troops. Liu Huang was sent to Indonesia where she was immediately forced to work at a battlefield brothel as a comfort woman as soon as she departed the transport ship. She was seriously wounded during heavy fighting just three days after her arrival in Indonesia. Liu Huang had to have a hysterectomy owing to the extent of her injuries. She survived, but was forced to work as a comfort woman for the Japanese for the next three years despite her extensive wounds.
Liu Huang returned to Taiwan in 1945 after the Surrender of Japan and the end of World War II. However, she kept experiences as a comfort woman a secret following the war. Liu Huang married a retired Taiwanese soldier and adopted a child with her husband. However, her experience as a comfort woman left a deep emotional scar.
The experiences of survivors of the comfort women program were largely ignored for decades in post-war Asia. The issue finally emerged into the public sphere during the 1980s, when a group of survivors in neighboring South Korea filed several lawsuits against the Japanese government.
Documents were uncovered in 1991 which forced the Japanese government
to issue an apology and “remorse to all those, irrespective of place of
origin, who suffered immeasurable pain and incurable psychological
wounds” to Korean comfort women.
Liu Huang, who had remained largely silent about her own experiences
for decades, was encouraged by the actions of the former South Korean
comfort women. In 1995, Japan tried to quietly pay former comfort women
compensation for war crimes committed against them through a program called the “Asian Women’s Fund.” Most survivors refused the private offer. That same year, Liu Huang, who was inspired by the South Korean legal movement, began meeting other Taiwanese survivors through the Taipei Women’s Foundation, an organization aimed at advocating the rights of former comfort women.
In 1999, Liu Huang became the first former Taiwanese comfort woman to file an international lawsuit against the Japanese government and publicly demand an apology for her forced imprisonment and sexual slavery during the war. Her lawsuit united her with eight fellow Taiwanese comfort women survivors.
When asked about her experience, she replied, “It is not us, but the
Japanese government that should feel ashamed,” echoing the slogans of the South Korean women who had sued during the 1980s.
Each of Liu Huang’s lawsuits were dismissed in the Japanese courts, beginning in 2002 with the loss of her first case.
In an interview about the dismissals, Liu Huang told a journalist, “We
are all cherished daughters in the eyes of our parents. Since the Japanese army robbed us of our virginity, it is not too much to demand an apology from such a government.”
The Taipei Women’s Rescue Foundation, which supported Liu Huang,
changed tactics and collaborated with legal groups in Japan and South
Korea to advocate for legislation in the Diet to address the comfort women’s grievances. The proposal for compensation was introduced to parliament by the Democratic Party of Japan, which was the main opposition party at the time, but the legislation was defeated. Liu Huang’s most recent lawsuit was filed in 2010 in Tokyo and the case is still pending, as of September 2011. Liu Huang died in 2011 having never received an apology from Japan during her lifetime.
Liu Huang A-tao, or Grandma A-tao, died from a heart attack on September 1, 2011, at the age of 90. Her death leaves just ten surviving Taiwanese comfort women, who are still waiting for an apology. Her funeral was held on September 10, 2011, in the southern city of Kaohsiung, Taiwan. The city of Taipei has announced plans to build a memorial to the women in Datong District, Taipei.
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