Cliff Brittle, English sports administrator, Chairman of the Rugby Football Union (1996–1998), died he was 69.
(1952 – 11 September 2011)
Brittle first played rugby as a student while at Longton High School, and as a senior played for Old Longtonians, Stoke on Trent and most notably for Sale.
He also played county rugby for Staffordshire.In 1996 he took the post
of Chairman of the Rugby Football Union, the year after the game of
rugby union adopted professionalism. In his role of Chairman, Brittle
appointed Fran Cotton as vice-chairman who in turn recommended Clive Woodward as England head coach.
Brittle’s time in office was turbulent; he resisted attempts by club
owners and the media to overpay players in a rushed attempt to cash in
on the professional era. This caused Brittle to be vilified by sections
of the media, and in 1998 Cotton resigned when Brittle was excluded from
talks between the English clubs and the RFU.
To see more of who died in 2011 click here
Christian Bakkerud was a Danish racing driver, who competed in the 2007 and 2008 GP2 Series seasons, albeit hindered by a recurrent back injury died from injuries sustained in a car accident he was 26.. Prior to GP2 he competed in British Formula Three and Formula BMW.
(November 3, 1984 – September 11, 2011)
Bakkerud competed in British Formula Three
in 2005 and 2006. Having finished seventh in the championship in 2005,
he improved to sixth place in 2006, and also scored his first series win
for Carlin at Mugello in 2006 – arguably his career highlight. During
this time he also competed in the Macau Grand Prix and the Ultimate Masters of Formula Three race.
Bakkerud took part in the 2007 GP2 Series season for the DPR team, paired with Spaniard Andy Soucek.
The season was disappointing, as Bakkerud failed to score any points.
He also suffered back injuries, trapping nerves whilst racing on two
He moved to the Super Nova team for the 2008 GP2 Asia Series, reinforcing his unlucky reputation by retiring from all but three of the races. He remained for the 2008 GP2 Series proper, he suffered a recurrence of his back injury after a collision with Ben Hanley in the first race. He was replaced by Soucek whilst he recovered, and made his return to the cockpit at Monaco, after missing the championship round at Istanbul. He crashed at the start of the sprint race at Monaco, briefly going airborne after hitting Kamui Kobayashi. He did not suffer a recurrence of his back injury despite a heavy landing.
However, the injury flared up once more following a testing session,
and he withdrew from the rest of the season on medical grounds. He was
replaced by Soucek.
In 2009, Bakkerud raced in the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters in a two-year-old Audi A4 for Futurecom-TME.
Bakkerud also made his Le Mans début in 2009, driving an Audi R10 TDI privately entered by Colin Kolles‘s team. Paired with Christijan Albers and Giorgio Mondini, he finished ninth overall and in class. He returned to the event in 2010 with the same team and car, but on this occasion he, Albers and Oliver Jarvis failed to finish.
Bakkerud retired from driving following the 2010 Le Mans race. In the
year prior to his death, he worked as an import manager at a shipping
On September 10, 2011, Bakkerud was involved in a car crash at the Tibbet’s Corner roundabout at Putney Heath, near Wimbledon Common. He died a day later, in St George’s Hospital, from his injuries. He was driving an Audi RS6 at the time of the accident; a police investigation is ongoing. Travelling south on the A219 on Tibbet’s Ride from Putney Hill,
the car appeared to fail to negotiate a left turn into the large
roundabout itself and instead travelled onwards and hit a thick,
1.5-metre (4.9 ft) high concrete barrier on the inside of the dual lane
roundabout. The car then flipped over the barrier, fell down a steep
3-metre (9.8 ft) grass incline before smashing through the steel fence
separating the bridleway and pedestrian/cyclist underpass routes. Crash
investigators used yellow spray paint to mark skid and impact points on
the road and where the car flipped over the barrier. The straight skid
marks showed his car crossed from nearside to inside lane, as the road
veered left at the roundabout entry, before it made a glancing blow on a
heavy steel crash barrier prior to the barrier impact some six metres later.
Within a week a large number of flower bouquets were left at the
location where the car came to rest. Police had also erected a yellow
sign appealing for witnesses, which stated the accident occurred at
about 6am on September 10.
Formula One team HRT, led by Colin Kolles, added a tribute to Bakkerud to the livery of their cars during the 2011 Singapore Grand Prix weekend. McLaren driver Lewis Hamilton also paid tribute to Bakkerud by wearing a helmet featuring his initials.
Complete GP2 Series results
(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)
|2007||David Price Racing||BHR
|2008||Super Nova Racing||ESP
Complete GP2 Asia Series results
(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)
|2008||Super Nova Racing||UAE1
Complete DTM results
(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)
24 Hours of Le Mans results
|2009||LMP1||15||M||Audi R10 TDI
Audi TDI 5.5L Turbo V12
|Kolles|| Christijan Albers
|2010||LMP1||15||M||Audi R10 TDI
Audi TDI 5.5L Turbo V12
|Kolles|| Oliver Jarvis
To see more of who died in 2011 click here
Douglas Allen, Baron Croham, British civil servant, Head of the Home Civil Service (1974–1977), died he was 93.
Douglas Albert Vivian Allen, Baron Croham was a British politician and civil servant died he was 93..
The son of Albert John Allen, Douglas Allen was only one when his father was killed in action during the First World War. Allen was educated at Wallington County Grammar School and at the London School of Economics (LSE), where he graduated with a Bachelor of Science in statistics in 1938. During the Second World War, from 1940 to 1945, he served in the Royal Artillery.
Having entered the British Civil Service, Allen worked in the Board of Trade between 1939 and 1947, and in Her Majesty’s Treasury between 1948 to 1958. In 1958, he became a Under-Secretary at the Ministry of Health, a post he held until 1960, when he changed to Her Majesty’s Treasury again. Made a Third Secretary in 1962 and a Permanent Secretary in 1966, he worked for the Department of Economic Affairs from 1964 to 1968. Allen was Permanent Secretary of Her Majesty’s Treasury from 1968 to 1974, and Permanent Secretary of the Civil Service Department and Head of the Home Civil Service from 1974 to 1977.
Allen was chairman of British National Oil Corporation (BNOC) from 1982 to 1986, of Guinness Peat Group from 1982 to 1987, and of Trinity Insurance Ltd from 1987 to 1992. He was president of the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS) between 1978 to 1992, and of the British Institute of Energy Economics between 1986 to 1994. For the Anglo-German Foundation
he was chairman from 1982 and 1998. Allen was governor of the London
School of Economics between 1977 and 2004 and of the Wallington County
Grammar School between 1993 and 2003. He was member of the First Division Association (FDA) and vice-president of the Anglo-German Association. He was also a member of the Institute of Directors and a companion of the British Institute of Management.
Allen was a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and was made an Honorary Doctor of Social Science (DSocSc) by the University of Southampton. In 1963, he was appointed a Commander of the Order of the Bath (CB), in 1967 a Knight Commander (KCB) and in 1973, a Knight Grand Cross (GCB). On 8 February 1978, he was created a life peer as Baron Croham, of the London Borough of Croydon.
Allen was married to Sybil Eileen Allegro from 1941 until 1994, when his wife died. They had two sons and a daughter.
Sir William Armstrong
|Head of the Home Civil Service
Sir Robert Armstrong
To see more of who died in 2011 click here
Kimberly Lawson for allegedly having sex with a
dog, a German Shepherd named Adam.
The dog’s owner Caroline Morris says she found out
about the abuse when her neighbors came and told
her what they saw.
“Saturday morning and he just said someone is
having sex with my dog, and I just could not
believe it and I said lets call 911 and that’s
what we did,” said Morris.” – Memphis
To see more of Whats on your mind click here
Early life and high school career
Chandler was born October 2, 1982 to a single mother. He and his two brothers, Terrell and Tervon, grew up in their family’s farm in Hanford, California, just south of Fresno, California.
Chandler began playing basketball at three years old on a basket
Chandler’s grandfather, Cleotis, fixed on a tree. Chandler grew up doing
farm work such as milking cows, slopping pigs, and cultivating crops.
At nine years old Chandler and his mother moved to San Bernadino, California;
he was already nearly six feet tall. As a child Chandler was teased
because of his height; children on his school basketball team joked that
he was older than he really was, and that he had been left back several
times in school.
Chandler and his family then moved to Compton, California, where he enrolled at Dominguez High School, a school known for its athletics, producing basketball players such as Dennis Johnson and Cedric Ceballos. In his freshman year, Chandler made the varsity team and played with future NBA player Tayshaun Prince, who was then a senior. With the Dominguez Dons, Chandler became a teenage sensation; current players such as DeMar DeRozan watched him play and claimed “he was like Shaq“. Milwaukee Bucks guard Brandon Jennings,
who was a ball boy for Dominguez at the time, said, “You’d see the
girls around Tyson, the Escalade he drove, and you wanted to be like
him,” Chandler earned accolades from Parade Magazine and USA Today, and was selected to the McDonald’s High School All-America Team. As a freshman, he was profiled on current affairs TV program 60 Minutes.
In his junior year, Chandler averaged 20 points, 12 rebounds, 6
assists and 3 blocks. In his senior year, Chandler led Dominguez to a
state championship and a 31-4 record, averaging 26 points, 15 boards,
and 8 blocks a game. Chandler was recruited by several universities and considered UCLA, Arizona, Syracuse, Memphis, Kentucky and Michigan. Chandler then declared for the 2001 NBA draft as a prep-to-pro.
Chicago Bulls (2001-2006)
Tyson Chandler was selected 2nd overall by the Los Angeles Clippers, who immediately traded his rights to the Chicago Bulls for former NBA Rookie of the Year Award recipient Elton Brand. The Bulls intended to pair Chandler with fellow high school phenomenon Eddy Curry
in the front court. However, while both players had stretches of
success during their time with the Bulls, they rarely coincided. In
Chandler’s case, back problems were a recurring issue throughout his
career, particularly during the 2003–04 season. During the early part of his career, Chandler feuded with Brendan Haywood of the Washington Wizards and Amar’e Stoudemire of the Phoenix Suns. Later, although the feuds became less frequent, Chandler struggled with foul trouble, which limited his playing time.
Chandler also played a major role in the resurgent Bulls’ playoff run in the 2004–05 season. Finding a role as a fourth-quarter defensive specialist, with notable game-saving blocks against stars like Paul Pierce and Carmelo Anthony, he was rewarded with a long-term deal to remain with the Chicago Bulls
for the next six years, reportedly worth close to $63 million. With
Curry’s departure after the 2004–05 season, Chandler became the last
member of the Bulls left from the Jerry Krause era.
During the 2005–2006 season,
Chandler’s biggest impact was on defense, but he struggled again with
foul problems and averaged only 5.3 points per game. Due in part to his
sub-par playoff performance and the Bulls’ signing of four-time Defensive Player of the Year Ben Wallace in the off-season after the 2005–2006 season, Bulls GM John Paxson
began to consider moving Chandler. On July 5, 2006, the Bulls and the
Hornets verbally agreed to a trade that would send Chandler to the New
Orleans Hornets in exchange for J.R. Smith and P.J. Brown. The deal was finalized the following week.
New Orleans Hornets (2006-2009)
In his first year in New Orleans, Chandler had a breakout season in
2006–2007, averaging 9.5 ppg and 12.4 rpg to go with 1.8 bpg.
Chandler followed that up with an even better season where he put up
11.7 points and 11.8 rebounds a game and led the league in offensive
rebounding. His defense, rebounding and the ability to connect with
Chris Paul on the Crescent City Connection (Name for their alleyoop
pass) allowed the Hornets to claim the 2007–08 Southwest division for
the first time ever with 56 wins. Chandler played well in the playoffs
and defended Tim Duncan valiantly but in the end the Hornets lost a
heartbreaking Game 7 where Chandler limited Duncan to 5–17 shooting.
Chandler was named to Team USA as the number 1 alternate to compete in the 2008 Beijing Olympics.
In 197 regular season games with the Hornets franchise, Chandler
averaged 10.2 ppg, 11.3 rpg and 1.4 bpg, while shooting 61.1% from the
field. On February 17, 2009, Chandler was traded to the Oklahoma City Thunder for Chris Wilcox, Joe Smith and the rights to DeVon Hardin.
However, he failed the physical because of a toe injury, and one day
later, the Thunder announced that they rescinded the trade.
Coincidentally, the doctor in Oklahoma City who failed Chandler on the
physical was the same doctor who had performed corrective surgery on the
toe two years earlier.
Charlotte Bobcats (2009-2010)
On July 28, 2009, he was traded to the Charlotte Bobcats in exchange for Emeka Okafor.
Chandler joined a Bobcats team that had never made the playoffs in
their young history. Chandler struggled with injuries in 2009–10,
missing more than a month with a stress fracture in his left foot.
Chandler still helped the Bobcats win 44 games and earn their first-ever
postseason berth. The Bobcats, led by Gerald Wallace and Stephen Jackson, made it to the playoffs as the seventh seed in the Eastern Conference, and went up against the Orlando Magic. Chandler had the task of defending Dwight Howard. Chandler limited Howard to 9 points and 9 rebounds per game, both below his season and career averages. The Bobcats were, however, swept in their first trip to the playoffs.
Dallas Mavericks (2010-2011)
On July 13, 2010, Chandler was traded to the Dallas Mavericks, along with Alexis Ajinça, in exchange for Matt Carroll, Erick Dampier and Eduardo Nájera. Chandler was expected to shine next to all-stars Dirk Nowitzki and point guard Jason Kidd.
Chandler quickly became a fan-favorite in Dallas because of his
defensive efforts and athleticism on both ends of the floor. He was
credited with making the Mavericks “tough” and anchoring the defense
with his hustle and intensity. The Mavericks went 57–25, earning the third seed in the western conference. They defeated a deep Portland Trail Blazers team in six games, swept Kobe Bryant and the Los Angeles Lakers, and defeated Kevin Durant and the Oklahoma City Thunder in 5 games. The Mavericks went in to the NBA Finals as an underdog, facing the Miami Heat and their “Big Three” of LeBron James, Dwyane Wade and Chris Bosh. Chandler was instrumental in the series, defensively stopping LeBron James‘ and Dwyane Wade‘s penetration to the rim. Chandler was forced to play major minutes because of an injury to backup center Brendan Haywood and the inexperience of Ian Mahinmi.
In game 5, Chandler recorded 13 points and 16 rebounds. In the decisive
game 6, Chandler recorded 13 points, 7 rebounds and 2 blocks, helping
the Mavericks win their first championship. For his defensive efforts throughout regular season, Chandler was selected to the All-Defensive Second Team.
New York Knicks (2011-present)
On December 9, 2011, Chandler announced that he agreed to terms on a four-year contract with the New York Knicks worth $58 million. He was officially acquired by the Knicks in a three-team sign-and-trade. On Opening Day, Christmas 2011, Chandler finished with 7 points, 3 rebounds, 2 assists and 6 blocks in a 106–104 win over the Boston Celtics.
Chandler finished the regular season with a 67.9% field goal percentage, the third highest in NBA history, exceeded only by Wilt Chamberlain in 1967 (68.26%) and 1973 (72.7%). He won the 2012 NBA Defensive Player of the Year Award with 45 first place votes and 311 points overall, ahead of Serge Ibaka of the Oklahoma City Thunder with 41 first place votes and 294 votes, and became the first ever Knick to win the award.
In May 2012, Chandler was named second team All-Defensive behind Ibaka and Dwight Howard of the Orlando Magic, who made first-team All-Defensive.
Although Chandler was voted Defensive Player of the Year by the press,
the All-Defensive Team is chosen by the league’s 30 head coaches (who
cannot vote for their own players). And while his 13 first-team votes
and 36 overall points were more than the totals for first-team
selections Tony Allen of the Memphis Grizzlies and Chris Paul of the Los Angeles Clippers, Howard received 41 points with 16 first-team votes, and only one center can be named to the team.
United States national team
- June 27, 2001: Drafted 2nd overall by Los Angeles Clippers in 2001 NBA Draft.
- June 27, 2001: Traded by L.A. Clippers along with Brian Skinner to the Chicago Bulls for Elton Brand.
- July 14, 2006: Traded by Chicago to the New Orleans Hornets for P.J. Brown and J.R. Smith.
- February 17, 2009: Traded by New Orleans to the Oklahoma City Thunder for Chris Wilcox, Joe Smith and the rights to DeVon Hardin.
- February 18, 2009: The Oklahoma City Thunder void their trade for Tyson Chandler, because he failed to pass a physical.
- July 28, 2009: The New Orleans Hornets traded Tyson Chandler to the Charlotte Bobcats in exchange for Emeka Okafor.
- July 13, 2010: Traded by Charlotte along with Alexis Ajinça to the Dallas Mavericks for Matt Carroll, Erick Dampier and Eduardo Nájera.
- December 9, 2011: Acquired by the New York Knicks in a three team trade
Until the age of 10, Chandler grew up on a farm in central California.
Chandler and his wife Kimberly organized a charity to help New Orleans families who suffered from Hurricane Katrina.
The charity helped purchase “small things” (as Chandler said) for the
families’ homes: TVs, stoves, microwaves, refrigerators, pots, pans etc.
The wives of Chandler’s teammates helped in the efforts.
His paternal grandmother is of German descent.
He was the subject of a limited edition 100 copy zine titled “Tyson Chandler”. The zine was created in fall 2011 by Camilla Venturini and the photographer Ari Marcopoulos, and was the subject of a lengthy article in the Wall Street Journal.
NBA career statistics
|GP||Games played||GS||Games started||MPG||Minutes per game|
|FG%||Field-goal percentage||3P%||3-point field-goal percentage||FT%||Free-throw percentage|
|RPG||Rebounds per game||APG||Assists per game||SPG||Steals per game|
|BPG||Blocks per game||PPG||Points per game||Bold||Career high|
To see more of Who Is click here
Did you know that Phelps took the record for the most first-place finishes at any single Olympic Games?
Did you know that Michael Fred Phelps II is the most decorated Olympian of all time with 22 medals?
Did you know that Phelps holds the all-time records for 18 gold medals , and 11Olympic medals in individual events for a male (13).
Did you know that in 2008 Beijing Games Phelps won eight gold medals?
Did you know that Phelps took the record for the most first-place finishes at any single Olympic Games?
Did you know that five of those victories were in individual events, tying the single Games record?
Did you know that in the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, Phelps won four golds and two silver medals?
Did you know that Phelps is the long course world record holder in the 100-meter butterfly, 200-meter butterfly and 400-meter individual medley as well as the former long course world record holder in the 200-meter freestyle and 200-meter individual medley?
Did you know that Phelps has won a total of 71 medals in major international long-course
competition, 57 gold, 11 silver, and three bronze spanning the Olympics,
the World, and the Pan Pacific Championships?
Now if you didn’t know, now you know…
To see more did you know that trivia click here
Who is Usain St. Leo Bolt? The sports world knows him as Usain Bolt, Bolt is a Jamaican sprinter widely known as the fastest man ever. He is the first man to hold both the 100 metres and 200 metres world records. Along with his teammates, he also set the world record in the 4×100 metres relay. He is the reigning Olympic champion in these three events, and a five-time World and five-time Olympic gold medalist. He also is the first man ever to defend both the 100 m and 200 m title at consecutive Olympics.
His 2009 record breaking margin for 100 m, from 9.69 (his own previous world record) to 9.58, is the highest since the start of fully automatic time measurements. His achievements in sprinting have earned him the media nickname “Lightning Bolt”, and awards including the IAAF World Athlete of the Year, Track & Field Athlete of the Year, and Laureus Sportsman of the Year. SportsPro has rated Usain Bolt as the fourth most marketable athlete in the world.
Bolt was born on 21 August 1986 in Sherwood Content, a small town in Trelawny, Jamaica, and grew up with his parents, Wellesley and Jennifer Bolt, his brother Sadeeki, and his sister Sherine. His parents ran the local grocery store in the rural area, and Bolt spent his time playing cricket and football in the street with his brother, later saying, “When I was young, I didn’t really think about anything other than sports”.
As a child, he attended Waldensia Primary and All-age School, and it
was here that he first began to show his sprinting potential, running in
the annual national primary-schools’ meeting for his parish. By the age of twelve, Bolt had become the school’s fastest runner over the 100 metres distance.
Upon his entry to William Knibb
Memorial High School, Bolt continued to focus on other sports, but his
cricket coach noticed Bolt’s speed on the pitch and urged him to try track and field events. Pablo McNeil, a former Olympic sprint athlete, and Dwayne Jarrett coached Bolt, encouraging him to focus his energy on improving his athletic abilities. The school had a history of success in athletics with past students, including sprinter Michael Green. Bolt won his first annual high school championships medal in 2001, taking the silver medal in the 200 metres with a time of 22.04 seconds.
McNeil soon became his primary coach, and the two enjoyed a positive
partnership, although McNeil was occasionally frustrated by Bolt’s lack
of dedication to his training and his predisposition to practical jokes.
Performing for Jamaica in his first Caribbean regional event, Bolt clocked a personal best of 48.28 s in the 400 metres in the 2001 CARIFTA Games, winning a silver medal. The 200 m also yielded a silver as Bolt finished in 21.81 s.
He made his first appearance on the world stage at the 2001 IAAF World Youth Championships in Debrecen, Hungary. Running in the 200 m event, he failed to qualify for the finals, but he still set a new personal best of 21.73 s.
Bolt still did not take athletics or himself too seriously, however,
and he took his mischievousness to new heights by hiding in the back of a
van when he was supposed to be preparing for the 200 m finals at the
CARIFTA Trials. He was detained by the police for his practical joke,
and there was an outcry from the local community, which blamed coach
McNeil for the incident.
However, the controversy subsided, and both McNeil and Bolt went to the
CARIFTA Games, where Bolt set championship records in the 200 m and
400 m with times of 21.12 s and 47.33 s, respectively. He continued to set records with 20.61 s and 47.12 s finishes at the Central American and Caribbean Junior Championships.
Bolt is one of only 8 athletes, (along with Valerie Adams, Veronica Campbell-Brown, Jacques Freitag, Yelena Isinbayeva, Jana Pittman, Dani Samuels) to win world championships at the youth, junior, and senior level of an athletic event. Former Prime Minister P. J. Patterson recognised Bolt’s talent and arranged for him to move to Kingston, along with Jermaine Gonzales, so he could train with the Jamaica Amateur Athletic Association (JAAA) at the University of Technology, Jamaica.
Rise to prominence
The 2002 World Junior Championships
before a home crowd in Kingston, Jamaica, gave Bolt a chance to prove
his credentials on the world stage. By the age of 15, he had grown to
1.96 metres (6 ft 5 in) tall, and he physically stood out amongst his
peers. He won the 200 m, in a time of 20.61 s, 0.03 seconds slower than his personal best of 20.58 s set in the 1st round. Bolt’s 200 m win made him the youngest world-junior gold medalist ever.
The expectation from the home crowd had made him so nervous that he had
put his shoes on the wrong feet. However, it turned out to be a
revelatory experience for Bolt as he vowed never again to let himself be
affected by pre-race nerves. As a member of the Jamaican sprint relay team, he also took two silver medals and set national junior records in the 4×100 metres and 4×400 metres relay, running times of 39.15 s and 3:04.06 minutes respectively.
The flow of medals continued as he won four gold medals at the 2003 CARIFTA Games, and was awarded the Austin Sealy Trophy for the most outstanding athlete of the games. He won another gold at the 2003 World Youth Championships. He set a new championship record in the 200 m with a time of 20.40 s, despite a 1.1 m/s head wind. Michael Johnson,
the 200 m world-record holder, took note of Bolt’s potential but
worried that the young sprinter might be over-pressured, stating, “It’s
all about what he does three, four, five years down the line”. Bolt had also impressed the athletics hierarchy, and he received the IAAF Rising Star Award for 2002.
Bolt turned his main focus to the 200 m and equalled Roy Martin‘s world junior record of 20.13 s at the Pan-American Junior Championships.
This performance attracted interest from the press, and his times in
the 200 m and 400 m led to him being touted as a possible successor to
Johnson. Indeed, at sixteen years old, Bolt had reached times that
Johnson did not register until he was twenty, and Bolt’s 200 m time was
superior to Maurice Greene‘s season’s best that year.
In his final Jamaican High School Championships in 2003, he broke
both the 200 m and 400 m records with times of 20.25 s and 45.30 s,
respectively. Bolt’s runs were a significant improvement upon the
previous records, beating the 200 m best by more than half a second and
the 400 m record by almost a second.
Bolt was growing more popular in his homeland. Howard Hamilton, who
was given the task of Public Defender by the government, urged the JAAA
to nurture him and prevent burnout, calling Bolt “the most phenomenal sprinter ever produced by this island”.
His popularity and the attractions of the capital city were beginning
to be a burden to the young sprinter. Bolt was increasingly unfocused on
his athletic career and preferred to eat fast food, play basketball,
and party in Kingston’s club scene. In the absence of a disciplined
lifestyle, he became ever-more reliant on his natural ability to beat
his competitors on the track.
As the reigning 200 m champion at both the World Youth and World
Junior championships, Bolt hoped to take a clean sweep of the world
200 m championships in the Senior World Championships in Paris.
Bolt beat all comers at the 200 m in the World Championship trials, but
he was pragmatic about his chances and noted that, even if he did not
make the final, he would consider setting a personal best a success. However, he suffered a bout of conjunctivitis before the event, and it ruined his training schedule.
Realising he would not be in peak condition, the JAAA refused to let
him participate in the finals on the grounds that he was too young and
inexperienced. Bolt was dismayed at missing out on the opportunity, but
focused on getting himself in shape to gain a place on the Jamaican
Olympic team instead.
Even though he missed the World Championships, Bolt was awarded the
IAAF Rising Star Award for the 2003 season on the strength of his junior
Professional athletics career
Early professional career (2004–2007)
Under the guidance of new coach Fitz Coleman, Bolt turned professional in 2004, beginning with the CARIFTA Games in Bermuda.
He became the first junior sprinter to run the 200 m in under twenty
seconds, taking the world junior record outright with a time of 19.93 s. For the second time in the role, he was awarded the Austin Sealy Trophy for the most outstanding athlete of the 2004 CARIFTA Games. A hamstring injury in May ruined Bolt’s chances of competing in the 2004 World Junior Championships, but he was still chosen for the Jamaican Olympic squad. Bolt headed to the 2004 Athens Olympics with confidence and a new record on his side. However, he was hampered by a leg injury and was eliminated in the first round of the 200 metres with a disappointing time of 21.05 s. American colleges offered Bolt track scholarships on the strength of his performances, but the teenager from Trelawny refused them all, stating that he was content to stay in his homeland of Jamaica. Bolt instead chose the surroundings of the University of Technology, Jamaica,
as his professional training ground, staying with the university’s
primitive track and weight room that had served him well in his amateur
The year 2005 signalled a fresh start for Bolt in the form of a new coach, Glen Mills,
and a new attitude to athletics. Mills recognised Bolt’s potential and
aimed to cease the sprinter’s unprofessional approach to the sport.
Bolt began training with Mills in preparation for the upcoming
athletics season, partnering with more-seasoned sprinters such as Kim Collins and Dwain Chambers.
The year began well, and in July he knocked more than a third of a
second off the 200 m CAC Championship record with a run of 20.03 s, then registered his 200 m season’s best at London’s Crystal Palace, running in 19.99 s. Misfortune awaited Bolt at the next major event, the 2005 World Championships in Helsinki.
Bolt felt that both his work ethic and athleticism had much improved
since the 2004 Olympics, and he saw the World Championships as a way to
live up to expectations, stating, “I really want to make up for what
happened in Athens. Hopefully, everything will fall into place”. Bolt qualified with runs under 21 s, but he suffered an injury in the final, finishing in last place with a time of 26.27 s.
Injuries were preventing him from completing a full professional
athletics season, and the eighteen-year-old Bolt still had not proven
his mettle in the major world-athletics competitions.
Bolt was involved in a car accident in November, and although he
suffered only minor facial lacerations, his training schedule was
further upset. His manager, Norman Peart, made Bolt’s training less intensive, and he had fully recuperated the following week. Bolt had continued to improve his performances, and he reached the world top-5 rankings in 2005 and 2006.
Peart and Mills stated their intentions to push Bolt to do longer
sprinting distances with the aim of making the 400 m event his primary
event by 2007 or 2008. Bolt was less enthusiastic, and demanded that he
feel comfortable in his sprinting. He suffered another hamstring injury in March 2006, forcing him to withdraw from the 2006 Commonwealth Games in Melbourne, and he did not return to track events until May.
After his recovery, Bolt was given new training exercises to improve
flexibility, and the plans to move him up to the 400 m event were put on
Upon his return to competition, the 200 m remained his primary event, and he beat Justin Gatlin‘s meet record in Ostrava,
Czech Republic. Bolt had aspired to run under twenty seconds to claim a
season’s best but, despite the fact that bad weather had impaired his
run, he was happy to end the meeting with just the victory. However, a sub-20-second finish was soon his, as he set a new personal best of 19.88 s at the 2006 Athletissima Grand Prix in Lausanne, Switzerland, finishing behind Xavier Carter and Tyson Gay to earn a bronze medal.
Bolt had focused his athletics aims, stating that 2006 was a year to
gain experience. Also, he was more keen on competing over longer
distances, setting his sights on running regularly in both 200 m and
400 m events within the next two years. Bolt claimed his first major world medal two months later at the IAAF World Athletics Final in Stuttgart, Germany. He passed the finishing post with a time of 20.10 s, gaining a bronze medal in the process. The IAAF World Cup in Athens, Greece, yielded Bolt’s first senior international silver medal. Wallace Spearmon from the United States won gold with a championship record time of 19.87 s, beating Bolt’s respectable time of 19.96 s.
Further 200 m honours on both the regional and international stages
awaited Bolt in 2007. The young Jamaican yearned to run in the 100 metres, but coach Mills diverted his attention, stating that he could run the shorter distance if he broke the 200 m national record. In the Jamaican Championships, he ran 19.75 s in the 200 m, breaking the 36-year-old Jamaican record held by Don Quarrie by 0.11 s.
Mills complied with Bolt’s demand to run in the 100 m, and he was
entered to run the event at the 23rd Vardinoyiannia meeting in Rethymno, Crete.
In his debut tournament run, he set a personal best of 10.03 s, winning
the gold medal and feeding his enthusiasm for the event.
He built on this achievement at the 2007 World Championships in Osaka, Japan, winning a silver medal. Bolt recorded 19.91 s with a headwind of 0.8 m/s but this paled in comparison with Tyson Gay‘s time of 19.76 s, which set a new championship record.
The Jamaican national record fell when Bolt partnered with Asafa Powell, Marvin Anderson, and Nesta Carter in the 4×100 metres relay. However, their finish in 37.89 s was not enough to beat the Americans’ time of 37.78 s.
Bolt did not win any gold medals at the major tournaments in 2007, but
Mills felt that Bolt’s technique was much improved, pinpointing
improvements in Bolt’s balance at the turns over 200 m and an increase
in his stride frequency, giving him more driving power on the track.
The silver medals from the 2007 Osaka World Championships boosted
Bolt’s desire to run, and he took a more serious, more mature stance
towards his career. Bolt continued to develop in the 100 m, and he entered to run in the event at the Jamaica Invitational in Kingston. On 3 May 2008, Bolt ran a time of 9.76 s, aided by a tail wind of 1.8 m/s, considerably improving upon his previous personal best of 10.03 s. This was the second-fastest legal performance in the history of the event, second only to compatriot Asafa Powell‘s 9.74 s record set the previous year in Rieti, Italy. Rival Tyson Gay lauded the performance, praising Bolt’s form and technique especially. Michael Johnson, who was observing the race, said that he was shocked at how quickly he had improved over the 100 m distance. The Jamaican surprised even himself with the time, but coach Glen Mills remained confident that there was more to come.
Mills’ prediction came true before the end of the month when Bolt
established a new 100 m world record on 31 May 2008. Pushed on by a tail
wind of 1.7 m/s, Bolt ran 9.72 s at the Reebok Grand Prix held in the Icahn Stadium in New York City, breaking Powell’s record. The record time was even more remarkable in light of the fact that it was only his fifth senior run over the distance. Gay again finished second and said of Bolt “It looked like his knees were going past my face”. Commentators noted that Bolt appeared to have gained a psychological advantage over fellow Olympic contender Gay.
In June 2008, Bolt responded to claims that he was a lazy athlete,
saying that the comments were unjustified, and he trained hard to
achieve his potential. However, he surmised that such comments stemmed
from his lack of enthusiasm for the 400 metres event, and chose to not make the effort to train for distance running. Turning his efforts to the 200 m, Bolt proved that he could excel in multiple events—first setting the world-leading time in Ostrava, then breaking the national record for the second time with a 19.67 s finish in Athens, Greece.
Although Mills still preferred that Bolt focus on the longer distances,
the acceptance of Bolt’s demand to run in the 100 m worked for both
sprinter and trainer. Bolt was more focused in practice, and a training
schedule to boost his top speed and his stamina, in preparation for the
Olympics, had improved both his 100 m and 200 m times. His confidence was building, and he was sure that he would perform well in the upcoming Olympics.
2008 Summer Olympics
Bolt announced that he would double-up with the 100 metres and 200 metres events at the Beijing Summer Olympics, and the new 100 m world-record holder was the favourite to win both. Michael Johnson,
the 200 m and 400 m record holder, personally backed the sprinter,
saying that he did not believe that a lack of experience would work
against him. Bolt qualified for the 100 m final with times of 9.92 s and 9.85 s in the quarter-finals and semifinals, respectively.
In the Olympic 100 m final, Bolt broke new ground, winning in 9.69 s (unofficially 9.683 s) with a reaction time of 0.165 s. This was an improvement upon his own world record, and he was well ahead of second-place finisher Richard Thompson, who finished in 9.89 s.
Not only was the record set without a favourable wind (+0.0 m/s), but
he also visibly slowed down to celebrate before he finished and his
shoelace was untied. Bolt’s coach reported that, based upon the speed of Bolt’s opening 60 m, he could have finished with a time of 9.52 s. After scientific analysis of Bolt’s run by the Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics at the University of Oslo,
Hans Eriksen and his colleagues also predicted a sub 9.60 s time.
Considering factors such as Bolt’s position, acceleration and velocity
in comparison with second-place-finisher Thompson, the team estimated
that Bolt could have finished in 9.55±0.04 s had he not slowed to
celebrate before the finishing line.
Bolt stated that setting a record was not a priority for him, and
that his goal was just to win the gold medal, Jamaica’s first of the
2008 Games. Olympic medalist Kriss Akabusi
construed Bolt’s chest slapping before the finish line as showboating,
noting that the actions cost Bolt an even faster record time. IOC president Jacques Rogge also condemned the Jamaican’s actions as disrespectful.
Bolt denied that this was the purpose of his celebration by saying, “I
wasn’t bragging. When I saw I wasn’t covered, I was just happy”. Lamine Diack, president of the IAAF,
supported Bolt and said that his celebration was appropriate given the
circumstances of his victory. Jamaican government minister Edmund
Bartlett also defended Bolt’s actions, stating, “We have to see it in
the glory of their moment and give it to them. We have to allow the
personality of youth to express itself”.
Bolt then focused on attaining a gold medal in the 200 m event, aiming to emulate Carl Lewis‘ double win in the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics. Michael Johnson felt that Bolt would easily win gold but believed that his own world record of 19.32 s set at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta would remain intact at the Olympics. Bolt eased through the first and second rounds of the 200 m, jogging towards the end of his run both times. He won his semifinal and progressed to the final as the favourite to win. Retired Jamaican sprinter Don Quarrie praised Bolt, saying he was confident that Johnson’s record could be beaten. The following day, at the final, he won Jamaica’s fourth gold of the Games, setting a new world and Olympic record of 19.30 s.
Johnson’s record fell despite the fact that Bolt was impeded by a
0.9 m/s headwind. The feat made him the first sprinter since Quarrie to
hold both 100 m and 200 m world records simultaneously and the first
since the introduction of electronic timing. Furthermore, Bolt became the first sprinter to break both records at the same Olympics.
Unlike in the 100 m final, Bolt sprinted hard all the way to the
finishing line in the 200 m race, even dipping his chest to improve his
time. Following the race, “Happy Birthday” was played over the stadium’s sound system as his 22nd birthday would begin at midnight.
Two days later, Bolt ran as the third leg in the Jamaican 4×100 metres relay team, increasing his gold medal total to three. Along with teammates Nesta Carter, Michael Frater, and Asafa Powell, Bolt broke another world and Olympic record, their 37.10 s finish breaking the previous record by three tenths of a second.
Powell, who anchored the team to the finishing line, lamented the loss
of his 100 m record to Bolt but showed no animosity towards his Jamaican
rival, stating that he was delighted to help him set his third world
record. Following his victories, Bolt donated US$50,000 to the children of the Sichuan province of China to help those harmed by the 2008 Sichuan earthquake.
Bolt’s record-setting runs caused commentators not only to praise his
achievements but also to speculate about his potential to become one of
the most successful sprinters ever. Critics hailed his Olympic success as a new beginning for a sport that had long suffered through high-profile drug scandals.[dead link] The previous six years had seen the BALCO scandal, Tim Montgomery and Justin Gatlin stripped of their 100 m world records, and Marion Jones returning three Olympic gold medals. All three sprinters were disqualified from athletics after drugs tests detected banned substances in their systems. Bolt’s record-breaking performances caused suspicion among some commentators, including Victor Conte, and the lack of an independent Caribbean anti-doping federation raised more concerns.
The accusations of drug use were vehemently rejected by Glen Mills
(Bolt’s coach) and Herb Elliott (the Jamaican athletics team doctor).
Elliott, a member of the IAAF
anti-doping commission, urged those concerned about the issue to “come
down and see our programme, come down and see our testing, we have
nothing to hide”. Mills had been equally ardent that Bolt was a clean athlete, declaring to the Jamaica Gleaner: “We will test any time, any day, any part of the body…[he] doesn’t even like to take vitamins”.
Bolt stated that he had been tested four times prior to the Olympics,
and all had tested negative for banned substances. He also welcomed
anti-doping authorities to test him to prove that he was clean, stating,
“We work hard and we perform well and we know we’re clean”.
After the Olympics
The end of the 2008 athletics season saw Bolt compete in the ÅF Golden League, beginning in Weltklasse Zürich. Despite having the slowest start among his competitors in the 100 m race, he still crossed the finishing line in 9.83 s.
Even though the time was slower than both his newly set world record
and Asafa Powell’s track record, it was still among the top-fifteen
100 m finishes by any sprinter to that date.
Bolt admitted that he was not running at full strength, suffering from a
cold, but he had concentrated on both winning the race and finishing
the season in good health. At the Super Grand Prix final in Lausanne, Bolt ran his second-fastest 200 m with a time of 19.63 s, equalling Xavier Carter‘s track record.
However, it was the 100 m final, featuring Asafa Powell, that drew the
most interest. Powell had moved closer to Bolt’s world record after
setting a new personal best of 9.72 s, reaffirming his status as Bolt’s
main contender. Bolt’s final event of the season came three days later at the Golden League final in Brussels.
This was the first 100 m race featuring both Bolt and Powell since the
final in the Olympics. Both Jamaicans broke the track record, but Bolt
came out on top with a time of 9.77 s, beating Powell by 0.06 s.
Victory, however, did not come as smoothly as it had in Beijing. Bolt
made the slowest start of the nine competitors and had to recover ground
in cold conditions and against a 0.9 m/s headwind.
Yet the results confirmed Jamaican dominance in the 100 m, with nine of
the ten-fastest legal times in history being recorded by either Bolt or
Powell. On his return to Jamaica, Bolt was honoured in a homecoming celebration and received an Order of Distinction in recognition of his achievements at the Olympics.
He was selected as the IAAF Male Athlete of the year and won a Special Olympic Award for his performances.
However, Bolt turned his attention to future events, suggesting that he
could aim to break the 400 metres world record in 2010 as no major
championships were scheduled that year.
2009 Berlin World Championships
Bolt started the season competing over 400 metres in order to improve
his speed, winning two races and registering 45.54 s in Kingston, and windy conditions gave him his first sub-10 second finish of the season in the 100 m in March.
In late April Bolt suffered minor leg injuries in a car crash. However,
he quickly recovered following minor surgery and (after cancelling a
track meet in Jamaica) he stated that he was fit to compete in the 150 metres street race at the Manchester Great City Games. Bolt won the race in 14.35 s, the fastest time ever recorded for 150 m.
Despite not being at full fitness, he took the 100 and 200 m titles at
the Jamaican national championships, with runs of 9.86 s and 20.25 s
respectively. This meant he had qualified for both events at the 2009 World Championships.
Rival Tyson Gay suggested that Bolt’s 100 m record was within his
grasp, but Bolt dismissed the claim and instead noted that he was more
interested in Asafa Powell’s return from injury. Bolt defied unfavourable conditions at the Athletissima meet in July, running 19.59 seconds into a 0.9 m/s headwind and rain, to record the fourth fastest time ever over 200 m, one hundredth off Gay’s best time.
At the 2009 World Championships in August, Bolt eased through the
100 m heats, clocking the fastest ever pre-final performance of
The final was the first time Bolt and Gay had met in the season, and
Bolt improved his world record with a time of 9.58 s to win his first
World Championship gold medal. Taking over a tenth of a second off the
previous best mark, this was the largest ever margin of improvement in
the 100 m world record since the beginning of electronic timing. Gay finished with a time of 9.71 s, 0.02 s off Bolt’s 9.69 s world-record run in Beijing.
Although Gay withdrew from the second race of the competition, the
Jamaican once again produced world record-breaking form in the 200 metres final. He broke his own record by 0.11 seconds, finishing with a time of 19.19 seconds. He won the 200 m race by the biggest margin in World Championships history, even though the race had three other athletes running under 19.90 seconds, the greatest number ever in the event. Bolt’s pace impressed even the more experienced of his competitors; third-placed Wallace Spearmon complimented his speed, and former Olympic champion Shawn Crawford said “Just coming out there…I felt like I was in a video game, that guy was moving – fast”.
Bolt pointed out that an important factor in his performance at the
World Championships was his improved start to the races: his reaction
times in the 100 m (0.146) and 200 m (0.133) were significantly faster than those he had produced in his world record runs at the Beijing Olympics.
However, he, together with other members of Jamaican 4×100 m relay
team, fell short of their own world record of 37.10 s set at 2008 Summer Olympics by timing 37.31 s, which is, however, a championship record and the second fastest time in history at that date.
On the last day of the Berlin Championships, the governing Mayor of Berlin, Klaus Wowereit, presented Bolt with a 12-foot high section of the Berlin Wall
in a small ceremony, saying Bolt had shown that “one can tear down
walls that had been considered as insurmountable.” The nearly three-ton
segment will be delivered to Bolt’s training camp in Jamaica.
Several days after Bolt broke the world records in 100 and 200 metres events, Mike Powell, the world record holder in long jump
(8.95 metres set in 1991) argued that Bolt could become the first man
to jump over 9 metres, the long jump event being “a perfect fit for his
speed and height”. At the end of the season he was selected as the IAAF World Athlete of the Year for the second year running.
2010: Diamond League and broken streak
Early on in the 2010 outdoor season, Bolt ran 19.56 seconds in the
200 m in Kingston, Jamaica for the fourth-fastest run of all-time,
although he stated that he had no record breaking ambitions for the
forthcoming season. He took to the international circuit May with wins in East Asia at the Colorful Daegu Pre-Championships Meeting and then a comfortable win in his 2010 IAAF Diamond League debut at the Shanghai Golden Grand Prix. Bolt made an attempt to break Michael Johnson’s best time over the rarely competed 300 metres event at the Golden Spike
meeting in Ostrava. He failed to match Johnson’s ten-year-old record of
30.85 and suffered a setback in that his 30.97-second run in wet
weather had left him with an Achilles tendon problem.
On his return from injury a month later, he asserted himself with a
100 m win at the Athletissima meeting in Lausanne (9.82 seconds) and a
victory over Asafa Powell at Meeting Areva in Paris (9.84 seconds). Despite this run of form, he suffered only the second loss of his career in a 100 m final at the DN Galan.
Tyson Gay soundly defeated him with a run of 9.84 to Bolt’s
9.97 seconds, and the Jamaican reflected that he had slacked off in
training early in the season while Gay had been better prepared and in a
This marked Bolt’s first loss to Gay in the 100 m, which coincidentally
occurred in the same stadium where Powell had beaten Bolt for the first
time two years earlier.
2011 World Championships
Considered the overwhelming favourite to win in the 100 metres at the 2011 World Championships in Daegu,
Bolt was eliminated from the final, breaking “ridiculously early”
according to the starter in an interview for BBC Sport, and receiving a false start. Usain Bolt’s countryman, Yohan Blake won in a season best of 9.92 seconds. In the 200 m, Bolt cruised through to the final which he won in a time of 19.40s,
the fastest time in history never to be a World Record. Bolt also won
gold in 4×100 metres relay with team Jamaica setting a world record time
In June 2012, Usain Bolt won the 100 m race in Diamond League in 9.79 seconds.
2012 Summer Olympics
Before the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, Bolt came in second at the Jamaican trials in both 100 m and 200 m. However, at the Olympics, he won the 100 metres
gold medal with a time of 9.63 seconds, setting a new Olympic record
for that distance and defending his gold medal from the 2008 Beijing
Summer Olympics. He was followed by fellow Jamaican, Yohan Blake, who won silver with a time of 9.75 seconds. Following the race, seventh place finisher Richard Thompson of Trinidad and Tobago declared “There’s no doubt he’s the greatest sprinter of all time”, while USA Today
referred to Bolt as a Jamaican “national hero”, noting that his victory
came just hours before Jamaica was to celebrate the 50th anniversary of
its independence from the United Kingdom. With his 2012 win, Bolt became the first man to defend an Olympic sprint title since Carl Lewis in 1988, and only the third man in history. He followed up this impressive performance by defending his 200 metres gold medal with a time of 19.32 seconds, followed by second-placed Yohan Blake at 19.44 and bronze medalist Warren Weir at 19.84. With this, Bolt became the first man in history to defend both the 100 m and 200 m Olympic sprint titles.
Bolt expresses a love for dancing and his character is frequently described as laid-back and relaxed.[dead link] Bolt’s Jamaican track and field idols include Herb McKenley and former Jamaican 100 m 200 m world record holder, Don Quarrie. Michael Johnson, the former 200 m world and Olympic record holder, is also held in high esteem by Bolt. The first sport to interest him was cricket and he said if he was not a sprinter he would be a fast bowler instead. As a child he was a supporter of the Pakistani cricket team and admired the bowling of Waqar Younis. He is also a fan of Indian batsman Sachin Tendulkar, West Indian opener Chris Gayle and Australian opener Matthew Hayden. During a charity cricket match Bolt clean-bowled Chris Gayle. Gayle was complimentary of Bolt’s pace and swing.
Bolt also struck a six off Chris Gayle’s bowling. Another bowler
complimentary of Bolt’s pace was former West Indies fast-bowling great Curtly Ambrose.
Bolt has also expressed his love for football and is a fan of Manchester United as well as Real Madrid. Bolt has also declared he is a fan of Dutch striker Ruud van Nistelrooy. Following a race in Manchester, he met the team at their training ground and offered Portuguese national Cristiano Ronaldo some sprinting advice. Bolt was a special guest of Manchester United at the 2011 UEFA Champions League final in London, where he stated he’d like to play for them after he retires.
Sponsorships and advertising work
After winning the 200 m title in the 2002 World Junior Championships in Kingston, Jamaica, Bolt signed a sponsorship deal with Puma. To promote Bolt’s chase for Olympic glory in the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China, Puma released a series of videos including Bolt’s then-world-record-setting run in Icahn Stadium and his Olympic preparations. After his world record breaking run in New York City, which was preceded by a lightning storm, the press frequently made puns on the Jamaican’s name, nicknaming him “Lightning Bolt” and the “Bolt from the blue“.[dead link]
During the Beijing 2008 100 m final, Bolt wore golden Puma Complete
Theseus spikes that had “Beijing 100 m Gold” emblazoned across them. His athletics agent is PACE Sports Management.
In January 2012, Bolt impersonated Richard Branson in a Ad Campaign for Virgin Media. The multi-million-pound campaign was directed by Seth Gordon and features Virgin founder Branson to promote its superfast broadband service. In March 2012, Bolt starred in an ad for Visa and the London 2012 Olympics.
On 19 April 2012, Bolt announced, via Twitter, that he will be partnering with mobile gaming company RockLive to release a mobile game.
On 12 July 2012, Bolt and RockLive launched Bolt!, a new iOS game based on the Jamaican sprinter. Bolt! quickly became the #1 app in Jamaica and climbed the UK iTunes charts to reach #2 on the list of Top Free Apps
In 2010, Bolt signed a lucrative publishing deal with HarperCollins for an autobiography, which was negotiated by Chris Nathaniel of NVA Management.
This is scheduled for release in 2012. During a press conference in
Paris on 15 July 2010, Bolt declined any comment on what would be
contained within the book, saying: “You can’t really give away anything
in your book … should be exciting, it’s my life, and I’m a cool and
- IAAF World Athlete of the Year: 2008, 2009
- Track & Field Athlete of the Year: 2008, 2009
- Laureus World Sportsman of the Year: 2009, 2010
- BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year: 2008, 2009
|100 metres||9.58||Berlin, Germany||16 August 2009||Also have the second fastest time (9.63) and shares the third fastest time of 9.69 with Tyson Gay. Bolt’s 9.63 set the Olympic record on 5 August, 2012.|
|150 metres||14.35||Manchester, United Kingdom||17 May 2009||World best||He ran the last 100 m in 8.70, the fastest ever recorded time over a
100 m distance. This would equal an average speed of 41.38 km/h.
|200 metres||19.19||Berlin, Germany||20 August 2009||Also holds the Olympic Record with 19.30, at the time (2008) a new world record.|
|300 metres||30.97||Ostrava, Czech Republic||27 May 2010||This is the second fastest time, behind Michael Johnson’s 30.85.|
|400 metres||45.28||Kingston, Jamaica||5 May 2007|
|4 × 100 metres relay||37.04||Daegu, South Korea||4 September 2011||Shared with Yohan Blake, Michael Frater and Nesta Carter.|
Bolt’s personal best of 9.58 seconds in the 100 metres is the fastest ever legal time. Bolt also holds the second fastest time of 9.63 seconds, the current Olympic record. Tyson Gay recorded a time of 9.68 s at the 2008 US Olympic Trials, but was aided with a tail wind of 4.1 m/s, exceeding the legal limit of 2.0 m/s set by the IAAF and nullifying its inclusion as a world record. Obadele Thompson‘s run of 9.69 s in 1996 is also not recognised as it was aided by a 5.0 m/s tail wind.
Bolt’s personal best of 19.19 s in the 200 metres is the world record. This was recorded at the 2009 World Championships in Athletics
in Berlin against a headwind of −0.3 m/s. He has also broken the
Olympic record with a time of 19.30 s (more precisely 19.296 s)
The Jamaican relay team including Bolt, set the 4×100 metres world
and Olympic records at the 2008 Olympics with a time of 37.10 seconds.
This is the only run in the IAAF top ten performances which was not set
by an American team.
Bolt also holds the 200 metres world teenage best results for the age
categories 15 (20.58 s), 16 (20.13 s, world youth record), 17 (19.93 s)
and 18 (19.93 s, world junior record).
He also holds the 150 metres world best set in 2009, during which he
ran the last 100 metres in 8.70 seconds, the quickest timed 100 metres
From his record time of 9.58 s for the 100 m sprint Usain Bolt’s
average ground speed equates to: 37.58 km/h or 23.35 mph. However, once
his reaction time of 0.15 s is subtracted, his time is closer to 9.43 s,
making his average speed closer to 38.18 km/h or 23.72 mph.
Bolt’s top speed, based on his split time of 1.61 for the 20 meters
from the 60- to 80-meter marks (made during the 9.58 WR at 100m) is
12.42 m/s, (44.72 km/h or 27.78 miles per hour), which is a much more
representative figure than the average speed for a race like the 100
International competition record
|2002||World Junior Championships||Kingston, Jamaica||1st||200 m||20.61|
|2nd||4×100 m relay||39.15 NJR|
|2nd||4×400 m relay||3:04.06 NJR|
|2003||World Youth Championships||Sherbrooke, Canada||1st||200 m||20.40|
|2003||Pan American Junior Championships||Bridgetown, Barbados||1st||200 m||20.13 WYB|
|2nd||4×100 m relay||39.40|
|2004||CARIFTA Games||Hamilton, Bermuda||1st||200 m||19.93 WJR|
|2005||Central American and Caribbean Championships||Nassau, Bahamas||1st||200 m||20.03|
|2006||World Athletics Final||Stuttgart, Germany||3rd||200 m||20.10|
|2006||IAAF World Cup||Athens, Greece||2nd||200 m||19.96|
|2007||World Championships||Osaka, Japan||2nd||200 metres||19.91|
|2008||Olympic Games||Beijing, China||1st||100 metres||9.69 WR OR|
|1st||200 metres||19.30 WR OR|
|1st||4×100 metres relay||37.10 WR OR|
|2009||World Championships||Berlin, Germany||1st||100 metres||9.58 WR|
|1st||200 metres||19.19 WR|
|1st||4×100 metres relay||37.31 CR|
|2011||World Championships||Daegu, South Korea||DSQ||100 metres||—|
|1st||200 metres||19.40 WL|
|1st||4×100 metres relay||37.04 WR|
|2012||Olympic Games||London, United Kingdom||1st||100 metres||9.63 OR|
|4×100 metres relay|
To see more of Who Is click here
Early life and collegiate career
Morgan was born July 2, 1989 in Diamond Bar, California, the daughter of Pamela S. (née Jeske) and Michael T. Morgan. She attended Diamond Bar High School. As a freshman at the University of California, Berkeley,
Morgan was the leading scorer for the Golden Bears with eight goals in
2007. Her last goal of her freshman season came against Stanford in the second round of the 2007 NCAA
Tournament, tying the game at 1–1 with less than two minutes left in
regulation time and forcing the Cardinal into overtime and then to penalty kicks. However, Stanford prevailed, and went on to the third round of the tournament.
Morgan continued to lead the Golden Bears’ scoring during her
sophomore season with nine goals in 2008, despite being out for part of
the season due to national team commitments. The Golden Bears bowed out of the first round of the 2008 NCAA Tournament while Morgan was playing at the 2008 FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup.
At the beginning of the 2009 NCAA season, Morgan was named a candidate for the Hermann Trophy Watch List, the first Golden Bear to be considered in this category since Laura Schott in 2001. She scored fourteen goals and eight assists during the Bears’ 2009 season.
Morgan is third all-time in goals scored (45) for the Golden Bears.
Western New York Flash
On January 14, 2011, Morgan was drafted number one overall in the 2011 WPS Draft by the Western New York Flash. She was the first California Golden Bears women’s soccer player to be drafted in the first round of Women’s Professional Soccer.
Due to an anterior cruciate ligament injury that slowed her progress in 2007, Morgan was not called up to train with the United States under-20 women’s national soccer team until April 2008. Her first appearance for the U-20s came at the 2008 CONCACAF Women’s U-20 Championship in Puebla, Mexico, where she scored her first international goal against Cuba.
Morgan was named to the United States U-20 women’s national team that competed in the 2008 FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup in Chile, scoring a total of four goals in the tournament against France, Argentina and North Korea; her last goal scored against North Korea was subsequently voted the best goal of the tournament, and later FIFA‘s second-best goal of the year.
Morgan’s performance on the field earned her the Bronze Shoe as the
tournament’s third-highest scorer and the Silver Ball as the
tournament’s second-best player behind teammate Sydney Leroux.
She has been capped by the senior national team, first appearing as a substitute in a match versus Mexico in March 2010, and scored her first international goal after coming on as a substitute against China in October 2010. Her most important goal to date came a month later in a crucial road game against Italy, with a Women’s World Cup berth on the line for the United States.
Morgan was on the national team that placed second in the 2011 FIFA Women’s World Cup. She was the youngest player on the U.S. roster. On July 13, 2011, she scored her first FIFA Women’s World Cup goal in the 82nd minute of the semi-final matchup against France, giving the USA a 3–1 lead and ultimately, the victory. She scored the first goal (69′) in the FIFA World Cup Final against Japan after coming on as a substitute at the half, as well as assisting on the Abby Wambach header (104′) for a goal in extra time.
Morgan’s strong form for the USA was shown when she was nominated for breakthrough athlete of the year at the 2012 ESPY Award. 
2012 Summer Olympics
- Western New York Flash
- FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup Silver Ball:
- Winner: 2008
- NCAA All-American:
- First-Team: 2010
- Pac-10 Conference:
- First-team: 2008, 2009, 2010
She met her current boyfriend Servando Carrasco, a defensive midfielder for the Seattle Sounders FC of Major League Soccer, in her first year at University of California.  Alex appeared in the 2012 Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue appearing in a section of athletes in body paint. She supports FC Barcelona.
To see more of Who Is click here
Who is Hope Amelia Solo? The sporting world knows her as Hope Solo, she is an American soccer goalkeeper playing for the Seattle Sounders Women. Solo has played for the United States women’s national soccer team since 2000.
born July 30, 1981 in Richland, Washington on July 30, 1981. Her father Jeffrey, of Italian descent who grew up in the Bronx, was a sometimes-homeless Vietnam War veteran.
It was Jeffrey who taught her how to play soccer. Although her parents
divorced when she was six and she lived with her mother, Solo maintained
a close relationship with her father, who continued to be a major
influence in her life until his sudden death of heart failure in June
Amateur and Collegiate career
Solo has played soccer with the Three Rivers Soccer Club in the Tri-Cities. As a forward at Richland High School,
Solo scored 109 goals, leading her team to three consecutive league
titles from 1996–1998 and a state championship in her senior year. She was twice named a Parade All American. At the University of Washington,
Solo switched to the goalkeeper position and was the team’s all-time
leader in shutouts, saves, and goals-against average (GAA). She was a
four-time All-Pac-10 selection and a three-time NSAA All-American.
Following her college career, Solo was drafted for the now defunct WUSA team Philadelphia Charge in 2003. She made 19 league appearances for Kopparbergs/Göteborg FC of Göteborg, Sweden in the Swedish Premier Division in 2004 and played for Olympique Lyonnais in the French First Division in 2005. She made seven appearances for the French club. She now plays for the Sounders Women.
Saint Louis Athletica
On September 16, 2008, Solo was one of the three players drafted for Saint Louis Athletica in the WPS
allocation of national team members, with the new league starting play
in April 2009. Solo let in six goals in the first four games as
Athletica got off to a very slow 0–2–2 start in their first season. She
conceded eight goals in her next 13 games and finished the season with
eight shutouts. In 2009 Solo was named the WPS Goalkeeper of the Year.
In May 2010 the Saint Louis Athletica folded and Solo signed with another WPS team, Atlanta Beat, along with two St. Louis teammates. As her previous number (1) was taken, she took #78 for the Beat. Solo’s comments on social networking website Twitter led to two separate controversies; after she accused Boston vBreakers
supporters of offensive chanting and racism, then questioned the
integrity of match officials and the league itself following the Beat’s
1–0 defeat to Washington Freedom. The second outburst resulted in a $2,500 fine and one-game suspension. After the end of the season, Solo underwent surgery on her right shoulder on September 22.
Ahead of the 2011 Women’s Professional Soccer season, Solo signed for a new franchise magicJack. After one season with the magicJack, the club lost its franchise on October 25, 2011 in the soon to be folded WPS league.
Seattle Sounders Women
Solo played for U.S. junior national soccer teams before joining the
full U.S. national team in 2000. Her senior debut came in an 8–0 win
over Iceland at Davidson, North Carolina in April 2000. She was named a member of the Olympic team in 2004, making the 2004 Olympics in Athens as an alternate.
Solo has been the team’s first choice goalkeeper since 2005. She has
recorded several clean sheets and once went 1,054 minutes without
allowing a goal, a streak that ended in a 4–1 victory against France in the Algarve Cup.
2007 FIFA Women’s World Cup
Solo was the starting goalkeeper for the United States in the 2007 FIFA Women’s World Cup, giving up two goals in four games including consecutive shutouts of Sweden, Nigeria and England. Heading into the semifinal match against Brazil, U.S. coach Greg Ryan benched Solo in favor of 36-year-old veteran U.S. keeper Briana Scurry, who had a strong history of performance against the Brazilians but had not played a complete game in three months.
The U.S. lost to Brazil 4–0, ending a 51–game (regulation time)
undefeated streak, while playing much of the match with only 10 players
after midfielder Shannon Boxx received two yellow cards at the end of the first half.
Post-2007 World Cup fallout
In an impromptu interview following the match, a clearly upset
Solo criticized Ryan’s decision. “It was the wrong decision, and I
think anybody that knows anything about the game knows that. There’s no
doubt in my mind I would have made those saves. And the fact of the
matter is it’s not 2004 anymore. It’s not 2004. And it’s 2007, and I
think you have to live in the present. And you can’t live by big names.
You can’t live in the past. It doesn’t matter what somebody did in an
Olympic gold medal game in the Olympics three years ago. Now is what
matters, and that’s what I think.”
Many viewed her comments as being critical of Scurry’s performance,
although Solo released an apologetic statement the following day saying
that was not her intent.
On September 29, 2007, coach Greg Ryan announced that Solo would not be
with the team and would not play in the third-place match against Norway the following day. Team captain Kristine Lilly stated that the decision on Solo was made by the team as a group. The U.S. went on to win against Norway 4–1.
Solo was named to the U.S. women’s national soccer team roster for
the post-World Cup tour, but she did not attend the first workout ahead
of the first game against Mexico.
Even though the players’ contract with the federation stipulated that
anyone on the World Cup roster had the right to play in the tour, she
did not play in any of the three games against Mexico, being replaced by
Briana Scurry for the first and third matches, and Nicole Barnhart
for the second. The third match against Mexico, on October 20, 2007,
marked the end of the U.S. women’s national team’s 2007 season. The team
regrouped in January 2008 to begin preparations for the 2008 Summer Olympics. Ryan left the team after his contract was not renewed in December 2007. 
2008 Summer Olympics
On June 23, 2008, it was announced Solo would be the starting goalkeeper for the U.S. team at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. In a reversal of roles from the 2004 Olympics, Brianna Scurry
did not make the team, though she was an alternate. On August 21, the
U.S. women’s team won the gold medal by defeating Brazil 1–0 in extra
time, in no small measure due to Solo’s performance as she stopped an
energetic Brazilian attack, making save after save. After the team won gold, Solo appeared on NBC Today Show, and she stated in a 2012 article appearing in ESPN The Magazine
that she was drunk while on air. “When we were done partying, we got
out of our dresses, got back into our stadium coats and, at 7 a.m. with
no sleep, went on the Today show drunk.”
2011 FIFA Women’s World Cup
Despite missing much of the qualifying campaign with a shoulder injury, Solo was named to the U.S. roster for the 2011 FIFA Women’s World Cup in Germany. After keeping clean sheets in group C wins over North Korea and Colombia, Solo conceded two goals in the 2–1 loss to Sweden which consigned the Americans to second place in the group and a quarterfinal meeting with Brazil.
The quarterfinal match between the U.S. and Brazil was sent into a penalty shoot-out after U.S. forward Abby Wambach tied the game at 2–2 in stoppage time at the end of extra-time. Solo saved the third Brazil penalty kick by Daiane, helping the U.S. secure a semifinal spot against France.
After the quarterfinal victory, Solo commented on the performance and
spirit of the U.S. players during the match, “Even when we were a player
down and a goal behind in extra time, you sensed that something was
going to happen,” and added that “[the] team kept fighting. You can’t
teach that. It’s a feeling – and we play with that feeling.”
Solo became the twenty-seventh American woman, and second goalkeeper, to reach 100 caps with her start in the 3–1 semifinal win over France.
Talking to the media after the match, Solo reflected upon the
tournament so far, “It was a hard-fought road [...] It hasn’t been easy,
but this is where we expected to be. We came this far, we better go all
In the final, the U.S. team lost 3–1 in a penalty shootout to Japan,
after twice taking the lead in an eventual 2–2 draw. Solo expressed
admiration for the Japanese team and offered her congratulations. Solo won
the “Golden Glove” award for best goalkeeper, and the “Bronze Ball”
award for her overall performance. She was also featured in the
“All-star” team of the tournament.
2012 Summer Olympics
Leading up to the Summer Olympics, Solo received a public warning from the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) after a June 15 urine test concluded the banned substance Canrenone
had been detected. Solo said in a statement she had been prescribed a
pre-menstrual medication and was not aware it contained any banned
substances. She cooperated with the USADA and provided them with the
necessary information to prove that it was a mistake. Her story checked
out and she was cleared with a public warning. 
The positive test did not require Solo to withdraw from any pre-Olympic
matches. On August 9, she won gold with the USA Women’s football team.
Solo was a contestant on the 13th season of Dancing with the Stars. Her partner was Maksim Chmerkovskiy and she was eliminated in the semi-final round. She appeared nude in ESPN‘s 2011 “Body Issue.” 
|Week #||Dance/Song||Judges’ score||Result|
|1||Viennese Waltz/ “Satellite“||7||7||7||Safe|
|3||Cha-Cha-Cha/”Tonight (I’m Lovin’ You)“||8||8||8||Last to be called Safe|
|4||Foxtrot/”You’ve Got a Friend in Me“||8||8||8||Safe|
|5||Tango/”Livin’ on a Prayer“||8||8||8||Last to be called Safe|
|6||Rumba/”Seasons of Love“||7||6||7||Last to be called Safe|
|Group Broadway Dance/”Big Spender” & “Money Money“||No Scores Given|
|7||Samba/”Werewolves of London“||8||8||8||Safe|
|Team Paso Doble/”Bring Me To Life“||9||8||9|
|Instant Jive/”The Best Damn Thing“||8||9||8|
|9||Paso Doble/”Can’t Be Tamed“||7||7||7||Eliminated|
|Argentine Tango/”Whatever Lola Wants“||8||8||8|
|Cha-Cha-Cha Relay/”I Like How It Feels“||Awarded||4||Points|