Biagio Anthony Gazzarra , known as Ben Gazzara, was an American film, stage, and Emmy Award winning television actor and director died from pancreatic cancer he was 81.
(August 28, 1930 – February 3, 2012)
Gazzara was born in New York City, the son of Italian immigrants Angelina (née Cusumano) and Antonio Gazzarra, a laborer and carpenter. Both Gazzara’s parents were of Sicilian origin, Angelina from Castrofilippo and Antonio from Canicattì, both in the province of Agrigento. Gazzara grew up in New York’s Kips Bay neighborhood; he lived on East 29th Street and participated in the drama program at Madison Square Boys and Girls Club located across the street. He attended New York City’s Stuyvesant High School, but finally graduated from Saint Simon Stock in the Bronx. Years later, he said that the discovery of his love for acting saved him from a life of crime during his teen years. He went to City College of New York to study electrical engineering. After two years, he relented. He took classes in acting at the Dramatic Workshop of The New School in New York with the influential German director Erwin Piscator and afterward joined the Actors Studio.
In 1954, Gazzara (having tweaked his original surname from “Gazzarra”) made several appearances on NBC‘s legal drama Justice, based on case studies from the Legal Aid Society of New York. Gazzara starred in various Broadway productions around this time, including creating the role of Brick in Tennessee Williams‘ Cat On A Hot Tin Roof (1955) opposite Barbara BelGeddes, directed by Elia Kazan, although he lost out to Paul Newman when the film version was cast. He joined other Actors Studio members in the 1957 film The Strange One. Then came a high-profile performance as a soldier on trial for avenging his wife’s rape in Otto Preminger‘s courtroom drama Anatomy of a Murder (1959).
Gazzara became well known in several television series, beginning with Arrest and Trial, which ran from 1963 to 1964 on ABC, and the more-successful series Run for Your Life
from 1965-68 on NBC, in which he played a terminally ill man trying to
get the most out of the last two years of his life. For his work in the
series, Gazzara received two Emmy nominations for “Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series” and three Golden Globe nominations for “Best Performance by an Actor in a Television Series – Drama.” Contemporary screen credits included The Young Doctors (1961), A Rage to Live (1965) and The Bridge at Remagen (1969).
Gazzara told Charlie Rose
in 1998 that he went from being mainly a stage actor who often would
turn up his nose at film roles in the mid-1950s to, much later, a
ubiquitous character actor who turned very little down. “When I became
hot, so to speak, in the theater, I got a lot of offers,” he said. “I
won’t tell you the pictures I turned down because you’ll say, ‘You are a
fool,’ and I was a fool.”
Some of the actor’s most formidable characters were those he created with his friend John Cassavetes in the 1970s. They collaborated for the first time on Cassavetes’s film Husbands (1970), in which he appeared alongside Peter Falk and Cassavetes himself. In The Killing of a Chinese Bookie
(1976), Gazzara took the leading role of the hapless strip-joint owner,
Cosmo Vitelli. A year later, he starred in yet another
Cassavetes-directed movie, Opening Night, as stage director Manny Victor, who struggles with the mentally unstable star of his show, played by Cassavetes’s wife Gena Rowlands. Also during this period he appeared in the television miniseries QB VII (1974), and the films Capone (1975), Voyage of the Damned (1976), High Velocity (1976), and Saint Jack (1979).
In the 1980s, Gazzara appeared in several movies such as Inchon co-starring Laurence Olivier and Richard Roundtree, They All Laughed (directed by Peter Bogdanovich), and in a villainous role in the oft-televised Patrick Swayze film Road House,
which the actor jokingly said is probably his most-watched performance.
He starred with Rowlands in the critically acclaimed AIDS-themed TV
movie An Early Frost (1985), for which he received his third Emmy nomination.
Gazzara appeared in 38 films, many for television, in the 1990s. He worked with a number of renowned directors, such as the Coen brothers (The Big Lebowski), Spike Lee (Summer of Sam), David Mamet (The Spanish Prisoner), Walter Hugo Khouri (Forever), Todd Solondz (Happiness), John Turturro (Illuminata), and John McTiernan (The Thomas Crown Affair).
In his seventies, Gazzara continued to be active. In 2003, he was in the ensemble cast of the experimental film Dogville, directed by Lars von Trier of Denmark and starring Nicole Kidman, as well as the television film Hysterical Blindness (he received his first Emmy Award for his role). Several other projects have recently been completed or are currently in production. In 2005, he played Agostino Casaroli in the television miniseries, Pope John Paul II. He completed filming his scenes in the film The Wait in early 2012, shortly before his death.
In addition to acting, Gazzara worked as an occasional television director; his credits include the Columbo episodes A Friend in Deed (1974) and Troubled Waters (1975). Gazzara was nominated three times for the Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play—in 1956 for A Hatful of Rain, in 1975 for the paired short plays Hughie and Duet, and in 1977 for a revival of Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, opposite Colleen Dewhurst.
Gazzara married three times; to Louise Erickson (1951–57), Janice Rule (1961–1979), and German model Elke Krivat from 1982. He also disclosed a love affair with actress Audrey Hepburn. They co-starred in two of her final films, Bloodline (1979) and They All Laughed (1981).
During filming of the war movie The Bridge at Remagen (1969) co-starring Gazzara and his friend Robert Vaughn, the Warsaw Pact invaded Czechoslovakia. Filming was halted temporarily, and the cast and crew were detained before filming was completed in West Germany.
During their departure from Czechoslovakia, Gazzara and Vaughn assisted
with the escape of a Czech waitress whom they had befriended. They
smuggled her to Austria in a car waved through a border crossing that had not yet been taken over by the Soviet army in its crackdown on the Prague Spring.
Gazzara was the honorary starter of the 1979 Daytona 500, the first flag-to-flag Daytona 500 broadcast live on CBS. He was also featured in a 1994 article in Cigar Aficionado, in which he admitted smoking four packs of cigarettes a day until taking up cigar smoking in the mid-1960s.
- The Strange One (1957)
- Anatomy of a Murder (1959)
- Risate di gioia (1960)
- The Young Doctors (1961)
- Convicts 4 (1962)
- Conquered City (1962)
- Carol for Another Christmas (1964)
- A Rage to Live (1965)
- The Bridge at Remagen (1969)
- If It’s Tuesday, This Must Be Belgium (1969)
- Husbands (1970)
- Pursuit (1972)
- The Neptune Factor (1973)
- QB VII (1974)
- Capone (1975)
- The Killing of a Chinese Bookie (1976)
- Voyage of the Damned (1976)
- The Death of Richie (1977)
- Opening Night (1977)
- Saint Jack (1979)
- Bloodline (1979)
- Inchon (1981)
- They All Laughed (1981)
- Tales of Ordinary Madness (1982)
- The Girl from Trieste (1982)
- A Proper Scandal (1984)
- La donna delle meraviglie (1985)
- An Early Frost (1985)
- Figlio mio infinitamente caro (1985)
- The Professor (1986)
- Control (1987)
- Quicker Than the Eye (de) (1988)
- Road House (1989)
- Forever (Per sempre) (1991)
- Lies Before Kisses (1991)
- Parallel Lives (1994)
- Shadow Conspiracy (1997)
- Stag (1997)
- The Spanish Prisoner (1997)
- Buffalo ’66 (1998)
- The Big Lebowski (1998)
- Happiness (1998)
- Illuminata (1998)
- The Thomas Crown Affair (1999)
- Summer of Sam (1999)
- Believe (2000)
- Very Mean Men (2000)
- Brian’s Song (2001)
- Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, episode “Wrath” (2001)
- Hysterical Blindness (2002)
- Dogville (2003)
- Pope John Paul II (2005)
- Quiet Flows the Don (2006)
- Paris, je t’aime (2006)
- L’onore e il rispetto (2009)
- Looking For Palladin (2009)
- 13 (2010)
- Ristabbanna (2011)
- The Wait (2012)
- Max Rose (2012)
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Hajji Incik Muhammad Damsyik (, better known asHIM Damsyik was an Indonesian dancer and actor died he was 82.
14 March 1929 – 3 February 2012)
Damsyik was born in Teluk Betung, Lampung, Dutch East Indies on 14 March 1929. His father was the director of employees of the Koninklijke Paketvaart-Maatschappij, a shipping company. In the 1950s, he moved to Jakarta to further his education; at the same time he continued dancing. After winning a competition, he spent four years studying at the Rellum Dancing School in the Netherlands.
Upon returning to Indonesia, Damsyik began giving private dance lessons. In 1959 he was approached by Wim Umboh to do the choreography for Bertamasaya (Picnic); Damsyik ended up acting in the film as well.
Damsyik became popular in 1992 after playing the antagonist Datuk Meringgih in Dedi Setiadi’s serial adaptation of Marah Roesli‘s novel Sitti Nurbaya (1922). Although he first considered not taking the role, after the series’ cancellation he continued to identify with it.
On 12 July 2002 Damsyik was selected as the head of the Indonesian Dance Association, under the National Sports Committee of Indonesia.
Towards the end of 2011, Damsyik fell ill and in and out of the hospital. A first diagnosis, at Puri Cinere Hospital, was for Dengue.
Two weeks afterwards, he was admitted to the Metropolitan Medical
Centre (MMC); two weeks after his release, he was back at MMC, where he began undergoing treatment for myelodysplastic syndrome. Damsyik died at Cinere Hospital in South Jakarta at roughly 2:00 a.m. local time (UTC+7) on 3 February 2012. He was buried at Karet Bivak the same day.
Damsyik was married to Linda Damsyik, a dance instructor. Together the couple had five children and ran several dance studios in Jakarta. Before his death, Damsyik was 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in) tall and weighed 55 kilograms (121 lb).
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John Christopher, British science fiction author (The Tripods, The Sword of the Spirits) died he was 89
Sam Youd known professionally as Christopher Samuel Youd, was a British writer, best known for science fiction under the pseudonym John Christopher, including the novel The Death of Grass and the young-adult novel series The Tripods died he was 89. He won the Guardian Prize in 1971 and the Deutscher Jugendliteraturpreis in 1976.
Youd is an old Cheshire surname. Sam Youd was born in Huyton, Lancashire. He was educated at Peter Symonds’ School in Winchester, Hampshire in 1922.[clarification needed]
Sam adopted the name Christopher Samuel Youd for his professional
writings, leading to the widespread but mistaken belief that that was
his birth name. Throughout his life he was known simply as Sam to his
friends and acquaintances. He served in World War II in the Royal Corps of Signals from 1941 to 1946. A scholarship from the Rockefeller Foundation made it possible for him to pursue a writing career, beginning with The Winter Swan (Dennis Dobson, 1949) under the name Christopher Youd. He wrote science fiction short stories as John Christopher from 1951 and his first book under that name was a science fiction novel, Year of the Comet, published by Michael Joseph in 1955. John Christopher’s second novel, The Death of Grass (Michael Joseph, 1956) was Youd’s first major success as a writer. It was published next year in the U.S. as No Blade of Grass (Simon & Schuster, 1957); an American magazine published Year of the Comet later that year and it was issued in 1959 as an Avon paperback entitled Planet in Peril. After Grass,
Youd continued to use the John Christopher pseudonym for a majority of
his writing and all of his science fiction (thereafter, many novels and
few short stories). The Death of Grass has been reissued many times, most recently in the Penguin Modern Classics (2009).
In 1966 he started writing science fiction for adolescents. The Tripods trilogy (1967–68), The Lotus Caves (1969), The Guardians (1970), and the Sword of the Spirits trilogy (1971–72) were well received. He won the annual Guardian Children’s Fiction Prize for The Guardians. (The award is conferred by The Guardian newspaper, coincidentally, and judged by a panel of children’s writers.) In 1976 he won the Deutscher Jugendliteraturpreis, youth fiction category, for the same novel in German-language translation (Die Wächter).
Film and television adaptions
The Death of Grass was adapted as a film by Cornel Wilde under its American title, No Blade of Grass (1970). The Tripods was partially developed into a British TV series. It is in development as a film (2012). Empty World was developed into a 1987 TV movie in Germany, Leere Welt. The Guardians was made into a 1986 TV series in Germany, Die Wächter. The Lotus Caves was in development in 2007, as a film from Walden Media, to have been directed by Rpin Suwannath.
Except where explained otherwise, all listings are novels and novellas published as books.
- The Twenty-Second Century (1954) (short story collection)
- The Year of the Comet (Michael Joseph, 1955); US title, Planet in Peril (Avon, 1959)
- The Death of Grass (Michael Joseph, 1956); US title, No Blade of Grass (Simon & Schuster, 1957)
- The Caves of Night (1958)
- A Scent of White Poppies (1959)
- The Long Voyage (US title The White Voyage, 1960)
- The World in Winter (US title The Long Winter, 1962)
- Cloud on Silver (US title Sweeney’s Island, 1964)
- The Possessors (1964)
- A Wrinkle in the Skin (US title The Ragged Edge, 1965)
- The Little People (1966)
- The Tripods trilogy (expanded to tetralogy, 1988)
- The White Mountains (1967) Macmillan (US); Hamish Hamilton (UK)
- The City of Gold and Lead (1967) Macmillan (US); Hamish Hamilton (UK)
- The Pool of Fire (1968) Macmillan (US); Hamish Hamilton (UK)
- When the Tripods Came (prequel) (1988)
- Pendulum (1968)
- The Lotus Caves (1969) Macmillan (US); Hamish Hamilton (UK) ISBN 0-241-01729-7
- The Guardians (1970)
- The Sword of the Spirits trilogy
- In the Beginning Longman (1972) ISBN 0-582-53726-6
- Dom and Va (1973)
- Wild Jack (1974)
- Empty World (1977)
- The Fireball trilogy
- A Dusk of Demons (1993)
- Bad Dream (2003)
- The Winter Swan (1949)
- Babel Itself (1951)
- Brave Conquerors (1952)
- Crown and Anchor (1953)
- A Palace of Strangers (1954)
- Holly Ash (US title The Opportunist, 1955)
- Giant’s Arrow (1956); as Anthony Rye in the UK, Samuel Youd in the US
- The Choice (UK title The Burning Bird, 1961)
- Messages of Love (1961)
- The Summers at Accorn (1963)
- Malleson at Melbourne (1956) – a cricket novel, volume 1 of an unfinished trilogy
- The Friendly Game (1957) – volume 2 of the trilogy
- Dust and the Curious Boy (1957); US title, Give the Devil His Due – volume 1 in the Joe Dust series
- Daughter Fair (1958) – volume 2 in the Joe Dust series
- The Sapphire Conference (1959) – volume 3 in the Joe Dust series
- The Gull’s Kiss (1962)
- Felix Walking (1958)
- Felix Running (1959)
- Bella on the Roof (1965)
- A Figure in Grey (1973)
- Sarnia (1974)
- Castle Malindine (1975)
- A Bride for Bedivere (1976)
- Patchwork of Death (1965)
- The Practice (1968)
- Men With Knives (1968); US title, A Man With a Knife
- The Helpers (1970)
- Ten Per Cent of Your Life (1973)
Youd’s first published story was “Dreamer” in the March 1941 Weird Tales, as C.S. Youd. He has had stories published in the magazines Astounding Science Fiction, Science Fantasy, Worlds Beyond Science-Fantasy Fiction, New Worlds, Galaxy Science Fiction, SF Digest, Future Science Fiction, Space SF Digest, Thrilling Wonder Stories, Authentic Science Fiction, Space Science Fiction, Nebula Science Fiction, Fantastic Universe, Saturn Science Fiction, Orbit Science Fiction, Fantastic Story Magazine, If: Worlds of Science Fiction, Worlds of Science Fiction (UK), Argosy (UK), The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, Beyond Infinity
- The Best SF Stories 3rd Series by Grayson & Grayson (1953)
- Avon Science fiction and Fantasy Reader #1 (1953)
- The Twenty-Second Century Grayson & Grayson (1954)
- Gateway To Tomorrow edited by John Carnell, published by Panther (1963)
- Avon Science Fiction and Fantasy Reader No. 2
- The Best Science Fiction Stories Third Series edited by Everett F. Bleiler and T. E. Dikty
- The Tenth Pan Book of Horror Stories, edited by Herbert Van Thal (1969)
- Young Winter’s Tales No. 2, ed. M. R. Hodgkin, London: Macmillan (1971)
- In Time to Come, Topliner (1973)
- The Best of British SF 1 Orbit Books (1977)
- The Random House Book of Science Fiction Stories Random House (1997) (ISBN 0-679-88527-7)
- The Young Oxford Book of Nasty Endings, (1997), edited by Dennis Pepper, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-278151-0
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Born and raised in California, Appleton attended Boise State University,
where he was on the tennis team. A lifelong aviation enthusiast, he
died when his single-engine plane crashed shortly after takeoff in
Boise, Idaho, on February 3, 2012.
Appleton started his career at Micron shortly after graduation in
1983, working the night shift in production. He held a variety of
positions in the company, including Wafer Fab manager, Production
Manager, Director of Manufacturing, and Vice President of Manufacturing
before being appointed President and COO in 1991. He was appointed to
the position of CEO and Chairman of the Board in 1994, which he
maintained until his untimely death when the small plane he was piloting
crashed at Boise Airport in 2012. At age 34 he was the third youngest
CEO in the Fortune 500.
He formerly served on the Board of Directors for SEMATECH, the Idaho State Supreme Court Advisory Council and was appointed by the Clinton Administration to serve on the National Semiconductor Technology Council. At the time of his death, he was serving on the Board of Directors for the Semiconductor Industry Association,
and the Board of Directors for National Semiconductor Corporation, The
U.S. Technology CEO Council and was a member of the World Semiconductor
Council and the Idaho Business Council. After his death, Mark Durcan assumed Appleton’s position as CEO of Micron.
Appleton was named among the worst 10 CEOs by a Forbes
magazine web site in 2006, using a formula that some disputed
accurately reflected performance in the very volatile market for MU’s
In 2011 he received the Robert Noyce Award from the Semiconductor Industry Association.
Appleton participated in a number of sports, including professional
tennis. His hobbies included scuba diving, surfing, wakeboarding,
motorcycling and, more recently, off-road car racing. His aviation
background included multiple ratings and professional performances at
air shows in both propeller and jet-powered aircraft. He also had a
black belt in taekwondo.
On February 3, 2012, Appleton was killed while attempting an emergency landing in a Lancair IV-PT experimental-category, four-seat, turboprop airplane at the Boise Airport in Boise, Idaho, moments after taking off. He had aborted a take off a few minutes earlier for unknown reasons.
Prior to this, he had a serious plane crash piloting an Extra 300 in 2004 in which he sustained a punctured lung, head injuries, ruptured disk and broken bones.
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Wisława Szymborska-Włodek was a Polish poet, essayist, translator and recipient of the 1996 Nobel Prize in Literature. Born in Prowent, which has since become part of Kórnik, she later resided in Kraków until the end of her life. She was described as a “Mozart of Poetry”.
In Poland, Szymborska’s books have reached sales rivaling prominent
prose authors: although she once remarked in a poem, “Some Like Poetry”
(“Niektórzy lubią poezję”), that no more than two out of a thousand
people care for the art.
Szymborska was awarded the 1996 Nobel Prize in Literature “for poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality”. She became better known internationally as a result of this. Her work has been translated into English and many European languages, as well as into Arabic, Hebrew, Japanese and Chinese.
(2 July 1923 – 1 February 2012)
Wisława Szymborska was born on 2 July 1923 in Prowent, Poland (now part of Kórnik, Poland), the daughter of Wincenty and Anna (née Rottermund) Szymborski. Her father was at that time the steward of Count Władysław Zamoyski, a Polish patriot and charitable patron. After the death of Count Zamoyski in 1924, her family moved to Toruń, and in 1931 to Kraków, where she lived and worked until her death in early 2012.
When World War II broke out in 1939, she continued her education in underground classes. From 1943, she worked as a railroad employee and managed to avoid being deported to Germany as a forced labourer.
It was during this time that her career as an artist began with
illustrations for an English-language textbook. She also began writing
stories and occasional poems. Beginning in 1945, she began studying Polish literature before switching to sociology at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków. There she soon became involved in the local writing scene, and met and was influenced by Czesław Miłosz. In March 1945, she published her first poem “Szukam słowa” (“Looking for words”) in the daily newspaper, Dziennik Polski. Her poems continued to be published in various newspapers and periodicals for a number of years. In 1948, she quit her studies without a degree, due to her poor financial circumstances; the same year, she married poet Adam Włodek, whom she divorced in 1954 (they remained close until Włodek’s death in 1986).
Their union was childless. Around the time of her marriage she was
working as a secretary for an educational biweekly magazine as well as
an illustrator. Her first book was to be published in 1949, but did not
pass censorship as it “did not meet socialist requirements”. Like many
other intellectuals in post-war Poland, however, Szymborska adhered to
the People’s Republic of Poland‘s (PRL) official ideology early in her career, signing an infamous political petition from 8 February 1953, condemning Polish priests accused of treason in a show trial. Her early work supported socialist themes, as seen in her debut collection Dlatego żyjemy (That is what we are living for), containing the poems “Lenin” and “Młodzieży budującej Nową Hutę” (“For the Youth who are building Nowa Huta“), about the construction of a Stalinist industrial town near Kraków. She became a member of the ruling Polish United Workers’ Party.
Like many communist intellectuals initially close to the official party line, Szymborska gradually grew estranged from socialist ideology and renounced her earlier political work. Although she did not officially leave the party until 1966, she began to establish contacts with dissidents. As early as 1957, she befriended Jerzy Giedroyc, the editor of the influential Paris-based emigré journal Kultura, to which she also contributed. In 1964, she opposed a Communist-backed protest to The Times against independent intellectuals, demanding freedom of speech instead.
In 1953, Szymborska joined the staff of the literary review magazine Życie Literackie (Literary Life), where she continued to work until 1981 and from 1968 ran her own book review column, called Lektury Nadobowiązkowe.
Many of her essays from this period were later published in book form.
From 1981–83, she was an editor of the Kraków-based monthly periodical, NaGlos (OutLoud). In the 1980s, she intensified her oppositional activities, contributing to the samizdat periodical Arka under the pseudonym “Stańczykówna”, as well as to the Paris-based Kultura. The final collection published while Szymborska was still alive, Dwukropek, was chosen as the best book of 2006 by readers of Poland’s Gazeta Wyborcza. She also translated French literature into Polish, in particular Baroque poetry and the works of Agrippa d’Aubigné. In Germany, Szymborska was associated with her translator Karl Dedecius, who did much to popularize her works there.
Wisława Szymborska died 1 February 2012 at home in Kraków, aged 88. Her personal assistant, Michał Rusinek, confirmed the information and said that she “died peacefully, in her sleep”. She was surrounded by friends and relatives at the time. Foreign Minister Radek Sikorski described her death on Twitter as an “irreparable loss to Poland’s culture”.
She was working on new poetry right until her death, though she was
unable to arrange her final efforts for a book in the way she would have
wanted. Her last poetry was published later in 2012.
Szymborska frequently employed literary devices such as ironic precision, paradox, contradiction and understatement, to illuminate philosophical themes and obsessions. Many of her poems feature war and terrorism.
It is, however, important to note the ambiguity of her poetry. Although
her poetry was influenced by her experiences, it is relevant across
time and culture. She wrote from unusual points of view, such as a cat
in the newly empty apartment of its dead owner.
Her reputation rests on a relatively small body of work, fewer than 350
poems. When asked why she had published so few poems, she said: “I have
a trash can in my home”.
Szymborska’s poem “Nothing Twice” turned into a song by composer Andrzej Munkowski performed by Łucja Prus in 1965 makes her poetry known in Poland, rock singer Kora cover of “Nothing Twice” was a hit in 1994.
In her last years Szymborska collaborated with Polish jazz trompeter Tomasz Stańko who dedicated his record Wisława (ECM, 2013) to her memory – taking inspiration for the compositions from their collaboration and her poetry.
- 1952: Dlatego żyjemy (“That’s Why We Are Alive”)
- 1954: Pytania zadawane sobie (“Questioning Yourself”)
- 1957: Wołanie do Yeti (“Calling Out to Yeti”)
- 1962: Sól (“Salt”)
- 1966: 101 wierszy (“101 Poems”)
- 1967: Sto pociech (“No End of Fun”)
- 1967: Poezje wybrane (“Selected Poetry”)
- 1972: Wszelki wypadek (“Could Have”)
- 1976: Wielka liczba (“A Large Number”)
- 1986: Ludzie na moście (“People on the Bridge”)
- 1989: Poezje: Poems, bilingual Polish-English edition
- 1992: Lektury nadobowiązkowe (“Non-required Reading”)
- 1993: Koniec i początek (“The End and the Beginning”)
- 1996: Widok z ziarnkiem piasku (“View with a Grain of Sand”)
- 1997: Sto wierszy – sto pociech (“100 Poems – 100 Happinesses”)
- 2002: Chwila (“Moment”)
- 2003: Rymowanki dla dużych dzieci (“Rhymes for Big Kids”)
- 2005: Dwukropek (“Colon”)
- 2009: Tutaj (“Here”)
- 2012: Wystarczy (“Enough”)
- 2013: Błysk rewolwru (“The Glimmer of a Revolver”)
Prizes and awards
- 1954: The City of Kraków Prize for Literature
- 1963: The Polish Ministry of Culture Prize
- 1991: The Goethe Prize
- 1995: The Herder Prize
- 1995: Honorary Doctor of the Adam Mickiewicz University (Poznań)
- 1996: The Polish PEN Club prize
- 1996: Nobel Prize in Literature
- 2011: Order of the White Eagle
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David Peaston was an American R&B and gospel singer who in 1990 won a Soul Train Music Award for Best R&B/Soul or Rap New Artist , 54. He was mostly known for the singles, “Two Wrongs (Don’t Make it Right)” and “Can I?”, the latter of which was originally recorded by Eddie Kendricks.
Life and career
He was a native of Saint Louis, Missouri. As a child, he attended the Pleasant Green Missionary Baptist Church along with his mother, Martha Bass, a member of The Clara Ward Singers gospel group. His sister was R&B/soul singer Fontella Bass.
After graduating he worked as a school teacher but, after being laid off in 1981, moved to New York City and begin working as a background singer on recording sessions. In the late 1980s, he won several competitions on the Showtime at the Apollo television show, winning over the audience with a powerful rendition of “God Bless the Child.” He was signed by Geffen Records, and his first single, “Two Wrongs (Don’t Make It Right)” rose to no. 3 on the Billboard Black Singles chart in 1989. He had further hits on the R&B chart with “Can I?” and “We’re All In This Together”, and released an album, Introducing…David Peaston. He also toured with Gerald Alston in Europe, and with Gladys Knight in the US, before moving to the MCA label in 1991, where he issued the album Mixed Emotions.
In 1993, he recorded a gospel album with Fontella and Martha Bass entitled Promises: A Family Portrait Of Faith. He also sang on Lester Bowie‘s 1982 album, The One and Only (ECM).
In 2006, Peaston returned to music with his album, Song Book: Songs of Soul & Inspiration. The album featured eight new tracks by Peaston, as well as several of his biggest hits.
- Introducing…David Peaston (1988)
- Mixed Emotions (1991)
- “Two Wrongs (Don’t Make It Right)” (1989) #3 R&B
- “Can I?” (1989) #14 R&B
- “We’re All in This Together” (1990) #11 R&B, #45 Dance
- “Take Me Now” (1990) #77 R&B
- “String” (1991) #69 R&B
- “Luxury of Love” (1991) #41 R&B
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Ardath Frances Hurst Mayhar ( was an American writer and poet died she was 81. She began writing science fiction
in 1979 after returning with her family to Texas from Oregon. She was
nominated for the Mark Twain Award, and won the Balrog Award for a horror narrative poem in Masques I.
he had numerous other nominations for awards in almost every fiction
genre and has won many awards for poetry. In 2008 she was honored by
Mayhar has written over 60 books ranging from science fiction to
horror to young adult to historical to westerns; with some work under
the pseudonyms Frank Cannon, Frances Hurst, and John Killdeer. Joe R. Lansdale wrote simply: “Ardath Mayhar writes damn fine books!”
Mayhar owned and operated The View From Orbit Bookstore in Nacogdoches, Texas, with her husband Joe until his death in the 1999. She later sold the bookstore, which served the students of Stephen F. Austin State University
and people in the East Texas area, providing a wide variety of books
and literature as well as Joe’s computer services that would otherwise
have been unavailable to this region.
Until her health began failing, her reputation was such that she still
spoke regularly in the area, drawing large crowds whenever she taught
She is the author or co-author of:
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Angelo Dundee (born Angelo Mirena) was an American boxing trainer and cornerman died he was 90. Best known for his work with Muhammad Ali (1960–1981), he also worked with 15 other world boxing champions, including Sugar Ray Leonard, José Nápoles, George Foreman, George Scott, Jimmy Ellis, Carmen Basilio, Luis Rodriguez and Willie Pastrano.
(August 30, 1921 – February 1, 2012)
Born in Philadelphia of Italian descent, Dundee went to New York and later to Miami
where he learned many of the strategies of a boxer’s cornerman while
acting as a “bucket man” to the great trainers of Stillman’s Gym. There,
his mentors included Charlie Goldman, Ray Arcel, and Chickie Ferrera.
Later, his brother Chris Dundee opened the Fifth Street Gym in Miami.
Carmen Basilio was the first world champion for whom Dundee acted as a cornerman when Basilio defeated Tony DeMarco for the world welterweight crown and later Sugar Ray Robinson for the world middleweight crown.
Career with Muhammad Ali
Dundee traveled around the world with Ali, and he was the cornerman
in all but two of Ali’s fights (Tunney Hunsaker in 1960 and Jimmy Ellis
in 1971). Dundee trained the young Cassius Clay, as Ali was then known,
in most of his early bouts, including those with Archie Moore (who had trained Clay before his partnering with Dundee) and Sonny Liston,
where Clay won the Heavyweight title. Dundee continued to train Ali in
all of his fights until his exile from boxing, and upon Ali’s return to
the sport Dundee trained him in almost all of his fights, including
Ali’s famed bouts with fighters such as Jerry Quarry, Oscar Bonavena, Joe Frazier, Floyd Patterson, George Foreman, Ken Norton and, later, Leon Spinks. One exception was in Ali’s ’71 fight with Jimmy Ellis
where Dundee was in Ellis’ corner. Ali knocked Ellis out in the 12th
round. Dundee was accused by Foreman of loosening the ring ropes before
his 1974 The Rumble in the Jungle fight with Ali to help Ali win the fight by using the rope-a-dope technique. Dundee consistently denied tampering with the ropes. In 1998, after decades, Dundee reunited with Muhammad Ali and appeared alongside him in a sentimental Super Bowl commercial.
Career with Sugar Ray Leonard
Dundee saw a future emerging star in Sugar Ray Leonard,
whom he called “a smaller version of Ali”. Dundee acted as cornerman
for Leonard in many of his biggest fights, including those with Wilfred Benítez, Roberto Durán, Thomas Hearns and Marvin Hagler. In Leonard’s first bout with Hearns,
Dundee, thinking that his protégé was behind on the scorecards, quipped
the now famous words, “You’re blowing it, son! You’re blowing it!”
before the start of round 13. Leonard went on to score a fourteenth round win when the referee stopped the fight.
In addition, Dundee also trained such world champions as Luis Rodriguez, Willie Pastrano, Ralph Dupas, José Nápoles, Pinklon Thomas, Trevor Berbick, Jimmy Ellis, Wilfredo Gómez, Michael Nunn and Sugar Ramos, as well as other boxers such as Bill Bossio, David Estrada, Douglas Vaillant, Jimmy Lange, Tom Zbikowski and Pat O’Connor.
In 2005, Dundee was hired to train Russell Crowe for Crowe’s characterization of James J. Braddock in Cinderella Man.
To that end, Dundee traveled to Australia to work with the
Oscar-winning actor and appeared in the film as “Angelo” the corner man.
Dundee died peacefully at his home at the age of 90 on February 1, 2012, in Tampa, Florida after 5 years of Heart Disease. 3 weeks before his death, he attended Muhammed Ali’s 70th birthday party in Louisville, Kentucky on January 17, 2012. He died about 3 months after boxer Joe Frazier died of liver cancer on November 7, 2011.
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Don Cornelius, American television host and producer (Soul Train), died when he committed suicide by gunshot he was , 75
Donald Cortez ” Don” Cornelius was an American television show host and producer who was best
known as the creator of the nationally syndicated dance and music
franchise Soul Train, which he hosted from 1971 until 1993 died when he committed suicide by gunshot he was , 75. Eventually Cornelius sold the show to MadVision Entertainment in 2008.
Early life and career
Cornelius was born on Chicago’s South Side on September 27, 1936, and raised in the Bronzeville neighborhood. Following his graduation from DuSable High School in 1954, he joined the United States Marine Corps and served 18 months in Korea. He worked at various jobs following his stint in the military, including selling tires, automobiles, and insurance, and as an officer with the Chicago Police Department.
He quit his day job to take a three-month broadcasting course in 1966,
despite being married with two sons and having only $400 in his bank account. In 1966, he landed a job as an announcer, news reporter and disc jockey on Chicago radio station WVON. He stood roughly 6 ft 4 in (193 cm) tall.
Cornelius joined Chicago television station WCIU-TV in 1967 and hosted a news program called A Black’s View of the News. In 1970, he launched Soul Train on WCIU-TV as a daily local show. The program entered national syndication and moved to Los Angeles the following year. Eddie Kendricks, Gladys Knight & the Pips, Bobby Hutton and The Honey Comb were featured on the national debut episode.
Originally a journalist and inspired by the civil rights movement, Cornelius recognized that in the late 1960s there was no television venue in the United States for soul music. He introduced many African-American musicians to a larger audience as a result of their appearances on Soul Train, a program that was both influential among African-Americans and popular with a wider audience. As writer, producer, and host of Soul Train, Cornelius was instrumental in offering wider exposure to black musicians such as James Brown, Aretha Franklin, and Michael Jackson, as well as creating opportunities for talented dancers, setting a precedent for popular television dance programs. Cornelius said, “We had a show that kids gravitated to,” and Spike Lee described the program as an “urban music time capsule“.
With the creation of Soul Train Don was able to keep the movement going well past Martin Luther King‘s
death. He kept the momentum going well on through the 70’s and 80’s. He
gave African Americans their own show, the first of its kind. In this
show he was able to show African Americans in a new light, creating a
Black is Beautiful Campaign.
Before he did this, African Americans were seldom seen on television.
Soul Train showcased their culture and brought African American
musicians and dancers to television. This show even appealed to white audiences and it got huge attention. It was one of the most groundbreaking television shows ever.
Besides his smooth and deep voice and afro (which slowly shrunk over the years as hairstyle tastes changed), Cornelius was best known for the catchphrase
that he used to close the show: “… and you can bet your last money,
it’s all gonna be a stone gas, honey! I’m Don Cornelius, and as always
in parting, we wish you love, peace and soul!” After Cornelius’s
departure, it was shortened to “…and as always, we wish you love,
peace and soul!” and was used through the most recent new episodes in
2006. Another introductory phrase he often used was: “We got another
sound comin’ out of Philly that’s a sho ‘nough dilly”.
He had a small number of film roles, most notably as record producer Moe Fuzz in 1988′s Tapeheads.
The 2008 Soul Train Music Awards ceremony was not held due to the WGA strike and the end of Tribune Entertainment‘s
complicating the process of finding a new distributor to air the
ceremony and line up the stations to air it. The awards show was moved
in 2009 to Viacom‘s Centric cable channel (formerly BET J), which now airs Soul Train in reruns.
On October 17, 2008, Cornelius was arrested at his Los Angeles home on Mulholland Drive on a felony domestic violence charge.
He was released on bail. Cornelius appeared in court on November 14,
2008, and was charged with spousal abuse and dissuading a witness from
filing a police report. Cornelius appeared in court again on December 4,
2008, and pleaded not guilty to spousal abuse and was banned from going
anywhere near his estranged wife, Russian model Victoria
Avila-Cornelius (Viktoria Chapman), who had filed two restraining orders against him. On March 19, 2009, he changed his plea to no contest and was placed on 36 months probation.
In the early morning hours of February 1, 2012, officers responded to
a report of a shooting at 12685 Mulholland Drive and found Cornelius
with an apparent self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head. He was taken
to Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, where he was pronounced dead by the Los Angeles County Assistant Chief Coroner. According to former Soul Train host, Shemar Moore, Cornelius may have been suffering from early onset of dementia or Alzheimer’s disease and his health had been in decline.
An autopsy found that Cornelius had been suffering from seizures
during the last 15 years of his life, a complication of a 21-hour brain
operation he underwent in 1982 to correct a congenital deformity in his
cerebral arteries. He admitted that he was never quite the same after
that surgery and it was a factor in his decision to retire from hosting Soul Train
in 1993. According to his son, he was in “extreme pain” by the end and
said shortly before his death, “I don’t know how much longer I can take
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Robert B. Cohen, American businessman, founder of Hudson News, died from progressive supranuclear palsy he was 86,
Robert Benjamin Cohen was an American businessman and founder of Hudson News, a chain of newsstands and stores located primarily in American airports and train stations. Cohen grew the Hudson retailer from a single location he opened in LaGuardia Airport in 1987. The Hudson News chain is now part of the larger Hudson Group retailer. The are approximately 600 Hudson News locations throughout the United States, as of 2012. Most are located in transportation hubs, including a 1,000-square-foot store in Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan.
News into the world’s largest airport newsstand
Cohen was born in Bayonne, New Jersey, to Isaac and Lillian Goodman Cohen on May 26, 1925. His father had previously run a newspaper delivery route and newsstand in Brooklyn, New York. In the early 1920s, Isaac Cohen founded a newspaper distributor, the Bayonne News Company. Robert Cohen earned his bachelor’s degree from New York University (NYU) in 1947. Cohen played on the NYU Violets basketball team in college and his teammates included Dolph Schayes. In 1947, the same year that he earned his bachelor’s degree, Cohen married his wife, the former Harriet Brandwein.
Newspaper and magazine distributorship
Cohen took control of his father’s newspaper and magazine
distribution company, the Hudson County News Company, shortly after
graduation from NYU.
Cohen focused much of his career (prior to founding Hudson News) on the expansion of his newspaper distribution business, Hudson County News Company, into one of the largest of its kind in the United States.
He served as president of Hudson County News Company. By the 1970s and
1980s, Cohen had grown the business into one of the largest magazine
distributorships and wholesalers in the United States, focusing on the Boston and New York City metropolitan areas.
Cohen found himself in legal trouble for business practices during
the early 1980s. In 1981, Cohen pleaded guilty in federal court to
paying Newspaper and Mail Deliverers Union officials $37,000 in exchange
for favorable treatment in dealings between the union and his
companies. He was fined $150,000 as part of the guilty plea.
Cohen acquired the Metropolitan News Company, the regional distributor of The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal in 1985 in a partnership with The New York Times. Cohen also acquired Newark Newsdealers which, again, was part of a partnership with The New York Times Company. Robert Cohen sold his interest of the distributorship and his companies to the The New York Times Company in 1994.
Cohen owned Worldwide Media Service Inc., which is the largest
newsstand distributor of American magazines outside of the United
States, from 1985 until 2003.
During the mid-1970s, Robert Cohen’s Hudson County News Company acquired a bankrupt newsstand at Newark International Airport, which marked his entrance into the retail sector. The newsstand had purchased magazines from Cohen’s Hudson County News Company before it went into bankruptcy. The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey,
which operates Newark International Airport and other transit hubs in
the New York City area, asked Cohen to take control of the airport
newsstand when it closed.
At the time of the purchase in the 1970s, airport newsstands were
described as very small, usually carrying only a limited selection of
newspapers, magazines and other periodicals. Cohen envisioned a larger, more modern, well lit news stores to replace the tiny, dim newsstands and kiosks. In 1987, Cohen opened the first Hudson News store in LaGuardia Airport in New York City. Hudson News stores featured a wide selection of hundreds of domestic and foreign publications, whose covers were fully displayed, allowing costumers to easily browse the selection.
The stores featured bright, inviting lighting and wide isles, in
contrast to other, cramped airport newsstands. Cohen called the layout
for his new Hudson News store a “new-concept newsstand.” The La Guardia location became the model for future Hudson News locations.
Robert Cohen’s son, James Cohen, succeeded his father as the president of the Hudson Group, which operates Hudson News. In 2008, Robert Cohen sold his majority stake in Hudson News to Dufry of Switzerland, one of the largest operators of duty-free stores in the world.
Outside of business, Cohen took a keen interest in racehorses. His best known horse, Hudson County, finished second in the Kentucky Derby in 1974, just behind race winner, Cannonade. Cohen had paid $6,700 for Hudson County before the Derby.
Robert Cohen died at the age of 86 at his home in Palm Beach, Florida, on February 1, 2012, of progressive supranuclear palsy, a neurological disorder.
He was survived by his wife, Harriet; son, James; six grandchildren;
and his sister, Rosalind Stone. He was predeceased by two children,
gossip columnist Claudia Cohen and Michael Cohen, who died in 1997. A memorial service was held at the Bergen Performing Arts Center in Englewood, New Jersey, where he and his family were longtime residents.
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Gerlando Alberti , also known as “U Paccarè” was a member of the Sicilian Mafia. He belonged to the Porta Nuova family in Palermo headed by Giuseppe Calò. His nickname was “u Paccarè”, the imperturbable one.
Alberti was involved in numerous notorious Mafia events, such as the Ciaculli massacre in 1963, the Viale Lazio massacre in 1969, the disappearance of journalist Mauro De Mauro in 1970, and the killing of Chief Prosecutor Pietro Scaglione in 1971.  He was one of the top mafiosi involved in cigarette smuggling and heroin trafficking in the 1970s. He once said of the Mafia: “Mafia! What is that? A kind of cheese?”
Alberti was the son of a fruit seller and was born and grew up in Palermo, in the derelict district of Danisinni.
He was born at home; the midwife begged to be allowed to bring his
mother to the front door because of the lack of daylight in the house.
He only went to school for four years. Alberti was initiated in the
Mafia by Gaetano Filippone. His first test was to steal an entire cheese. In 1956 he was acquitted of a killing for lack of evidence.
In the 1950s and 1960s, Alberti was considered to be an upstart Mafia boss in the shadow of men like Pietro Torretta, Tommaso Buscetta and the La Barbera brothers.
They formed the so-called “New Mafia”, which adopted new gangster
techniques. Those starting their careers in their shadow were forming
into new generation of mafiosi; they had initiative, and the road to
leadership of a cosca had suddenly become quicker and more readily available to those who were fast with their tommy-guns.
Alberti’s official business was selling textiles, employing a squad
of travelling salesmen, a wonderful cover for both his trafficking
operations and smuggling jewels and works of art (he allegedly possessed
a Caravaggio Nativity). In 1961 he set up a textile trading business in Milan and formed a cosca in Northern Italy, with bases in Genoa and Milan.
Alberti was indicted in July 1963 with 53 other mafiosi after the Ciaculli massacre, which turned the First Mafia War into a war against the Mafia. Together with Tommaso Buscetta, he was suspected of the attack against Angelo La Barbera, one of the protagonists of the war, in Milan in May 1963. At the “Trial of the 114” he was acquitted but sent into internal exile in a village in Lombardy.
Alberti, although living in Milan, had been in Palermo at the time of
the bomb attack in Ciaculli. Interrogated, he declared that he had been
with a woman and could not reveal her name.
In December 1969 he was again in Palermo (while he was supposed to be in exile) when Mafia boss Michele Cavataio
was killed by a Mafia hit squad for his double-crossing role in the
First Mafia War. At the time, the Carabinieri began to consider Alberti
as the boss of a kind of Murder Incorporated for the Sicilian Cosa Nostra.
Alberti was one of the rising stars of the Mafia in the 1970s. He had a luxurious lifestyle with apartments in Milan and Naples, he owned a green Maserati and he and his men spent their evenings at nightclubs with expensive women. His position was confirmed on June 17, 1970, when the traffic police in Milan stopped an Alfa Romeo for speeding. In the car were Alberti, Tommaso Buscetta, Salvatore “Ciaschiteddu” Greco, Gaetano Badalamenti and Giuseppe Calderone. Unaware of the identity of the men in the car the police let them continue their journey. At the time, they were involved in a series of meetings about the future of Cosa Nostra. They decided to set up a new Sicilian Mafia Commission (the first one was dissolved after the Ciaculli massacre) – initially headed by a triumvirate consisting of Gaetano Badalamenti, Stefano Bontade and the Corleonesi boss Luciano Leggio.
On May 5, 1971, Pietro Scaglione,
Chief Prosecutor of Palermo, was killed with his driver Antonino Lo
Russo. It was the first time since the end of World War II that the
Mafia had carried out a hit on an Italian magistrate. The police rounded
up 114 mafiosi who would be tried in the second “Trial of the 114″.
Scaglione was killed in the district under Alberti’s command. Alberti
had arrived from Naples just before the attack and left immediately
afterwards. A barman who had confirmed to the police that Alberti was in
Palermo while Scaglione’s murder was taking place was kidnapped and
At the second “Trial of the 114″ in 1974, Alberti was convicted and sentenced to six years. Sent to the island of Asinara, he escaped in June 1975, but was arrested again in December that year, hiding among Sicilians in Northern Italy.
In October 1977 he became a fugitive again, when he was supposed to
appear before a court in Naples charged with cigarette smuggling.
In March 1974, Alberti was charged in Rome with heroin trafficking as
the result a 30 month investigation. The inquiry started in September
1971 when US Customs agents seized 84 kilos of heroin in a Ford that was sent from Genoa to New York. Alberti and Gaetano Badalamenti were considered to be among the bosses of the international ring.
On August 25, 1980, two heroin-refining labs were discovered on Sicily; a small lab was discovered first in Trabia and later that day a bigger lab in uncovered in Carini that could produce 50 kilograms a week. Alberti was arrested with three Corsican chemists in Trabia, among them André Bousquet an old hand from the French Connection days, who was sent by Corsican gangster Gaetan Zampa. On his arrest, Alberti asked, “Mafia! What is that? A kind of cheese?”, denying any knowledge or association with the crime.
Attempt on life
Alberti was considered to be part of a moderate wing at the start of the 1981-83 Second Mafia War, allied with Gaetano Badalamenti and Stefano Bontade, against the Corleonesi led by Totò Riina. He barely survived an attempt on his life while incarcerated in the Ucciardone
prison on February 9, 1983. He received two sentences, one for the
heroin lab in Trabia and one life sentence for the killing of a hotel
owner who had tipped off the police about the lab.
Due to his conviction and his links with the men on the losing side of the Second Mafia War,
Alberti’s role in Cosa Nostra shrunk. On June 20, 2006, the aging
Alberti was arrested again when authorities issued 52 arrest warrants
against the top echelon of Cosa Nostra in the city of Palermo (Operation
Despite his life sentence he had obtained house arrest due to poor
health. On January 21, 2008, the Palermo Court absolved Alberti in
relation the Gotha investigation, but he received an 8 years and 5 months sentence in appeal.
He was arrested again on December 16, 2008, when the Carabinieri arrested 94 Mafiosi in Operation Perseo. He was among the men that wanted to re-establish the Sicilian Mafia Commission that had not been functioning since the arrest of Totò Riina in 1993. In October 2010, he was sentenced to 6 years and 4 months.
Due to his age and cancer he was put under house arrest. He died on
February 1, 2012, in his house in the Porta Nuova district of Palermo.
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