Did you know that The Flintstones was the most financially successful network animated franchise for three decades, before The Simpsons debuted?
Did you know that Flintstones was produced by Hanna-Barbera?
Did you know that Hana-Barbera was the (creators of Tom and Jerry)?
Did you know that Hana-Barbera comic production helped them to earn eight Emmys, a Golden Globe Award, and a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, among other merits?
Did you know that The Flintstones was the most financially successful network animated franchise for three decades, before The Simpsons debuted?
Did you know that The Honeymooners was said to be an inspiration for The Flintstones?
Did you know that Jackie Gleason said he considered suing Hanna-Barbera
for copying The Honeymooners but decided to let it pass?
Did you know that Henry Corden took over the voice responsibilities of Fred after Reed’s death in 1977?
|Jean Vander Pyl|
Mr. Slate – John Stephenson
Now if you didn’t know, now you know…
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Andrei Tverdokhlebov was a Soviet physicist, dissident and human
rights activist. In 1970, he founded – along with Valery Chalidze and Andrei Sakharov died he was 70.- the Committee on Human Rights in the USSR. In 1973, Tverdokhlebov – along with Valentin Turchin – founded the first chapter of Amnesty International in the Soviet Union.
He also helped found Group 73, a human rights organization that helped
political prisoners in the Soviet Union. He was the author/editor of
publications while in the Soviet Union, which were compiled in the
book, “In Defense of Human Rights”, published by Khronika Press, New
York, in 1975.
(Cyrillic: Андрей Николаевич
Andrei Tverdokhlebov was born in 1940 in Moscow into a high-ranking
Communist government family. His father, Nikolai Tverdokhlebov, was the
Soviet Deputy Minister of Culture in the 1950s and, later, the cultural
attache to the Soviet embassy in the Federal Republic of Germany.
Tverdokhlebov graduated from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, and did post-graduate work at the Dubno Institute of Nuclear Research, focusing on theoretical physics.
In 1980, he emigrated to the United States. He appeared at a hearing
before a U.S. House of Representatives subcommittee to discuss the role
of Soviet scientists in the Soviet human rights movement, but, for the
most part, ceased his human rights activities while in the U.S. However,
he actively continued his scientific research – first at Lehigh University, then at Drexel University where he received a Ph.D. in 1989 with the thesis, “A New Approach to Bulk Wave Propagation in Anisotropic Media.”
Human Rights Activism
In November 1970, Tverdokhlebov, along with Andrei Sakharov and Valery Chalidze announced the formation of the Committee on Human Rights in the USSR.
According to Sakharov’s memoirs, the international publicity of the
formation of this group surpassed any of their expectations. “For the
next week, a good half of all broadcasts over the Voice of America, the
BBC, and Deutsche Welle were about the Committee, stressing its
significance as an independent association that would study human rights
objectively and then publish its findings.”
In February 1971, Tverdokhlebov and his associate, Chalidze, were
summoned to the Moscow Procurator’s Office and told that “the existence
of their committee was an infringement of the law, and that by carrying
on their activities, they were laying themselves open to criminal
In 1973, Tverdokhlebov and Valentin Turchin founded the first chapter of Amnesty International in the Soviet Union. Tverdokhlebov served as the chapter’s Secretary.
In 1974, Tverdokhlebov was accosted on the streets of Moscow by KGB
agents, while walking home with a friend from a movie, and escorted back
to his apartment where the agents proceeded to search through his
belongings. During the search, several items were confiscated: three
issues of “A Chronicle of the Lithuanian Catholic Church”; a copy of
Gulag Archipelago; three issues of “A Chronicle of Human Rights”; an
issue of the “Bulletin of the Council of Relatives of
Evangelical-Christian Baptist Prisoners”; documents in defense of civil
rights; lists of addresses of political prisoners and their families;
lists of addresses of German families wishing to emigrate to the Federal
Republic of Germany (about 2,000 families); materials about the
situation in labor camps and prisons; notebooks; a typewriter; and a
On November 28, Tverdokhlebov issued a “Statement on the Search of
27/28 November’”, which ended with the sentence: “However, they have not
yet taken away my fountain pen.” This would be one of several searches of his apartment.
On April 18, 1975, Tverdokhlebov was arrested and taken to Lefortovo Prison to await his trial.
In 1975, 10 Jewish scholars spoke out strongly in defense of
Tverdokhlebov. “In a sharply worded appeal which has just reached the
West they call on ‘all people of good will’ to demand Dr.
Tverdokhlebov’s ‘immediate release.’ The appeal is notable, as Soviet
Jews do not normally intercede for non-Jews, and Tverdokhlebov is a
Russian. The only exceptions in the past have been the world-famous
figures of Andrei Sakharov and Alexander Solzhenitsyn.”
In April 1976, the Moscow Municipal Court sentenced Tverdokhlebov to
five years in exile for “dissemination of fabrications, known to be
false, which discredit the Soviet State and social system”. He was
exiled to a small village of Nyurbachan in Yakutia, in Siberia.
According to a New Scientist article from 1976, the village only
had a few hundred inhabitants and was cut off from normal transport for
eight months of the year due to extreme weather conditions. In October
1976, Andrei Sakharov
and his wife traveled from Moscow to visit Tverdokhlebov in exile – a
precarious journey, which Sakharov outlined in his memoirs
In January 1980, Tverdokhlebov emigrated to the United States.
To see more of who died in 2011 click here
Hubert Charles Sumlin was a Chicago blues guitarist and singer,
best known for his “wrenched, shattering bursts of notes, sudden
cliff-hanger silences and daring rhythmic suspensions” as a member of Howlin’ Wolf‘s band died from heart failure he was 80.. Sumlin was listed as number 43 in the Rolling Stone 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time.
Sumlin played a 1955 Gibson Les Paul Goldtop guitar and a Louis Electric Model HS M12 amplifier.
(November 16, 1931 – December 4, 2011)
Born in Greenwood, Mississippi, Sumlin was raised in Hughes, Arkansas. He got his first guitar when he was eight years old.
As a boy, Sumlin first met Howlin’ Wolf by sneaking into a performance.
When Wolf relocated from Memphis to Chicago in 1953, his long-time
guitarist Willie Johnson chose not to join him. Upon his arrival in Chicago, Wolf first hired Chicago guitarist Jody Williams,
and in 1954 Wolf invited Sumlin to relocate to Chicago to play second
guitar in his Chicago-based band. Williams left the band in 1955,
leaving Sumlin as the primary guitarist, a position he held almost
continuously (except for a brief spell playing with Muddy Waters
around 1956) for the remainder of Wolf’s career. According to Sumlin,
Howlin’ Wolf sent Sumlin to a classical guitar instructor at the Chicago Conservatory of Music for a while to learn the keyboards and scales. Sumlin played on the album Howlin’ Wolf, also called The Rockin’ Chair Album, which was named the third greatest guitar album of all time by Mojo magazine in 2004.
Upon Wolf’s death in 1976, Sumlin continued on with several other
members of Wolf’s band under the name “The Wolf Pack” until about 1980.
Sumlin also recorded under his own name, beginning with a session from a
tour of Europe with Wolf in 1964. His final solo effort was About Them Shoes,
released in 2004 by Tone-Cool Records. He underwent lung removal
surgery the same year, yet continued performing until just before his
Sumlin was inducted into the Blues Foundation Hall of Fame in 2008. He was nominated for four Grammy Awards: in 1999 for the album Tribute to Howlin’ Wolf with Henry Gray, Calvin Jones, Sam Lay, and Colin Linden, in 2000 for Legends with Pinetop Perkins, in 2006 for his solo project About Them Shoes (which featured performances by Keith Richards, Eric Clapton, Levon Helm, David Johansen and James Cotton) and in 2010 for his participation on Kenny Wayne Shepherd‘s Live! in Chicago. He won multiple Blues Music Awards, and was a judge for the fifth annual Independent Music Awards to support independent artists’ careers.
He died on December 4, 2011, in a hospital in Wayne, New Jersey, of heart failure at the age of 80. Mick Jagger and Keith Richards paid Sumlin’s funeral costs.
|1964||American Folk Blues||Amiga||850 043||Germany||1969||Hubert’s “American” Blues ! (Scout Sc-4)|
|1974||Kings of Chicago Blues, Vol. 2||Disques Vogue||LDM 30175||France, recorded 1971|
|1976||Groove||Black & Blue||33.511||France, recorded 1975|
|1980||Gamblin’ Woman||L + R||42.008||Germany, recorded 1980|
|1987||Hubert Sumlin’s Blues Party||Black Top||BT-1036||US|
|1989||Heart & Soul||Blind Pig||BP-3389||US|
|1990||Healing Feeling||Black Top||BT-1053||US|
|1991||Blues Guitar Boss||JSP||239||UK, recorded 1990 in London|
|1994||Made in Argentina 1993||Blues Special||9501||Argentina, recorded 1993 in Buenos Aires with Emilion Villanueva and the Kansas City Boys|
|1994||I’m the Back Door Man||Blues Special||9506||Argentina, recorded 1993 in Buenos Aires|
|1996||Blues Classics||Bellaphon||82007||Germany, recorded 1964 in East Berlin|
|1998||I Know You||APO||2004||US|
|1998||Wake Up Call||Blues Planet||1116||US|
|1999||Pinetop Perkins & Hubert Sumlin: Legends||Telarc||83446||US|
|2003||Doing the Don’t||Intuition||34252||Germany; Elliott Sharp‘s Terraplane, with Hubert Sumlin|
|2004||About Them Shoes||Tone-Cool/Artemis Records||51609||US, also Rykodisc RCD 17307 in the UK|
|2012||Sky Road Songs||Yellowbird||7724-2||Germany; Elliott Sharp‘s Terraplane, with special guest Hubert Sumlin (recorded in 2011)|
|2005||The Blues Guitar of Hubert Sumlin||Homespun Tapes||SUMGT21||US, VHS & DVD|
To see more of who died in 2011 click here
Sócrates Brasileiro Sampaio de Souza Vieira de Oliveira, MD , simply Sócrates, was a Brazilian footballer who played as an attacking midfielder died from septic shock he was 57.. He was also a qualified doctor.
He played for Botafogo-SP before joining Corinthians in 1978. He then moved to Italy to play for Fiorentina, returning to Brazil in 1985 to end his career.
(19 February 1954 – 4 December 2011)
Sócrates was a technical playmaker, known for great through passes
and his vision on the field, as well as his physical strength. He was
also a two-footed player and a prolific goal scorer. His ability to read
the game was highly valued, and his signature move was the blind heel
pass. He was considered to be one of the greatest midfielders ever to play the game. Easily recognizable for his beard and headband, he became the “symbol of cool for a whole generation of football supporters”.
Sócrates played for Brazil during seven years, scoring more than 20 goals and representing the nation in two World Cups, captaining the team in the 1982 edition; he also appeared in the 1979 and 1983 Copa América tournaments, and was named South American Footballer of the Year in 1983, being selected to Pelé‘s FIFA 100 list in 2004.
Sócrates was born in Belém do Pará. He began playing football professionally in 1974 for Botafogo-SP in his native Ribeirão Preto, but spent the majority of his career (1978 to 1984) with Corinthians, scoring 41 goals in 59 Série A games, and 172 goals in 297 matches in total.
In 1984–85, aged 30, Sócrates had his first experience abroad, playing in Serie A with Fiorentina. He returned to his country after that sole season, representing Flamengo, Santos and former club Botafogo-SP, and retiring in 1989.
In 2004, more than a decade after retiring, 50-year-old Sócrates agreed to a one month player-coaching deal with Garforth Town of the Northern Counties East Football League in England. He made his only appearance for the club on 20 November, against Tadcaster Albion, coming on as a substitute twelve minutes from time.
Sócrates was capped 60 times for Brazil between May 1979 and June 1986, scoring 22 goals. He captained the national team at the 1982 FIFA World Cup, and also appeared in the 1986 World Cup in Mexico. In the latter edition, he scored twice, starting with the game’s only goal against Spain in the group stage. he added another in the round-of-16 4–0 win over Poland, shooting his penalty kick without running; in the following game, against France, he tried to convert it in the same fashion, but had his shootout attempt saved by goalkeeper Joël Bats.
Sócrates also represented the country at the 1979 and 1983 Copa América tournaments. In the latter he appeared in only one game, the second leg of the final against Uruguay (1–1 home draw, 1–3 aggregate loss).
|Brazil||League||Copa do Brasil||State League||South America||Total|
|Brazil||League||Copa do Brasil||State League||South America||Total|
|England||League||FA Cup||FA Vase||Europe||Total|
|Brazil national team|
Sócrates lived in Ribeirão Preto with his wife and six children. He
was a columnist for a number of newspapers and magazines, writing not
only about sports, but also politics and economics. He frequently
appeared on Brazilian TV programmes as a football pundit. At the time of
his death, Sócrates was writing a fiction book about the 2014 World Cup
Sócrates was a doctor of medicine, a rare achievement for a professional footballer (he was a graduate of the Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto). Even rarer is the fact that he earned the degree while concurrently playing professional football. After retiring as a player he practised medicine at Ribeirão Preto.
He was also noted for being an intellectual, a heavy drinker and a smoker. His younger brother Raí was also a footballer and an attacking midfielder, being a member of the Brazilian team that won the World Cup in 1994, notably playing for São Paulo and for Paris Saint-Germain.
During his time at Corinthians, Sócrates co-founded the Corinthians Democracy movement, in opposition to the then-ruling military government.
Sócrates and his team mates protested against the regime’s treatment of
footballers, and showed support to the wider movement for democratisation, by wearing shirts with “Democracia” written on them during games. Sócrates has stated that three of his childhood heroes were Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and John Lennon. “Lula was good, he said, but earned a mere seven or so out of ten for how he had governed Brazil.”
Legacy and death
Pelé named Sócrates as one of the Top 125 Living Footballers in March 2004 and World Soccer named him one of 100 best footballers in history. In October 2008, he was inducted into the Pacaembu Brazilian Football Museum Hall of Fame.
On 19 August 2011, Sócrates was admitted to intensive care in the Albert Einstein Hospital in São Paulo with gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to portal hypertension and was discharged nine days later. The following month he spent 17 days in hospital with a liver ailment. On 1 December 2011, he was hospitalised with food poisoning which developed into septic shock and he was put on life-support. He died on 4 December 2011 at the age of 57. He was survived by his wife and six children.
President of Brazil, Dilma Rousseff,
paid tribute, saying Brazil had lost “one of its most cherished sons”.
“On the field, with his talent and sophisticated touches, he was a
genius. Off the field… he was active politically, concerned with his
people and his country.”
Corinthians fans held up signs in tribute and there was a moment of
silence before the team’s match against Palmeiras (a 0–0 draw which
secured Corinthians their first Brazilian title for six years). Fiorentina held a minute’s silence before their league match against Roma, and the players wore black armbands in tribute.
Former Brazil striker Ronaldo tweeted: “Sad start to the day. Rest in peace Dr. Socrates.” Zico called him “unique”. Italy’s Paolo Rossi described the death as “a piece of our history that’s broken off and gone away”. Garforth chairman Simon Clifford paid tribute to the “great grace” of Sócrates.
There is a persistent myth that Sócrates studied medicine in Dublin,
Ireland, and that during this time he played reserve football for University College Dublin
The rumour gained some credibility following articles in several
newspapers apparently confirming it, in one case even citing a
confirmation by a named source within the Football Association of Ireland. The story is, however, untrue, and has been debunked in other newspaper articles, and denied by the Dublin college.
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(24 March 1974 – 5 December 2011)
Born in Manila, his family migrated to Sydney, Australia when he was thirteen.
He spent his early adult years in Sydney, where his family still
resides, while he constantly moved to Singapore and Manila for work.
Rosales finished a BS Mathematics degree from the University of Western Sydney
and worked as a banker before entering show business. His childhood
idols included James Ingram, Mariah Carey, Anthony Warlow and Martin Nievera.
Rosales started his professional career by joining the cast of the original Australian production of Miss Saigon in 1996 as part of the ensemble.
A major turning point for a banker with a BS Mathematics
However, the production only lasted three months,
but later on in the late-1998 Rosales moved to Singapore and began a
successful career both in theatre and television. His theatre credits
that include leading roles in Chang and Eng – the Musical, The Student Prince, Man of Letters, Cabaret, and Forbidden City. He also made numerous Singapore television appearances that included Spin and Style Doctors.
In addition, his work has extended to the Philippines where Rosales
is also praised as a successful singer, actor, host and recording
artist, performing with several popular artists, the most notable being
the hit movie theme song Together Forever with Carol Banawa. It was his regular stint in ASAP, the number 1 musical variety show in the Philippines that made him a household name in the country.
He has held live concerts in the USA, Australia, Singapore, Japan and Thailand.
In the movie scene he was seen in the MMFF Best Movie for 2005, Blue Moon, where he was nominated for Best Supporting Actor.
From 2007 to 2008 Rosales was in Australia, performing in the revived production of Sir Cameron Mackintosh‘s musical Miss Saigon, in which he portrays Thuy, alongside Laurie Cadevida. For this role, he was nominated for the 2007 Helpmann Awards Best Supporting Actor in a Musical.
During the latter part of the tour, Rosales also understudied and
played the role of the Engineer, again earning him rave reviews. After
completing the 14-month Miss Saigon tour that wowed audiences in Sydney,
Melbourne, Adelaide, Brisbane and Perth, RJ went back to Singapore to
stage his comeback solo concert at the Esplanade Theatres on the Bay
dubbed as A Musical Journey with RJ Rosales on 29 August 2008.
- Style Doctors (2004)
- ASAP (2001–2004)
- Attagirl (2001–2002)
- Da Pilya n Da Pilot (2001–2002)
- Sa Puso Ko Iingatan Ka (2002)
- Miss Earth (2002)
- Your Honor (2001–2002)
- Spin (2000–2001)
- ABCs of Health (2000–2001)
- The Making of Miss Saigon (2001)
- Blue Moon (2006)
To see more of who died in 2011 click here
Solange Pierre, Dominican Republic human rights advocate, winner of Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award (2006), died from a heart attack she was 48
Solange Pierre , known as Sonia Pierre, was a human rights advocate in the Dominican Republic who worked to end antihaitianismo, which is discrimination against individuals from Haiti or Dominicans of Haitian origin. For this work, she won the 2006 Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award died from a heart attack she was 48.. 
(1963 – December 4, 2011)
Pierre was born in Villa Altagracia, San Cristóbal, Dominican Republic, in 1963 to parents of Haitian descent. One of twelve children, she was raised in a migrant worker camp called a batey,
where many of the Dominican Republic’s people of Haitian descent live.
Her birth certificate lists her name as Solain Pie, which Pierre “says
is the result of an error by a government clerk.”
Her nationality was disputed by some on the grounds that her birth
certificate is forged, the residence status of her Haitian parents and
the lack of evidenciary documentation from Haiti.
At the age of 13, she organized a five-day protest by sugar cane
workers on one of the country’s bateyes, which lead to her being
arrested. However, the protest attracted enough public attention that
the workers’ demands—namely, to have their living quarters painted and
be given better tools and pay raises—were met.
On December 4, 2011, Pierre died at the age of 48 from a heart attack
while being rushed to the hospital in Villa Altagracia, San Cristóbal,
Pierre worked as director of the non-governmental organization Movement for Dominican Women of Haitian Descent (MUDHA), which aims to end antihaitianismo or bias against individuals from Haiti in the Dominican Republic.
In 2005, Pierre petitioned the Inter-American Court of Human Rights on the case of two ethnic Haitian children who were denied Dominican birth certificates. Called Yean and Bosico v. Dominican Republic, the case “upheld human rights laws prohibiting racial discrimination in access to nationality and citizenship.” The court also ordered the Dominican government to provide the birth certificates.
However, the Dominican Supreme Court later ruled that “Haitian
workers were considered ‘in transit,’ and that their children were
therefore not entitled to citizenship.”
Awards and honors
For her work, Pierre won the 2006 Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award handed down by former US Senator Edward “Ted” Kennedy, but NOT on behalf of the US Congress.(see. U.S. Senator Edward Kennedy
said of her that “With certitude, I can affirm that Sonia is one of the
most selfless, courageous and compassionate human beings of my
generation. Sonia is very near the top of my list of heroines.”
Pierre also won Amnesty International‘s 2003 Human Rights Ginetta Sagan Fund Award, and she and MUDHA were nominated for the UNESCO Prize for Human Rights Education in 2002.
She was honored by the United States Department of State with a 2010 International Women of Courage Award.
To see more of who died in 2011 click here
James S. Malosky, American football coach (Minnesota-Duluth Bulldogs), died from respiratory failure he was 82.
James Samuel “Jim” Malosky, Sr. was an American football coach died from respiratory failure he was 82.. He ranks 18th all-time in wins among college football coaches in all divisions. He was the head football coach at the University of Minnesota Duluth
(formerly known as Duluth State Teachers College) for 40 years from
1958 to 1997. He compiled a career record of 255–125–13 and is ranked
second all-time in wins among NCAA Division II football coaches.
(December 14, 1928 – December 4, 2011)
Malosky was a native of Crosby, Minnesota, who began his coaching career at Morris and Morningside-Edina High Schools. He was hired as the head football coach at University of Minnesota Duluth in 1958 and led the team to Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference championships in 1960, 1961 and 1973. In 1976, the school joined the Northern Sun Intercollegiate Conference.
Malosky led the team to six Northern Sun championships in 1979, 1980,
1985, 1990, 1995, and 1996. Malosky’s 1980 team compiled a perfect
10-0-0 record, which was part of a 20-game winning streak, which “at the
time was the longest in all of college football.”
Malosky was forced to retire due to health concerns. Malosky had
never missed a game, practice, or teaching assignment in 40 years.
However, in May 1998, he suffered a mild stroke. He recovered from the
stroke sufficiently to attend practices and games in the fall of 1998,
but he realized that he “couldn’t run the ship the way he had in the
At the time of his retirement, he was the winningest coach in NCAA
Division II football history and ranked 11th among all college football
coaches in all divisions. As of 2008, he ranked 2nd among NCAA Division II coaches (behind Ken Sparks) and 18th among all college football coaches in all divisions.
Malosky was inducted into the Minnesota High School Football Coaches
Association Hall of Fame in 1994, the University of Minnesota Hall of
Fame in 1996, the University of Minnesota Duluth Athletic Hall of Fame
in 1999, and the Northern Sun Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Hall
of Fame in 2000.
In 2004, the University of Minnesota Duluth renamed its football stadium in Malosky’s honor as James S. Malosky Stadium.
The stadium underwent a $6.5 million renovation in 2008. At a
nationally televised game on September 11, 2008, the stadium was
officially dedicated to Malosky. Malosky was honored in a pre-game
ceremony and received a standing ovation from the crowd.
In 2009, Malosky received the Distinguished Minnesotan Award by the
Minnesota Chapter of the National Football Foundation and the College Football Hall of Fame. The award is given to individuals who have made a lifelong contribution to football in the state of Minnesota.
The Jim Malosky Coach of the Year Award, named after Malosky, is given annually to the Division II Coach of the Year.
He died December 4, 2011 due to respiratory failure.
To see more of who died in 2011 click here
Manu Alamein Kopu was a New Zealand politician died he was 68..
(1943 – 4 December 2011)
Birth and early life
Kopu was raised in Opotiki. Her family was not wealthy, and Kopu characterised her youth as containing “much hardship”. In 1978, her family moved to Sydney, Australia. In Australia, Kopu became involved with[clarification needed] community programs aimed at drug users and prostitutes, something that she continued after arriving back in New Zealand in 1986. Kopu also had considerable involvement[clarification needed] in rehabilitation programs for criminals.
|Parliament of New Zealand|
|1997–97||Changed allegiance to:||Independent|
|1997–99||Changed allegiance to:||Mana Wahine|
In addition to this work, Kopu was also involved in various Māori cultural and educational programs. She quickly joined Mana Motuhake, a political party based around promoting Māori interests and welfare. When Mana Motuhake joined with several other groups to establish the Alliance, Kopu became involved in the new organization. In the 1993 election, she stood as its candidate for the Eastern Māori, but was unsuccessful. In the 1996 election, the first to be conducted under the new MMP
system, Kopu contested the Te Tai Rawhiti seat, and was ranked twelfth
on the Alliance list. While she did not win Te Tai Rawhiti, the Alliance
received enough votes for Kopu to enter parliament as a list MP.
Kopu gradually came under increasing criticism, having been
unemployed for nearly two decades prior to her lucrative appointment as
an MP and the ‘backdoor’ manner in which she was seen as having attained
that position.
This was compounded by her apparent lack of participation – many
Alliance colleagues complained that she was rarely seen in Parliament,
and believed that she was not doing sufficient work. Other causes of
criticism stemmed from internal tensions between different factions of
Mana Motuhake. Kopu resented the criticism, and voiced the possibility
of leaving the Alliance.
In July 1997, Kopu finally resigned from her party. In a televised
statement, she refused to talk in English and, speaking in Maori, blamed
racist discrimination for her predicament, going as far as stating that
“apartheid is alive and well in New Zealand”. When parliamentary services entered her electorate office it was missing furniture earlier allocated to her. The police carried out an investigation and recovered the missing material. No charges were laid against Kopu.
The issue was also of particular relevance due to her status as a list MP
– she had been elected to parliament by virtue of her position on the
Alliance list, not through any votes she had received personally, and as
such, many believed that Kopu had no right to remain in parliament.
Moreover, Kopu (like all other Alliance MPs) had previously signed a
pledge affirming that if she ever left the party, she would resign from
parliament. Kopu had, in fact, reaffirmed this pledge only a few days
before she quit. The leader of the Alliance, Jim Anderton, said that Kopu’s actions “breach[ed] every standard of morality and ethics that are known”.
Kopu defended her decision by saying that she was only doing what was
best for Māori. Upon leaving the Alliance, she also received strong
support from several other Māori MPs, notably Tau Henare of the New Zealand First
party. Henare, who had often criticised the Alliance’s (and Mana
Motuhake’s) approach to Māori affairs, said that Kopu was welcome to
join New Zealand First, although this was later rejected by other
members of the party. Kopu quickly aligned herself with the governing
A hearing of parliament’s privileges committee found that Kopu had
not resigned from parliament, and that her pledge to the Alliance did
not constitute a constructive resignation. The dispute led to the introduction of legislation, the Electoral Integrity Act (2001) preventing what became known as waka jumping.
After spending some time as an independent, Kopu decided to establish her own political party, Mana Wahine Te Ira Tangata. When she launched the party in October 1997, Kopu claimed to have 6,000 members.
The party was ostensibly based on promoting the welfare of Māori women.
Many of Kopu’s critics, however, claimed that the party was established
primarily to ensure Kopu received more generous parliamentary funding.
Mana Wahine became significant when, in 1999, the governing National Party
found itself reliant on Mana Wahine’s support (along with that of
various former New Zealand First MPs). National, left with a precarious
majority when its coalition with New Zealand First collapsed, needed as
much support as it could find, and managed to obtain Kopu’s backing.
In the 1999 election,
Kopu stood as her party’s candidate in the Waiariki electorate. Eleven
other Mana Wahine candidates also stood. The party had also intended to
submit a party list, but Kopu failed to submit it before the deadline.
This eliminated the possibility of Kopu remaining in parliament as a
list MP – she would need to win her electorate race in order to keep her
seat. In the election, however, Kopu won only 1.7% of the vote in
Waiariki, placing sixth. Moreover, the national vote for Mana Wahine
candidates indicated that Kopu would not have been returned as a list MP
in any case. Kopu lost her parliamentary seat.
Kopu died in Rotorua on 4 December 2011.
To see more of who died in 2011 click here
Besim Kabashi was an Albanian-German kickboxer who competed in the light heavyweight, cruiserweight and heavyweight divisions died he was 35.. He began his training in Germany after emigrating from Kosovo
and initially competed as a -79 kg/174 lb fighter before moving up
through the weight classes until eventually reaching heavyweight. After
stints as a German and European champion, Kabasi won the WKA World Heavyweight Muay Thai title in 2008. Although he defended this belt numerous times and had an impressive 80% knockout ratio, he rarely fought outside his hometown of Munich or against top-ranked competition, and so was never considered elite at any weight class.
He died from an apparent drug overdose in December 2011.
(Albanian: Besim Kabaši; February 27, 1976 – December 4, 2011)
Kabashi was born as the youngest of seven children to Kosovar Albanian parents near Istok, SFR Yugoslavia (now Kosovo) in 1976 and moved to Munich, Germany at the age of fourteen. He competed in athletics, football and swimming as a youngster before he began kickboxing when he was seventeen.
After successful careers in amateur boxing and kickboxing, Kabashi turned professional in 1997 and won the WKA
German Light Heavyweight (-79 kg/174.2 lb) Championship in his debut
year. He then followed this up by taking the WKA German Super Light
Heavyweight (-83.2 kg/183.4 lb) title the following year. Despite a
promising start to his career, Kabashi would then retire from the sport
in 2002 following a disagreement with his trainer.
He returned to the ring in 2006, weighing in at 102 kg/224 lb. His
transition to heavyweight saw him have success almost immediately as he knocked out
Zoran Dorcic in round two to become the WKA European Super Heavyweight
(+95 kg/209.4 lb) Champion in 2007. He then won the WKA World
Heavyweight (-95 kg/209.4 lb) Muay Thai belt on December 13, 2008 when
he defeated Yahya Gülay by fourth round technical knockout. Kabashi defended this title seven times over the next three years against the likes of David Dancrade and Petr Vondráček before his untimely death in December 2011.
Championships and awards
- World Kickboxing Association
- WKA German Light Heavyweight (-79 kg/174.2 lb) Championship
- WKA German Super Light Heavyweight (-83.2 kg/183.4 lb) Championship
- WKA European Super Heavyweight (+95 kg/209.4 lb) Championship
- WKA World Heavyweight (-95 kg/209.4 lb) Muay Thai Championship
Matti Yrjänä Joensuu  was a Finnish writer of crime fiction. He has been awarded the State’s Literature Prize (1982), Vuoden johtolanka prize (1985, 1994, 2004), and he has been nominated for two Finlandias died he was 63.. He received the Martin Beck Award in 1987.
Joensuu has written several novels about the personal life and work
of policeman Timo Harjunpää. He is a very credible and pleasant man, who
treats the criminals as humanely as his own family, which consists of
Timo, his wife Elisa and three children (Valpuri, Pipsa and Pauliina).
Harjunpää has also been shown on TV. Joensuu’s work has been translated into English, Bulgarian, Dutch, Italian, Norwegian, French, Swedish, German, Slovak, Danish, Hungarian, Russian and Estonian.
- Harjunpää and the Stone Murders (Victor Gollancz 1986), translated by Raili Taylor (Harjunpää ja poliisin poika, 1983)
- The Priest of Evil (Arcadia 2006), translated by David Hackston (Harjunpää ja pahan pappi, 2003)
- To Steal Her Love (Arcadia 2008), translated by David Hackston (Harjunpää ja rakkauden nälkä, 1993)
- La stanza di ferro (Elliot edizioni, 2013), traduzione di Rosario Fina
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Carrot Top is an
Thompson was born February 25, 1965 and raised in Rockledge, Florida. He lived in Cocoa, Florida during part of his youth. He graduated from Cocoa High School in 1983, and enrolled at Florida Atlantic University in Boca Raton later that year. While still a freshman at Florida Atlantic, he appeared in his first standup comedy routine with Josh Abelson.
Carrot Top has appeared in Larry the Cable Guy’s Christmas Spectacular, Gene Simmons Family Jewels, Space Ghost Coast to Coast, Criss Angel Mindfreak, Scrubs (2001), George Lopez, and Tugger: The Jeep 4×4 Who Wanted to Fly (2005). His movie roles include Chairman of The Board, and he also served as a spokesman in commercials for 1-800-CALL-ATT. In 2002, he recorded a commentary track for The Rules of Attraction. In 2006, Carrot Top appeared in the Reno 911!
episode “Weigel’s Pregnant” as an enraged version of himself who
trashed his hotel room, resisted arrest, and stole a police car. In
2008, he was a guest judge for Last Comic Standing in a contest wherein the participants had to perform prop comedy at a Bed, Bath and Beyond, using store items with only an hour to prepare.
From 1995 to 1999, Carrot Top was the continuity announcer for Cartoon Network, for which he also produced and starred in an early morning show called Carrot Top’s AM Mayhem for two years (1994–1996).
As of 2005, he headlines at the Luxor Hotel in Las Vegas and performs various comedy engagements when his show is not playing.
His comedy routine incorporates dozens of props stored in large trunks
on stage; his prop jokes commonly consist simply of his pulling out a
prop, describing it in a one-liner, and tossing it away.
On January 16, 2010, Carrot Top appeared on the reality game show Don’t Forget The Lyrics!, wherein he assisted illusionists Penn & Teller in their quest for the million-dollar grand prize. He was one of the roasters at the Comedy Central Roast of Flavor Flav and Gene Simmons Roast. He appeared on a second season episode of the TV series Mind Freak and has been a regular guest on the show every season since. He also appeared in an episode of the reality series The Bad Girls Club. He appeared as himself in “Man Up,” an episode of CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, which was originally broadcast January 6, 2011, in Family Guy in 2006, in the episode “Petergeist”, , and Scrubs.
He has appeared on numerous nighttime television talk shows. In 1996, he appeared on the animated/live action Cartoon Network talk show Space Ghost Coast to Coast. On February 8, 2010, he appeared on an episode of The Jay Leno Show, wherein he had pies thrown at him by Leno and guest Emma Roberts.
He also appeared on an episode of Tosh.0, receiving a full-body massage from Daniel Tosh.
On October 22, 2011, Carrot Top appeared as a first-time guest panelist on Red Eye w/Greg Gutfeld.
Carrot Top has also been frequently parodied; examples include Mr. Show (in which David Cross appears as “Blueberry Head”), King of the Hill (“Celery Head”), Family Guy (“Carrot Scalp”; he also made a guest appearance on the show as himself in “Petergeist“), South Park (“Carrot Ass”), MADtv, Phineas and Ferb (“Broccoli Top”), The Wayans Bros. (“Cabbage Head”), and The Suite Life on Deck (“Parsnip Top”).
- Tosh.0 (2013)
- CSI: Crime Scene Investigation (2011) as himself
- Tosh.0 (2010)
- Cash Cab (2010)
- The Hangover – Appears in the photographs as himself during the film credits (2009)
- The Game as himself (2009)
- The Bad Girls Club – Episode 8 (2009)
- The Girls Next Door (2008)
- “Gene Simmons Family Jewels” as himself (2007)
- Smiley Face – Brief walk on part (2007)
- Family Guy (2006)
- Tugger: The Jeep 4×4 Who Wanted to Fly (2005)
- George Lopez as himself (2005)
- The Aristocrats as himself (2005)
- Pauly Shore is Dead as himself (2003)
- Carrot Top Rocks Las Vegas (2003)
- Weakest Link (2002) as himself
- Scrubs as himself (2001)
- The Three Stooges N.Y.U.K. as Dr. Eugene Splicer (2000)
- Dennis the Menace Strikes Again (1998)
- Chairman of the Board (1998)
- Pure Danger (1996)
- Hourglass (1996)
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Did you know that as a child, Perkins developed many flavoring
extracts and perfumes?
Did you know that in 1918, Perkins married his childhood sweetheart, Kitty, and developed a remedy to kick the tobacco habit called “Nix-O-Tine”?
Did you know that KOOL-AID competition was Fruit Smack, which was
sold via mail order in the 1920s?
Did you know that in 1927, Perkins developed a
method of removing the liquid from Fruit Smack so the remaining powder
could be re-packaged in envelopes (which Perkins designed and printed)
under a new name to be called Kool-Ade?
Did you know that the original spelling of KOOL-AID was Kool-Ade?
Did you know that Tropical Punch is the most popular flavor of KOOL-AID sold?
Did you know that Orange is the 5th best selling KOOL-AID sold?
- Tropical Punch
Did you know that KOOL-AID highest sells are recorded is most popular in St. Louis,
Did you know that Memphis, TN is one of the five cities that KOOL-AID records its highest sales?
Did you know that KOOL-AID has been available in Latin America?
Did you know that a Spanish version of KOOL-AID began printing its label shortly after
Did you know that KOOL-AID is also available in Canada, the
Caribbean, and Asia?
Did you know that more than 563 million gallons of KOOL-AID are consumed each year, with
more than 225 million gallons in the summer?
Now if you didn’t know, now you know…
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Patricia C. Dunn, American businesswoman, Chairman of Hewlett-Packard (2005–2006), died from ovarian cancer she was 58
Patricia “Pat” Dunn , also known as Patricia Cecile Dunn-Jahnke, was the non-executive chairman of the board of Hewlett-Packard (HP) from February 2005 until September 22, 2006, when she resigned her position died from ovarian cancer she was 58..
On October 4, 2006, Bill Lockyer, the California attorney general, charged Dunn with four felonies for her role in the HP spying scandal. Some members of the press reported that Dunn had been scapegoated.
On March 14, 2007, California Superior Court judge Ray Cunningham
dropped criminal charges against her in the “interest of justice”.
(March 27, 1953 – December 4, 2011)
Born in Burbank, California, Dunn grew up in Las Vegas, Nevada,
where both of her parents were involved in the casino industry. Her
father was the entertainment manager for the Dunes and Tropicana
hotel-casinos, and her mother was a model and showgirl. When Dunn was
only eleven, her father died. Her mother subsequently moved the family
Dunn entered the University of Oregon in 1970, but later had to drop out to support her mother by working as a housecleaner. She resumed college and graduated from UC Berkeley, where she graduated in 1975 with a B.A. in Journalism.
After college, Dunn began working as a temporary secretary at Wells Fargo & Co., where she eventually became CEO at Barclays Global Investors,
the company that acquired the asset management division of Wells Fargo.
She later joined the HP Board of Directors. She received the Financial Women’s Association of San Francisco “Financial Woman of the Year” award in 2001.
She eventually succeeded Carly Fiorina as chairman of the board. Dunn was non-executive Vice Chairman of Barclays Global Investors
since 2002, resigning on October 6, 2006, the day after her criminal
indictment (see below). Additionally, she was Director and Executive
Committee member of Larkin Street Youth Services in San Francisco, on the board of the Conference Board’s Global Corporate Governance Research Center, and an advisory board member of UC Berkeley Haas School of Business.
Dunn was at the center of a controversy regarding her effort to investigate board-level leaks to reporters in 2005-2006.
HP hired companies which, while investigating the leaks, obtained the
personal telephone records of HP board members and reporters who
covered HP through a practice called pretexting. It is illegal under California law to use deceit and trickery to obtain private records of individuals.
On September 12, 2006, HP announced that Mark Hurd,
a former CEO, would replace her as Chairman after the HP board meeting
on January 18, 2007, but that Dunn would continue as an HP board member
after January 18, 2007, a position she had held since 1998. Even so, on
September 22, 2006, in a press conference, Dunn resigned, effective
immediately, from both her position as chairman and from the board of
directors of HP. In an official statement, Dunn noted “I accepted the
responsibility to identify the sources of those leaks, but I did not
propose the specific methods of the investigation … Unfortunately, the
people HP relied upon to conduct this type of investigation let me and
the company down. I continue to have the best interests of HP at heart
and thus I have accepted the board’s request to resign.” Hurd replaced her as Chairman.
On October 4, 2006, Dunn and four others were charged by California attorney general Bill Lockyer with four felony counts: fraudulent use of wire, radio or television transmissions; taking, copying, and using computer data without authorization; identity theft; and conspiracy. Lockyer had issued arrest warrants for all five of those so charged.
Dunn was scheduled to have been arraigned on November 17, 2006. On
March 14, 2007, the judge in the case dropped all criminal charges
against her in the “interests of justice”. The dropping of the criminal
charges by Judge Cunningham came after Dunn refused to take a plea of
one misdemeanor in exchange for four felonies before the preliminary
hearing. Bill Lockyer, the man who had been criticised for bringing the
case against Dunn in the first place, defended his bringing of the case
in a letter to the editor of the Wall Street Journal. HP General Counsel Ann Baskins
resigned on September 28, 2006. Baskins, who advised Dunn about
“tightening control over Board members”, was not indicted by Lockyer.
Dunn had survived breast cancer and melanoma, but had been diagnosed with advanced (Stage IV) ovarian cancer in January 2004. Chemotherapy treatment led to remission until August 2006, when she underwent surgery to remove liver metastases.
Dunn was married to William Jahnke, a former head of Wells Fargo Investment Advisors. The couple owned a winery in Australia, a home in Hawaii and property in Orinda, California. Jahnke reported that his wife had died from ovarian cancer at her home in Orinda on December 4, 2011, aged 58. She is survived by her husband, three adult children, ten grandchildren, a brother and a sister.
William Jahnke described his late wife as “tenacious”, outliving the
three-year life expectancy for her type of ovarian cancer by almost five
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Marion Dougherty , American casting director (Full Metal Jacket, Batman, Midnight Cowboy), died she was 88
Marion Caroline Dougherty was an American casting director died she was 88..
(February 9, 1923 – December 4, 2011)
Dougherty was known for casting such films as Slaughterhouse-Five, Midnight Cowboy, The Panic in Needle Park, The Sting, The Anderson Tapes, Pretty Baby, A Little Romance, The World According to Garp, Batman, Gorillas in the Mist, Anna Karenina (1997 film), and Full Metal Jacket.
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Mary Ellen Avery was an American pediatrician died she was 84.. In the 1950s, Dr. Avery’s pioneering research efforts helped lead to the discovery of the main cause of respiratory distress syndrome
(RDS) in premature babies: her identification of surfactant led to the
development of replacement therapy for premature infants and has been
credited with saving over 830,000 lives. In 1991 President George Bush conferred the National Medal of Science on Dr. Avery for her work on RDS.
(May 6, 1927 – December 4, 2011)
Mary Ellen Avery was born May 6, 1927, in Camden, New Jersey. Her father owned a manufacturing company in Philadelphia and her mother was vice-principal of a high school. An early inspiration was pediatrician Emily Bacon,
who lived in Avery’s neighborhood. She greatly admired Dr. Bacon, who
took Avery to see her first premature baby. “She kindly reached out to
me in many ways, and I saw her life as more exciting and meaningful than
most of the women I knew,” Avery has recalled.
Graduating summa cum laude from Wheaton College in 1948 with a degree in chemistry, Mary Ellen Avery went on to earn a medical degree from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, where she was one of four women in a class of ninety, in 1952. Soon after graduating, she was diagnosed with tuberculosis, and it was during her recuperation that she became fascinated with how the lungs work.
Rest and medication would cure her, but she went about the regime her
own way. Once she realized she was exhibiting no symptoms, she decided
to go to Europe with a friend. “I packed one suitcase of medication and
another suitcase of clothes, and spent three months in Europe on a
regime that I programmed for myself,” Avery said. “It consisted of 12
hours in bed every night, and in the daytime mostly walking around and
looking at exhibits and enjoying myself, but not anything strenuous.”
Dr. Avery returned to Johns Hopkins for her internship and residency, then moved to Boston in 1957 for a research fellowship in pediatrics at Harvard Medical School. At Harvard, she made a major discovery while comparing the lungs of infants who had died of RDS
to those of healthy animals. “It’s all because they had something they
would have not needed before birth because they weren’t using their
lungs for ventilation before birth. But after birth, without it, they
could not live more than a day or two. And therefore I found what was
missing.” What she had found was a foamy substance that she deduced must
play a critical role. Dr. Avery’s observation formed the basis of a
breakthrough paper published in the American Journal of Diseases of Children
in 1959. By 1995 there were 1,460 infant deaths a year in the U.S. from
RDS, down from almost 10,000 a year twenty-five years earlier.
In 1960, Dr. Avery became an assistant professor of pediatrics at
Johns Hopkins University and pediatrician in charge of newborn
nurseries. She went on to serve as professor and chair of the department
of pediatrics at McGill University
in Montreal. In 1974, she joined the faculty of Harvard Medical School
as professor of pediatrics. She was the first woman to head a clinical
department at Harvard Medical School. That same year she was the first woman named physician-in-chief at Children’s Hospital Boston, where she remained until 1985.
In 1990-91, she was the President of the American Pediatric Society.
She has been involved in child healthcare delivery worldwide, as an
active member of UNICEF.
Dr. Mary Ellen Avery died on December 4, 2011, at the age of 84.
Awards and honors
- 1968 E. Mead Johnson Award for pediatric research
- 1973 Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
- 1984 Trudeau Medal from the American Lung Association
- 1991 National Medal of Science,
in recognition of contributions to understanding and treating
respiratory distress syndrome. The award cited Dr. Avery as one of the
founders of neonatal intensive care and “a major advocate of improving access to care of all premature and sick infants.”
- 1994 Member of the National Academy of Sciences
- 2003, elected president of the National Academy of Sciences
- 2005 John Howland Award
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Heinrich Sonne, German Waffen-SS member, recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross, died he was 94.
Heinrich Sonne was a highly decorated Hauptsturmführer der Reserve in the Waffen-SS during World War II died he was 94.. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross.
The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme
battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Sonne was born in
Riga, Latvia to German parents.
(23 February 1917 – 3 December 2011)
World War II
Sonne served in the 1st SS Infantry Brigade as commander of the
Krad-Schützen (motorcycle company). The 1 SS Infantry Brigade (mot) was a
unit of the German Waffen SS formed from former concentration camp
guards for service in the Soviet Union behind the main front line during
the Second World War. They conducted anti-partisan operations in the
rear of the advancing German army, and also filled gaps in the front
line when called upon in emergencies. Heinrich Sonne won his Knight’s
Cross for his actions on the front line in the fighting around Smolensk
during September 1943. Later, when the 1st SS Infantry Brigade was disbanded in early January 1944, the remaining soldiers, including Heinrich Sonne, were used to form a cadre for the 18th SS Volunteer Panzer Grenadier Division Horst Wessel.
Sonne was one of the very few former Waffen-SS soldiers allowed to
join the Bundeswehr. This can be attributed to an unblemished military
service record. He served from 1956 to 1973 in the Bundeswehr,
eventually reaching the rank of Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant Colonel).
Awards and decorations
- Iron Cross (1939)
- 2nd Class (7 January 1943)
- 1st Class (9 June 1943)
- Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross on 10 December 1943 as SS-Obersturmführer of the reserves and chief of the Krad-Schützen-Kompanie/1. SS-Infanterie-Brigade (mot.) 
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Rafael Rodríguez Barrera, Mexican politician, Governor of Campeche (1973–1979), President of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (1992–1993), died he was 74
(February 1, 1937 – December 3, 2011)
Rodríguez also served as the President of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) from 1992 to 1993.
Rodríguez Barrera began his career as a lawyer. He became Mayor, also called Municipal President, of Campeche, Campeche. Rodríguez Barrera was elected Governor of Campeche, holding the state’s gubernatorial office from September 16, 1973, until September 15, 1979.
Mexican President Miguel de la Madrid appointed Rodríguez Barrera as Secretary of Agrarian Reform. in 1986. Rodríguez Barrera succeeded outgoing Secretary Luis Martínez Villicaña, who left the Cabinet upon his election as Governor of Michoacan. Rodríguez Barrera remained Secretary until November 30, 1988, when President Miguel de la Madrid left office.
Rodriguez Barrera was briefly appointed President of the Institutional Revolutionary Party in April 1992, holding the presidency of the political party until March 1993. He was then appointed the Mexican Ambassador to Israel, based in Tel Aviv, serving from April 14, 1993, to 1995.
He was elected to the Chamber of Deputies of Mexico from 2000 to 2003, where he acted as the internal coordinator for the PRI party in the chamber.
In 2005 and 2006, Rodríguez Barrera was named to the PRI party
committee charged with selecting a presidential candidate for the 2006 presidential election.
Rodríguez Barrera died from a heart attack at his home in Mexico City on December 3, 2011, at the age of 74. His death was announced by PRI President Cristina Díaz through her Twitter account.
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Larry Rickles, American Emmy Award-winning producer (Mr. Warmth: The Don Rickles Project), died from pneumonia he was 41
|Larry and Don Rickles|
Larry Rickles was an American screenwriter, film and television producer died from pneumonia he was 41.. Rickles won an Emmy Award in 2008 for his work on Mr. Warmth: The Don Rickles Project, a documentary about his father, actor and comedian, Don Rickles.
(May 12, 1970 – December 3, 2011)
Rickles was born on May 12, 1970, in Los Angeles, California, the only son of Don Rickles and his wife, Barbara.
Rickles began his career by working on set at several sitcoms. He won admission into a Warner Bros. writing workshop in 1996. In 1997, Rickles was hired as a television writer for the long-running CBS comedy series, Murphy Brown.
Larry Rickles co-produced the 2007 HBO documentary, Mr. Warmth: The Don Rickles Project, about his father. The documentary won a Primetime Emmy for Outstanding Variety, Music, or Comedy Special in 2008 and Rickles received an Emmy for his work. Rickles’ father also won an Primetime Emmy Award for Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program for his appearance in the film.
Larry Rickles died of complications of pneumonia in Los Angeles on December 3, 2011, at the age of 41. He was survived by his parents, Don and Barbara, and his sister, Mindy.
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beating 44-year-old Bijan Ebrahimi to death before setting his body on
James admitted killing the victim, who was from Iran, outside his home
in Bristol in July in what the judge described as an “act of murderous
A second man, Steven Norley, 25, was also jailed for four years at
Bristol Crown Court for assisting an offender after he admitted helping
to burn Mr Ebrahimi’s body.
Mr Ebrahimi was a vulnerable man who was mistaken for a paedophile by
his neighbours when he was seen taking pictures of young people who were
damaging his garden plants, which which he was devoted.
He had repeatedly contacted police complaining that he was the victim
of anti-social behaviour and was being unfairly targeted by his
Just hours before his death Mr Ebrahimi begged officers to help, telling them he did not feel safe in his own home.
But his messages to Avon and Somerset Police went unanswered, Bristol Crown Court heard.
Three days before Mr Ebrahimi’s death, a crowd had reportedly gathered
outside his home in Capgrave Crescent, Brislington, calling him a
“paedo” and the police arrested Mr Ebrahimi for breach of the peace.
As the officers arrested Mr Ebrahimi for “his own safety”, he told
them: “I can’t believe you are arresting me when I haven’t done
Prosecutor Andrew Langdon QC said: “As he was led away, the neighbours began cheering. Some were shouting abuse.
“An eyewitness told PC Winter, ‘Everyone seemed to be out of control.
It was like they were a posse or a vigilante group or a witch hunt’.”
Neighbour Beryl Smith said the neighbours “were shouting ‘get out of here you dirty paedo’.”
Mr Ebrahimi was released without charge the following day.
On July 11, James entered Mr Ebrahimi’s house and threatened to take
the law into his own hands unless police “dealt with the situation”.
Footage of the confrontation, which the victim had filmed, has been released by the court.
“During the course of the evening of July 12, Mr Ebrahimi made a number
of calls to police reporting hostile behaviour,” Mr Langdon said.
“For one reason or another, these messages were not responded to. At
1.57am he sent an email to the local beat manager saying he was being
called ‘nasty things’ and did not feel safe at home.
“Regrettably that was not a message that was read until after his death.”
Mr Langdon told the court how James repeatedly stamped on the head of Mr Ebrahimi, inflicting fatal injuries.
“Following that attack Lee James and Steven Norley dragged Mr
Ebrahimi’s body about 100 yards out of the crescent on to the verge of a
neighbouring road before they poured white spirit over the body and set
fire to it,” he said.
Avon and Somerset Chief Constable Nick Gargan issued an apology after
the tragedy, saying: “Mr Ebrahimi was someone who deserved the
protection of all of us and we are very sorry about what happened to
Mr Gargan went on: “It is clear that there was a collective failure on
the part of statutory agencies and others to protect Mr Ebrahimi and we
cannot wait for all the various external investigative processes to run
their course before we start learning lessons for the future.”
Police watchdog the IPCC has questioned six officers over their
handling of the case, three under police caution. All were served
notices of gross misconduct and three have been suspended on full pay.
The IPCC has also questioned six civilian police staff who are believed
to be call-handlers. Bristol City Council has also launched a review
into the case.
Mr Ebrahimi’s sister, Manizhah Moores said her brother had suffered
racial abuse while living in Bristol and his previous home had been the
subject of an arson attack.
She said: “We hope that nobody else ever has to witness an innocent
disabled man being abused, taunted and tortured in the way that Bijan
“The question that now must be answered is whether Bijan’s death could
have been avoided had he been afforded the protection from the
authorities he deserved.
“Lessons must be learned before other vulnerable lives are lost.”
The family was conceived by MacFarlane after developing two animated films, The Life of Larry and Larry & Steve.
MacFarlane redesigned the films’ protagonist, Larry, and his dog,
Steve, and renamed them Peter and Brian, respectively. MacFarlane
pitched a seven-minute pilot to Fox on May 15, 1998. The show was given
the green light and started production. Shortly after the third season
of Family Guy aired in 2001, Fox cancelled the series, putting the series to a 2-year hiatus. However, favorable DVD sales and high ratings for syndicated reruns on Adult Swim convinced the network to renew the show in 2004 for a 4th season, which began airing on May 1, 2005.
Family Guy has been nominated for 12 Primetime Emmy Awards and 11 Annie Awards, and has won three of each. In 2009, it was nominated for an Emmy for Outstanding Comedy Series, the first time an animated series was nominated for the award since The Flintstones in 1961. Family Guy has also received criticism, including unfavorable comparisons for its similarities to The Simpsons.
Many tie-in media have been released, including Stewie Griffin: The Untold Story, a straight-to-DVD special released in 2005; Family Guy: Live in Vegas, a soundtrack-DVD combo released in 2005, featuring music from the show as well as original music created by MacFarlane and Walter Murphy; a video game and pinball machine, released in 2006 and 2007, respectively; since 2005, six books published by Harper Adult based on the Family Guy universe; and Laugh It Up, Fuzzball: The Family Guy Trilogy (2010), a series of parodies of the original Star Wars trilogy.
In 2008, MacFarlane confirmed that the cast was interested in producing
a feature film and that he was working on a story for a film
adaptation. A spin-off series, The Cleveland Show, featuring Cleveland Brown, aired from September 27, 2009 to May 19, 2013. “The Simpsons Guy”, a crossover episode with The Simpsons, is scheduled to air in Fall 2014. Family Guy is a joint production by Fuzzy Door Productions and 20th Century Fox Television and syndicated by 20th Television. 
MacFarlane initially conceived Family Guy in 1995 while studying animation at the Rhode Island School of Design (RISD). During college, he created his thesis film entitled The Life of Larry, which was submitted by his professor at RISD to Hanna-Barbera. MacFarlane was hired by the company. In 1996 MacFarlane created a sequel to The Life of Larry entitled Larry and Steve, which featured a middle-aged character named Larry and an intellectual dog, Steve; the short was broadcast in 1997 as one of Cartoon Network‘s World Premiere Toons.
Executives at Fox saw the Larry shorts and contracted MacFarlane to create a series, entitled Family Guy, based on the characters. Fox proposed MacFarlane complete a 15-minute short, and gave him a budget of $50,000. Several aspects of Family Guy were inspired by the Larry shorts. While working on the series, the characters of Larry and his dog Steve slowly evolved into Peter and Brian. MacFarlane stated that the difference between The Life of Larry and Family Guy was that “Life of Larry was shown primarily in my dorm room and Family Guy was shown after the Super Bowl.” After the pilot aired, the series was given the green light. MacFarlane drew inspiration from several sitcoms such as The Simpsons and All in the Family. Premises were drawn from several 1980s Saturday morning cartoons he watched as a child, such as The Fonz and the Happy Days Gang and Rubik, the Amazing Cube.
The Griffin family first appeared on the demo that MacFarlane pitched to Fox on May 15, 1998. Family Guy was originally planned to start out as short movies for the sketch show MADtv,
but the plan changed because MADtv’s budget was not large enough to
support animation production. MacFarlane noted that he then wanted to
pitch it to Fox, as he thought that that was the place to create a
prime-time animation show. Family Guy was originally pitched to Fox in the same year as King of the Hill, but the show was not bought until years later, when King of the Hill became successful. Fox ordered 13 episodes of Family Guy to air in midseason after MacFarlane impressed executives with a seven-minute demo.
MacFarlane has served as an executive producer during the show’s entire history, and also functions as a creative consultant. The first executive producers were David Zuckerman, Lolee Aries, David Pritchard, and Mike Wolf. Family Guy has had many executive producers in its history, including Daniel Palladino, Kara Vallow, and Danny Smith. David A. Goodman joined the show as a co-executive producer in season three, and eventually became an executive producer. Alex Borstein, who voices Lois, worked as an executive and supervising producer for the fourth and fifth seasons. A more involved position on the show is the show runner, who acts as head writer and manages the show’s production for an entire season.
The first team of writers assembled for the show consisted of Chris Sheridan, Danny Smith, Gary Janetti, Ricky Blitt, Neil Goldman, Garrett Donovan, Matt Weitzman, and Mike Barker. The writing process of Family Guy
generally starts with 14 writers that take turns writing the scripts;
when a script is finished it is given to the rest of the writers to
read. These scripts generally include cutaway gags. Various gags are
pitched to MacFarlane and the rest of the staff, and those deemed
funniest are included in the episode. MacFarlane has explained that
normally it takes 10 months to produce an episode because the show uses
hand-drawn animation. The show rarely comments on current events for
this reason. The show’s initial writers had never written for an animated show; and most came from live-action sitcoms.
MacFarlane explains that he is a fan of 1930s and 1940s radio programs, particularly the radio thriller anthology “Suspense“, which led him to give early episodes ominous titles like “Death Has a Shadow” and “Mind Over Murder“.
MacFarlane explained that the team dropped the naming convention after
individual episodes became hard to identify, and the novelty wore off. For the first few months of production, the writers shared one office, lent to them by the King of the Hill production crew.
Credited with 16 episodes, Steve Callaghan is the most prolific writer on Family Guy staff. Many of the writers that have left the show have gone on to create or produce other successful series. Neil Goldman and Garrett Donovan co-wrote 13 episodes for the NBC sitcom Scrubs during their eight-year run on the show, while also serving as co-producers and working their way up to executive producers. Mike Barker and Matt Weitzman left the show and went on to create the long-running and still ongoing adult animated series American Dad! MacFarlane is also a co-creator of American Dad! On November 4, 2013, it was announced that Barker had departed American Dad! during its run as well, after 10 seasons of serving as producer and co-showrunner over the series.
During the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike,
official production of the show halted for most of December 2007 and
for various periods afterward. Fox continued producing episodes without
MacFarlane’s final approval, which he termed “a colossal dick move” in
an interview with Variety.
Though MacFarlane refused to work on the show, his contract under Fox
required him to contribute to any episodes it would subsequently
produce. Production officially resumed after the end of the strike, with regularly airing episodes recommencing on February 17, 2008. According to MacFarlane, in 2009, it costs about $2 million to make an episode of Family Guy.
Early history and cancellation
Family Guy officially premiered after Fox’s broadcast of Super Bowl XXXIII on January 31, 1999, with “Death Has a Shadow“. The show debuted to 22 million viewers, and immediately generated controversy regarding its adult content. The show returned on April 11, 1999, with “I Never Met the Dead Man“. Family Guy garnered decent ratings in Fox’s 8:30 pm slot on Sunday, scheduled between The Simpsons and The X-Files. At the end of its first season, the show was No. 33 in the Nielsen ratings, with 12.8 million households tuning in. The show launched its second season in a new time slot, Thursday at 9 pm, on September 23, 1999. Family Guy was pitted against NBC’s Frasier, and the series’ ratings declined sharply. Fox removed Family Guy
from the network’s permanent schedule, and began airing episodes
irregularly. The show returned on March 7, 2000, at 8:30 pm on Tuesdays,
but was constantly beaten in the ratings by the new breakout hit Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, coming in at No. 114 in the Nielsen Ratings with 6.320 million households tuning in. Fox announced that the show had been canceled in 2000, at the end of the second season. However, following a last-minute reprieve, Fox announced on July 24, 2000, its intention to order 13 additional episodes of Family Guy to form a third season.
The show returned November 8, 2001, once again in a tough time slot: Thursday nights at 8:00 pm ET. This slot brought it into competition with Survivor and Friends. (This situation was later referenced in Stewie Griffin: The Untold Story).
During its second- and third-season runs, Fox frequently moved the show
around to different days and time slots with little or no notice and,
consequently, the show’s ratings suffered. Upon Fox’s annual unveiling of its 2002 fall line-up on May 15, 2002, Family Guy was absent. Fox announced that the show had been officially canceled shortly thereafter.
Cult success and revival
Fox attempted to sell the rights for reruns of the show, but it was difficult to find networks that were interested; Cartoon Network eventually bought the rights, “[...] basically for free”, according to the president of 20th Century Fox Television. Family Guy
premiered in reruns on Adult Swim on April 20, 2003, and immediately
became the block’s top-rated program, dominating late-night viewing in
its time period versus cable and broadcast competition, and boosting
viewership by 239%.
The complete first and second seasons were released on DVD the same
week the show premiered on Adult Swim, and the show became a cult
phenomenon, selling 400,000 copies within one month. Sales of the DVD set reached 2.2 million copies, becoming the best-selling television DVD of 2003 and the second-highest-selling television DVD ever, behind the first season of Comedy Central‘s Chappelle’s Show. The third-season DVD release also sold more than a million copies. The show’s popularity in DVD sales and reruns rekindled Fox’s interest, and, on May 20, 2004, Fox ordered 35 new episodes of Family Guy, marking the first revival of a television show based on DVD sales.
“North by North Quahog“,
which premiered May 1, 2005, was the first episode to be broadcast
after the show’s hiatus. It was written by MacFarlane and directed by Peter Shin.
MacFarlane believed the show’s three-year hiatus was beneficial because
animated shows do not normally have hiatuses, and towards the end of
their seasons, “… you see a lot more sex jokes and [bodily function]
jokes and signs of a fatigued staff that their brains are just fried”.
With “North by North Quahog”, the writing staff tried to keep the show
“[...] exactly as it was” before its cancellation, and “None of us had
any desire to make it look any slicker”. The episode was watched by 11.85 million viewers, the show’s highest ratings since the airing of the first season episode “Brian: Portrait of a Dog“.
In March 2007 comedian Carol Burnett filed a $6 million lawsuit against 20th Century-Fox, claiming that her charwoman
cartoon character had been portrayed on the show without her
permission. She stated it was a trademark infringement, and that Fox
violated her publicity rights. On June 4, 2007, United States District Judge Dean D. Pregerson rejected the lawsuit, stating that the parody was protected under the First Amendment, citing Hustler Magazine v. Falwell as a precedent.
On October 3, 2007, Bourne Co. Music Publishers filed a lawsuit accusing the show of infringing its copyright on the song “When You Wish Upon a Star“, through a parody song entitled “I Need a Jew” appearing in the episode “When You Wish Upon a Weinstein“.
Bourne Co., the sole United States copyright owner of the song, alleged
the parody pairs a “thinly veiled” copy of its music with antisemitic lyrics. Named in the suit were 20th Century Fox Film Corp., Fox Broadcasting Co., Cartoon Network, MacFarlane and Murphy; the suit sought to stop the program’s distribution and asked for unspecified damages.
Bourne argued that “I Need a Jew” uses the copyrighted melody of “When
You Wish Upon a Star” without commenting on that song, and that it was
therefore not a First Amendment-protected parody per the ruling in Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc. On March 16, 2009, United States District Judge Deborah Batts held that Family Guy did not infringe on Bourne’s copyright when it transformed the song for comical use in an episode.
In December 2007, Family Guy was again accused of copyright infringement when actor Art Metrano filed a lawsuit regarding a scene in Stewie Griffin: The Untold Story,
in which Jesus performs Metrano’s signature “magic” act involving
absurd “faux” magical hand gestures while humming the distinctive tune “Fine and Dandy“. 20th Century Fox, MacFarlane, Callaghan and Borstein were all named in the suit.
In July 2009 a federal district court judge rejected Fox’s motion to
dismiss, saying that the first three fair use factors involved —
“purpose and character of the use”, “nature of the infringed work” and
“amount and substantiality of the taking” — counted in Metrano’s favor,
while the fourth — “economic impact” — had to await more fact-finding.
In denying the dismissal, the court held that the reference in the scene
made light of Jesus and his followers — not Metrano or his act. The case was settled out of court in 2010 with undisclosed terms.
Seth MacFarlane voices three of the show’s main characters: Peter Griffin, Brian Griffin, and Stewie Griffin.
Since MacFarlane had a strong vision for these characters, he chose to
voice them himself, believing it would be easier than for someone else
to attempt it.
MacFarlane drew inspiration for the voice of Peter from a security
guard he overheard talking while attending the Rhode Island School of
Design. Stewie’s voice was based on the voice of English actor Rex Harrison, especially his performance in the 1964 musical drama film My Fair Lady. MacFarlane uses his regular speaking voice when playing Brian.
MacFarlane also provides the voices for various other recurring and
one-time-only characters, most prominently those of the Griffins’
neighbor Glenn Quagmire, news anchor Tom Tucker, and Lois’ father, Carter Pewterschmidt.
Alex Borstein voices Peter’s wife Lois Griffin, Asian correspondent Tricia Takanawa, Loretta Brown, and Lois’ mother, Barbara Pewterschmidt. Borstein was asked to provide a voice for the pilot while she was working on MADtv. She had not met MacFarlane or seen any of his artwork, and said it was “really sight unseen”.
At the time, Borstein was performing in a stage show in Los Angeles.
She played a redheaded mother whose voice she had based on one of her
Seth Green primarily voices Chris Griffin and Neil Goldman. Green stated that he did an impression of the character Buffalo Bill from the thriller film The Silence of the Lambs during his audition.
Mila Kunis and Lacey Chabert have both voiced Meg Griffin. Chabert left the series because of time conflicts with schoolwork and her role on Party of Five.
When Kunis auditioned for the role, she was called back by MacFarlane,
who instructed her to speak slower. He then told her to come back
another time and enunciate more. Once she claimed that she had it under
control, MacFarlane hired her.
Mike Henry voices Cleveland Brown, Herbert, Bruce the Performance Artist, Consuela and the Greased-up Deaf Guy. Henry met MacFarlane at the Rhode Island School of Design, and kept in touch with him after they graduated. A few years later, MacFarlane contacted him about being part of the show; he agreed and came on as a writer and voice actor. During the show’s first four seasons, he was credited as a guest star, but beginning with season five‘s “Prick Up Your Ears“, he has been credited as a main cast member.
|Main cast members|
|Seth MacFarlane||Alex Borstein||Seth Green||Mila Kunis||Mike Henry||Patrick Warburton|
|Peter Griffin, Stewie Griffin, Brian Griffin, Glenn Quagmire, Tom Tucker, Carter Pewterschmidt, Dr. Elmer Hartman, Seamus, Kevin Swanson, Jesus, others||Lois Griffin, Loretta Brown, Barbara Pewterschmidt, Tricia Takanawa, others||Chris Griffin, Neil Goldman, others||Meg Griffin||Cleveland Brown, Herbert, Bruce the Performance Artist, Consuela, the Greased-up Deaf Guy, others||Joe Swanson|
Other recurring cast members include Adam West as the eponymous Mayor Adam West; Jennifer Tilly as Bonnie Swanson; John G. Brennan as Mort Goldman and Horace the bartender; Carlos Alazraqui as Jonathan Weed; Adam Carolla and Norm Macdonald as Death; Lori Alan as Diane Simmons; and Phil LaMarr as Ollie Williams and the judge. Fellow cartoonist Butch Hartman has made guest voice appearances in many episodes as various characters. Also, writer Danny Smith voices various recurring characters, such as Ernie the Giant Chicken. Alex Breckenridge also appears as many various characters.
Episodes often feature guest voices from a wide range of professions,
including actors, athletes, authors, bands, musicians, and scientists.
Many guest voices star as themselves. Leslie Uggams was the first to appear as herself, in the fourth episode of the first season, “Mind Over Murder“. The episode “Not All Dogs Go to Heaven” guest starred the entire cast of Star Trek: The Next Generation, including Patrick Stewart, Jonathan Frakes, Brent Spiner, LeVar Burton, Gates McFadden, Michael Dorn, Wil Wheaton, Marina Sirtis, and even Denise Crosby (season 1 as Tasha Yar), playing themselves; this is the episode with the most guest stars of the seventh season.
The show revolves around the adventures of the family of Peter Griffin, a bumbling blue-collar worker. Peter is an Irish-American Catholic with a prominent Rhode Island and Eastern Massachusetts accent. He is married to Lois, a stay-at-home mother and piano teacher who, as member of the Pewterschmidt family of wealthy socialites, has a distinct New England accent. Peter and Lois have three children: Meg, their teenage daughter, who is awkward and does not fit in at school, and is constantly ridiculed and ignored by the family; Chris, their teenage son, who is overweight, unintelligent and a younger version of his father in many respects; and Stewie, their diabolical infant son of ambiguous sexual orientation who has adult mannerisms and uses stereotypical archvillain phrases. Living with the family is Brian, the family dog, who is highly anthropomorphized, drinks martinis, and engages in human conversation, though he is still considered a pet in many respects.
Many recurring characters appear alongside the Griffin family. These
include the family’s neighbors: sex-crazed airline-pilot bachelor Glenn Quagmire, Cleveland Brown and his wife Loretta Brown, paraplegic police officer Joe Swanson, his wife Bonnie and their baby daughter Susie (Bonnie is pregnant with Susie from the show’s beginning until the seventh episode of the seventh season); neurotic Jewish pharmacist Mort Goldman, his wife Muriel, and their geeky and annoying son Neil; and elderly ephebophile Herbert. TV news anchors Tom Tucker and Diane Simmons, Asian reporter Tricia Takanawa, and Blaccu-Weather meteorologist Ollie Williams also make frequent appearances. Actors Adam West and James Woods guest star as themselves in various episodes.
The primary setting of Family Guy is Quahog , a fictional Rhode Island town. MacFarlane resided in Providence during his time as a student at Rhode Island School of Design, and the show contains distinct Rhode Island landmarks similar to real-world locations. MacFarlane often borrows the names of Rhode Island locations and icons such as Pawtucket and Buddy Cianci for use in the show. MacFarlane, in an interview with local WNAC (Channel 64) “FOX Providence Eyewitness News”, stated that the town is modeled after Cranston, Rhode Island.
“Road to” episodes
The “Road to” episodes are a series of hallmark travel episodes. They are a parody of the seven Road to… comedy films starring Bing Crosby, Bob Hope, and Dorothy Lamour, which were released between 1940 and 1962.
These episodes usually involve Stewie and Brian in some foreign,
supernatural, or science fiction location not related to the show’s
normal location in Quahog. The first, entitled “Road to Rhode Island“, aired on May 30, 2000, during the second season. The episodes are known for featuring elaborate musical numbers, similar to the Road films. The episodes contain several trademarks, including a special version of the opening sequence, custom musical cues and musical numbers, and parodies of science fiction and fantasy films.
The original idea for the “Road to” episodes came from MacFarlane, as
he is a fan of the films of Crosby, Hope, and Lamour. The first episode
was directed by Dan Povenmire, who would direct the rest of the “Road to” episodes until the episode “Road to Rupert“, at which point he had left the show to create Phineas and Ferb. Series regular Greg Colton then took over Povenmire’s role as director of the “Road to” episodes.
Family Guy uses the filmmaking technique of cutaways, which occur in the majority of Family Guy episodes. Emphasis is often placed on gags which make reference to current events and/or modern cultural icons.
Early episodes based much of their comedy on Stewie’s “super villain”
antics, such as his constant plans for total world domination, his evil
experiments, plans and inventions to get rid of things he dislikes, and
his constant attempts at matricide.
As the series progressed, the writers and MacFarlane agreed that his
personality and the jokes were starting to feel dated, so they began
writing him with a different personality. Family Guy often includes self-referential humor. The most common form is jokes about Fox Broadcasting, and occasions where the characters break the fourth wall by addressing the audience. For example, in “North by North Quahog“,
the first episode that aired after the show’s revival, included Peter
telling the family that they had been cancelled because Fox had to make
room in their schedule for shows like Dark Angel, Titus, Undeclared, Action, That ’80s Show, Wonderfalls, Fastlane, Andy Richter Controls the Universe, Skin, Girls Club, Cracking Up, The Pitts, Firefly, Get Real, Freakylinks, Wanda at Large, Costello, The Lone Gunmen, A Minute with Stan Hooper, Normal, Ohio, Pasadena, Harsh Realm, Keen Eddie, The $treet, The American Embassy, Cedric the Entertainer Presents, The Tick, Luis, and Greg the Bunny.
Lois asks whether there is any hope, to which Peter replies that if all
these shows are canceled they might have a chance; the shows were
indeed canceled during Family Guy‘s hiatus.
The show uses catchphrases,
and most of the primary and secondary characters have them. Notable
expressions include Quagmire’s “Giggity giggity goo”, Peter’s “Freakin’
sweet”, and Joe’s “Bring it on!” The use of many of these catchphrases declined in later seasons. The episode “Big Man on Hippocampus” mocks catchphrase-based humor: when Peter, who has forgotten everything about his life, is introduced to Meg, he exclaims “D’oh!“, to which Lois replies, “No, Peter, that’s not your catchphrase.”
Reception and legacy
|Season||Episodes||Time slot (ET)||Season premiere||Season finale||TV season||Rank||Viewers
|1||7||Sunday 8:30 PM||January 31, 1999||22.01||May 16, 1999||N/A||1998–99||#33||12.80|
|2||21||Thursday 9:00 PM||September 23, 1999||N/A||August 1, 2000||N/A||1999–2000||#114||6.32|
|3||22||Thursday 8:00 PM||July 11, 2001||N/A||November 9, 2003||N/A||2001–02||#125||4.50|
|4||30||Sunday 9:00 PM||May 1, 2005||11.85||May 21, 2006||7.88||2005–06||#68||7.90|
|5||18||September 10, 2006||9.93||May 20, 2007||9.15||2006–07||#71||7.20|
|6||12||September 23, 2007||10.86||May 4, 2008||7.68||2007–08||#84||7.94|
|7||16||September 28, 2008||9.20||May 17, 2009||7.33||2008–09||#69||7.56|
|8||21||September 27, 2009||10.17||May 23, 2010||6.13||2009–10||#53||7.56|
|9||18||September 26, 2010||9.41||May 22, 2011||5.85||2010–11||#56||7.66|
|10||23||September 25, 2011||7.69||May 20, 2012||5.35||2011–12||#70||7.30|
|11||22||September 30, 2012||6.55||May 19, 2013||5.16||2012–13||#63||6.94|
|12||TBA||September 29, 2013||5.20||Spring 2014||TBA||2013–14||TBA||TBA|
Catherine Seipp of the National Review Online described it as a “nasty but extremely funny” cartoon. Caryn James of The New York Times called it a show with an “outrageously satirical family” that “includes plenty of comic possibilities and parodies.” The Sydney Morning Herald named Family Guy the “Show of the Week” on April 21, 2009, hailing it a “pop culture-heavy masterpiece”. Frazier Moore from The Seattle Times
called it an “endless craving for humor about bodily emissions”. He
thought it was “breathtakingly smart” and said a “blend of the ingenious
with the raw helps account for its much broader appeal”. He summarized
it as “rude, crude and deliciously wrong”. The series has attracted many celebrities, including Emily Blunt, who has stated that Family Guy is her favorite series; she has expressed strong interest in becoming a guest star on the show. The New Yorker‘s Nancy Franklin said that Family Guy
is becoming one of the best animated shows; she commented on its
ribaldry and popularity, and said the show was of better quality than The Simpsons. The show has become a hit on Hulu; it is the second-highest viewed show after Saturday Night Live. IGN called Family Guy
a great show, and commented that it has gotten better since its
revival. They stated that they cannot imagine another half-hour sitcom
that provides as many laughs as Family Guy. Empire
praised the show and its writers for creating really hilarious moments
with unlikely material. They commented that one of the reasons they love
the show is because nothing is sacred—it makes jokes and gags of almost
everything. Robin Pierson of The TV Critic praised the series as “a different kind of animated comedy which clearly sets out to do jokes which other cartoons can’t do.” Family Guy has proven popular in the United Kingdom, regularly obtaining between 700,000 and 1 million viewers for re-runs on BBC Three.
Many celebrities have admitted that they are fans of the show. Robert Downey, Jr.
telephoned the show production staff and asked if he could produce or
assist in an episode creation, as his son is a fan of the show, so the
producers came up with a character for Downey. Lauren Conrad met MacFarlane while recording a Laguna Beach clip for the episode “Prick Up Your Ears“, (season 5, 2006). She has watched Family Guy for years and considers Stewie her favorite character. Commenting on his appearance in the episode “Big Man on Hippocampus”, (season 8, 2010), actor Dwayne Johnson stated that he was a “big fan” of Family Guy. Johnson befriended MacFarlane after he had a minor role in Johnson’s 2010 film Tooth Fairy. R&B singer Rihanna has admitted to being a fan of Family Guy, as has pop singer Britney Spears; she tries to imitate Stewie’s English accent. Spears, who was mocked for her personal problems in the South Park episode “Britney’s New Look“
in 2008, offered to appear in a cameo to hit back at the similar
animated show, but MacFarlane declined, stating that he did not want to
start a feud with the series.
Family Guy and its cast have been nominated for thirteen Emmy Awards, with four wins. MacFarlane won the Outstanding Voice-Over Performance award for his performance as Stewie; Murphy and MacFarlane won the Outstanding Music and Lyrics award for the song “You Got a Lot to See” from the episode “Brian Wallows and Peter’s Swallows“; Steven Fonti won the Outstanding Individual Achievement in Animation award for his storyboard work in the episode “No Chris Left Behind“; and Greg Colton won the Outstanding Individual Achievement in Animation award for his storyboard work in the episode “Road to the Multiverse“. The show was nominated for eleven Annie Awards, and won three times, twice in 2006 and once in 2008. In 2009 it was nominated for an Emmy for Outstanding Comedy Series, becoming the first animated program to be nominated in this category since The Flintstones in 1961. The Simpsons was almost nominated in 1993, but voters were hesitant to pit cartoons against live action programs. The show was nominated for a Grammy in 2011. Family Guy has been nominated and has won various other awards, including the Teen Choice Awards and the People’s Choice Awards. In the 1,000th issue of Entertainment Weekly, Brian Griffin was selected as the dog for “The Perfect TV Family”. Wizard Magazine rated Stewie the 95th-greatest villain of all time. British newspaper The Times rated Family Guy as the 45th-best American show in 2009. IGN ranked Family Guy at number seven in the “Top 100 Animated Series” and number six in the “Top 25 Primetime Animated Series of All Time”. Empire named it the twelfth-greatest TV show of all time. In 2005 viewers of the UK television channel Channel 4 voted Family Guy at number 5 on their list of the 100 Greatest Cartoons. Brian was awarded the 2009 Stoner of the Year award by High Times for the episode “420“, marking the first time an animated character received the honor. In 2007 TV Guide ranked Family Guy number 15 in their list of top cult shows ever. Family Guy has garnered six Golden Reel Awards nominations, winning three times. In 2013, TV Guide ranked Family Guy the ninth Greatest TV Cartoon of All Time.
Criticism and controversy
One of the initial critics to give the show negative reviews was Ken Tucker from Entertainment Weekly; he called it “The Simpsons as conceived by a singularly sophomoric mind that lacks any reference point beyond other TV shows”. The Parents Television Council (PTC), a conservative, non-profit watchdog, has attacked the series since its premiere and has branded various episodes as “Worst TV Show of the Week”.
In May 2000 the PTC launched a letter-writing campaign to the Fox
network in an effort to persuade the network to cancel the show. The PTC has placed the show on their annual lists of “Worst Prime-Time Shows for Family Viewing” in 2000, 2005, and 2006. The Federal Communications Commission has received multiple petitions requesting that the show be blocked from broadcasting on indecency grounds. Tucker and the PTC have both accused the show of portraying religion negatively, and of being racist.
Because of the PTC, some advertisers have canceled their contracts
after reviewing the content of the episodes, claiming it to be
unsuitable. Critics have compared the show’s humor and characters with those of The Simpsons.
Various episodes of the show have generated controversy. In “The Son Also Draws” (season one, 1999) Peter jokes that “Canada sucks”; this caused controversy with Canadian viewers. In “420″ (season seven, 2009) Brian decides to start a campaign to legalize cannabis in Quahog; the Venezuelan government reacted negatively to the episode and banned Family Guy from airing on their local networks, which generally syndicate American programming. Venezuelan justice minister Tareck El Aissami,
citing the promotion of the use of cannabis, stated that any cable
stations that did not stop airing the series would be fined;
the government showed a clip which featured Brian and Stewie singing
the praises of marijuana as a demonstration of how the United States
supports cannabis use. In “Extra Large Medium” (season eight, 2010) a character named Ellen (who has Down syndrome) states that her mother is the former Governor of Alaska, which strongly implies that her mother is Sarah Palin, the only woman to have served in the office of governor in the state. Sarah Palin, the mother of a special-needs child, criticized the episode in an appearance on The O’Reilly Factor, calling those who made the show “cruel, cold-hearted people.”
|April 9, 1999
September 27, 2010
|January 31, 1999
September 1, 2003
July 4, 2012
|Sundays at 9:00 pm
Weeknights at 9:30 pm
Weeknights at 12:00 am
|India||STAR World||Unknown||Everyday at 12:00 am|||
|Ireland||3e||Unknown||Tuesdays at 11:00 pm|||
|New Zealand||FOUR||Unknown||Thursday and Friday at 7:30 pm (repeat), Sundays at 8:00 pm (new episode)|||
|Pakistan||Star World||Unknown||Unknown|||
|Philippines||Jack TV||Unknown||Saturdays at 9:00 pm|||
|Southeast Asia||Fox||Channel launch
(January 5, 2010)
|Mondays – Fridays, 8:40 am & 3:00 pm|||
|United Kingdom||BBC Three||September 21, 1999||Monday-Saturday, 11 pm (repeats); Sundays, 10 pm (new episode)|||
|Fox||Thursdays, 9 pm|||
|January 31, 1999
September 1, 2003
September 10, 2007
September 8, 2003
September 10, 2007
|Sundays at 9:00 pm
Weeknights at 11:00 pm, 11:30 pm, 2:30 am, 3:00 am
Mondays, Wednesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays at 8:00pm
A comic book based on the Family Guy universe is being produced. Published by Titan Comics, it will be edited by Steve White and illustrated by Anthony Williams and S. L. Gallant. The writing and the illustrations will be supervised by the show’s producers. The comics will consist of a main story, a short story, and a gag strip. The first comic book was released on July 27, 2011.
As promotion for the show, and, as Newman described, “[to] expand interest in the show beyond its diehard fans”, Fox organized four Family Guy Live! performances, which featured cast members reading old episodes aloud. The cast also performed musical numbers from the Family Guy: Live in Vegas comedy album. The stage shows were an extension of a performance by the cast during the 2004 Montreal Comedy Festival. The Family Guy Live! performances, which took place in Los Angeles and New York, sold out and were attended by around 1,200 people each.
In 2007, at the 59th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards,
MacFarlane performed (as the digitally inserted Stewie and Brian) the
ceremony’s opening number. He performed a song insulting modern
television to the tune of the song “The Fellas At The Freakin’ F.C.C.”
performed in the episode PTV. The song insulted TV shows such as Two and a Half Men, Desperate Housewives, and Scrubs, as well as the final scene of The Sopranos.
In 2009 a special televised performance show aired entitled Family Guy Presents Seth & Alex’s Almost Live Comedy Show, in which voice actors Alex Borstein and MacFarlane performed songs from the show, as well as a parody of Lady Gaga‘s song “Poker Face” in the voice of Marlee Matlin, who appeared on stage as a guest during the performance. Some new animated gags also appeared in the show.
On July 22, 2007, in an interview with The Hollywood Reporter, MacFarlane announced that he may start working on a feature film, although “nothing’s official.” In TV Week on July 18, 2008, MacFarlane confirmed plans to produce a theatrically released Family Guy feature film sometime “within the next year.”
He came up with an idea for the story, “something that you could not do
on the show, which [to him] is the only reason to do a movie.” He later
went to say he imagines the film to be “an old-style musical with
dialogue” similar to The Sound of Music, saying that he would “really be trying to capture, musically, that feel.” On October 13, 2011, Seth MacFarlane confirmed that a deal for a Family Guy film had been made, and that it would be written by himself and series co-producer Ricky Blitt.
On November 30, 2012, MacFarlane confirmed plans to produce a Family Guy film.
MacFarlane co-created—alongside Mike Henry and Richard Appel—the Family Guy spin-off The Cleveland Show, which premiered September 27, 2009. They began discussing the project in 2007.
Appel and Henry served as the show’s executive producers and
showrunners, handling the day-to-day operations, with limited
involvement from MacFarlane. Henry and Appel conceived the show as “more of a family show, a sweeter show” than Family Guy. The first season consisted of 22 episodes,
and the show was picked up by Fox for a second season, which consisted
of 13 episodes. The announcement was made on May 3, 2009, before the
first season began. It was extended to a full second season. Appel signed a new three-year, seven-figure deal with Fox to continue serving as showrunner on The Cleveland Show in 2010. Fox chairman Gary Newman commented: “What is special about him is his incredible leadership ability.” The show follows the Family Guy character Cleveland Brown, who is voiced by Henry, as he leaves the town of Quahog and moves with his son to start his own adventure.
Fox canceled The Cleveland Show on May 13, 2013, roughly a week before the May 19 conclusion of its fourth season. On July 16, 2013, MacFarlane confirmed an upcoming twelfth season episode of Family Guy centering on Cleveland’s return to Quahog.
The Family Guy Video Game! is a 2006 action game released by 2K Games and developed by High Voltage Software. The game received mixed reviews, averaging 50% favorable reviews for the PlayStation 2 version, 51% for the PlayStation Portable version, and 53% for the Xbox version, according to review aggregator Metacritic. The game received praise for its humor, but was criticized for its short playtime and “uninteresting gameplay”. On November 2, 2009, IGN journalist Ryan Langley reported the production of a Family Guy-based party game for the Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, and Wii. He cited the LinkedIn profiles of former HB Studios
developer Chris Kolmatycki and Invisible Entertainment co-owner Ron
Doucet, which stated that the individuals had worked on the game. MacFarlane recorded exclusive material of Peter’s voice and other Family Guy characters for a 2007 pinball machine of the show by Stern Pinball. A game called Family Guy Online was announced.
Family Guy: Back to the Multiverse, which is centered around the episode “Road to the Multiverse“, was released on 20 November 2012.
Crossovers with other animated series
Family Guy characters have appeared on other adult animated
sitcoms and vice versa. Notable crossovers have involved two other
programs in particular, both from Seth MacFarlane: American Dad! and the now cancelled series The Cleveland Show.
King of the Hill‘s Hank Hill has also appeared on Family Guy in the episode “Bigfat“.
Family Guy has also been parodied on South Park, in a two-part episode called “Cartoon Wars“.
It was announced that a special episode of Family Guy featuring an official crossover with The Simpsons is set to premiere in 2014.
As of 2009, six books have been released about the Family Guy universe, all published by HarperCollins since 2005. The first, Family Guy: Stewie’s Guide to World Domination (ISBN 978-0-06-077321-2) by Steve Callahan, was released in April 26, 2005. Written in the style of a graphic novel, the plot follows Stewie’s plans to rule the world. Other books include Family Guy: It Takes a Village Idiot, and I Married One (ISBN 978-0-7528-7593-4), which covers the events of the episode “It Takes a Village Idiot, and I Married One“; and Family Guy and Philosophy: A Cure for the Petarded (ISBN 978-1-4051-6316-3), a collection of 17 essays exploring the connections between the series and historical philosophers.
Family Guy has been commercially successful in the home market. The show was the first to be resurrected because of high DVD sales.
The first volume, covering the show’s first two seasons, sold 1.67
million units, topping TV DVD sales in 2003, while the second volume
sold another million units. Volumes six and seven debuted at fifth place in United States DVD sales; volume seven was the highest-selling television DVD, selling 171,000 units by June 21, 2009. Family Guy Presents Blue Harvest, the DVD featuring the Star Wars special “Blue Harvest“, was released on January 15, 2008, and premiered at the top of United States DVD sales. The DVD was the first Family Guy DVD to include a digital copy for download to the iPod. In 2004 the first series of Family Guy toy figurines was released by Mezco Toyz; each member of the Griffin family had their own toy, with the exception of Stewie, of whom two different figures were made. Over the course of two years, four more series of toy figures were released, with various forms of Peter. In 2008 the character Peter appeared in advertisements for Subway Restaurants, promoting the restaurant’s massive feast sandwich.
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Did you know that Coach Knight is one of three coaches to win an NCAA Title, NIT Title and an Olympic Gold Medal?
Did you know that Bob Knight “The General,” is a retired American basketball coach?
Did you know that Knight was well known as the head coach of the Indiana Hoosiers from 1971–2000?
Did you know that while at Indiana, Knight led his teams to three NCAA championships, one National Invitation Tournament (NIT) championship, and 11 Big Ten Conference
Did you know that Coach Bobby Knight received the National Coach of the Year honor four
times and the Big Ten Coach of the Year honor eight times?
Did you know that Coach Knight in 1984, he
coached the USA men’s Olympic team to a gold medal, becoming one of only three basketball coaches to win an NCAA title, NIT title, and an Olympic gold medal?
Now if you didn’t know, now you know…
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Samuel John Everett “Sam” Loxton, OBE was an Australian cricketer, footballer and politician died he was 90.. Among these three pursuits, his greatest achievements were attained on the cricket field; he played in 12 Tests for Australia from 1948 to 1951. A right-handed all-rounder, Loxton was part of Don Bradman‘s Invincibles,
who went through the 1948 tour of England undefeated, an unprecedented
achievement that has never been matched. As well as being a hard-hitting
middle-order batsman, Loxton was a right-arm fast-medium swing bowler who liked to aim at the upper bodies of the opposition, and an outfielder with an accurate and powerful throw. After being dropped from the national team, Loxton represented Victoria for seven more seasons before retiring from first-class cricket. He served as an administrator after his playing days were over and spent 24 years as a Liberal Party member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly. Up until 1946, Loxton also played in the Victorian Football League (VFL) for St Kilda as a forward. In all three arenas, he was known for his energetic approach.
(29 March 1921 – 3 December 2011)
Educated at Wesley College, Melbourne,
Loxton first gained prominence as an Australian rules football player.
After debuting in 1942, he played 41 games in the VFL for St Kilda as a
forward, kicking a total of 114 goals
before retiring at the end of the 1946 season to concentrate on his
cricket career. In 1944, he headed St Kilda’s goal-kicking aggregate
with 52 goals and placed second in the club’s Best and Fairest. Loxton served in a tank division during World War II and made his first-class cricket debut in 1946–47. He scored 232 not out,
which remains a record for any Australian player on his first-class
debut. After a strong first season, Loxton was selected to make his Test
debut in the final match of the 1947–48 home series against India.
Australia had already won the series and used the last match to trial
their young talent. Loxton seized his opportunity, scoring 80 and taking
three wickets, securing himself a position on the 1948 England tour.
After a slow start to the historic campaign, Loxton struck form
midway through the English summer and forced his way into the team for
the last three Tests. He played a prominent role in the Fourth Test, scoring an aggressive and counterattacking 93 that helped Australia pry the initiative from England;
the tourists eventually won the match. In 1949–50, Loxton cemented his
position in the national team, playing in all five Tests in South Africa
and scoring his only century
at international level. He remained a regular member of the Test team
until a form slump during the 1950–51 home season; he was dropped after
three Tests against England and never played for Australia again. Loxton
continued to play for Victoria in domestic competition until retiring
at the end of the 1957–58 season.
A member of the Liberal Party, Loxton entered politics and was a member of Victorian Legislative Assembly, representing the electoral district of Prahran
from 1955 to 1979. During this time, Loxton was also active in cricket
administration at club, state and international level. He was a state selector
for over two decades, and served at national level for ten years,
starting in 1970–71. He was also the team manager for Australia’s tour
of the subcontinent in 1959–60, overseeing a successful campaign despite
a spate of serious illnesses to personnel. Loxton had to deal with a
variety of tumultuous events on and off the field during his tenure,
often relating to player misconduct, and retired from cricket
administration in 1981 following the underarm incident.
Early and war years
Loxton was born in March 1921 at Albert Park, Victoria, the son of Sam Sr. and Annie. The elder Sam Loxton was an electrician who played second grade cricket for Collingwood. The younger Sam started his education at Yarra Park State School, where he learned to bat, using a pine tree in the schoolyard as the stumps; the same tree was used for the same purpose years earlier by Test players Vernon Ransford and Ernie McCormick, and long-serving Victorian batsman Jack Ledward. The family moved to Armadale, and young Loxton attended Armadale Public School before completing his secondary education at Wesley College, Melbourne, an elite private boys’ school. One of his colleagues at Wesley College was Ian Johnson, a future teammate for Victoria and Australia. The boys’ school coach was P. L. Williams, a renowned mentor of teenagers who had earlier coached Ross Gregory and future Test captain Lindsay Hassett. Away from his sporting commitments at school, Loxton played district cricket for Prahran’s third grade team when he was just 12.
The young cricketer’s parents were stalwarts of the club; Sam Sr. was
the scorer and served as a transport man, driving the matting and
equipment to matches, while Annie made cucumber sandwiches for 25 years—due to the economic difficulties caused by the Great Depression and World War II, meat catering for players was a luxury even at first-class and international matches.
The elder Sam was a member of the club committee from 1941 until his
death in 1974, and was a vice-president for the last 17 years of his
life. At the age of 16, the younger Loxton was selected in the Victorian Cricket Association
Colts team that played in the first grade competition in 1937–38; he
played three seasons with the outfit, which was effectively a state
youth team. The squad was coached by Bert Cohen and former Test batsman and captain Jack Ryder, and Loxton credited the latter as the biggest influence on his career, saying
He was an inspiration so far as I was concerned. He
had so much to do with my early grounding. Old Jack never had a drink
and never smoked a cigarette in his life and nobody walked so tall as
that man. He was my cricket father, no doubt about that at all.
Loxton improved significantly in his third season with the Colts, scoring his first century and taking 21 wickets, having managed only seven scalps in the two previous summers.
In 1940–41, aged 19, he moved back to Prahran to play in their first
grade team after the Colts were disbanded, and he became more productive
over the next few years, taking 46 wickets in one season.
Loxton also played Australian rules football, and in 1942, he made his debut in the Victorian Football League (VFL)—the highest tier of competition at the time—playing for St Kilda. One of his teammates was Keith Miller, a future Invincibles colleague. Loxton played as both a forward and a defender, and the pair sometimes played together in attack. The recruit from Prahran played in only six matches in his first year, kicking 15 goals. Debuting in round six, he started his career brightly, kicking five and four goals in his first two matches against Melbourne and Collingwood
respectively, helping his team to two victories. However, the goals and
victories began to dry up and Loxton managed only six goals and one win
in the remaining four matches. St Kilda came second to last and did not make the finals.
During World War II, Loxton served with the 2nd Armoured Division. He enlisted on 31 July 1942 at Oakleigh, Victoria and was discharged on 7 November 1945 with the rank of sergeant, having spent most of his time at the division headquarters. The war ended Loxton and Miller’s partnership at St Kilda. Miller was deployed to South Australia for training before becoming a fighter pilot in England, while his St Kilda colleague served in a reserve unit in Melbourne,
enabling him to continue his football career when granted leave. In
1943, Loxton played in only the last four matches of the season, all of
which were lost, kicking seven goals, and St Kilda finished last with a solitary victory from ten games. He managed three goals each against Essendon and South Melbourne but was held goal-less against Melbourne. The following year, Loxton played in all 18 matches and topped St Kilda’s goal-kicking aggregates with 52.
After making a slow start to the season, aggregating only four goals in
the first four matches, including two goal-less outings, he began to
score more heavily. The St Kilda forward registered a six-goal haul
in round eight, helping to secure an away win, and scored 23 goals in
the last six matches, including five in each of the last three matches.
However, St Kilda won only one of these three matches. Loxton’s efforts helped his club to finish ninth out of 12 teams, and he came second in the club Best and Fairest. He played a solitary match in 1945, which St Kilda lost, and went goal-less.
First-class and Test debut
An attacking right-handed middle-order batsman and a right-arm fast-medium bowler,
Loxton spent much of his cricket career in the shadow of Miller, who
played the same type of role. Upon Miller’s death in 2004, he said “I
was in Keith’s shadow all my career … and it was a pretty big shadow.” First-class cricket resumed in 1945–46 after the end of the war, but Loxton failed to gain state selection during the season.
He played his final VFL season in 1946 and was chosen in 12 of St
Kilda’s 19 games, kicking 40 goals. However, his team only won two of
these 12 matches, and finished second last.
Loxton had a strong start to his final season, kicking 34 goals in the
first 8 rounds. This included a career best of eight goals in another
away win over Geelong. He also added six goals apiece against Footscray and Collingwood, but it was not enough to prevent defeats.
However, Loxton missed three matches after the eighth round and upon
his return, struggled and managed only six goals in his last four
matches for St Kilda.
Having retired from top-tier football, Loxton soon broke into first-class cricket. He was selected for Victoria to make his debut in the match against Queensland in December 1946 because five players, including Miller, were playing in a Test match for Australia against England during their Test tour. The debutant scored 232 not out, sharing a Victorian record sixth-wicket partnership of 289 with Doug Ring, who made 145. When he had scored 183, Loxton hit himself on the head with his bat in attempting a hook shot,
but continued batting until the end of Victoria’s innings and then
opened the bowling in Queensland’s innings. He took the first wicket
before going off to hospital with concussion. Recovering in time to bowl in the second innings, he took 2 wickets for 40 runs (2/40) in an innings win. Loxton’s 232 not out remains a record debut score in Australian first-class cricket. His debut performance was enough for him to keep his place when the Test players returned, and he scored 73 and took a total of 3/17 in the next match against arch-rivals New South Wales, which Victoria won by an innings. He compiled 87 in the next match against Queensland, and Victoria won all but one of the five Sheffield Shield matches in which he played—the only draw was washed out—to claim the title. The all-rounder finished the season atop Victoria’s batting averages, with 429 runs at a batting average of 143.00. He also headed the bowling averages with 8 wickets at 14.00 runs apiece.
The following season, Loxton’s record was less spectacular despite
playing in all but one of Victoria’s matches. He hit 77 and 35 not out
in the opening match of the summer against the Indian tourists,
and was rewarded with selection in an Australian XI to play the
visitors ahead of the Tests. In what was effectively a Test trial, the
uncapped all-rounder failed to impress with the bat, making a duck and six. He bowled extensively, sending down 47 overs and taking a total of 4/113 as the Australians fell to a defeat.
Loxton was passed over for Test selection and returned to domestic
competition, scoring 53 and taking a total of 4/56 in the next match
against New South Wales, which the Victorians won by nine wickets.
He then went into an unproductive sequence, failing to pass 31 and
taking only three wickets in his next four matches over a two-month
period. His seven wickets in the Sheffield Shield games cost almost 49 runs each. Despite this, the Australian captain Don Bradman
had been impressed by what he saw of Loxton at domestic level, and the
Victorian all-rounder was chosen for the Fifth and final Test against
India. With the series already convincingly won 3–0, Australia decided to rest several players in order to trial up and coming cricketers ahead of the 1948 tour of England. Len Johnson, Loxton and fellow Victorian Ring were thus given their Test debuts.
Australia batted first and Loxton came in to bat in front of a supportive home crowd at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. He made 80, putting on 159 with fellow Victorian Neil Harvey,
who made his first Test century in his second international match, as
Australia amassed 8/575. The debutant all-rounder said that he was
nervous but Harvey “was going along merrily and he soon settled me
down”. Bradman fell ill and Bill Brown
led the Australians in the field during the first innings.
Understanding that one of the objectives was to give the new players an
opportunity to show their talent, Brown threw the ball to his debutants.
Johnson was given the ball first change, but failed to make an impact,
so Loxton was handed his chance. He had a catch dropped early on but
ended with 2/61 in the first innings, removing Hemu Adhikari and then Vinoo Mankad. In the words of Brown, the Victorian all-rounder “looked twice the bowler Johnson did”. The Victorian debutant took the wicket of Adhikari in the second innings as Australia enforced the follow on and skittled India by 67 to win by an innings. The Test debut performance won Loxton a place on the Invincibles tour to England
in 1948. He reflected that “It’s not the fellow who gets the
opportunity it’s the fellow who puts his hands around it and grabs it. I
just happened to be in the right place at the right time.”
After his position in the touring party was confirmed, he continued his
late-season resurgence, scoring two fifties for the Australians in two
matches against Tasmania before they departed for England.
Loxton started his English campaign slowly. Australia typically selected their strongest team for the tour opener against Worcestershire, and the all-rounder was omitted as the visitors won by an innings.
As the Australians often played six days a week, they employed a
rotation policy in the county matches, and in the second game against Leicestershire, Loxton made his debut on English soil. He made only four, before opening the bowling in both innings and taking a total of 1/23 in an innings victory. His attempts to break into the first-choice team were hampered by a groin strain he suffered in the third match against Yorkshire when he was striving for extra pace in his only over in the first innings. As a result he played no further part in the match.
One man down, Australia came closest to losing for the whole tour. They
fell to 6/31 in pursuit of 60—effectively seven down with Loxton unable
to bat—before scraping home without further loss after Yorkshire
dropped both batsmen.
The injured all-rounder missed two matches to recuperate before
reappearing in mid-May, hitting 120 as the Australians posted a total of
721 against Essex in a single day at Southend, still the highest single day’s total in first-class cricket. He put on 166 in 65 minutes with Ron Saggers, who, with Bill Brown and Donald Bradman, also scored centuries. Loxton’s rapid innings was noted for its hooking and driving and took around 80 minutes. He followed up with an unbeaten 79 and two wickets in the match against Oxford University, but that failed to win him a place in the first set-piece battle of the summer, against the Marylebone Cricket Club at Lord’s. The MCC fielded seven players who would represent England in the Tests,
and were basically a full-strength Test outfit, while Australia fielded
their strongest XI, so the fixture was effectively a dress rehearsal
for the Tests. Bradman opted to play Brown out of the position in the
middle-order, and Loxton missed out; Australia went on to win by an
Loxton then played in each of Australia’s four remaining tour games
before the Tests, but was unable to do enough to force his way into the
first-choice team. He made 39 and 52 against Lancashire, and 16 against Nottinghamshire, squandering his starts in the latter two innings to run outs. In the match against Hampshire, he made one in his only innings after Australia were caught on a damp pitch and took a solitary wicket. The Australian team’s batting depth did not help Loxton’s cause; in the final pre-Test match against Sussex,
a match won by an innings and 325 runs, he was slated to bat at No. 9,
but Australia’s earlier batsmen were largely untroubled so Bradman declared
at 5/549. The all-rounder’s 3/13 in the first innings had the effect of
removing him from the bowling line-up for the rest of the match, as Doug Ring, Ernie Toshack, Ron Hamence and Ian Johnson helped Ray Lindwall to bowl the touring team to an easy victory.
Loxton had limited opportunities as those ahead of him tended to finish
off the opposition before his turn, and did not score heavily enough
when he had a chance, so he was overlooked for the First Test at Trent Bridge. Bradman again opted to use Brown out of position in the middle-order as Australia took an eight-wicket win.
There were only two matches between the First and Second Tests. Loxton took a total of 2/29 and scored only 17 against Northamptonshire, and was rested against Yorkshire. Brown made a century in the latter match, and Australia fielded an unchanged team for the Second Test at Lord’s and completed another victory.
As the tour reached its halfway point, the Victorian began to make an
impression. In the next county game, his opening partnership with Neil Harvey scored the 122 runs needed to beat Surrey in only 58 minutes, Loxton making 47.
He also took a total 3/90 for the match, bowling 43 overs as Bradman
allowed his main bowlers to recuperate after the previous Test. In the following match against Gloucestershire he contributed an unbeaten 159 including four sixes, as Australia made their highest score for the summer, 7/774 declared.
The all-rounder’s innings involved a series of powerful strokes and he
was particularly noted for using his feet to charge and attack the off spin of Tom Goddard.
The Gloucestershire bowler had been touted as a possible Test
selection, because the other England bowlers had failed to contain
Australia’s batsman in the first two matches, but his chances of
selection were ended by the tourists’ assault at Bristol.
These performances won Loxton selection for the Third Test, played at Old Trafford, where he replaced Brown, who had struggled in the middle-order, averaging less than 25 in the unfamiliar environment.
The match was the most evenly contested Test of the series, with
England in control before four sessions were lost to rain on the last
two days, resulting in a draw. Loxton bowled 15 overs in all without
success, and made 36 runs batting at No. 7 in the first innings, helping
Australia to avoid the follow on. In the first innings, he ran out Alec Bedser, ending a 121-run partnership between Bedser and Denis Compton.
The Victorian all-rounder then top-scored with 123 and took a total
of 4/48 in a nine-wicket win in the intervening county match against Middlesex at Lord’s, and he retained his place in the side for the Fourth Test at Leeds.
Loxton was not involved in the second inning effort in which the
Australians scored 3/404 on the final day, a world record for a
successful Test run-chase, but he had taken three of the last four
wickets in England’s first innings of 496 and scored a hard-hitting 93
in the first innings, putting on 105 in 95 minutes with Harvey.
Their counterattacking partnership helped Australia to halt the English
momentum after an early collapse; the score was still 4/189 when Loxton
came in to bat. He was particularly severe on Jim Laker, lifting his off breaks into the crowd for four of his five sixes, mostly from lofted drives. With a maiden Test century beckoning, the Victorian swung wildly at a Norman Yardley ball and was bowled. In the dressing room, Sir Robert Menzies,
a Prime Minister of Australia well known as a cricket-lover, upbraided
him, saying “That was a pretty stupid thing to do. You could have made a
century”, to which the fallen batsman retorted, “Haven’t you made a few mistakes in your time, too?”
Nevertheless, Australia eventually proceeded from 6/329 at the time of
Loxton’s departure to end on 458, almost nullifying the effect of
England’s strong first innings total.
Immediately after the Fourth Test, Loxton scored 51 and took a total of 4/43 in an innings victory over Derbyshire,
but was less productive in his remaining three matches before the Fifth
Test, totaling only four wickets and 17 runs in three completed
He retained his position for the final Test of the series, but had
little to do in an innings victory. He was only required to bowl two
overs in the first innings as the frontline pacemen cut down the hosts
for only 52, and then scored 15 in Australia’s reply of 389. In the
second innings he bowled ten overs without taking a wicket.
The Victorian all-rounder was not prominent in his four matches after
the Tests, totaling only 112 runs and five wickets. His most successful
returns were four wickets for the match in an innings victory over Kent, and a quickfire 67 not out in 75 minutes against the South of England. In the final match of the England leg of the tour—there were two matches in Scotland afterwards—he hit a ball from Freddie Brown into his face, breaking his nose, thus forcing him to miss the final two matches in Scotland.
On the tour as a whole, Loxton scored 973 runs at an average of 57.23
and took 32 wickets at 21.71. Such was the strength of the team he was
only fifth in the batting averages and eighth among the bowlers. Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack summed up his contribution thus:
A fine driving batsman with a fierce square cut,
Loxton achieved little as a bowler, but he played his part as an
all-rounder, one of many in the team; in addition to his batting feats,
he kept the game alive by his unlimited enthusiasm. Whether in stopping
the ball or hurling down the wicket from almost any angle, he won the
admiration of all who appreciated keenness in the field.
Heading for South Africa
There were no Tests during the 1948–49 season in Australia, with only
domestic matches scheduled. Loxton played regularly for Victoria,
scoring 500 runs in the Sheffield Shield, compiling 135 against South
Australia and 84 against Queensland.
He scored 60 and took a total of 5/77 in one match against New South
Wales, but Victoria was unable to win either match against their
arch-rivals, who took the title.
Two big set-piece matches, a testimonial match for Bradman and a joint benefit for Alan Kippax and Bert Oldfield, were used by the selectors as a trial for the 1949–50 South African tour.
Loxton played in both testimonial matches; he failed to pass 21 in the
first match but took a total of 4/100. In the latter match he scored 93.
The Victorian all-rounder ended the season with 634 runs at 42.26 and
16 wickets at 24.31 and was selected for the South African tour under
the leadership of the newly appointed captain Lindsay Hassett.
Like the Invincibles tour, the 1949–50 Test series in South Africa was another triumph for the Australians. They won four of the five Tests and were undefeated in 21 first-class matches. Loxton started the tour strongly, making 117 in the opening match against Zululand, which was not first-class.
He continued his productivity in the succeeding games, never failing to
pass 40 in any completed innings in the first five first-class matches
of the tour. This included an all-round effort of 76 not out and a total
of 4/10 in an innings victory over Orange Free State.
However, the Victorian’s form slumped just before the Tests. He made
single figure scores in his last three innings, including in the last
match against a South African XI in what was effectively a dry run for
the Tests. However, he did take 4/32 for the match.
Loxton played in all five Tests, and in the First Test at the Wanderers in Johannesburg,
he scored his first Test century. He compiled 101 in 150 minutes,
helping Australia to a total of 413 after both opening batsmen were out
without scoring. Hassett’s men went on to win the match by an innings.
The Second Test was an eight-wicket victory for the Australians, this
time dominated by Harvey’s 178, with whom Loxton shared a 140-run stand
for the fifth wicket, contributing 35 himself. He also took a wicket. The Third Test at Kingsmead in Durban was dramatic; batting first, South Africa made 311 and Hugh Tayfield then took 7/23 as Australia collapsed to 75 all out after the rain and sun had baked the playing surface into a sticky wicket.
During the first innings, Hassett changed his batting order so that his
better batsmen were low down in the order so that they could bat in
better conditions as the pitch stabilised. Loxton batted at No. 10 and
Harvey at No. 9, but the Australians collapsed before the pitch had
changed measurably. Not enforcing the follow-on, the South Africans batted again and were themselves bowled out for 99, losing their last seven wickets for 14 runs. This left Australia to chase 336 runs for victory, highly unlikely as the last 28 wickets had fallen for only 245.
The tourists were still more than 200 runs in arrears when Loxton came
in to join Harvey. On Loxton’s first ball, a delivery from Tayfield
narrowly missed his edge. He survived to lunch after being caught from a no ball
on the long on boundary from a lofted drive. With an unbeaten 151,
Harvey took Australia to an improbable five-wicket victory, supported by
his fellow Victorian, who scored 54 in a century partnership.
The Fourth Test of the series was a high-scoring draw, Loxton making
six in his only innings. His 43 in the final Test of the series was
overshadowed by centuries for three of his team-mates, in an innings win
that sealed the series 4–0.
In the Test series as a whole, the Victorian all-rounder made 255 runs
at an average of 42.50, but bowled only 34 overs in taking two wickets.
He made little impact on the tour matches after the start of the Tests,
passing fifty twice and taking two wickets from 13 overs in five
matches. For the entire tour, Loxton totaled 809 first-class runs at 40.45 and took 12 wickets.
Loxton had an unproductive time during the 1950–51 Australian season.
He lost his Test place after three matches, and in Sheffield Shield
games his highest score for the season was just 62. In the first match of the season, he made four for Victoria against Freddie Brown’s touring team,
a portent of the coming season. However, he did bounce back in the
final match before the Tests, scoring 62 and 37 and taking 3/24 against
New South Wales. The First Test of the Ashes series at Brisbane
was decided largely by a tropical storm that completely changed the
nature of the pitch after the first day. The Australian all-rounder had
by then been the victim of a spectacular catch by England wicket-keeper Godfrey Evans,
making 24 in Australia’s 228. He picked up five catches—his first Test
catches in his tenth match—as the Australians surrounded the English
batsmen, who made 7/68 on the sticky wicket before Brown declared to
force the Australian batsmen to suffer on the treacherous surface.
Loxton was out for a duck
in the second innings, unable to cope with the conditions, as did most
of his compatriots. Australia collapsed to 3/0 before reaching 7/32, at
which point Hassett declared after 78 minutes of batting.
England fell to 6/30 at stumps in pursuit of 193. Twenty wickets had
fallen in four hours, while only 102 runs had been scored. Australia
eventually won the match by 71 runs.
In the Second Test at the Melbourne Cricket Ground,
his last at his home ground, Loxton’s 32 formed part of a stand of 84
with Hassett, the highest partnership in a closely fought, low-scoring
game in which no team passed 200. He again failed in the second innings,
scoring two as Australia scraped home by 28 runs. After contributing 17 in a total of 426 in the Third Test at the Sydney Cricket Ground, which Australia won by an innings to take an unassailable 3–0 series lead, he was dropped in favour of Jim Burke, who scored a century on debut. The Victorian never played Test cricket again.
Loxton returned to play for Victoria, and although he struggled for
runs, managing only three fifties for the season, wickets came
regularly. He took match totals of 4/55 and 3/24 against Queensland,
4/55 against South Australia and 2/23 against Western Australia;
Victoria won all four matches, and claimed the Sheffield Shield. Playing in seven of the eight matches, he scored 309 runs at 30.90 and taking 16 wickets at 12.56.
Although his Test career had finished, Loxton continued to play for
his state. He had another disappointing season with the bat in 1951–52,
scoring only 322 runs at 24.76 in nine matches. After winning the
opening match of the season against Western Australia, he did not taste
victory again until the final fixture of the summer against South
Australia, in which he scored 71—his only fifty of the season—and took a
total of 4/37 in an innings victory.
Victoria lost three times and would have suffered a fourth defeat but
for Loxton’s unbeaten 41 against Queensland, which helped them to hold
on for a draw with one wicket intact. He continued to take regular wickets, ending with 21 scalps at 31.00 for the season, including an innings best of 4/56, but he managed a total of only 4/249 against New South Wales, who went on to win the competition.
Loxton had a more productive campaign during the 1952–53 season,
scoring 470 runs at 33.57 and taking 23 wickets at 26.26 in nine
matches. He broke through for his first first-class century in three
years when he made 169 against New South Wales, but it was not enough to
prevent an innings defeat.
He scored 60 and took a match total of 5/102 in a match for Victoria
against the touring South Africans early in the season, but this was not
enough for him to regain his Test position. He bowled with steady
results throughout the season, never taking more than three wickets in
an innings and five in a match.
In 1953–54, Loxton was part of a Commonwealth team that toured India
during the Australian season, playing in 15 first-class matches. He
played in all five of the matches that were termed as “unofficial Tests”
on this tour.
The Victorian’s first month on tour was keynoted by his bowling. He
took 12 wickets at 19.75 but scored only 115 runs at 23.00 without
passing 25 in the first four matches.
Loxton had no success in the first representative match, scoring 2
and 6 and taking 0/72 in an innings defeat. However, his fortunes turned
in the next match against Bombay,
when he took 5/92, the first five-wicket innings haul in his
first-class career. He also scored 123, but was unable to force a
victory. He carried the form into the next representative match, scoring 55 and taking a total of 3/99 in a drawn encounter. The Victorian continued his all-round form against Bengal, scoring 100 and taking 5/87 in an innings victory.
His form tapered away thereafter and he failed to pass 40 and took only
a total of only four wickets in the three remaining representative
matches. The Commonwealth outfit won the third match but lost the
fourth, ceding the series 2–1. Loxton ended the tour with 647 runs at
35.94 and 33 wickets at 31.90, but struggled in the matches against
India, scoring 148 runs at 21.14 and taking 7 wickets at 56.14.
After returning to Australia, Loxton had a torrid time with the bat
in the 1954–55 season, scoring only 126 runs at 14.00 and failing to
pass 30 in his six matches. He took 12 wickets at 32.41 for the season, the least number of wickets in any of his first-class seasons. The all-rounder’s best effort was a 4/31 against New South Wales in a match that Victoria lost by nine wickets.
Loxton had a more productive summer in 1955–56. In seven matches, he
scored 286 runs at 40.85 including an unbeaten century against South
Australia, and took 14 wickets at 20.07; his best was a 4/35 in the
return match against South Australia. The Sheffield Shield was won by Victoria’s bitter rivals New South Wales in both seasons.
In 1956–57, his penultimate season for Victoria, Loxton—aged nearly
36—scored 134 and took 2/30 to orchestrate an innings victory over South
Australia in the second match of the summer. In the penultimate match
of the season, which effectively determined the fate of the Sheffield
Shield, the Victorian all-rounder took 4/44 to help dismiss New South
Wales for 149 and take a 292-run first innings lead. However, the
defending champions hung on for a draw to ensure the retention of their
title. Loxton then surpassed his previous career best by taking 6/49
against Western Australia to set up a nine-wicket win in the last match of the season.
Loxton retired after playing in the 1957–58 season. With the Test players in South Africa,
he made 331 runs at 41.37 including 2 centuries, and took 9 wickets at
26.33 in 8 matches. He made 107 in an innings triumph over Queensland
and 106 in a drawn match against South Australia. It was not enough for
him to win a third Sheffield Shield title; New South Wales won for the
fifth successive time, defeating Victoria in both of their matches.
Loxton made little impact in his final match; although the Victorians
defeated Queensland, his only participation was to score five runs in
the first innings. His highest score remained the 232 not out he had
made on his first-class debut.
Loxton continued to play for Prahran until 1962–63, and he topped the
batting and bowling averages for the club on five and six occasions
respectively. He topped both the batting and bowling averages in the same season on four occasions.
The all-rounder scored a total of 6,032 runs and took 351 wickets
during his first grade career, and was named the captain of the club’s
honorary Team of the Century.
An aggressive right-handed all-rounder, Loxton tended to bat in the
middle-order, and bowled after the new ball pacemen. As well as being a
belligerent batsman, he was a right-arm fast-medium swing bowler
known for his ability to move the ball, and a powerful outfielder. He
had a strong arm and exploited his power frequently, to the extent that
the Australian wicket-keeper Don Tallon complained about the jarring impact of his unnecessarily strong throws when the batsmen were already home and no run out was possible.
Loxton was known for his energetic and aggressive approach to cricket,
and liked to attack and intimidate opposition batsmen. In one match in
the late-1950s, he bowled an eight-ball over at New South Welshman Norm O’Neill consisting entirely of bouncers aimed at the upper body.
Loxton was not afraid of opposition bowlers doing the same to him; he
had a penchant for trying to hook bouncers out of the ground.
He was a predominantly back-foot player whose initial foot-movement
tended to be back and towards and then across the stumps. When he
committed to a back foot shot, Loxton often made such a decisive retreat
that he almost stepped onto his stumps.
One painter once captured the Victorian almost disturbing the woodwork
with his right leg, leading Loxton to quip “That’s what I call using the
Hassett said that his fellow Victorian “really used to give everything
he had all the time… Put him on to bowl and he’d bowl his hardest, no
matter how he felt.”
Bradman said that Loxton “never shirked the issue” and that “he’d throw
himself into it with everything he had. This is one of the reasons he
was a great team man. You could call on him at any stage and he’d give
you his very best.”
Bradman said that the Victorian all-rounder “was never a great
cricketer in the sense that some others were great, but he was a very
good player and what he lacked in ability he made up for in effort”.
He further added that the Victorian was “the very essence of
belligerence…His whole attitude suggests defiance and when he hits the
ball it is the music of a sledgehammer.” Former Test leg spinner Bill O’Reilly,
while agreeing that Loxton was always energetic, regarded his bowling
as being too dull and predictable to have any major impact at the
highest level, and thought that the Victorian all-rounder’s career would
have been best served by saving his energy purely for batting.
As a footballer, Loxton usually played as a forward, but was also
used as a full-back and alternated between the two positions. He was
known for his physical strength; another VFL player who had a reputation
as an “enforcer” tried to bump him and later said that the collision
made him feel as though he had run into a goalpost.
According to Robert Coleman, Loxton was “competitive, pugnacious and
outspoken, with a doglike loyalty to everyone and everything he served,
whether it was his captain, his team, his party, his premier or his
Manager in 1959–60
Loxton was the manager of the 1959–60 Australian team that toured Pakistan and India. By this time, only two colleagues from the 1948 Invincibles tour—Harvey and Ray Lindwall—remained. The Victorian was the first manager since World War II to not also be a member of the Australian Board of Control. It was widely believed that the high-ranking administrators saw the Indian subcontinent as an unenviable appointment;
on past tours, many players had fallen seriously ill, suffered food
poisoning, and found the oppressive heat and third world living
conditions hard to bear. Some players were reluctant to tour and wanted to opt out.
Loxton felt that his experience with the Commonwealth XI six years
earlier was a factor in his selection and suspected that he was the only
applicant, quipping “what board member would be silly enough to go
Loxton was known for his blunt nature, and his appointment to a post that required him to liaise with cricket officials from opposing nations raised eyebrows. The cricket historian Gideon Haigh wrote “Thoughts of such a gruff, soldierly man acting the diplomat had caused great ribaldry”. In a speech at a cricket dinner, his former captain Hassett joked “I would advise Mr [Prime Minister] Menzies to have army and navy standing by. A week after Sam gets to India, war is bound to break out.”
On the field, the Australians—captained by Richie Benaud—were successful. They defeated Pakistan
2–0 in three Tests, and India 2–1 over five matches. Australia’s only
other Test win on Pakistani soil came in 1998 and they have only won two
series in India since the Benaud-Loxton expedition.
They also remained unbeaten outside the Test matches. Despite the
success with bat and ball, the Australians were struck down by serious
illness during the second part of their tour in India, despite taking Dr. Ian McDonald—a former Victorian first-class cricketer—with the travelling party. Gordon Rorke, Lindsay Kline and Gavin Stevens all contracted hepatitis;
the former two were sent home, while the latter was too ill to fly back
to Australia until the end of the tour. Harvey said that Stevens—who
never played first-class cricket again after his illness—”could’ve been
the first man to die on tour”. Due to the bevy of unfit players, Loxton was forced to line up in one game, against Indian Universities in Bangalore, two years after playing his last first-class match. He scored 33 and bowled six overs without taking a wicket in a high-scoring draw.
There were several administrative difficulties during the tour. Bill Dowling—the
chairman of the Australian Board of Control—had informed Loxton that no
Test match was to begin until a receipt for 6,500 pounds had been
handed over to Australian authorities.
The Australian manager had also been told to rebuff any Pakistani
overtures for a reciprocal tour, as it was feared that they lacked
public appeal and would have caused financial losses due to a fall in
ticket sales. Despite previous assurances to prepare turf pitches, the locals made a matting surface for the First Test. During the Second Test, when asked by General Ayub Khan—head
of the ruling military junta—why Pakistan had not been invited to
Australia, Loxton exploited the opportunity to complain about the
wickets. When the tourists were greeted by another matting track in the
Third Test, Ayub threatened to shoot the groundsmen if they prepared any
more non-turf surfaces. The financial issue reared its head before the Second Test against India in Kanpur,
when Loxton belligerently refused to start the match after the payment
had failed to arrive on time. An Indian official asked the Australian
manager to not “spoil a beautiful friendship over money”, to which the Australian manager replied “Try me. I want it please…You know the rules.” The match proceeded after the cheque was delivered, and India inflicted Australia’s only defeat for the tour and their first Test win over the visitors. Another mishap occurred during the Fifth Test at Eden Gardens in Calcutta; the Australians left their hotel and took to the field with ten men, having failed to notice that Ian Meckiff had overslept and been left behind by the team bus. During the First Test against Pakistan in Dacca,
one of the umpires took off his shoes and put them on the ground while
play was in progress. Loxton took a photo of the scene and lodged it to
cricket authorities, asking them to make a ruling on whether a batsman
would be out if the ball struck the umpire’s loose shoes and bounced up
into a fielder’s hands. However, he never received a reply.
Loxton joined the Armadale branch of the Liberal Party in 1950. Henry Bolte, the Liberal leader in Victoria, was the state opposition leader at the time, and encouraged him to enter politics.
The cricketer’s entry into electoral politics came after he was
involved in a debate at a cricket club meeting. A person at the
gathering reported his argumentative performance to senior Liberal Party
figures, and soon after, Bolte began actively courting the cricketer. On 28 September 1954, Loxton won pre-selection and was endorsed as the Liberal candidate for the electorate of Prahran. At the time, the seat was comfortably held by the ruling Australian Labor Party (ALP), who had captured 61.59% of the vote at the previous election.
The Liberals were not optimistic about their chances, and Bolte told
his candidate “You won’t win [the seat], but we’d like you to fly the
The cricketer refused to think that his candidacy was simply there to
make up the numbers, and he told Bolte as much. The start of the
election campaign coincided with the 1954–55 grade cricket finals.
Loxton took 7 wickets and scored 129 runs to help Prahran claim the
title for the first time in 32 years, and was hailed as a local hero. It capped off a season in which he topped the competition batting averages and took the most wickets. In a close-run contest, the cricketer defeated the sitting ALP member Bob Pettiona by only 14 votes on the two party preferred count. He was aided by preferences from the Democratic Labor Party
(DLP), which had broken away from the ALP during the 1950s, claiming
that the root organisation was too soft towards communism; fears of
left-wing influence was causing great concern in Australian society at
Loxton polled 35.70% of the first preferences, well behind Pettiona’s
47.25%, but received almost all of the DLP’s 13.66% of the vote as
preferences to end with 50.04%. The result helped bring Bolte’s Liberals to power, and they stayed in office until 1982, by which time Loxton had retired.
Loxton entered the Victorian parliament in 1955, and served as government whip from 1961 until his retirement in 1979.
At the time of his election, he was the youngest member of parliament,
and was given the honour of making the Address-in-Reply, the first
speech after opening of the new sitting by the governor, using it to advocate increased lending from the government-owned banks to promote higher levels of home ownership. At the 1958 election, Loxton consolidated his hold on the seat, leading on first preferences (43.67%), and ending with 54.85% of the two party preferred vote to halt Pettiona’s attempted comeback.
During the election campaign in 1961, a campaign meeting in Prahran
that was attended by Premier Bolte and Loxton drew several hundred
people and descended into chaos; heckling and some scuffles broke out. At this election, the Liberals’ primary vote fell to 41.69% behind the Labor Party’s candidate George Gahan 45.29%, and he had to rely on DLP preferences to retain the seat with a reduced two party preferred vote of 52.71%.
The Liberals may have been hindered by a how-to-vote card circulated on
election day by a third party that had a pro-Liberal headline, but
instructed the reader to mark the ALP candidate as their first
preference. Loxton managed to secure a court injunction—believed to be
the first of its kind in Victoria—prohibiting further distribution of
the material, but not before hundreds of misleading instructions had
In 1964, Loxton increased his primary vote to 45.77% and defeated Pettiona for the third time, ending with a fairly safe 57.72% after the distribution of preferences. In 1967, the retired cricketer repelled a political challenge by Jack Dyer, an iconic former footballer of the Richmond Tigers famed as one of the toughest players in history,
and retained his seat at further elections in 1970, 1973 and 1976
before opting to retire at the 1979 poll. Without Loxton’s personal
appeal, the Liberals lost the seat to the ALP upon his departure.
As he continued to play first-class cricket for three years after his
election to parliament, he was a busy man, and team-mates described him
as a hard-working representative, recalling that he often brought his
political paperwork to the ground with him, going through the material
while waiting in the dressing room for his turn to bat. Although he was a low-key presence in the parliamentary chambers, Loxton served on the library committee from 1958 to 1961, and he was known for his work ethic and thorough approach, as well as his “sporting charisma”.
Loxton continued to involve himself in cricket administration after
his retirement as a player. He was a Victorian selector from 1957 to
1980–81 and the Prahran delegate to the Victorian Cricket Association (VCA) from 1955–56 to 1979–80.
Loxton was Prahran’s vice president and was involved in coaching and
selecting teams, and his service to the club was honoured with life
membership. He served as a MCG trustee from 1962 to 1982.
The Victorian was appointed as the manager for Australia’s tour of
India in 1969–70 but had to withdraw due to a clash of commitments.
In his absence, the campaign hit rocky waters. Although Australia won
3–1, the players became disgruntled with the arrangements made by the
administrators, while rancorous incidents leading to crowd riots were
He was a Test selector for the Australian team from 1970 to 1981,
filling the vacancy left by the retirement of former Test captain Ryder.
Loxton’s tenure on the selection panel coincided with a period of great
upheaval in Australian cricket, on and off the field. Up until 1965,
Australia had never lost a Test series to any country other than
England, and their bilateral contests were regarded as the de facto world championship. However, in the next five years, Australia lost away to the West Indies 2–1, and to South Africa twice, 3–1 and 4–0 respectively. The former all-rounder became a selector after the whitewash in South Africa, joining Bradman and Harvey on the panel.
During the 1970–71 home series against England, which Australia lost
2–1, the trio made a raft of changes, handing debuts to nine players,
the largest number in a season since 1945–46 when competition resumed
after World War II. One of the new players that Harvey and Loxton recommended to Bradman was Dennis Lillee, who went on to become one of Australia’s greatest fast bowlers and the world’s leading wicket-taker. However, the season ended acrimoniously when captain Bill Lawry was sacked before the final Test without being informed of his fate; he only learned of his omission second hand.
In 1977, Loxton helped to select David Hookes to make his debut in the Centenary Test, after receiving a recommendation from Bradman, who had retired from the panel. Hookes famously struck five consecutive fours in one Tony Greig over in an Australian win.
The later period of Loxton’s tenure was thrown into chaos when most of
the leading players abandoned the existing establishment to sign
contracts with the breakaway World Series Cricket—which offered substantially more remuneration—meaning that an almost-entirely new team had to be cobbled together; the 42-year-old Bob Simpson was brought out of a decade of retirement to lead the outfit. During this time, Australia’s depleted team suffered many heavy defeats.
During the 1970s, Loxton also became more disillusioned with cricket,
as player behaviour deteriorated and incidences of verbal hostility and
The former all-rounder was known for his vigorous advocacy of the more
sedate and gentlemanly conduct that existed during his playing days and
felt that he and his fellow administrators were losing control of the
In February 1981, matters came to a head. Loxton, who was watching a one-day international between Australia and New Zealand at the MCG in his role as a selector, broke down and wept after Australian captain Greg Chappell infamously ordered his younger brother Trevor to exploit a loophole and bowl underarm to eliminate the chance of a defeat. Loxton saw the Australian skipper’s action as a “betrayal” of cricket. He turned to a fellow official and remarked “The game’s gone! Money has become the god and winning is everything.”
At a VCA meeting in April 1981, Loxton announced that he was severing
all connections with organised cricket. He initially said that he was
resigning for family reasons, as he would be moving to the Gold Coast in Queensland
with his wife. However, he proceeded to give a blunt 15-minute speech,
claiming that he had lost the art of communicating with the players and
expressing his disenchantment with some aspects of the game, a reference
to the declining player conduct. After relocating to the Gold Coast, he was unable to turn his back on cricket, and umpired matches at local level into his 70s.
Although he became severely visually impaired, Loxton still attended
matches and asked his companions to describe the proceedings for him;
ever opinionated and blunt, he still offered advice to local cricketers.
Other work and personal life
Prior to entering politics, Loxton worked as a bank teller. In 1956, television began in Australia, and he participated in the nation’s first generation of sports telecasting. Loxton was a commentator on GTV-9 for the Melbourne Summer Olympics held in late 1956, and his co-commentators included American track and field icon Jesse Owens. After leaving parliament, the former politician joined the property developers Ellis, Sallmann and Seward.
Loxton served as an administrator with various local groups. He was
vice-president of the Victorian School for Deaf Children, president of
the Prahran Technical School Council and a member of the Prahran College
of Advanced Education Council. With regards to housing and social
inclusion issues, he served as a committee member of the Glen Loch Home
for the Aged and chairman of the Deakin Co-operative Housing Society.
His opinions on contemporary cricket were frequently sought. “People get a bit worried about me,” he told Cricinfo in 2008, “Shane Warne‘s been a fine bowler—no doubt about it, he’s done some wonderful things—but Bill O’Reilly and Clarrie Grimmett, who have better strike-rates per match than Warne and never played against a 2nd XI [a reference to the likes of Bangladesh and Zimbabwe]—they only played against the best—had no rough to bowl at. I never had to bat to a leg-spinner who bowled into the rough outside my leg stump, and I played for a long time.”
Loxton married three times. He divorced his first wife Hilda in February 1952 after a nine-year union that produced no children. The cricketer then wed Caryl Bond, whom he had met during the 1949–50 tour of South Africa, and the pair had two sons. Loxton later divorced Bond and wed his third wife Joan Shiels.
In 2000, one of his sons and his third wife died on the same day, due
to a shark attack in Fiji and drowning in the family swimming pool,
respectively. In later life he lived alone and was still mobile despite being almost blind. Loxton died on 3 December 2011.
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