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Julia Sampson Hayward, American tennis player, won Australian Open doubles and mixed doubles (1963), died he was 77

Julia Ann Sampson Hayward was a female tennis player from the United States who won two Grand Slam titles died he was 77..

(February 2, 1934 – December 27, 2011)

As the second seeded foreign player, Hayward reached the singles final of the 1953 Australian Championships, losing to Maureen Connolly Brinker 6–3, 6–2.
Hayward and Rex Hartwig teamed to win the mixed doubles title at the 1953 Australian Championships, defeating Connolly and Ham Richardson in the final 6–4, 6–3. Hayward and Hartwig reached the mixed doubles final at the 1953 U.S. Championships, losing to Doris Hart and Vic Seixas 6–2, 4–6, 6–4.
Connolly and Hayward teamed to win the women’s doubles title at the 1953 Australian Championships, defeating Mary Bevis Hawton and Beryl Penrose Collier in the final 6–4, 6–2. At both the French Championships and Wimbledon in 1953, Connolly and Hayward lost in the final to Hart and Shirley Fry Irvin.
The score in the Wimbledon final was 6–0, 6–0, which was the only
double bagel in the history of Wimbledon women’s doubles finals. At the
1953 U.S. Championships, Connolly and Hayward again lost to Hart and Irvin, this time in the semifinals 6–4, 6–3.
Hayward was ranked tenth in the year-end rankings issued by the United States Lawn Tennis Association for 1952 and 1953.[2]

Grand Slam record

  • Wimbledon
    • Women’s Doubles runner-up: 1953

Grand Slam singles tournament timeline

Tournament 1951 1952 1953 Career SR
Australian Championships A A F 0 / 1
French Championships A A 3R 0 / 1
Wimbledon A A QF 0 / 1
U.S. Championships 1R 3R 1R 0 / 3
SR 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 4 0 / 6

A = did not participate in the tournament.
SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

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Helen Frankenthaler, American painter, died he was 83.

Helen Frankenthaler  was an American abstract expressionist
painter died he was 83.. She was a major contributor to the history of postwar American
painting. Having exhibited her work for over six decades (early 1950s
until 2011), she spanned several generations of abstract painters while
continuing to produce vital and ever-changing new work.[1]

(December 12, 1928 – December 27, 2011)

Frankenthaler began exhibiting her large-scale abstract expressionist
paintings in contemporary museums and galleries in the early 1950s. She
was included in the 1964 Post-Painterly Abstraction exhibition curated by Clement Greenberg that introduced a newer generation of abstract painting that came to be known as Color Field. Born in Manhattan, she was influenced by Hans Hofmann, Jackson Pollock‘s
paintings and by Clement Greenberg. Her work has been the subject of
several retrospective exhibitions, including a 1989 retrospective at the
Museum of Modern Art in New York City, and been exhibited worldwide since the 1950s. In 2001, she was awarded the National Medal of Arts.
Frankenthaler had a home and studio in Darien, Connecticut.[2]

Early life and education

Helen Frankenthaler was a New Yorker.[3] She was born in Manhattan on December 12, 1928. Her father was Alfred Frankenthaler, a respected New York State Supreme Court judge. Her mother, Martha (Lowenstein), had emigrated with her family from Germany to the United States shortly after she was born.[4] Her two sisters, Marjorie and Gloria, were six and five years older, respectively. Growing up on Manhattan’s Upper East Side,
Frankenthaler absorbed the privileged background of a cultured and
progressive intellectual family that encouraged all three daughters to
prepare themselves for professional careers. Her nephew is the
artist/photographer Clifford Ross.[5]
Frankenthaler studied at the Dalton School under Rufino Tamayo and also at Bennington College in Vermont. She met Clement Greenberg in 1950 and had a five-year relationship with him.[4] She was later married to fellow artist Robert Motherwell (1915–1991), from 1958 until they divorced in 1971.[3] She has two stepdaughters, Jeannie Motherwell and Lise Motherwell.[4] Both born of wealthy parents, the pair was known as “the golden couple” and noted for their lavish entertaining.[4] She married Stephen M. DuBrul, Jr., an investment banker who served the Ford administration, in 1994.[4]
Frankenthaler had been on the faculty of Hunter College.

Style and technique

Mountains and Sea, 1952, 86 5/8 x 117 1/4 inches, (220 x 297.8 cm., oil and charcoal on canvas, on extended loan to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC.

Initially associated with abstract expressionism[6] her career was launched in 1952 with the exhibition of Mountains and Sea.[7] This painting is large – measuring seven feet by ten feet – and has the effect of a watercolor,
though it is painted in oils. In it, she introduced the technique of
painting directly onto an unprepared canvas so that the material absorbs
the colors. She heavily diluted the oil paint with turpentine so that
the color would soak into the canvas. This technique, known as “soak
stain” was used by Jackson Pollock (1912–1956), and others; and was adopted by other artists notably Morris Louis (1912–1962), and Kenneth Noland (1924–2010), and launched the second generation of the Color Field school of painting.[8][9]
This method would sometimes leave the canvas with a halo effect around
each area to which the paint was applied but has a disadvantage in that
the oil in the paints will eventually cause the canvas to discolor and
rot away.[10][11]
Frankenthaler preferred to paint in privacy. If assistants were present she preferred them to be inconspicuous when not needed.[12]


One of her most important influences was Clement Greenberg (1909–1994), an influential art and literary critic with whom she had a personal friendship and who included her in the Post-Painterly Abstraction exhibition that he curated in 1964.[3][13] Through Greenberg she was introduced to the New York art scene. Under his guidance she spent the summer of 1950 studying with Hans Hofmann (1880–1966), catalyst of the Abstract Expressionist movement.
The first Jackson Pollock show Frankenthaler saw was at the Betty Parsons Gallery in 1950. She had this to say about seeing Pollock’s paintings Autumn Rhythm, Number 30, 1950 (1950), Number One,1950 (Lavender Mist) (1950):

“It was all there. I wanted to live in this land. I had to live there, and master the language.”

In 1960 the term Color Field painting was used to describe the work of Frankenthaler.[14]
This style was characterized by large areas of a more or less flat
single color. The Color Field artists set themselves apart from the
Abstract Expressionists because they eliminated the emotional, mythic or
the religious content and the highly personal and gestural and
painterly application.[15]
Some of her thoughts on painting:

“A really good picture looks as if it’s happened at once. It’s an
immediate image. For my own work, when a picture looks labored and
overworked, and you can read in it—well, she did this and then she did
that, and then she did that—there is something in it that has not got to
do with beautiful art to me. And I usually throw these out, though I
think very often it takes ten of those over-labored efforts to produce
one really beautiful wrist motion that is synchronized with your head
and heart, and you have it, and therefore it looks as if it were born in
a minute.” In Barbara Rose, Frankenthaler (New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. 1975, p. 85)

Awards and legacy

Frankenthaler received the National Medal of Arts in 2001.[16] She served on the National Council on the Arts of the National Endowment for the Arts from 1985 to 1992.[17]
Her other awards include First Prize for Painting at the first Paris
Biennial (1959); Joseph E. Temple Gold Medal, Pennsylvania Academy of
Fine Arts, Philadelphia (1968); New York City Mayor’s Award of Honor for
Arts and Culture (1986); and Distinguished Artist Award for Lifetime
Achievement, College Art Association (1994).[18]
Frankenthaler did not consider herself a feminist: she said “For me,
being a ‘lady painter’ was never an issue. I don’t resent being a female
painter. I don’t exploit it. I paint.”[19] “Art was an extremely macho business,” Anne Temkin, chief curator at the Museum of Modern Art, told NPR. “For me, there’s a great deal of admiration just in the courage and the vision that she brought to what she did.”[20]
In 1953, Kenneth Noland and Morris Louis saw her Mountains and Sea which, Louis said later, was a “bridge between Pollock and what was possible.”[21] On the other hand some critics called her work “merely beautiful.”[20] Grace Glueck’s obituary in The New York Times summed up Frankenthaler’s career:

Critics have not unanimously praised Ms. Frankenthaler’s art. Some
have seen it as thin in substance, uncontrolled in method, too sweet in
color and too “poetic.” But it has been far more apt to garner admirers
like the critic Barbara Rose, who wrote in 1972 of Ms. Frankenthaler’s
gift for “the freedom, spontaneity, openness and complexity of an image,
not exclusively of the studio or the mind, but explicitly and
intimately tied to nature and human emotions.”[4]


Frankenthaler’s first solo exhibition took place at the Tibor de Nagy Gallery,
New York, in the fall of 1951. Her first major museum show, a
retrospective of her 1950s work with a catalog by the critic and poet
Frank O’Hara, a curator at the Museum of Modern Art, was at the Jewish Museum in 1960. Subsequent solo exhibitions include “Helen Frankenthaler,” Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (1969; traveled to Whitechapel Gallery, London; Orangerie Herrenhausen, Hanover; and Kongresshalle, Berlin), and “Helen Frankenthaler: a Painting Retrospective,” The Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth (1989–90; traveled to the Museum of Modern Art, New York; Los Angeles County Museum of Art; and Detroit Institute of Arts).[22]


Frankenthaler’s work is represented in institutional collections worldwide, including the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto; Art Institute of Chicago; Los Angeles County Museum of Art; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Centre Pompidou, Paris; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Museum of Modern Art, New York; National Gallery of Australia, Canberra; National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; and Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.[23]


At her death in 2011 it became widely known through social media that Frankenthaler tried to stop the support of the National Endowment for the Arts
to artists and was one of those responsible for the NEA dropping
individual grants to artists. According to LA Times, “Frankenthaler did
take a highly public stance during the late 1980s “culture wars” that
eventually led to deep budget cuts for the National Endowment for the
Arts and a ban on grants to individual artists that still persists. At
the time, she was a presidential appointee to the National Council on
the Arts, which advises the NEA’s chairman. In a 1989 commentary for the
New York Times, she wrote that, while “censorship and government
interference in the directions and standards of art are dangerous and
not part of the democratic process,” controversial grants to Andres Serrano, Robert Mapplethorpe
and others reflected a trend in which the NEA was supporting work “of
increasingly dubious quality. Is the council, once a helping hand, now
beginning to spawn an art monster? Do we lose art … in the guise of
endorsing experimentation?”[24]

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Sir Michael Dummett, British philosopher, died he was 86.

Sir Michael Anthony Eardley Dummett, FBA, D.Litt was a British philosopher died he was 86.[1] He was, until 1992, Wykeham Professor of Logic at the University of Oxford. He wrote on the history of analytic philosophy, most notably as an interpreter of Frege, and has made original contributions to the subject, particularly in the philosophies of mathematics, logic, language and metaphysics. He was known for his work on truth and meaning and their implications for the debates between realism and anti-realism, a term he helped popularize. He devised the Quota Borda system of proportional voting, based on the Borda count.

(27 June 1925 – 27 December 2011)

Education and Army Service

Dummett was the son of a merchant of silks. He studied at Sandroyd School and was a First Scholar at Winchester College, later winning a Major Scholarship to study History at Christ Church, Oxford in 1943. He was called up that year and served, initially as a private in the Royal Artillery before joining the Intelligence Corps in India and Malaya. He was also awarded a fellowship to All Souls College, Oxford.

Academic career

In 1979, Dummett became Wykeham Professor of Logic at Oxford, a post he held until retiring in 1992. During his term as Wykeham Professor, he held a Fellowship at New College, Oxford. He has also held teaching posts at Birmingham University, UC Berkeley, Stanford University, Princeton University, and Harvard University. He won the Rolf Schock prize in 1995, and was knighted in 1999. He was the 2010 winner of the Lauener Prize for an Outstanding Oeuvre in Analytical Philosophy.
During his career at Oxford, he supervised many philosophers who have gone on to distinguished careers, including Peter Carruthers, Ian Rumfitt, and Crispin Wright.

Work in philosophy

His work on the German philosopher Frege has been acclaimed. His first book Frege: Philosophy of Language
(1973), written over many years, is now regarded as a classic. The book
was instrumental in the rediscovery of Frege’s work, and influenced a
generation of British philosophers.
In his 1963 paper Realism[2] he popularised a controversial approach to understanding the historical dispute between realist and other non-realist schools of philosophy such as idealism, nominalism, Irrealism etc. He characterized all of these latter positions as anti-realist
and argued that the fundamental disagreement between realist and
anti-realist was over the nature of truth. For Dummett, realism is best
understood as accepting the classical characterisation of truth as bivalent
and evidence-transcendent, while anti-realism rejects this in favor of a
concept of knowable truth. Historically, these debates had been
understood as disagreements about whether a certain type of entity
objectively exists or not. Thus, we may speak of (anti-)realism with
respect to other minds, the past, the future, universals, mathematical
entities (such as natural numbers),
moral categories, the material world, or even thought. The novelty of
Dummett’s approach consisted in seeing these disputes as, at base,
analogous to the dispute between intuitionism and platonism in the philosophy of mathematics.
It is now common, thanks to Dummett’s influence, to speak of a
post-Dummettian generation of English philosophers, including such
figures as John McDowell, Christopher Peacocke, and Crispin Wright—though only Wright has been fairly close to Dummett on substantive philosophical questions.


Dummett was politically active, through his work as a campaigner
against racism. He let his philosophical career stall in order to
influence civil rights for minorities during what he saw as a crucial
period of reform in the late 1960s. He also has worked on the theory of
voting, which led to his introduction of the Quota Borda system.
Dummett drew heavily on his work in this area in writing his book On Immigration and Refugees,
an account of what justice demands of states in relationship to
movement between states. Dummett in that book argues that the vast
majority of opposition to immigration is founded in racism and says that
this has especially been so in the UK.
He has written of his shock on finding anti-Semitic and fascist opinions in the diaries of Frege, to whose work he had devoted such a high proportion of his professional career.

Elections and voting

Dummett and Robin Farquharson
published influential articles on the theory of voting, in particular
conjecturing that deterministic voting rules with more than three issues
faced endemic strategic voting.[3] The Dummett-Farquharson conjecture was proved by Allan Gibbard, a philosopher and former student of Kenneth J. Arrow and John Rawls, and by Mark A. Satterthwaite, an economist.[4]
After the establishment of the Farquarson-Dummett conjecture by
Gibbard and Sattherthwaite, Dummett contributed three proofs of the Gibbard–Satterthwaite theorem in his monograph on voting. He also wrote a shorter overview of the theory of voting for the educated public.

Card games and tarot

Dummett was also an established scholar in the field of card games history, with numerous books and articles to his credit. He is a founding member of the International Playing-Card Society, in whose journal The Playing-Card
he regularly published opinions, research and reviews of current
literature on the subject; he is also a founding member of the Accademia del Tarocchino Bolognese in Bologna. His historical work on the use of the tarot pack in card games – he has said “(t)he fortune telling and occult part of it has never been my principal interest…”[5]The Game of Tarot: From Ferrara to Salt Lake City, attempted to establish that the invention of Tarot could be set in 15th-century Italy. He laid the foundation for most of the subsequent research on the game of tarot, including exhaustive accounts of the rules of all hitherto known forms of the game.[citation needed]
His analysis of the historical evidence suggested that
fortune-telling and occult interpretations were unknown prior to the
18th century. During most of their recorded history, he wrote, Tarot
cards were used to play an extremely popular trick-taking game which is
still enjoyed in much of Europe. Dummett showed that the middle of the
18th century saw a great development in the game of Tarot, including a
modernized deck with French suit-signs, and without the medieval
allegories that interest occultists, along with a growth in Tarot’s
popularity. “The hundred years between about 1730 and 1830 were the
heyday of the game of Tarot; it was played not only in northern Italy,
eastern France, Switzerland, Germany and Austro-Hungary, but also in
Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden and even Russia. Not only was
it, in these areas, a famous game with many devotees: it was also,
during that period, more truly an international game than it had ever
been before or than it has ever been since….”[6]

Conversion to Roman Catholicism

In 1944 he was received into the Roman Catholic Church,
and remained a practising Catholic. Throughout his career, Dummett
published a number of articles on various issues facing the contemporary
Catholic Church, mainly in the English Dominican journal, New Blackfriars.
Dummett published an essay in the bulletin of the Adoremus Society on
the subject of liturgy, and a philosophical essay defending the
intelligibility of the Catholic Church’s teaching on the eucharist (“The Intelligibility of Eucharistic Doctrine” in William J. Abraham and Steven W. Holzer, eds., The Rationality of Religious Belief: Essays in Honour of Basil Mitchell, Clarendon Press, 1987.)
In October 1987, one of his contributions to New Blackfriars
sparked considerable controversy, when he seemingly attacked currents of
Catholic theology which appeared to him to diverge from orthodox
Catholicism and argued that “the divergence which now obtains between
what the Catholic Church purports to believe and what large or important
sections of it in fact believe ought, in my view, to be tolerated no
longer.” A debate in the journal over these remarks continued for
months, attracting contributions from the theologian Nicholas Lash and the historian Eamon Duffy, among others. {{1987 – Volume 68 New Blackfriars (Isuue 809, 811)}}

Later years and family

Dummett retired in 1992 and was knighted in 1999 for “services to philosophy and to racial justice”. He received the Lakatos Award in the philosophy of science in 1994.
Sir Michael Dummett died in 2011, aged 86. He was survived by his wife Ann,
whom he married in 1951 (and who died in 2012), and by three sons and
two daughters. A son and daughter predeceased their parents.[7]


  • On politics:
    • On Immigration and Refugees (London, 2001)
  • Tarot works:
    • The Game of Tarot: from Ferrara to Salt Lake City (Duckworth, 1980);
    • Twelve Tarot Games (Duckworth, 1980);
    • The Visconti-Sforza Tarot Cards (G. Braziller, 1986);
    • Il mondo e l’angelo: i tarocchi e la loro storia (Bibliopolis, 1993)
    • I tarocchi siciliani (La Zisa, 1995);
    • A Wicked Pack of Cards: The Origins of the Occult Tarot (with Ronald Decker and Thierry Depaulis, St. Martin’s Press, 1996);
    • A History of the Occult Tarot, 1870-1970 (with Ronald Decker, Duckworth, 2002);
    • A History of Games Played with the Tarot Pack (with John McLeod, E. Mellen Press, 2004).

Notable articles and exhibition catalogs include “Tarot Triumphant: Tracing the Tarot” in FMR, (Franco Maria Ricci International), January/February 1985; Pattern Sheets published by the International Playing Card Society; with Giordano Berti and Andrea Vitali, the catalogue Tarocchi: Gioco e magia alla Corte degli Estensi (Bologna, Nuova Alfa Editorale, 1987).

  • On the written word:
    • Grammar and Style (Duckworth, 1993)

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Sir Clifford Darling, Bahamian politician, Governor-General (1992–1995), died he was 89.

Sir Clifford Darling GCVO was the fourth Governor-General of the Bahamas from 1992 until his retirement on 2 January 1995  died he was 89..

(6 February 1922 – 27 December 2011) 

Prior to this, he was a Senator from 1964 to 1967, Deputy Speaker of the House of Assembly
from 1967 to 1969, Minister of: State in 1969, Labour and Welfare in
1971 and Labour and National Insurance from 1974 to 1977. He was Speaker
of the House of Assembly from 1977 until becoming Governor-General in
Darling, who was born in Acklins, originally worked as a taxi cab driver, and served as both the general secretary, and president of the Bahamas Taxi Cab Union.[1]
He died on 27 December 2011 in Princess Margaret Hospital after a long illness.[1][2][3]

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Catê, Brazilian footballer, died from a car accident he was 38.

Marco Antônio Lemos Tozzi , commonly known as Catê, was a Brazilian footballer who played for clubs of Brazil, Chile, Italy, the United States and Venezuela died from a car accident he was 38..

(7 November 1973 – 27 December 2011)


Born in Cruz Alta, Rio Grande do Sul, Catê began his football career with local side Guarany. He had a brief spell with Grêmio before finding success with São Paulo under manager Telê Santana.[1]
Catê played for Brazil at the 1993 FIFA World Youth Championship finals in Australia.[2]


Catê died in a road traffic accident in the town of Ipê, Rio Grande do Sul, when the car he was driving was involved in a collision with a truck.[3]





  • São Paulo 1992, 1993 (Copa Libertadores and Intercontinental Cup) and 1994 (Copa Conmebol)


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Frank Bourke, Australian football player, died he was 89.

Francis Michael “Frank” Bourke  was an Australian rules footballer who played for the Richmond Football Club in the Victorian Football League during the 1940s died he was 89..

(3 February 1922 – 27 December 2011)

He played one game during the 1943 season while on leave from the RAAF. After the war Bourke joined the club for the 1946 season
playing in 9 games before a knee injury. He would come back to play in
1947 for 6 games before retirement. Frank Bourke is best known for being
the start of the Tigers only three-generation family at the club being
the father of Richmond Immortal Francis Bourke and grandfather of David Bourke.[2]

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Constantine Sidamon-Eristoff, American-born Georgian aristocrat, New York City highway commissioner, died from esphogeal cancer he was 81

Constantine Sidamon-Estiroff was an American born Georgian
aristocrat and the New York City highway commisoner in the late
nineteen sixties and early nineteen seventies in the administration of John V. Lindsay , died from esphogeal cancer he was 81..

(June 28, 1930 – December 26, 2011)

Early life

Constatine was born in New York City, New York into the house of Sidamon-Eristavi, claiming descent from the medieval kings of Alania. He was the son of Prince Simon Sidamon-Eristoff, a Georgian military officer, who emigrated to the United States after the Bolsheviks invaded Georgia in 1921 and Anne Tracy, a descendant of John Bigelow, an American diplomat in the mid-19th century.

Public Official

Sidamon-Estiroff served as the New York City Highway commissioner in
the administration of Mayor John V. Lindsay. Beginning with his
appointment by Governor Malcolm Wilson of New York in 1974 until 1989 he then served as a member of the Metropolitan Transit Authority. Then from 1989 until 1993 under President George H.W Bush he served as the director of the New York Region #2 (encompassing New York, New Jersey, Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands) of the United States Environmental Protection Agency. Sidamon Eristoff died on December 26, 2011 in New York City at the age of 81. His son Andrew Eristoff is the current New Jersey State Treasurer.

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Peter Collins Dorsey, American jurist, died he was 80.

Peter Collins Dorsey was a United States federal judge died he was 80..

(March 24, 1931 – January 20, 2012)


Born in New London, Connecticut,[1] Dorsey received a B.A. from Yale University in 1953 and an LL.B. from Harvard Law School in 1959. He was a U.S. Naval Reserve from 1953 to 1956.


He was in private practice in New Haven, Connecticut from 1959 to 1974. He was a U.S. Attorney for the District of Connecticut from 1974-77. He was in private practice in New Haven, Connecticut from 1977-83. He was a federal judge on the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut.
Dorsey was nominated by President Ronald Reagan on June 7, 1983, to a seat vacated by T. Emmet Clarie. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on July 18, 1983, and received commission on July 19, 1983. He served as chief judge from 1994-1998. He assumed senior status on January 2, 1998.


He died after a long illness in 2012 in New Haven, aged 80. [2]

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James Rizzi, American pop artist, died he was 61.

James Rizzi  was an American pop artist who was born and raised in Brooklyn, New York died he was 61.. Until his death he resided and worked in a studio/loft in the SoHo section of Manhattan.

(October 5, 1950 – December 26, 2011[1])


James Rizzi studied Fine Arts at the University of Florida in Gainesville, Florida.
He came up with the idea of 3D multiples now mostly associated with his
name when, having taken classes in painting, printmaking and
sculpturing, he had to hand in grade work for all three subjects, but
only had time for doing one. So he created an etching, printed it twice,
handcolored it, and mounted parts of the one print on top of the other,
using wire as a means of adding depth. Having received good grades from
all three teachers, he stuck with the idea and developed it further.[2]
Later, he married Gaby Hamill, a fashion designer. They later
divorced. James Rizzi never had any children of his own, but has two
nieces Jennifer Fishman and Laura Rizzi and one nephew Brian Rizzi who
is also his godson. Finally a goddaughter Georgia Rae Pai Foster,
daughter of Emrie Brooke Foster.
Rizzi was most famous for his 3D artwork, “especially the large,
elaborate prints and teeming anthropomorphic cityscapes. His merry
maximalism and delight in delirious detail and elaborate minutiae
created a true art brand, a trademark style as recognizable as any in
the world.”[3]
Late in life, he returned to painting. His “latest paintings combine
his Picasso meets Hanna-Barbera drawing style with an increasingly
chromatic palette and a complex graphic structure that simultaneously
evokes cubism and the most sophisticated Amerindian friezes.”[3]

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Sam Rivers, American jazz musician and composer, died from pneumonia he was 88.

Samuel Carthorne Rivers  was an American jazz musician and composer. He performed on soprano and tenor saxophones, bass clarinet, flute, harmonica and piano  died from pneumonia he was 88..

(September 25, 1923 – December 26, 2011)

Rivers was born in Enid, Oklahoma. Active in jazz since the early 1950s, he earned wider attention during the mid-1960s spread of free jazz. With a thorough command of music theory, orchestration and composition, Rivers was an influential and prominent artist in jazz music.[2]

Early life

Rivers’s father was a gospel musician who had sung with the Fisk Jubilee Singers
and the Silverstone Quartet, exposing Rivers to music from an early
age. Rivers was stationed in California in the 1940s during a stint in
the Navy. Here he performed semi-regularly with blues singer Jimmy Witherspoon.[3] Rivers moved to Boston, Massachusetts in 1947, where he studied at the Boston Conservatory with Alan Hovhaness.[2]
He performed with Quincy Jones, Herb Pomeroy, Tadd Dameron and others.

Blue Note era

In 1959 Rivers began performing with 13-year-old drummer Tony Williams, who later went on to have an impressive career. Rivers was briefly a member of Miles Davis‘s quintet in 1964, partly at Williams’s recommendation. This quintet recorded a single album, Miles in Tokyo.
However, Rivers’ playing style was too unrefined to be compatible with
Davis’s music at this point, and he was soon replaced by Wayne Shorter. Rivers was signed by Blue Note Records,
for whom he recorded four albums as leader and made several sideman
appearances. Among noted sidemen on his own Blue Note albums were Jaki Byard, who appears on Fuchsia Swing Song, Herbie Hancock and Freddie Hubbard. He appeared on Blue Note recordings by Tony Williams, Andrew Hill and Larry Young.
Rivers derived his music from bebop, but he was an adventurous player, adept at free jazz. The first of his Blue Note albums, Fuchsia Swing Song
(1964), adopts an approach sometimes called “inside-outside”. Here the
performer frequently obliterates the explicit harmonic framework (“going
outside”) but retains a hidden link so as to be able to return to it in
a seamless fashion. Rivers brought the conceptual tools of bebop
harmony to a new level in this process, united at all times with the
ability to “tell a story” which Lester Young had laid down as a benchmark for the jazz improviser.
His powers as a composer were also in evidence in this period: the ballad “Beatrice” from Fuchsia Swing Song has become an important standard, particularly for tenor saxophonists. For instance, it is the first cut on Joe Henderson‘s 1985 The State of the Tenor, Vols. 1 & 2, and Stan Getz recorded it during the 1989 sessions eventually issued as Bossas & Ballads – The Lost Sessions.

Loft era

During the 1970s, Rivers and his wife, Bea, ran a jazz loft called “Studio Rivbea” in New York City‘s NoHo district. It was located on Bond Street in Lower Manhattan and was originally opened as a public performance space as part of the first New York Musicians Festival in 1970.[4]
Critic John Litweiler has written that “In New York Loft Jazz meant
Free Jazz in the Seventies” and Studio Rivbea was “the most famous of
the lofts”.[5]
The loft was important in the development of jazz because it was an
example of artists creating their own performance spaces and taking
responsibility for presenting music to the public. This allowed for
music to be free of extra-musical concerns that would be present in a
nightclub or concert hall situation. A series of recordings made at the
loft were issued under the title Wildflowers on the Douglas label.[6]
During this era Rivers continued to record, including several albums for Impulse!: Streams, recorded live at Montreux, Hues (both records contain different trio performances later collated on CD as Trio Live), the quartet album Sizzle and his first big-band disc, Crystals; perhaps his best-known work from this period though is his appearance on Dave Holland‘s Conference of the Birds, in the company of Anthony Braxton and Barry Altschul.

Later career

In the early 1990s Sam and wife Beatrice moved to Florida, in part to
expand his orchestra compositions with a reading band in Orlando. This
band became the longest-running incarnation of the RivBea Orchestra. He
performed regularly with his Orchestra and Trio with bassist Doug
Mathews and drummer Anthony Cole (later replaced by Rion Smith.)[3] From 1996 to 1998 he toured and recorded three projects for Nato Records in France with pianist Tony Hymas and others. In 1998, with the assistance of Steve Coleman, he recorded two Grammy-nominated big-band albums for RCA Victor with the RivBea All-Star Orchestra, Culmination and Inspiration (the title-track is an elaborate reworking of Dizzy Gillespie‘s “Tanga”: Rivers was in Gillespie’s band near the end of the trumpeter’s life). Other recent albums of note include Portrait, a solo recording for FMP, and Vista, a trio with drummers Adam Rudolph and Harris Eisenstadt for Meta. During the late 1990s he appeared on several albums on Postcards Records.
In 2006, he released Aurora, a third CD featuring compositions
for his Rivbea Orchestra and the first CD featuring members of his
working orchestra in Orlando.
Rivers died from pneumonia on December 26, 2011 at the age of 88 in Orlando, Florida.[7][8]


Jemeel Moondoc and Rashid Bakr at Studio Rivbea July, 1976

Lake Eola, Orlando Fl in 2008


As leader

As co-leader


  • The Complete Blue Note Sam Rivers Sessions (Mosaic, 1996)

As sideman

With Barry Altschul

  • You Can’t Name Your Own Tune (Muse, 1977)

With Steven Bernstein

  • Diaspora Blues (Tzadik, 2002)

With Miles Davis

With Bruce Ditmas

With Brian Groder

  • Torque (2007)

With Andrew Hill

With the Dave Holland Quartet

With Bobby Hutcherson

With Jason Moran

  • Black Stars (Blue Note, 2001)

With the Stephen McCraven Quartet

  • Intertwining Spirits (Free Lance, 1982)

With Music Revelation Ensemble (James Blood Ulmer)

  • In the Name of… (DIW, 1993)


With Don Pullen

With Roots (Arthur Blythe, Chico Freeman, Nathan Davis, a.o.)

  • Salutes the Saxophone – Tributes to John Coltrane, Dexter Gordon, Sonny Rollins and Lester Young (In & Out, 1992)
  • Stablemates (In & Out, 1993)

With Kazuko Shiraishi

  • Dedicated to the Late John Coltrane and Other Jazz Poems (Musicworks, 1977)

With Cecil Taylor

With Tony Williams

With Larry Young

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Emmanuel Cooper, British potter and writer, died he was 73.

Emmanuel Cooper OBE is a British studio potter and writer on arts and crafts  died he was 73..

(1938 – 21 January 2012[1]

Cooper studied at the University for the Creative Arts.[2] He also achieved a PhD degree at Middlesex University.
He is a member of the Crafts Council and is the editor of Ceramic Review. Since 1999, he has been visiting Professor of Ceramics and Glass at the Royal College of Art. He is the author of many books on ceramics including his definitive biography of Bernard Leach that was published in 2003 (Yale University Press)[citation needed] and is also the editor of The Ceramics Book, published in 2006.[citation needed]
As a potter, Emmanuel’s work falls into one of two general forms. In
the first his vessels are heavily glazed in a volcanic form. The
vessels, as a result of this heavy glazing, derive a lot of their appeal
from their varied and uneven textures. In their most simple form they
are very reminiscent of work by Lucie Rie.
In their more extravagant forms though the vessels can be banded or use
incredibly vivid colors to great effect including pink, vibrant yellow
and deep reds and blues. His other form of work is much simpler in style
using plain glazes, often in egg yolk yellow, occasionally spotted with
gold flecks.
Emmanuel’s work can be found in the Victoria & Albert Museum and the Royal Scottish Museum,[2] as well as in many private collections. He has been awarded an OBE for services to art. Emmanuel Cooper died peacefully on 21 January 2012.

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Barbara Lea, American jazz singer and actress, died from Alzheimer’s disease she was 82.

Barbara Lea  was an American actress and singer  died from Alzheimer’s disease she was 82..

(April 10, 1929 – December 26, 2011)


Barbara Ann LeCocq was born into a musical family; her musical
heritage is traceable to a great uncle, Alexandre Charles LeCocq — an
important nineteenth-century composer of French light opera. Barbara’s
father changed their surname to Leacock; she shortened it to Lea when
she begin working professionally. Barbara grew up in a Detroit suburb
and attended the girls-only Kingswood School (which merged in 1984 with
the Cranbrook School to become the Cranbrook Kingswood School).
Boston was a hotbed of jazz in the late 40s and early 50s, allowing Lea to sing with major instrumentalists including as Marian McPartland, Bobby Hackett, Vic Dickenson, Frankie Newton, Johnny Windhurst, and George Wein. She worked with small dance bands there before attending Wellesley College
on scholarship and majoring in music theory. She also sang in the
college choir, worked on the campus radio station and newspaper, and
arranged for and conducted the Madrigal Group and brass choir concerts.
Her professional career started upon graduation. Her early recordings
for Riverside and Prestige met with immediate critical acclaim and led
to her winning the DownBeat International Critics’ Poll as the Best New
Singer of 1956.[1] She appeared in small clubs in New York, including the renowned Village Vanguard, and throughout the eastern U.S. and Canada, as well as on radio and TV.
She studied acting to improve her stage presence and, with the
near-demise of classic pop in the early 60s, turned to the legitimate
theatre, performing an impressive list of leading and feature roles in
everything from Shakespeare to Sondheim. She moved to the West Coast and
received her M.A. in drama at Cal. State-Northridge, then returned to New York and taught speech at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts and acting at Hofstra University.
In the 1970s, with the resurgence of interest in show tunes and
popular standards, Lea was literally sought out to appear in the Peabody Award-winning National Public Radio series “American Popular Song with Alec Wilder and Friends“.
She appeared in two shows—one featuring the songs of Willard Robison
(10/03/1976) and one featuring songs performed and recorded by Lee Wiley
(11/14/1976).[2] This led to two lengthy feature articles in The New Yorker magazine, where Whitney Balliett
declared “Barbara Lea has no superior among popular singers” (The New
Yorker, May 20, 1985, p. 88), and a renewed singing career.
Lea starred in the JVC, Kool, and Newport Jazz Festivals several times, but her increasing devotion to the songs as written led to concerts of the works of Rodgers and Hart, Arthur Schwartz, Cy Coleman, Cole Porter, Hoagy Carmichael, and the Gershwins, as well as cabaret appearances devoted to Kurt Weill, Jerome Kern, Johnny Mercer, and Yip Harburg.[3]
At the time of her death, more than a dozen of her CDs were available on the Audiophile
label, which has a reputation for featuring the best in singers of
classic pop, plus reissues of two early LPs on Fantasy/Original Jazz
Classics, three recent releases on the European-based label, Challenge,
as well as three recent releases on her private label.[4][5]
She died in 2011 from complications of Alzheimer’s disease.[6][7][8][9]

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Kiyonori Kikutake, Japanese architect, died he was 83.

Kiyonori Kikutake  was a prominent Japanese architect known as one of the founders of the Japanese Metabolist group  died he was 83..[1] He was also the tutor and employer of several important Japanese architects, such as Toyo Ito and Itsuko Hasegawa.

(菊竹 清訓 Kikutake Kiyonori?) (April 1, 1928 – December 26, 2011)


Kikutake was born in 1928 in Kurume, Japan and graduated from Waseda University in 1950.[2]


Kikutake is best known for his “Marine City” project of 1958, which
formed part of the Metabolist Manifesto launched at the World Design
Conference in Tokyo in 1960 under the leadership of Kenzo Tange. He, along with fellow member Kisho Kurokawa
was invited to exhibit work at the “Visionary Architecture” exhibition
in New York of 1961, through which the Metabolists gained international
recognition. Kikutake continued his practice until his death in 2011,
producing several key public buildings throughout Japan, as well as
lecturing internationally. He was also the President and then Honorary
President of the Japan Institute of Architects.


Kikutake was the recipient of numerous awards both in his native
Japan and internationally. These include the Japan Academy of
Architecture Prize (1970) and the UIA (Union Internationale des Architectes) Auguste Perret Prize (1978).

List of works

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olomon Islander politician, Deputy Prime Minister (2006) and MP for Central Kwara’ae (1997–2010), died he was 49.

Fred Iro Fono  was a Solomon Islands
politician, serving as the country’s Deputy Prime Minister and Minister
for Rural Development and Indigenous Affairs from December 2007 to
August 2010 died he was 49..[1] He was a member of the People’s Alliance Party[2] and represented Central Kwara’ae Constituency in the National Parliament for thirteen years from 1997 to 2010, when he was defeated for re-election by MP Jackson Fiulaua.[3][4]


(10 October 1962 – 26 December 2011)

Fono served as Chief Commercial Officer of the Corporate Division of
the Ministry of Commerce & Primary Industries and as Provincial
Secretary for Malaita Province
before being elected to the National Parliament for the first time in
the August 1997 parliamentary election. He then served as Minister for
Development and Planning from 29 September 1997 to 5 June 2000.[1]
He was a candidate for the position of Deputy Speaker of the National
Parliament later that year, but withdrew his candidacy on 1 December
2000, leaving Jackson Sunaone to win the post without opposition.[5]
He was re-elected to his seat in the December 2001 parliamentary
election and subsequently served as Deputy Speaker of the National
Parliament from 20 December 2001 to 3 January 2005. He was then Minister
for National Planning and Aid Coordination from 4 February 2005 to 4
April 2006. Re-elected to his seat in April 2006, he served as Deputy
Prime Minister and Minister for National Planning and Aid Coordination
in the short-lived government of Snyder Rini from 21 April 2006 to 4 May 2006.[1] Fono was the government’s candidate to replace Rini as Prime Minister,[6] but he was defeated by Manasseh Sogavare in the parliamentary vote on 4 May, receiving 22 votes against 28 for Sogavare.[7] He was then elected as Leader of the Opposition on 5 May, receiving unanimous support from the members of the opposition.[8]
Criticizing Sogavare’s worsening of relations with Australia through his refusal to extradite Attorney-General Julian Moti,
Fono introduced a motion of no-confidence against Sogavare that was
defeated on 11 October 2006; the motion was supported by 17 members of
parliament, while 28 voted against it.[9]
After Sogavare was defeated in another no-confidence vote in December
2007, Fono became Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Rural
Development and Indigenous Affairs under Prime Minister Derek Sikua on 21 December 2007.[10]
In December 2011, Prime Minister Gordon Darcy Lilo mentioned Fono as a possible High Commissioner to Papua New Guinea, but he never took up the post.[3]
Fred Fono died at National Referral Hospital (NRH) in Honiara at approximately 11 p.m. on December 26, 2011, at the age of 49.[3] It is believed that Fono contracted a brief illness after returning from a trip to Auki, Malaita Province, on December 23rd.[3] Fono was survived by his wife, Abby, his two daughters, Joy and Rachel, and his son Fred Junior.[3][4]

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Sean Collins, American surfer and surf forecaster (Surfline), died from a heart attack he was 59.

Sean Robb Collins was the founder of Surfline and a noted figure in the areas of surfing and surf forecasting died from a heart attack he was 59..[1]


Collins was born in Pasadena, California in 1952.[2][3][4] His father, Whitney Collins, was a former Navy lieutenant who enjoyed sailboat racing and owned a 45-foot Newporter ketch,
“Leprechaun”, berthed in the Long Beach marina and biking distance from
Collins’ Long Beach home. Collins’ early experiences sailing with his
father instilled a passion for the ocean and meteorology.[5][3]
Much of his knowledge of meteorology was self-taught. While Long Beach
has almost no surf because of its breakwater, Collins was part of a
vibrant surf culture at Woodrow Wilson high school (class of 1970),
where surf film director Bruce Brown graduated earlier, and world-class
woman surfer, Jericho Poppler, was a classmate.
In the early years of Collins’ surf forecasting he would record
weather reports and forecasts from the Southern Hemisphere, which he
received via shortwave radio.[2] He also studied charts and data from the National Weather Service
library. By comparing these various data sources with his observations
of the surf, he devised formulas for predicting how global weather
events would affect near-shore surf conditions; these models were
eventually combined into a set of swell-modeling algorithms nicknamed
In the 1970s, Collins spent extensive time traveling and surfing in
Mexico. He converted marine weather forecasting equipment for use in an
automobile so that he would have advance knowledge of where swells and
offshore weather patterns were developing, and in turn used that
information to find the best locations for surfing.[5]
In 1985, Collins founded a surf report service called Surfline.
The company started as a call-in service, which provided verbal
condition reports for various surf breaks around Southern California.[6] In 1995, Surfline moved online, offering live video streams of surf breaks in addition to written surf reports.[7]
Surfline eventually expanded to offer editorial coverage of surfing,
and is now one of the most prominent websites related to the sport.[8] Tyler Collins assumed Collins position on the Surfline Board of Directors in 2012.[9]


In 1999, Collins was named one of the “25 Most Influential Surfers of the Century” by Surfer magazine.[2] In 2006, he was named “one of the 100 most powerful people in Southern California” by The Los Angeles Times West Magazine, for his influence on the region’s surfers.[10]
In 2008, in honor of his contributions to surf forecasting, Collins was inducted into the Surfers’ Hall of Fame in Huntington Beach, California.[11] [12]
In 2012, Collins was inducted into the Surfer’s Walk of Fame and received the Surf Culture Award in Huntington Beach, California. [13]
In August 2012, Sean Collins was honored with a Lifetime Achievement Award at the SIMA Waterman’s Ball in Laguna Niguel, California. [14]


He died on December 26, 2011 in Newport Beach, California, aged 59, from a heart attack.[15][16] His death was memorialized by a paddle out
by about 200 surfers in what was described as the “biggest memorial
tribute ever held for a surfer in Huntington Beach”, with about 2,000
people in attendance.[17]

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Joe Bodolai, American comedy writer (Saturday Night Live) and producer, died from suicide by poisoning he was 63.

Joe Bodolai was an American film and television producer and writer  died from suicide by poisoning he was 63..[2]

(May 11, 1948 – December 26, 2011) 

Born and raised in the United States, Bodolai was opposed to the Vietnam War and moved to Canada in order to avoid being drafted.[3] He moved back to the United States in 1981 to write for twenty episodes of Saturday Night Live before returning to Canada.
He is best known for producing such television shows as It’s Only Rock & Roll, Comics!, and The Kids in the Hall and helping to launch the careers of the young talent featured on those shows. He also co-wrote the first draft of the film Wayne’s World with Mike Myers.
Bodolai was a founder of The Comedy Network, helping the new channel secure its licence from the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission
in 1996, and expected to be named the new channel’s head by its owners.
He was disappointed when he was not hired and decided to return
permanently to the United States.[4]
Bodolai was found dead on December 26, 2011 in a Hollywood hotel room of an apparent suicide; he was 63.[5][6][7] No suicide note was found, though on December 23 a long post was added to his blog,[8] entitled “If this were your last day alive what would you do?”[9]

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Sarekoppa Bangarappa, Indian politician, Chief Minister of Karnataka (1990–1992), died he was 79.

Sarekoppa Bangarappa  was an Indian politician who was the Chief Minister of Karnataka from 1990 to 1992  died he was 79..

(26 October 1932 – 26 December 2011)

He served as a Member of the Legislative Assembly for Karnataka
between 1967 and 1996, before contesting a series of six elections for
the Lok Sabha from 1996 to 2009, of which he lost two. He founded both the Karnataka Vikas Party and the Karnataka Congress Party during a 44 year career in which his supporters called him Solillada Saradara (a leader who cannot be defeated). As well as these two parties, Bangarappa was at various times a member of the Indian National Congress, the Bharatiya Janata Party, the Samajwadi Party and Janata Dal (Secular), and his critics described him as a party-hopper because of this.[1]

Early life

Bangarappa was born on 26 October 1932 in Kubatur village,Soraba Taluk, Shimoga district, Karnataka. He married Shakuntala in 1958[2] and the couple had five children, including the actor Kumar Bangarappa and film maker Madhu Bangarappa, both of whom have also been politicians.[3] He belonged to Namadhari-Idiga community.[4]
He obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree, a similar degree in Law and a Diploma in Social Science.[2]

Political career

Bangarappa began his career in politics as a socialist.[3] He was elected to the Karnataka Legislative Assembly in 1967 from the Soraba constituency of Shimoga district. He became known as a champion of the backward classes,[5] of which his Deevaru origins made him a member.[6] Subsequently, he joined the Indian National Congress (INC) and became a minister in the government of Devaraj Urs,[1]
with his first appointment being as Minister of State in the Home
department in 1977. This post was followed by that of Cabinet Minister
for the Public Works Department in 1978 and then Revenue and Agriculture
Minister between 1980 and 1981. In 1979, he served for a year as
President of the Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee.[5][7]
In 1983, he left the INC and became involved with the Karnataka Kranti Ranga
(Karnataka Revolutionary Front, also known as the Kannada Kranti Ranga)
that had been established a few years earlier by the now-deceased Urs. A
brief alliance between the KKR and the Janata Party (JP) resulted in the 1983 election of the first non-INC government in the state.[8][9] Although there had been speculation that he would be appointed Chief Minister in that government, this post went instead to Ramakrishna Hegde of the JP. Bangarappa gradually realigned himself with the INC after spending some time supporting the government of Hegde.[8]
Bangarappa was appointed as the Leader of Opposition in the Karnataka
Legislative Assembly in 1985 and held that post until 1987.[2] Following the Congress victory in 1989, he became Agriculture Minister in the Veerendra Patil cabinet. He was appointed as Chief Minister of the state in 1990 after Patil was removed on the orders of Rajiv Gandhi, allegedly on health grounds. Subsequently, in 1992, Bangarappa was replaced as Chief Minister by Veerappa Moily.[5]
During his tenure, he promoted three popular programmes: Aradhana,
Ashraya and Vishwa. Ashraya was a programme to build houses for the poor
people. Aradhana was a programme to revive and rebuild 36,000 religious
shrines belonging to all communities and Vishwa a programme to give
direct financial help for rural artisans and tiny and cottage
His term had been marred by several allegations of his involvement in
scandals, such as that involving Classik Computers, although he was
cleared of any impropriety in that case. His removal followed his
government’s failure in handling the Cauvery riots.[5][8][11]
Bangarappa left the INC after his removal and formed the Karnataka Congress Party
(KCP). His election successes after leaving the chief ministership
demonstrated the extent of his personal support with the electorate,
which seemed not to be reliant upon the political party to which he
belonged, although his popularity declined over time. He came to be seen
as a “turncoat politician” who lacked ideology and principle and who
moved from one party to another according to whichever he considered to
be the most likely to gain power at the time.[5]
Having won the Soraba assembly seat on seven occasions, Bangarappa
left it and the Karnataka Legislative Assembly in 1996. In the same
year, he contested the Shimoga constituency, a mostly agricultural area in which the Idiga caste dominated, and was elected a member of the Lok Sabha as a KCP candidate.[11][12]
He then, went on to form the Karnataka Vikas Party (KVP) and lost in
1998 as a representative of the KVP. However, he was re-elected in 1999
as an INC candidate.[13][14] In 2004, he joined the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)[15] and was re-elected to the Lok Sabha as a BJP candidate with a large majority.[16] In 2005 he resigned from the BJP and joined the Samajwadi Party,[17] sparking a by-election to the Lok Sabha that he won.[18][19] In 2008, he contested against the BJP Chief Ministerial candidate, Yeddyurappa, in the Shikaripura assembly seat[20] and lost heavily.[21] In the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, he lost to Yeddyurappa’s son, B. Y. Raghavendra, of the BJP.[22] In that last election, Bangarappa had represented the INC.[23] Later, in December 2010 and with his political career in decline, Bangarappa joined the Janata Dal (Secular).[24]


Bangarappa sufered from diabetes and died on 26 December 2011 in hospital at Bangalore due to multiple causes.[25] His funeral was attended by a large number of supporters and was held with state honours at his native village.[26]
Police had to intervene during the funeral ceremonies due to disputes
between factions, much of which appeared to revolve around family
differences involving Kumar and Madhu Bangarappa.[27]
Comments made by Bangarappa at the time of the 2004 assembly elections
caused problems for his son, Kumar, who was at that time a minister in
the INC government of S. M. Krishna.
Kumar represented his father’s old constituency, Soraba, and
differences of opinion between the two men had already surfaced, which
Bangarappa appeared to delight in publicising but Kumar attempted to
play down. Kumar reacted to his father’s decision to join the BJP in
order to contest the Lok Sabha elections by himself resigning from the
INC and his ministerial role. Kumar then discovered that his politically
inexperienced younger brother, Madhu Bangarappa,
had been selected by the BJP to fight the constituency, apparently at
the instigation of his father. Kumar returned to the INC and agreed to
stand for election against his brother, determined to make a point to
his father and to support Krishna’s desire to see Bangarappa humilitated
on what was his “home turf”. Bangarappa campaigned for Madhu and
attempted to mobilise his own support to that end. However, although
Bangarappa himself won handsomely from the Shimoga Lok Sabha seat, he
was unable to secure the victory of Madhu in Soraba.[6]

Positions held

  • 1967-96 Member, Karnataka Legislative Assembly (7 terms)
  • 1977-78 Minister of State, Home, Government of Karnataka
  • 1978-79 Cabinet Minister, P.W.D., Government of Karnataka
  • 1979-80 President, Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee [K.P.C.C. (I)]
  • 1980-81 Minister, Revenue and Agriculture, Government of Karnataka
  • 1985-87 Leader of Opposition, Karnataka Legislative Assembly
  • 1989-90 Minister, Agriculture and Horticulture, Government of Karnataka
  • 1990-92 Chief Minister, Karnataka
  • 1996 Elected to 11th Lok Sabha as a KCP candidate
  • 1999 Re-elected to 13th Lok Sabha (2nd term) as an INC candidate
  • 2004 Re-elected to 14th Lok Sabha( 3rd term) as a BJP candidate
  • 2005 Re-elected to Lok Sabha in a by-election from Samajwadi party .
  • 2008 Lost in State Assembly elections
  • 2009 Lost in 2009 General Elections of Lok Sabha
  • December 2010 Joined the JD (S)
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Pedro Armendáriz, Jr., Mexican actor (Zorro series), died from cancer he was 71.

Pedro Armendáriz Pardo, better known as his stage name Pedro Armendáriz, Jr., was a Mexican actor who made films and television series from United States and Mexico died from cancer he was 71.

(April 6, 1940 – December 26, 2011)

Early life

Pedro Armendáriz Pardo was born in Mexico City, to the late Mexican-American actor Pedro Armendáriz and Carmela (née Pardo) Armendariz.[1]


Armendáriz was appeared from the James Bond film, Licence to Kill as president Hector Lopez. He likes his favorite movie who is appearing all of his films: Amistad (1997), The Mask of Zorro (1998), The Mexican (2001), Original Sin (2001), In the Time of the Butterfiles (2001), Once Upon a Time in Mexico (2003), And Starring Pancho Villa as Himself (2003), The Legend of Zorro (2005), and Freelancers (2012).

Personal life

He had been married to actress Ofelia Medina.


In November 2011, Pedro Armendáriz was diagnosed with lung cancer. On
December 26, 2011, Armendáriz Jr. died of cancer at age 71 in New York City in a Memorial Hospital. He was buried in Panteón Jardín, Mexico City, Mexico.[2]



TV series

Pedro Armendáriz Jr in March 2011

Armendáriz in Guadalajara March 2010


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Houston Antwine, American football player (Boston/New England Patriots, Philadelphia Eagles), AFL All-Star (1963–1968), died from heart failure he was 72

Houston J. Antwine  was a college and professional American football player from Southern Illinois University died from heart failure he was 72.. He was drafted by the American Football League‘s Houston Oilers, then traded to the Boston Patriots in 1961.
He is in the Southern Illinois University Athletic Hall of Fame. A
former NAIA wrestling champion, as a defensive tackle, the stocky
“Twine” was nearly impossible to move out of the middle.

(April 11, 1939 – December 26, 2011)

Antwine was cited by fellow Hall of Famer Billy Shaw
as one of the American Football League’s best pass rushers, athletic
and very quick on his feet. He usually drew double-team blocking. He was
an American Football League All-Star six straight years, from 1963 through 1968, was named to the All-Time All-AFL Team, and to the Patriots All-1960s (AFL) Team.
Houston recorded 39 sacks, recovered 4 fumbles and had 1 interception
in 142 regular season games for the Patriots. He returned an
interception 2 yards on 12-12-65. Houston led the team in sacks in 1967,
1968 & 1969.
He was the AFL Defensive Player of the Week as he sacked Dan Darragh
three times in the Patriots 16-7 win over the Buffalo Bills @ War
Memorial Stadium on 09-08-68.
Antwine was awarded the game ball for his performance in the Patriots
26-10 win over the New York Jets @ Boston College Alumni Stadium on
09-27-64. He had a career high 10 tackles in the Patriots 33-14 win over
the Cincinnati Bengals @ Fenway Park on 12-01-68.
He had four games with at least 2 sacks and recorded sacks of George
Blanda Joe Namath, Len Dawson, Bob Griese, Fran Tarkenton & Johnny
Unitas. He recovered fumbles by Paul Lowe, Darrell Lester, Bert Coan
& Dennis Shaw.
Houston was an AFL All Star Defensive Tackle in 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967 & 1968.

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Simms Taback, American author, graphic artist and illustrator, died he was 79.

Simms Taback was an American writer, graphic artist, and illustrator of more than 35 books  died he was 79.. He won the 2000 Caldecott Medal for U.S. picture book illustration, recognizing Joseph Had a Little Overcoat, and was a runner-up in 1998 for There Was an Old Lady Who Swallowed a Fly.[1]

(February 13, 1932 – December 25, 2011) 

Taback graduated from the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Art and served in the United States Army. He was a designer for CBS Records and The New York Times. He was the founder and president of the Illustrators Guild (later the New York Graphic Artists Guild) and taught art at the School of Visual Arts and Syracuse University.
Taback designed the first McDonalds Happy Meal box in 1977. He died in 2011 of pancreatic cancer.[2][3]

Selected works

  • Jabberwocky and other nonsense (Harlin Quist, 1964), three poems by Lewis Carroll, 1871 to 1889[4]
  • Too Much Noise (1967), by Ann McGovern
  • Joseph Had a Little Overcoat (Random House, 1977), movable book based on a Yiddish folk song[5]
  • Jason’s Bus Ride (1987), by Harriet Ziefert
  • Road Builders (1994), by B. G. Hennessy
  • Sam’s Wild West Show (1995), by Nancy Antle
  • Two Little Witches : a Halloween counting story (1996), by Harriet Ziefert
  • There Was an Old Lady Who Swallowed a Fly (1998), illustrating the American folk poem[6]
  • Joseph Had a Little Overcoat (Viking, 1999)[7] —the Caldecott Medal-winning edition
  • This is the House that Jack Built (2002), based on the nursery rhyme
  • Kibitzers and Fools: tales my zayda (grandfather) told me (2005), traditional Jewish tales[6]
  • I Miss You Every Day (2007)

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Jim Sherwood, American musician (The Mothers of Invention), died he was 69.

Jim “Motorhead” Sherwood was an American rock musician notable for playing soprano, tenor and baritone saxophone, tambourine, vocals and vocal sound effects in Frank Zappa‘s Mothers of Invention died he was 69.. He appeared on all the albums of the original Mothers line-up and the ‘posthumous’ releases Burnt Weeny Sandwich and Weasels Ripped My Flesh, as well as certain subsequent Zappa albums. He also appeared in the films 200 Motels, Video from Hell and Uncle Meat.

(May 8, 1942 – December 25, 2011)


Sherwood was born in Arkansas City, Kansas.
He and Zappa met in high school in 1956. Sherwood was in a class with
Zappa’s brother Bobby, who introduced the two after learning that
Sherwood was a collector of blues records.[1] Sherwood sat in with Zappa’s first band, R&B group The Black-Outs,[2] at various performances, where he was often a highlight.
Sherwood and Zappa subsequently played together in Ontario, in rock’n’roll/R&B
group The Omens. Sherwood also played with the Blackouts in 1957-1962
and The Village Inn Band in 1965. Sherwood graduated from Berklee
College of Music in Boston.[citation needed] After Zappa’s first marriage began to break up in 1964, he bought local producer Paul Buff’s Pal Recording Studio, renaming it “Studio Z”, and he and Sherwood lived in the studio for a time.[1][3]
Sherwood first joined The Mothers of Invention as a roadie and
equipment manager, also contributing sound effects (using both his voice
and saxophone) to their first album, 1966′s Freak Out! He became a full member around the time of the group’s experimental residence at the Garrick Theater in 1967, of which future bandmate Ruth Underwood,
then an audience member, recalls that “there were some nights that you
just heard pure music, and other nights, Motorhead’d be talking about
fixing his car, with Jim Black‘s drum beat in the background”.[4]
Zappa disbanded the original Mothers line-up in 1969. Sherwood was
one of several members that would play for him again in subsequent
years, appearing on 1981′s You Are What You Is, the Läther box set, and the last album Zappa completed before his death, Civilization Phaze III. In 1971 Sherwood appeared the movie in 200 Motels as Larry Fanoga. In 1973, Sherwood played on For Real!, the first album of Los Angeles doo-wop group Ruben and the Jets, who Zappa had granted permission to use the name of his fictional group, also producing the record and contributing arrangements and the song “If I Could Only Be Your Love Again”. Allmusic‘s Bruce Eder notes the record’s “beautifully crafted breaks on sax”[5]
by Sherwood and Robert “Buffalo” Roberts. Ruben and the Jets toured in
support of Zappa on the West Coast in 1972 and produced one other album,
but split after lead singer Rubén Guevara was offered a solo recording
contract in the mid-1970s. There were also financial difficulties,
Sherwood noting that the group played “too many benefits and not enough
paying gigs”.[5][not in citation given]
The nickname “Motorhead” was coined by fellow Mothers member Ray Collins,
who observed that Sherwood always seemed to be working on repairing
cars, trucks or motorcycles, and joked that “it sounds like you’ve got a
little motor in your head”.[1] Sherwood was also occasionally credited as his alter ego “Larry Fanoga”[6] or as “Fred Fanoga”.[citation needed]
In later years, Sherwood contributed to various projects alongside
his fellow Mothers alumni, including records by The Grandmothers,
Mothers keyboardist Don Preston, Ant-Bee and Sandro Oliva.
In December 2011, Sherwood got very ill and died on the 25th of the same month.[7][8]


With the Mothers of Invention

With Frank Zappa

With Ruben and the Jets

With The Grandmothers

  • Grandmothers (Line, 1981)
  • Lookin’ Up Granny’s Dress (Rhino, 1982)
  • A Mother of an Anthology (One Way, 1993)

With Ant-Bee

  • Snorks & Wheezes (K7, 1993)
  • The @x!#*% of…. (K7, 1993)
  • With My Favorite “Vegetables” and Other Bizarre Music (Divine, 1994)
  • Lunar Musik (Divine Records, 1995)

With Don Preston

  • Vile Foamy Ectoplasm (Muffin, 1993)

With Sandro Oliva

  • Who the Fuck Is Sandro Oliva?!? (Muffin, 1995)


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Sir Roger Jowell, British social statistician, died he was 69.

Professor Sir Roger Mark Jowell, CBE  was a British social statistician and academic died he was 69.. He founded Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR, now the National Centre for Social Research)
and the Centre for Comparative Studies at City University. He played a
leading role in the establishment of several of the UK’s leading social
surveys, most famously the British Social Attitudes and the British Election Study. He made a major contribution to the development of robust comparative research through the International Social Survey Programme and the European Social Survey.

(26 March 1942 – 25 December 2011)

Early life

Roger Mark Jowell was born on 26 March 1942 in South Africa, the
second son of Emily Katzenellenbogen and Jack Jowell. In his youth, he
was active in left-wing politics becoming President of Cape Town’s
Student Representative Council and Vice President of the National Union
of South African Students.

“As soon as I graduated from the University of Cape Town
in 1964, I came to Britain – initially just to gain a broader
perspective on my life. It wasn’t that I had to leave, although as
President of the Students’ Union I’d been heavily involved in student
politics and anti-apartheid activities. At that time students were more
or less immune from prosecution. But then things changed, and a few
months after I arrived in Britain I got word that many of my close
friends had been arrested. I realised then that I couldn’t go back – it
wouldn’t have been safe. Once I got my British passport, I was able to
go back fairly regularly.” [2]

Research career

In Britain, Jowell was active in anti-apartheid activities and in the Labour Party, becoming Alderman in Camden. He began his research career at Research Services Limited (RSL), mentored by Mark Abrams.
In 1969, with Gerald Hoinville he founded the London-based Social &
Community Planning Research (SCPR), which became the National Centre
for Social Research [3], He led the organisation for over 30 years.[1]
At SCPR, Jowell established the long-running survey series British Social Attitudes and was closely involved as author and editor in its first nineteen annual reports. He co-directed the British Election Study from 1983 to 2000 and was the founding chair of the International Social Survey Programme from 1984 to 1989. His interest in high quality comparative research grew and in 2002, he established the European Social Survey alongside a group of leading international experts.

Academic life

In 2003, Jowell became Research Professor and Founder Director of the Centre for Comparative Social Surveys at City University, London
from where he continued to lead the Central Coordinating Team of the
European Social Survey until his death. The success of this ambitious 34
nation comparative study was recognised in 2005 when it was awarded the
Descartes Prize
for excellence in collaborative scientific research, the first time a
social science venture has won Europe’s top annual science award. Jowell
lectured and published widely.

Social science community

He made significant contributions to the social science community. In 1978 he initiated the establishment of the Social Research Association. In the 1980s he played a key role in developing a professional code of ethics through the International Statistical Institute, insisting that it should be an educative rather than a prescriptive code. In 2008 he became Deputy Chair of the board of the The UK Statistics Authority advising on the promotion and safeguarding of the publication of official statistics.[2]


Jowell was awarded the CBE in 2001 and was knighted in the 2008 New Year Honours for services to social science. He was recently the Vice President of the Royal Statistical Society and was awarded the Market Research Society Gold Medal.

Personal life

In 1970 he married psychiatric social worker and fellow Camden London Borough Councillor, Tessa Palmer (now Tessa Jowell) in Hampstead, London. She went on to become a minister in Tony Blair and Gordon Brown‘s cabinet. They divorced in 1977.
In 1979, he married Nighat Gilani in Camden. They have two sons and divorced in 1995.
In 1996 he married Sharon Witherspoon, now Deputy Director of the Nuffield Foundation, in the Forest of Dean in Gloucestershire.

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Khalil Ibrahim, Sudanese Darfuri rebel leader, died he was 54.

Dr. Khalil Ibrahim  was the leader of the Zaghawa-dominated Darfurian rebel group, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) died he was 54.. [1]

(1957 – 25 December 2011)

Personal life

Ibrahim was born in Sudan in 1957.[2] Ibrahim was from the Koba branch of the Zaghawa ethnic group,[2] which is () located mainly in Sudan, with a minority on the Chad side of the border. He was an enthusiastic supporter of the National Islamic Front (NIF) seizure of power under the direction of Islamist Hassan al-Turabi in 1989. He also served as the state minister for education in Darfur between 1991 and 1994 in al-Fashir, North Darfur. A physician, Dr. Khalil spent four months in 1992 to fight Sudan People’s Armed Forces.
By Ibrahim’s own account, he was disaffected with the Islamist movement
by 2000 after seeing the economic neglect of the NIF, as well as its
support to armed militias. At this time, he became part of a covert cell
of Islamists who were seeking to change the NiF from inside. Dr.
Ibrahim went on to serve as the state minister for social affairs in Blue Nile in 1997 before a post as advisor to the governor of Southern Sudan in Juba
in 1998. However, others noted that he never received a national level
appointment. Ibrahim’s colleague in JEM, Ahmad Tugod, stated, “Khalil is
not a first or even second class political leader. [...] He struggled
all of his life to get a post in Khartoum.”[3]
He quit the post in August 1998, several months before the end of his
appointment, and formed an NGO called “Fighting Poverty”. In December
1999, when al-Bashir sidelined al-Turabi with the help of Ali Osman Taha, Dr. Ibrahim was in the Netherlands, studying for a Masters in Public Health at Universiteit Maastricht.
In the meantime, the structure of covert cells that Ibrahim had
helped set up in 1994 had spread to Khartoum. The dissidents, dubbing
themselves the “The Seekers of Truth and Justice” published the Black Book
in 2000, claiming that riverine Arabs dominated political power and
resources. Khalil Ibrahim sided with the breakaway Popular Congress
party, who had split from President al-Bashir’s party.[citation needed]
In 2001, he was one of twenty people sent out of the country by the
dissidents to go public. In August 2001, Ibrahim published a press
release from the Netherlands, in which he announced the formation of the Justice and Equality Movement.
The JEM has a relatively small ethnic base of support, being limited to
the Kobe Zaghawa, including many kinsmen from across the Chadian
border. Ibrahim received political and financial support from Libya and
its leader Muammar Gaddafi. After the NTC‘s win in the 2011 Libyan civil war against the government of the Jamahiriya he was forced to flee back to Darfur.

Darfur conflict

On 5 March 2002, Dr. Ibrahim claimed credit for initiating a government revolt. This apparent claim of the landmark attack on Golo, actually carried out by the Sudan Liberation Army,
was mocked by the SLA and the JEM was forced to back away from their
announcement. Regardless, the JEM and the anti-government SLA formed a
loose alliance in prosecuting the Darfur conflict.
In May 2006, the JEM rejected the Abuja peace process, which was accepted by the faction of the SLA led by Minni Minnawi, but rejected by the smaller SLA factions. On 30 June 2006, Ibrahim, Khamis Abdalla, the leader of an SLM faction, Dr Sharif Harir and Ahmed Ibrahim, co-leaders of the National Democratic Alliance (Sudan), founded the National Redemption Front rebel group in Asmara, Eritrea but which is based in Chad.
Ibrahim lived in exile in Libya from May 2010 to September 2011, when the Libyan civil war compelled him to flee across the Sahara and return to Darfur. The Sudanese government and diplomatic sources accused Ibrahim’s group of rebels in Libya of fighting as mercenaries for Libyan strongman Muammar Gaddafi during the war, charges to which Ibrahim never responded.[4][5]


The Sudan Armed Forces announced that it had killed Ibrahim with an air strike in North Kordofan on 25 December 2011.[2][6]

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Ferenc Schmidt, Hungarian politician, died he was 70.

Ferenc Schmidt was a Hungarian politician of German descent and was a member of the National Assembly (MP) from 1998 to 2010  died he was 70..

(November 6, 1941 – December 25, 2011)[


He was born in Mór, Fejér County, on November 6, 1941. He finished Dózsa György Economical Secondary School in 1960.[2]
He served as a representative of the German minority in the Assembly
of Mór Local Government since 1994. He was also a member of the German
Minority Municipality from that year. He served as chairman of the
German Regional Minority Self-Government of Fejér County between 2007
and 2011.
He was a candidate for position of mayor of Mór in 2002. He was a deputy in the National Assembly as a Fidesz member from 1998 to 2010.[3]

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