Reza Sayed Badiyi was an Iranian-American film director. Badiyi was well known for directing episodes of many popular (and quite distinct) television series. His credits also include developing the memorable opening montages (title visualization) for Hawaii Five-O, Get Smart, and The Mary Tyler Moore Show.
|(April 17, 1930 – August 20, 2011)|
Early life and education
Badiyi was born April 17, 1930, in Arak, Iran. His parents were from Isfahan. He graduated from the Academy of Drama in Iran. He moved to the United States in 1955. He graduated from Syracuse University with a degree in film making.
After Syracuse University Badiyi often worked with Robert Altman.
Badiyi was assistant director on the low-budget 1957 film “The
Delinquents,” which marked Altman’s feature film debut as a director.
Early in his career, he directed episodes of Get Smart, Mission: Impossible, Hawaii Five-O, The Incredible Hulk, Mannix, The Six Million Dollar Man, Starsky and Hutch, The Rockford Files and Police Squad!.
He also directed the definitive “fashion show” sequence of the third
season of the popular “Doris Day Show”. There were lowlights, as well,
including directing the unsold pilot for “Inside O.U.T.”, starring
Farrah Fawcett and a chimp for Colombia/Screen Gems in 1971.
In the 1980s and 1990s, he directed episodes of Falcon Crest, Cagney and Lacey, Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Buffy the Vampire Slayer (the episode “Out of Mind, Out of Sight“), Le Femme Nikita, Sliders and Baywatch.
On October 2008, Badiyi received the Lifetime Achievement Award (Persian Golden Lioness) in dramatic arts from The World Academy of Arts Literature and Media – WAALM
On May 2010, Badiyi was honored at UCLA for his 80th birthday and his 60th year in the entertainment industry.
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Ross Barbour, American singer, last founding member of The Four Freshmen, died from lung cancer he was 82.
(December 31, 1928 – August 20, 2011)
The Four Freshmen originated in early 1948 when brothers Ross and Don
Barbour, then at Butler University’s Arthur Jordan Conservatory in
Indianapolis, Indiana, formed a barbershop quartet called Hal’s
Harmonizers. The Harmonizers also included Marvin Pruitt — soon replaced
by Ross and Don’s cousin Bob Flanigan
— and Hal Kratzsch (1925–70), replaced in 1953 by Ken Errair. The
quartet soon adopted a more jazz-oriented repertoire and renamed itself
the Toppers. At first, they were influenced by Glenn Miller‘s The Modernaires and Mel Tormé‘s
Mel-Tones, but soon developed their own style of improvised vocal
harmony. In September 1948, the quartet went on the road as The Four
Freshmen, and soon drew the admiration of jazz legends such as Dizzy Gillespie and Woody Herman.
In 1950, The Four Freshmen got a break when band leader Stan Kenton heard the quartet in Dayton, Ohio, and arranged for an audition with his label, Capitol Records,
which signed The Four later that year. In 1952, they released their
first hit single “It’s a Blue World”. Further hits included “Mood
Indigo” in 1954, “Day by Day” in 1955, and “Graduation Day” in 1956.
Throughout the 1950s and early 1960s, The Four Freshmen released a
number of recordings, made film and television appearances, and
performed in concert. The group eventually lost their mainstream
following with the advent of the British pop bands of the 1960s. After
Barbour’s retirement in 1977, the Freshmen continued under the
management of Flanigan, who kept the rights to The Four Freshmen name.
Flanigan died on May 15, 2011 at the age of 84.
Barbour died of cancer on August 20, 2011, aged 82.
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(September 11, 1929 – August 27, 2011)
Born as Jean Ann Ewers in Houston, Texas in 1929, and raised in Fort Worth, she appeared on radio and television (guest-starring roles and hundreds of commercials), in movies and on the theater stage.
Some of her early film work includes roles in Gun Girls (1956), Journey to Freedom (1957) and Forty Guns (1957). She became the twelfth actress to play Jane when she appeared opposite Gordon Scott‘s Tarzan in the film Tarzan’s Fight for Life, (1958). She also played the role in Tarzan and the Trappers 1958, three episodes filmed as a pilot for a proposed Tarzan television series. She also appeared in the “Girl on the Road” episode of The Veil, a short 1958 Boris Karloff TV series that was never aired.
In 1980 she won a Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actress for her work in Fade to Black. Her best-known recent work in films was in The Green Mile, 1999. She continued to work in episodic television, and made a guest appearance in 2006 on an episode of Scrubs, and in 2010 on an episode of Community.
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(26 November 1919 – 20 August 2011)
He taught at Patna University, Delhi University (1973–85) and the University of Toronto and was a senior fellow at School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London; University Grants Commission National Fellow (1958–81) and President of Indian History Congress
in 1975. It was during the tenure of Professor R. S. Sharma as the Dean
of Delhi University’s History Department in the 1970s that major
expansion of the department took place. The creation of most of the positions in the Department owes to Professor Sharma’s efforts. He is the founding Chairman of the Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) and a historian of international repute.
On his death, a function was organized by the Indian Council of Historical Research which was hosted by the Nehru Memorial Museum & Library, the eminent historians Romila Thapar, Irfan Habib, D.N.Jha, Satish Chandra, Kesavan Veluthat and ICHR Chairperson Basudev Chatterjee paid rich tributes to R.S. Sharma and emphasized that he had influenced them in more ways than one. Professor Bipan Chandra paid him the most handsome tribute: “After D.D. Kosambi, R.S. Sharma was the greatest historian of India.” Two of the most gifted historians of our times —D.N.Jha and Sumit Sarkar — were brought to Delhi University when Sharma was at the helm.
During his lifetime, he authored 115 books
published in fifteen languages. As head of the departments of History
at Patna University and Delhi University, as Chairman of the Indian
Council of Historical Research, as an important member of the National
Commission of the History of Sciences in India and UNESCO
Commission on the history of Central Asian Civilizations and of the
University Grants Commission, New Delhi, and, above all, as a practising
historian he has been influencing the major decisions relating to
historical research in India. At the instance of Dr. Sachchidanand Sinha, when Professor Sharma was in Patna College,
he worked as special officer on deputation in the Political Department
in 1948 where he was deputed to prepare a report on the Bihar-Bengal
Boundary Dispute which he prepared in right earnest. His pioneering effort resolved the border dispute forever which has been recorded by Dr. Sachchinand Sinha in a letter to Rajendra Prasad.
Sharma was born in Barauni, Begusarai, Bihar in a poor Bhumihar Brahmin family.
With great difficulty his father sponsored his education till
matriculation. After that he kept on getting scholarships and even did
private tuitions to support his education. In his youth he came in contact with peasant leaders like Karyanand Sharma and Sahajanand Saraswati and scholars like Rahul Sankrityayan
and perhaps from them he imbibed the determination to fight for social
justice and an abiding concern for the downtrodden which drew him to
left ideology. His later association with Dr. Sachchidanand Sinha,
a social reformer and journalist, broadened his mental horizon and
firmly rooted him in the reality of rural India and thus strengthened
his ties with the left movement and brought him into the front rank of
anti-imperialist and anti-communal intellectuals of the country.
Education and achievements
He passed matriculation in 1937 and joined Patna College, where he studied for six years from intermediate to postgraduate classes. He did his Ph.D. from the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London under Professor Arthur Llewellyn Basham. He taught at colleges in Ara (1943) and Bhagalpur (July 1944 to November 1946) before coming to Patna College in 1946. He became the head of the Department of History at Patna University from 1958-1973.
He became a university professor in 1958. He served as professor and
Dean of the History Department at Delhi University from 1973–1978. He
got the Jawaharlal Fellowship in 1969. He was the founding Chairperson
of Indian Council of Historical Research from 1972-1977. He has been a visiting fellow at the School of Oriental and African Studies (1959–64); University Grants Commission National Fellow (1958–81); visiting Professor of History in University of Toronto (1965–66); President of Indian History Congress in 1975 and recipient of Jawaharlal Nehru Award in 1989. He became the deputy-chairperson of UNESCO‘s
International Association for Study of Central Asia from 1973–1978; he
has served as an important member of the National Commission of History
of Sciences in India and a member of the University Grants Commission.
Sharma got the Campbell Memorial Gold Medal (for outstanding Indologist) for 1983 by the Asiatic Society of Bombay in November, 1987; received the H. K. Barpujari Biennial National Award by Indian History Congress for Urban Decay in India in 1992 and worked as National Fellow of the Indian Council of Historical Research (1988–91).
He is a member of many academic committees and associations. He has
also been recipient of the K. P. Jayaswal Fellowship of the K. P. Jayaswal Research Institute, Patna (1992–94); he was invited to receive Hemchandra Raychaudhuri Birth Centenary Gold Medal for outstanding historian from The Asiatic Society in August 2001; and in 2002 the Indian History Congress gave him the Vishwanath Kashinath Rajwade Award for his life-long service and contribution to Indian history. He got D.Litt (Honoris Causa) from the University of Burdwan and a similar degree from Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies, Sarnath, Varanasi. He is also the president of the editorial group of the scholastic magazine Social Science Probings. He is a member of the Board of Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Library.
His works have been translated into many Indian languages apart from
being written in Hindi and English. Fifteen of his works have been
translated into Bengali. Apart from Indian languages many of his works
have been translated into many foreign languages like Japanese, French,
German, Russian, etc.
In the opinion of fellow historian Professor Irfan Habib, “D. D. Kosambi and R. S. Sharma, together with Daniel Thorner, brought peasants into the study of Indian history for the first time.” Prof. Dwijendra Narayan Jha
published a book in his honour in 1996, titled “Society and Ideology in
India: ed. Essays in Honour of Professor R. S. Sharma” (Munshiram
Manoharlal, Delhi, 1996). In his honour, a selection of essays was
published by the K. P. Jaiswal Research Institute, Patna in 2005.
Journalist Sham Lal writes about him, “R. S. Sharma, a perceptive historian of Ancient India,
has too great a regard for the truth about the social evolution in
India over a period of two thousand years, stretching from 1500 BC to
500 AD, to take refuge in a world of make-believe.”
Professor Sumit Sarkar
opines: “Indian historiography, starting with D. D. Kosambi in the
1950s, is acknowledged the world over – wherever South Asian history is
taught or studied – as quite on a par with or even superior to all that
is produced abroad. And that is why Irfan Habib or Romila Thapar
or R. S. Sharma are figures respected even in the most diehard
anti-Communist American universities. They cannot be ignored if you are
studying South Asian history.”
As an Institution Builder
Impatient with inefficiency and guided by his radicalism, Professor Sharma had been a great builder of institutions. Under his guidance the department of History, Patna University,
drastically changed its syllabi and made a sharp departure from the
communal and imperialist historiographical legacy of the colonial
He has the credit of activising the dapartment which was suffering from
an almost incurable inertia and of initiating academic programmes which
gave a distinct character to the History department of Patna University
and thereby bringing it into the vanguard of secular and scientific
where he spent a smaller part of his teaching career, Professor
Sharma’s achievements are no less significant. The development of the
department of History, Delhi University,
owes a great deal to the efforts of Professor Sharma who radicalized it
by converting it into a citadel of secular and scientific History and
waged an all out war against communalist historiography.
It is largely because of his efforts that the largest body of professional Indian historians, the Indian History Congress, of which he was the general president in 1975 and which honoured him with H.K. Barpujari Award in 1989, has now become the symbol of secular and scientific approach to History.
Professor R.S.Sharma was known for his simplicity. He was tall, fair and was always clad in dhoti-kurta. Historian Suvira Jaisawal,
Sharma’s first PhD student, remembers her teacher not only giving a
lesson in good writing but even mundane stuff like how to put pin in
papers so it did not hurt anyone. In the opinion of his student, Historian Dwijendra Narayan Jha, “A
man of courage, conviction, utter humility and a strong social
commitment, Professor Sharma is as unassuming as indefatigable in his
academic pursuits. Full of compassion, he has been a constant source of
inspiration to his pupils and other younger scholars. While he has been
all warmth to his friends, he is extremely decent and generous to his
detractors. His qualities of head and heart make him a truly great man.“
Professor Sharma’s mastery of epigraphic, literary and archaeological
texts enabled him to demolish many myths created by
imperialist-colonialist historiography as well as by the cultural
chauvinists of more recent times, and made scientific study of the
ever-changing Indian society in all its dimensions possible.
His humility had no limits — he was always ready to learn even from a
novice working in the discipline of history and go to the extent of
acknowledging him/ her in his works.
Such a combination of scholarship and humility is not seen easily
today, when even toddlers in history writing prefer to blow their own
trumpets in the din of the market.
In his writings Professor Sharma has focussed on early Indian social
structure, material and economic life, state formation and political
ideas and the social context of religious ideologies and has sought to
underline the historical processes which shaped Indian culture and civilization. In his study of each of these aspects of Ancient Indian History he has laid stress on the elements of change and continuity.
This has significantly conditioned his methodology which basically
rests on a critical evaluation of sources and a correlation between literary texts with archaeology and ethnography.
His methodology is being increasingly extended to the study of various
aspects of Indian history just as the problems studied by him an the
questions raised by him have generated a bulk of historical literature
in recent years.
- Aspects of Political Ideas and Institutions in Ancient India (Motilal Banarsidass, Fifth Revised Edition, Delhi, 2005)
- Sudras in Ancient India: A Social History of the Lower Order Down to Circa AD 600 (Motilal Banarsidass, Third Revised Edition, Delhi, 1990; Reprint, Delhi, 2002)
- India’s Ancient Past (Oxford University Press, 2005)
- Looking for the Aryans (Orient Longman Publishers, 1995, Delhi)
- Indian Feudalism (Macmillan Publishers India Ltd., 3rd Revised Edition, Delhi, 2005)
- Early Medieval Indian Society: A Study in Feudalisation (Orient Longman Publishers Pvt. Ltd., Delhi, 2003)
- Perspectives in Social and Economic History of Ancient India (Munshiram Manoharlal, Delhi, 2003)
- Urban Decay in India c. 300- c. 1000 (Munshiram Manoharlal, Delhi, 1987)
In contrast to his predecessors who had focussed their attention on the study of higher orders, he published his Sudras in Ancient India as early as 1958 and examined the relationship of the lower social orders with the means of production from the Vedic age up to the Gupta period. In the following year (1959) his Aspects of Political Ideas and Institutions in Ancient India,
apart from national chauvinist and revivalist approach of earlier
Historians, emphasized the material basis of the power structure in Ancient India, a point he also stressed in his later work The Origin of State in India (1990). In 1965, his Indian Feudalism posed a major problem as to whether India passed through the phase of Feudalism (see Indian feudalism). His Social Changes in Early Medieval India,
being the first Dev Raj Chanana Memorial Lecture, brought into focus
the changes in social structure that accompanied the origin and growth
of feudalism in early India and in 1987 his Urban Decay in India (c.300-1000)
drew attention to the overwhelming mass of archaeological evidence to
demonstrate the decline of urban centres in early medieval period which
reinforces his arguments reharding the genesis and growth of feudalism
in India. In another work, Material Culture and Social Formations in Ancient India (1985),
on which he worked as Jawaharlal Nehru Fellow, Professor Sharma has
sought to unravel the process of class formation, and social
implications of the material changes in the Vedic period and in the age of the Buddha on the basis of literary and archaeological sources.
Professor Sharma’s researches cover the whole range of early Indian history and are largely summarized in his popular textbook Ancient India (1977) written for the National Council of Educational Research and Training. When this book was withdrawn under pressure of obscurantist elements he launched an attack on them in his In Defence of “Ancient India” (1979) and the book was subsequently restored.
Theory of Feudalism
The publication of his monograph Indian Feudalism
in 1965 caused almost a furore in the academia, generating intense
debate and sharp responses both in favour of and against the
applicability of the model of “feudalism” to the Indian situation at any
point of time. The concept of “feudalism” was initially used by D. D. Kosambi to analyse the developments in the socio-economic sphere in the late ancient and medieval periods of Indian history.
Sharma, while differing from Kosambi on certain significant points,
added a great deal of depth to the approach with his painstaking
research and forceful arguments. The work has been called his magnum opus. Criticism goaded Sharma into reinforcing his thesis by producing another work of fundamental importance, Urban Decay in India (c.300-1000),
in which he marshalled an impressive mass of archaeological data to
demonstrate the decline of urban centres, a crucial element of his
thesis on feudalism. It won him the H.K. Barpujari award instituted by the Indian History Congress. However, the redoubtable professor was unstoppable, and in his Early Medieval Indian Society: A Study in Feudalisation (Orient Longman, 2001), he further rebutted the objections of his critics point by point.
Sharma applied the tool of historical materialism not only to explain
social differentiation and stages of economic development, but also to
the realm of ideology.
His investigations into the “feudal mind” and “economic and social
basis of tantrism” are thought-provoking, opening up new lines of
inquiry. In an earlier article, he examined “the material milieu of the birth of Buddhism”, which now forms a part of his Material Culture and Social Formations in Ancient India (Macmillan, 1983). The monograph, full of seminal ideas, has been translated into several Indian and foreign languages and has had 11 editions.
The issue of Aryans
Sharma wrote two books, Looking for the Aryans (Orient Longman, 1995) and Advent of the Aryans in India
(Manohar, 1999), to demolish the myth assiduously cultivated by the
historiography that the Aryans were the original inhabitants of India
and Harappa culture was their creation. More recently, when some people sought to get a new lease of life by creating a crisis over Adam’s Bridge, or Ram Sethu,
by asserting that it was a man-made construction built by Ram and not a
natural formation (the result of continuous wave action), the
Government of India appointed a committee of three with two bureaucrats
and a historian to examine the veracity of such claims. Sharma, who was the historian on the committee, submitted his report in December 2007 and thus helped in diffusing the crisis. Incidentally, work on the report occasioned his last visit to Delhi.
Views on communalism
Sharma has denounced communalism of all types. In his booklet, Communal History and Rama’s Ayodhya, he writes, “Ayodhya seems to have emerged as a place of religious pilgrimage in medieval times. Although chapter 85 of the Vishnu Smriti lists as many as 52 places of pilgrimage, including towns, lakes, rivers, mountains, etc., it does not include Ayodhya
in this list.” But as the team leader of the Babri Masjid Action
Committee, he failed to furnish proof when asked by the Chandrasekhar
government in 1990, that Babri Masjid was not built destroying a Rama
temple in the disputed Ram Janmobhoomi site. Sharma also notes that Tulsidas, who wrote the Ramcharitmanas in 1574 at Ayodhya, does not mention it as a place of pilgrimage. After the demolition of Babri masjid, he along with Historians Suraj Bhan, M.Athar Ali and Dwijendra Narayan Jha came up with the Historian’s report to the nation
on how the communalists were mistaken in their assumption that there
was a temple at the disputed site and how it was sheer vandalism in
bringing down the mosque and the book has been translated into all the
Indian languages. He had denounced the vandalism of Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute in 2004.
His 1977 Ancient India was banned by the Janata Party government in 1978, among other things for its criticism of the historicity of Krishna and the events of the Mahabharata epic, reporting the historical position that
- “Although Krishna plays an important role in the Mahabharata,
inscriptions and sculptural pieces found in Mathura dating back to 200
BC and 300 AD do not attest to his presence. Because of this, ideas of
an epic age based on the Ramayana and Mahabharata have to be
He has supported the addition of the Ayodhya dispute and the 2002 Gujarat riots to school syllabus calling them ‘socially relevant topics’ to broaden the horizons of youngsters.
This was his remark when the NCERT decided to include the Gujarat riots
and the Ayodhya dispute besides the 1984 anti-Sikh riots in the Class
XII political science books, arguing that these events influenced the
political process in the country since Independence.
Andre Wink, Professor of History at University of Wisconsin–Madison criticizes Sharma in Al-Hind: The Making of the Indo-Islamic World (Vol. I) for drawing too close parallels between European and Indian feudalism.
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Courtemanche was born in Montreal, Quebec. He began his career as a journalist in 1962, with several collaborations with Radio-Canada including Le 60, Métro Magazine and Présent National. He later created L’Évènement,
a television program with Radio-Canada which he also hosted between
1978 and 1980. During the same period, he was also an editorialist with
CBOT, an Ottawa radio station. In 1978, he hosted Contact, the first public affairs magazine for Télé-Québec. Between 1980 and 1986, he worked as a host, analyst and correspondent for the programs Télémag, Première Page and Le Point with Radio-Canada.
Courtemanche helped found the sovereigntist and social democrat newspaper Le Jour, and also worked as a journalist with La Presse.
From 1986, he worked on various publications such as Alternatives and
Le Libraire. He published columns on international politics in Le Soleil, Le Droit, and Le Devoir.
He participated in making documentaries, including the series Soleil dans la nuit for TV5 Europe-Afrique-Canada, on the first anniversary of the Rwandan Genocide. He also filmed a documentary on AIDS titled The Gospel of AIDS. Furthermore, he helped produced various documentaries and advertisements on the third-world for Le Cardinal Léger et ses œuvres and OXFAM-Québec:
leprosy in Haiti, the politics of water, agricultural development in
the Philippines, education for disabled children in Thailand, etc.
His first novel, Un dimanche à la piscine à Kigali, which documents the Rwandan genocide of 1994, was published in 2000. It was chosen for inclusion in the French version of Canada Reads, broadcast on Radio-Canada in 2004, where it was defended by writer, environmentalist and activist Laure Waridel. Un dimanche à la piscine à Kigali eventually won the contest. It was filmed as Un dimanche à Kigali.
- Douces colères (1989)
- Trente artistes dans un train (1989)
- Chroniques internationales (1991)
- Québec (1998)
- Nouvelles douces colères (1999)
- Un dimanche à la piscine à Kigali (2000) (translated into English as A Sunday at the Pool in Kigali by Patricia Claxton (2003))
- La Seconde Révolution tranquille – Démocratiser la démocratie (essay) (2003)
- Une belle mort (2005)
- Le monde, le lézard et moi (2009)
- Je ne veux pas mourir seul (2010)
Awards and recognition
- Winner: Prix des Libraires, 2000
- Winner: National Magazine Award for Political Reporting, 1998
- Nominee 2003 – Governor General’s Award (French to English translation)
- Nominee 2004 – Rogers Writers’ Trust Fiction Prize
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Raúl Ruiz, Chilean film director (Three Lives and Only One Death, Time Regained), died from pulmonary infection at 70.
(25 July 1941 – 19 August 2011)
The son of a ship’s captain and a schoolteacher in southern Chile,
Raúl Ruiz abandoned his university studies in theology and law to write
100 plays with the support of a Rockefeller Foundation
grant. He went on to learn his craft working in Chilean and Mexican
television and studying at film school in Argentina (1964). Back in
Chile, he made his feature debut Three Sad Tigers (1968), sharing the Golden Leopard at the 1969 Locarno Film Festival. He was something of an outsider among the politically oriented filmmakers of his generation such as Miguel Littín and Patricio Guzmán, his work being far more ironic, surrealistic and experimental. In 1973, shortly after the military coup d’état led by the dictator Augusto Pinochet, Ruiz and his wife (fellow director Valeria Sarmiento) fled Chile and settled in Paris, France.
Ruiz soon developed a reputation among European critics and
cinephiles as an avant-garde film magician, writing and directing a
remarkable number of amusingly eccentric though highly literary and
complex low-to-no-budget films in the 1970s and 1980s (often for
France’s Institut national de l’audiovisuel and then for Portuguese producer Paulo Branco). The best known of these are Colloque de chiens (1977, a César Award-winning short which marked the start of Ruiz’s long-term working relationship with Chilean composer Jorge Arriagada), The Suspended Vocation (1978), The Hypothesis of the Stolen Painting (1979), On Top of the Whale (1982), Three Crowns of the Sailor (1983), City of Pirates (1983), Manoel’s Destinies (1985), Treasure Island (1985) and Life is a Dream (1986). A special issue of Cahiers du cinéma was devoted to Ruiz in March 1983.
In the 1990s, Ruiz began working with larger budgets and “name” stars like John Hurt in Dark at Noon (1992) and Marcello Mastroianni in Three Lives and Only One Death (1996). The following year, he made Genealogies of a Crime starring Catherine Deneuve, winning the Silver Bear at the 47th Berlin International Film Festival. A second major French actress, Isabelle Huppert, worked with Ruiz on Comedy of Innocence (2000), which was nominated for the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival. The American John Malkovich acted in the star-studded Marcel Proust adaptation Time Regained (1999) and the somewhat less successful Savage Souls (2001) and Klimt (2006). That Day (2003) was the fourth and last Ruiz film to be shown in the main competition of the Cannes Film festival. He also made forays into the English-language mainstream with the thrillers Shattered Image (1998) and A Closed Book
(2010). In the final decade of his life, Ruiz wrote and directed
several low-budget productions in his native Chile, but his final
international triumph was the Franco-Portuguese epic Mysteries of Lisbon (2010), which won the Silver Shell for Best Director at the San Sebastián International Film Festival and also France’s prestigious Louis Delluc Prize.
Over the years, Ruiz taught his own particular brand of film theory, which he explained in his two books Poetics of Cinema 1: Miscellanies (1995) and Poetics of Cinema 2
(2007), and actively engaged in film and video projects with university
and film school students in many countries, including the US, France,
Colombia, Chile, Italy and Scotland.
Ruiz died in August 2011 as a result of complications from a lung
infection, having successfully undergone a liver transplant in early
2010 after being diagnosed with a life-threatening tumour. The
Presidents of France and Chile both praised him. The Church of Saint George-Paul in Paris held a memorial service which was attended by many notable friends, including Catherine Deneuve, Chiara Mastroianni, Melvil Poupaud, Paulo Branco, Arielle Dombasle, Michel Piccoli and Jorge Edwards.
Ruiz’s body was then returned to Chile to be buried as specified in his
will and a National Day of Mourning was declared in Chile.
Ruiz’s final completed feature Night Across the Street (2012) was selected to be screened posthumously in the Directors’ Fortnight section of the 2012 Cannes Film Festival. His widow Valeria Sarmiento, who was also his collaborator and frequent editor for several decades, is completing The Lines of Wellington (2012), the Napoleonic epic that Ruiz was preparing when he died.
- La maleta (1963) – short film lost and completed in 2008
- Le retour (1964) – unfinished short film
- El tango del viudo (1967) – unfinished
- Tres tristes tigres [Three Sad Tigers] (1968)
- La catanaria (1969)
- Militarismo y tortura (1969) – short film
- ¡Qué hacer! (1970)
- La colonia penal [The Penal Colony] (1970)
- Ahora te vamos a llamar hermano (1971) – short film
- Nadie dijo nada (1971)
- Los minuteros (1972) – short film
- Poesía popular: La teoría y la práctica (1972) – short film
- La expropiación [The Expropriation] (1972)
- Abastecimiento (1973) – short film
- Palomita blanca [Little White Dove] (1973)
- El realismo socialista (1973)
- Palomita brava (1973) – short film
- Diálogos de exiliados [Dialogues of Exiles] (1975)
- Sotelo (1976) – short film
- Utopia (1976)
- Colloque de chiens (1977) – short film
- Les divisions de la nature (1978) – short film
- La vocation suspendue [The Suspended Vocation] (1978)
- Petit manuel d’histoire de France (1979)
- Jeux (1979)
- De grands événements et de gens ordinaires [Of Great Events and Ordinary People] (1979)
- Images de débat (1979)
- L’hypothèse du tableau volé [The Hypothesis of the Stolen Painting] (1979)
- Zig-Zag – le jeu de l’oie (une fiction didactique à propos de la cartographie) (1980) – short film
- La ville nouvelle (1980) – short film
- Fahlstrom (1980) – short film
- Musée Dali (1980)
- L’image en silence (1980)
- Le borgne (1980)
- Teletests (1980) – short film
- The Territory (1981)
- Images de sable (1981) – short film
- Ombres chinoises (1982) – short film
- Querelle des jardins (1982) – short film
- Le petit théâtre (1982) – short film
- Het dak van de Walvis [On Top of the Whale] (1982)
- Bérénice (1983)
- La ville de Paris (1983)
- Lettre d’un cinéaste ou Le retour d’un amateur de bibliothèques [Letter from a Library Lover] (1983) – short film
- Les trois couronnes du matelot [Three Crowns of the Sailor] (1983)
- La ville des pirates [City of Pirates] (1983)
- Voyages d’une main (1984)
- Régime sans pain (1984)
- Point de fuite [Vanishing Point] (1984)
- Les destins de Manoel [Manoel's Destinies/Manoel on the Island of Marvels] (1985)
- L’Île au trésor [Treasure Island] (1985)
- La présence réelle (1985)
- L’éveillé du pont de l’Alma [The Insomniac on the Bridge] (1985)
- Richard III (1986)
- Mémoire des apparences [Life is a Dream] (1986)
- Dans un miroir (1986)
- Mammame (1986)
- Brise-glace (1987)
- La chouette aveugle [The Blind Owl] (1987)
- Le professeur Taranne (1987)
- Allegoria (1988)
- Tous les nuages sont des horloges (1988)
- Il pozzo dei pazzi (1989) – short film
- Derrière le mur (1989)
- Hub (1989)
- The Golden Boat (1990)
- La novela errante (1990) – unfinished
- A TV Dante (Cantos 9-14) (1991)
- Las soledades (1992) – short film
- L’oeil qui ment [Dark at Noon] (1992)
- Fado majeur et mineur [Fado, Major and Minor] (1994)
- Wind Water (1995) – short film
- Trois vies et une seule mort [Three Lives and Only One Death] (1996)
- Généalogies d’un crime [Genealogies of a Crime] (1997)
- Le film à venir (1997) – short film
- Shattered Image (1998)
- Le temps retrouvé [Time Regained] (1999)
- Comédie de l’innocence [Comedy of Innocence] (2000)
- Combat d’amour en songe [Love Torn in a Dream] (2000)
- Les Âmes fortes [Savage Souls] (2001)
- Miotte vu par Raúl Ruiz (2002)
- Cofralandes, rapsodia chilena [Cofralandes, Chilean Rhapsody] (2002)
- Ce jour-là [That Day] (2003)
- Une place parmi les vivants [A Place Among the Living/A Taste for Murder] (2003)
- Vertige de la page blanche [Vertigo of the Blank Page] (2003)
- Días de campo [Days in the Country] (2004)
- Le domaine perdu [The Lost Domain] (2005)
- Klimt (2006)
- Le Don (2007) – short film
- La Recta Provincia (2007)
- Litoral (2008)
- La maison Nucingen [Nucingen House] (2008)
- Agathopedia (2008)
- El pasaporte amarillo [The Yellow Passport] (2009)
- A Closed Book [Blind Revenge] (2010)
- L’estate breve (2010)
- Mistérios de Lisboa [Mysteries of Lisbon] (2010)
- Ballet aquatique (2011)
- La noche de enfrente [Night Across the Street] (2012)
- As Linhas de Torres [The Lines of Wellington] (2012) (conceived by Ruiz, completed by Valeria Sarmiento)
- Raoul Ruiz (1995). Poétique du cinéma. Dis Voir. ISBN 2-906571-37-7. (French).
- Raul Ruiz (1995). Poetics of Cinema 1: Miscellanies. Dis Voir. ISBN 2-906571-38-5. Translated by Brian Holmes.
- Raoul Ruiz; Benoît Peeters (2002). Le Transpatagonien. Impressions nouvelles. ISBN 2-906131-55-5. (French).
- Raoul Ruiz (2006). Poétique du cinéma 2. Dis Voir. ISBN 978-2-914563-27-7. (French).
- Raul Ruiz (2007). Poetics of Cinema 2. Dis Voir. ISBN 978-2-914563-25-3. Translated from the Spanish by Carlos Morreo.
- Raoul Ruiz (2008). A la poursuite de l’île au trésor. Dis Voir. ISBN 978-2-914563-39-0. (French). Translated into English as: Raul Ruiz (2008). In Pursuit of Treasure Island. Dis Voir. ISBN 978-2-914563-41-3.
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James Henry Kinmel Sangster was an English screenwriter and director, known for his work for horror film producers Hammer Film Productions, including scripts for The Curse of Frankenstein (the first British
horror movie to be shot in colour) and Dracula (US: Horror of Dracula).
(2 December 1927 – 19 August 2011)
Sangster originally worked as a production assistant at the studio, as well as assistant director, second unit director and production manager. After Hammer Films Productions’ success with The Quatermass Xperiment, Sangster was approached to write The Curse of Frankenstein,
to which he said, “I’m not a writer. I’m a production manager.”
According to Sangster, Hammer Films’ response was, “Well, you’ve come up
with a couple of ideas and if we like it, we’ll pay you. If we don’t
like it, we won’t pay you. You’re being paid as a production manager, so
you can’t complain.” He later turned to direction with The Horror of Frankenstein and Lust for a Vampire (both 1970) for the studio, but with far less success. His third (and last) film as director was 1972’s Fear in the Night, which resurrected the psychological woman-in-peril thriller Sangster had begun with his script for Taste of Fear in 1961. All three of these films featured actor Ralph Bates, one of Hammer’s best-known actors of the latter period of the company.
Sangster scripted and produced two films for Bette Davis, The Nanny (1965) and The Anniversary (1968).
Other scriptwriting credits included The Siege of Sidney Street (1960) which starred Donald Sinden and in which Sangster appeared as Winston Churchill.
He is survived by his third wife, the actress Mary Peach and by a son from an earlier marriage, Mark James Sangster  and two grandchildren, Claire and Ian Sangster.
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Vilem Sokol was a Czech-American conductor and professor of music at the University of Washington from 1948 to 1985,
where he taught violin, viola, conducting, as well as music
appreciation classes directed primarily toward non-music majors Vilem Sokol, American conductor and music professor, died from cancer at 96 .
(May 22, 1915 – August 19, 2011)
conductor of the Seattle Youth Symphony Orchestras from 1960 to 1988, and principal violist of the Seattle Symphony
from 1959 to 1963. He was the featured soloist with the Seattle
Symphony for subscription concerts held March 7 and 8, 1960, performing Harold in Italy by Hector Berlioz.
Sokol was raised in Ambridge, Pennsylvania. At the age of 15, he studied with Otakar Ševčík in Boston. He received a bachelor’s degree in music from Oberlin College in 1938, where he studied violin with Raymond Cerf, and studied for one year on scholarship with Jaroslav Kocián at the State Conservatory of Music in Prague. He studied under a fellowship grant at the Juilliard School in New York City.
Upon his return from Prague, he taught at Shorter College in Rome, Georgia
for two years. He returned in 1941 to Oberlin College to pursue
graduate work, but was drafted when the United States entered the Second World War. He served in Miami Beach, Florida, Lincoln, Nebraska and Biloxi, Mississippi.
Following his discharge in 1945, he returned to Oberlin College to
continue his graduate work. Before coming to Seattle, he taught at the University of Kentucky (1946–7), and the Kansas City Conservatory of Music (1947–8), which has been part of the University of Missouri–Kansas City since 1959.
Sokol was one of the first American teachers to meet Shinichi Suzuki and apply aspects of his teaching method.
On August 19, 2011, Sokol died, aged 96, in Seattle, Washington from cancer.
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(August 22, 1926 – May 15, 2011)
Flanigan, who was born in Greencastle, Indiana, was a respected trombonist, and also played bass guitar with the outfit for several decades, beginning on September 20, 1948, and sang the top part. After retiring from performing in 1992, Flanigan maintained the band’s name and was responsible for the group’s changing cast of performers.
Flanigan died of congestive heart failure at his home in Las Vegas, Nevada, on May 15, 2011, aged 84.
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James T. Molloy, American government officer, last Doorkeeper of the House of Representatives (1974–1993), died from complications of diabetes he was , 75
James Thomas Molloy was elected Doorkeeper of the House of Representatives during the 94th Congress in 1974 and served through the 103rd Congress died from complications of diabetes he was , 75. As Doorkeeper, he introduced six Presidents, several heads of state and other dignitaries in joint sessions and other congressional events. Mr. Molloy was the last Doorkeeper of the House of Representatives.
(June 3, 1936 – July 19, 2011)
James T. Molloy was born in South Buffalo, Buffalo, New York on June 3, 1936 to Matthew Molloy and Catherine Hayden Molloy. Educated in Buffalo’s Catholic Schools, he worked in the grain elevators of Buffalo’s waterfront and fought fires as a member of the city fire department. Through his labor, Molloy paid his own way through school at Canisius College, becoming a member of the AFL-CIO, the International Brotherhood of Longshoremen, and the International Association of Fire Fighters.
Molloy worked as a schoolteacher in the New York cities of Buffalo and Lackawanna, and at the age of 27, became the youngest Democrat to serve as Party Zone Chairman in the State of New York.
Molloy went to Washington, D.C. in 1968 at the invitation of New York Congressman John Rooney to work in the House Finance Office. During his years of work in that office, he oversaw the growth of legislative appropriations for the House from $75 million to $126 million.
Molloy was elected Doorkeeper of the House in 1974, and remained at that post through the 103rd Congress, serving as a primary aide to Speakers Carl Albert, Tip O’Neill, James Wright, and Tom Foley. He was the last of 30 people to hold the position of Doorkeeper from its establishment in 1789 to its elimination in 1994. Within this capacity, he introduced Presidents and heads of state to Congress, and coordinated 71 joint sessions and many other events within the House chamber.
January 3, 1973
January 14, 1975
January 4, 1977
January 15, 1979
January 5, 1981
January 3, 1983
January 3, 1985
January 6, 1987
January 3, 1989
January 3, 1991
January 5, 1993
Mr. Molloy continued to serve as Chairman of the Board of the Wright Patman Congressional Credit Union, a position he held for 30 years. Molloy is the recipient of numerous honors for his life’s work in public service. He has received the Outstanding Citizen Award from the New York State AFL-CIO, the President’s Award from the New York State Federation of Police, and the United States Senate Youth Alumni Association Outstanding Service Award. He received an honorary Doctor of Laws from his alma mater, Canisius College, as well as the Sid Yudain Congressional Staffer of the Year Award from Roll Call. Molloy died of complications of diabetes on July 19, 2011.
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(11 August 1933 – 19 July 2011)
Educated at Beaudesert Park School and Britannia Royal Naval College, Oswald joined the Royal Navy in 1947. He was promoted to Lieutenant in 1960 and then Lieutenant Commander in 1964. Next followed a number of staff and sea tours when he was promoted to Commander and then Captain. He commanded HMS Bacchante from 1971 to 1972.
Following his tours as Commanding Officer of HMS Newcastle, between 1977 and 1979 and Britannia Royal Naval College from 1980 to 1982, he was promoted to Rear Admiral and appointed an Assistant Chief of the Defence Staff in 1982.
He went on to become Flag Officer, Third Flotilla in 1985 and Commander-in-Chief Fleet from 1987 to 1989.
He was First Sea Lord from 1989 to 1993 when he left the Royal Navy.
In retirement he became Chairman of Sema Group plc and was also the president of T.S. Newfoundland (Wolverhampton Unit) Sea Cadet Corps. He was also an Honorary Vice-President of the Royal United Services Institute.
In 1958 he married Veronica (‘Roni’) Thompson; they had two sons and three daughters.
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Nathan Matthew “Nat” Allbright was an American sports announcer who specialized in doing play-by-play radio broadcasts of games that he had never seen, using information sent using Morse code from the stadiums where the games were played to provide listeners with vivid recreations of the actual games, in which Allbright would describe each pitch and play, combined with sound effects to make the depiction more vivid to listeners died from pneumonia he was , 87. Allbright was hired by the Brooklyn Dodgers to announce recreated games played away from Ebbets Field to a network of radio stations on the East Coast that included more than 100 stations, providing facsimile coverage of 1,500 Dodgers games, despite never having seen one.
(November 26, 1923 – July 18, 2011)
Allbright was born in Dallas, Texas on November 26, 1923. As a child, he moved with his family to Ridgeway, Virginia, and would recreate games in his imagination using lineups that he had taken from the local paper. He served in the United States Army Air Forces during World War II. After receiving training in radio broadcasting, Allbright hosted musical and dance programs on the air, and covered baseball and other sporting events for stations in the Washington area, producing both live and recreated accounts.
Dodgers game recreation
Walter O’Malley, owner of the Dodgers, wanted to create a radio network to reach fans of the Dodgers located on the East Coast of the United States. Someone who had previous experience simulating games was desired, as such broadcasts were far less expensive than sending announcers and the required support staff to various stadiums. Assigned to find the right candidate, Dodgers president Buzzie Bavasi hired Allbright, who was working at the time for radio station WEAM in Virginia. Invited to spend time with the Dodgers at spring training, he observed the players in action, with an eye for details of each player’s mannerisms that he could use in his recreations. Allbright began his broadcasting career with the Dodgers in 1949, and his recreations were presented on more than 100 radio stations by the following season. During his time with the Dodgers, he broadcast 1,500 games from a studio in Washington, D.C., beginning each one with a statement required by the Federal Communications Commission that the contents of the radio program were a recreation of an actual game and then starting each game by stating “This is Nat Allbright, from Ebbets Field!”
Allbright maintained notes and pictures in his studio of each National League ballpark to help make his descriptions as vivid as possible. An assistant sitting outside his recording booth would take details from the play by play feed and prepare a script lisiting the details of each half inning. Allbright would be notified of any gap in game play so that he would be able to stretch out the material with added commentary until the typed sheets needed for the next half inning were completed. Using the information transmitted about each pitch from the ballpark, Allbright would provide a running account of the game, using his knowledge of the players and their individual characteristics and quirks to provide a running color commentary for a game he could not see. Most of the sound effects he used were from recordings, though he had a knack for using dental clicks to simulate the sound of a ball being struck by the bat. He used records and tape recordings of the National Anthem, crowd murmurs, roars and jeers to help maintain the verisimilitude of the broadcasts, though sportswriter Leslie Timms of the Spartanburg Herald-Journal would reminisce that he could never figure out why the same vendor was shouting “Cold Beer, Here” regardless of which stadium the Dodgers were playing in. Allbright himself supplied the voice of the beer vendor, leaning away from the microphone to simulate the voice coming from the stands. If transmissions were not received from the live game, he might add in improvised foul balls; extensive lags could be turned into an imaginary rain delay to buy additional time, with thunder simulated by crinkling a piece of cellophane. In a 1955 article, sportswriter Red Smith described how Allbright never claimed to be broadcasting from Ebbets Field, but didn’t make it clear that he wasn’t, “kind of leaving it up to the listeners to decide for themselves.”
After Fred Saigh, then owner of 90% of the St. Louis Cardinals, was convicted of income tax evasion and sentenced to 15 months in federal prison in January 1953, Allbright was part of a group of prospective buyers that sought to buy the team from Saigh. A month later, Saigh sold the team to a group led by the owners of Anheuser-Busch, accepting a lower offer of $3.75 million to keep the team in St. Louis.
From 1950 until 1961, Allbright did 1,500 broadcasts of games played by the Dodgers, though he never saw the team play in person. Washington Post sportswriter Bob Addie called Allbright the “king of the baseball re-creators”, an art whose practitioners included Ronald Reagan. He was awarded a ring when the Dodgers won the 1955 World Series, their only championship in Brooklyn. Improving technology and the move of the Dodgers to Los Angeles in 1958 cost Allbright many of his fans, with the team’s evening home games starting at 11:00 PM in the Eastern Time Zone where his radio stations were located.
In the years after he retired from broadcasting for the Dodgers, Allbright began a company producing simulated recreations of sporting events, in which he would insert names supplied by customers as part of the recording. One client wanted to have himself inserted as a catcher for Dizzy Dean, pitching for the Cardinals in the 1934 World Series against the Detroit Tigers, while another customer had his father’s name inserted into a game in which he supposedly played alongside Babe Ruth for the New York Yankees. Other recordings had couch potatoes playing for the Boston Celtics, boxing at Madison Square Garden and playing golf at the U.S. Open.
During the 1981 Major League Baseball strike, Allbright produced a manufactured account of the All-Star Game that was scheduled to have been played that year at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland, but had been cancelled due to the work stoppage. The Washington Post lauded “the fantasy created by Mr. Allbright” that evening, noting that he “had listeners sensing a breezy, summer Ohio night perfect for baseball”. Before the strike was settled after half of the 1982 NFL season had been lost, Allbright broadcast eight simulated games featuring the Washington Redskins facing their scheduled opponents, setting the imaginary pace for a season in which the Redskins would in reality go on to win Super Bowl XVII.
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Sean Hoare, British journalist (News of the World), whistleblower of the 2011 phone hacking scandal died he was , 47
Sean Hoare was a British entertainment journalist. He contributed to articles on show business, from actors to reality television stars. He contributed to exposing the News International phone hacking scandal.
(1963 – c. 17 July 2011)
Hoare was described as by The Guardian‘s Nick Davies as “coming from a working-class background of solid Arsenal supporters, always voted Labour, defined himself specifically as a ‘clause IV‘ socialist who still believed in public ownership of the means of production.” Hoare was a trainee reporter in the 1980s for the Watford Observer.
He was a reporter for The Sun before joining the The Sunday People, under editor Neil Wallis. He moved to the News of the World in June 2001, under editor Rebekah Brooks (then Rebekah Wade) but was sacked in 2005 by then editor Andy Coulson for drink and drug problems. He said in regards to his drug taking while employed by the News of the World, “I was paid to go out and take drugs with rock stars – get drunk with them, take pills with them, take cocaine with them. It was so competitive. You are going to go beyond the call of duty. You are going to do things that no sane man would do. You’re in a machine.” He claims to have often taken “three grammes of cocaine a day, spending about £1,000 a week” and would drink Jack Daniel’s, and then would snort a line of cocaine as part of a “rock star’s breakfast”. His health deteriorated to the point that the doctor examining his liver remarked that he “must be dead”. A former colleague said, “if you could imagine the stereotypical image of News of the World hack, it would be he.”
In 2001, Hoare was awarded a Shafta Award (celebrating “the very worst in tabloid journalism”) for his scoop on David and Victoria Beckham‘s purchase of an island off the Essex coast; the story, which turned out to be fiction, also won him the 20th anniversary “Shafta of Shaftas” in 2006. He won another Shafta in 2002 two in 2003 and a lifetime achievement Shafta in 2004.
He was involved in and exposed the News International phone hacking scandal in which he claimed in a New York Times article that Andy Coulson “encouraged” him to hack phones. He was once a close friend of Coulson. Hoare had said of the phone hacking at the News of the World; “It was always done in the language of, ‘Why don’t you practise some of your dark arts on this’, which was a metaphor for saying, ‘Go and hack into a phone’. Such was the culture of intimidation and bullying that you would do it because you had to produce results. And, you know, to stand up in front of a Commons committee and say, ‘I was unaware of this under my watch’ was wrong.”
He was found dead at his home in Langley Road, Watford, Hertfordshire, at around 11 am on 18 July 2011. On the same day and within hours of his body being found, Hertfordshire Police stated that his death was “unexplained” but not suspicious, and it could take weeks to establish a cause of death. On 21 July, Hoare’s widow issued a statement in which she said that his death had come as a “tremendous shock”.
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Magnus Malan, South African politician, Minister of Defence (1980–1991), died from natural causes he was , 81.
General Magnus André De Merindol Malan was the Minister of Defence (in the cabinet of President P. W. Botha), Chief of the South African Defence Force (SADF) and Chief of the South African Army died from natural causes he was , 81..
(30 January 1930 – 18 July 2011)
Malan’s father was a professor of Biochemistry at the University of Pretoria and later a Member of Parliament (1948-1966) and Deputy Speaker and Chairman of Committees (1961-1966) of the House of Assembly. He started his high school education at the Afrikaanse Hoër Seunskool but later moved to Dr Danie Craven’s Physical Education Brigade in Kimberley, where he completed his matriculation. He wanted to join the South African armed forces immediately after his matric, but his father advised him first to complete his university studies. As a result of this advice, Malan enrolled at the University of Stellenbosch in 1949 to study for a Bachelor of Commerce degree. However, he later abandoned his studies in Stellenbosch and went to University of Pretoria, where he enrolled for a B.Sc. Mil. degree. He graduated in 1953.
Malan was earmarked for high office from early on in his military career; one of the many courses he attended was the Regular Command and General Staff Officers Course in the United States of America from 1962 to 1963. He went on to serve as commanding officer of various entities, including South-West Africa Command, the South African Military Academy and Western Province Command.
In 1962 Malan married Magrietha Johanna van der Walt; the couple had two sons and one daughter.
In 1973 he was appointed as Chief of the South African Army and three years later as Chief of the South African Defence Force (SADF).
As Chief of the SADF he implemented many administrative changes that earned him great respect in military circles. During this period he became very close to P.W. Botha, the then Minister of Defence and later Prime Minister.
In October 1980 Botha appointed Malan Minister of Defence in the National Party government, a post he held until 1991. As a result of this appointment he joined the National Party and became the Member of Parliament for Modderfontein. He was also elected to be a member of the Executive Council of the National Party.
During Malan’s tenure in parliament as Defense Minister, his greatest opposition came from opposition MPs of the Progressive Federal Party, such as Harry Schwarz and Philip Myburgh, who both served as shadow defense minister at points during the 1980s.
In July 1991, following a scandal involving secret government funding to the Inkatha Freedom Party and other opponents of the African National Congress, President FW de Klerk removed Malan from his influential post as Minister of Defence and appointed him as Minister for Water Affairs and Forestry.
A Fast Attack Craft of the South African Navy was named after him prior to the change of government in 1994.
On November 2, 1995 Malan was charged together with other former senior military officers for murdering 13 people (including seven children) in the KwaMakhutha massacre in 1987. The murders were said to have been part of a conspiracy to create war between the African National Congress (ANC) and the Zulu Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP), and maintaining white minority rule. The charges related to an attack in January 1987 on the home of Victor Ntuli, an ANC activist, in KwaMakhutha township near Durban in KwaZulu-Natal.
Malan and the other accused were bailed and ordered to appear in court again on December 1, 1995. A seven-month trial then ensued and brought hostility between black and white South Africans to the fore once again. All the accused were eventually acquitted. President Mandela supported the verdict and called on South Africans to respect it.
Malan also had to appear before the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
On January 26, 2007, he was interviewed by shortwave/Internet talk radio show The Right Perspective. It is believed to be one of the very few, if not the only, interviews Gen. Malan gave outside of South Africa.
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(January 6, 1929 – July 18, 2011)
Stroll began his career as a bodybuilder in the 1950s. He then moved to acting in 1958 with bit parts on television shows such as How to Marry a Millionaire, Sea Hunt and The Twilight Zone. He then landed a steady role on McHale’s Navy as Virgil Edwards.
Fans of slapstick comedy team The Three Stooges remember Stroll for his roles in two 1960s-era feature films, Snow White and the Three Stooges and The Three Stooges in Orbit.
Throughout the 2000s, Stroll has provided voice-overs, and occasionally appeared at Hollywood autograph signing shows, near his Marina del Rey home in Southern California.
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James Wong, , Malaysian politician, first Deputy Chief Minister of Sarawak , leader of the national Opposition (1974), died from a heart attack he was 89
Datuk Amar James Wong Kim Min was a Malaysian politician active in the politics of Sarawak for decades. Wong holds the record as the longest serving assemblyman in the history of the state of Sarawak, holding the office for nearly fifty years. Wong served as the first Deputy Chief Minister of Sarawak and the president of the Sarawak National Party (SNP). He held several other ministries of Sarawak politics until his retirement in 2001.
(August 6, 1922 – July 18, 2011)
Wong was born in Limbang, Kingdom of Sarawak, on August 6, 1922. Sarawak was a British protectorate at the time. He began his political career in 1951, when he was elected to the Limbang District Council.
In 1956, Wong was elected to Sarawak’s legislature, the Council Negri, which is now known as the Sarawak State Legislative Assembly. He continued to hold office in the Legislative Assembly until his retirement in 2001.
Malaysia became an independent country in 1963. Wong had been a member of the Malaysia Solidarity Consultative Committee‘s Sarawak delegation in 1962, which negotiated the formation of the new nation. Stephen Kalong Ningkan, the then president of the Sarawak National Party (SNAP), became the first Chief Minister of Sarawak, while Wong became the state’s first deputy Chief Minister. SNAP pulled out of the national coalition government, led by the Alliance Party, and became an opposition party. Wong, a member of the SNAP, won a seat in the Parliament of Malaysia in the 1969 general election, representing the Miri-Lubis constituency. Wong became the leader of the Malaysian Opposition in 1974. Wong would later be arrested under the Internal Security Act and held at the Kamunting detention center for several years. In 1981, Wong became the third president of the Sarawak National Party.
Wong’s Sarawak National Party reconciled and rejoined the successor of the Alliance, the Barisan Nasional. Under the new coalition, Wong became a minister in Sarawak’s state cabinet, holding several portfolios during the 1980s, 1990s and early 2000s. Wong became the Environment and Tourism Minister of Sarawak from 1987 to 1994. He then became the state Minister of Environment and Housing from 1995 to 1997 and finally the state Minister of Environment and Public Health from 1998 until his retirement in 2001. In 2001, Wong, who was still serving as Environment Minister, was awarded the Langkawi Award for to work in launching a sea turtle satellite tracking program and spearheading a new reefball project for coral reefs.
Wong retired from politics in 2001. He continued to author new books and poems during his retirement. Wong authored The Price of Loyalty, a book about his imprisonment at the Kamunting detention center under the Internal Security Act. By 2003, Wong had published the third addition of The Birth of Malaysia, a history of the country. He also released a third book, Memories of Speeches at the Council Negri. In addition to his books, Wong also wrote poetry during his later life. His poetry collections included A Special Breed in 1981, Shimmering Moonbeams in 1983, Buy a Little Time in 1989 and Beautiful Butterfly in 2009.
Wong also spearheaded the push to have Malaysia Day declared a national holiday. In 2010, Malaysia Day was finally declared an official holiday, to be celebrated nationwide on September 16th of every year. Wong spoke of Malaysia Day in 2010 saying, “It is my hope that Malaysia Day will be celebrated every Sept 16. People should remember it because it’s a historic occasion.”
James Wong suffered a heart attack on July 18, 2011. He died shortly after 10 a.m. at the Normah Medical Specialist Centre in Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, at the age of 89. Wong was survived by his wife, Datin Valerie Bong; five daugters; three sons; thirteen grandchildren and four great-grandchildren.
He was buried in Limbang at the family cemetery in Jalan Pandaruan. Dignitaries in attendance included members of each of Sarawak’s major ethnic groups, including the Chinese, the Kedayan, Brunei Malays, Bisaya, Iban and the Tabun.
Sarawak’s government announced that it will put together an exhibit of Wong’s documents at the state museum.
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Juan María Bordaberry, Uruguayan politician and dictator, President (1972–1976), died after a long illness he was , 83
Juan María Bordaberry Arocena was a Uruguayan politician and cattle rancher, who first served as President from 1972 until 1976, including as a dictator from 1973 until his ouster in a 1976 coup died after a long illness he was , 83. He came to office following the Presidential elections of late 1971.
In 1973, Bordaberry dissolved the General Assembly and was widely regarded as ruling by decree as a military-sponsored dictator until disagreements with the military led to his being overthrown before his original term of office had expired. On November 17, 2006 he was arrested in a case involving four deaths, including two of members of the General Assembly during the period of civilian-military rule in the 1970s.
Background and earlier career
Bordaberry was born in 1928 in Montevideo, Uruguay’s capital. Juan María Bordaberry’s father was Domingo Bordaberry, who served in the Senate and in Ruralist leadership, and he was the heir to one of the largest ranches in the country. Initially, Juan María Bordaberry belonged to the National Party, popularly known as the Blancos, and was elected to the Senate on the Blanco ticket. In 1964, however, he assumed the leadership of Liga Nacional de Accion Ruralista (Spanish for “National Rural Action League”), and in 1969 joined the Colorado Party.
That year he was appointed to the Cabinet, where he sat from 1969 to 1971 as agriculture minister in the government of President Jorge Pacheco, having had a long association with rural affairs (see Domingo Bordaberry).
President of Uruguay
Bordaberry was elected president as the Colorado candidate in 1971. It has since emerged that he only won due to considerable electoral fraud. He took office in 1972 in the midst of an institutional crisis caused by the authoritarian rule of Pacheco and the terrorist threat. Bordaberry, at the time, had been a minor political figure; he exercised little independent standing as a successor to Pacheco other than being Pacheco’s handpicked successor. He continued Pacheco’s authoritarian methods, suspending civil liberties, banning labor unions, and imprisoning and killing opposition figures. He appointed military officers to most leading government positions.
Before and after his period of Presidential office, he was identified with schemes for agricultural improvement; his Agriculture minister was Benito Medero. In personal terms, one of Bordaberry’s actions which proved in hindsight to have been disadvantageous was his appointment of Jorge Sapelli as Vice President of Uruguay, given the latter’s resignation and public repudiation of him in 1973. In 1973, the military commanders threatened to remove him from power unless he agreed to be the figurehead leader of a coup d’état. Bordaberry gave in; on June 27, 1973 he dissolved Congress and suspended the Constitution. For the next three years, he ruled by decree with the assistance of a National Security Council (“COSENA”).
Premature end of term of Presidential office
In 1976, the military, preferring to rule through Alberto Demicheli, already serving in the government and a figure at first thought to be more accommodating to their wishes, ousted Bordaberry from office. The military claimed, whether accurately or not, that Bordaberry wanted to dissolve permanently the political parties and set up a corporatist state according to a pattern with little precedent in Uruguayan history. Bordaberry’s anticipated 5-year term of office, 1972–77, was thus curtailed by the military. Bordaberry then returned to his ranch.
On 17 November 2006, following an order by judge Roberto Timbal, Bordaberry was placed under arrest along with his former foreign minister Juan Carlos Blanco Estradé. He was arrested in connection with the 1976 assassination of two legislators, Senator Zelmar Michelini of the Christian Democratic Party and House leader Héctor Gutiérrez of the National Party. The assassinations took place in Buenos Aires but the prosecution argued they had been part of Operation Condor, in which the military regimes of Uruguay and Argentina coordinated actions against dissidents. Timbal ruled that since the killings took place outside Uruguay, they were not covered by an amnesty enacted after the return of civilian rule in 1985.
On 23 January 2007, he was hospitalized in Montevideo with serious respiratory problems. Because of his health problems the judge Paublo Eguern ordered that Bordaberry be transferred to house arrest. From 27 January he served his prison term in the house of one of his sons in Montevideo. On 1 June 2007, an Appellate Court confirmed the continuation of the case of the murders of Michelini and Gutiérrez Ruiz. On 10 September 2007, another Appellate Court opened a new case to be tried by Judge Gatti for 10 homicides, for violations of the constitution.
On 7 February 2008, the BPS, Social Security Administration, suspended Bordaberry’s retirement payments as ex-president of the country.
Opposition and support
Bordaberry’s arrest was generally met with satisfaction and regarded as the end of impunity in Uruguay, a country considered by some to have lagged behind other Latin American nations in this matter. However, former President Julio Sanguinetti has been critical of the one-sided prosecution of individuals involved in the conflict, and there has been lively media debate regarding issues surrounding Bordaberry’s arrest.
One of his sons, Pedro Bordaberry, himself presidential candidate and a former minister, has been vocal in public support for his father and, by strong implication, for a measure of justification for the role of the civilian-military government of 1973–1985. Another son, Santiago Bordaberry, is a rancher and religious activist and has been prominent in the former President’s public defence.
On 5 March 2010, Bordaberry was sentenced to 30 years in prison (the maximum allowed under Uruguayan law) for murder, becoming the second former Uruguayan dictator sentenced to a long prison term; in October 2009, Gregorio Conrado Álvarez was sentenced to 25 years. He had also been unsuccessfully tried for violating the constitution in the 1973 coup.
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Rabbi Aba (Avrohom Moshe) Dunner was a social and religious activist, who represented and worked for the interests of European Jewry, first as the personal assistant to Rabbi Dr. Solomon Schonfeld, then as Secretary to the British office of Agudat Israel, and in his latter years as Executive Director of the Conference of European Rabbis ed he was , 73.. Although born in pre-war Europe, Aba spent the majority of his life in England, where he was active in both communal work and the business world.
(13 November 1937 – 17 July 2011)
Aba Dunner was born in Koenigsberg (today known as Kaliningrad), then part of Germany, on 13 November, 1937. His father was Rabbi Josef Hirsch Dunner, a scion of the distinguished Dunner family of Cologne, and from 1936 chief rabbi of East Prussia. His mother, Ida, was the daughter of Dr Wilhelm (Zev) Freyhan, a leading member of the Jewish community of Breslau, and one of the original founders of Agudat Israel at the Kattowitz Conference of 1912. Ida’s mother came from the illustrious Hackenbroch family of Frankfurt-am-Main; her great-grandfather was part of the original strictly orthodox group who split off from the main community and invited Rabbiner Samson Rafael Hirsch to lead a breakaway community.
Arrival in England
As the officially recognised Jewish religious leader of East Prussia, Josef Dunner was arrested on Kristallnacht; the Nazis were unable to transport him to concentration camp in Germany, however, as the Poles would not allow the transfer of political prisoners through the Polish Corridor. As the Nazi authorities considered their options, Ida got in contact with Solomon Schonfeld, and was able to obtain through him a rabbi’s visa, enabling the small family to come to England via Holland in December 1938. On arrival in London, the Dunners settled briefly in Golders Green. Before very long Josef was asked to become the rabbi of Westcliff, until 1940, when he was briefly interned as an enemy alien on the Isle of Man. On his release, Josef was appointed as a rabbi to immigrant and evacuated Jews in Leicester, where the family remained until 1947.
In 1947, Schonfeld arranged for the Dunners to move to Stamford Hill, north London, where Josef established and ran the Beth Jacob seminary for girls. He went on, in 1960, to replace Schonfeld as rabbi of the Adath Yisrael Synagogue, and as the presiding rabbi of the Union of Orthodox Hebrew Congregations, the most senior religious position within the strictly orthodox community of the UK. Aba attended Yesodey Hatorah School, completing his high school education at the Gateshead Jewish Boarding School, where his classmates included Rabbi Avrohom Gurwicz, Rabbi Matisyohu Salomon, and Rabbi Chaim Kaufman, all of whom went on to become leading figures in orthodox Jewish education in the UK and beyond. After leaving school, Aba learned in yeshiva in Kapellen, Belgium, and then in Luzern, Switzerland, where studied under Rabbi Moshe Soloveitchik, with whom he maintained contact throughout the remainder of his life.
In 1957 a sudden stomach illness brought him home from yeshiva and confined him to the Jewish Hospital in the East End of London for several months. Having decided not to return to yeshiva, Aba began to try out a variety of jobs, including selling fabric and working at a butcher shop, to see what career he should choose. Although a brilliant salesman, no job in the commercial arena appealed to his instinctive desire to be involved in communal activism. So, in 1959 he was engaged by Rabbi Schonfeld to be his personal assistant. Within a matter of months Schonfeld dispatched him across Europe to explore the idea of creating an organization which would unite all the strictly orthodox communities of Europe. Schonfeld then sent Aba to the still nascent State of Israel, to see whether one could build small synagogues, to be referred to as community centres, in the many secular kibbutzim that existed there. To reach Israel, Aba drove from London to Naples, Italy, in a Land-Rover, and took a ship to Israel, landing in Haifa just in time for the Independence Day celebrations of 1959.
In 1960 Aba married Miriam (1941-2006), daughter of Arthur “Adje” (Uri) Cohen (1910-2000) of Rotterdam. During the Nazi occupation of Holland, Arthur Cohen was a leading member of the Dutch Underground resistance movement, and after the war he was instrumental in the re-establishment of the Jewish community in Holland; as late as the mid-1970s, when already in his 60s, he established a school for strictly-orthodox boys and girls in Amsterdam, known as the “cheider”. The young couple initially set up home in Stamford Hill, close to Aba’s parents, and then in 1976 they moved to Golders Green. During this time they had five children, Yitzchok (b.1961), Benzi (1962-2008), Hadassa (b.1963), Zev (b.1967), and Pini (b.1970).
In 1960 Aba began to work for the British division of Agudat Israel, an international strictly-orthodox Jewish lobbying organisation and political movement. In the ensuing decade he became involved in a variety of international Jewish initiatives, through his close contact with a whole range of influentual orthodox Jewish figures, including, in the UK, Harry Goodman, Simcha Bunim Unsdorfer, in Israel, Rabbi Shlomo Lorincz and Rabbi Menachem Porush, and in the United States Rabbi Moshe Sherer. His job entailed working as the “pointman” for the World Agudah Movement in Europe – if something needed to be done, he was the local contact to organise it. Aba also established close links with many of the leading rabbinic luminaries of the time, whom he consulted for advice, and whom he offered his services – men such as Rabbi Leib Gurwicz, Rabbi Avrohom Babad, Rabbi Yitzchok Hutner, Rabbi Moshe Feinstein, Rabbi Eliezer Menachem Schach, and Rabbi Yosef Kahaneman, the Ponovezh Rav. When Rabbi Aron Kotler, the distinguished and revered head of Beth Medrash Govoha in Lakewood, New Jersey, was in London raising funds for Chinuch Atzmai, Aba acted as his driver, and he performed the same service for senior rabbinic leader of the US, Rabbi Eliezer Silver, President of the Union of Orthodox Rabbis of the United States and Canada.
Outreach in Scandinavia
During the 1960s Aba became a pioneer of the Kiruv, or Jewish Outreach, movement that gathered pace in the following decade, when he established an organisation to teach Judaism to the children of the many Holocaust survivors who had settled in Denmark, Norway and Sweden after World War II. The parents were by-and-large disenchanted with their religious origins, but the children were often curious to find more about their heritage. Aba and his wife, organised weekend retreats, in both England and Sweden, resulting in many of these children returning to the Jewish religious fold.
In the business world
In 1970 Aba became the executive director of the charitable foundation that had recently been set up by William Stern, a property mogul and philanthropist based in London, and in this role he was responsible for the allocation of large amounts of charity funds to numerous Jewish causes aross the world. He combined this with his work for Agudat Israel, until 1972, when he began working for Stern full time, both in his charitable endeavours, and in his commercial endeavours. During the 1980s Aba began to work in West Africa, exporting consumer goods and industrial machinery to countries such as Nigeria, Gabon and Togo.
Revival of Eastern European Jewry
In the late 1980s and early 1990s Aba began his involvement with the Jewish ommunities of Eastern Europe. Agudat Israel began a project called Operation Open Curtain and Aba, acting on their behalf in a voluntary capacity, travelled regularly to Russia, becoming involved in the appointment of rabbis such as Rabbi Pinchas Goldschmidt in Moscow and Rabbi Yaakov Bleich in Ukraine, as well as supporting the establishment of a yeshiva in Moscow at the behest of his childhood mentor Rabbi Moshe Soloveitchik.
Aba’s knowledge of European communities as well as his diplomatic and organisational skills eventually prompted the emeritus Chief Rabbi of Great Britain, Lord Immanuel Jakobovits, to ask him to work full time for the Conference of European Rabbis, of which he was President. In 1997 Aba became Director of Community Affairs for the CER, and in 2003 he took over from Rabbi Moshe Rose as Executive Director. The CER, which had been founded in 1956, had always been a small outfit which ran conferences for rabbis every couple of years in different European cities. Aba’s vision gave it the impetus to grow and raised its political profile with national govenments across Europe and particularly within the organs of the EU. As a result of his leadership, the CER has now got an office in Brussels and is the sole Jewish religious representative body recognized by the EU.
Aba was also deeply involved in interfaith work, particularly to try and forge links between Jews and moderate Muslims. For this purpose he travelled to meet with Muslim religious leaders, including a high profile visit to Kazakhstan.
In the last years of his life Aba suffered, in quick succession, the loss of his wife, son, and both his parents. In addition to this he endured ill-health, often leading to near death experiences. Despite these setbacks he remained actively involved in Jewish affairs, travelling across the globe as an ambassador for orthodox Judaism and its adherents. In 2008 he remarried, and for the final 3 years of his life his wife Charlotte acted as his assistant in the many projects in which he was involved.
Immediately following Passover 2011 Aba was admitted to a hospital in London after suffering from terrible discomfort over the festival period. He was quickly diagnosed with terminal cancer, and he died at the London Clinic with his family at his side on Sunday, 17 July 2011. The following day he was buried at the Adath Yisrael Cemetery, in Enfield, north London. A large number of tributes to him were issued by leading Jewish figures and organisations after his death. The World Jewish Congress, the leading Jewish diaspora representative body, issued a statement which said: “[Aba Dunner] was one of the leading activists for the cause of Orthodox Judaism over the past decades and was widely respected across the Jewish world. He was at the heart of the building and strengthening Jewish institutions in Europe. Within the World Jewish Congress, Rabbi Dunner and the Conference of European Rabbis – which he led for many years – were actively engaged in addressing the concerns of Jews and Jewish communities and in strengthening dialogue with other faith communities. He was a dedicated fighter for achieving peace and freedom for all peoples, irrespective of their origin, religion or ethnic background.” 
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Jan Mohammad Khan was a politician in Afghanistan, who served as Governor of Oruzgan Province from January 2002 to March 2006 and as member of the National Assembly as well as a special adviser to President Hamid Karzai. He was an elder of the Popolzai Pashtun tribe in Oruzgan and a close ally of Hamid Karzai.
(died July 17, 2011)
Early years and personal life
Khan was illiterate. During the war against the Soviets he served as a commander in the Jamiat-e Islami political party of Afghanistan led by Burhanuddin Rabani in Uruzgan. He later joined Jabha-i-Nijat Milli or National Salvation Front, another jihadi movement led by Sibghatullah Mojaddedi, and remained with the group until the victory of the mujaheddin. He lost an eye during the fighting and in later years gave differing accounts of how he sustained the injury. He was Oruzgan’s governor for nearly four years under President Burhanuddin Rabani. Khan quit his job during the Taliban era and spent three years in a Kandahar jail on charges of working for former King Zahir Shah.
Khan was a close friend of Karzai’s father, Abdul Ahad Karzai and was believed to mediate disputes among the Karzai brothers.
In early 2002, Karzai appointed Khan as Oruzgan’s governor, a position he held until March 2006. Khan was widely seen as incompetent, corrupt, closely tied to the opium poppy trade, and inclined to favor his own Populzai tribe at the expense of Oruzgan’s other tribes. Thus no western governments objected when President Karzai replaced Khan as governor, giving him a nominal job in the Ministry of Tribal Affairs. In fact, Khan continued to meddle in Oruzgan’s political affairs, often acting through his nephew, Matioolah Khan, a powerful and feared militia leader in the province.
Khan had four wives, from whom he had a total of 18 daughters and 16 sons, the oldest of whom was born about 1981. A fifth wife died under mysterious circumstances amid rumors that Khan had her killed.
Governorship and dismissal
Khan was appointed governor of Orugzan province in 2002. He was replaced by “Maulavi” Abdul Hakim Munib (“Maulavi” is a title indicating religious training) on March 18, 2006. The Dutch military assumed control from the U.S. of the Provincial Reconstruction Team four months after Khan’s departure. Khan returned to the province frequently in the ensuing years, meddling unhelpfully in local politics. The Dutch fled from Oruzgan in 2010, leaving the U.S. and Australia to continue the mission there. 
On July 17, 2011, gunmen stormed Khan’s home in Kabul and killed him and MP Hasham Watanwal also of Oruzgan. Some sources report that his bodyguards were killed as well. The attack began with a small explosion and bursts of gunfire, according to eyewitnesses. While one attacker was killed, at least one other attacker blew himself up. Some reports indicated a third attacker occupied Khan’s home and were involved in an hours-long firefight with the Afghan National Army and the Afghan National Police. Afghan law enforcement had captured one attacker, who was carrying an AK-47 and a grenade launcher, while another attacker continued the firefight from a bathroom. SAS members of New Zealand were assisting and mentoring the Afghan security forces during the incident.
The Taliban took responsibility for Khan’s killing. They stated that Khan’s killing was a punishment for all his deeds in the past, but members of the Afghan National Assembly accused Pakistan‘s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI). Afghanistan often blames Pakistan’s ISI for supporting “terrorist” attacks inside Afghanistan. Bismillah Khan Mohammadi, the Interior Minister of Afghanistan, stated that the mobile phones recovered from the attackers showed incoming calls from Pakistan right before conducting the assassination. Others recall that Khan made many local enemies in southern Afghanistan over the years, within his own and competing tribes, and his death may have been the result of such a local feud.
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Jim Kincaid, American news correspondent (ABC News), anchorman (WVEC) and essayist, died from a heart attack he was , 76.
(October 23, 1934 – July 17, 2011)
Biography and early career
Kincaid was born on October 23, 1934 in Houston, Texas, to the late Herbert and Ethel Schulze. He grew up in Arkansas, often joking that his parents “moved there as soon as they heard about it”. He started working for a radio station there in 1949, then served three years in the United States Army after being drafted in 1956. In 1960, he joined WWL in New Orleans, Louisiana, where he won a National Gold Bell award for his reporting on the death of Pope John XXIII in 1963. He later moved to what was then KMOX-TV (now KMOV) and WCBS-TV before moving to ABC News.
Hired to work as a network correspondent, Kincaid reported in Vietnam for ABC in 1969, at the height of the Vietnam War. A military helicopter in which Kincaid was riding was shot down by rocket fire near the village of Bu Dop. He sustained a broken back in the crash and spent several months recovering in Hong Kong.
In 1978, Kincaid left ABC to become the local news anchor for WVEC. During his time with WVEC, he returned to Vietnam to do a special series of stories covering the changes that had taken place over the previous 25 years. While shooting the award-winning documentary, Kincaid reunited a Vietnamese refugee with her family in Ho Chi Minh City. The woman, Norfolk resident Thao Nguyen, left Vietnam by boat in the 1970s with her infant daughter, and had not seen her family in over 20 years.
Kincaid also wrote a documentary in 1995 entitled “D-Day to VE Day“. Three D-Day veterans from the Norfolk area accompanied Jim to several historic World War II sites, including Weymouth, England, Omaha Beach, Bastogne, the Dachau concentration camp, and Margraten in the Netherlands, site of the largest American cemetery in Europe. In 1996, Kincaid stepped down as WVEC’s primary news anchor; he continued with the station as a commentator until his retirement.
Jim Kincaid authored several books, with collections of his humorous anecdotes.
Post-news career and death
In 1997, Kincaid left WVEC. He and his wife Catherine moved to a farm which he owned near Elam, an unincorporated area in Virginia‘s Prince Edward County. In 2006, they moved into a community near Longwood University in Farmville, Virginia. While retired from the news business, Kincaid continued to work, providing narration and voice-over work. Kincaid died of a heart attack on July 17, 2011 at the age of 76. 
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Jan Hendrik (John) Kraaijkamp, Srwas a Dutch Golden Calf and Louis d’Or winning actor, comedian and singer. For years, he formed a comedy team with Rijk de Gooyer. One of The Netherlands’ most popular comedians, praised for his perfect timing, he also played in more serious plays, including the title role in King Lear (1979) and in the Academy Award winning WOII drama film The Assault (1986). From 1993 until 2003, he starred in the successful sitcom “Het Zonnetje in Huis” along his son John Kraaijkamp, Jr.
(19 April 1925 – 17 July 2011)
Kraaijkamp was one of four children of a greengrocer and a housecleaner. He grew up in the Kinkerbuurt in Amsterdam. After an accident, his father was declared unfit for work and Johnny had to find work at a young age. At the age of 14, he already performed as a boy soprano in the famous Amsterdam theatre Carré.
With Rijk de Gooyer
Kraaijkamp worked for a short while as acrobat, but then moved on to become a singer in a show orchestra. He performed as an entertainer and bass player in local bars, where he was discovered in the 1950s by Rijk de Gooyer.
Together they recorded the song “Twee jongens op een gitaar” (Two guys on a guitar). It was the start of a long and successful partnership. John (then “Johnny”) and Rijk began to perform together on radio and television. In spring 1956, they joined the “Weekendshow”, an entertainment show from the broadcasting company AVRO which also included comedians Huub Matron and later René van Vooren. They also toured with the Snip & Snap Revue and perform in several comedy plays written for TV, together and apart.
In 1962, they got together again for Open het dorp, an exremely well-watched TV benefit marathon presented by Mies Bouwman, in which they performed in their pyjamas. In the 1960s and 1970s they performed regularly together on Dutch TV. In 1964, they began with the Johnny & Rijk shows (later called ‘n Paar Apart). In 1968, they presented another “Weekendhow”. In all these shows, Rijk was the “feeder” and John the comedian. Even when they worked apart, they held close contact. In 1963, John got his own TV show at the broadcasting company KRO, the Johnny Kraaijkamp Show, for which De Gooyer wrote. The duo also recorded a couple of hit singles, including “De Bostella“, for which they received a golden record in 1968. From 1970 to 1971, they even had a show on German TV, Spass durch Zwei.
In 1973, De Gooyer started a film career. Kraaijkamp didn’t sit still, and made a couple of shows for the NCRV, with Tonny Huurdeman as his new feeder. Unfortunately, these were not very successful: the show only lasted three episodes. The TROS later produced a new series of Johnny Kraaijkamp Shows. De Gooyer performs in two episodes. In 1985, he joined old partner De Gooyer in the AVRO TV series De Brekers, which also starred Adèle Bloemendaal and Sacco van der Made. He also played in a couple of movies in the 1970s and 1980s, including Jos Stelling‘s De Wisselwachter and Fons Rademakers‘ The Assault (both 1986), as the bittered resistance fighter Cor Takes, and Iris (1987), with Monique van de Ven.
Kraaijkamp also was a prolific stage actor. With theatre company Ensemble he plays in The Taming of the Shrew from 1958 to 1959. From 1962 to 1964 he’s a member of the Amsterdams Volkstoneel. He also starred in a couple of free productions, including musicals Irma la Douce (1962–1964) and Man of La Mancha (1969–1970). After a period of comic plays, he joined the Ro Theater in 1979 to play in a number of classic roles. The title role in Shakespeare’s King Lear that year is considered his big breakthrough as a serious actor. He also performed in A Midsummer Night’s Dream. In 1984 he won the Louis d’Or, the most prestigious award in stage acting in The Netherlands, for his lead role in Jacques de fatalist en zijn meester.
From 1988 until 1990, he starred in the prison sitcom Laat maar zitten, based on the British TV series Porridge. His most successful role in recent years was the part of Piet Boverkerk in the RTL comedy series Het zonnetje in huis (1993–2003). In the show, he played a pig-headed old man that comes to live with his son and daughter-in-law (played by his own son, John Kraaijkamp, Jr., and Martine Bijl) after his wife passed away.
He continued to perform in various plays, including The Sunshine Boys (1994), along with his son, Harold Pinter‘s The Homecoming (2001), and Gouwe Handjes (2002–2003), which was written especially for him by Haye van der Heyden. In 2000, theater producer Joop van den Ende named a musical award after him. The John Kraaijkamp Musical Awards are awarded every year to musical actors and actresses. In recent years, his only public appearances were these gala shows, except for a brief role in the Dutch TV comedy series “Kinderen geen bezwaar” in 2007.
Kraaijkamp was married three times and had four children. With Riemada Elisabeth Panhuysen, he had two children, son John (1954) and daughter Ellissigne. With his second wife, Tilly van Duijkeren, he had a son, Michiel. With Mai Lun Lee he had a daughter, Sanne. John, Ellissigne and Sanne became actors.
Kraaijkamp spend his final years in the Rosa Spier Huis in Laren, in the room where famous Dutch comic book artist Marten Toonder used to live. His 85th birthday was celebrated there. Among the attendants were important Dutch comedians and television personalities including André van Duin, Rijk de Gooyer and Mies Bouwman.
Kraaijkamp died on 17 July 2011 in the Rosa Spier Huis in the presence of his children, ex-wife and friends. He was 86 years old. The next day, several TV stations paid tribute to the comedian with TV specials. On Friday 22 July, the Dutch public can bid him farewell in the recently renewed DeLaMar Theater. The next day, he will be cremated.
Throughout his life, Kraaijkamp received several acting awards, both for the stage, TV and film. In 1984, Kraaijkamp received the Louis d’Or for his role as Jacques in the play Jacques de fatalist en zijn meester. In 1986, he received the Golden Calf for Best Actor for his roles in the films The Assault and De Wisselwachter. The next year, in 1987, he was awarded with the Johan Kaartprijs for his contribution to stage comedy and entertainment. In 1998, he received a Gouden Beeld, a television award, for Best Actor in a Comedy for his role in Het Zonnetje in Huis. On October 21, 2007 he received the Blijvend Applaus Prijs for his exceptional contribution to Dutch theater, television and film.
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(April 19, 1926 – July 17, 2011)
Morris was born as one of four children on April 19, 1926, in Indian Wells, a village on the Navajo Nation in northeast Arizona, as a member of the Kin’lichii’nii Clan. He took care of his parents horse, sheep and livestock. According to the Los Angeles Times, Morris described the reservation where he was raised as having “no electricity, no running water, no school.” He began attending a government-run boarding school approximately 70 milies from his home when he was twelve years. Morris was taught English at the school. Morris’ school was closed at the outbreak of World War II and the building was turned into a Japanese-American internment camp.
Morris told the U.S. draft board in 1943 that he was 18 years old, when he was actually 17 years old, in order to gte his draft card. He worked on in an ore mine in Arizona for several months before he was drafted into the United States Marines. In an 1988 interview with the Modesto Bee, Morris said that a Navajo medicine man prayed for him for a day and a half upon his drafting, which Morris credited with surviving the war unharmed.
Morris was sent to Camp Pendleton, where he and approximately 400 other Navajos received communications training to become code talkers. Morris served as a Marine code talker throughout the Pacific Theater, serving with the 2nd Marine Regiment, 6th Marine Division, including Guadalcanal and Guam. He was a participant in the Battle of Okinawa, where the Japanese blocked the Navajo’s messages. In 2004, Morris told a Veterans Days observance in San Bernardino, California, that “My weapon was my language…We saved a lot of lives.” At the end of World War II, Morris was told by his commanders not speak of the Navajo code talkers with anyone. That included Morris’ parents and wife, whom he did not tell either. Morris began revealing the details of the Navajo code talkers only the code talkers’ mission and role in the war was declassified in 1968.
Morris was honorable discharged from the Marines in 1946 and married his wife, Charlotte Morris. He was hired at a Marine supply center in Barstow, California, and settled in the small town of Daggett, a small town in the Mojave Desert. He worked as a maintenance department supervisor at the same supply center until his 1984 retirement.
Joe Morris spoke extensively about the experience of the Navajo code talkers during the 1990s and 2000s. Morris and his fellow Navajo code talkers were honored by in an exhibit at Pentagon in 1992, which he attended. Morris also attended Congressional Gold Medal ceremony in 2001, in which President George W. Bush presented the award to four or the original twenty-nine Navajo code talkers. He and 200 surviving code talkers were awarded the Congressional Silver Medal on November 25, 2001, at a ceremony in Window Rock, Arizona.
Joe Morris Sr. died from complications of a stroke on July 17, 2011, at Jerry L. Pettis Memorial VA Medical Center in Loma Linda, California, at the age of 85. President of the Navajo Nation Ben Shelly ordered American flags in the Navajo Nation to be lowered to half staff in Morris’ honor.