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Benjamin Romualdez, Filipino politician and diplomat, Governor of Leyte (1967–1986), brother of Imelda Marcos, died from cancer he was 81

First Lady Imelda Marcos

Benjamin Trinidad “Kokoy” Romualdez  was a Filipino politician who served as Governor of Leyte and later appointed as ambassador to the United States, China and Saudi Arabia  died from cancer he was 81.[2]
He was a younger brother to former First Lady Imelda Marcos and the father of Rep. Ferdinand Martin Romualdez.[2]

 
(September 24, 1930 – February 21, 2012)

Personal life

The son of the late Vicente Orestes Romualdez, a former dean of the law school of St. Paul’s College in Tacloban City, Kokoy Romualdez began his career in politics after serving as an assistant of then Speaker Daniel Romualdez from 1957 to 1961. He was a younger brother to former First Lady Imelda Marcos
and the father of Rep. Ferdinand Martin Romualdez. He was married to
Juliette Gomez and children, Daniel, a practicing architect in New York,
and partner Michael; Benjamin Philip, president and chief executive
officer of Benguet Corp., who is married to Inquirer president and CEO
Maria Alexandra; Ferdinand Martin, who is married to Yedda Marie;
Marean, an investment banker, and husband Thomas; sisters Imelda Marcos, Alita Martel, Conchita Yap and brothers Alfredo and Armando.

Political Life

Romualdez embarked on his own career in the diplomatic service and in
politics spanning more than 20 years. He served several terms as Leyte
governor. His brother-in-law, President Ferdinand Marcos
appointed him as ambassador to China, Saudi Arabia and the United
States while serving as Leyte governor until 1986, when his family went
into exile following the People Power Revolution. He was later elected as a member of the Batasang Pambansa in 1984 but preferred to remain as ambassador to the United States, therefore was disqualified to sit in the parliament.
He was instrumental in the establishment of diplomatic relations
between the Philippines and the People’s Republic of China in the 1970s,
becoming Manila’s first ambassador to Beijing.
Known for his organizational skills, Romualdez paved the way for the
state visits of President Marcos to various countries, including the United States.[2][not in citation given]

Death

He died on the afternoon of Wednesday 21 February, of cancer, at Makati Medical Center in Makati City, Philippines at the age of 81.

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Colin Ireland, British serial killer, died he was 57

Colin Ireland was a British serial killer known as the Gay Slayer because his victims were homosexual men.

(16 March 1954 – 21 February 2012) 

Ireland suffered a severely dysfunctional upbringing.[1] He committed various crimes from age 16 and had served time in borstals and prisons.[1][2] Criminologist David Wilson stated that Ireland was a psychopath.[3]
While living in Southend, he started frequenting the Coleherne pub, a gay pub in west London.[4] It was known as a place where men cruised for sexual partners and wore colour-coded handkerchiefs that indicated their preferred role. Ireland sought men who liked the passive role and sadomasochism, so he could readily restrain them as they initially believed it was a sexual game.[5]
Ireland said he was heterosexual –
he had been married twice – and that he pretended to be gay only to
befriend potential victims. Ireland claimed that his motives were not
sexually motivated.[5]
He was highly organized, and carried a full murder kit of rope and
handcuffs and a full change of clothes to each murder. After killing his
victim he cleaned the flat of any forensic evidence linking him to the
scene and stayed in the flat until morning in order to avoid arousing
suspicion from leaving in the middle of the night.[6]
He was jailed for life for the murders in December 1993[7] and remained imprisoned until his death in February 2012, at the age of 57.

Early life

Ireland was born in Dartford, Kent to an unmarried teenage couple.[1] Shortly after his birth, his father left him and his 17 year old mother.[1] He is not named on his birth certificate and he did not know his identity.[1] He was raised in poverty by his mother; they moved many times.[1] In the early 1960s, she married.[1] When she became pregnant, she put Ireland into care; he later returned to her.[1] In 1966 she married another man.[1] during the 1960s in Sheerness, Kent – Ireland was propositioned on three occasions and spied on once by men who were sexually attracted to him.[1] In his mid-teens, he sent to borstal for theft and whilst there deliberately set fire to another resident’s belongings. At age 17, Ireland was convicted of robbery.[1] He escaped and was returned to borstal.[1]

Early adulthood

Ireland had been a soldier and had a series of manual jobs.[1]
In December 1975 he was convicted of car theft, criminal damage and two
burglaries, for which he was sentenced to 18 months imprisonment.[1]
He was released in November 1976 and moved to Swindon, Wiltshire. He
lived with a black West Indian woman and her children for a few months.[1] In 1977, he was convicted of extortion, for which he was sentenced to 18 months imprisonment.[1] In 1980, he was convicted of robbery, for which he was sentenced to two years imprisonment.[1] in 1981, he was convicted of attempted deception.[1] In 1982, he married Virginia Zammit; the couple and her daughter lived in Holloway, London.[1] In 1985, he was convicted of going equipped and sentenced to six months imprisonment.[1]
He divorced in 1987 after his wife discovered that he cheated on her.
In 1989 in Devon, he married Janet Young; he was violent to her and
stole from her.[1]
In the early 1990s, they separated; she and her children became
homeless. He moved to Southend-on-Sea, where he became homeless and
lived in a hostel.[1] He later moved to a flat in the town and lived there whilst visiting a London gay bar where he found his victims.

Victims

A documentary of his crimes, with Ireland discussing his victims, was aired on British television by ITV1 in 2008.[8]

Peter Walker

Peter Walker, a 45-year-old choreographer who liked Sadomasochism, took Ireland back to his flat in Battersea. There he was bound, and ultimately suffocated by a plastic bag being placed over his head.[6]
Ireland placed two teddy bears in a 69
position on the body. Ireland left Walker’s dogs locked in another
room. The day after the murder, having heard no news reports of the
crime, he called Samaritans and a journalist from The Sun newspaper, advising them of the dogs, and that he had murdered their owner.[6]

Christopher Dunn

Dunn was a 37-year-old librarian who lived in Wealdstone. Dunn was found naked in a harness, his death was initially believed to be an accident that occurred during an erotic game.[9]
In addition, because he lived in a different area from Walker, a
different set of investigators worked on the case. For these reasons the
death was not linked to Walker’s.[9]

Perry Bradley III

Ireland met a 35-year-old[10] businessman, named Perry Bradley III, at the Coleherne pub. Bradley lived in Kensington and was the son of Texas Democratic Party fundraiser Perry Bradley Jr.[9]
The two men returned to Bradley’s flat, where Ireland suggested that
he tie Bradley up. Bradley expressed his displeasure at the idea of sado-masochism.[10]
In order to get Bradley to comply, Ireland told Bradley that he was
unable to perform sexually without elements of bondage. Bradley
hesitantly cooperated and was soon trussed up on his own bed, face down,
with a noose around his neck.[10]
After Ireland had secured Bradley, he demanded money from him and
demanded his PIN under the threat of torture. Ireland assured Bradley
that he was merely a thief and would leave after stealing Bradley’s
money.[10]
After Bradley gave Ireland his PIN, which Ireland later used to steal
£200, along with £100 in cash stolen from Bradley’s flat, Ireland told
Bradley that he should go to sleep, as he wouldn’t be leaving his flat
for hours.[10]
Bradley eventually did fall asleep and Ireland momentarily thought of
leaving Bradley unharmed. Ireland then realized that Bradley could
identify him, and he used the noose, which he had earlier attached
around Bradley’s neck, to strangle him. Before leaving Bradley’s flat,
he placed a doll on top of the dead man’s body.[10]

Andrew Collier

Ireland, angered that he had received no publicity even after three
murders, killed again within three days. At the pub he met and courted
33-year-old Andrew Collier, a housing warden, and the pair went to
Collier’s home in Dalston.
After entering the flat there was a disturbance outside and both men
went to the window to investigate. Ireland gripped a horizontal metal
bar that ran across the window. He later forgot to wipe the bar for
prints during his usual cleanup phase. The police found this
fingerprint.[9]
Once he had tied up his victim on the bed, Ireland again demanded his
victim’s bank details. This time his victim refused to comply. Ireland
killed Collier’s cat in Collier’s presence whilst he was restrained on
the bed.[10]
Ireland then strangled Collier with a noose. He put a condom on
Collier’s penis and placed the dead cat’s mouth over it, and placed the
cat’s tail into Collier’s mouth.[10]
Ireland had become angered at discovering Collier was HIV positive
while rummaging through his personal effects looking for bank details.[6]
A suspected reason for his killing of the cat was that after Ireland
killed Walker and had left this previous victim’s dogs locked in a
separate room, he later called anonymously to advise parties to the fact
that these dogs were being or had been locked up.[6]
As a result the media called the killer an animal lover. He strangled
the cat to demonstrate that the “animal lover” assumption had been
wrong.[10]
Ireland left the next morning with £70;
he also left a clue for the police by putting a condom in Collier’s
mouth, just as he had done to Walker, creating a possible link between
the two murders.[6]

Emanuel Spiteri

Ireland’s fifth victim (he had read that serial killers needed at least five victims to qualify as such) was Maltese chef Emanuel Spiteri, aged 41, whom Ireland had met in the same pub as his previous victims.[10]
Spiteri was persuaded to be cuffed and bound on his bed. Once more,
Ireland demanded his bank PIN but did not obtain it. He again used a
noose to kill. After carrying out his post-murder ritual of cleaning and
clearing the scene, Ireland set fire to the flat and left. He rang the
police later to tell them to look for a body at the scene of a fire and
added that he would probably not kill again.[6]

Investigation

There are suggestions that police homophobia delayed the linking of
all the murders and that they were initially not handled well[11]
but police eventually connected all five killings. The crimes were
widely publicised through the mainstream media and it quickly became
known in the gay community and the wider community that a serial killer who specifically targeted gay men was operating.
Investigations revealed that Spiteri had left the pub and travelled
home with his killer by train, and a security video successfully
captured the two of them on the railway platform at Charing Cross station.[10]
Ireland recognised himself and decided to tell police he was the man
with Spiteri but not the killer – he claimed to have left Spiteri in the
flat with another man.[6] However, police had also found fingerprints in Collier’s flat, matching those of Ireland.[6]

Convictions and imprisonment

Ireland was charged with the murders of Collier and Spiteri, and
confessed to the other three while awaiting trial in prison. He told
police that he had no vendetta
against gay men, but picked on them because they were the easiest
targets. Ireland pretended to be gay in order to lure his victims.[12]
He had robbed those he killed to finance his killings because he was
unemployed at the time, and he needed funds to travel to and from London
when hunting for victims.[2]
After the first murder, Ireland phoned The Samaritans and The Sun,
telling them what he had done. Ireland said he wanted to become famous
for being a serial killer. After killing three more men, and the pet cat
of one of them, he phoned the police, asking why they had not linked
the four murders.[12]
When his case came to the Old Bailey on 20 December 1993, Ireland admitted all charges and was given life sentences
for each. The judge, Justice Sachs, said he was “exceptionally
frightening and dangerous”, adding: “To take one human life is an
outrage; to take five is carnage.”[5]
On 22 December 2006, Ireland was one of 35 life sentence prisoners whose names appeared on the Home Office‘s list of prisoners who had been issued with whole life tariffs and were unlikely ever to be released.[13]
Ireland’s notoriety was reflected in sensational reports in the
tabloid press. As well as the nickname “The Gay Slayer”, he was
headlined as “Jack The Gripper” by the News Of The World.[14]

Death

Ireland died on 21 February 2012, at Wakefield Prison. A spokeswoman for Her Majesty’s Prison Service said: “He is presumed to have died from natural causes; a post-mortem will follow.”[15] Later, his death was ascribed to pulmonary fibrosis and a fractured hip he had suffered earlier in the month as preliminary causes of death.[16]
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Sullivan Walker, Trinidadian actor (The Cosby Show, Get Rich or Die Tryin’), died from a heart attack he was 68

Sullivan Walker was a Trinidadian actor
who played numerous small and recurring roles on television shows from
the early 1980s onwards died from a heart attack he was 68. Walker migrated to New York from Trinidad in
1969 and became an

actor, writer, director and teacher.

(November 20, 1946 – February 20, 2012)

Early life

Walker was born in Laventille, Trinidad, on November 20, 1946.[1] He was raised in Broadway in the city of San Fernando.[1] He initially began a career as a teacher at St. Paul’s Anglican School in San Fernando.[1]

Professional work

Walker acted in such television shows as The Cosby Show from 1988 to 1991 portraying Bill Cosby’s physician friend, Dr. James Harmon.[2] He guest-starred in single episodes of The Pretender (1999), The Sentinel (1997), and Law & Order: Special Victims Unit (2004). He also played a bit part in several movies, including Crocodile Dundee (1986). His most significant role was in the 1994–95 show Earth 2, where he appeared in nearly every episode as Yale, a cybernetic advisor to Devon Adair (Debrah Farentino) and tutor to her son, Uly. His final role was in the 2005 movie Get Rich or Die Tryin’.
Outside of film and television Walker was also a Broadway actor, acting in August Wilson‘s Two Trains Running.[2]
Toward the end of his life, he endeavored to found a school/workshops
for Caribbean actors in New York to succeed in the American film and
television markets.[2]

Death

Walker died of a heart attack on February 20, 2012, in his home of Los Angeles, California, three months after his 65th birthday. He is survived by his daughter and only child, Keela Walker. His remains were cremated.

Film and television appearances

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Katie Hall, American politician, U.S. Representative from Indiana (1982–1985) died she was 73

 Katie Beatrice Hall , served as a U.S. Representative from Indiana from 1982 to 1985 died she was 73.

(April 3, 1938 – February 20, 2012)

Life and career

She was born Katie Beatrice Green in Mound Bayou, Bolivar County, Mississippi. She attended the public schools of Mound Bayou. Hall received a B.S. from Mississippi Valley State University, Itta Bena, Mississippi in 1960 and an M.S. from Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana in 1968.
Hall served as a member of the Indiana House of Representatives 1974–1976 and a member of the Indiana Senate 1976–1982. She was a delegate to the Democratic Mini Convention in Memphis, Tennessee, in 1978. Hall chaired the Indiana State Democratic convention in 1980. Following the sudden death of Congressman Adam Benjamin, Jr.
in September 1982, Hall won a special election to fill the vacancy. She
was appointed the Democratic nominee over more experienced candidates
by the black mayor of Gary, Indiana who was also serving as the head of
the 1st District’s Democratic committee. She would go on to defeat the
Republican candidate (who spent just $10,000 in his campaign) in the
1982 general election by only 56% to 43% despite it being an
overwhelmingly Democratic district.
In her first Democratic primary in 1984, she faced two white candidates, former Benjamin aide Peter Visclosky
and Lake County prosecutor Jack Crawford. Many thought Visclosky and
Crawford would split the anti-Hall vote, but Visclosky prevailed with
34% to Hall’s 33% and Crawford’s 31%. Hall ultimately served as a Democrat in the last months the 97th Congress and the entire term of the 98th Congress. Hall led the Capitol Hill drive to make Martin Luther King, Jr.‘s birthday a national holiday. On November 2, 1983, President Ronald Reagan signed the bill into law.
Following her primary defeat she became vice chair of the Gary, Indiana
Housing Board of Commissioners. She later served as city clerk of Gary,
Indiana from 1985 to 1993. In both 1988 and 1990 she made unsuccessful
attempts against Visclosky in the Democratic primaries.
In May 2002, Hall, again serving as Gary City Clerk, and her
daughter, Chief Deputy Clerk Junifer Hall, were indicted by a federal
grand jury on charges of racketeering, conspiracy to commit
racketeering, extortion, and mail fraud. Junifer Hall was also charged
with five counts of perjury. Katie Hall eventually pleaded guilty to
mail fraud and was sentenced to house arrest and probation. Junifer Hall
was sentenced to 16 months in federal prison.[1]
Katie Hall died on February 20, 2012 at 11:23 A.M., of heart failure.
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Steve Kordek, American pinball machine designer died he was 100

Steve Kordek  was an American businessman of Polish descent who was best known for the design of the pinball machines.

(December 26, 1911 – February 19, 2012)

Kordek is credited with designing over 100 pinball machines. The last game Kordek helped design was 2003’s Vacation America, based on the National Lampoon’s Vacation movies.[1] Among the companies that Kordek designed for are Genco, Williams and Bally.
Kordek was credited with many innovations to pinball machines. He revised the pin game
machines of the 1930s by putting two inward-facing flippers at the
bottom of the playing field that were controlled by two buttons on the
side of the machine.[1] Other innovations still used today are drop targets and multi-ball mode.
Kordek died on February 19, 2012, at age 100.[2]

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Walter Bonatti, Italian mountain climber, died he was 81.

Walter Bonatti  was an Italian mountain climber. He is noted for a solo climb of a new route on the south-west pillar of the Aiguille du Dru in August 1955 and the first solo winter ascent of the Matterhorn north face in 1965.

(22 June 1930 – Rome, 13 September 2011)

Life and career


Bonatti on Gasherbrum IV summit, 1958

Bonatti was born in Bergamo. Famed for his climbing panache, he pioneered little known and technically difficult climbs in the Alps, Himalayas and Patagonia. At the age of 21, Bonatti in 1951 made the first ascent of the Grand Capucin, an extraordinary red granite pinnacle in the Mont Blanc massif,
from 20 to 23 July. This was the climb that brought him to public
notice. Aged 18, he had made the fourth ascent of the formidable North Face of the Grandes Jorasses
with very poor equipment over a period of two days. Among his notable
climbs were a solo climb of a new route on the south-west pillar of the Aiguille du Dru in August 1955,[1] the first ever ascent of Gasherbrum IV in 1958[2] and the first solo winter ascent of the Matterhorn north face in 1965. Bonatti was awarded the French Legion d’Honneur for saving the lives of two fellow-climbers in a disaster in the Alps. He authored a number of books about climbing and mountaineering. Bonatti died of pancreatic cancer[3] in Rome on 13 September 2011 at the age of 81.[4]

K2 controversy

Bonatti was at the center of a climbing controversy about the first ascent of K2 by Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni. Along with Hunza
climber Amir Mahdi, he carried oxygen cylinders to Lacedelli and
Compagnoni at Camp IX for the summit attempt. Bonatti was later accused
by Compagnoni of using some of the oxygen, causing the climbers to run
out of oxygen on summit day. Using this supplemental oxygen would have
been impossible for Bonatti, as he had neither mask nor regulator.
Bonatti would cite two summit photos to support his response that
Compagnoni had lied about running out of oxygen in route to the summit.
Although Bonatti’s account of the bivouac is supported by Lacedelli in K2: The Price of Conquest
(2004), Lacedelli contends that the oxygen had in fact run out.
However, he attributes this not to Bonatti’s alleged use of the oxygen,
but to the physical exertion of the climb causing the summit climbers to
use more oxygen than expected.[citation needed]
Another aspect of the controversy was the Bonatti-Mahdi forced
bivouac of July 30, 1954. Compagnoni’s decision to place the final camp
(IX) at a higher location than previously agreed caused the problem.
When Bonatti and Mahdi climbed up to deliver oxygen to Compagnoni and
Lacedelli for their summit attempt, Mahdi’s condition had deteriorated.
Unable to descend with Mahdi, Bonatti needed the shelter of Camp IX’s
tent. The tent was placed high up, over a dangerous traverse to the left
– not at the agreed location. Unable to traverse safely to the tent,
Bonatti and Mahdi endured a forced bivouac in the open at 8100 meters;
it cost Mahdi his fingers and toes. Compagnoni gave the reasonable
explanation that his decision to move the tent was to avoid an
overhanging serac.[citation needed]
However, it is argued that he also had an ulterior motive: to avoid
Walter Bonatti. Bonatti was in the best physical condition of all the
climbers and the natural choice to make the summit attempt. If he had
joined the summit team, he would likely have done so without the use of
supplemental oxygen. If he had succeeded, any summit by Compagnoni would
have been eclipsed. Although the Bonatti-Mahdi forced bivouac was not
anticipated, Compagnoni intended to discourage Bonatti from reaching the
tent. At 6:10 pm the next evening, Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli
reached the summit of K2, using the supplemental oxygen Bonatti and
Mahdi had brought them. Ardito Desio,
in his final report, mentioned the forced bivouac only in passing.
Mahdi’s frostbite was an embarrassment to the expedition. The Italian
government provided Mahdi with a small pension for his contribution and
sacrifice on the first ascent of K2. Bonatti never reconciled with
Compagnoni, owing to Compagnoni’s allegedly false accusation that
Bonatti used the oxygen intended for the summit attempt. He wanted to
climb K2 “solo, alpine style, and without oxygen”.[5] He might well have succeeded. Two decades later, Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler astonished the mountaineering world by climbing Mount Everest without bottled oxygen.[citation needed]

Mountaineering achievements

Books

The Mountaineering Books of Walter Bonatti

  • Le Mie Montagne (My Mountains), Walter Bonatti, Bologna: Zanichelli, 1961
  • I Giorni Grandi (The Great Days), Walter Bonatti, Verona: Arnoldo Mondadori Editore, 1971
  • Magia del Monte Bianco (Magic of Mont Blanc), Walter Bonatti, Como: Massimo Baldini Editore, 1984
  • Processo al K2 (Trial on K2), Walter Bonatti, Como: Massimo Baldini Editore, 1985
  • La Mia Patagonia (My Patagonia), Walter Bonatti, Como: Massimo Baldini Editore, 1986
  • Un Modo di Essere (A way of Living), Walter Bonatti, Milan: dall’Oglio Editore, 1989
  • K2-Storia di un Caso (K2 – The Story of a Court Case), Walter Bonatti, Bergamo: Ferrari Editrice, 1995
  • Montagne di Una Vita (Mountains of a Life), Walter Bonatti, Milan: Baldini & Castoldi, 1995
  • K2-Storia di un Caso (K2 – The Story of a Court Case), Walter Bonatti, 2d ed. Milan: Baldini & Castoldi, 1996
  • In terre lontane, Walter Bonatti, Baldini & Castoldi, Milano, 1998 [1st ed 1997]
  • The Mountains of my Life, Walter Bonatti, Modern Library, 2001. ISBN 0-375-75640-X
  • K2. La verità. 1954-2004, Walter Bonatti, 2005, Baldini Castoldi Dalai editore. ISBN 88-8490-845-0.
  • K2. Lies and Treachery, Robert Marshall, 2009, Carreg Ltd. UK. ISBN 978-0-9538631-7-4.

Other

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Wade Mainer, American bluegrass musician, died at heart failure he was 104

Wade Mainer  was an American singer and banjoist died at heart failure he was 104..

(April 21, 1907 – September 12, 2011)

With his band, the Sons of the Mountaineers, he is credited with bridging the gap between old-time mountain music and Bluegrass and is sometimes called the “Grandfather of Bluegrass.” In addition, he innovated a two-finger banjo fingerpicking style, which was a precursor to modern three-finger bluegrass styles.
Originally from North Carolina,
Mainer’s main influences came from the mountain music of his family. In
a career that began in 1934 and spanned almost six decades, Mainer
transitioned from being a member of his brother’s band into the founder
of his own ensemble, the Sons of the Mountaineers, with whom he
performed until 1953, when he became more deeply involved with his
Christianity and left the music industry. After working at a General
Motors factory and attending gospel
revivals, Mainer was convinced that he should restart his career as a
Christian gospel musician and began to tour with his wife in this
capacity. He continued to release albums until 1993.

Personal life

Mainer was born near Weaverville, North Carolina, on a mountain farm in Buncombe County on April 21, 1907.[2] His family was poor during his childhood and they lived in a log cabin in the Blue Ridge Mountains.
Mainer credited his father who was, in Mainer’s words, “a good singer –
real stout voice”, as of one of his influences. During his career as a
musical artist, Mainer would perform many of the old songs that he had
heard from his father.[3]
Mainer grew up listening to traditional mountain music and was largely influenced by his brother-in-law Roscoe Banks.[2] He first learned to play the banjo at square dances, where he would pick up instruments left by performers and practice on them.[4] After moving to Concord, North Carolina and working in a series of jobs at cotton mills, he became a part of his brother J.E.’s band, known as J. E. Mainer’s Mountaineers. His entry into the band in 1934 marked the beginning of a nearly six-decade career in music.[2]
J.E. played the fiddle while Wade performed on the banjo for the string
band, and they played at fiddlers’ conventions and other gatherings.[3]
Mainer married Julia Brown in 1937, shortly after forming his own band. Brown was a singer and guitarist popularly know at the time as Hillbilly Lilly. She had performed from 1935 until 1937 at WSJS Radio in Winston Salem. Brown is considered to be a pioneering female musical artist and later joined Mainer during his performances.[4]

Musical career

Mainer’s first recordings came in 1934 and are compiled on Ragged But Right: 30’s Country Bands. Mainer performed with The Mountaineers on tracks such as Maple on the Hill, Seven and a Half and Johnson’s Old Grey Mule. Also included on the compilation are Mainer’s later collaboration Short Life and It’s Trouble with Zeke Morris, his solo effort Riding on That Train 45 and a sample song Mitchell Blues from his band the Sons of the Mountaineers.[5]
Throughout his career, he was noted for his unique and innovative
two-finger banjo fingerpicking style, which some view as a precursor to
three finger bluegrass banjo styles.[2] Mainer took jobs at local radio stations to increase the visibility of his relative’s ensemble, recording classics such as Take Me in the Lifeboat. During this time, he appeared on many regional stations including WBT in Charlotte, WPTF in Raleigh, WNOX in Knoxville and WPAQ in Mount Airy.[4]
Mainer performed in a series of live radio shows with The Mountaineers, sponsored by Crazy Water Crystals laxatives. In 1934, J.W. Fincher, the head of the company, observed their popularity at the first gig, the Crazy Water Crystal Barn Dance, a radio program out of Charlotte. Under the name J. E. Mainer’s Crazy Mountaineers, they toured the American South on live radio shows and recorded fourteen songs for Bluebird Records. Maple on the Hill, which according to the National Endowment for the Arts was their biggest hit, had originally been composed in the 1890s by Gussie L. Davis.[3]
Mainer was in his brother J.E.’s band for two years, until he left
for more traditional work, which at the time was far more profitable
than his musical career. Making only five dollars a week under
sponsorship, Mainer found that he could earn up to three times as much
working at a yarn mill, which he described as being “gold” for the era.[4] After leaving his brother’s group in 1936, he began to perform duet
work with Zeke Morris, who was a fellow band mate from The
Mountaineers. After a time working on this project, Mainer left to form
the short-lived “Smilin’ Rangers” which later became “Sons of the
Pioneers”. Zeke Morris then got together with his brother Wiley to form The Morris Brothers.[2]

Sons of the Mountaineers

Mainer named this new band Sons of the Mountaineers. Its initial lineup included Jay Hugh Hall and Clyde Moody as guitarists with Steve Ledford as a fiddler.
Among the musicians who would join the group later were Jack and Curly
Shelton, Tiny Dodson, Red Rector and Fred Smith. The band got its start
performing on the radio and recording songs for Bluebird Records and
their first hit, entitled “Sparkling Blue Eyes” was recorded in 1939.[2] From 1935 through 1941, Mainer recorded over 165 songs for the record label RCA Victor in various lineups, ranking him among one of the most prolifically recorded country music artists of that period.[3]
The Sons of the Mountaineers briefly stopped playing during World War II because Mainer could not afford to squander the valuable gasoline required for the journey to the radio stations.[2] One notable exception, however, came in 1942, when they were invited to the White House by Eleanor Roosevelt.[6] There in Washington D.C., they played several tunes, including “Down in the Willow Garden“, a song personally requested by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.[4] During this time, they also appeared in a version of The Chisholm Trail in New York.
At wars’ end, the band was reorganized and once again began to play at
stations across North Carolina. Recordings at this time were sporadic,
due to the declining popularity of the genre. In 1953, after having
renewed his commitment to Christianity, Mainer left the group and exited the industry for a time.[2][7]

Later life

In 1953, Mainer and his wife settled in Flint, Michigan, where he found work at a General Motors
factory. Although renouncing both the music industry and his trademark
instrument, the banjo, he and Julia did continue to sing at gospel revival meetings. In the early 1960s, Molly O’Day
convinced him that he could use the banjo in gospel recordings, which
spurred a series of religiously-theme banjo albums beginning in 1961. He
also began to record and tour with his wife.[2]
Mainer retired from General Motors in 1973.[8] Mainer has been credited with bridging the gap between old-time mountain music and Bluegrass and musicians such as Bill Monroe, Ralph Stanley and Doc Watson have all cited Mainer as a source of influence. He has also been called the “Grandfather of Bluegrass.”[4] His influence was not limited to the United States. Pete Smith, of the British newspaper The Advertiser,
in a report for Mainer’s 100th birthday, cited Mainer as “one of the
most influential figures in the development of modern bluegrass,” noting
his picking style and his efforts in bringing bluegrass closer to the
mainstream. In addition, Smith also credits him for making the banjo, an
instrument previously described as “satanic,” acceptable for spiritually-themed music.[9]
Mainer continued to live with his wife in Flint, where he celebrated
his centenary in 2007 and performed at a concert for his 101st birthday
in 2008.[6][10] Mainer died of congestive heart failure on September 12, 2011. He was 104.

Awards and honours

In 1987, president Ronald Reagan bestowed upon him a National Heritage Fellowship for his contributions to American music.[2] In 1996 he received the Michigan Heritage Award and the Michigan
Country Music Association and Services’ Lifetime Achievement Award. In
1998 both he and his wife were inducted into the Michigan Country Music
Hall of Fame, while Mainer received North Carolina’s Surry Arts Council
Lifetime Achievement.[4]

Original discography

Wade Mainer/Zeke Morris

Matrix Title Record # Recording date
99133 “Come Back To Your Dobie Shack” Bluebird 6551 February 14, 1936
99134 “Just As the Sun Went Down” Bluebird 6383 February 14, 1936
99135 “What Would You Give In Exchange” Bluebird 8073 February 14, 1936
99136 “Bring Me a Leaf From the Sea” Bluebird 6347 February 14, 1936
99137 “Brown Eyes” Bluebird 6347 February 14, 1936
99138 “Maple On the Hill – Part 2″ Bluebird 6293 February 15, 1936
99139 “Going To Georgia” Bluebird 6423 February 15, 1936
99140 “Nobody’s Darling But Mine” Bluebird 6423 February 15, 1936
99141 “Mother Came to Get Her Boy Back From Jail” Bluebird 6383 February 15, 1936
99142 “Where the Red, Red Roses Grow” Bluebird 6293 February 15, 1936
102612 “My Cradle Days” Bluebird 6489 June 15, 1936
102613 “Gathering Flowers From the Hillside” Bluebird 6489 June 15, 1936
102614 “My Mother Is Waiting” Bluebird 6551 June 15, 1936
102615 “If I Could Hear My Mother Pray Again” Bluebird 6460 June 15, 1936
102616 “Nobody’s Darling On Earth” Bluebird 6460 June 15, 1936
102617 “Shake Hands With Your Mother” Bluebird 6596 June 15, 1936
2530 “They Said My Lord Was A Devil” Bluebird 6653 October 12, 1936
2531 “Won’t Somebody Pal With Me” Bluebird 6704 October 12, 1936
2532 “Hop Along Peter” Bluebird 6752 October 12, 1936
2533 “Just One Way To the Pearly Gates” Bluebird 6784 October 12, 1936
2534 “Dear Daddy, You’re Gone Bluebird 6752 October 12, 1936
2535 “Been Foolin’ Me, Baby” Bluebird 6704 October 12, 1936
2536 “I’ll Be a Friend of Jesus” Bluebird 6784 October 12, 1936
2537 “Cowboy’s Pony In Heaven” Bluebird 6653 October 12, 1936
7051 “Little Birdie” Bluebird 6840 February 16, 1937
7052 “I’ve Always Been a Rambler” Bluebird 6890 February 16, 1937
7053 “I’m Starting Life A New With You” Bluebird 6840 February 16, 1937
7054 “Little Rosebuds” Bluebird 6993 February 16, 1937
7055 “Train Carry My Gal Back Home” Bluebird 6890 February 16, 1937
7056 “In the Land Beyond the Blue” Bluebird 6936 February 16, 1937
7057 “A Change All Around” Bluebird 6993 February 16, 1937
7058 “Short Life and It’s Trouble” Bluebird 6936 February 16, 1937
11812 “The Dying Boy’s Prayer” Bluebird 7165 August 2, 1937
11813 “Free Again” Bluebird 7114 August 2, 1937
11814 “Answer To Two Little Rosebuds” Bluebird 7114 August 2, 1937
11815 “I’m Not Turning Backward” Bluebird 7165 August 2, 1937
11820 “Riding On That Train 45″ Bluebird 7298 August 2, 1937
11821 “Little Maggie” Bluebird 7201 August 2, 1937
11822 “Little Pal” Bluebird 7201 August 2, 1937
11823 “Down In the Willow” Bluebird 7298/Victor 27497 August 2, 1937

Wade Mainer’s Smilin’ Rangers

Matrix Title Record # Recording date
11825 “Ramshackle Shack” Bluebird 7274 August 2, 1937
11826 “Memory Lane” Bluebird 7274 August 2, 1937
11827 “Wild Bill Jones” Bluebird 7249 August 2, 1937
11828 “I Want To Be Loved” Bluebird 7249 August 2, 1937
11816 “What Are You Goin’ To Do Brother” Bluebird 7384 August 3, 1937
11817 “Companions Draw Nigh” Bluebird 7384 August 3, 1937
11818 “Mountain Sweetheart” Bluebird 7587 August 3, 1937
11819 “Don’t Forget Me, Little Darling” Bluebird 7587 August 3, 1937

Wade Mainer and his Sons of the Mountaineers

Matrix Title Record # Recording date
18763 “Lonely Tomb” Bluebird 7424 January 27, 1938
18764 “Pale Moonlight” Bluebird 7483 January 27, 1938
18765 “All My Friends” Bluebird 7424 January 27, 1938
18766 “Since I Met My Mother-In-Law” Bluebird 7742 January 27, 1938
18767 “Don’t Get Too Deep In Love” Bluebird 7483 January 27, 1938
18768 “Don’t Leave Me Alone” Bluebird 7561 January 27, 1938
18769 “I Won’t Be Worried” Bluebird 7561 January 27, 1938
18770 “Where Romance Calls” Bluebird 7753 January 27, 1938
18771 “Another Alabama Camp Meetin'” Bluebird 7753 January 27, 1938
18772 “Mitchell Blues” Bluebird 7845 January 27, 1938
26981 “Father Along” Bluebird 8023 September 26, 1938
26982 “Dear Loving Mother and Dad” Bluebird 8152 September 26, 1938
26983 “Can’t Tell About These Women” Bluebird 7965 September 26, 1938
26984 “That Kind” Bluebird 7861 September 26, 1938
26985 “If I Had Listened To Mother” Bluebird 8137 September 26, 1938
26986 “She Is Spreading Her Wings For A Journey” Bluebird 8023 September 26, 1938
26987 “The Same Old You and Me” Bluebird 7924 September 26, 1938
26988 “Life’s Evenin’ Sun” Bluebird 8007 September 26, 1938
26998 “You’re Awfully Mean To Me” Bluebird 7861 September 26, 1938
26999 “Home In the Sky” Bluebird 8007 September 26, 1938
27700 “A Little Love” Bluebird 7924 September 26, 1938
27701 “North Carolina Moon” Bluebird 8628 September 26, 1938
27702 “More Good Women Gone Wrong” Bluebird 7965 September 26, 1938
32625 “Sparkling Blue Eyes” Bluebird 8042 February 4, 1939
32626 “We Will Miss Him” Bluebird 8042 February 4, 1939
32627 “I Left My Home In the Mountains” Bluebird 8091 February 4, 1939
32628 “I Met Her At A Ball One Night” Bluebird 8091 February 4, 1939
32629 “You May Forsake Me” Bluebird 8120 February 4, 1939
32630 “Look On and Cry” Bluebird 8120 February 4, 1939
32631 “One Little Kiss” Bluebird 8145 February 4, 1939
32632 “Mama, Don’t Make Me Go To Bed” Bluebird 8145 February 4, 1939
32633 “Crying Holy” Bluebird 8203 February 4, 1939
32634 “Heaven Bells Are Ringing” Bluebird 8203 February 4, 1939
41200 “Sparkling Blue Eyes No.2″ Bluebird 8249 August 21, 1939
41201 “The Poor Drunkard’s Dream” Bluebird 8273 August 21, 1939
41202 “Were You There” Bluebird 8273 August 21, 1939
41203 “The Gospel Cannon Ball” Bluebird 8249 August 21, 1939
41204 “The Great and Final Judgement” Bluebird 8288 August 21, 1939
41205 “What a Wonderful Savior Is He” Bluebird 8288 August 21, 1939
41206 “Why Not Make Heaven Your Home” Bluebird 8340 August 21, 1939
41207 “Mansions In the Sky” Bluebird 8340 August 21, 1939
41208 “Not a Word of That Be Said” Bluebird 8359 August 21, 1939
41209 “Drifting Through an Unfriendly World” Bluebird 8359 August 21, 1939
71014 “Shake My Mother’s Hands For Me” Bluebird 8848 September 29, 1941
71015 “Anywhere Is Home” Bluebird 8965 September 29, 1941
71016 “I Can Tell You the Time” Bluebird 8965 September 29, 1941
71017 “He Gave His Life” Bluebird 8887 September 29, 1941
71018 “Ramblin’ Boy Bluebird 8990 September 29, 1941
71019 “The Precious Jewel” Bluebird 8887 September 29, 1941
71020 “Old Ruben” Bluebird 8990 September 29, 1941
71021 “Precious Memories” Bluebird 8848 September 29, 1941

Other discography

Studio albums

  • 1961: Soulful Sacred Songs
  • 1971: Sacred Songs of Mother and Home
  • 1973: The Songs of Wade Mainer
  • 1976: From the Maple to the Hill
  • 1980: Old Time Songs
  • 1984: Old Time Banjo Tunes
  • 1987: In the Land of Melody
  • 1989: How Sweet to Walk
  • 1990: String Band Music
  • 1993: Old Time Gospel Favorites
  • 1993: Carolina Mule[7]

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Ralph Lomma, American mini golf entrepreneur, died he was 87.

Ralph John Lomma is often credited, along with his brother, Al, with popularizing miniature golf in the mid 1950s through their design and manufacture of now famous obstacles such as castles, clown heads and windmills died he was 87..[2][3] Lomma Enterprises, which Ralph Lomma founded, is still in business today.
(March 13, 1924 – September 12, 2011)

History

In 1959, he engineered the development of Elk Mountain, Pennsylvania into a ski resort and in 1961, Lomma founded the Village of Four Seasons, Pennsylvania.
Lomma Enterprises is the world’s largest supplier for the pint-size
sport, with courses in all 50 states and five continents. Lomma claimed
that one course was built in a federal penitentiary and another aboard
an aircraft carrier, nearly 6,000 miniature golf courses in all.
In the 1980s, Lomma was appointed by Ronald Reagan to the Coast Guard Commission and sat on the board of directors of Allied Artists film company, at that time involved with the production of The Wild Geese, starring Richard Harris, and Cabaret starring Liza Minnelli.
To see more of who died in 2011 click here


Mohammed Ghani Hikmat, Iraqi sculptor, died from kidney failure he was 82

Mohammad Ghani Hikmat,   was an Iraqi sculptor and artist credited with creating some of Baghdad‘s highest profile sculptures and monuments died from kidney failure he was 82..

(1929 – September 12, 2011)

His best known works include the Victory Arch and two statues of Queen Scheherazade and King Shahryar, located on Aby Nuwas Street.[1] Hikmat also spearheaded the recovery of art looted from the National Museum of Iraq in the aftermath of the 2003 invasion of Iraq and fall of Saddam Hussein.[1]
Hikmut was born in 1929 in Baghdad’s Kadumiya neighborhood.[1]
He graduated from the Fine Arts Institute in Baghdad in 1953, before
completing his studies in 1957 at the Academy of Fine Arts in Rome, Italy.[1] Hikmut joined the Baghdad Group for Modern Art in 1953 and the Al-Zawiya Group (meaning The Corner) in 1967.
Mohammed Ghani Hikmat died in Amman, Jordan, where he was receiving medical treatment, on September 12, 2011, at the age of 82.[1]
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Alexander Galimov, Russian ice hockey player, died from injuries sustained in the 2011 Lokomotiv Yaroslavl air disaster he was 26

Alexander Saidgereyevich Galimov  was a Russian professional ice hockey player died from injuries sustained in the 2011 Lokomotiv Yaroslavl air disaster he was 26. . At the time of his death, he was a member of Lokomotiv Yaroslavl of the Kontinental Hockey League (KHL) [1] whose team plane crashed on September 7, 2011.

( May 2, 1985 – September 12, 2011)

Playing career

Alexander Galimov was born in 1985 in Yaroslavl, then the Soviet Union. He began his professional career in 2004 with Lokomotiv Yaroslavl. The 6-foot, 196-pounder, played 341 RSL/KHL games, scoring 64 goals and 126 points, while racking up 280 penalty minutes.
Galimov was a member of the silver-medal winning Russian U20 team at the 2005 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships. He also played for the Russia men’s national ice hockey team on the 2009–10 and 2010–11 Euro Hockey Tours.

Lokomotiv Yaroslavl plane crash

On September 7, 2011, a Yakovlev Yak-42 passenger aircraft, carrying nearly the entire Lokomotiv Yaroslavl team including Galimov, crashed just outside Yaroslavl, Russia. The team was traveling to Minsk
to play their opening game of the season, with its coaching staff and
prospects. Galimov was the only player from the team’s roster to survive
the initial impact. A crew member, Alexander Sizov, also survived.
Galimov suffered burns to over 90 percent of his body.[6]
The medical team in Yaroslavl managed to stabilize him, and on the
following day, September 8, he was transported to the Vishnevsky
Institute of Surgery of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, where
he was placed in a medically induced coma, and on artificial ventilation.[7]
On September 12, 2011, Galimov died from the burns he had sustained in the crash.[8][9] Lokomotiv Yaroslavl marketing manager
Yevgeni Chuev said it was likely that another memorial, this time
specifically for Galimov, would be held on September 13, 2011.[10]

Career statistics

Regular season Playoffs
Season Team League GP G A Pts PIM GP G A Pts PIM
2004–05 Lokomotiv Yaroslavl RSL 41 1 1 2 37 9 0 0 0 0
2005–06 Lokomotiv Yaroslavl RSL 35 5 3 8 46 11 3 0 3 2
2006–07 Lokomotiv Yaroslavl RSL 54 16 13 29 50 7 1 1 2 10
2007–08 Lokomotiv Yaroslavl RSL 51 9 9 18 45 10 0 0 0 14
2008–09 Lokomotiv Yaroslavl KHL 55 7 6 13 28 19 2 2 4 8
2009–10 Lokomotiv Yaroslavl KHL 52 13 12 25 46 16 8 6 14 33
2010–11 Lokomotiv Yaroslavl KHL 53 13 18 31 31 18 9 5 14 10
RSL/KHL totals 341 64 62 126 283 90 23 14 37 77
Medal record
Competitor for Russia Russia
Men’s ice hockey
World Junior Championships
Silver 2005 USA

International

Year Team Event Place GP G A Pts PIM
2005 Russia WJC 2 6 1 2 3 0
Junior totals 6 1 2 3 0

See also

To see more of who died in 2011 click here


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