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Archive for January 9, 2011

Robert Lipshutz, American politician, White House Counsel (1977–1979) died due to a pulmonary embolism he was , 88

Robert Jerome Lipshutz  was an American attorney who served first as the national campaign treasurer for Jimmy Carter‘s successful 1976 run for the United States Presidency and then as the White House Counsel from 1977 to 1979 during Carter’s administration  died due to a pulmonary embolism he was , 88. He played a back channel role in the negotiations between Egypt and Israel that led to the signing of the Camp David Accords in 1978.

(December 27, 1921 – November 6, 2010)

Lipshutz was born on December 27, 1921, in Atlanta and attended Boys High School. He earned his undergraduate degree from theUniversity of Georgia and was awarded a law degree from the University of Georgia School of Law in 1943.[1] He served in the United States Army during World War II and worked as a lawyer in Atlanta after completing his military service, opening a law office in 1947.[2]
Lipshutz first met Carter in 1966 when he was running an ultimately unsuccessful bid in the Democratic Party primary against Lester Maddox. When Carter ran for governor in 1970 and won the race, he named Lipshutz to serve on the state’s Board of Human Resources. He served as Carter’s campaign treasurer during the 1976 Presidential Election and was named as White House Counsel after Carter took office, part of the “Georgia Mafia” that followed Carter into his administration.[2]
As White House counsel, Lipshutz advised the president to commute the sentence of G. Gordon Liddy, convicted as part of the Watergate scandal, an act that was described as being “in the interest of equity and fairness”. He also lobbied on behalf of naming a greater proportion of minorities to positions as judges and in the executive branch. Lipshutz drafted a revised policy regarding affirmative action that was ultimately accepted by the Supreme Court of the United States in its decision in the case Regents of the University of California v. Bakkeregarding a race-based admission policy at the UC Davis School of Medicine that the plaintiff claimed cost him a spot at the school in which the court ruled that racial quotas were unacceptable, but that affirmative action was allowed.[2]
During the negotiations between President of Egypt Anwar El Sadat and Prime Minister of Israel Menachem Begin at Camp David, Lipshutz provided input from leaders of major Jewish organizations regarding the peace process. In a statement issued by the former president, Carter said that Lipshutz’s “insights played a key role in many White House initiatives and decisions” at Camp David and at other points during his presidency, including his part in the drafting of the presidential order that led to the creation of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C.[2] After leaving the White House in October 1979, he was replaced by Lloyd Cutler.[3]
Lipshutz served as a trustee of the Atlanta Jewish Federation and the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, as well as of the Carter Center established by the former president.[1]
A resident of Atlanta, he died at the Atlanta Hospice at the age of 88 on November 6, 2010, due to a pulmonary embolism. He was survived by his second wife, Betty Beck, as well as by three daughters and a son from his first marriage, two stepchildren and nine great-grandchildren. His first wife had died in 1970.[2]

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Siddhartha Shankar Ray, Indian politician, Chief Minister of West Bengal (1972–1977), Governor of Punjab (1986–1989), died of renal failure.he was , 90

Siddhartha Shankar Ray  was an Indian politician belonging to the Indian National Congress died of renal failure.he was , 90. He was a prominent barrister, Punjab Governor and Education minister of India.[1][2][3] He was also the ambassador of India to the United States of America[4][5] and served as the Chief Minister of West Bengal from 1972 to 1977.[6]

(20 October 1920 – 6 November 2010) 


Ray’s father, Sudhir Kumar Ray, was a well known barrister of Calcutta High Court and mother Aparna Devi, was the eldest daughter of the nationalist leader ‘Deshbandhu’ Chittaranjan Dasand Basanti Devi. His younger sister is Justice Manjula Bose, one of the first two women judges of the Calcutta High Court. Ray was married to Maya Ray, who grew up in England, who was once referred to as “a noted barrister and former elected official” by Thomas J. Manton, a now deceased member of the United States House of Representatives.
Ray was educated at Presidency College, Calcutta, and then was called to the Bar in England. While in college, he was Captain the Presidency College cricket team. He was a university triple blue in sports.
Ray died on 6 November 2010 at the age of 90 from renal failure.[7] He is survived by his wife Maya.
Ray started his career as a barrister in the Calcutta High Court. Later, helped by Ashoke Kumar Sen, he started his political career as the Cabinet Minister of Judicial Affairs in Bidhan Chandra Ray‘s cabinet in West Bengal. Later, through the 1960s he rose rapidly in Indian national level politics in Delhi to became the Union Cabinet Minister of Education & Youth Services for the Government of India.
After the Congress won the General Election of 1972, he became the Chief Minister of West Bengal from March 19, 1972 to June 21, 1977. He took office shortly after the Bangladesh Liberation War, and his administration was faced with the massive problem of resettling over a million refugees in various parts of the state. The civic services of Calcutta in particular found rehabilitation of the Bangladeshi refugees to be an uphill task, but the state government, under Ray’s guidance, performed this task with much credit.
Later, he had the distinction of serving as the Governor of Punjab from April 2, 1986 to December 8, 1989. When the Congress came back to power once again in Delhi in 1991, Ray was sent as India’s Ambassador to the United States. He remained in the USA from 1992 to 1996. His tenure in Washington was widely considered to be very successful.

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