Peter Christopherson, British musician (Coil, Throbbing Gristle) and graphic artist died he was , 55
Peter Christopherson, a.k.a. Sleazy was a musician, video director and designer, and former member of the influential British design agency Hipgnosis died he was , 55.
He was one of the original members of the Industrial Records band, Throbbing Gristle. After Throbbing Gristle he participated in the foundation of Psychic TV along with Geoffrey Rushton, aka John Balance. After his short time in Psychic TV, Christopherson formed Coil along with Balance, which lasted just under 23 years, until Balance died of a fall in their Weston-Super-Mare home. Christopherson participated in the reuniting of Throbbing Gristle and he composed an album for his solo endeavour The Threshold HouseBoys Choir.
(27 February 1955 – 25 November 2010)
Prior to his musical career, Peter Christopherson was a commercial artist, designer, and photographer. Notably, he was one of the three partners of the album cover design group Hipgnosis, which was responsible for many notable album covers of the 1970s. Christopherson remained involved with commercial art through his later musical career as a director of music videos and television commercials.
Born in Leeds, Christopherson was a founding member of Throbbing Gristle who are credited with creating the industrial music genre before disbanding in 1981. Throbbing Gristle members Chris Carter and Cosey Fanni Tutti formed their own group while Peter Christopherson and TG’s other member Genesis P-Orridge formed Psychic TV along with other musicians. John Balance met Christopherson as a Throbbing Gristle fan and the two became partners. Christopherson worked on the first two Psychic TV albums, Force The Hand Of Chance and Dreams Less Sweet, joined by Balance on the second one. The two performed live several times with Psychic TV then formed their own project, Coil. Along with Chris Carter, Christopherson has personally documented on his MySpace blog (with photographic evidence) of having played a custom-made (for him) keyboard-triggered sampler before the first sampler (Fairlight) was available in UK. While not the first sampler, this was a major step towards the use of samplers in live performance, as noted by Christopherson himself.
Despite Christopherson’s long and extensive history as a musical artist, he only released two tracks under the name Peter Christopherson. The first, “In My Head A Crystal Sphere Of Heavy Fluid”, appeared on the compilation Foxtrot, a benefit album for former partner John Balance’s rehabilitation from alcohol addiction while the second, “All Possible Numbers”, appeared eleven years later on Autumn Blood (Constructions).
In 2005, Christopherson relocated from England to Bangkok, Thailand and undertook the project The Threshold HouseBoy’s Choir. He also released the final Coil CDs: The Ape Of Naples, The Remote Viewer, Black Antlers, The New Backwards, and reissued Musick To Play In The Dark Vol. 1 and Musick To Play In The Dark Vol. 2, which were formerly being manufactured in England.
2005 also marked the reuniting of Throbbing Gristle for a few concerts. Throbbing Gristle announced a new album Part Two. The group announced several additional concerts in 2007 to promote the album.
In 2007 Christopherson released the debut album of his solo effort The Threshold HouseBoys Choir. The album, Form Grows Rampant, is broken down into five “parts” or songs, and includes a DVD of the album set to video of Thai rituals in Krabi. He was a guest and jury head of the 2007 Melbourne Underground Film Festival.
In 2008 Christopherson and Ivan Pavlov (aka COH) started a new project called Soisong. The band officially premiered in Tokyo on 9 March 2008 and later toured Europe with several shows, having self-released their debut EP. In April of the same year Christopherson and Pavlov, alongside David Tibet, Othon Mataragas and Ernesto Tomasini, performed a live soundtrack for Derek Jarman‘s The Angelic Conversation in Turin, Italy.
Christopherson died in his sleep on November 25, 2010.
Solo as Peter Christopherson
- “In My Head A Crystal Sphere Of Heavy Fluid” on Foxtrot (1998)
- “All Possible Numbers” on Autumn Blood (Constructions) (2009)
Solo as The Threshold HouseBoys Choir
- …It Just Is compilation contains the track “Mahil Athal Nadrach”. (CD) (2005)
- X-Rated: The Dark Files compilation contains the track “So Young It Knows No Maturing”. (CD) (2006)
- Form Grows Rampant debut album. (CD+DVD) (2007)
- Brainwaves 2008 compilation contains “Cap Rot Taxi” (CD) (2008)
- Amulet Edition limited release (200 pcs) 4 mini-cds in Amulet package (CD) (2008)
- Soijin-No-Hi Octagonal CDEP / free download EP from http://www.soisong.com from March (2008)
- xAj3z Octagonal CD housed in fold out custom sleeve with colour inlay (2009)
With Psychic TV
- Force The Hand Of Chance
- Just Drifting
- Dreams Less Sweet
- Berlin Atonal Vol. 1
- Berlin Atonal Vol. 2
- N.Y. Scum
- Thee City Ov Tokyo/Thee City Ov New York
|Date of release||Song title||Released on||Group name released under||Musical role|
|1980||“First/Last”||Something For Nobody||Monte Cazazza||featuring (technical supervision)|
|1982||Seven Songs||23 Skidoo||featuring (production)|
|1992||“First/Last”||The Worst Of Monte Cazazza||Monte Cazazza||featuring (technical supervision)|
|1993||“The Apocalyptic Folk In The Nodding God Unveiled”||The Nodding Folk||performer|
|1996||“Videodrones; Questions”||Lost Highway soundtrack||Trent Reznor||production|
|1996||“Driver Down”||Lost Highway Soundtrack||Trent Reznor||production|
|2000||“Silence Is Golden”||Vox Tinnitus||CoH||vocals|
|2001||“My Angel (Director’s Cut)”||Love Uncut||CoH||vocals|
|August 6, 2001||The Michel Publicity Window E.P.||Thighpaulsandra||album artwork design|
|2002||“Autumn”||Seasons||CoH||uses field recordings by Christopherson|
|2005||“Unhealthy Red”||A Nature Of Nonsense||Aural Rage||written by|
|2008||“I’m In Black Out”||The Zsigmondy Experience||Sion Orgon||uses field recordings and vocals by Christopherson|
- Music video as director
- The Almighty – “Wrench”
- Marc Almond – “Waifs and Strays”, “Stories Of Johnny”, “Love Letter”, “A Woman’s Story”, “Ruby Red”, “Tainted Love ’91”, and “Say Hello Wave Goodbye ’91”
- Ash – “Girl From Mars”
- Bad Company – “Shake It Up”
- Bassomatic – “One With The Oil Rig”
- Big Big Sun – “Stop The World”
- Björn Again – “A Little Respect”
- Blue Mercedes – “Love Is The Gun”
- Bomb The Bass – “Love So True”, “Winter In July”, “Air On The Train”
- Jerry Cantrell – “Cut You In”
- The Christians – “Forgotten Town”
- Coil – “The Wheel”, “Tainted Love”, “Windowpane”, “The Snow (Answers Come In Dreams II)”, “Love’s Secret Domain”
- The Crystal Method – “Comin’ Back”
- Danzig – “Until You Call on the Dark” (alternate version)
- Erasure – “Chains of Love”, “A Little Respect”, “Stop”
- Deon Estus – (track unknown)
- Fairground Attraction – “Find My Love”
- The Firm – “Radioactive”, “All The King’s Horses”, “Satisfaction Guaranteed”, “Live In Peace”
- Gavin Friday – “Falling off the Edge of the World”, “King Of Trash”
- Filter – “Welcome to the Fold”
- Front 242 – “Rhythm of Time”
- Diamanda Galás – “Double Barrel Prayer”
- Galliano – “Twyford Down”
- Gemini – “Another You Another Me”
- Barry Gibb – “Now Voyager” (long form made-for-television music film)
- Hanson – “I Will Come to You”
- Nona Hendryx – (track unknown)
- Kyosuke Himuro – “Misty”, “Shuffle”
- Hue & Cry – “Labour Of Love”
- K’s Choice – “Not an Addict” (live version), “Everything for Free”
- Nik Kershaw – “Nobody Knows”, “Radio Musicola”
- Thomas Lang – “The Happy Man”
- The Law – “We Are the Law”
- Level 42 – “To Be With You Again”
- Magnum – (track unknown)
- Masters of Reality – (track unknown)
- Paul McCartney – “Going Home (From Rio to Liverpool)”
- Ministry – “N.W.O.”, “Just One Fix”, “Over the Shoulder”
- Nine Inch Nails – The Broken Movie (“Pinion”, “Wish“, “Help Me I Am in Hell”, “Gave Up”), “March of the Pigs” (two versions: one officially released, with clips of the scrapped version available on the Closure DVD), Unreleased concert footage at The Forum (6/24/94)
- Pink Floyd – “Us and Them” (1994 version)
- Robert Plant – “Tall Cool One”, “Heaven Knows”, “Calling To You”, “I Believe”
- Rage Against the Machine – “Freedom”, “Killing in the Name”, “Bombtrack”, “Bulls on Parade”, “People of the Sun”
- Chris Rea – “Road To Hell”
- Vic Reeves – “Abide With Me”
- Rollins Band – “Illumination”
- Vasco Rossi – “C’è chi dice no”, “Liberi Liberi”
- Scorpions – (unknown concert film)
- Senser – “Age of Panic”
- Sepultura – “Refuse/Resist”
- Silverchair – “Pure Massacre”
- Stabbing Westward – “Lies”
- Curtis Stigers – “This Time”, (another unknown track)
- 10cc – (track unknown)
- Helen Terry – “Black Floor Job”
- The The – “Infected”, “The Mercy Beat”, “Heartland”
- Therapy? – “Stories”
- The Threshold HouseBoy’s Choir – “Mahil Athal Nadrach”, “So Young It Known No Maturing”, and other videos from the album Form Goes Rampant.
- 3 lb. Thrill – “Something Will Come”
- The Wildhearts – “Suckerpunch”
- Van Halen – “Don’t Tell Me”, “Can’t Stop Lovin’ You”
- Van Morrison & Cliff Richard – “Whenever God Shines His Light”
- Jah Wobble – “Becoming More Like God”, “The Sun Does Rise”
- Yes – “Owner of a Lonely Heart“
- The Young Gods – (track unknown)
- Television commercials as director
- AA Insurance – 2 commercials (1991)
- Best Magazine (1988)
- Coca-Cola – “Tall Cool One” feat. Robert Plant (1988)
- Phil Collins & Richard Branson (1989)
- Gilette (1987)
- Konica (1987)
- Max Factor – “Le Jardin” feat. Jane Seymour (1983)
- McDonald’s – “Space” (1987), “Submarine” (1987)
- Miller Lite (1989)
- NEC (1988)
- Nissan – “Ali Baba” (1988), “Snow Queen” (1988), “Cinderella” (1988)
- Pan-Am – “Ready” (1986), “Club” (1987), “Leisure” (1987)
- Prima Magazine (1988)
- Toshiba – “Idea” (1988)
Album artwork credits
This from Peter “Sleazy” Christopherson himself: “I worked as a free-lance photographer and contributor, then promoted to an assistant to Hipgnosis before becoming a partner, and continued to act also after I officially left the organization. So my contributions range from attempted but rejected artwork or design work, to partial contribution in either/both as an assistant, to being fully responsible for all design and artwork, such as the Peter Gabriel LPs. What you wish to document is up to you.”
- A Certain Ratio – To Each…
- Dave Ball – In Strict Tempo
- Pink Floyd – A Nice Pair – “contributed photos as an assistant to Hipgnosis but did not do the design” – PC
- Pink Floyd – Animals (credited on LP and CD cover to Hipgnosis)
- Pink Floyd – Wish You Were Here (credited on LP and CD cover to Hipgnosis)
- Peter Gabriel – Peter Gabriel, aka “Peter Gabriel I” or “Car” (credited on LP and CD cover to Hipgnosis)
- Peter Gabriel – Peter Gabriel, aka “Peter Gabriel II” or “Scratch” (credited on LP and CD cover to Hipgnosis)
- Peter Gabriel – Peter Gabriel, aka “Peter Gabriel III” or “Melt” (credited on LP and CD cover to Hipgnosis)
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ngrid Pitt, Polish-born British actress (The Vampire Lovers, Countess Dracula, The House That Dripped Blood, Where Eagles Dare), died from heart failure.she was , 73
(21 November 1937 – 23 November 2010)
BackgroundPitt was born Ingoushka Petrov in Warsaw, Poland to a German father and a Polish Jewish mother. During World War II she and her family were imprisoned in a concentration camp. She survived and in Berlin in the 1950s met and married an American soldier and ended up living in California. After her marriage failed, she returned to Europe but after a small role in a film, she headed to Hollywood where she worked as a waitress while trying to make a career in the movies. Her natural hair colour was brown, though she frequently lightened it to blonde.
In the early 1960s Pitt was a member of the prestigious Berliner Ensemble, under the guidance of Bertolt Brecht‘s widow Helene Weigel. In 1965 she made her film debut in Doctor Zhivago, playing a minor role. In 1968 she co-starred in the low budget science fiction film The Omegans and in the same year played in Where Eagles Dare opposite Richard Burton and Clint Eastwood.
It was her work with Hammer Film Productions that elevated her to cult figure status. She starred in The Vampire Lovers (1970), a film based on Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu‘s novella Carmilla, and Countess Dracula (1971), a film based on the legends around Countess Elizabeth Báthory. Pitt also appeared in the Amicus horror anthology film The House That Dripped Blood (1971) and had a small part in the film The Wicker Man (1973).
In the mid-1970s, she appeared on the judging panel of the British ITV talent show New Faces.
During the 1980s, Pitt returned to roles in mainstream films and on television. Her role as Fraulein Baum in the 1981 BBC Playhouse Unity, who is denounced as a Jew by Unity Mitford (played by Lesley-Anne Down, who had played her daughter in Countess Dracula), was uncomfortably close to her real-life experiences. Her popularity with horror film buffs saw her in demand for guest appearances at horror conventions and film festivals. Other films Pitt has appeared in outside the horror genre are: Who Dares Wins, (aka The Final Option), Wild Geese II, Hanna’s War etc. Generally cast as a ‘baddie’, she usually manages to get killed horribly at the end of the final reel. “Being the anti-hero is great – they are always roles you can get your teeth into.”
It was at this time that the theatre world also beckoned. Pitt founded her own theatrical touring company and starred in successful productions of Dial M for Murder, Duty Free (aka Don’t Bother to Dress), and Woman of Straw. She also appeared in many TV shows in the UK and USA – Ironside, Dundee and the Calhane, Doctor Who (The Time Monster, Warriors of the Deep), Smiley’s People, etc.
Pitt made her return to the big screen in the 2000 production The Asylum. The film starred Colin Baker and Patrick Mower, and was directed by John Stewart. In 2003, Pitt voiced the role of “Lady Violator” in Renga Media‘s production Dominator. The film was the UK’s first CGI animated film.
After a period of illness, Pitt returned to the screen in 2006 for the Hammer Films–Mario Bava tribute, Sea of Dust. In 1998, Pitt narrated Cradle of Filth‘s “Cruelty and the Beast” album, although her narration was done strictly in-character as the Countess she portrayed in Countess Dracula.
Pitt’s first book, after a number of ill-fated tracts on the plight of the Native Americans, was a novel, Cuckoo Run, a spy story about mistaken identity. “I took it to Cubby Broccoli. It was about a woman called Nina Dalton who is pursued across South America in the mistaken belief that she is a spy. Cubby said it was a female Bond. He was being very kind.”
This was followed in 1984 by a novelization of the Peron era in Argentina, where she lived for a number of years after falling foul of the establishment in England.[clarification needed What does this falling foul refer to?] “Argentina was a wild frontier country ruled by a berserk military dictatorship at the time. It just suited my mood.”
In 1984, Pitt and her husband Tony Rudlin were commissioned to script a Doctor Who adventure. The story, entitled The Macro Men, was one of a number of ideas submitted by the couple, after she appeared in the season 21 DW story Warriors of the Deep. The plot concerned events surrounding the Philadelphia Experiment – a US military experiment during the Second World War to try to make the naval destroyer USS Eldridge invisible to radar – about which Pitt and Rudlin had read in a book entitled The Philadelphia Experiment by leading paranormal investigator Charles Berlitz. It involved the Doctor, and companion Peri, arriving on board the USS Eldridge in Philadelphia harbour in 1943 and becoming involved in a battle against microscopic humanoid creatures native to Earth but previously unknown to humankind. The writers had several meetings with script editor Eric Saward and carried out numerous revisions, but the story progressed no further than the preparation of a draft first episode script under the new title The Macros. The story has now been made by Big Finish in their Doctor Who: the Lost Stories audios, as The Macros.
In 1999, her autobiography, Life’s a Scream (Heinemann) was published, and she was short-listed for the Talkies Awards for her own reading of extracts from the audio book, “I hate being second”.
The autobiography detailed the harrowing experiences of her early life in a Nazi Concentration camp, her search throughout the European Red Cross Refugee Camps for her father, and her escape from East Berlin, one step ahead of the Volkspolizei. “I always had a big mouth and used to go on about the political schooling interrupting my quest for thespian glory. I used to think like that. Not good in a police state.”
The Bedside Companion for Ghosthunters (Batsfords) was Pitt’s tenth book. It was preceded by the Bedside Companion for Vampire Lovers (Batsfords). The Ingrid Pitt Book Of Murder, Torture And Depravity was published in October 2000.
Pitt’s credentials for writing about ghosts spring from a time when she lived for a while with a tribe of Indians in Colorado. Sitting with her baby daughter, Steffanie, by a log fire, she was sure that she could see the face of her father smiling at her in the flames. “I told one of the others and he went all Hollywood Injun on me and said something like ‘Heap good medicine’. I guess he was taking the mickey.”
Other writing projects include a different look at Hammer Films entitled The Hammer Xperience. She also wrote a story under the pen-name Dracula Smith, which was illustrated within the Fan club magazine, and is rumoured to be waiting to be snapped up for production.
Pitt wrote regular columns for various magazines and periodicals, including Shivers magazine, TV & Film Memorabilia and Motoring and Leisure. She also wrote a regular column, often about politics, on her official website, as well as a weekly column at UK website Den of Geek. In 2008, she was added to the merchandising of Monster-Mania: The Magazine.
She married three times, first to Laud Roland Pitt Jr, an American GI; second to George Pinches, a British film executive; and then to Tony Rudlin, an actor and racing car driver. Her daughter, Steffanie Pitt-Blake, is also an actress.
Pitt had a passion for World War 2 aircraft. After revealing her passion on a radio programme, she was invited by the museum at RAF Duxford to have a flight in a Lancaster. She held a student’s pilot licence and a black belt in karate.
Pitt died in a south London hospital on 23 November 2010, a few days after collapsing, and two days after her 73rd birthday.
Seven months before she passed away, Pitt finished narration for “Ingrid Pitt: Beyond the Forest,” an animated short film on her experience in the Holocaust, a project that had been in the works for five years. Character design and storyboards were created by two-time Academy Award-nominated filmmaker Bill Plympton. The film is directed by Kevin Sean Michaels; co-produced and co-written by Dr. Jud Newborn, Holocaust expert and author, “Sophie Scholl and the White Rose“; and drawn by 10-year-old animator, Perry Chen. The short film will be completed for release in 2011, with a feature-length documentary, also by Michaels, to follow.   
- Sound of Horror (1964)
- Doctor Zhivago (1965)
- Un Beso en el puerto (1966)
- A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum (1966)
- The Omegans (1968)
- Where Eagles Dare (1968)
- The House That Dripped Blood (1970)
- The Vampire Lovers (1970)
- Jason King (1971) (TV series) – guest star
- Nobody Ordered Love (1971)
- Countess Dracula (1971)
- The Wicker Man (1973)
- Thriller 1975 (TV), (UK)
- Unity (1981) (TV)
- Artemis 81 (1981) (TV)
- Who Dares Wins (1982)
- Smiley’s People (1982) TV miniseries
- Octopussy (1983)
- The Comedy of Errors (1983) (TV)
- The House (1984) (TV)
- Bones (1984)
- Underworld (1985)
- Wild Geese II (1985)
- Hanna’s War (1988)
- The Asylum (2000)
- Green Fingers (2000)
- Minotaur (2005)
- Sea of Dust (2006)
- Ingrid Pitt: Beyond The Forest (2011)
- Cuckoo Run (1980)
- The Perons (1984)
- Eva’s Spell (1985)
- Katarina (1986)
- The Ingrid Pitt Bedside Companion for Vampire Lovers (1998)
- The Autobiography of Ingrid Pitt : Life’s A Scream (1999)
- Ingrid Pitt Bedside Companion for Ghosthunters (1999)
- The Ingrid Pitt Book of Murder, Torture and Depravity (2000)
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(1 January 1935 – 23 November 2010)
BiographyPootoogook was born at a traditional Inuit camp called Ikerrasak or Ikirasak, near Cape Dorset, Nunavut (then in the Northwest Territories) to Josephie Pootoogook, leader of the camp, and Sarah Ninegeokuluk. The family lived a traditional lifestyle hunting and trapping while living in an iglu in the winter and a sod house in the summer and did not move into their first southern style house until 1942. In 1957 Pootoogook married Shooyoo, moved to Cape Dorset and began work for James Houston.
Originally, Pootoogook did some carving, made prints and lithographs for other artists. At the same time he was a leader in setting up the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative, the first Inuit owned co-op, now part of the Arctic Co-operatives Limited and served from 1959 until 1964 as the president. Although Kananginak had worked with his father, Josephie, in 1959, it was not until the 1970s that Kananginak began work as a full time artist producing drawings, carvings and prints. According to Terry Ryan, former Co-op manager, Pootoogook was both influenced by and an admirer of the works of his uncle, photographer and historian Peter Pitseolak.
The World Wildlife Commission released a limited edition set in 1977 that included four of Pootoogook’s images and in 1980 he was elected to the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. In 1997 Pootoogook built a 6 ft (1.8 m) inukshuk in Cape Dorset for former Governor General of Canada, Roméo LeBlanc. The inukshuk was dismantled and shipped to Ottawa and with the assistance of his son, Johnny, it was rebuilt at Rideau Hall and unveiled on 21 June, National Aboriginal Day.
Pootoogook had several exhibitions and showings of his work. In 2010, he went to Vancouver for the 2010 Winter Olympics and to open a showing of his work at the Marion Scott Gallery. He also had a showing of his work, his first solo exhibition at a public institution, at the Museum of Inuit Art in Toronto from February to May 2010. He also received a 2010 National Aboriginal Achievement Award in the arts category from the National Aboriginal Achievement Foundation.
While working on his final, and unfinished, drawing of a Peterhead owned by his father, he was struck by coughing spells, which he declared was cancer. Along with his wife, Shooyoo, he flew to Ottawa, staying at the Larga Baffin home, and was diagnosed with lung cancer. In October 2010, he underwent surgery and did not recover. He died 23 November 2010 in Ottawa. He is survived by his wife, seven children and several grandchildren and great-grandchildren, and is buried in Cape Dorset.
- The Small Owl (1977) lithograph, in the collection of the McCord Museum.
- Inintuq (1978), Stonecut and stencil, In the collection of the Dallas Museum of Art.
- An inukshuk (1997), assembled at Rideau Hall, Ottawa.
- Elected a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, 1980.
- National Aboriginal Achievement Award, arts category 2010.
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(3 August 1940 – 23 November 2010)
He was born in Hartford, Connecticut and initially studied the Banjo (classic 5-string and Tenor) and Mandolin with Walter K. Bauer, then the Lute with Joseph Iadone – he also played the Cello. As a lutenist, he performed and recorded with New York Pro Musica, and also toured and recorded as a banjoist with “Max Morath and the Original Rag Quartet”. In 1969, his interest in early music took him to London where he married Joyce Geller. 
During the 1970s and 80s, he performed and recorded in London with Musica Reservata, the Consort of Musicke, the Julian Bream Consort and the Early Music Consort of London under David Munrow. He then founded his own ensemble, the “London Early Music Group” in 1977, which lasted until 1990. He composed music for BBC television productions of Shakespeare plays, and also made an appearance as a lutenist in the 1972 film, Mary Queen of Scots.
In 1986, he became professor of Music and director of the master’s and doctoral degree programs in early music performance at the University of Southern California (USC), a post he held until retiring in 2006. Apart from the instruments mentioned, he was considered expert on the Renaissance and Baroque guitars. As a musicologist he travelled around Europe and the USA researching and transcribing hundreds of early music works. He authored several books on early plucked instruments and their music (see bibliography), and wrote articles for various publications.
James Tyler died on November 23, 2010, after a short illness, aged 70.
- James Tyler. The Early Guitar: A History and a Handbook (Oxford University Press, 1980).
- James Tyler & Paul Sparks. The Early Mandolin” (Oxford University Press, 1992).
- James Tyler & Paul Sparks. The Guitar and Its Music: From the Renaissance to the Classical Era (Oxford University Press, 2007).
- James Tyler. A Guide to Playing the Baroque Guitar (Indiana University Press, 2011).
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Jean S. Cione [Cy] was a pitcher who played from 1945 through 1954 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5′ 8″, 143 lb., She batted and threw left-handed died she was , 82.
(June 23, 1928 – November 22, 2010)
AAGPBL rules of play
The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League was a circuit that began to operate in 1943. Since the only organized ball for women in the United States was softball, the league oficcials created a hybrid game which included both fast-pitch softball and baseball. Compared to softball, the crucial differences were that nine (not ten) players were used, and runners could lead off, slide and steal bases. In its twelve years of history the AAGPBL evolved through many stages. These differences varied from the beginning of the league, progressively extending the length of the base paths and pitching distance and decreasing the size of the ball until the final year of play in 1954. For the first five years the circuit used a fastpitch underhand motion, shifted to sidearm in 1947, and never really became baseball until overhand pitching began in 1948.
Born in Rockford, Illinois, Jean Cione was a dominant lefty pitcher who enjoyed a prolific career over ten seasons in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Cione is regarded one of the few pitchers to make the successful transition from underhand to overhand through the many stages of the league, although she hurled on awful expansion teams that did not give her much run support. An All-Star, she posted a 76-65 record with a 2.33 earned run average in 169 career games and pitched three no-hitters. In addition, she was a member of a champion team and turned in an unassisted triple play. Interestingly, from 1909 through 2010 there have only been 15 unassisted triple plays in Major League Baseball history. After the league folded in 1954, Cione taught sports medicine and physical education at the university level for 29 years, earning inductions into several halls of fame across the United States.
Cione attended grades 1-12 in the Rockford Public School System, where she graduated in 1946. At school she used to play softball. In third grade she joined the boys’ softball team, and when she reached eighth grade became to play on the Rock River School Boy’s softball team, which competed with other league schools. In 1942, at age 14, she earned the first letter ever awarded to a girl by Rock River School. Cione later worked at J. L. Clarke, where she played on the company’s girls team. She also taught herself the accordion, after being motivated by the piano music of Frankie Carle.
As she grew up, Cione showed an intense interest in athletics and outdoor activities, developing a practice that was to continue throughout the rest of his life. When she turned seventeen, she attended an All-American Girls Professional Baseball League tryout held at Racine under the direction of Max Carey. She passed the text and was offered a contract to play in the league.
Cione entered the AAGPBL in 1945 with the Rockford Peaches, a team based in her hometown of Rockford which was managed by Bill Allington. Other five teams competed in the 110-game regular season: the Fort Wayne Daisies, the Grand Rapids Chicks, the Kenosha Comets, the Racine Belles, and the South Bend Blue Sox.
The 1945 Peaches roster featured a perfect mix of experience and motivated young players, such as Mildred Deegan (2B), Dorothy Ferguson (3B), Rose Gacioch (P/OF), Dorothy Green (C), Dorothy Harrell (SS), Dorothy Kamenshek (1B), Josephine Lenard (OF), Olive Little (P), Carolyn Morris (P) and Margaret Wigiser (OF). Cione was used as a reserve first sacker for Kamenshek. Eventually, she pitched and played at outfield.
Since the beginning, Cione showed her skills in the field and was alert and cooperative with her manager and teammates. During that first year with the Rockford Peaches, I sharpened those raw skills and learned the strategies of the game from a manager that I consider the best in the league, Bill Allington from Van Eyes CA. He was a student of the game, and held practice sessions for us rookies and bench warmers every day the team played at home. I attribute my 10-year longevity in the league to my first year under this outstanding manager, she proudly recalled in her autobiography.
Rockford took the AAGPBL pennant with a 67-43 record, surpassing Fort Wayne (62-47), Grand Rapids (60-50), Racine (50-60), South Bend (49-60) and Kenosha (41-69). In the best-of-five Series playoffs, runnerup Fort Wayne defeated fourth-place Racine in four games; first-place Rockford eliminated third-place Grand Rapids in four games, and Rockford won the league championship by beating Fort Wayne in five games.
The Muskegon Lassies and Peoria Redwings were added as expansion teams for the 1946 season. Cione was sent to the Redwings, as the AAGPBL shifted players as needed to help new teams stay afloat. In 1947 she returned to Rockford. It was clear she was back where she belonged.
By April 1947, all of the league’s players were flown to Havana, Cuba for spring training. At the time, the Brooklyn Dodgers trained in the Cuban capital because Jackie Robinson, who would be the first Afro-American to play in the Major Leagues, was training with the Dodgers for the first time. By then, city ordinances in Vero Beach, Florida, where the Dodgers normally trained, prevented blacks and whites players from competing on the same field against each other. Notably, newspaper stories from Havana indicate that the All-American girls drew larger crowds for their exhibition games at Estadio Latinoamericano than did the Dodgers. That year, Cione responded winning 19 games for the Peaches while posting a stingy 1.30 ERA in her first full pitching season. Besides Cione, the roster of the Peaches included top notch veterans as Deegan, Ferguson, Gacioch, Green, Harrell and Kamenshek, as well as the newly arrived Lois Florreich (P) and Alice Pollitt (3B). Unfortunately, Rockford finished in sixth place with a 48-63 mark, out of contention. During the postseason, Grand Rapids defeated South Bend in five games while Racine ousted Muskegon in four games. In the final Series, Grand Rapids dispossed of Racine in seven games.
The next year Cione then found herself on the move again, this time to Kenosha (1948–1951), and then the Battle Creek Belles (1952) and Muskegon (1953), before returning to Rockford in the league’s final year (1954). Her most productive season came in 1950, when she won 18 games and hurled a pair of no-hitters. In 1952 she went 2-5, but sported a 3.24 ERA and made the All-Star team.
In between seasons, Cione graduated from high school and went on to study at Eastern Michigan University, University of Illinois and University of Michigan.
Life after baseball
Following her baseball retirement, Cione received a bachelor’s degree from Eastern Michigan University before earning her master’s degree at the University of Illinois. From there, Cione took up teaching physical education in elementary school for a decade and then returned to EMU, where she taught sports medicine for nearly three decades. She was EMU’s first women’s athletic director as her alma mater established a women’s athletic program, attaining gender equity in the sports programs there.
Honors and awards
Jean Cione is part of Women in Baseball, a permanent display based at the Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown, New York. The exhibition was unveiled on November 5, 1988, to honor the entire All-American Girls Professional Baseball League rather than individual baseball personalities. She gained inductions into the Eastern Michigan University Athletic Hall of Fame (1986) and the National Italian American Sports Hall of Fame (2003), and also served as vice president of the AAGPBL Players Association while supervizing the organization’s website.
A League of Their Own
The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League folded in 1954. Lady pitchers, catchers, and fielders drifted into obscurity until 1992 when the film A League of Their Own was released. The film kindled a renewed interest in these trailblazers who have their own places in American history. While the film does not use real names, filmmaker Penny Marshall seemed to be aiming for realism, as her work includes fake newsreel footage and pseudo-documentary present day scenes at the beginning and end of the fictitious story. Since then, Cione and her teammates have become the darlings of the media. They have been honored several times for their significant contributions, responding to request for autographs and corresponding with young athletes interested in hearing of their days in the AAGPBL.
Jean Cione died at the age of 82 in Bozeman, Montana, where she had moved after retiring in 1992.
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Leonard Melvin Lunde was a professional ice hockey player who played 321 games in the National Hockey League and 72 games in the World Hockey Association died from a heart condition.he was , 74. He played for the Chicago Black Hawks, Minnesota North Stars, Vancouver Canucks, Edmonton Oilers, and Detroit Red Wings.
(November 13, 1936 – November 22, 2010)
Lunde was born in Campbell River, British Colubmia, and played junior hockey with the Edmonton Oil Kings of the WCJHL. A prospect of the Detroit Red Wings, he moved up to the Edmonton Flyer of the Western Hockey League, where he scored 39 goals during the 1957-58 season. The following season he debuted in the National Hockey League, playing in 68 games for the Red Wings, and scoring 14 goals and 12 assists.
He was a regular in the Red Wings’ lineup though the 1960-61 season, when Detroit reached the Stanley Cup finals, but after spending a majority of the 1961-62 season in the minors was traded to Chicago in June 1962. With the Black Hawks, he notched six goals and 22 assists playing playing on a checking line with Eric Nesterenko and Ron Murphy.
Beginning in 1963-64, Lunde was chiefly a minor leaguer over the next few seasons. He did play a handful of games for the Hawks, Minnesota North Stars and Vancouver Canucks but saw most of his ice time as an offensive sparkplug in the American Hockey League, the Western Hockey League and the Central Hockey League.
His best year was 1964-65 when he scored 50 goals for the AHL’s Buffalo Bisons and was voted on to the league’s first all-star team.
His last full season was 1973-74 with the Edmonton Oilers of the World Hockey Association, where he scored 26 goals and added 22 assists for 48 points.
He also played in Finland with Ilves in 1971–1972 and was head coach of the Finnish national team in World Championships 1973 in Moscow. Lunde had initially retired in 1972 before playing for Edmonton Oilers. Lunde re-retired in 1974, but made a one-game return in 1979, when he played for Mora IK.
Overall, Lunde scored 39 goals and 83 assists, and recorded 75 penalty minutes in 321 NHL games. He also scored three goals and two assists in 20 playoff games.
Lunde died on November 22, 2010, of a heart condition in Edmonton, Alberta.
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