Now Thats Funny!!!!
Lena Nyman, Swedish actress (I Am Curious (Yellow), I Am Curious (Blue), Autumn Sonata), died from cancer she was , 66.
Having had her first film roles in 1955, Nyman had a role in Vilgot Sjöman‘s 491 (1964) and got her breakthrough in his I Am Curious (Yellow) (1967), where she, in pseudo-documentary fashion, played a character of the same name as herself, and its sequel I Am Curious (Blue) (1968). She later participated in many of the films and stage productions of Hans Alfredson and Tage Danielsson, such as Release the Prisoners to Spring (1975) and The Adventures of Picasso (1978). Nyman co-starred with Ingrid Bergman and Liv Ullmann in Ingmar Bergman’s Autumn Sonata (1978).
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Vasile Paraschiv was a Romanian social and political activist.
|(April 3, 1928 – February 4, 2011)|
Paraschiv was born in Ordoreanu village, Clinceni commune, Ilfov County. After 1940, he worked in Bucharest and after 1947 he worked for the Romanian Communist Party, Romanian Post (December 1947-November 1949).
He was member of the Romanian Communist Party (November 1946 – November 1968). After his resignation from Romanian Communist Party, he was arrested. From the end of the 1960s until the Communism’s fall, he was a victim of psychiatric repression.
He had tried to set up a trade union but was kidnapped and tortured three times by the Securitate (secret police) which attempted to portray him as mentally disturbed.
Also, Paraschiv was a collaborator of Paul Goma.. In 2002, Paul Goma wrote an article which includes a letter and Paraschiv’s list of communist activists that persecuted him during communism.
Paraschiv died in 2011 from heart faluire. He refused to be decorated by President Traian Băsescu, whom he labelled “a former communist”.
- Vasile Paraschiv, Lupta mea pentru sindicate libere in Romania. Terorismul politic organizat de statul communist (Iasi, 2005)
- Vasile Paraschiv, Asa nu se mai poate, tovarase Nicolae Ceausescu! (Bucharest: Curtea Veche, 2007).
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Tura Satana, American actress (Faster, Pussycat! Kill! Kill!), died from heart failure she was , 72.
(July 10, 1938 – February 4, 2011)
Satana was born Tura Luna Pascual Yamaguchi in Hokkaidō, Japan. Her father was a silent movie actor of Japanese and Filipino descent, and her mother was a circus performer of American Indian (Cheyenne) and Scots-Irish background. After the end of World War II and a stint in the Manzanar internment camp in Lone Pine, California, she and her family moved to the Westside of Chicago. She developed breasts very early and, despite being an excellent student, was constantly harassed for her figure and Asian heritage. Walking home from school at the age of nine she was gang raped by five men. According to Satana, her attackers were never prosecuted and it was rumored that the judge had been paid off. She tells how this prompted her to learn the martial arts of aikido and karate and, over the next 15 years, track down each rapist and exact revenge. “I made a vow to myself that I would someday, somehow get even with all of them,” she said years later. “They never knew who I was until I told them.”
Because of the rape and the bribed judge, she was sent to reform school as a teenager and became the leader of a gang. In an interview with Psychotronic Video, she said, “We had leather motorcycle jackets, jeans and boots and we kicked butt.” At 13, she was married in Hernando, Mississippi, a short-lived union arranged by her parents and the family of her 17-year-old groom.
Satana then came to Los Angeles at age 13 with a fake ID and tried her hand at blues singing. When that failed, she started modeling as a bathing suit photography model and posed nude for the silent screen comic Harold Lloyd, who did not know she was underage. Lloyd told Satana she should be in films because she was photogenic. While working as a photographic model, Satana contracted makeup poisoning and could not wear any makeup due to the ensuing skin erosions. She returned to Chicago to live with her parents and started dancing. Satana danced at the Club Rendevouz in Calumet City, Illinois, where she was known as Galatea, the Statue that Came to Life. She was offered a raise to become a stripper. She eventually became a successful exotic dancer, traveling from city to city and working with Rose Le Rose, Maxine Martin, The Skyscraper Girl, Tempest Storm, Candy Barr and Stunning Smith the Purple Lady. Satana credited Lloyd with giving her the confidence to pursue a career in show business: “I saw myself as an ugly child.” Mr. Lloyd said, “You have such a symmetrical face, the camera loves your face… you should be seen.” Because of her dancing, her face, and her figure, she was ultimately voted one of the 10 Best Undressed Burlesque Dancers of the 20th Century by Bill Hanna of Hanna-Barbera.
At 19, Satana got pregnant, but continued dancing for the next eight months, earning a typical weekly salary of about $1,500.
During her early career, Satana appeared on television shows such as Burke’s Law, The Greatest Show On Earth, Hawaiian Eye, and The Man From U.N.C.L.E.. She also appeared as a dancer in Who’s Been Sleeping in My Bed? with Dean Martin and Elizabeth Montgomery. That same year, she had a cameo as a Parisian prostitute in the musical Irma La Douce with Jack Lemmon and Shirley Maclaine.
After starring in Faster, Pussycat! Kill! Kill!, Satana worked mainly with cult film director Ted V. Mikels in such films as The Astro-Zombies (1968), The Doll Squad (1974) and Mark of the Astro-Zombies (2002). She has also appeared as herself in various documentaries and TV shows including The Incredibly Strange Film Show (1988), A & E’s documentary called “Cleavage”(2003), Strip de velours (2005) and Sugar Boxx (2007) which is currently in post production and co-stars fellow Russ Meyer alumna Kitten Natividad.
Faster Pussycat! Kill Kill!
Satana’s most noted screen role was as “Varla” in the 1965 film Faster, Pussycat! Kill! Kill!–a very aggressive and sexual female character for which she did all of her own stunts and fight scenes. Renowned film critic Richard Corliss called her performance “…the most honest, maybe the one honest portrayal in the Meyer canon and certainly the scariest.”
Originally titled The Leather Girls, the film is an ode to female violence, based on a concept created by Russ Meyer and screenwriter Jack Moran. Both felt at her first audition that Satana was “definitely Varla.” The film was shot on location in the desert outside Los Angeles during days above 100 degrees and freezing nights, with Satana clashing regularly with teenage co-star Susan Bernard, because of Susan’s mother disrupting the set. Meyer said she “was extremely capable. She knew how to handle herself. Don’t mess with her! And if you mess with her, do it well! She might turn on you!”
She was fully responsible for adding key elements to the visual style and energy of the production, including her costume, makeup, usage of martial arts, dialogue and the use of spinning tires in the death scene of the main male character. She came up with many of the film’s best lines. At one point the gas station attendant was ogling her extraordinary cleavage whilst confessing to a desire to see America. Varla replied “You won’t find it down there, Columbus!”Meyer cited the extreme tension on the set caused by Satana as the primary reasons for the film’s lasting fame. “She and I made the movie,” said Meyer. Meyer came to greatly regret not using Satana in his subsequent productions.
After making Ted V. Mikels‘ The Doll Squad in 1973, Satana was shot by a former lover. She later found employment in a hospital, a position she kept for four years. She had studied nursing at Firmin Deloos Hospital. She was then briefly employed as a dispatcher for the Los Angeles Police Department. In 1981, her back was broken in a car accident. She spent the next two years in and out of hospitals, having two major operations and approximately fifteen others.
Satana dated Elvis Presley but turned down his marriage proposal, though she did keep the ring. Satana married a retired Los Angeles police officer in 1981, and remained married until her husband died in October 2000. She has two daughters from a previous relationship. Her older daughter Kalani had a cameo role in Mikels’ Ten Violent Women. She had remained friends with Mikels till her death.
- Irma La Douce (1963)
- Faster, Pussycat! Kill! Kill! (1965)
- Our Man Flint (1966) (uncredited)
- The Astro-Zombies (1969)
- The Doll Squad (1974)
- Man Hands and Swollen Glands (1990)
- Mark of the Astro-Zombies (2002)
- Sugar Boxx (2008)
- The Haunted World of El Superbeasto (2009)
- The Wild World of Ted V. Mikels (as herself) (2010)
- Seattle industrial band Kill Switch…Klick released a four song EP in 2008 featuring Super Amanda on vocals performing four different mixes of the Tura Satana Tribute song Hemi Charger.
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Édouard Glissant was a French writer, poet and literary critic. He is widely recognised as one of the most influential figures in Caribbean thought and cultural commentary died he was , 82..
(September 21, 1928 – February 3, 2011)
Glissant was born in Sainte-Marie, Martinique. He studied at the Lycée Schoelcher, named after the abolitionist Victor Schoelcher, where the poet Aimé Césaire had studied and to which he returned as a teacher. Césaire had met Léon Damas there; later in Paris they would join with Léopold Senghor, a poet and the future first president of Senegal, to formulate and promote the concept of négritude. Césaire did not teach Glissant, but did serve as an inspiration to him (although Glissant sharply criticized many aspects of his philosophy); another student at the school at that time was Frantz Fanon.
Glissant left Martinique in 1946 for Paris, where he received his PhD, having studied ethnography at the Musée de l’Homme and History and philosophy at the Sorbonne. He established, with Paul Niger, the separatist Front Antillo-Guyanais pour l’Autonomie party in 1959, as a result of which Charles de Gaulle barred him from leaving France between 1961 and 1965. He returned to Martinique in 1965 and founded the Institut martiniquais d’études, as well as Acoma, a social sciences publication. Glissant divided his time between Martinique, Paris and New York; since 1995, he was Distinguished Professor of French at the CUNY Graduate Center . In January 2006, Édouard Glissant was asked by Jacques Chirac to take on the presidency of a new cultural centre devoted to the history of slave trade. An English translation of Chirac’s speech can be found here.
Conférence Edouard Glissant (Réalisation… by Kreolfeeling
Shortlisted for the Nobel Prize in 1992, when Derek Walcott emerged as the recipient, Glissant was the pre-eminent critic of the Négritude school of Caribbean writing and father-figure for the subsequent Créolité group of writers which includes Patrick Chamoiseau and Raphaël Confiant. While his first novel portrays the political climate in 1940s Martinique, through the story of a group of young revolutionaries, his subsequent work focuses on questions of language, identity, space and history. Glissant’s development of the notion of antillanité seeks to root Caribbean identity firmly within “the Other America” and springs from a critique of identity in previous schools of writing, specifically the work of Aimé Césaire, which looked to Africa for its principal source of identification. He is notable for his attempt to trace parallels between the history and culture of the Creole Caribbean and those of Latin America and the plantation culture of the American south, most obviously in his study of William Faulkner. Generally speaking, his thinking seeks to interrogate notions of centre, origin and linearity, embodied in his distinction between atavistic and composite cultures, which has influenced subsequent Martinican writers’ trumpeting of hybridity as the bedrock of Caribbean identity and their “creolised” approach to textuality. As such he is both a key (though underrated) figure in postcolonial literature and criticism, but also he often pointed out that he was close to two French philosophers, Félix Guattari and Gilles Deleuze, and their theory of the rhizome.
Glissant died in Paris, France at the age of 82.
- La Lézarde. (1958) Nouvelle édition, Paris: Gallimard, 1997.
- Le Quatrième Siècle. (1964) Paris: Gallimard, 1997.
- Malemort. (1975). Nouvelle édition, Paris: Gallimard, 1997.
- La Case du commandeur. (1981) Nouvelle édition, Paris: Galliamard, 1997.
- Mahagony. (1987) Nouvelle édition, Paris: Gallimard, 1997.
- Tout-Monde. Paris: Gallimard, 1993.
- Sartorius: le roman des Batoutos. Paris: Gallimard, 1999.
- Ormerod. Paris: Gallimard, 2003.
- La Terre inquiète. Lithographies de Wilfredo Lam. Paris: Éditions du Dragon, 1955.
- Le Sel Noir. Paris: Seuil, 1960.
- Les Indes, Un Champ d’îles, La Terre inquète. Paris: Seuil, 1965.
- L’Intention poétique. (1969) (Poétique II) Nouvelle édition, Paris: Gallimard, 1997.
- Boises; histoire naturelle d’une aridité. Fort-de-France: Acoma, 1979.
- Le Sel noir; Le Sang rivé; Boises. Paris: Gallimard, 1983.
- Pays rêvé, pays réel. Paris: Seuil, 1985.
- Fastes. Toronto: Ed. du GREF, 1991.
- Poèmes complets. (Le Sang rivé; Un Champ d’îles; La Terre inquiète; Les Indes; Le Sel noir; Boises; Pays rêvé, pays réel; Fastes; Les Grands chaos). Paris: Gallimard, 1994.
- Le Monde incréé: Conte de ce que fut la Tragédie d’Askia; Parabole d’un Moulin de Martinique; La Folie Célat. Paris: Gallimard, 2000.
- Soleil de la conscience. (1956) (Poétique I) Nouvelle édition, Paris: Gallimard, 1997.
- L’Intention poétique (1969) (Poétique II) Nouvelle édition, Paris: Gallimard, Gallimard, 1997.
- Le Discours antillais. (1981) Paris: Gallimard, 1997.
- Poétique de la Relation. (Poétique III) Paris: Gallimard, 1990.
- Discours de Glendon. Suivi d’une bibliographie des écrits d’Edouard Glissant établie par Alain Baudot. Toronto: Ed. du GREF, 1990.
- Introduction à une poétique du divers. (1995) Paris: Gallimard, 1996.
- Faulkner, Mississippi. Paris: Stock, 1996; Paris: Gallimard (folio), 1998.
- Racisme blanc. Paris: Gallimard, 1998
- Traité du Tout-Monde. (Poétique IV) Paris: Gallimard, 1997.
- La Cohée du Lamentin. (Poétique V) Paris: Gallimard, 2005.
- Ethnicité d’aujourd’hui Paris : Gallimard, 2005.
- Une nouvelle région du monde. (Esthétique I) Paris: Gallimard, 2006.
- Mémoires des esclavages (avec un avant-propos de Dominique de Villepin). Paris: Gallimard, 2007.
- Quand les murs tombent. L’identité nationale hors-la-loi ? (avec Patrick Chamoiseau). Paris: Galaade, 2007.
- La terre magnétique : les errances de Rapa Nui, l’île de Pâques (avec Sylvie Séma). Paris: Seuil, 2007.
- Monsieur Toussaint. (1961) Nouvelle édition: Paris: Gallimard, 1998.
Translations of Glissant’s works
- A list of translations can be found on the “pensée archipélique” Glissant page.
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LeRoy ‘Granny’ Grannis was a veteran photographer. His portfolio of photography of surfing and related sea images from the 1960s enjoys a reputation that led The New York Times to dub him “the godfather of surfphotography.” He was born in Hermosa Beach, California.
|(August 12, 1917 – February 3, 2011)|
Living a beachfront childhood, by the age of five Grannis was taken swimming and bodysurfing by his father. Soon Grannis made himself a bellyboard from a piece of wood and rode it during vacations in his mother’s home state of Florida. In 1931, at age 14, his father gave him a 6′ x 2′ pine board from which he hacked a kneeboard using a drawknife. At Hermosa Pier, stand up surfing was the rage, so he began borrowing boards until he could get his own. Later a member of the Palos Verdes Surf Club, second only in America to the Corona Del Mar Surf Board Club, which was established in the late 1920s , he struggled to balance surf time with family and work.
Odd Jobs and War
Unable to afford an education at UCLA during the Depression, Grannis dropped out and found work as a carpenter, junkyard de-tinner and spent some years at Standard Oil. He enlisted in the U.S. Army Air Corps (now the Air Force) in 1943, serving as a pilot flying supply lines to troops in combat and remaining on active reserve until retiring as a major in 1977. Several fellow surf club members were employed with Pacific Bell, and Grannis joined them in 1946.
Peace and New Opportunities
He had already begun to venture into photography, and several of his pictures were featured in photo pioneer and close friend Doc Ball‘s 1946 book California Surfriders. He surfed the occasional contest during the ’50s, gradually settling into the role of assisting Hoppy Swarts at the controls during the early years of the United States Surfing Association. The telephone company job had given him an ulcer by 1959 and his doctor advised him to take up a hobby, and Ball suggested more serious photography.
His work soon appeared in prominent surf culture magazines of the time including Surfer, Reef and Surfing Illustrated. He quickly became one of the sport’s most important documentarians. Other photographers were shooting from the water, but they were forced to return to land to reload. Grannis developed a rubber-lined box that enabled him to change film in the lineup. He spent the decade in California and Hawaii, capturing the best surfers in the world riding the best surf. He was photo editor of Surfing Illustrated and of International Surfing, which he co-founded. He was named Grand Master of the 2007 Hermosa Beach Art Walk “Salute to 100 Summers.” 
Some Awards and Accomplishments
He was elected to the International Surfing Hall of Fame as the number one lensman in 1966 and in 2002 was awarded SIMA‘s Lifetime Achievement Award. Grannis was the subject of The Surfer’s Journal‘s first ode to master photographers in 1998 with a 1998 hardback compilation of Grannis’ 1960s photos entitled Photo:Grannis, and his work was later featured in Stacy Peralta‘s 2004 award-winning documentary of the sport, Riding Giants. In 2005, M+B Gallery in Los Angeles gave Grannis his first art gallery exhibition and since then, his photographs have been exhibited at galleries, art fairs and museums both at home and abroad, including New York, Los Angeles, Paris, London and Antwerp. In 2006, TASCHEN published LeRoy Grannis: Birth of a Culture as a limited-edition, signed collector’s edition monograph. Due to the extreme popularity of the book, TASCHEN has since released two additional popular editions of the book.
As said by Jason Borte, “Leroy Grannis wasn’t the first to depict the California lifestyle with his photos. It wasn’t his idea to begin shooting in the first place. His contributions to surfing photography occurred over a brief 12-year period, and he hasn’t much bothered with it since 1971. Nevertheless, most of the great images from the ’60s golden age of surfing, regardless of the magazine, bear the inscription “Photo: Grannis”. In 1971, fed up with increased competition for the perfect angle, Grannis quit shooting surfing and soon found himself involved in hang gliding. The sport replaced surfing in his life, and he held a brief stint as photographer for Hang Gliding magazine. Several injuries, including a badly fractured leg in 1981, caused him to find a new outlet. This time it was windsurfing. Until the late ’80s, Grannis both engaged in and photographed the sport.
Grannis moved with his wife to Carlsbad, California after retiring from Pacific Bell in 1977. Grannis married Katie LaVerne Tracy in 1939, when she was 20, and the couple had four children- Kit, Frank, Nancy, and John, six grandchildren- Robert, Cindy, Alan, Elizabeth, Alana, and Kaylee, and three great-grandchildren- Casey, Emily, and Dane, and two great-great grandchildren during their 69-year marriage before Katie died on December 3, 2008, at age 89. 
- Surf Photography of the 1960s and 1970s (2007) ISBN 9783822848593
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Levin was born in Much Wenlock, Shropshire. His first major position came when he joined Tubby Hayes‘ Quartet (1965-9). He worked with numerous groups and artists, including the Alan Skidmore quintet (1969), Humphrey Lyttelton band (1969), John Taylor (1970s), Ian Carr‘s Nucleus (1970s), Stan Sulzmann quartet, Gordon Beck‘s Gyroscope, duo with John Surman (1976), European Jazz Ensemble, Third Eye (1979), Rob van den Broeck (1982), Philip Catherine‘s trio and quartet (1990s), Sophia Domancich Trio (with Paul Rogers, double bass; 1991-2000), Philippe Aerts trio and quartet (2000s).
From 1980, Levin worked extensively with saxophonist Paul Dunmall, including as a member of the free jazz quartet Mujician, also with Paul Rogers (double bass) and Keith Tippett (piano). In 1994, Levin released his solo album Spiritual Empathy, again with Dunmall on saxophones. In 2006 he played a trio gig with Dunmall and Rogers featuring Ellery Eskelin, Ray Anderson, Tony Malaby as guests at John Zorn’s The Stone in NYC. He later recorded with Dunmall with his son Miles Levin on drums.
Levin ran his own monthly club in Birmingham, and often performed duets with Paul Dunmall and guest musicians.
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|(27 March 1952 – 3 February 2011)|
Schneider performed several nude scenes in Last Tango in Paris, which was controversial at the time. In an interview in 2007, Schneider described Last Tango in Paris director Bernardo Bertolucci: “He was fat and sweaty and very manipulative, both of Marlon and myself, and would do certain things to get a reaction from me.” As for her working relationship with Brando, she said that, while their relationship on the set was paternal, it was Brando who came up with the “butter scene” and it was not known to her until just before filming it:
She and Brando remained friends until his death, although they did not speak of the movie “for a while.” She also said that her experience with the film – and her treatment as a sex symbol rather than as a serious actress – motivated her never to do films with nude scenes again. Schneider also appeared in films such as Antonioni‘s The Passenger and Zeffirelli‘s Jane Eyre.
Schneider was born Marie Christine Gélin, the daughter of French actor Daniel Gélin, and Romanian-born Marie-Christine Schneider, who ran a bookstore in Paris. She met her father only three times and took her mother’s last name. In 1974, Schneider came out as bisexual. In early 1976, she abandoned the film set of Caligula and checked herself into a mental hospital in Rome for several days with a woman she described as her lover. This, coupled with her refusal to do nudity, led to Schneider’s dismissal and she was replaced by Teresa Ann Savoy.
The 1970s were turbulent years for Schneider, marked by drug addiction, overdoses, and a suicide attempt. By the 1980s, however, she had turned her life around: She has spoken of relationships with women before and, in 1975, went to a mental hospital in Rome and committed herself as a voluntary patient in order to be with her lover, photographer Joan Townsend.
“I was very lucky – I lost many friends to drugs – but I met someone in 1980 who helped me stop. I call this person my angel and we’ve been together ever since. I don’t say if it’s a man or a woman. That’s my secret garden. I like to keep it a mystery.”
She was awarded the medal of Chevalier, Ordre des Arts et des Lettres for her contributions to the arts on 1 July 2010 by Minister of Culture and Communication, Frédéric Mitterrand, who was her fellow actor in Jacques Rivette‘s film, Merry-Go-Round.
Maria Schneider died on 3 February 2011 from cancer at age 58. Remembering her, Bertolucci said, “Her death came too soon, before I could hold her again tenderly, and tell her that I felt connected to her as on the first day, and for once, to ask her to forgive me.” “Maria accused me of having robbed her of her youth and only today am I wondering whether there wasn’t some truth to that,” he added.
Her funeral was held on 10 February 2011 at Église Saint-Roch, Paris, attended by stars of cinema such as Dominique Besnehard, Bertrand Blier, Christine Boisson, Claudia Cardinale, Alain Delon, Andréa Ferreol, and numerous producers and directors, as well as her surviving partner, Pia, half-siblings Fiona and Manuel Gélin, and her uncle, Georges Schneider. Delon read out a letter from Brigitte Bardot, who took care of the teenaged Schneider and helped her begin her career in cinema. Schneider was cremated afterwards at Père Lachaise crematorium, and her ashes were later to be scattered at sea at the foot of the Rock of the Virgin in Biarritz, according to her last wishes.
- Les Femmes, 1969
- La Vieille fille, 1971
- Hellé, 1971
- Cari genitori (Dear Parents), 1972
- Last Tango in Paris, 1972
- Reigen (Dance of Love), 1973
- Jeune fille libre le soir (The Babysitter), 1975
- Professione: reporter (The Passenger), 1975
- Violanta, 1977
- Io sono mia (I Belong to Me), 1978
- Haine (Hate), 1979
- La Dérobade (Memoirs of a French Whore), 1979
- Een Vrouw als Eva (A Woman Like Eve), 1979
- Weiße Reise (White Travel), 1980
- Mamma Dracula (Mother Dracula), 1980
- Sezona mira u Parizu, 1981
- Merry-Go-Round, 1981
- Cercasi Gesù, 1982
- Balles perdues (Stray Bullets), 1982
- Résidence surveillée, 1987
- Bunker Palace Hôtel, 1989
- The Conviction (1991)
- Écrans de sable (Sand Screens), 1992
- Au pays des Juliets (In the Country of Juliets), 1992
- Savage Nights (Les Nuits fauves), 1992
- Jane Eyre, 1996
- Something to Believe In, 1998
- Les Acteurs (Actors), 2000
- The Repentant, 2002
- Maigret (TV series), 2004
- Au large de Bad Ragaz, 2004
- Perds pas la boule! (Short), 2006
- Quale amore, 2006
- La vie d’artiste, 2007
- La Clef (The Key), 2007
- A.D. La guerre de l’ombre (TV mini-series), 2008
- Cliente, 2008
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Tatyana Shmyga, Russian operetta singer and film actress (Hussar Ballad), People’s Artist of the USSR, died from vascular disease she was , 82.
Tatyana Ivanovna Shmyga was a Soviet-born Russian operetta/musical theatre performer. She went on to act in films as well. She was a People’s Artist of the USSR (1978) died from vascular disease she was , 82..
She graduated from the A.V. Lunacharskii State Institute of Theatrical Arts, where she studied voice under D.B. Beliavskaia and acting under I.M. Tumanov, later becoming a soloist with the Moscow Operetta Theater the same year. She began acting in films in 1962, notably appearing in Eldar Ryazanov‘s The Hussar Ballad.
Shmyga remains the only musical theatre actress to date to receive the title of People’s Artist of the USSR. She also received the M.I. Glinka State Prize of the RSFSR in 1974, the Order of the Badge of Honor and several other medals.
She was married three times: to television journalist Rudolf Borecki, to musical director Vladimir Kandelaki, and to composer Anatoly Kremer. It is not clear if she had any children.
She died in her native Moscow, aged 82, from vascular disease.
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Neil James Young was an English footballer who made more than 400 appearances in the Football League playing as a striker for Manchester City, Preston North End and Rochdale died from cancer he was , 66 ..
In total, Young scored 86 goals from 334 League games for Manchester City, scored the only goal in the 1969 FA Cup Final, and scored as City won the 1970 European Cup Winners’ Cup Final. Transferred to Preston North End for £48,000 during the 1971–72 season, he made 68 League appearances and scored 18 goals for the Deepdale club before finishing his senior career with Rochdale, where he spent the 1974–75 season.
(17 February 1944 – 3 February 2011)
Young was born in Fallowfield, Manchester, where he lived with his parents and older brother Chris. His house was half a mile from Manchester City‘s Maine Road ground, which was visible from the bedroom window. As a schoolboy he played for Manchester Boys, facing opponents who were two years older. After catching the eye of scout Harry Godwin, Young signed for Manchester City as an apprentice in 1959, turning down the opportunity to join Manchester United. Around this time he was capped by England at youth level.  He turned professional in July 1960, and made his first team debut in November 1961, in a 2–1 defeat against Aston Villa at Villa Park. After breaking into the team for the first time, Young played every match in the remainder of the 1961–62 season. He scored his first goal for the club on 23 December 1961, in a 3–0 home win against Ipswich Town. He finished his first season with 11 goals in 26 appearances.
Young’s first full season was not a successful one for Manchester City; the team struggled to find form throughout. A four match unbeaten run in April, in which Young scored a winning goal against Bolton Wanderers, gave hope, but on the final day of the season Manchester City were relegated to the Second Division. For the following two seasons Young continued to be a regular first team player, though he missed the first two months of the 1964–65 season. Manchester City did not come close to promotion, and their 11th place finish in 1965 was at that point the lowest in the club’s history. Manager George Poyser departed in April 1965, and in July 1965 his replacement, Joe Mercer, joined the club, along with coach Malcolm Allison.
Young missed the start of the 1965–66 season with an illness that resulted in a tonsillectomy. He marked his return to the team with two goals against Coventry City. Up until this point in his career, Young had usually played on the left wing. However, encouraged by Mercer and Allison to shoot more frequently, his position began to vary. Against Leyton Orient, Young was deployed as an inside forward, and scored a hat-trick. He also played inside-forward in an FA Cup tie against Leicester City, and scored the winning goal against a team from the division above. By January, Manchester City were top of the Second Division. The club only lost one match in the remainder of the season, and won the Second Division Championship by a five point margin. Young finished as the club’s highest goalscorer, with 17 goals.
Manchester City returned to the First Division for the 1966–67 season, and Young remained a key player. Before Manchester City’s game against Leeds United, Leeds manager Don Revie, known for his meticulous scouting of opposition teams, identified Young as a particular threat in a Grandstand interview. Operating mainly on the wing, Young scored less frequently than in the previous season, with 7 goals in 45 appearances.
Manchester City finished the 1966–67 season in mid-table, and continued in a similar vein at the start of the 1967–68 season, failing to win in their first three matches. A tactical switch saw Young and Mike Summerbee moved inside, and Young scored two goals in City’s first win of the season, 4–2 against Southampton. Four more wins followed immediately, including a 2–0 win against Newcastle United in which Young scored a goal and missed a penalty. Young remained at inside-forward for the rest of the season. Following the arrival of striker Francis Lee and a long unbeaten run, Manchester City entered the New Year as potential title contenders. In mid-March, a 5–1 win against Fulham in which Young scored two goals took Manchester City top of the table. The lead changed hands several times in the following six weeks, but as the teams entered the final round of fixtures, Manchester City travelled to Newcastle knowing a win would guarantee the championship. Young scored twice and had another disallowed as Manchester City won 4–3 to win the title, the first major honour of Young’s career. Young also finished the season as the club’s highest goalscorer with 20 goals.
The following season, Manchester City did not challenge for the title. However, they found more success in the FA Cup. Young played in every round as the club reached the 1969 FA Cup Final. The opponents in the final were Leicester City. As Leicester were struggling against relegation Manchester City were strong favourites. However, the game was a close affair. Midway through the first half, Mike Summerbee crossed the ball from the right, and Young hit a left foot shot past Peter Shilton into the roof of the net. The match finished 1–0, Young’s goal winning the Cup for Manchester City.
Cup success continued in 1969–70. The club reached and won the League Cup Final, though Young, who had played in all but one of the preceding rounds, was left out of the team for the final. A second final followed a month later, this time in European competition in the form of the European Cup Winners’ Cup. City faced Polish club Górnik Zabrze in the final, held at Prater Stadium in Vienna. Young scored the opening goal, from a rebound after a save by Hubert Kostka. Shortly before half-time Young was fouled in the penalty area by Kostka, and Francis Lee scored the resulting penalty. City won the match 2–1 to become the first English team to win a European and domestic trophy within the same season.
In late 1970, Young’s brother, Chris died aged 31, an event which affected Young deeply. His performances for Manchester City suffered as a result. He played approximately half the matches in the 1970–71 season, scoring only two goals. In the following season, he featured only rarely, and made his last appearance for the club on 16 October 1971, as a substitute against Leeds United.
In total, Young scored 86 goals from 334 league games for Manchester City. He was transferred to Second Division club Preston North End for £48,000 during the 1971–72 season. He made his debut for the club in a 0–0 draw against Birmingham City. He made 68 league appearances and scored 18 goals for the Deepdale club, but left after the club were relegated in the 1973–74 season. He finished his senior career with Rochdale, where he spent the 1974–75 season.
Young, widely regarded as one of Manchester City’s most important players of the modern era, though not as celebrated nationally as teammates Colin Bell, Francis Lee and Mike Summerbee, was inducted into the Manchester City Hall of Fame in 2008.
Young married his first wife, Margaret, when he was 19. The couple had a son and two daughters, and divorced in 1978. He also had a daughter with his second wife, Susan. Young married his third wife, Carmen, in 2003, having lived with her since 1989.
After retiring from football Young had many different jobs, including removals, managing a sports shop, delivering milk, working in a supermarket, and selling insurance. In his spare time he maintained his fitness by playing badminton, and after winning local tournaments, played the sport for Cheshire. During much of this period he struggled financially, to the point where he had to sell the family home and move in with his mother. Deeply depressed at this point in his life, at one point he attempted suicide. From the mid-1990s Young has coached school football teams in the area around his Cheshire home.
Young was diagnosed with terminal cancer in late 2010. Following a supporter campaign, Manchester City dedicated their FA Cup tie at Leicester on 9 January 2011 to Young. Supporters wore red and black (the colours City wore in the 1969 final against Leicester), with proceeds from specially made scarves being split between Young and Wythenshawe Hospital. He died on 3 February 2011, just two weeks shy of his 67th birthday.
|Club performance||League||Cup||League Cup||Total|
|England||League||FA Cup||League Cup||Total|
|1961–62||Manchester City||First Division||24||10||2||1||0||0||26||11|
|1972–73||Preston North End||Second Division|
- Manchester City
- First Division (1): 1967–68
- Second Division (1): 1965–66
- FA Cup (1): 1968–69
- FA Charity Shield (1): 1967–68
- UEFA Cup Winners’ Cup (1): 1969–70
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