(January 9, 1927 – February 4, 2011)
Early years and education
Frye was born to Jennings Bryan Frye, Sr. (1896-1970), and the former Fannie Mae Coyle (1900-1994) in Shongaloo south of Springhill in Webster Parish in northwestern Louisiana, where at the age of sixteen he graduated from Shongaloo High School. He enrolled in Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge, from which he received in 1966 his Ph.D. in education. On October 6, 1945, Frye wed the former Bettye Elmore (also born 1927), and left for stateside service in the United States Army two months after the conclusion of World War II.
His career began as a teacher/coach at Reeves High School in Reeves in Allen Parish in south Louisiana. He returned to his native region as a principal in three Webster Parish schools located in the Evergreen community north of the parish seat of Minden, Dubberly, and his native Shongaloo. He advanced to the Louisiana Department of Education in Baton Rouge and finally to Southeastern Louisiana University in Hammond, where he also served on the elected Tangipahoa Parish School Boardprior to 1990.
Campaign for state superintendent
In 1972, Frye sought the then elected, and since appointed, position of Louisiana state education superintendent. He won the Republican nomination over Otis Romaine Russell, 8,245 (81.4 percent) to 1,889 (18.6 percent). Russell is a former controversial Baton Rouge Teamsters Union attorney, who later confessed in 1980 during his legal disciplinary hearing to mental illness.This was the last closed primary held for state and local offices in Louisiana because the state switched to the nonpartisan blanket primary four years later.
Frye had expected to face the two-term Democratic incumbent, Bill Dodd, but Dodd was instead unseated in the party primary in 1971 by Louis J. Michot of Lafayette, a businessman, former state representative, and member of the State Board of Education. Frye ran against Michot on the GOP ticket headed by gubernatorial standard-bearer David C. Treen, then of Jefferson Parish in the New Orleans suburbs, who was opposing Edwin Washington Edwards. Other Republicans running statewide in the February 1, 1972, general election were former State Representative Morley A. Hudson of Shreveport, nominee for lieutenant governor and Tom Stagg of Shreveport, candidate for state attorney general. All of the statewide Republican candidates went down to defeat, but Treen led his party slate by polling 42.8 percent against Edwards, winner of the first of his four nonconsecutive terms in the office.
After Michot unseated Dodd, Frye telephoned him to offer congratulations. A few weeks later, Frye alleged that Michot, along with a brother, was operating a bar in Lafayette. Frye also claimed that Michot had offered him a high level job in a new Michot education department if Frye would withdraw from the general election contest. Michot denied the charges and easily prevailed, 662,597 votes (63.5 percent) to Frye’s 380,896 (36.5 percent). At the time Frye challenged Michot, the Republican Party in Louisiana numbered fewer than 38,000 registrants in the state; Frye henced polled ten times the votes of his own party base.Frye lost both his native Webster Parish as well as Tangipahoa, one of the Florida Parishes, where he was residing at the time of that campaign. Frye polled majorities in East Baton Rouge Parish and five north Louisiana parishes: Caddo, Ouachita, LaSalle, Lincoln, and Winn, the former stronghold of the Long political faction.
Death and family
Years later, Frye retired to Springhill, located just south of the Arkansas state boundary. He died at the age of eighty-four. In addition to his wife, he is survived by four children, Robert Randal Frye (born 1947) of Tulsa, Oklahoma, Bettye Rene Frye (born 1951) of Baton Rouge, Deborah Jean Frye Ferachi (born 1952), and husband, Kenneth Raymond “Kenny” Ferachi (born 1950), of Plaquemine in Iberville Parish south of Baton Rouge, and Kevin Dale Frye (born 1957) and wife Janice of Benton in Bossier Parish; a sister, Nona Rhea Walker (born 1920) of Baton Rouge; six grandchildren, and ten great-grandchildren. He was predeceased by his brother, Dr. Jennings Bryan Frye, Jr. (1918-2005), of Baton Rouge.
Frye’s obituary describes his “greatest pride as the children he knew and educated in schools and colleges.” Frye’s funeral services were held on February 7, 2011, at his home church, the First Baptist Church of Springhill. Interment followed in Springhill Cemetery.
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Jule Sugarman, American educator, creator and director of the Head Start Program, died from cancer he was , 83
(September 23, 1927 – November 2, 2010)
Born in Cincinnati to Melville Sugarman, a jeweler, and Rachel Meyer, a nursery school teacher, Sugarman entered Western Reserve University (later to become Case Western Reserve University). His studies were cut short by World War II, in which he served in the United States Army as a staff supply sergeant in Japan. He completed his undergraduate degree in public administration at American University.http://www.youtube.com/v/m0pNlACUXkI?fs=1&hl=en_US
Sugarman worked at various positions in the United States Civil Service Commission starting in 1951. From 1957-1959 he worked in the Office of Management and Budget. He then moved to the United States Department of Justice in the Federal Bureau of Prisons until 1962, when he took a position with the Bureau of Inter-American Affairs at the United States Department of State.
Sugarman, described by Edward Zigler as an “administrative genius”, served as the executive secretary of the 13-member planning panel that was commissioned by Lyndon Johnson to create Head Start as part of the War on Poverty. The team included specialists in education, pediatricians and psychologists who designed a program aimed at ending the cycle in which children become “inheritors of poverty’s curse”. Originally proposed as a summer program, Head Start quickly morphed into a year-long program. Sugarman took over as head of the program from Julius B. Richmond, the original holder of that post, when Richmond became ill.
Following the advice of Sargent Shriver of the Office of Economic Opportunity “to write Head Start across this land so that no Congress or president will ever destroy it”, Sugarman oversaw the immediate increase of enrollment in the program to more than double the projected number of participants, starting with 560,000 children in the first year versus a target of only 250,000. In subsequent years the program exceeded 700,000 participants. By the time of his death, Head Start was serving 900,000 children annually and had served 27 million children since its inception.
During the Presidency of Jimmy Carter, Sugarman served as vice chairman on the Civil Service Commission and in the Office of Personnel Management.
In 1992 Sugarman accepted the position of Interim executive director of the Gray Panthers, then on the brink of insolvency, to help the group reorganize its by-laws, its board of directors, and its fundraising.
Sugarman died at age 83 of cancer on November 2, 2010, at his home in Seattle. He was survived by his second wife, as well as three children and eight grandchildren. His first wife, Sheila Shanley Sugarman, had died in 1983, while a son had died in 2002.
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