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Who is Matt Kelly Barnes?

Who is Matt Kelly Barnes ? The basketball world knows Matt Barnes as an American professional basketball player who currently plays for the Los Angeles Clippers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).

High school years

Barnes was born March 9, 1980, he attended Del Campo High School in Fair Oaks, California, where he was a letterman in football and basketball. He earned All-American, All-State, All-CIF, All-City, and All-League honors in each sport.[1]

College and professional career

After a college career at UCLA, Barnes was a second-round draft choice of the Memphis Grizzlies in the 2002 NBA Draft. He was then traded that summer along with Nick Anderson to the Cleveland Cavaliers for Wesley Person, but was cut that October. He made his NBA debut with the Los Angeles Clippers in 2004, and signed with the Sacramento Kings later that year.
He was traded by the Kings halfway through the 2004–05 season along with Chris Webber to the 76ers, in exchange for Kenny Thomas, Corliss Williamson and Brian Skinner,
though he never suited up for a game with them due to knee tendinitis.
He was waived and then signed a free agent contract with the New York
Knicks in the 2005 NBA offseason. He was waived by the Knicks during the
2005–06 season after playing six games. He was then claimed by the 76ers to serve a second stint in Philadelphia,[2] where he finished out the season.
Barnes signed with the Golden State Warriors before their first day of training camp in October 2006,[3] and has effectively raised his status in the league since joining the team. With struggling forward Mike Dunleavy, Jr. placed on the bench, Barnes was given more playing time by coach Don Nelson. On December 26, 2006, he hit 7 three-point field goals to tie a Warriors franchise record.[4] The record was broken later that season by Jason Richardson, who hit 8 three-pointers on March 29, 2007.[5] Barnes, a high-school All-American wide receiver, says that if he had not been signed by the Warriors he would have tried out for the NFL.[6]

Before signing with Golden State, Barnes had only made 10 three-pointers in his career. In the 2006–07 season,
he made 106. After joining Golden State, Matt’s offense improved
impressively, from 3 points a game in Philadelphia to 9.8, appearing in
76 games. He also added a strong 2007 post-season, with 11.1 ppg and 5.7
rpg in eleven playoff games and helped the #8 seed Warriors take down
the #1 seed Mavericks in the 2007 playoffs.
On August 6, 2007, Barnes returned to the Warriors under a one-year contract.[7]
Barnes, along with teammates Stephen Jackson and Baron Davis, served as a Warriors team captain for the 2007–08 season.[8] He was not expected to return for the 2008–09 season.[9]
On July 22, 2008, Barnes signed a one-year contract with the Phoenix Suns.[10]
On November 14, 2008, Barnes was suspended for two games without pay for his role in a fight after a non-call foul on Rafer Alston.[11]
On July 23, 2009, Barnes signed a two-year deal with the Orlando Magic. Although he was able to opt out of his deal after the first year, Barnes stated that he would like to remain in Orlando.[12]
After the Magic were eliminated in the 2010 NBA Playoffs by the Boston Celtics, Barnes announced he would opt out of the final year of his contract.[13]
On July 23, 2010, he signed with the Lakers.[14] He signed with the Los Angeles Clippers in September 2012.[15] On October 31, 2012, the NBA suspended Barnes for one game.[16] In June 2013, Barnes was named Defensive Player of the Year for the Clippers.[17]

Career transactions

NBA career statistics

  GP Games played   GS  Games started  MPG  Minutes per game
 FG%  Field goal percentage  3P%  3-point field goal percentage  FT%  Free throw percentage
 RPG  Rebounds per game  APG  Assists per game  SPG  Steals per game
 BPG  Blocks per game  PPG  Points per game  Bold  Career high

Regular season

2003–04 L.A. Clippers 38 9 19.1 .457 .154 .705 4.0 1.3 .7 .1 4.5
2004–05 Sacramento 43 9 16.6 .411 .227 .603 3.1 1.3 .7 .2 3.8
2005–06 New York 6 5 15.5 .367 .250 .750 4.0 1.0 .7 .0 4.3
2005–06 Philadelphia 50 0 10.8 .536 .182 .674 1.9 .4 .3 .1 3.0
2006–07 Golden State 76 23 23.9 .438 .366 .732 4.6 2.1 1.0 .5 9.8
2007–08 Golden State 73 18 19.4 .423 .293 .747 4.4 1.9 .7 .5 6.7
2008–09 Phoenix 77 40 27.0 .423 .343 .743 5.5 2.8 .7 .3 10.2
2009–10 Orlando 81 58 25.9 .487 .319 .740 5.5 1.7 .7 .4 8.8
2010–11 L.A. Lakers 53 0 19.2 .470 .318 .779 4.3 1.3 .7 .4 6.7
2011–12 L.A. Lakers 63 16 22.9 .452 .333 .742 5.5 2.0 .6 .8 7.8
2012–13 L.A. Clippers 80 4 25.7 .462 .342 .744 4.6 1.5 1.0 .8 10.3
Career 640 182 21.9 .450 .331 .730 4.5 1.7 .7 .4 7.7


2007 Golden State 11 3 30.0 .450 .422 .722 5.7 2.4 1.5 .4 11.1
2010 Orlando 14 14 23.3 .400 .375 .850 4.7 1.4 .7 .2 6.4
2011 L.A. Lakers 10 0 13.1 .395 .167 .571 2.8 .5 .7 .2 3.6
2012 L.A. Lakers 11 0 16.8 .271 .161 .500 3.3 1.5 .9 .5 3.5
2013 L.A. Clippers 6 0 27.0 .545 .412 .842 5.0 .5 .7 .3 11.8
Career 52 17 21.8 .411 .328 .765 4.3 1.3 .9 .3 6.9


Barnes’ younger brother Jason plays football for the Toronto Argonauts in the Canadian Football League.
Barnes has twins with wife Basketball Wives and Basketball Wives: LA.att Barnes of the Los Angeles

Gloria Govan, who appeared in VH1’s

On November 13, 2013 Barnes was angry and frustrated after
his ejection, when he tried to break up a fight between Blake Griffin ans Ibaka. Barnes soon as he got to the locker room,
he took that anger and frustration straight to Twitter with an ugly
tweet in which he ripped his teammates with a racial slur.

Barnes quickly deleted the tweet, in which he wrote: “I love my
teammates like family, but I’m DONE standing up for these [n—-as]! All
this [expletive] does is cost me money..” but the impact of his word caused controversy, not because of such a poor use of wording!

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Who is Heidi Klum?

Who is Heidi Klum? The entertainment and modeling world knows Heidi Klum as a German-American model, television host, businesswoman, fashion designer, television producer, and occasional actress. In 2008, she became an American citizen while maintaining her native German citizenship.[3][4][5][6]
Klum became internationally known for her appearances on the cover of the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue. In 1997 she became the first German model to become a Victoria’s Secret Angel. Following a successful modeling career, Klum garnered acclaim as the host and judge of the reality show Project Runway which earned her an Emmy nomination in 2008 and a win in 2013 for Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program (shared with co-host Tim Gunn). She has worked as a spokesmodel for Dannon and H & M, and has appeared in numerous commercials for McDonald’s, Volkswagen and others. In 2009, Klum became Barbie‘s official ambassador on Barbie’s 50th anniversary. As an occasional actress, she had supporting roles in movies including Blow Dry (2001), Ella Enchanted (2004), and made cameo appearances on The Devil Wears Prada (2006) and Perfect Stranger (2007). She has also appeared on TV shows including Sex and the City and How I Met Your Mother. Currently, Klum is a judge on the NBC reality show America’s Got Talent.
In May 2011, Forbes magazine estimated Klum’s total earnings for that year as $20 million. She is ranked second on Forbes‘ list of the “World’s Top-Earning Models”, behind Gisele Bündchen. Forbes
noted that since ending her 13-year run as a Victoria’s Secret Angel,
Klum has become more of a businesswoman than a model. She was married to
English singer Seal from 2005 until 2012.

Early life and discovery

Klum was born June 1, 1973 and raised in Bergisch Gladbach, a town outside Cologne.
She is the daughter of Erna, a hairdresser, and Günther Klum, a
cosmetics-company executive. A friend convinced her to enroll in a
national modeling contest called “Model 92”.[7]
Out of 25,000 contestants, Klum was voted the winner on April 29, 1992
and offered a modeling contract worth US$300,000 by Thomas Zeumer, CEO
of Metropolitan Models New York.[8] After winning, she appeared on the Gottschalk Late Night Show, a top German television show with host Thomas Gottschalk.
She accepted the contract a few months later after graduating from
school and decided not to try for an apprentice position at a fashion
design school.[9]


Acting and modeling

Klum is the current host of Project Runway, filmed at the Parsons The New School for Design. She has been featured on the covers of Vogue, Elle, and Marie Claire, and became widely known after appearing on the cover of the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue and for her work with Victoria’s Secret as an “Angel”.[10] Klum has hosted the 2002, 2006, 2007, and 2009 Victoria’s Secret Fashion Shows. On October 1, 2010, the New York Post reported in its “Page Six” gossip column that Heidi Klum would be leaving Victoria’s Secret, which was later confirmed by Klum.[11]
In addition to working with well-known photographers on her first husband’s Sports Illustrated shoots, she was the object and subject of Joanne Gair body painting works in several editions from 1997 to 2010. She wrote the foreword to Gair’s book of body paint work, Body Painting, Masterpieces. She was a spokesmodel for McDonald’s, Braun, Dannon, H & M, and Liz Claiborne, among others. She is currently[when?] a celebrity spokesmodel for Jordache[12] and Volkswagen. In addition to modeling, she has appeared in several TV shows, including Spin City, Sex and the City, Yes, Dear, and How I Met Your Mother. She had a role as an ill-tempered hair model in the movie Blow Dry, played a giantess in the movie Ella Enchanted and was cast as Ursula Andress in The Life and Death of Peter Sellers. She had cameo appearances in The Devil Wears Prada and Perfect Stranger. Her other projects include dance and video games. She is featured in the 2006 James Bond video game Everything or Nothing, wherein she plays the villain Dr. Katya Nadanova.[13] She has appeared in several music videos, including Jamiroquai‘s video “Love Foolosophy” from their album A Funk Odyssey, Kelis‘s “Young, Fresh n’ New“, off her second 2001 album Wanderland and, most recently, the second video for her husband Seal‘s song “Secret” off his 2010 album Seal 6: Commitment. The latter video depicts the married couple sharing intimate moments while naked in bed; the concept was Klum’s idea.[14]
In July 2007, having earned $8 million in the previous 16 months, Klum was named by Forbes as third on the list of the World’s 15 Top-Earning Supermodels.[15] In 2008, Forbes estimated her income at $18 million, putting Klum in first place. For 2007, Forbes estimated her income at $16 million.[16] Klum is signed to IMG Models in New York City.[17] In 2008, Klum was a featured guest on an American Volkswagen commercial, where she was interviewed by a black Beetle.
When she commented that German engineering is so sexy, she caused the
Beetle to blush and turn red. She has been a part of several commercials
for Volkswagen and McDonald’s on German television.[18] In November 2008, Klum appeared in two versions of a Guitar Hero World Tour commercial, wherein she did a take on Tom Cruise‘s iconic underwear dancing scene in Risky Business. In both versions, she lip-synced to Bob Seger‘s “Old Time Rock and Roll” while dancing around the living room with the wireless guitar controller.[19]
In October 2009, Klum was the often-nude one-woman subject of Heidilicious,[20] a photo book by photographer Rankin.
Klum ventured into web-based videos, starring in “SPIKED HEEL:
Supermodels Battle the Forces of Evil”. The web-series starred model Coco Rocha and was directed by fashion documentarian Doug Keeve. In the story, Klum aka ‘The Kluminator,’[21]
and her stylish sidekick Coco “The Sassy Superhero” Rocha battle the
evil Dr. Faux Pas who is plotting to destroy Fashion Week. The heroines
employ everything from blow-dryer guns to fist fights, in order to
thwart Dr. Faux Pas’ dastardly plans. The Kluminator and Girl Wonder
avoid a chain of fashion disasters to neutralize a death ray that
threatens to vaporize the community of fashionistas gathered in Bryant
In 2010, Klum became the new face and creative advisor for European
cosmetics brand Astor, for which she sets artistic direction and designs
new products and fashion forward color collections.[23]
In October 2010, Klum parted ways with Victoria’s Secret after 13 years
of working with the brand. She provided a simple explanation in her
official statement, stating: “All good things have to come to an end. I
will always love Victoria and never tell her secret. It’s been an
absolute amazing time!”[24]
It was reported in May 2011 that Klum trails far behind Gisele Bündchen at No. 2 with estimated earnings of $20 million on Forbes list of the World’s Top-Earning Models (2010-2011). Forbes noted that since ending her 13-year run as a Victoria’s Secret Angel, Klum has become more of a businesswoman than a model. She’s partnered with New Balance and Amazon.com to launch a clothing line and signed a 20-episode deal to host a new show on Lifetime, called Seriously Funny Kids.[25] In fact, some noted fashion designers have long been commenting on Klum’s limited role as a fashion model. Karl Lagerfeld, for example, in 2009 agreed with German designer Wolfgang Joop, who called Klum after she had posed naked on the cover of the German edition of GQ magazine,[26] “no runway model. She is simply too heavy and has too big a bust”.[27] Lagerfeld observed that neither he nor Claudia Schiffer
knew Klum, as she has never worked in Paris and was insignificant in
the world of fashion, being “more bling bling and glamorous than current


In December 2004, Klum became the host, judge and executive producer of the reality show Project Runway
on the U.S. cable television channel Bravo (airing on Lifetime
television beginning in 2009), in which fashion designers compete for
the opportunity to show their line at New York Fashion Week
and receive money to launch their own fashion line. She received an
Emmy Award nomination for the show for each of the first four seasons.[29][30] In 2008, Klum and Project Runway received a Peabody Award, the first time a reality show won the award.[31] Klum was nominated for an Emmy in 2008 for “outstanding host of a reality or reality-competition show” for Project Runway, the first year that category was recognized by the Emmys.[30] Klum has been the host, judge and co-producer of Germany’s Next Topmodel,
the German version of the internationally successful reality television
show, since 2006. All seven seasons aired on the German TV station ProSieben.

Design and other business ventures

Klum designed clothing lines (one for men), featured in the German mail-order catalog “Otto“. She designed shoes for Birkenstock,[32] jewelry for Mouawad, a clothing line for Jordache, and swimsuits – featured in the 2002 Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue.[33]
She was one of the designers of the Victoria’s Secret lingerie line
“The Body”, named after the nickname she received following her first
Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show appearance.[34] Her Mouawad jewelry collection debuted on the cable shopping network QVC on September 14, 2006, and 14 of the 16 styles sold out after 36 minutes.[35] Klum’s clothing line for Jordache launched on April 30, 2008.[36]
Klum has two fragrances, called “Heidi Klum” and “Me”. She designed
makeup for Victoria’s Secret as part of their “Very Sexy Makeup
Collection”, titled “The Heidi Klum Collection”. The first run debuted
in Fall 2007. A second run was released in Fall 2008.[37] Klum was involved in the development of a namesake rose, the Heidi Klum rose,[38][39] which is available in Germany. For the 2008 US Open,
Klum designed a screen print t-shirt which was sold at the US Open
shop. It featured childlike butterfly pictures. Proceeds will go to a
non-profit organization maintaining the park, which is home to the US
Open.[40] Heidi became Barbie‘s official ambassador for the doll’s 50th anniversary in 2009, even having made a Barbie doll out of herself.[41] On April 1 that same year, she appeared on the CBS television special, I Get That a Lot,[42] as a girl working at a pizza shop. That same year, she appeared in advertising for Dannon’s Light & Fit brand.[43]
Klum and husband Seal announced in June 2010 that they will be making a reality series on Lifetime titled Love’s Divine (after Seal’s song of the same name.)[44]
In January 2010, Klum launched two lines of maternity wear: Lavish by
Heidi Klum for A Pea in the Pod, and Loved by Heidi Klum for Motherhood
Maternity. Klum stated, “I experienced fashion challenges during my four
pregnancies and combined my knowledge of what works in terms of style,
comfort and practicality to create these lines”.[45] In October 2010, Klum with New Balance, HKNB, launched a line of active woman’s wear fashion clothing on Amazon.com.[46] Klum is a “Real Celebrity” on the website Stardoll, where she has a line of virtual jewelry, and a virtual clothing line called Jordache. Users can go to Klum’s suite (address) and interact with her by doing interviews, sending pending requests or dressing Klum’s doll.[47]

Other work

Klum is an artist, and had several of her paintings appear in various
art magazines in the U.S. On September 27, 2002 she dedicated a
sculpture she painted called “Dog with Butterflies” to commemorate the
role of rescue dogs in the aftermath of September 11.[48] In 2004, Klum co-authored Heidi Klum’s Body of Knowledge with Elle
magazine editor Alexandra Postman. The book gives Klum’s biography as
well as her advice on becoming successful. Prior to that, Klum had been
an occasional guest columnist for the German television network RTL’s website. She wrote an essay for the German newspaper Die Zeit.[49]
In November 2006, Klum released her debut single “Wonderland“, written for a series of television advertisements for the German retailer “Douglas“.[50] Proceeds were given to a children’s charity in her hometown of Bergisch Gladbach. She contributed to her husband Seal’s 2007 album System, singing the duet “Wedding Day”, a song that Seal wrote for their wedding.[51] In March 2013, it was announced that Klum will be joining America’s Got Talent as the show’s new fourth judge.[52]

Personal life

In 1997, Klum married stylist Ric Pipino. The couple divorced in 2002.[53]
Klum began a relationship with Flavio Briatore (the managing director of Renault‘s Formula One team)[54]
in 2003. The following year, Klum publicly announced her pregnancy. She
gave birth to their first child, Helene Boshoven “Leni” Klum, in May,
2004 in New York City.[55]

Heidi and  Seal

In early 2004, while still pregnant with Leni, Klum began a relationship with musician Seal.[56]
With Briatore no longer involved in Heidi’s life, Seal became Leni’s de
facto father. Seal was present for Leni’s birth and Klum has stated
emphatically that “Seal is Leni’s father”.[57] Klum and Seal became engaged in December 2004 on a glacier in Whistler, British Columbia[58] and married on May 10, 2005 on a beach in Mexico.[59] They have three biological children together: sons Henry Gunther Ademola Dashtu Samuel (born 2005)[60] and Johan Riley Fyodor Taiwo Samuel (born 2006),[61] and daughter Lou Sulola Samuel (born 2009).[62] On November 21, 2009, Klum officially adopted Seal’s surname and became legally known as Heidi Samuel.[63] Soon after, in December 2009, Seal officially adopted Leni, and her last name was changed to Samuel.[64]
During their marriage, Klum and Seal renewed their vows to one another
each year on their anniversary in front of family and friends.[65] On January 22, 2012, the couple announced that they were separating after almost seven years of marriage.[66][67][68]
She filed for divorce from Seal three months later on April 6, 2012.
She also requested that her name be restored to her birth name of Heidi
Klum confirmed that she has been dating her bodyguard Martin Kristen since September 2012.[70]


Klum spends time at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles visiting patients.[71] On April 30, 2011, Klum led Walk for Kids, a community 5k to raise funds as part of the hospital’s community awareness efforts.[72]


Year Film[73] Role
1998 54 VIP Patron
1999 Spin City Herself
2000 Cursed Annika
2001 Blow Dry Jasmine
Sex and the City Herself
Zoolander Herself
2002 Malcolm in the Middle Toothless Hockey Player
Yes, Dear Herself
2003 Blue Collar Comedy Tour Victoria’s Secret Sales Girl
James Bond 007: Everything or Nothing (Video Game) Katya Nadanova (Voice)
CSI: Miami Herself
2004 Ella Enchanted Brumhilda
The Life and Death of Peter Sellers Ursula Andress
2004–present Project Runway Host and judge
2006 The Devil Wears Prada Herself
2006–present Germany’s Next Topmodel Host and judge
2007 Perfect Stranger Victoria’s Secret Party Host
2008 How I Met Your Mother Herself
2009–10 I Get That a Lot
2010 Desperate Housewives
2011 Hoodwinked Too! Hood vs. Evil
Seriously Funny Kids Host
2013 Parks and Recreation Danish Mayor[74]
2013–present America’s Got Talent Judge

Did you know who is Philip John Clapp?

Knoxville as Bad Grandpa

Did you know who is Philip John Clapp? The entertainment and acting world known him as Johnny Knoxville , is an American daredevil, actor, comedian, screenwriter and film producer. He is best known as a creator and cast member of the MTV series Jackass and his new movie Bap Grandpa..

Life and career

Early life

Knoxville was born March 11, 1971 in Knoxville, Tennessee to Lemoyne Clapp (née Houck), who taught Sunday school, and Philip Clapp, a tire/car salesman.[1][2][3] Knoxville credits a copy of Jack Kerouac‘s On 

Philip Clapp

the Road, given to him by his cousin, singer-songwriter Roger Alan Wade, with giving him the acting bug.[4]

[5] After graduating from South Young High School in 1989 in Knoxville, he moved to California to become an actor and appeared in commercials and as an extra.
When the “big break” he sought eluded him, he decided to create his own
opportunities by writing and pitching article ideas to various
magazines. An idea to test self-defense equipment on himself captured the interest of Jeff Tremaine‘s skateboarding magazine Big Brother, and the stunts were filmed and included in Big Brothers “Number Two” video.


Film and television roles

Knoxville has been in several feature films, most notably starring opposite Seann William Scott in Jay Chandrasekhar‘s adaptation of The Dukes of Hazzard. He starred in Jackass: The Movie, Jackass Number Two, and Jackass 3D (which marked the 10-year anniversary of the franchise). He played a two-headed alien in the 2002 film Men in Black II. Knoxville also worked with John Waters in A Dirty Shame in 2004, and appeared as a supporting character to The Rock in Walking Tall in the same year. He starred in Katrina Holden Bronson‘s Daltry Calhoun in 2005, and in The Ringer as an office worker who pretends to be disabled and joins the Special Olympics to pay for surgery for his office’s janitor. He starred in the movie Lords of Dogtown as Topper Burks, made a minor appearance in the 2000 movie Coyote Ugly, and was featured as a guest voice on two episodes of King of the Hill.
Knoxville appeared in the John Madden-directed adaptation of Elmore Leonard‘s novel, Killshot. He guest-starred in a Season 3 episode “Prank Wars” on Viva La Bam, in which he and Ryan Dunn trashed Bam Margera‘s Hummer and performed other pranks. He also voiced himself in an episode of Family Guy. Knoxville also co-produces The Dudesons in America and the now-canceled Nitro Circus on MTV. In 2010, Knoxville hosted a three-part online video for Palladium Boots titled Detroit Lives. The videos focus on the resurgence of creativity in Detroit.

Production credits

Jeff Tremaine Johnny Knoxville
 and Spike Jonze 

Knoxville has a production company called Dickhouse Productions, which he owns and operates with Jeff Tremaine and Spike Jonze of the Jackass franchise.[7] Dickhouse projects include The Birth of Big Air (Mat Hoffman that was part of ESPN‘s 30 for 30 series, and The Wild and Wonderful Whites of West Virginia (2010), both of which have been picked up by Tribeca Films.[8]
2010), a documentary about


Melanie Lynn Cates

Knoxville married Melanie Lynn Cates on May 15, 1995. They have a daughter, Madison (born 1996).[9] His daughter can be heard in the credits for Jackass Number Two, is seen in “The Making of Jackass Two” on the special features on the DVD, and was seen in the credits of Jackass 3D,
punching Tremaine with a boxing glove. After 11 years of marriage,[9] The marriage was legally ended in March 2008,[10] with final divorce arrangements settled in July 2009.[11] The former couple share custody of their daughter.

Knoxville, Naomi, Arlo and Rocko Clapp

couple separated in July 2006. Knoxville filed for divorce on July 3,
On August 18, 2009, Knoxville announced that he and his girlfriend Naomi Nelson were expecting a baby.[12] Nelson gave birth to a son, Rocko Akira Clapp, on December 20, 2009 in Los Angeles.[13] Knoxville and Nelson married on September 24, 2010.[14] Nelson gave birth to a daughter, Arlo Lemoyne Yoko Clapp, on October 6, 2011, in Los Angeles.[15]


On January 15, 2009 at the Los Angeles International Airport security workers discovered an inert grenade in his carry-on; he was detained and was cited for carrying a prohibited item into the airport.[16]
He was released following the investigation when it was determined that
the item was a prop from a commercial, and that an assistant had packed
his bag for him.[16]
On February 4, 2009, Knoxville explained on The Howard Stern Show how he tore his urethra during a stunt for Nitro Circus explaining how he had to flush it twice daily. He said this was done by “sticking a tube into his penis all the way up to his bladder” referring to the practice of catheterization, (10–11 inches). Knoxville said the process prevented scar tissue from forming.[17]


Feature films

Year Title Role Notes
1995 Desert Blues Bob
2000 Coyote Ugly College guy
2002 Life Without Dick Dick Rasmusson
Big Trouble Eddie Leadbetter
Deuces Wild Vinnie Fish
Men in Black II Scrad / Charlie
Jackass: The Movie Himself Writer
2003 Grand Theft Parsons Phil Kaufman
2004 Walking Tall Ray Templeton
A Dirty Shame Ray Ray Perkins
2005 Lords of Dogtown Topper Burks
The Dukes of Hazzard Luke Duke
Daltry Calhoun Daltry Calhoun
The Ringer Steve Barker
2006 Jackass Number Two Himself Writer and producer
2007 Jackass 2.5
2010 Father of Invention Troy Coangelo
Jackass 3D Himself Writer and producer
Detroit Lives Documentary
2011 Jackass 3.5
The Dry Gulch Kid Bobby Ryder
2012 Nature Calls Kirk
Fun Size Jörgen
2013 The Last Stand Lewis Dinkum
Movie 43 Pete
Small Apartments Tommy Balls
Jackass Presents: Bad Grandpa Irving Zisman Writer and producer


Year Title Role Notes
1992 The Ben Stiller Show Cure fan 1 episode
1999 boob Himself
2000–2002 Jackass 25 episodes
2001 Don’t Try This at Home: The Steve-O Video
The Andy Dick Show Wannabe Andy Dick 2 episodes
2001–2005 The Tonight Show with Jay Leno Himself 3 episodes
2001–2010 The Daily Show 4 episodes
2002 CKY 4 Latest & Greatest
Jackass Backyard BBQ
MTV Cribs 1 episode
Howard Stern 2 episodes
2003–2006 Wildboyz 10 episodes
2003–2009 Late Night with Conan O’Brien 5 episodes
2003 Player$ 1 episode
V Graham Norton
Australian Idol
2004 SexTV
Viva La Bam
2004–2010 Late Show with David Letterman 4 episodes
2005 Sunrise 1 episode
Good Morning Australia
The Ellen DeGeneres Show
Jackass: Gumball 3000 Rally Special
Saturday Night Live 2 episodes
2005–2010 Jimmy Kimmel Live! 8 episodes
Last Call with Carson Daly 2 episodes
2006 King of the Hill Peter Sterling 1 episode
The Henry Rollins Show Himself
Howard Stern on Demand
2007 Adventures in Hollyhood
2008 WWE Raw
Jackass World 24 Hour Takeover
Family Guy
King of the Hill Hoyt Platter
Unhitched Chuck
2009 Dogg After Dark Himself
Dancing with the Stars 3 episodes
Rob Dyrdek’s Fantasy Factory 1 episode
Nitro Circus 10 episodes
Creator and executive producer
The Goode Family Dean 1 episode
2010 The Dudesons Himself
The Dudesons in America 3 episodes
Late Night with Jimmy Fallon 1 episode
The Graham Norton Show
2011 Ridiculousness
2012 Loiter Squad
SpongeBob SquarePants Johnny Krill

Who is Kimberly Noel Kardashian?

Ray J and Kim

Who is Kimberly Noel Kardashian? The entertainment and acting world knows her as television personality, fashion designer, model, and actress. Born and raised in Los Angeles, California, she first garnered media attention through her then-friend Paris Hilton. In 2007, Kardashian came to prominence after a sex tape with her then-boyfriend Ray J was leaked. Later that year, she and her family were reality television series Keeping Up with the Kardashians. Its success has led to the creation of spin-offs including Kourtney and Kim Take New York and Kourtney and Kim Take Miami. In 2010, Kardashian was named the highest-paid reality television personality, with estimated earnings of $6 million.
commissioned to star in the

Kim Kardasian, she is an American

In August 2011, Kardashian married basketball player Kris Humphries
in a widely-publicized ceremony. However, following 72 days of
marriage, she garnered significant criticism after filing for divorce
that October, labeling their nuptials a publicity stunt. In June 2013,
their divorce was finalized with an undisclosed settlement. Kardashian
began a relationship with rapper Kanye West in 2012, and gave birth to their daughter North West the following year.

With sisters Kourtney and Khloé,
Kardashian is involved in the retail and fashion industries. They have
launched several clothing collections and fragrances, and additionally
released the book Kardashian Konfidential in 2010.

Life and career

1980–2007: Early life and sex tape

Kimberly Noel Kardashian was born October 21, 1980 in Los Angeles, California on October 21, 1980, to Robert and Kris (née Houghton).[2] She has an older sister Kourtney, a younger sister Khloé, and a younger brother Rob.[3] Their mother is of Dutch, English, and Scottish ancestry,[4] while their father was a third-generation Armenian American.[5] After their parents divorced in 1991,[6] Houghton remarried to the 1976 Summer Olympics decathlon winner Bruce Jenner in 1991.[7] Through their marriage, Kardashian gained step-brothers Burton “Burt”, Brandon, and Brody; step-sister Casey; and half-sisters Kendall and Kylie.[8][9]

As a teenager, she attended Marymount High School, a Roman Catholic all-girls school in Los Angeles.[10] In 1994, her father garnered public attention as the primary defense lawyer for football player O.J. Simpson during his murder trial. In 2003, Robert Kardashian was diagnosed with esophageal cancer, and died that September.[11]

In 2000, a 19-year-old Kardashian eloped to music producer Damon Thomas.
Thomas filed for divorce in 2003, though Kardashian later credited
their separation to physical and emotional abuse on his part.[12] During this time, Kardashian was also close friends with socialite Paris Hilton, through whom she first garnered media attention.[13] Prior to the finalization of her divorce, Kardashian began dating singer Ray J, the younger brother of Brandy Norwood.[14] In February 2007, a sex tape made by Kardashian and Ray J in 2003 was leaked.[15][16] Kardashian filed a lawsuit against Vivid Entertainment, who distributed the film as Kim K Superstar, and dropped the suit and settled for $5 million.[17][18]

2007–09: Career beginnings

Keeping Up with the Kardashians.

In October 2007, Kardashian, in addition to her mother Kris; her
step-father Bruce; her siblings Kourtney, reality television series Keeping Up with the Kardashians.[19] The series proved successful for E!, the network in which it is broadcast, and has led to the creations of spin-offs including Kourtney and Kim Take New York and Kourtney and Kim Take Miami.[20] That December, Kardashian posed for a nude pictorial for Playboy.[21]

Khloé, and Rob; and
half-sisters Kendall and Kylie were commissioned to star in the

In 2008, Kardashian made her feature film debut in the disaster film spoof Disaster Movie, in which she appeared as a character named Lisa.[22][23] That year, she was announced as one of thirteen participants on the seventh season of Dancing with the Stars, where she was partnered with Mark Ballas. Kardashian was the third contestant to be eliminated.[24]

In January 2009, Kardashian guest starred as herself during an episode of the sitcom How I Met Your Mother in the episode “Benefits“.[25] That March, she launched an endorsement with ShoeDazzle shopping,[26] of which she is the co-founder and chief fashion stylist.[27]
She then endorsed multiple other projects including a vanilla cupcake
mix flavor called ‘Va-Va-Va-Nilla’ for the Los Angeles bakery, Famous
Cupcakes.[27] In April, she released a workout DVD series, Fit in Your Jeans by Friday, with trainers Jennifer Galardi and Patrick Goudeau.[28][29] In June, it was announced that Kardashian was to star as Elle in the television series Beyond the Break.[30] August saw Kardashian become a guest host of WrestleMania XXIV and guest judge on America’s Next Top Model.[31] In September, Fusion Beauty and Seven Bar Foundation
launched “Kiss Away Poverty”, with Kardashian as the face of the
campaign. For every LipFusion lipgloss sold, $1 went to the Foundation
to fund women entrepreneurs in the US.[32] The following month, she released her first fragrance titled “Kim Kardashian”.[33][34] On December 16, 2009, Kardashian made a guest star appearance on CBS‘s CSI: NY with Vanessa Minnillo.[35][36]

2010–11: International success

2010 saw Kardashian venture into several new endorsement deals, including endorsing various food products for Carl’s Jr.[27][37] Beginning in early 2010, Kardashian and her sisters designed and developed clothing lines for Bebe stores and ‘Virgins, Saints, and Angels’.[38][39][40] In January 2010, she starred as Summa Eve in the film Deep in the Valley[35] In April, Kardashian sparked controversy over the way she held a kitten for a photograph, holding it by the scruff of its neck.[41] Animal rights organization PETA
criticized Kardashian for repeatedly wearing fur coats, and named her
as one of the five worst people or organizations of 2010 when it came to
animal welfare.[42] June saw Kardashian guest star with Khloé and Kourtney as herself on the season three premiere episode of the series 90210.[43] That same month, Kardashian was involved in a lawsuit against one of her endorsments. Sanford Siegal, the creator of the Cookie Diet, sued Kardashian, claiming she defamed
him on Twitter. According to Siegal, Kardashian tweeted in October 2009
that he was “falsely promoting” that she was on the cookie diet. Siegal
filed a claim in a Florida state court charging that her statements
were false and defamatory. He also alleged that Kardashian was on
QuickTrim’s payroll when she posted the tweet. Kardashian’s tweet
appears to stem from an article on CookieDiet.com, that named Kardashian
as one of many celebrities who saw positive results on the diet.
Kardashian sent a cease-and-desist order to Siegal, demanding the link be removed.[44] Additionally, Kardashian and her sisters released a sunless tanner “Kardashian Glamour Tan”, that month.[45]

On July 1, 2010, the New York City branch of Madame Tussauds revealed a wax figure of Kardashian.[46]

In November, Kardashian served as producer for The Spin Crowd, a reality television show about Command PR, a New York City public relations
firm, run by Jonathan Cheban and Simon Huck. The show followed them as
they settle into their new offices in Los Angeles. Kardashian is friends
with both, specifically Cheban, who frequently appears on her reality
shows.[47] That month, she also appeared on the tenth season of The Apprentice.[48][49] Kim, Kourtney, and Khloé wrote an autobiography titled Kardashian Konfidential, which was released in stores on November 23, and appeared on New York Timess Best Seller List.[50][51]

In December 2010, Kardashian filmed a music video for a song titled “Jam (Turn It Up)“. The video was directed by Hype Williams; Kanye West makes a cameo in the video.[52] Kardashian premiered the song during a New Year’s Eve party at TAO Las Vegas on December 31, 2010.[53] The song was produced by The-Dream and Tricky Stewart.
When asked if an album was in the works, Kardashian replied, “There’s
no album in the works or anything—just one song we did for Kourtney and Kim Take New York,
and a video Hype Williams directed, half of the proceeds we’re giving
away to a cancer foundation, because The-Dream’s and one of my parents
passed away from cancer. It’s just all having fun—with a good cause”.[54] Jim Farber, writing for the Daily News,
called the song a “dead-brained piece of generic dance music, without a
single distinguishing feature,” and suggested that the single made
Kardashian the “worst singer in the reality TV universe.”[55] That month, it was announced by the International Business Times that Kardashian’s 2010 earnings were the highest among Hollywood-based reality stars, being estimated at $6 million.[56][57]

2011: Marriage to Kris Humphries

Kardashian, who has supported recognition of the Armenian Genocide on numerous occasions, encouraged American President Barack Obama and the United States government
to consider its acknowledgement. On April 21, 2011, days before the
96th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide, Kardashian wrote about the
issue on her blog and sent a tweet to her fans, urging its recognition.[58] That April, she also released her third fragrance “Gold”.[33] In May, she became engaged to NBA player Kris Humphries, then of the New Jersey Nets, whom she had been dating since October 2010.[59] They were married during an extravagant wedding ceremony on August 20 in Montecito, California.[60] Earlier that month, she had released her “wedding fragrance” called “Kim Kardashian Love” which coincided with her own wedding.[33][61] A two-part TV special showing the preparations and the wedding itself aired on E! in early October 2011, amidst what The Washington Post called a “media blitz” related to the wedding.[62] Also in October, Kardashian and her sisters opened their Kardashian Khaos store in Las Vegas.[63] After 72 days of marriage, Kardashian filed for divorce from Humphries on October 31, citing irreconcilable differences.[64] After filing for the divorce, Kardashian asked the court to order Humphries to pay his own legal expenses.[65] On December 1, Humphries filed his response to Kardashian’s petition, requesting an annulment on the grounds of fraud or if the court would not grant an annulment, a decree of legal separation rather than Kardashian’s requested divorce.[66]
Several news outlets surmised that Kardashian’s marriage to Humphries
was merely a publicity stunt, to promote the Kardashian family’s brand
and their subsequent television ventures.[67]
Her former publicist also claimed that her short-lived wedding was
indeed staged and a ploy to generate money. Kardashian filed suit
against him, saying his claims were untrue.[68] A widely circulated petition asking to remove all Kardashian-related programming from the air followed the split.[69]

2012–present: Pregnancy and motherhood

In March 2012, Kardashian debuted her fourth fragrance titled “True Reflection”, which she worked with the company Dress for Success to promote.[70] That month, Kardashian and her sisters were named in a $5 million class action lawsuit against QuickTrim, the weight loss supplement they endorse.[71] The complaint, filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York,
accuses the Kardashians (along with QuickTrim’s manufacturer, Windmill
Health Products; the retailer GNC; and others in the salesconsumer protection laws.[72] In April, E! renewed Keeping Up with the Kardashians for two additional seasons, in a deal reported to be worth $50 million.[73][74] Kardashian also began dating American rapper and longtime friend[75] Kanye West that month,[76]
though she remained legally married to Humphries. In October 2012,
Kardashian released her fifth fragrance, “Glam”, which “draws on the
glamour of her Hollywood lifestyle”, and was made available through Debenhams.[77] In November, Kardashian and her sisters internationally launched the ‘Kardashian Collection’ in England,[78][79] as well as launching a line of cosmetics, ‘Khroma Beauty’.[80] On December 31, 2012, Kardashian and West announced that she was pregnant with the couple’s first child,[81][82] a girl.[83][84]
and marketing
chain) of false and deceptive marketing of the diet aid. The
plaintiffs, hailing from several states, brought claims under their
respective states’

In February 2013, a judge ruled that Kardashian’s divorce case with Humphries would go to trial, and set a trial date for May.[85]
However, on April 19, 536 days after Kardashian’s initial divorce
filing, she and Humphries reached an undisclosed divorce settlement,
avoiding a trial.[86][87] The divorce was legally finalized on June 3.[88] Kardashian gave birth to her daughter with West, named North West, on June 15 at the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, five weeks prior to her due date.[84][89][90] Kardashian and West became engaged on October 21, Kardashian’s 33rd birthday,[91][92] when West rented out AT&T Park in San Francisco and projected a proposal message on the stadium screen in front of Kardashian’s assembled friends and family members.[93]


Acting credits

Acting credits
Year Title Role Notes
2008 Disaster Movie Lisa Taylor[94]
2009 CSI: NY Debbie Fallon[95] TV series (1 episode: “Second Chances”)
2009 Beyond the Break Elle[96] TV series (4 episodes)
2009 Deep in the Valley Summa Eve[97]
2012 Drop Dead Diva Nikki LePree[98] TV series (4 episodes)
2013 Temptation: Confessions of a Marriage Counselor Ava[99]
2013 American Dad! Alien character (voice) season 10[100][101]

As herself

As herself
Year Title Notes
2003–2006 The Simple Life TV series (3 episodes)
2007–present Keeping Up with the Kardashians TV series
2008 Dancing with the Stars TV series (6 episodes)[102]
2009–present Kourtney and Khloé Take Miami TV series[103]
2009 America’s Next Top Model TV series (1 episode: “Interview 101”)[104]
2009 How I Met Your Mother TV series (1 episode: “Benefits”)[105]
2010 90210 TV series (1 episode: “Senior Year, Baby”)[106]
2011 Khloé & Lamar TV series (3 episodes)[107]
2011–2012 Kourtney and Kim Take New York TV series (18 episodes)[108]
2011 America’s Next Top Model TV series (1 episode: “LaToya Jackson”)[109][110]
2012 Last Man Standing TV series (1 episode: “Tree of Strife”)[111]
2012 30 Rock TV series (1 episode: “Live From Studio 6H”) West Coast Version[112]
2012 Punk’d TV series (1 episode)[113]



Chart (2011) Title Peak
U.S. Billboard Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles[114] Jam (Turn It Up) 17

Awards and nominations

Year Nominated work Award Result
2008 Keeping Up with the Kardashians Teen Choice Award Choice TV Female Reality/Variety Star Nominated[115]
2009 Disaster Movie Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Supporting Actress Worst Supporting Actress Nominated[116]
2009 Keeping Up with the Kardashians Teen Choice Award Choice TV: Female Reality/Variety Star Nominated[117]
2010 N/A Teen Choice Award Choice Female Hottie Nominated[118]
2010 N/A Teen Choice Award Choice Twit Nominated
2010 Keeping Up with the Kardashians Teen Choice Award Choice Female Reality/Variety Star (shared with Kourtney, Khloe, Rob, and Kris) Won[118]
2011 N/A Teen Choice Award Choice Female Hottie Nominated[119]
2011 Keeping Up with the Kardashians Choice TV: Female Reality/Variety Star (shared with Kourtney, Khloe, Rob, and Kris) Won[120]
2012 N/A Favorite TV Celeb Reality Star Won[121]
2012 Keeping Up with the Kardashians Choice TV: Female Reality/Variety Star (shared with Kourtney, Khloe, Rob, and Kris) Won[122]
2013 Keeping Up with the Kardashians Teen Choice Award Choice TV: Female Reality/Variety Star (shared with Kourtney, Khloe, Rob, Kris, Kendall, Kylie, and Bruce) Won[123]


To see more of Who Is click here

Who is TLC?

Who is TLC? The entertainment and music world knows girl group in music history, whose repertoire spanned R&B, hip hop, soul, funk, and new jack swing. Originally composed of singer Tionne “T-Boz” Watkins, rapper Lisa “Left Eye” Lopes and singer Rozonda “Chilli” Thomas the group was very successful in the 1990s in spite of numerous spats with the law, each other, and the group’s record label.

TLC as the most successful American

TLCs debut album Ooooooohhh… On the TLC Tip sold 6 million copies worldwide. However, this success was surpassed by their second album, CrazySexyCool, which was certified diamond by the RIAA — a first for a female group; it eventually sold 23 million copies worldwide.[4] Five years later, in 1999, the group released their third album FanMail, which debuted at number one and sold more than 11 million copies worldwide. The subsequent tour
became the highest grossing tour of all time by a female band. In 2002,
Lisa “Left Eye” Lopes died in a car accident in Honduras. Seven months
later, T-Boz and Chilli released the group’s fourth album 3D, which sold 2 million copies worldwide, scored the Top 40 hit “Girl Talk“, and earned two Grammy Awards nominations. It featured previously unreleased vocals from Left Eye.

Billboard magazine ranked TLC as one of the greatest musical trios.[5] Between 1992 and 2003, the band had ten top ten singles, four number one singles, four multi-platinum albums, and won five Grammy Awards. At the end of 1999, TLC was ranked as the seventh most successful act of the 1990s by Billboard.
In 2008, the group was inducted into the All Time Hot 100 Artist Hall
of Fame by the same magazine, at 56th place. That year it was also
listed as the #25 R&B/hip-hop artist of the preceding 25 years.[6] According to the RIAA, TLC has sold more than 23 million albums and 6.5 million singles in the United States alone.[7] Worldwide they have sold more than 65 million records[8] and are ranked as the second best selling female group of all time, behind the Spice Girls.[9] In 2012, TLC ranked 12th on VH1’s 100 Greatest Women in Music, and as the number one all girl group.[10]


In 1990–1991, Atlanta, Georgia, teen Crystal Jones put out a call for two more girls to join her in a trio to be called 2nd Nature. Her request was eventually answered by Tionne Watkins, a native of Des Moines, Iowa, who moved to Atlanta with her family at an early age, and Lisa Lopes, a rapper who had just moved to the city from her native Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, with only a keyboard and US$750 ($1,340 today).

The group eventually managed to arrange an audition with R&B singer Perri “Pebbles” Reid,
who had started her own management and production company, Pebbitone.
Impressed by the girls, Reid renamed the group “TLC” (an initialism of
the first letters of each of their names) and arranged an audition for
them with local record label LaFace Records, run by Kenneth “Babyface” Edmonds, and then husband, Antonio “L.A.” Reid. The latter Reid saw potential in Watkins and Lopes but felt that Jones should be replaced; within a few days, part-time Damian Dame backup dancer Rozonda Thomas
was brought in to replace Jones. Thomas was christened with the
nickname “Chilli” so as to keep the TLC name, while Watkins became
“T-Boz” and Lopes was named “Left Eye”. The girls were signed to LaFace
through a production deal with Pebbitone (with Perri Reid taking the
role of the group’s manager) (see artist development deal) and immediately went into the studio with producers Reid and Edmonds, Dallas Austin, Jermaine Dupri, and Marley Marl to produce their first album.

1991–94: Ooooooohhh… On the TLC Tip

The first TLC album, Ooooooohhh… On the TLC Tip,
was released on February 25, 1992 by LaFace. The songs on the album are
a blend of funk (Watkins), hip-hop (Lopes), and R&B (Thomas),
similar to the “new jack swing” sound popularized by producer Teddy Riley in the late 1980s (and TLC’s sound was sometimes cited as an example of the “new jack swing” genre).[11] The album was a critical and commercial success, being certified quadruple-platinum within a year and launching a number of US Hot 100 top-ten singles with “Ain’t 2 Proud 2 Beg“, “What About Your Friends“, and “Baby-Baby-Baby” which reached No. 2 on the Hot 100.

TLC’s lyrics, chiefly written by Lopes and Dallas Austin, were
playful, female-empowering anthems characterized by Lopes’s quirky,
nasal-toned raps, Watkins’s low-voiced lead vocals, and Thomas’s
powerful vocals and harmonization. The musical formula was augmented by
the girls’ brightly colored videos and curious costuming: each girl wore
wrapped condoms on their clothing (Lopes also wore one over her left
eye in a pair of glasses).

During TLC’s first national tour, as MC Hammer‘s opening act, Lopes and Thomas discovered that Watkins had sickle-cell disease, an ailment which she kept a closely guarded secret until she became ill while TLC was touring the Southwest US.
Watkins continued to battle her condition and eventually became a
spokesperson for the Sickle Cell Disease Association of America in the
late 1990s.[12]
At the conclusion of the tour, TLC decided to take more control of
their careers and thus informed Perri Reid that they no longer wished
her to be their manager. Reid released the group from its management
deal, but they remained signed to Pebbitone, and Reid continued to
receive a share of their earnings. Also in 1994, TLC played the musical
group “Sex as a Weapon” in the New Line Cinema feature film House Party
3, starring Kid ‘n Play.

1993–96: CrazySexyCool

Lopes began dating Atlanta Falcons American football player Andre Rison shortly after the release of Oooohhh… On the TLC Tip,
and by 1994 the two were living together in Rison’s upscale
double-story home. Their relationship was allegedly filled with violent
moments, and Lopes filed an assault charge against Rison on September 2,
1993. Rison denied battering her. Lopes was also battling alcoholism
at the time. She had been a heavy drinker since the age of fifteen.
After another fight between the couple in the early morning hours of
June 9, 1994, Lopes tossed numerous pairs of Rison’s newly purchased
shoes into a bathtub, doused them with lighter fluid, and lit them on fire. The plexiglas
bathtub quickly melted and set the structural frame of the house on
fire. Lopes was arrested and indicted on charges of first-degree arson; she was sentenced to five years of probation and a $10,000 fine. Rison eventually reconciled with Lopes, and they continued dating on and off for seven years.[13]

During early 1994, TLC re-entered the studio with Dallas Austin, Tim & Bob, Arnold Hennings, Jermaine Dupri, Babyface, Organized Noize, and Sean “Puffy” Combs to record their second album, CrazySexyCool.
Lopes was released from rehab to attend the recording sessions, but the
finished album featured significantly less of her raps and vocals. The
album instead focused more on the contributions from Watkins and Thomas,
and had a smoother, more fluid sound, similar to the most successful
single from the first album, the US #2 hit “Baby-Baby-Baby”.[14] All four singles from CrazySexyCool reached the top 5 of the US Hot 100, while “Creep” and “Waterfalls” peaked at no. 1, while Red Light Special reached no. 2 and “Diggin’ on You” reached no. 5. “Waterfalls”,[14] an Organized Noise-produced song that featured an old-school soul-based
musical arrangement, socially conscious lyrics criticizing drug dealing
and unsafe sex, and an introspective rap from Lopes, became TLC’s
biggest hit, and its million-dollar music video was an MTV staple for
many months. Also in 1994, TLC recorded the theme song to Nickelodeon‘s popular sketch comedy All That which was produced and co-written by Arnold Hennings which ran for ten seasons.

CrazySexyCool eventually sold over 11 million copies in the US, and became one of the first albums to ever receive a diamond certification from the RIAA,[11] and won a 1996 Grammy Award for Best R&B Album and a 1996 Grammy Award for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group for “Creep”.[15] However, in the midst of their apparent success, the members of TLC filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on July 3, 1995.[16]

They declared debts totaling $3.5 million, much of it because of
Lopes’ insurance payments arising from the arson incident and Watkins’
medical bills, but the primary reason being that each member of the
group was taking home less than $35,000 a year after paying managers,
producers, expenses, and taxes. They sought to renegotiate their 1991
contract with LaFace, under which they only received seven percent of
the revenues from their album sales, and to dissolve their association
with Pebbitone. Both Pebbitone and LaFace countered that TLC simply
wanted more money and were in no real financial danger, resulting in two
years of legal debates before the cases were finally settled
in late 1996. TLC’s contract was renegotiated, their production deal
with Pebbitone and Perri Reid (who had separated from her husband by
this time) was rescinded, and the group appeared on the Waiting to Exhale soundtrack
with “This Is How It Works” (a song written by Babyface and Lopes) and
was set to re-enter the recording studio in 1997 after signing a new
contract with LaFace/Arista.

1997–2000: FanMail

Preliminary work on TLC’s third album, FanMail, was delayed when friction arose between the group and their main producer Dallas Austin,
who was by this time dating Thomas and helping to raise their young son
Tron. Austin wanted $4.2 million and creative control to work on the
project, resulting in a stand-off between the producer and the artists.
During this period, Thomas appeared in the independent film HavPlenty, and Watkins co-starred in Hype Williams (who later directed the “No Scrubs” video)’ 1998 film Belly with rappers Nas and DMX.
Watkins made a solo song in late 1996 called “Touch Myself”. Lopes
started her own Production Company Lopes Productions artist development
company and signed Blaque, a TLC-like female R&B trio. She also appeared on the “Not Tonight” remix with fellow female rappers Lil’ Kim, Missy “Misdemeanor” Elliott, Da Brat and Angie Martinez, which garnered a Grammy nomination for Best Rap Performance by a Duo, Band, or Group in 1998.

TLC eventually began working with other producers for the FanMail album, until finally negotiating with Austin, who produced the bulk of FanMail and gave the album a futuristic, more pop-based feel. FanMail
was another success for TLC, debuting at No. 1 on the Billboard 200
album sales chart and selling over 6 million copies in the U.S. The
album featured the number-one hit “No Scrubs“, produced by Kevin “She’kspere” Briggs, and the single “Unpretty“, an alternative rock-styled song about self-love written by Watkins and Dallas Austin (another version of it sampled Dennis Edwards‘ 1984 hit “Don’t Look Any Further”), that also reached #1 on the Billboard chart.[14] At the Lady of Soul Awards the group was honored with the Aretha Franklin Entertainer of the Year Award.[17]

The videos for both songs were heavily featured on MTV and BET,
and three more singles received decent radio play: “Silly Ho”, “I’m
Good at Being Bad”, and Edmonds-written ballad, “Dear Lie”. Like CrazySexyCool, FanMail won the Grammy for Best R&B Album of 2000 and Grammy Award for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals for “No Scrubs”. The group went on a worldwide tour simply named FanMail Tour.
While the first leg of the tour sold poorly and made the group lose
$500,000 dollars, most of the second leg of the tour was sold out. The
group had a PayPerView special of their tour which at the time became
PayPerView’s highest grossing televised special. The tour went on to
gross more than $72.8 million according to Billboard which became the
highest grossing tour by a female group.

During and after the release of FanMail, Lopes made it known
to the press on multiple occasions that she felt that she was unable to
fully express herself working with TLC and Austin. Her contributions to
the songs had been reduced to periodic eight-bar raps, and studio session singers such as Debra Killings often took her place on the background vocals for the group’s songs. In its November 28, 1999 issue, Entertainment Weekly
ran a letter from Lopes that challenged her group mates to record solo
albums and let the fans judge which of the three was the most talented:

“I challenge Tionne ‘Player’ Watkins (T-boz) and Rozonda ‘Hater’ Thomas (Chilli) to an album entitled The Challenge
a 3-CD set that contains three solo albums. Each (album)… will be due
to the record label by October 1, 2000… I also challenge producer
Dallas ‘The Manipulator’ Austin to produce all of the material and do it
at a fraction of his normal rate. As I think about it, I’m sure LaFace
would not mind throwing in a $1.5 million dollar prize for the winner.”[18]

The ladies eventually settled the feud, and The Challenge was never followed through. After the conclusion of the successful FanMail
tour, the ladies, however, took some time off and pursued personal
interests. Lopes was the first to begin recording her solo album, Supernova. In 2000, Spice Girl Melanie C released a single co-written with Lopes in the UK and Europe, called “Never Be the Same Again“; it became a hit reaching #1 in many countries.

2001–04: 3D and the death of Left Eye

Before the recording of their fourth album, 3D,
Lopes originally wanted to withdraw from the group in order to see if
they could duplicate their prior success without her contributions.
Lopes eventually pursued solo stardom and recorded her first album Supernova,
however it underperformed overseas and was never officially released in
the United States. Before her second solo album was completed, Lopes
died in a car crash while filming a documentary in Honduras, which would
later be released as The Last Days of Left Eye in 2007 on VH1.

Returning from yet another hiatus after Lopes’ death, Watkins, Thomas
and Austin decided that they would complete the remainder of their
fourth album, to be called 3D, which also featured production from Rodney Jerkins, The Neptunes, Raphael Saadiq, Missy Elliott and Timbaland. The decision was also made that TLC would retire after the release and promotion of 3D,
rather than replace Lopes and continue. Lopes had already completed her
vocals for four songs and the remainder were performed by the remaining
group members alone, who eulogized Lopes on a number of the tracks. “3D” was released on November 12, 2002.

The first single for 3D was “Girl Talk“,
the video for which featured Watkins and Thomas alone in live-action
segments and Lopes in animated segments. Its follow-up, “Hands Up”,
featured only Watkins and Thomas in its video, but took place in a
nightclub named Club Lopes (Lopes’ production company’s “eye” logo was a
prominent feature on the club’s walls). The album sold two million
copies in its first year of release, and “Girl Talk” was the only single
to reach the U.S. top forty with a peak position of number 28; “Hands
Up” never charted, and a third single, “Damaged“, reached number 53.[14] However, the singles enjoyed a bit more success in Europe and Asia. 3D went on to sell nearly 2 million copies in the US alone.

In June 2003, more than a year since the death of Left Eye, at Zootopia, an annual concert hosted by New York radio station Z100 held at Giants Stadium, TLC appeared in what was announced to be their last performance. The group, introduced by Carson Daly,
showed a video montage dedicated to Lopes, and went on to perform songs
against video footage of Lopes performing the same songs, and wearing
the same outfits, that were appearing onstage.[19]

2005–08: Now & Forever: The Hits

In 2005, LaFace had scheduled the release of Now and Forever: The Hits, a TLC greatest hits album with a new song, “Come Get Some“, featuring Lil Jon and Sean P of the YoungBloodZ.
However, the compilation was not released domestically until June 2005,
although versions of the compilation were released internationally in
2004 and the album was also available as a legal download from the iTunes Store in November 2004. On June 21, 2005, Now and Forever: The Hits was quietly released in the United States; the album debuted at number 53 with 20,000 copies sold.

“I Bet”, the first new TLC single released after the finale of their competition show ‘R U the Girl, was also appended to pressings of Now and Forever: The Hits released after October 11, 2005.

On May 15, 2007, Now and Forever: The Video Hits was released in the United States, after over four years of delayed release dates.

On August 20, 2007, a new greatest hits album was released in the UK called Crazy Sexy Hits: The Very Best of TLC, a play on the group’s best selling album title Crazy Sexy Cool. Now and Forever: The Video Hits was also released in the UK for the first time on the same date. The album fared better than previous compilation Now and Forever: The Hits, peaking at #57 on the UK album chart (Now and Forever: The Hits made #86).

2005–08: Later projects

On June 25, 2004, Watkins and Thomas announced that they were pitching a reality television show that was eventually picked up for development by UPN. R U the Girl
with Watkins and Thomas debuted on UPN on July 27, 2005. Despite media
speculation that the winner of the series was to become a new, permanent


member of TLC, Watkins and Thomas have vowed to never replace Lopes
with a new member. The winner of the show would record with them on a
new single and perform the track with them in a live concert finale in
Atlanta. Roughly 4.1 million viewers tuned in for the season finale of R U The Girl on September 20, 2005, with 20-year-old Tiffany “O’so Krispie” Baker as the winner.[20]

On October 4, 2005, “I Bet” was released to radio and iTunes,
credited to “R U The Girl with Watkins & Thomas” with no mention of
the TLC name on the package. The song was also appended to pressings of Now and Forever: The Hits
released after October 11, 2005. “I Bet” failed to chart in America and
Europe, ending reports that Watkins and Thomas were putting the
finishing touches on a repackaged Greatest Hits album.

On June 24, 2008, Watkins and Thomas made a special appearance on the BET Awards. They, along with the original members of En Vogue and SWV, performed in Alicia Keys‘ tribute to girl groups. Watkins, Thomas, and Keys performed “Waterfalls“.[21] Watkins and Thomas were also presenters at the BETJ Virtual Awards on November 25, 2008.

2009-present: Return

In March 2009, Watkins and Thomas announced plans to perform together
in a concert series in Japan featuring seventeen of TLC’s songs.[22]
On April 4, 2009, the group performed a thirteen song set, in Japan
during the 2009 Springroove music festival. On August 25, 2009, it was
announced that the group would perform at the Justin Timberlake and Friends benefit concert at Las VegasMandalay Bay Events Center. TLC performed their set to the 10,000 in attendance on October 17, 2009.[23] At the concert, Watkins announced that she and Thomas plan to record new material but was never put into motion.[24]

After another brief hiatus, TLC took the stage on May 25, 2011 on the season finale of American Idol. They performed a three song set starting with Lil Jon’s intro from “Come Get Some” onto “No Scrubs” and, finally, “Waterfalls“. The performance received a standing ovation from the audience.

TLC recorded a cover of the song “Rainbow” for a tribute album to the popular Japanese rock band L’Arc~En~Ciel. The tribute album, which features covers by Boyz II Men, Daniel Powter and Maxi Priest, was released June 13, 2012.

Music TV channel VH1 have announced plans to produce a biopic based on the group called CrazySexyCool: The TLC Story written by Kate Lanier,[25] with Charles Stone III directing and Watkins and Thomas signed up as consultants and executive producers. Actresses Keke Palmer and Drew Sidora as well as rapper Lil Mama have been cast as Thomas, Watkins and Lopes, respectively.[26]

In addition to the biopic, TLC announced that a possible new album
was in production as well as a tour with Lisa’s moving image projected
on a screen behind the performers, as was done at the 2003 Zootopia show. Via Twitter, Watkins stated that she and Rozonda were once in talks with L.A. Reid‘s Epic Records for a new TLC album, that they would have liked to release after the biopic.[27][28]

On September 7, 2012, Chilli made an appearance on Good Afternoon
America, confirming that TLC will be releasing a new album in 2013.
Watkins revealed on a popular Atlanta radio station, that she and Chilli will start to record for the VH1
biopic soundtrack soon. The soundtrack will feature new recordings of
some of their hits, and will feature new songs. Watkins and Thomas both
revealed via their official Twitter accounts, that they turned down the recording contract they were negotiating with Epic Records.[29]

On October 7, 2012, British pop group Stooshe
released a music video for their cover of “Waterfalls”. T Boz and
Chilli also made a special appearance in the music video which would
later be included in Totally T-Boz, a docu-series chronicling Watkins’ move to California, health issues and solo endeavors.[30] Stooshe would later go on to perform “Waterfalls” at the 17th annual Mobo Awards on November 3, 2012, where TLC was honored for their outstanding contribution to music.[31]

In June 2013, TLC was featured on “Crooked Smile“, the second official single from American rapper J. Cole’s Born Sinner album. On June 23, 2013, TLC received the Legend Award at the 2013 MTV Video Music Awards Japan.
They also performed a medley of their hit singles. On June 19, 2013, to
celebrate their 20th anniversary in the music industry, the group
released exclusively for Japan a compilation album entitled TLC 20: 20th Anniversary Hits,
and as a gift for their fans they recorded a new version of their major
hit “Waterfalls”, replacing Lisa Lopes’ vocals for Japanese pop star Namie Amuro.[32]
However, this decision caused a lot of controversy mainly from Lopes’
family, who felt “betrayed” that nobody informed them about this vocal

On July 25, 2013, it was announced that the group had signed a recording contract with Sony Music Epic Records,
and intend to release a new album on October 15, 2013 which will
include the group’s biggest hits and four newly recorded songs.[34][35]

To coincide with the release of the new album, VH1 released the
teaser for the long rumored upcoming biopic, depicting the true story
about the group’s climb to fame. The film CrazySexyCool: The TLC Story is scheduled to be released on October 21, 2013.[36] Cast in the film are Keke Palmer who will portray Rozonda “Chilli” Thomas; Lil Mama will take on the role of Lisa “Left Eye” Lopes; and Drew Sidora has been cast as Tionne “T-Boz” Watkins.[37]

TLC celebrated their return with a Summer 2013 World Tour which
included 2 dates: VH1’s Mixtape Festival in Hershey, PA on July 27th,
2013 and Drake’s OVO Fest in Toronto on August 5th, 2013. We’re still
waiting for the rest of the Summer 2013 tour dates.


Studio albums

Compilation albums

Awards and nominations

American Music Awards

Created by Dick Clark in 1973, the American Music Awards
is an annual music awards ceremony and one of several major annual
American music awards shows. TLC has won one award from seven

Year Recipient Award Result
1993 TLC Favorite Pop/Rock New Artist Nominated
TLC Favorite Rap/Hip-Hop New Artist Nominated
TLC Favorite Rap/Hip-Hop Artist Nominated
1996 CrazySexyCool Favorite Soul/R&B Album Nominated
TLC Favorite Soul/R&B Band, Duo or Group Nominated
TLC Favorite Artist of the Year Nominated
2000 TLC Favorite Band, Duo or Group – Soul/Rhythm & Blues Won

Billboard Music Awards

The Billboard Music Awards are sponsored by Billboard magazine and is based on sales data by Nielsen SoundScan and radio information by Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems. TLC has won three awards from three nominations.

Year Recipient Award Result
1996 TLC Artist of the Year Won
TLC R&B Artist of the Year Won
“Creep” R&B Single of the Year Won

Grammy Awards

The Grammy Awards are awarded annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. TLC has won five awards from 14 nominations.

Year Recipient Award Result
1993 Ain’t 2 Proud 2 Beg Best R&B Song Nominated
1996 CrazySexyCool Best R&B Album Won
“Creep” Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Won
“Waterfalls” Record of the Year Nominated
Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Nominated
2000 FanMail Album of the Year Nominated
Best R&B Album Won
No Scrubs Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Won
Best R&B Song Won
Record of the Year Nominated
Unpretty Song Of The Year Nominated
Best Short Form Music Video Nominated
2003 “Girl Talk” Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Nominated
2004 “Hands Up” Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Nominated

MTV Video Music Awards

The MTV Video Music Awards were established in 1984 by MTV to celebrate the top music videos of the year. TLC has won five awards from 16 nominations.

Year Recipient Award Result
1995 “Waterfalls” Video of the Year Won
Best Group Video Won
Best R&B Video Won
Viewer’s Choice Won
Best Special Effects Nominated
Best Editing Nominated
Best Direction Nominated
Best Cinematography Nominated
Best Art Direction Nominated
Breakthrough Video Nominated
1999 “No Scrubs” Best Group Video Won
Viewer’s Choice Nominated
Best Hip Hop Video Nominated
Best Editing Nominated
Best Direction Nominated
Best Art Direction Nominated

NAACP Image Awards

The NAACP Image Awards are presented annually by the American National Association for the Advancement of Colored People to honor outstanding people of color in film, television, music and literature. TLC has been nominated once.

Year Recipient Award Result
2003 TLC Outstanding Duo or Group Nominated

Soul Train Lady of Soul Awards

The Soul Train Lady of Soul Awards
are presented annually honoring the year’s top female performers in
R&B, rap/hip-hop and gospel. TLC has won six awards from eight

Year Recipient Award Result
1996 CrazySexyCool Best R&B/Soul Album of the Year – Group, Band or Duo Won
“Creep” Best R&B/Soul Single – Group, Band or Duo Won
1997 “Waterfalls” Best R&B/Soul Single – Group, Band or Duo Won
2000 TLC Aretha Franklin Award (Entertainer of the Year) Won
FanMail Best R&B/Soul Album of the Year – Group, Band or Duo Won
“No Scrubs” Best R&B/Soul Single – Group, Band or Duo Won
2003 3D Best R&B/Soul Album of the Year – Group, Band or Duo Nominated
“Girl Talk” Best R&B/Soul Single – Group, Band or Duo Nominated

Soul Train Music Awards

The Soul Train Music Awards is an annual awards show that honors the best in African American music and entertainment. TLC has won five awards from six nominations.

Year Recipient Award Result
1997 CrazySexyCool Best R&B/Soul Album – Group, Band or Duo Won
“Waterfalls” Best R&B/Soul Single – Group, Band or Duo Won
Best R&B/Soul or Rap Music Video Won
2000 FanMail Best R&B/Soul Album – Group, Band or Duo Won
“No Scrubs” Best R&B/Soul Single – Group, Band or Duo Won
2003 “Girl Talk” Best R&B/Soul Single – Group, Band or Duo Nominated

To see more of Who Is click here

Who is Timothy Richard Tebow?

Who is Timothy Richard Tebow? The football world knows him as American football quarterback who is currently a free agent. He previously played quarterback for the Denver Broncos and New York Jets. He played college football for the University of Florida, winning the Heisman Trophy in 2007 and appearing on BCS National Championship-winning teams in the 2006 and 2008 seasons. Tebow was selected by the Denver Broncos in the first round of the 2010 NFL Draft.

Tim Tebow. He  is an

Tebow became the University of Florida Gators’ starting quarterback during the 2007 season when he became the first college sophomore to win the Heisman Trophy.[1]
In 2008, Tebow led Florida to a 13–1 record and its second national
championship in three years, and was named the offensive MVP of the national championship game. The Gators again went 13–1 in 2009, his senior year. At the conclusion of his college career, he held the Southeastern Conference‘s all-time records in both career passing efficiency and total rushing touchdowns, appearing second and tenth (respectively) in the NCAA record book in these categories.[2]

As a member of the Denver Broncos, he started the last three games of
his rookie season and became the team’s full-time starting quarterback
beginning in the sixth game of 2011. The Broncos were 1–4 before he
became the starter, but began winning with him on the field, often
coming from behind late in the fourth quarter until they won their first
AFC West title and first playoff game since 2005, defeating the Pittsburgh Steelers in overtime.[3] Tebow was traded to the New York Jets during the offseason after the Broncos acquired free agent quarterback Peyton Manning.[4] Tebow received little playing time for the Jets and on April 29, 2013, the Jets released Tebow after drafting quarterback Geno Smith.[5]
He signed a two-year, non-guaranteed contract with New England on June
11, 2013 before being cut from the team on August 31, 2013.[6]

Tebow is also known for his outspoken Christian faith.[7][8]

Early years

Tim Tebow was born August 14, 1987, he is a descendant of Andries Tibout, who immigrated from Bruges in Flanders in Belgium to New Amsterdam.[9]Tebow’s parents met while attending the University of Florida in the late 1960s. Pamela, his mother, was a freshman and his father, Robert, was a sophomore at the time. The couple married on June 12, 1971, before Pamela’s graduation from the University.[10] In 1985, the family moved to the Philippines where they served as Baptist missionaries and built a ministry.[10] Prior to becoming pregnant with Tim, his mother contracted amoebic dysentery and fell into a coma.
She discovered she was pregnant while recovering. Because of the
medications used to treat her, the fetus experienced a severe placental abruption.[10]Doctors expected a stillbirth and recommended an abortion.
The Tebows decided against it citing their strong faith (abortion was
illegal in the Philippines in any case). On August 14, 1987, she gave
birth to Tim in Manila.[10]

Tim Tebow is the youngest of five children.[10] He and his siblings were all homeschooled by their parents, who worked to instill the family’s Christian beliefs.[11] In 1996, legislation was passed in Florida allowing home-schooled students to compete in high school sporting events.[12] The law, which later became known as the Tim Tebow law,[12] specifies that home-schooled students may participate on the team of the local high school in the school district in which they live.[13] Tebow took advantage of this law when he decided to attend Trinity Christian Academy, the local high school in his hometown of Jacksonville, where he played tight end.[14] In 2003, he moved into an apartment in nearby St. Johns County, making him eligible to play for the struggling football program at Allen D. Nease High School
where he could play quarterback. His performance led to a minor
controversy regarding the fact that, although home-schooled, he had his
choice of school for which to play.[14]

Tebow came to national prominence as a junior at Nease, known for his
running and throwing abilities, as well as an intense competitiveness.
Later that year, he suffered an injury to his right leg late in the
first half of a game. Originally believed to be suffering from a bad
cramp, he actually played the entire second half with a broken fibula,
at one point rushing for a 29-yard touchdown. After the game the extent
of the injury was discovered and he was held out for the remainder of
his junior season.[15] Nevertheless he was named Florida’s Player of the Year and became a major college football quarterback prospect.[16]

During his senior season he led the Nease Panthers to a state title,
earned All-State honors, was named Florida’s Mr. Football and a Parade magazine high school All-American, and repeated as Florida’s Player of the Year.[16][17] He played in the U.S. Army All-American Bowl in San Antonio, Texas which featured the top 78 senior high school football players in the nation and was shown nationally on NBC television.[18]

Tebow was the subject of an ESPN
“Faces in Sports” documentary. The segment was titled “Tim Tebow: The
Chosen One”, and focused on Tebow’s home school controversy and
missionary work in the Philippines, his athletic exploits, and the
college recruiting process.[19] Tim Tebow was also featured in Sports Illustrated on the “Faces in the Crowd” page.[20] In 2007, he was named to FHSAA’s All-Century Team that listed the Top 33 football players in the state of Florida’s 100-year history of high school football.[21] Despite family ties to the University of Florida, where his parents met as students,[11] Tebow considered other schools, including the University of Alabama.[22] One of the reasons he gave for choosing Florida was coach Urban Meyer‘s spread option
offense, an offense for which Tebow was deemed an archetypal
quarterback. Prior to enrolling at the University of Florida, he spent
three summers in the Philippines, helping with his father’s orphanage and missionary work.[23]

Effect on homeschooling movement

On January 7, 2007, Tebow was featured prominently in an ESPN
“Outside The Lines” feature on home-schooled athletes seeking equal
access to high school athletics in other states. Because a
home-schooler’s access to public and private school athletic functions
vary by state, Tebow and former defensive end Jason Taylor (who was allowed to play at his local high school in Pennsylvania) argued in favor of extending the right to play for local teams to more states.[24]
Upon becoming the first home-schooled athlete to be nominated for the
Heisman Trophy, he remarked, “That’s really cool. A lot of times people
have this stereotype of home-schoolers as not very athletic – it’s like,
go win a spelling bee or something like that – it’s an honor for me to be the first one to do that.”[25][26][27][28] Tebow received the 2008 Quaqua Protégé Award as outstanding home-education graduate.[29]

College career

Tebow received an athletic scholarship to attend the University of Florida and play for the Florida Gators football team from 2006 to 2009.[30] While he spent his freshman year as a backup, eventual career

highlights at Florida include winning the Heisman Trophy in 2007, leading the team to a BCS championship in 2008, and a 13–1 2009 season. The Gators coaches selected him as a team captain
in 2008 and 2009, and he is the only three-time recipient of the
Gators’ most valuable player award, having been chosen by his teammates
in 2007, 2008 and 2009.[citation needed]


Despite a strong showing in his first intersquad scrimmage, Coach Urban Meyer named Tebow second string behind Chris Leak.
A backup throughout the season, Tebow was a significant contributor to
the Gators’ 2006 success. He made his college debut coming off the bench
in a goal line situation against Southern Miss. He rushed for a touchdown on a designed quarterback scramble on his first play.[31] In his next game, he led the team in rushing yards against UCF.[32]

Tebow made his SEC debut against the Tennessee Volunteers
on September 16. His performance included a ten-yard run on his first
carry and converting a critical fourth down near the end of the game,
which led to the Gators’ go-ahead touchdown.[33] Tebow’s biggest game in the season came against the LSU Tigers on October 7, where he accounted for all three of the Gators’ touchdowns, passing for two and rushing for another.[34] Tebow played a role in the Gators’ victory in the 2007 BCS National Championship Game against Ohio State. He threw for one touchdown and rushed for another, finishing with 39 rushing yards.[35] He finished 2006 with the second-most rushing yards on the Gator team.[36]


Although questions about his passing skill loomed, Tebow was named the Florida Gators starting quarterback for the 2007 season.[37] He opened the year 13-of-17 for 300 yards and three touchdowns in his starting debut against Western Kentucky University.[38] Tebow finished the regular season with the second highest passing efficiency in the nation with 177.8. Additionally, he averaged 4.3 yards per carry on the ground.[39]

Tebow set numerous personal, school and national records in the 2007 season, including:

  • University of Florida single-game quarterback rushing yards, 166, week 4[40]
  • SEC season rushing touchdown record, 20[41]
  • Career high single game rushing touchdowns, 5, November 10
  • SEC season total touchdowns (passing and rushing), 55[42]

On November 24, against the Florida State Seminoles, Tebow threw for three touchdowns and rushed for two in a 45–12 rout of the Seminoles. It was later revealed that Tebow fractured his right hand during the third quarter but played the rest of the game. He had to wear a cast for the next three weeks.[43]

After the 2007 season, Tebow was recognized as a first-team All-SEC selection and a consensus first-team All-American,[44] He won the Heisman Trophy, given to the most outstanding college football player of the year. Tebow also received the Davey O’Brien Award, annually given to the best quarterback in the nation, on February 18 in Fort Worth, Texas.

Heisman Trophy

On December 8, 2007, Tebow was awarded the Heisman Trophy, finishing ahead of Arkansas’s Darren McFadden, Hawaii’s Colt Brennan, and Missouri’s Chase Daniel. He was the first sophomore to win the Heisman Trophy.[15] He garnered 462 first-place votes and 1,957 points, 254 points ahead of the runner-up, Arkansas running back Darren McFadden.[45][46] He finished the regular season as the only player in FBS history to rush and pass for at least 20 touchdowns in both categories in the same season.[47]
He had 32 passing touchdowns, and 23 rushing touchdowns. Tebow’s
rushing TD total in the 2007 season is the most recorded for any
position in SEC history.[48]
The total also set the record for most rushing touchdowns by a
quarterback in FBS history. Tebow became the third UF player to win the
Heisman Trophy, joining Steve Spurrier and Danny Wuerffel.[49]


Before the 2007 season had even come to a close, Florida coach Urban Meyer stated that he would likely use two quarterbacks during the 2008 season to take some of the workload off of Tebow’s shoulders.[50] Tebow led the Gators in rushing in 2007[51] but also had to play through a bruised shoulder and broken non-throwing hand.[50]
Before the 2008 season even started, Tebow had his name pulled from
consideration for the Playboy Preseason All-American team because it
conflicted with his Christian beliefs.[52]

On November 1, 2008, playing against the Georgia Bulldogs, Tebow ran for his 37th rushing touchdown, breaking the school record previously held by former Florida running back Emmitt Smith.
Tebow led the Gators to a 12–1 record in 2008. After clinching the
Southeastern Conference Eastern Division title, the team played for and
won the SEC title in the 2008 SEC Championship Game against the Alabama Crimson Tide. The win secured the #2 ranking in the final BCS standings, which earned the Gators the chance to play the #1 ranked Oklahoma Sooners in the 2009 BCS National Championship Game, which they won 24–14.[citation needed]

Tebow finished third in the 2008 Heisman Trophy voting, with Oklahoma’s Sam Bradford taking the top spot followed by Texas’ Colt McCoy, despite Tebow receiving the most first-place votes.[53][54] He won the Maxwell Award in 2008, only the second player to ever win the award twice.[55]

On January 11, 2009, at a national championship celebration held at Ben Hill Griffin Stadium, Tebow announced that he would not make himself eligible for the 2009 NFL Draft, but would instead return for his senior season at Florida.[56] A day later, he had surgery on his right shoulder to remove a bone spur in an effort to reduce chronic inflammation.[57]

2008 Heisman Trophy Finalist Voting
Finalist First place votes
(3 pts. each)
Second place votes
(2 pts. each)
Third place votes
(1 pt. each)
Total points
Sam Bradford 300 315 196 1,726
Colt McCoy 266 288 230 1,604
Tim Tebow 309 207 234 1,575


Tebow opened the 2009 season continuing a streak of throwing and running for a touchdown in blowout wins over Charleston Southern and Troy. He ran for a touchdown in the third game, a win against Tennessee,
but failed to throw for a touchdown for the first time since his
freshman season. In answer to an interview question, Tebow stated he was
a virgin.[59]
The statement was subject to much discussion about whether the question
was necessary, including criticism of the reporter who originally

Tebow started against Kentucky despite suffering from a respiratory illness and taking two bags of intravenous fluids before the game.[61]
He ran for two touchdowns to put him in 2nd place on the all-time SEC
touchdown list and he also threw for a touchdown. Late in the third
quarter, he was hit in the chest by Kentucky defensive end Taylor
Wyndham, fell backwards, and hit the back of his head on the knee of
Florida tackle Marcus Gilbert, who was wearing a hard knee brace. Upon impact, Tebow briefly displayed a prominent fencing response with his left arm, indicating that a concussion had taken place.[62] He lay motionless for several minutes before being helped to the sidelines, where he vomited. He was taken by ambulance to the University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center.[63][64] A CT scan showed no bleeding in the brain, with the injury described as a mild concussion.[65][66] Coach Urban Meyer stayed the night in the hospital with Tebow, who was discharged in the morning.[67]
Coincidentally, Florida did not have a game scheduled for the following
Saturday, and Tebow was cleared to play in the Gators’ next contest at
LSU on October 10, two weeks after the incident.[68]

On October 31, 2009, while playing against the Georgia Bulldogs,
Tebow ran for his 50th and 51st rushing touchdowns, breaking the SEC
career record previously held by former Georgia running back Herschel Walker.[69] His penultimate collegiate game, the 2009 SEC Championship,
saw him once again facing the University of Alabama. Tebow threw for
245 yards and a touchdown and led the team with 63 yards rushing, but
the Gators fell 32–13 and lost their chance to play for a second
consecutive national title.[70] Florida beat Cincinnati 51–24 in the 2010 Sugar Bowl
the following January. In what was Tebow’s last college game, he
completed 31-of-35 passes for 482 yards and three touchdowns and
accounted for four total touchdowns and 533 yards of total offense,
which set a record for a Bowl Championship Series game.[71] He graduated from the University of Florida in December 2009.[72]

College statistics and records

At the end of his college career, Tebow held 5 NCAA, 14 Southeastern Conference, and 28 University of Florida statistical records.[73] He was the SEC’s all-time leader in career passing efficiency (170.8), completion percentage
(67.1%), passing touchdown to interception ratio (5.5 to 1), rushing
yards by a quarterback (2947), rushing touchdowns (any position) (57),
and total touchdowns responsible for (145).[2][74]
Among many mentions in the NCAA Division-I record book, Tebow is ranked
second in career passing efficiency, third in career yards per attempt
(9.33), 8th in career rushing touchdowns, and also owns the record for
most consecutive games in which he both threw at least one touchdown
pass and scored at least one rushing touchdown (14).[75]


Season Team Games Passing Rushing
Comp Att Pct Yds TD INT Rating Sacks Att Yds TD
2006 Florida Gators 14 22 33 66.7 358 5 1 201.7 0 89 469 8
2007 Florida Gators 13 234 350 66.9 3,286 32 6 172.5 13 210 895 23
2008 Florida Gators 14 192 298 64.4 2,747 30 4 172.4 15 176 673 12
2009 Florida Gators 14 213 304 70.1 2,895 21 5 155.6 25 217 910 14
Total 55 661 985 67.1 9,286 88 15 170.8 53 692 2,947 57

“The Tebow Rule”

In 2010 a new rule for the next NCAA football season banned messages on eye paint. This rule was dubbed “The Tebow Rule”[77][78][79] by media because it would have affected him.[79]

During his college football career, he frequently wore references to biblical verses on his eye black. In the 2009 BCS Championship Game, he wore John 3:16 on his eye black; the verse was the highest-ranked Google search term over the next 24 hours, generating over 90 million searches.[80][81][82][83][84]
Additionally, later, when Tebow switched to another verse, there were
3.43 million searches of “Tim Tebow” and “Proverbs 3:5-6” together.[85]
Tebow stated of the searches “It just goes to show you the influence
and the platform that you have as a student-athlete and as a quarterback
at Florida”.[85]

Despite the media labeling it as the Tebow rule, the NCAA denies the
rule was influenced by Tebow in particular, since many other notable
players (Reggie Bush and Terrelle Pryor for example) wear or have worn messages on eye black.[86][87]
An NCAA spokesman said: “When this rule was proposed, the committee did
not focus on any one team or student athlete. That measure reinforces
what the intended use of eye black is, which is to shade the eyes from
the sun.”[87]

The NFL already had a rule prohibiting players from wearing messages
on eye black, so Tebow could not have continued the practice in the NFL.[79]

Professional career


After passing on the 2009 NFL Draft for his senior season at Florida, Tebow went on to enter the 2010 NFL Draft. Despite his college success, Tebow’s NFL potential was much debated. According to former Tampa Bay Buccaneers coach Jon Gruden,
he could “revolutionize” the pro game. Says Gruden: “Tim Tebow is 250
pounds, and he’s the strongest human being that’s ever played the
position. He can throw well enough at any level.”[88] Former Indianapolis Colts coach Tony Dungy said he would pick Tebow with a top 10 pick over any quarterback in the 2010 draft.[89] However, NFL analyst Mel Kiper
believed Tebow did not have the intangibles to play quarterback in the
NFL. “I don’t think he can be a fulltime quarterback. I don’t think he
can be the quarterback of the future for you, but I do think in the
third round, maybe the second round, he’ll be the same as Pat White“, said Kiper.[90]

Tebow was particularly mentioned as a potential third round pick of the Jacksonville Jaguars, his hometown team. Some, including Florida governor Charlie Crist, suggested that Tebow could be the remedy for dwindling Jaguars ticket sales at EverBank Field.[91]

Early in the 2009 season, Jaguars owner Wayne Weaver
stated: “He (Tebow) clearly is an outstanding football player and would
be an asset to any football organization. Clearly there’s going to be a
groundswell for Tebow, and we’ll have to make that evaluation if we
have a draft pick that’s going to be anywhere near him.”[92] Not everyone in the organization agreed, as Jaguar lineman Uche Nwaneri posted doubts about Tebow’s potential NFL success on his team’s website message board.[93]

Pre-draft measurables
Ht Wt 40-yd dash 10-yd split 20-yd split 20-ss 3-cone Vert Broad BP Wonderlic
6 ft 2¾ in 236 lb 4.71 s 1.55 s 2.66 s 4.17 s 6.66 s 38½ in 9 ft 7 in 22
All results from NFL Combine[94][95]

Denver Broncos


Tebow was selected by the Denver Broncos in the first round (25th overall) of the 2010 NFL Draft. The Broncos had acquired the pick in a trade with the Baltimore Ravens on the first night of the draft for the Broncos’ second, third and fourth round picks.[96] Broncos head coach Josh McDaniels said about drafting

Tebow, “He has all the traits you look for. It’s a good pick.”[97]
When asked how Tebow will be used, McDaniels commented that Tebow
probably wouldn’t start at quarterback as a rookie, and that he’ll,
“Play when he’s ready.” The Denver Post columnist Woody Paige praised the pick, saying “Tim Tremendous may be high risk, but he will be a Mile High Reward.”[98]

Tebow wore number 15 on his jersey for the Broncos, the same number he wore in college.[99] He set an NFL Draft record for jersey sales and continued to have the top selling jersey through the 2010 season.[100][101]

On July 29, Tebow signed a five-year contract with the Broncos that
had a base value of $11.25 million (he could make as much as $33 million
through certain performance-based incentives). The contract included
$8.7 million guaranteed.[102]

On October 17, Tebow scored his first NFL touchdown, which was a five-yard running play against the New York Jets.[103] On November 14, Tebow threw a three-yard touchdown pass to Spencer Larsen on his first career NFL pass attempt, as part of a 49–29 home victory over the Kansas City Chiefs. He also added a one-yard rushing touchdown in the game.[104]

Tebow started his first NFL game on December 19, which was a 39–23 road loss to the Oakland Raiders.[105]
Tebow completed eight of 16 passes for 138 yards, including a 33-yard
touchdown pass. He also rushed for 78 yards, 40 of which came on a
touchdown run in the first quarter of the game. It was the longest
touchdown run for a quarterback in Broncos history and the longest
touchdown run in NFL history for a quarterback in his first start.

Tebow’s first career victory came in his second start on December 26. The Broncos defeated the Houston Texans,
24–23, in Denver. Tebow helped rally the Broncos from a 17–0 deficit at
halftime, as he finished the game with 308 passing yards and one
touchdown pass. He also added a fourth quarter rushing touchdown, which
capped the comeback.[106]

Tebow finished his rookie season playing sparingly in six games as a
back-up (primarily on plays involving the wild horse formation, which is
Denver’s variation of the wildcat formation)
before starting the last three games of the Broncos’ season. He threw
for a total of 654 yards, five touchdowns and three interceptions. He
also rushed for 227 yards and six touchdowns. Tebow became the first
quarterback in NFL history to rush for a touchdown in each of his first
three career starts.


Tebow began the 2011 season as the Denver Broncos‘ backup quarterback, behind Kyle Orton. After a 1–4 start and some poor performances, Orton was replaced by Tebow at halftime during a home game against the San Diego Chargers
in week five. Tebow nearly led the Broncos back from a 16-point
deficit, as he passed and ran for a touchdown in the fourth quarter. The
Chargers ultimately won the game, 29–24. Shortly afterward, Broncos’
head coach John Fox announced Tebow would start in the following game on the road against the Miami Dolphins.
Tebow and the Broncos struggled in the first three-and-a-half quarters
against the Dolphins, but rallied from a 15–0 deficit in the last three
minutes to win the game 18–15 in overtime.

On November 6, Tebow rushed for 117 yards, along with passing for 124
yards and two touchdowns, as part of a 38–24 road victory over the Oakland Raiders. The Broncos followed up a road win over division-rival Oakland with another road win over the Kansas City Chiefs.
Tebow completed two passes on eight attempts for 69 yards and a
touchdown. His second completion, a 56-yard touchdown pass in the fourth
quarter to wide receiver Eric Decker, sealed the game for Denver. Four days later, Tebow was 9-for-20 with 104 yards in a Thursday Night Football home game against the New York Jets.
He led a 95-yard, game-winning touchdown drive with less than six
minutes to play, and the Broncos trailing. On third-and-four, Tebow ran
for a 20-yard touchdown with less than one minute remaining causing the
Broncos to win the game, 17–13.[107] Tebow guided the Broncos to another comeback victory the next week—a 16–13 overtime road win over the San Diego Chargers.
He ran the ball 22 times for 67 yards. In the 10th start of his NFL
career, Tebow led the Broncos to their third consecutive
come-from-behind win of the season, as Denver beat the Minnesota Vikings on the road, 35–32. The following Sunday, Tebow once again guided a comeback victory, this time at home over the Chicago Bears. Denver won 13–10 in overtime after facing a 10–0 deficit with just over two minutes to play in regulation.

The Broncos’ winning streak was broken by the New England Patriots
in week 15. Tebow rushed for 2 touchdowns and completed 11 of 22 passes
against the Patriots in a 41–23 loss. Tebow was sacked four times in
the game and had one fumble. In the Broncos’ 40–14 loss to the Buffalo Bills
the following week, Tebow had one passing and one rushing touchdown but
also threw three interceptions, two of which were returned for
touchdowns, and two fumbles. He struggled for a third straight game the
following week in a 7–3 loss to the Kansas City Chiefs, completing only 6 of 22 passes and finishing with a career low quarterback rating of 20.6, but a week 17 loss by the Oakland Raiders clinched a playoff spot for the Broncos in the AFC West.[108]

After the three consecutive losses, Broncos vice president and former quarterback John Elway said Tebow was playing tentatively and needed to “pull the trigger.”[109][110] On January 8, Denver hosted the Pittsburgh Steelers during the first round of the NFL playoffs. Tebow threw for a career high 316 yards and two touchdowns, including an 80-yard TD to Demaryius Thomas on the first play of overtime, as the Broncos won 29–23.[110] Tebow completed 10 of 21 passes in the contest, setting an NFL record for yards per completion in a playoff game at 31.6.[111] Media sources noted Tebow’s passing yards (316) and yards per completion (31.6) evoked the Bible’s John 3:16. The Nielsen ratings for the game also peaked at 31.6. John 3:16 was the top search item on Google the next morning, followed by Tebow and Tim Tebow.[112][113] The Broncos were then handed a 45–10 defeat by the New England Patriots the following week, knocking them out of the playoffs.[114] Tebow completed 9 of 26 passes for 136 yards and was sacked five times; he also rushed five times for thirteen yards.

After the season, John Elway confirmed that Tebow would be the Broncos starting quarterback going into training camp in 2012.[115]

Despite on-field successes by the Broncos under Tebow, he finished
the season with the lowest passing completion rate in the NFL which lead
many to question his potential as a quarterback at the professional

New York Jets

In the wake of the Broncos signing free agent Peyton Manning, Tebow was traded, along with the Broncos’ 2012 seventh round draft pick, to the New York Jets, on March 21, 2012, in exchange for the Jets’ fourth and sixth round picks.[4] Jets special teams coordinator Mike Westhoff stated Tebow would be used on special teams[117] while head coach Rex Ryan and offensive coordinator Tony Sparano stated he would also be used in the wildcat formation on offense.[118] The presence of Tebow throughout the season, in which the Jets struggled, created a controversy as the fans and media called for Rex Ryan to bench the inconsistent Mark Sanchez in favor of Tebow.[119]

Tebow suffered two broken ribs during a road game against the Seahawks, however, this was not confirmed until two days prior to the Jets’ Thanksgiving contest against the New England Patriots. Tebow was active despite the injury which was publicly revealed after the game.[120] Tebow was subsequently inactive during the Jets’ following contest against the Arizona Cardinals in which Sanchez was benched in favor of Greg McElroy.[121]

Westhoff was highly critical of the Jets’ use of Tebow in a January 2013 interview on WQAM radio in Miami.[122]

On April 29, 2013, Tebow was released; he had thrown only eight passes and run 32 times in his one season with the Jets.[123]

New England Patriots

The New England Patriots signed Tebow on June 10, 2013, the day before the team’s mandatory minicamp;[124][125][126]
Tebow signed a two-year contract with no guaranteed money, although it
did have playing time-based incentives in 2014. The move reunited Tebow
with Josh McDaniels, now the Patriots offensive coordinator and quarterbacks coach. [127] Tebow played in the first two of New England’s preseason games, against the Eagles and the Bucs;
he completed just five passes in both games, was sacked several times
and intercepted once, intensifying criticism of his football acumen.[128]
Tebow went 6-for-11 for 91 yards, throwing a pair of touchdown passes
and one interception, and gained 30 yards on six carries against the New
York Giants, but he also was sacked four times. He threw a total of 2
touchdown passes and 2 interceptions in the preseason and had a passer
rating of 47.2 and completed 36.7% of his passes.[129]
Tebow was released from the Patriots on August 31, 2013, the day NFL
teams were required to cut their rosters to 53. After being cut, Tebow
publicly thanked the Patriots organization for the opportunity and
stated: “I will remain in relentless pursuit of continuing my lifelong
dream of being an NFL quarterback.” [130]

NFL statistics

Regular season

Season Team Games Passing Sacks Rushing Fumbles
GP GS W–L Comp Att Pct Yds Y/Att TD INT Rating # Yds Att Yds Avg TD FUM Lost
2010 Denver Broncos 9 3 1–2 41 82 50.0 654 8.0 5 3 82.1 6 26 43 227 5.3 6 1 0
2011 Denver Broncos 14 11 7–4 126 271 46.5 1,729 6.4 12 6 72.9 33 225 122 660 5.4 6 13 6
2012 New York Jets 12 0 0–0 6 8 75.0 39 4.9 0 0 84.9 2 7 32 102 3.2 0 0 0
Total 34 16 8–6 173 361 47.9 2,422 6.7 17 9 75.3 41 258 197 989 5.0 12 14 6


Season Team Games Passing Sacks Rushing Fumbles
GP GS W–L Comp Att Pct Yds Y/Att TD INT Rating # Yds Att Yds Avg TD FUM Lost
2011–12 Denver Broncos 2 2 1–1 19 47 40.4 452 9.6 2 0 90.0 5 28 15 63 4.2 1 1 1

In the media


On May 31, 2011, HarperCollins released Through My Eyes,
an autobiography that Tebow co-wrote with author Nathan Whitaker. Tebow
details his early life growing up in Jacksonville and the Philippines,
as well as his college football experiences.[131] By March 4, 2012 it had spent 24 weeks on the New York Times best seller list.[132] It was named the #1 sports book of 2011 [133] and the best selling religion book of 2011.[134] Tim followed his memoir with a young readers’ edition entitled Through My Eyes: A Quarterback’s Journey, also co-written with Nathan Whitaker.[135]


Tebow is a spokesperson for Nike, Jockey International, FRS Health Energy and TiVo.[136][137][138][139]


In 2011, Tebow was the first quarterback featured in ESPN‘s “Year of the Quarterback” series. The documentary, entitled Tim Tebow: Everything in Between, followed him from the 2010 Sugar Bowl to the 2010 NFL Draft. It premiered on January 6, 2011.[140] On November 8, 2011 the documentary was released on DVD. Tebow was documented in 2012 on NFL Network‘s A Football Life in a documentary titled, The Faces of Tebow.[141]

Super Bowl ad

A nationwide controversy surrounded Tebow’s decision to appear in an ad funded by the socially conservative organization Focus on the Family that was broadcast February 7, 2010, during Super Bowl XLIV on CBS.[142][143] There were two 30-second commercials, which included Tebow’s personal story as part of an overall pro-life stance. The abortion issue was not specifically mentioned in the ad.[144] Pro-choice groups condemned the ad,[145] while pro-life groups rallied around Tebow.[146]


Tebowing is a neologism for the act of kneeling on one knee in prayer with one’s head resting on one’s fist, also known as genuflecting.[147][148]
It is derived from Tebow’s propensity for kneeling and praying. The
origin of the phrase is credited to fan Jared Kleinstein, who posted a
picture with friends on Facebook, in which they mimicked a pose of Tebow following the Broncos’ comeback overtime victory over the Dolphins on October 23, 2011.[149]
The popularity of the picture led Kleinstein to set up a website
showing pictures submitted by people depicting various interpretations
of Tebowing all over the world.[149]
After two-and-a-half months, the site received 20,000 photograph
submissions and 20 million page views from 2 million unique visitors.[150] The New York Times wrote “it can be hard to tell whether [people tebowing] are celebrating or mocking [Tebow] for his virtuous ways.”[148] Pittsburgh mayor Luke Ravenstahl tebowed as part of a bet with the mayor of Denver following the Broncos playoff victory over the Steelers in 2012.[151] On October 9, 2012, Tebow was awarded the trademark to Tebowing after winning a legal battle with two fans who had expressed interest in trademarking the name.[152]

Tebowing was recognized as a word in the English language by the Global Language Monitor, due to its level of worldwide usage, which was comparable to the word Obamamania (referencing President Barack Obama).[147][153] In December 2011, the life-sized wall graphics company Fathead released a “Tebowing” sticker that became the company’s best-selling product in two days.[154]

Tebowing was included as a feature in the Madden NFL 13 video game.[155]


In the Philippines, Tim Tebow preached the Christian Gospel to school children and entire villages and assisted in medical care.[156][157] Tebow supports more than 40 national evangelists working in that nation.[157] In the United States, he has shared his Christian faith in prisons and schools, to church and youth groups, and at meetings and conferences.[7][156]

An Easter Sunday crowd of roughly 20,000 in Florida listened to Tebow
on April 8, 2012. He only briefly mentioned his move from Denver to New
York. “Kind of got traded. I’m on another team—excited to be a Jet,”
Tebow said. “Regardless of what happens, I still honor my Lord and
Savior Jesus Christ, because at the end of the day, that’s what’s
important, win or lose. … We need to get back to one nation under God,
and be role models for kids,” Tebow added.[158][159]


Tebow envisioned a foundation to give back to others during his college career, and he, along with other University of Florida students, created “First and 15”, raising funds for Uncle Dick’s Orphanage[clarification needed] in the Philippines, founded by his father’s nonprofit association, the Bob Tebow Evangelistic Association.[160] He also raised money for Shands Hospital pediatric cancer center in Gainesville and a Disney trip for disadvantaged children. Upon graduation from University of Florida, Tebow launched the Tim Tebow Foundation in January 2010.[161] In 2013 Tim Tebow was designated a Great Floridian by Florida Governor Rick Scott in recognition of his “major contributions to the progress and welfare” of Florida.[162]

Tebow CURE Hospital

CURE and the Tebow Foundation announced plans to build a children’s hospital in the fall of 2011 in the Philippines, the country where Tebow was born. The Tebow CURE Hospital in Davao City, on the island of Mindanao, will hold 30 beds and will specialize in orthopedics. CURE’s 12th hospital worldwide, they hope to heal deformities such as clubfoot, untreated burns, hydrocephalus and other conditions correctable with surgery. The cost of the project, $3 million, will come from donations from CURE and the Tebow Foundation. The hospital will include a “Timmy’s Playroom”.[163]

Awards and honors


2006 season

2007 season

Tim Tebow in 2007

2008 season

2009 season

To see more of Who Is click here

Who is Jonathan Paul Manziel?

Who is Jonathan Paul Manziel?  The college football world knows Johnny Manziel Johnny Football, he is an American football quarterback for the Texas A&M Aggies. He was nationally recruited out of high school as a dual-threat quarterback.[1] In 2012, Manziel debuted for the Aggies as a redshirt freshman in Kevin Sumlin‘s Air Raid offense[2] during A&M’s first season in the SEC. He broke numerous NCAA Division I FBS
and SEC records, which include becoming the first freshman and fifth
player in NCAA history to pass for 3,000 yards and rush for 1,000 yards
in a season.[3] At the end of the regular season, he became the first freshman to win the Heisman Trophy,[4] Manning Award,[5] and the Davey O’Brien National Quarterback Award.[6] Manziel capitalized on his redshirt freshman season by leading Texas A&M to a 41–13 victory over Oklahoma in the 2013 Cotton Bowl Classic.[7]


Manziel was given the nickname “Johnny Football” by fans and students at Texas A&M before the start of the 2012 season.[8][9] The nickname is a registered trademark.[10]

Early life

Manziel was born December 6, 1992 in Tyler, Texas, to Michelle and Paul Manziel. He has a younger sister who is in high school. His family became wealthy through the Texas petroleum industry.[11]

He grew up playing a variety of sports, including basketball, baseball, golf and football. At Tivy High School in Kerrville, Texas,
he focused on baseball and football. However, it was in football that
sportswriters, coaches, and parents said he “achieved folk hero status”
and was compared to quarterbacks like Brett Favre, Michael Vick, and Drew Brees.[12]

High school

At [12Tivy High School he was coached by Mark Smith. He played football
all four years in high school and began with the freshman team his first
year. By the end of his first season, he played with the varsity team
as a receiver. He began his sophomore year primarily as a receiver, but
started the fourth game at quarterback. He shared that position for the
remainder of the season, finishing with 1,164 yards passing, 806 rushing
and 408 receiving for a combined 28 touchdowns. Manziel’s junior year
was his first as starting quarterback, and he completed that season with
2,903 passing yards, 1,544 rushing yards, 152 receiving yards and 55
touchdowns. That year, he was voted All-San Antonio Area Offensive
Player of the Year as well as District 27-4A MVP.

During Manziel’s senior season, he compiled 228-of-347 (65.7%)
passing for 3,609 yards with 45 TDs and 5 INTs. He also had 170 carries
for 1,674 yards and 30 TDs. He had 1 TD reception and returned a kickoff
for a touchdown for a combined 77 TDs. That year, he was honored as
District 28-4A MVP (unanimous selection), Class 4A First Team All-State
(AP), San Antonio Express-News
Offensive Player of the Year (second year in a row), the Associated
Press Sports Editors Texas Player of the Year, Sub-5A First Team
All-Area (SA Express-News), No. 1 QB in Texas by Dave Campbell’s Texas Football, DCTF Top 300, PrepStar All-Region and Super-Prep All-Region.[13]

For Manziel’s three years as a starter, he completed 520 of 819
passes (63.5 percent) for 7,626 yards and 76 touchdowns, rushed 531
times for 4,045 yards and 77 touchdowns and caught 30 passes for 582
yards and another five touchdowns. He was the only quarterback in
America named as a Parade All-American
his senior year, and he was also named The National High School Coaches
Association (NHSCA) Senior Athlete of the Year in football.[14]

He was highly recruited out of high school; in addition to Texas A&M, he received offers from Baylor, Colorado State, Iowa State, Louisiana Tech, Oregon, Rice, Stanford, Tulsa, and Wyoming.[15] Although he grew up a Texas Longhorns fan, the University of Texas did not recruit him. Although it was rumored that Texas wanted Manziel at defensive back, Texas coach Mack Brown said the rumor was not true.[16]
Though Manziel originally committed to play for Oregon, he later
changed his commitment to the Aggies, thanks to the influence of
then-quarterbacks coach Tom Rossley.[17][18]

Johnny was named to the NUC All World Game (started by David Schuman and National Underclassmen Combine)
in 2010 where he rushed for over 100 yards and threw for over 200. It
was the first time Manziel dominated on a national stage. He played in
the game as a teammate with Oregon QB Marcus Mariota. [19]

Name Hometown High school / college Height Weight 40 Commit date
Johnny Manziel
Kerrville, Texas Tivy High School 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m) 190 lb (86 kg) 4.7 Feb 2, 2011 
Scout:3/5 stars   Rivals:3/5 stars   ESPN grade: 78
Overall recruiting rankings: Scout: 45 (QB); 21 (school)   Rivals: 97 (QB); 27 (school)  ESPN: 78 (QB)
  • Note: In many cases, Scout and Rivals may conflict in their listings of height and weight.
  • In these cases, an average of the two was taken. ESPN grades are on a 100-point scale.


College career

Against LSU – October 20, 2012

2011 season

Manziel was redshirted during his first season and did not play in any games.

2012 season

Texas A&M faced uncertainty at the quarterback position when Ryan Tannehill left for the National Football League
after the 2011 season. Manziel performed well during Spring ball and
fall practices and won the starting job over Jameill Showers and Matt
Joeckel before the season began.[20] His first game was supposed to be against Louisiana Tech in Shreveport, Louisiana on Thursday, August 30, 2012, but the game was postponed until October 13 due to Hurricane Isaac hitting the Louisiana coast two days prior to game time.[21] Consequently, Manziel’s college football debut was played as a redshirt freshman against the Florida Gators before a home crowd at Kyle Field.

Although Manziel began the season in relative obscurity, his play against Arkansas in which he broke Archie Manning’s
43-year-old total offense record gained him some attention. Manziel had
557 yards of total offense, breaking Manning’s record of 540. Two games
later, Manziel surpassed his own total offense record against #24
Louisiana Tech by achieving 576 yards of total offense, becoming the
first player in SEC history to have two 500+ total offense games in one
season. After Texas A&M’s blowout of Auburn
in game 8, in which Manziel accounted for 3 passing and 2 rushing
touchdowns through only the first half plus one series in the second,
Manziel began showing up in national Heisman Watch lists.

Manziel was launched into the national scene after he led Texas A&M to a 29–24 upset over #1 Alabama in Tuscaloosa.
In that game, Manziel accounted for 345 of A&M’s 418 yards of
offense, including two passing touchdowns. In following days, Manziel
became the frontrunner for the Heisman Trophy in most national watch
lists and polls due to his performance during the game combined with
other Heisman frontrunners faltering.

On November 24 during the game against the Missouri Tigers
before a home crowd, Manziel left the game with an apparent knee injury
late in the first quarter. He returned to the field for the next series
of downs wearing a knee brace and finished the game with 439 yards of
total offense, including 3 passing and 2 rushing touchdowns. During the
game, he broke the single season record for offensive production in the
SEC with 4600 yards, surpassing Cam Newton and Tim Tebow, notable recent Heisman Trophy
winners. He also became the first freshman and only the fifth player in
NCAA history to pass for 3000 and rush for 1000 yards in a season,
reaching that mark two games earlier than any other player. He won the
SEC Freshman of the Year Award and College Football Performance National
Freshman of the Year Award.[22] Manziel won the Davey O’Brien Award on December 6 and the Heisman Trophy on December 8, making him the first freshman ever to win either award.[4]

2013 season

Texas A&M started the 2013 season with a No. 6 ranking in the Coaches Poll.[23] Prior to the season, some journalists argued that Johnny could suffer a sophomore slump,[24][25][26] while others felt that he will continue to have success.[27][28][29]
Manziel’s eligibility for the 2013 season was under question after
reports surfaced that he had signed autographs for money in January
2013. On August 28, 2013, the NCAA reached an agreement with Texas
A&M to suspend Manziel for the first half of the team’s game against
Rice (the first game of the season), after acknowledging that Manziel
did not receive any money for the autographs.[30]

In the game against No. 1 Alabama, Manziel threw for a school record of 464 yards and 5 touchdowns in the 49–42 loss. His primary target during the game was Mike Evans, who compiled 7 receptions for a school record of 279 yards.[31]

College career statistics

Season Statistics (Johnny Manziel – Texas A&M University) sortable tables

2013 SEASON Passing Rushing Notes:
Game Opponent Record Att Com Pct Yds Avg TD Int QB Rating Att Yds Avg TD Game info / Accomplishments / Honors
1 Rice W 52-31 8 6 75.0% 94 11.8 3 0 297.5 6 19 3.2 0 Only played in 2nd half due to suspension.
2 Sam Houston St. W 65-28 42 29 69.0% 426 9.8 3 1 173.1 7 36 5.1 1
3 #1 Alabama L 49-42 39 28 71.8% 464 11.90 5 2 203.8 14 98 7.0 0 Davey O’Brien QB of the Week; Earl Campbell Tyler Rose weekly award; Paul Hornung Award
4 SMU W 42-13 21 14 66.7% 244 11.62 1 1 170.5 12 102 8.5 2
5 @Arkansas W 45-33 30 23 76.7% 261 8.70 2 0 171.7 9 59 6.6 0
6 @#21 Ole Miss W 41-38 39 31 79.5% 346 8.9 0 1 148.9 19 124 6.5 2
7 Auburn
8 Vanderbilt
10 Mississippi St.
11 @#6 LSU
12 @Missouri
Totals >> 5-1 (2-1) 179 131 71.4% 1835 10.6 14 5 192.5 67 428 6.5 5

Bold Opponent Names = SEC conference games

Honors & accomplishments

2012 honors

Full-season awards and nominations

Associated Press[34]
Football Writers Association of America[35]
Walter Camp Football Foundation[36]
Sporting News[37]
CBS Sports[39]
Sports Illustrated[41]

Weekly awards

  • 2-time Walter Camp National Offensive Player of the Week[48]
  • 3-time AT&T All-America Player of the Week[49]
  • 3-time SEC Offensive Player of the Week[50]
  • 9-time SEC Freshman of the Week[50]

NCAA records & notes

  • FBS Freshman record: rushing yards by a quarterback, season (1,343)[5]
  • FBS Freshman record: total offense, season (5,116)[5]
  • Most games with 300+ passing yards and 100+ rushing yards, career (4)[5]
  • FBS record: First Freshman (and 5th player ever) in FBS history with 3,000 passing yards and 1,000 rushing yards, season[5]
  • FBS record: Rushing yards by a Quarterback in a Bowl Game (229 yards)[5]
  • Second freshman in FBS history to rush for 1,000 yards and pass for 2,000 yards[5]
  • First Freshman to win the Heisman Trophy[5]
  • First Freshman to win the Davey O’Brien National Quarterback Award[5]
  • First Freshman to win the Manning Award[5]
  • Only the 4th player to have 20 Passing TD’s & 20 Rushing TD’s, season

SEC records & notes

  • Most yards total offense in a game (576, breaking Archie Manning‘s 1969 record of 540 yards)[51]
    • The first 3 spots on the SEC total offense in a game
      • 576 yards
      • 562 yards against #1 Alabama
      • 557 yards two weeks before the 576 yards
  • Most yards total offense, season (5,116, breaking Cam Newton‘s 2010 record in two fewer games)
  • Most yards total offense, game average (383.3, breaking Tim Couch‘s 1998 record, of 377.4 yards)
  • Highest yards per play average (50 plays minimum), game (10.71,
    against Arkansas on September 29, 2012, breaking Steve Tanneyhill’s
    record of 10.0 yards)
  • First SEC quarterback to pass for 3,000 yards and rush for 1,000 yards in one season

Texas A&M records & notes

  • Record for total yards in a season with 5,116.
  • Record for passing yards in a game with 464 yards against #1 Alabama on September 14th 2013.
    • Also has the 2nd spot with 453 yards against Arkansas on September 29, 2012.
  • Most yards total offense in a game (576, breaking Archie Manning‘s 1969 record of 540 yards)[51]
    • The first 3 spots on the Texas A&M total offense in a game
      • 576 yards
      • 562 yards against #1 Alabama
      • 557 yards two weeks before the 576 yards
  • In 10 games, Manziel had 4 of the top 10 games in total offense in Texas A&M history.
  • Logged 10 straight games with 300 or more total yards, 16 total games with 300+ yards.
  • The 3rd A&M quarterback to surpass 3,000 passing yards in a season. [52]
  • The 6th A&M quarterback to surpass 5,000 passing yards in a career. [52]
  • The 2nd most passing yards in a single season. [52]
  • The most rushing TD’s in a single season. [52]
  • The 3rd most passing TD’s in a single season. [52]
  • 5th in career passing TD’s. [52]
  • Tied for 12th in career rushing TD’s. [52]
  • 4th in school career passing yards. [52]
  • 18th in school career rushing yards. [52]

Outside of football

Manziel is a friend of rap artist Drake, whom he considers an idol.[53]

June 2012 arrest

On June 29, 2012, before he was chosen as Texas A&M’s starting
quarterback and before his first college game, Manziel was arrested and
charged with three misdemeanors—disorderly conduct, failure to identify,
and possession of a fictitious driver’s license. These charges stemmed
from a late-night fight in College Station, Texas.[54] In July 2013, he pled guilty for failure to identify, and the other two charges were dismissed.[55]

Police reports state that Manziel was with a friend who directed a
racial slur at a man on the street. The man then approached the two of
them trying to get at the friend, but Manziel placed himself between the
two men saying his friend didn’t mean it and he was going to take him
home. The man continued pushing against Manziel to reach the other, and
eventually Manziel pushed back. At this point, the man swung at Manziel
who then began fighting back. Shortly afterward, the bicycle patrol
officers arrived. Manziel, who at the time was 19, presented a fake
Louisiana driver’s license to police officers showing himself to be 21.
Manziel was taken into custody and reportedly spent the night in jail.[56][57] After the incident, Manziel eventually regained the favor of his team and head coach Kevin Sumlin, and was named the starting quarterback.[58]
Per Sumlin’s policy of not allowing freshmen to give media interviews,
Manziel was unable to speak to reporters about his arrest until the end
of the 2012 regular season. When reporters asked about the incident
during his first press conference on November 27, Manziel stated that he
had learned from the mistake and “had to make a lot of changes in [his]

2013 offseason

During the 2013 offseason, Manziel drew significant media attention over his behavior off the field.[61] Notable incidents include his early departure from the Manning Passing Academy after allegedly oversleeping,[62] tweeting that he “can’t wait to leave College Station” after receiving a parking ticket,[63] and getting kicked out of a University of Texas fraternity party.[64] An ESPN The Magazine article revealed his parents’ concerns about his dealings with his newfound stardom.[65]

On August 4, 2013, ESPN reported that the NCAA
was investigating whether Manziel accepted payments from autographs
that he had signed in January 2013. The NCAA did not find any evidence
that Manziel accepted money for the autographs, but reached an agreement
with Texas A&M to suspend him for the first half of the season
opener against Rice University, due to an “inadvertent violation” of NCAA rules.[30]

Who is James Thomas Fallon, Jr.?

Who is James Thomas Fallon, Jr.? The entertainment and acting world knows him as Jimmy Fallon, he is an American actor, comedian, singer, musician and television host. He currently hosts Late Night with Jimmy Fallon, a late-night talk show that airs on NBC. Prior to that he appeared in several films, and was best known as a cast member on Saturday Night Live from 1998 to 2004.

Early life

James Thomas Fallon, Jr., was born September 19, 1974 in Brooklyn, New York. Jimmy is the son of Gloria and James Fallon, Sr.,[1] who is a Vietnam War veteran.[2] His family settled in Saugerties, New York, while his father worked at IBM in nearby Kingston, New York. He is of Irish descent.[3] As a child, he and his older sister, Gloria, would reenact the “clean parts” of Saturday Night Live that his parents had taped for him.[4] Fallon was such a fan of Saturday Night Live
that he made a weekly event of watching it in his dormitory during
college. In his teens, he impressed his parents with different
impersonations, the first being of James Cagney.[5][6]
He was also musically inclined, and started playing guitar at age 13.
He would go on to perform comedy and music in contests and shows.[6]


Fallon attended The College of Saint Rose in Albany, New York. He was a Computer Science major, but switched to Communication in his senior year, dropping out a semester shy of a degree.[7][8] “I was a Computer Science major. I got out once it got really hard. I made it up to C++.
Then I couldn’t do the math – it got really confusing. I switched to
Communications, which is a ridiculous major – let’s be honest,” he
recalls.[9] On May 9, 2009, Fallon received a B.A. in Communication and an honorary
doctorate degree from The College of Saint Rose after presenting
college officials with his portfolio which satisfied all requisites for
his degree.[7] In addition to receiving a BA, Fallon spoke at the school’s 86th commencement. That night, on Saturday Night Live, he held up his diploma during the closing of the show.



Fallon gives credit to troll dolls
for his big break. He was given a troll doll with a graduation cap in
his senior year of high school. His mother heard about an impression
contest at Bananas Comedy Club
in Poughkeepsie, NY. Fallon came up with a stand-up routine that was a
commercial for troll dolls. He would impersonate various celebrities
auditioning to be the spokesperson. He won the contest and after college
he began to do stand-up tours across the country. When he was in Los
Angeles, he took improv classes with The Groundlings.[5]

Early work

Fallon appeared in the feature film The Scheme (originally entitled The Entrepreneurs). His one line in Father’s Day was cut but he can still be seen in the background. In 1998 Fallon appeared briefly on the show Spin City
in the second season as a man selling photographs. By late 1998, Fallon
was studying at the Groundlings Theater in Los Angeles, making $7.50 a
set at The Improv Theater, when he was summoned to New York to audition for the long-running late night sketch comedy show, Saturday Night Live. Fallon did his impersonations of Jerry Seinfeld,[10] French Stewart, Pat O’Brien, Chris Rock, Hilary Swank, Gilbert Gottfried, Enrique Iglesias, Adam Sandler, Jeff Foxworthy, Eddie Murphy, Larry the Cable Guy. Fallon also did musical impersonations of Bono of U2, Adam Duritz of Counting Crows, Alanis Morissette, and Robert Smith of The Cure.[4]

Saturday Night Live

Fallon’s impersonations helped land him on Saturday Night Live as a featured player in the 1998–1999 season,[11] and he was promoted to full cast member in the summer of 1999.[4] Among his signature bits were his song parodies, which he performed when Colin Quinn was doing Update and continued to showcase on special occasions after he had replaced him. He became co-anchor of Weekend Update with Tina Fey with the October 7, 2000 season premiere.[12] Fallon left SNL in 2004 and began pursuing a film career.
Fallon returned to SNL, hosting the December 17, 2011 episode, having made several cameos in episodes in the years since his departure.[13] His performance hosting SNL earned him a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series.

Recurring characters

  • Dave, a young man in the Will Ferrell/Rachel Dratch recurring sketch, “The Lovers”, often used as a pawn in Roger and Virginia’s matchmaking.
  • Jarret (from Jarret’s Room), a stoner who hosts his own Internet webcam show.
  • Jeffrey’s clerk, one of the clerks (the other being a male host for the show) of an upscale department store.
  • Joey Mack, an obnoxious radio DJ who mocks his celebrity guests.
  • Kip Bloder, brother to Chris Parnell‘s Wade Bloder.
  • The Leather Man, an intense man who owns a shop filled with leather clothes.
  • Nick Burns,
    a sarcastic tech support representative who helps office workers with
    computer problems (and is almost always exposed as not knowing as much
    as he should by one of the workers). He frequently used the catchphrase
    “Moooooove!” when ousting people from their desk so he could fix the
  • Pat Sullivan, nicknamed “Sully”, one of the Boston Teens, boyfriend of Rachel Dratch’s Denise character.
  • Patrick Fitzwilliam, a surly Irishman who hosts a show called Top O’
    The Morning with his friend, William Fitzpatrick (played by Seth Meyers)
  • Randy Goldman, from “Wake Up Wakefield”, Megan’s (Maya Rudolph) crush who does not know she exists.
  • Rodney “The Zipper” Calzoun, the MC at the Rialto Grande
  • Señor Guadalupe Ramirez, one of the guitar players on the recurring sketch, “The ‘How Do You Say, Ah, Yes’ Show”
  • Wade, one of the members of the boy band 7 Degrees Celsius
  • Barry Gibb, in the skit called “The Barry Gibb Talk Show“, he hosts along with his brother Robin Gibb (played by Justin Timberlake).
  • Carson Daly, whom he impersonated with the catch phrase “I am a massive tool.”[14]
  • Pat O’Brien, who “doesn’t breathe through his nose ever!”

Late Night with Jimmy Fallon

Fallon succeeded fellow Saturday Night Live alumnus Conan O’Brien as the host of NBC‘s Late Night after O’Brien left the show to prepare to take over The Tonight Show from Jay Leno in 2009.[15] The deal for the long-expected succession was confirmed April 24, 2008, with an official announcement[16] made on May 12, 2008 at NBC’s upfront presentation.[17][18] The official press conference was released on Hulu.com.[19]
The show, titled Late Night with Jimmy Fallon, first aired on March 2, 2009 with guests Robert De Niro, Justin Timberlake, Nick Carter, and musical guest Van Morrison. Guests on the show’s first week included Tina Fey, Jon Bon Jovi, Cameron Diaz, Donald Trump, and Drew Barrymore.
“Late Night with Jimmy Fallon” sometimes features parodies by Fallon
impersonating various musicians, and he has been praised for his ability
to pull off spot-on impressions. Fallon often changes the lyrics to
honor a recent event in popular culture and videos of these performances
tend to go viral. In one segment, on May 26, 2011, Fallon impersonated Neil Young, singing along with guests Graham Nash and David Crosby, of Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young. Recent parodies include Fallon impersonating Eddie Vedder and Pearl Jam performing “Jeremy (Lin)” in light of the hysteria surrounding New York Knicks shocking standout Jeremy Lin, the Doors singing the theme song to the PBS children’s show “Reading Rainbow“, Neil Young’s version of the “Fresh Prince of Bel Air” theme song, and David Bowie‘s “Space Oddity” with inspiration by Denver Broncos quarterback Tim Tebow.
First appearing in January 2012, and dubbing himself as “Tebowie”,
Fallon’s impersonation of the famously-religious quarterback went viral.
Due to overwhelmingly positive acclaim from the public, Fallon revived
the act on March 20, 2012 after the Denver Broncos acquired superstar
and future hall of fame quarterback Peyton Manning,
and revealed their intentions to trade Tebow. Fallon continues to do
impersonations, particularly ones of famous singers, in some of the
show’s comedy segments.
To celebrate the second anniversary on March 2, 2011, Ben & Jerry’s launched a personalized “Late Night Snack” ice cream. This was immediately parodied on The Colbert Report
the next day and the two show hosts engaged in a brief ice cream
personality war. Colbert used numerous “fecal matter” jokes to describe
the flavor of the ice cream named after Jimmy Fallon.[20]
On November 21, 2011, U.S. Representative Michele Bachmann, who was
active in the Republican Presidential Primaries at the time, appeared as
a guest on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon. As she walked onto the
stage, the band played a funk song titled “Lyin’ Ass Bitch,” without any
lyrics. Hours earlier, the band’s drummer Questlove
had sent a tweet about the song choice: “late night walkon song
devotees: you love it when we snark: this next one takes the cake. ask
around cause i aint tweeting title.” After a prominent Democratic
Congress woman complained, Fallon made a general apology by tweet.[21]
Fallon began his tweet with the words: “I’m honored that
@michelebachmann was on our show yesterday and I’m so sorry about the
intro mess.”[22] Fallon also used his Twitter account to tease his Roots bandleader Ahmir “Questlove” Thompson that he was “grounded”.[22]
According to Tyra Banks
from her appearance on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon on August 21, 2012,
Jimmy has an ‘M’ shaped forehead, measuring 7 inches across, 3 inches
in height from the middle of his eyebrows, and 4 inches in height from
the middle of either eyebrow, thus qualifying him for the forehead crew.

Other work

Fallon appeared in Taxi, Anything Else, Almost Famous, Fever Pitch, Band of Brothers, Doogal, Factory Girl and Whip It.
He occasionally does stand up comedy in New York City and has also
performed at the House of Blues in Boston, Massachusetts on occasions.
In 2002, Fallon released the comedy album The Bathroom Wall. In a mixed review, Rolling Stone
praised the album’s songs, calling the album the “second-best Prince
parody ever, after Beck’s ‘Debra’.” However the magazine panned the
album’s comedy routines, ultimately giving it two-out-of-five stars.[23] The album was nominated for a Grammy in 2003 for Best Spoken Comedy Album. Fallon co-hosted the 2001 MTV Movie Awards with Kirsten Dunst on June 7, 2001.[24] Fallon has played Neo in Sex and the Matrix, a comedic two-in-one parody of Sex and the City and The Matrix.[25] He hosted the 2002 MTV Video Music Awards alone that year.[26] His opening number included parodies of videos by Eminem, Avril Lavigne, Nelly, The White Stripes, Dave Matthews and Enrique Iglesias.
Also in 2002, Fallon appeared in The Rutles 2: Can’t Buy Me Lunch
as the son of Melvin Hall, and constantly pesters his father, often
stealing his mike, claiming that the film is “his documentary.”[27]
Fallon also hosted the 2005 MTV Movie Awards and played Anakin Skywalker in comedic parody of Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Siths Mustafar scene, in which Anakin and Padme have their last conversation. Fallon was named one of People magazine’s 50 Most Beautiful People in 2002, an honor Fallon found embarrassing.[28]
Following the Boston Red Sox‘s World Series clinching game over the St. Louis Cardinals in 2004, Fallon ran onto the field at Busch Stadium with Drew Barrymore to film a scene for their movie Fever Pitch.
In 2006, Fallon starred in “Spontaneous Combustion”, a Traktor-directed Pepsi television commercial with actress Parker Posey. In the ad, Fallon and Posey can be seen dancing and jumping around to the song Streamline by Newton. In October of that year, Fallon appeared on stage in The Secret Policeman’s Ball, a charity gig filmed to raise awareness of Amnesty International at the Royal Albert Hall. Fallon made three appearances during the show, the first in a sketch in which he performed impressions of people such as David Bowie, Jerry Seinfeld and David Blaine in order to get past a doorman (Shaun Williamson) who claims Fallon is not on the list. The doorman finally recognizes him for his role in Taxi, but still will not let him in. He later masqueraded as Russell Brand before being led off by Williamson, and made one final appearance in a cameo role as the front of a pantomime horse in the Al Murray “pub landlord” routine. He also provided the voice of Dylan in Doogal.
In 2007, Fallon wrote the song “Car Wash for Peace” and donated all proceeds to charity. He performed the song on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno and The View
and dedicated a MySpace page to the cause. Around the same time, a
video circulated on various Internet sites called lonelyfallon32, in
which Fallon parodied YouTube celebrity Jessica Rose (a.k.a. lonelygirl15) and later performed the song.
Fallon, along with his sister Gloria, wrote I Hate This Place: The Pessimist’s Guide to Life
for TV Books in 1999. A second book is anticipated but has not yet been
released, to be titled “I Hate This Place 2: Tokyo Drift.”[4] Fallon has also written a children’s book, illustrated by Adam Stower, entitled Snowball Fight.
Fallon also appeared on Diggnation’s 185th show.[29]
On May 4, 2010, NBC announced that Fallon would host the 62nd Primetime Emmy Awards.[30] With Fallon as host, viewership of the 2010 Emmy Awards increased by over 200,000 viewers from the year before.[31]
On April 24, 2012, Jimmy Fallon filmed his live show in Chapel Hill,
NC on the campus of the University of North Carolina. His guest was
President Barack Obama, who spoke primarily about Congress potentially
doubling the interest rates of student loans. His musical guest was Dave
On June 9, 2012, he guest-hosted American Top 40 with Ryan Seacrest.
On June 12, 2012, Fallon released his second comedy album, Blow Your Pants Off. Most of the songs comes from his Late Night impersonations, such as Tebowie and Neil Young. The album is also notable for its guest appearances, which include Stephen Colbert, Eddie Vedder, Bruce Springsteen, Paul McCartney, Justin Timberlake, Dave Matthews, Big & Rich, and newscaster Brian Williams. The album won a Grammy in 2013 for Best Comedy Album. In an interview with American Songwriter,
Fallon stated that “Any comedy album that has Justin Timberlake, Paul
McCartney, Eddie Vedder, Dave Matthews, Bruce Springsteen – that’s
pretty crazy. If I was 15-year-old me, I would be like, ‘Oh my God, this
is awesome!’ Though I’d probably be like, ‘Who’s Dave Matthews?’
because he doesn’t exist yet.”[32]
Fallon is the creator and one of the executive producers of Guys with Kids, part of NBC’s 2012–13 television schedule.

Personal life

Fallon married Nancy Juvonen on December 22, 2007.[33] Juvonen and Drew Barrymore own the production company Flower Films. He has also dated Tara Subkoff and Winona Ryder in the past. Fallon has a dog named Gary Frick, who often appears on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon.
On February 22, 2011, Fallon was on The Dr. Oz Show. He had a mole removed from his left hand in front of a live studio audience by visiting cosmetic surgeon Arthur Perry.[34][35][36]


Year Title Role Notes
2000 Almost Famous Dennis Hope
2002 The Rutles 2: Can’t Buy Me Lunch Reporter
2003 Anything Else Bob
2003 The Entrepreneurs Ray filmed in 1998 but released in 2003
2004 Taxi Andrew ‘Andy’ Washburn
2005 Fever Pitch Ben
2006 Doogal Dylan Voice Role
2006 Night of Too Many Stars: An Overbooked Event for Autism Education Barry Gibb TV Movie
2006 Arthur and the Invisibles Betameche Voice Role
2006 Factory Girl Chuck Wein
2008 The Year of Getting to Know Us Christopher Rocket
2009 Whip It Johnny Rocket
2009 Arthur and the Revenge of Maltazard Prince Betameche Voice Role
2012 Arthur 3: The War of the Two Worlds Prince Betameche Voice Role





  • “Idiot Boyfriend” (2002)
  • “Car Wash for Peace” (2008)
  • “Drunk On Christmas (feat. John Rich)” (2010)

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Who is Mark Robert Michael Wahlberg?

Who is Mark Robert Michael Wahlberg? The entertainment and acting world knows hims as Mark Wahlberg, he is an American actor, film and television producer, and former rapper. He was known as Marky Mark in his earlier years, and became famous for his 1991 debut as frontman with the band Marky Mark and the Funky Bunch. He was named No. 1 on VH1‘s 40 Hottest Hotties of the 90’s. Wahlberg is well known for his roles in films such as Fear (1996), Boogie Nights (1997), Three Kings (1999), The Perfect Storm (2000), Planet of the Apes (2001), Rock Star (2001), The Italian Job (2003), I Heart Huckabees (2004), Four Brothers (2005), The Departed (2006), Invincible (2006), Shooter (2007), Max Payne (2008), The Fighter (2010), Date Night (2010), and Ted (2012). He has also served as the executive producer of the TV series Entourage, Boardwalk Empire and How to Make It in America.

Early life

Wahlberg was born June 5, 1971 in the Dorchester neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, the youngest of nine children,[2] with siblings Arthur, Jim, Paul, Robert, Tracey, Michelle, Debbie (died in 2003 at age 44), and Donnie. Wahlberg’s mother, Alma Elaine (née Donnelly), was a bank clerk and nurse’s aide, and Wahlberg’s father, Donald Edward Wahlberg, was a Teamster who worked as a delivery driver. His parents divorced in 1982.[3] His father was of half Swedish and half Irish ancestry, and his mother is of Irish, English, and French Canadian descent.[4] Maternally, Wahlberg is distantly related to author Nathaniel Hawthorne.[5] Wahlberg had a Roman Catholic[6][7] upbringing and attended Copley Square High School (but never graduated) on Newbury Street in Boston.

Assaults and conviction

Wahlberg had been in trouble 20–25 times with the Boston Police Department in his youth. By the age of thirteen, Wahlberg had developed an addiction to cocaine and other substances.[8][9] At fifteen, he harassed a group of black school children on a field trip by throwing rocks and shouting racial epithets.[10]
When he was sixteen, Wahlberg approached a middle-aged Vietnamese man
on the street and, using a large wooden stick, knocked him unconscious
(while calling him “Vietnam fucking shit”). He also attacked another
Vietnamese man, leaving him permanently blind in one eye.[11][12]

For these crimes, Wahlberg was charged with attempted murder, pled guilty to assault, and was sentenced to two years in state prison at Boston’s Deer Island House of Correction, of which he served 45 days.[11][13] In another incident, the 21-year-old Wahlberg fractured the jaw of a neighbor in an unprovoked attack.[14]
Commenting in 2006 on his past crimes, Wahlberg has stated: “I did a
lot of things that I regret, and I have certainly paid for my mistakes.”
He said the right thing to do would be to try to find the blinded man
and make amends, and admitted he has not done so, but added that he was
no longer burdened by guilt: “You have to go and ask for forgiveness and
it wasn’t until I really started doing good and doing right by other
people, as well as myself, that I really started to feel that guilt go
away. So I don’t have a problem going to sleep at night. I feel good
when I wake up in the morning.”[15]

After landing in prison following this assault, he decided to change
his ways. According to Wahlberg, “As soon as I began that life of crime,
there was always a voice in my head telling me I was going to end up in
jail. Three of my brothers had done time. My sister went to prison so
many times I lost count. Finally I was there, locked up with the kind of
guys I’d always wanted to be like. Now I’d earned my stripes and I was
just like them, and I realized it wasn’t what I wanted at all. I’d ended
up in the worst place I could possibly imagine and I never wanted to go
back. First of all, I had to learn to stay on the straight and narrow.”
Wahlberg first relied on the guidance of his parish priest to turn his back on crime. He told his street gang
that he was leaving them and had “some serious fights” with them over
it. The actor commented in 2009: “I’ve made a lot of mistakes in my life
and I’ve done bad things, but I never blamed my upbringing for that. I
never behaved like a victim so that I would have a convenient reason for
victimizing others. Everything I did wrong was my own fault. I was
taught the difference between right and wrong at an early age. I take
full responsibility.”[16]

Music career

Wahlberg first came to fame as the younger brother of Donnie Wahlberg of the successful 1980s and 1990s boy band New Kids on the Block. Mark, at age thirteen, had been one of the group’s original members, along with Donnie, Danny Wood, Jordan Knight, and Jonathan Knight. However, he soon quit. It was his departure that eventually allowed Joe McIntyre to take his place as the fifth member of the group.

Wahlberg began recording as Marky Mark and the Funky Bunch, earning a hit with “Good Vibrations” from the album Music for the People. The record was produced by brother Donnie and later hit No.1 on the Billboard Hot 100, later becoming certified as a platinum single. The second single, “Wildside”, peaked at No. 5 on Billboards Hot Singles Sales chart and at No. 10 on the Billboard Hot 100.[17]
It was certified as a gold single. Marky Mark opened for the New Kids
on the Block during their last tour. The second Marky Mark and the Funky
Bunch LP, You Gotta Believe,
was not as successful as the prior, yielding only a minor hit single in
the title track. Wahlberg later collaborated with the late reggae/ragga singer Prince Ital Joe on the album Life in the Streets. The project combined rap and ragga vocals with strong eurodance music (as in the singles Happy People, German No. 1 hit United, Life in the Streets, and Babylon) courtesy of Frank Peterson and Alex Christensen as producers.

He was also featured in the Black Label Society music video for “Counterfeit God“, as a stand-in for the band’s bassist.[18]

Advertising career

Wahlberg first displayed his physique in the Good Vibrations music video and most prominently in a series of underwear ads for Calvin Klein shot by Herb Ritts, following it with Calvin Klein television advertisements.[19] Magazine and television promotions would sometimes feature Mark exclusively or accompanied by model Kate Moss. Annie Leibovitz also shot a famous session of Mark Wahlberg in underwear for Vanity Fair’s annual Hall of Fame issue.[20] He also made a workout video titled The Marky Mark Workout: Form… Focus… Fitness (ISBN 1-55510-910-1).

In 2012, he launched a line of sports nutrition supplements called “Marked”.[21]

Film career

Wahlberg dropped the “Marky Mark” moniker and began an acting career, making his debut in the 1993 TV movie The Substitute. His big screen debut came the next year, with the Danny DeVito feature Renaissance Man. A basketball fanatic, he caught the attention of critics after appearing in The Basketball Diaries in 1995, playing the role of Mickey alongside Leonardo DiCaprio, in a film adaptation of the Jim Carroll book of the same name. He also starred in the 1996 James Foley thriller Fear.

He has earned many positive reviews after successful movies like Boogie Nights (as Dirk Diggler), Three Kings, The Perfect Storm, The Italian Job, and Four Brothers. His performance in I ♥ Huckabees was voted best supporting performance of the year in the 2004 Village Voice Critics Poll. Wahlberg was originally cast as Linus Caldwell in Ocean’s Eleven; Matt Damon played the role instead. The two later worked together in The Departed.[22] Wahlberg was also considered for a role in the film Brokeback Mountain. It was originally intended to star him and Joaquin Phoenix,
but Wahlberg was uncomfortable with the film’s sex scenes as was
Phoenix (whose role went to Heath Ledger) and Mark’s role ultimately
went to Jake Gyllenhaal.[23]

Wahlberg starred in the American football drama, Invincible, based on the true story of bartender Vince Papale. He is also the executive producer of the HBO series Entourage which is loosely based on his experiences in Hollywood. He also appeared as a foul-mouthed Massachusetts State Police detective in Martin Scorsese‘s critically acclaimed thriller, The Departed in 2006, which netted him an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor, a Golden Globe nomination for Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role in a Motion Picture, and an NSFC Best Supporting Actor award. Wahlberg has confirmed that he was approached to star in a sequel to The Departed, but it is still early in development. The sequel would reportedly revolve around the Staff Sergeant played by Wahlberg.[24]

To prepare for his role in Shooter, Wahlberg attended long-range shooting training at Front Sight Firearms Training Institute near Pahrump, Nevada, and was able to hit a target at 1100 yards on his second day, a feat which usually takes weeks to achieve.[25] He has said in a number of interviews that he will retire at the age of 40 to concentrate on parenthood[26] and professional golf. However, in early 2007 he indicated that the latter was no longer the plan as “his golf game is horrible”.[27] He played Jack Salmon, a leading role in Peter Jackson‘s film of The Lovely Bones.[28] In 2007, he starred opposite Joaquin Phoenix in We Own the Night, a movie about a family of police officers in New York City.

He starred in M. Night Shyamalan‘s The Happening as Eliot Moore, which premiered in movie theatres on June 13, 2008. The same year, he played the title role in Max Payne, based on a video game of the same name. While promoting Max Payne, Mark became involved in a playful feud with Saturday Night Lives Andy Samberg and threatened to “crack that big fucking nose of his”. Samberg had done an impression of Wahlberg in a Saturday Night Live skit titled “Mark Wahlberg Talks To Animals”.[29][30]
However, Wahlberg later appeared in a follow-up skit parodying both the
original skit, Samberg’s impression of Wahlberg, and his own threats to

Personal life

Family and relationships

In the early 1990s, Wahlberg dated former child actress Soleil Moon Frye.[33] Wahlberg and model Rhea Durham
have been together since 2001 and were married on August 1, 2009 at the
Good Shepherd Catholic Church in Beverly Hills. The couple have four
children, Ella Rae (born September 2, 2003), Michael Robert (born March
21, 2006), Brendan Joseph (born September 16, 2008) and Grace Margaret
(born January 11, 2010). In a 2011 interview with USA Weekend, Wahlberg stated that he had taken his children to visit his old Dorchester neighborhood, saying “I want them to know that not everyone is as fortunate and how important it is to work hard and give back.”[34]

His father, a US Army veteran of the Korean War, died on February 14, 2008.[35]


Wahlberg is a committed Roman Catholic,[36]
who attends daily Mass, credits his faith and a priest from his
childhood for helping him turn his life around, and recognizes the
seriousness of his faith.[7]

Charity work

Actively involved in charity, Wahlberg established the Mark Wahlberg Youth Foundation in May 2001 for the purpose of raising and distributing funds to youth service and enrichment programs.[37]

Wahlberg is also active with The Good Shepherd Center for Homeless
Women and Children. In an interview, Mark said that it’s important to
let the homeless know that people care about them and are working to
help the impoverished get back on their feet.[38]

Wahlberg served on the Honorary Board of Jerry Sandusky‘s The Second Mile children’s charity before Sandusky’s 2011 arrest on child sex abuse charges.[39]


Wahlberg has four tattoos done by various artists including Paul Timman.[40] The tattoos include Sylvester the cat with Tweety Bird in his mouth on his ankle, a design of his initials “MW” with his surname “Wahlberg” on his upper right arm, and a Bob Marley tattoo with “One Love” on his upper left arm.[41] The final tattoo, which Wahlberg holds as his most meaningful, is the rosary tattooed around his neck, with a crucifix and the words “In God I Trust” resting over his heart.[41] On January 9, 2012 Wahlberg was a guest on the Late Show with David Letterman.
He spoke about his tattoos and stated he is in the process of having
them removed. Initially he was told it would take 8–10 laser treatments,
however he required over 30 treatments and is still in the process of
getting them removed. He cited his career and children as the reason for
the removal of the tattoos. His first tattoo was as a young teenager
and it was of a shamrock. As it was not professionally done, he said the
shamrock was not straight and had the Tweety Bird tattoo placed over it
after arriving in Los Angeles.



List of acting performances in film and television
Title Year Role Notes
The Substitute 1993 Ryan Westerberg Credited as “Marky Mark”
Renaissance Man 1994 Private Tommy Lee Haywood
The Basketball Diaries 1995 Mickey
Fear 1996 David McCall Nominated—MTV Movie Award for Best Villain
Traveller 1997 Pat O’Hara
Boogie Nights 1997 Eddie Adams/Dirk Diggler Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
The Big Hit 1998 Melvin Smiley
The Corruptor 1999 Detective Danny Wallace
Three Kings 1999 Troy Barlow
The Yards 2000 Leo Handler
The Perfect Storm 2000 Robert “Bobby” Shatford
Planet of the Apes 2001 Captain Leo Davidson
Rock Star 2001 Chris “Izzy” Cole
The Truth About Charlie 2002 Joshua Peters
The Italian Job 2003 Charlie Croker Main role
Entourage 2004
Mark Wahlberg “Pilot” (Season 1, Episode 1)
“Unlike a Virgin” (Season 5, Episode 2)
“Fore” (Season 6, Episode 5)
“Tequila and Coke” (Season 7, Episode 7)
I Heart Huckabees 2004 Tommy Corn Village Voice Film Poll—Best Supporting Performance
Nominated—Chlotrudis Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Four Brothers 2005 Robert “Bobby” Mercer Main role
Invincible 2006 Vincent “Vince” Francis Papale Main role
The Departed 2006 Sgt. Sean Dignam Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor
National Board of Review Award for Best Cast
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor
Satellite Award for Best Cast – Motion Picture
Nominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
Nominated—Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
Nominated—Toronto Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Shooter 2007 GySgt. Bob Lee Swagger Main role
We Own the Night 2007 Captain Joseph “Joe” Grusinsky
Saturday Night Live 2008 Mark Wahlberg “Josh Brolin/Adele” (Season 34, Episode 5)
The Happening 2008 Elliot Moore Nominated—Worst Actor
Max Payne 2008 Max Payne
The Lovely Bones 2009 Jack Salmon
Date Night 2010 Holbrooke Grant
The Other Guys 2010 Detective Terry Hoitz Lead role
Cubed 2010 Mark Wahlberg “Episode #2.14”
The Fighter 2010 Micky Ward African-American Film Critics Association for Best Actor
Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Cast
Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Cast
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated—San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Performance by an Ensemble
Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
Nominated—Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Ensemble
Contraband 2012 Chris Farraday
Ted 2012 John Bennett
Broken City 2013 Billy Taggart filming
Pain & Gain 2013 Daniel Lugo pre-production
List of credits as producer
Title Year Role Notes
Entourage 2004–11 Executive producer
We Own the Night 2007 Producer
In Treatment 2008–10 Executive producer
How to Make It in America 2010–11 Executive producer
Boardwalk Empire 2010–present Executive producer
The Fighter 2010 Producer
Contraband 2012 Producer

Who is Bryan Ferry?

Who is Bryan Ferry? The entertainment and music world knows him as Bryan Ferry, Ferry  is an English singer, musician, and songwriter. Ferry came to public prominence in the early 1970s as lead vocalist and principal songwriter with the band Roxy Music, who enjoyed a highly successful career with three number one albums and ten singles entering the top ten charts in the United Kingdom. Ferry began his solo career in 1973, while still a member of Roxy Music, which continues to the present day.


Before Roxy Music (before 1971)

Ferry was born 26 September 1945, Washington, County Durham, UK into a working class family (his father, Fred Ferry, was a farmer who also looked after pit ponies),[1] Ferry attended Washington Grammar-Technical School (now called Washington School) on Spout Lane from 1957 and achieved nine O levels, then studied fine art at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne under Richard Hamilton.[2] His contemporaries included Tim Head[3] and Nick de Ville.[4] He became a pottery teacher at Holland Park school in London.[5] Ferry formed the band The Banshees, and later, together with Graham Simpson, the band The Gas Board.[6]

Roxy Music and solo years (1971–1983)

Ferry formed Roxy Music with a group of friends and acquaintances, beginning with Graham Simpson, in November 1970. The line-up expanded to include saxophonist/oboist Andy Mackay and his acquaintance Brian Eno, who owned tape recorders and played Mackay’s synthesiser. Other early members included timpanist Dexter Lloyd and ex-Nice guitarist David O’List, who were replaced respectively by Paul Thompson and Phil Manzanera before the band recorded its first album. (Early Peel sessions for UK radio station Radio 1 feature O’List’s playing.)[7]
Roxy Music’s first hit, “Virginia Plain”, just missed topping the charts, and was followed up with several hit singles and albums, with Ferry as vocalist and occasional instrumentalist (he taught himself piano in his mid-twenties) and Eno contributing synthesiser backing.
For many years, Ferry has collaborated with fashion designer Antony Price for clothing and image consultations. Price is famous for his shop on London’s Kings Road. He created suits recognised worldwide for their elegance, and gained fame when celebrities and rock stars dressed in his designs.[8] Indeed, one comment by Nicky Haslam about Ferry was that he was more likely to redecorate a hotel room than to trash it.[9]

After their second album, Eno left Roxy Music, leaving Ferry its undisputed leader. Ferry had already started a parallel solo career in 1973, initially performing cover versions of old standards on albums such as These Foolish Things (1973) and Another Time, Another Place (1974), both of which reached the UK Top 5. After the concert tours in support of Siren, Roxy Music temporarily disbanded in 1976 though band-members Paul Thompson, Phil Manzanera and Eddie Jobson took part in recording Ferry’s subsequent solo material. In 1976, Ferry covered a Beatles song, “She’s Leaving Home” for the transitory musical documentary All This and World War II. He went on to release three solo albums during this period, Let’s Stick Together (1976), In Your Mind (1977) and The Bride Stripped Bare (1978), but by this time his career had begun to wane.
Roxy Music reconvened in 1979, with Ferry, Manzanera, Thompson and Mackay (Jobson was no longer a member). The band recorded the albums Manifesto (1979), Flesh + Blood (1980) and Avalon (1982), the latter two reaching number one in the UK album charts.[10] The band also achieved their first and only UK number one single, “Jealous Guy“, released in 1981 as a posthumous tribute to its author John Lennon who had been murdered some months earlier. It was the only one of their singles not written by Ferry.
After lengthy tours to promote the Avalon album in 1982, Ferry decided to put Roxy Music on hold and continue as a solo artist.

After Roxy Music (1985–2001)

Ferry continued to record, and released his sixth solo album, Boys and Girls, in 1985. The album reached number one in the UK, his first and only solo recording to do so, and also became his biggest selling album in the US.
In July 1985, Ferry performed at the London Live Aid show, again accompanied by David Gilmour.[11] He was hit with technical difficulties on sound, the drummer’s drumstick broke at the start of the first song “Sensation” and Gilmour’s Fender Stratocaster went dead, so he had to switch to his candy-apple red Stratocaster for the rest of the performance.[12] The difficulties in sound were overcome for “Slave to Love” (featured on the soundtrack to 9½ Weeks) and “Jealous Guy”. As with other successful Live Aid acts, his current album, Boys and Girls, remained in the chart for almost a year.
After the Avalon promotional tours, Ferry was rather reluctant to return to life on the road; however, a change of management persuaded him to try touring again in 1988 to promote the previous year’s Bête Noire release. Following the tour, Ferry teamed up again with Brian Eno for Mamouna (collaborating with Robin Trower on guitar and as producer). The album took more than five years to produce, and was created under the working title Horoscope. During production, Ferry simultaneously recorded and released another covers album, Taxi in 1993, which proved to be a greater commercial and critical success than Mamouna would be when it was finally released in 1994. In 1996, Ferry performed the song “Dance With Life” for the Phenomenon soundtrack, which was written by Bernie Taupin and Martin Page. In 1999 Ferry appeared with Alan Partridge (played by Steve Coogan) on BBC’s Comic Relief.
After taking some time off from music, Ferry returned in 1999. He began to perform a mix of 1930s songs and songs of his own, including several from the Roxy collection, and recorded them on the album As Time Goes By, which was nominated for a Grammy award.[13]

Roxy Music reunion and continuing solo career (2001–present)

Ferry, Manzanera, Mackay and Thompson re-reformed Roxy Music in 2001 and toured extensively for a couple of years though the band did not record any new material. In 2002, with the help of Manzanera and Thompson, Ferry returned with his next studio album, Frantic, which also featured a collaboration with Brian Eno. The album was a mix of new original material and covers – something that Ferry had not attempted on a solo album since The Bride Stripped Bare in 1978.
In 2003, Ferry provided the entertainment for the Miss World election, a show with an expected 2 billion viewers worldwide.[14] In 2004, Ferry starred in the short film The Porter. In 2005, it was confirmed[15] that Roxy Music (Ferry, Eno, Mackay, Manzanera and Thompson) would be performing further shows at that year’s Isle Of Wight festival and that they would also be recording a further album of new and original songs, with no indication of when such a project would reach completion.[16] Brian Eno confirmed[17] that he has worked in the studio with Roxy Music once more and has co-written songs for the new album. However, Ferry later debunked the idea of a new Roxy Music album and stated that the material from these sessions will most likely be released as part of his next solo album,[18] and that “I don’t think we’ll record as Roxy again.”[19]
In October 2006, Bryan Ferry modelled clothing range Autograph with British retailer, Marks and Spencer. In 2007, Ferry released the album Dylanesque, a tribute album to Bob Dylan. The album charted in the UK Top 10, and Ferry undertook a UK tour.
On October 7, 2008, Ferry was honored as a BMI Icon at the annual BMI London Awards. He joined past Icons including Peter Gabriel, Ray Davies, Steve Winwood, Van Morrison, amongst others.[20]
In 2009, Ferry provided vocals on DJ Hell‘s record, U Can Dance. A new version of the track was recorded for Ferry’s new studio album, Olympia, released in October 2010. The album contained the material he had been recorded with his former Roxy Music bandmembers, and also featured an impressive cast of other musicians such as Nile Rodgers, David A. Stewart, Scissor Sisters, Groove Armada, Michael “Flea” Balzary, Johnny Greenwood and David Gilmour, and also featured model Kate Moss on the front cover. The album recieved excellent reviews and made the UK Top 20 as well as entering the U.S. Billboard Charts, pushed by it’s lead single “You Can Dance”.

Personal life

Several of the women Ferry has been involved with have appeared as cover models on the Roxy Music albums. Ferry dated singer and model Amanda Lear, who was photographed with a black jaguar for the cover of the For Your Pleasure album. She later went on to date David Bowie.[21]
Ferry then began a relationship with model Jerry Hall. Hall appeared in several of Ferry’s music videos, including “Let’s Stick Together” and “The Price of Love.” Ferry first met Hall when she posed for the Roxy Music album cover for Siren in Wales during the summer 1975. Hall’s autobiography Tall Tales describes the photo session, and she elaborates on how the blue body paint she wore to look like a mythical siren would not wash off; Hall says that Ferry took her back to his house, claiming he would help her to remove the paint.[22] Her stay at Ferry’s Holland Park (London) home, following the album cover photo shoot, marked the start of their affair. Hall and Ferry moved in together, sharing homes in London and in the ritzy Bel Air section of Los Angeles. His relationship with Hall ended when she left him for Mick Jagger in late 1977. To this day, Ferry rarely speaks about Hall, but fans often speculate that his song “Kiss and Tell” from the Bête Noire album was Ferry’s response to Hall’s tell-all book about their relationship.[23] Ferry often refuses to discuss his feelings about Hall or talk about their romantic history during interviews. Bryan Ferry’s solo album The Bride Stripped Bare is widely believed[24] to contain allusions to his break-up with Hall—particularly the song “When She Walks in the Room”. Ferry’s original songs on the album were in fact written some time before the relationship ended, although it was recorded afterwards.
Ferry eventually settled down to married life with Lucy Helmore, and they had four sons, including huntsman and political activist Otis, Isaac, Tara and Merlin.Tara was performing in a rock band called “Rubber Kiss Goodbye” and simultaneously studying at Chelsea College of Art and Design, according to the Sunday Times (28 Sept. 2008). Merlin studied at Marlborough College for his “A” Levels.
Ferry and Helmore split in the early 2000s and were divorced in 2003. After their separation, British newspapers photographed Ferry with Katie Turner, 35 years his junior, naming her as his new ‘girlfriend’.[25] Ferry and Turner met while she worked as one of the dancers on Roxy Music’s concert tour in 2001 (and is featured on the DVD of the 2001 Hammersmith Odeon Show). She went on to appear with Ferry on several TV shows to promote the Frantic album, and also performed on the Frantic tour in 2002. After their break-up, Ferry had a relationship with Lady Emily Compton, a socialite.[26] In 2006, he resumed his relationship with Katie Turner for some time. Ferry is now in a relationship with Amanda Sheppard, who previously worked in public relations, until she quit her job in 2009 after Ferry offered to financially support her.[27]

Political views

In 2008, Ferry alluded to support for the Conservative Party, referring to himself as “conservative by nature,” but essentially apolitical. Without elaborating, he stated he was “proud” of his son Otis and declared the ban on fox hunting “futile.” He also alluded to an opposition to “left-wing bitterness” and the spectre of “political correctness,” but the model of free speech he cited was the anarchic 1970s and not the Thatcher era or a more distant past.[28] In a 2009 interview, Ferry stated: “I would support a Cameron government. I have met him, and he’s a bright guy. I hope they do well. I don’t like the way the present Government has done things, most of all putting my son in prison for four and a half months, totally unlawfully … and that’s not just my opinion: judges, all sorts, have said it was a stitch-up. It was politically motivated. The poor lad just wants to live the traditional country life.”[29]
Ferry is a supporter of the Countryside Alliance and has played concerts to raise funds for the organisation.[30]

In other media

In 1985, Ferry contributed the song “Is Your Love Strong Enough” to the Ridley ScottTom Cruise film Legend. The song (featuring guitar work by David Gilmour) plays during the end credits of the U.S. theatrical release, and was released with the Tangerine Dream version of the soundtrack on CD (although this is out of print and rare). A promotional music video was created, integrating Ferry and Gilmour into scenes from the film; this is included as a bonus in the 2002 “Ultimate Edition” DVD release.
In 2005, Ferry appeared in Neil Jordan‘s movie, Breakfast on Pluto, starring Cillian Murphy as a young Irish transvestite who goes to London in the glam 1970s to find his mother. Ferry, appearing in a bit part as Mr. Silky String, played a suave but creepy john who picks up the sexually ambiguous young man and, after a short conversation, attempts to strangle him in the front seat of his car.
Ferry is referenced in the comedy show The Mighty Boosh in the episode “Hitcher”, as Vince Noir’s adopted father and King of the Forest. At the end of the episode, it is revealed that ‘Brian Ferry’ actually resembles Terry Wogan.
The song “Which Way to Turn” from the album Mamouna, is the feature song in the 2007 Woody Harrelson movie The Walker. Ferry’s song “Slave to Love“, from the album Boys and Girls, was featured in Bitter Moon, a 1992 film directed by Roman Polanski; the entire song is also played in a scene in the 1986 movie Nine 1/2 Weeks by Adrian Lyne.


 Studio albums

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Who is Christian Charles Philip Bale?

Who is Christian Charles Philip Bale?  The entertainment and acting world knows him as Christian Bale, he is an English actor.[1] Best known for his roles in American films, Bale has starred in blockbuster films and smaller projects from independent producers and art houses.
Bale first caught the public eye at the age of 13, when he was cast in the starring role of Steven Spielberg‘s Empire of the Sun (1987). He played an English boy who is separated from his parents and subsequently finds himself lost in a Japanese internment camp during World War II.[2] He is also notable for his role as serial killer Patrick Bateman in American Psycho (2000), as well as his portrayal of Bruce Wayne / Batman in Christopher Nolan‘s Batman trilogy: Batman Begins (2005), The Dark Knight (2008), and The Dark Knight Rises (2012).
Bale portrayed Dicky Eklund in the biopic The Fighter, for which he received critical acclaim and won several awards, including the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor and the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role.

Early life

Bale was born 30 January 1974  in Wales to parents of English descent. His mother, Jenny (née James), was a circus performer, and his South African–born father, David Charles Howard Bale, was an entrepreneur, commercial pilot, and talent manager.[3][4][5][6] He spent his childhood in England, Portugal, and the United States.[7]
Bale’s first foray into acting was a commercial for the fabric softener Lenor in 1982.[8] A year later, he appeared in a Pac-Man cereal commercial playing a child rock star. In 1984, he made his stage debut in The Nerd, opposite Rowan Atkinson.[9]



Black and white photograph of Christian BaleBale made his film debut as Tsarevich Alexei Nikolaevich of Russia in the made-for-television film Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna in 1986, which was followed by leading roles in the miniseries Heart of the Country and the fantasy adventure Mio in the Land of Faraway, in which he appeared with Christopher Lee and Nick Pickard.
Bale’s performance as Jim Graham in Empire of the Sun earned him widespread critical praise and the first ever “Best Performance by a Juvenile Actor” award from the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures.[10]
The attention the press and his schoolmates lavished upon him after
this took a toll on Bale, and he contemplated giving up acting until Kenneth Branagh approached him and persuaded him to appear in Henry V in 1989.[10] In 1990, he played the role of Jim Hawkins opposite Charlton Heston (as Long John Silver) in Treasure Island, an adaptation of Robert Louis Stevenson‘s classic book.
In 1992, Bale starred as Jack Kelly in the Disney musical Newsies, and followed it up in 1993 with another release, Swing Kids, a film about teenagers who secretly listened to forbidden jazz during the rise of Nazi Germany.[11] Bale was recommended by actress Winona Ryder to star in Gillian Armstrong‘s 1994 film Little Women.[10] Bale provided the voice for Thomas, a young compatriot of Captain John Smith, in Disney’s Pocahontas (1995) and in 1997 played Arthur Stuart in Velvet Goldmine, Todd Haynes‘ tribute to glam rock.[11] In 1999, Bale contributed to an all-star cast, including Kevin Kline, Michelle Pfeiffer, Stanley Tucci and Rupert Everett, portraying Demetrius in an updated version of William Shakespeare‘s A Midsummer Night’s Dream.[11]


In 1999, Bale played serial killer Patrick Bateman in American Psycho, director Mary Harron‘s adaptation of Bret Easton Elliscontroversial novel. Bale was briefly dropped from the project in favour of Leonardo DiCaprio, but DiCaprio eventually dropped out to star in The Beach,
and Bale was cast once again. He researched his character by studying
the novel and prepared himself physically for the role by spending
months tanning and exercising in order to achieve the “Olympian physique” of the character as described in the original novel.[12] He went so far as to distance himself from the cast and crew to maintain the darker side of Bateman’s character. American Psycho premiered at the 2000 Sundance Film Festival to much controversy. Roger Ebert condemned the film at first, calling it pornography,[13] and “the most loathed film at Sundance,”[14]
but gave it a favourable review, writing that Harron “transformed a
novel about bloodlust into a film about men’s vanity.” Of Bale’s
performance, he wrote, “Christian Bale is heroic in the way he allows
the character to leap joyfully into despicability; there is no instinct
for self-preservation here, and that is one mark of a good actor.”[15]
On 14 April 2000, Lions Gate Films released American Psycho in cinemas. Bale was later approached to make a cameo appearance in another Bret Easton Ellis adaptation, The Rules of Attraction, a film loosely connected to American Psycho, but he declined out of loyalty to Harron’s vision of Bateman, which he felt could not be properly expressed by anyone else.[16] In 2000, he again played a wealthy murderer, this time in John Singleton‘s Shaft.
Bale has played an assortment of diverse characters since 2001. His first role after American Psycho was in the John Madden adaptation of the best-selling novel Captain Corelli’s Mandolin. Bale played Mandras, a Greek fisherman who vied with Nicolas Cage‘s title character for the affections of Pelagia (Penelope Cruz). Captain Corelli’s Mandolin was Bale’s second time working with John Hurt, after All the Little Animals.


From 2002 to 2003, Bale starred in three feature films. Laurel Canyon (2002) was generally well received by critics.[17] This film also marked the second time he worked with actress Kate Beckinsale, his costar in Prince of Jutland (1994). Critics generally focused on star Frances McDormand‘s performance over the rest of the cast, however.[18]
Reign of Fire was Bale’s first action vehicle and had, compared to all his previous work, an immense budget estimated at US$95,000,000.[19] Bale entered into negotiations about starring in the film with reservations, but director Rob Bowman convinced him to take the lead role.[20] Bale starred as Quinn Abercromby opposite Matthew McConaughey‘s Denton Van Zan. Bale and McConaughey trained for their respective roles by boxing and working out.[20]
Equilibrium was Bale’s third film of 2002, costing US$20 million to produce but earning just over US$5 million worldwide.[21] In Equilibrium, Bale played John Preston, an elite law enforcer in a dystopian society. Equilibrium featured a fictional martial art called Gun Kata that combined gunfighting with hand-to-hand combat.
According to moviebodycounts.com, the character of John Preston has the
third most on-screen kills in a single movie ever with 118, exactly
half of the movie’s total of 236.[22]
After a year’s hiatus, Bale returned in 2004 to play Trevor Reznik, the title character in the psychological thriller The Machinist.
Bale gained attention for his devotion to the role and for the lengths
to which he went to achieve Reznik’s emaciated, skeletal appearance. He
went without proper rest for prolonged periods, and placed himself on a crash diet of generally coffee and apples,[23] which reduced his weight by 63 pounds (4 st 4 lb/27 kg) in a matter of months.[24] By the end of filming Bale weighed only 121 pounds (8 st 9 lb/55 kg),[23] a transformation he described as “very calming mentally”[25] and which drew comparisons to Robert De Niro‘s alternate weight-gaining regimen for his role as Jake LaMotta in the 1980 film Raging Bull.[26]
Bale claimed that he had not worked for a period of time before he was
cast in the film. “…I just hadn’t found scripts that I’d really been
interested in. So I was really dying for something to arrive. Then when
this one did, I just didn’t want to put it down. I finished it and, upon
the kind of revelation that you get at the end, I immediately wanted to
go back and re-visit it, to take a look at what clues I could have
gotten throughout”.[27] The Machinist
was a low-budget production, costing roughly US$5 million to produce,
and was given only a limited US release. It was well received, with the
review tallying website Rotten Tomatoes reporting that 75% of the critics’ reviews tallied were positive.[28]
Bale, an admirer of Hayao Miyazaki‘s Spirited Away,[16] was then cast as the voice of the title character, Howl, in the English language dub of the Japanese director’s fantasy anime adventure Howl’s Moving Castle, an adaptation of Diana Wynne Jones‘s children’s novel. Its gross in the US was US$4,711,096, a fraction of its worldwide gross (US$235,184,110).[29]

Batman: 2005–present

It was reported that Bale had previously auditioned for the role of Robin in Batman Forever (1995) and later Batman and Robin (1997), but lost out to Chris O’Donnell. However, this rumour was later dispelled by Bale himself in a magazine interview in 2008.[30] In 2004, after completing filming for The Machinist, Bale won the coveted role of Batman and his alter ego Bruce Wayne in Christopher Nolan‘s Batman Begins, a reboot of the Batman film series. Bale beat out Jake Gyllenhaal, the closest competition for the role.[31]
Still fresh off The Machinist, it became necessary for Bale to
bulk up to match Batman’s muscular physique. He was given a deadline of
six months to do this. Bale recalled it as far from a simple
accomplishment: “…when it actually came to building muscle, I was
useless. I couldn’t do one push up the first day. All of the muscles
were gone, so I had a real tough time rebuilding all of that.”[24] With the help of a personal trainer,
Bale succeeded in meeting the deadline, gaining a total of 100 lb
(45 kg) in six months. He went from about 130 lbs to 230 lbs.[32]
He then discovered that he had actually gained more weight than the
director desired, and dropped his weight to 190 lbs by the time filming
Bale had initial concerns about playing Batman, as he felt more ridiculous than intimidating in the Batsuit. He dealt with this by depicting Batman as a savage beast.[24]
To attain a deeper understanding of the character, Bale read various
Batman comic books. He explained his interpretation of the young boy:
“Batman is his hidden, demonic
rage-filled side. The creature Batman creates is an absolutely sincere
creature and one that he has to control but does so in a very haphazard
way. He’s capable of enacting violence — and to kill — so he’s
constantly having to rein himself in.” For Bale, the most gruelling part
about playing Batman was the suit. “You stick it on, you get hot, you
sweat and you get a headache in the mask,” he said. “But I’m not going
to bitch about it because I get to play Batman.”[34] When promoting the film in interviews and public events, Bale retained an American accent to avoid confusion.[35]
Batman Begins was released in the U.S. on 15 June 2005 and was a U.S. and international triumph for Warner Bros., costing approximately US$135 million to produce and taking in over US$370 million in returns worldwide.[36] Bale’s performance was well received by critics and fans alike, earning him the Saturn Award for Best Actor and the Best Hero award at the 2006 MTV Movie Awards.[37]
Bale reprised his role as Batman in the Batman Begins sequel The Dark Knight. He trained in the Keysi Fighting Method, and performed many of his own stunts.[38] The Dark Knight
was released in the U.S. on 18 July 2008 and stormed through the box
office, with a record-breaking $158.4 million in the U.S. in its first
It broke the $300 million barrier in 10 days, the $400 million mark in
18 days and the $500 million mark in 43 days, three new U.S. box office
records set by the film.[40]
The film went on to gross over $1 billion at the box office worldwide,
making it the fourth-highest grossing movie worldwide of all time,
before adjusting for inflation.[41]
Bale reprised his role in The Dark Knight Rises which was released on 20 July 2012,[42]
making Bale the actor who has played Batman the most times in feature
film. Bale has given the same opinion as Nolan that, if the latter was
forced to bring Robin into the films, he would never again play Batman;
even though one of his favourite Batman stories, Batman: Dark Victory, focuses on Robin’s origin.[43]
Following the shooting at a midnight showing of The Dark Knight Rises, Bale visited survivors in an Aurora, Colorado hospital.[44]


After Batman Begins, Bale returned to appearing in independent films. He was cast as one of the two leads in the South Central David Ayer-helmed crime drama Harsh Times, co-starring Freddy Rodriguez and Eva Longoria. Bale played Jim Luther Davis, a grim Afghanistan War veteran afflicted with post-traumatic stress disorder, approached by the Department of Homeland Security and hired as a federal agent. Harsh Times premiered at the 2005 Toronto International Film Festival and had a wide release on 10 November 2006.[45]
Terrence Malick directed The New World, a period piece inspired by the stories of Pocahontas, and Bale was cast as John Rolfe. He shared the screen with Colin Farrell and Q’Orianka Kilcher,
who played John Smith and Pocahontas. The majority of screen time was
devoted to Farrell and Kilcher; Bale was a secondary character, and only
appeared during the last third of the film. The film was a failure at
the U.S. box office and its worldwide total (US$29,506,437) fell short
of turning a profit (the production budget was placed at US$30 million).[46]
In 2006, Bale took on four projects. Rescue Dawn, by German filmmaker Werner Herzog, had him playing U.S. Fighter pilot Dieter Dengler, who has to fight for his life after being shot down while on a mission during the Vietnam War.
Bale left a strong impression on Herzog, with the director
complimenting his acting abilities: “I find him one of the greatest
talents of his generation. We made up our own minds long before he did Batman.”[47]
In The Prestige, an adaptation of the Christopher Priest novel about a rivalry between two Victorian stage magicians, Bale was reunited with Batman Begins Michael Caine and director Christopher Nolan. The cast of The Prestige also included Hugh Jackman, Scarlett Johansson, Piper Perabo, and David Bowie. I’m Not There, a film in which Bale again worked alongside Todd Haynes and Heath Ledger (who would go on to play The Joker in The Dark Knight), is an artistic reflection of the life of Bob Dylan. He starred opposite Russell Crowe in a commercially and critically successful Western film, 3:10 to Yuma.
Bale was originally cast to play George W. Bush in Oliver Stone‘s film W., but dropped out due to the prosthetics involved.[49] Bale played John Connor in Terminator Salvation[50] and FBI agent Melvin Purvis in Michael Mann‘s Public Enemies.[51]

Terminator Salvation incident

In July 2008, Bale flew into an angry tirade on the sets of Terminator Salvation, while filming in New Mexico.[52] In February 2009, the audio recording of the incident was released.[53][54] The tirade was directed at Shane Hurlbut,
director of photography for the film. According to Bale, Hurlbut had,
for the second time, ruined his concentration by walking onto the set
during a scene.[52][55][56]
The recording is of a highly agitated Bale directing profanities at
Hurlbut, threatening and belittling him, and finally threatening to quit
the film if Hurlbut repeated his offence without being fired for it.[55] It was reported that Warner film executives sent the tape to the insurer of the film in case Bale decided to quit the movie.[57] In an interview with E! Online, assistant director and producer of Terminator Salvation,
Bruce Franklin, said it was an isolated incident. “If you are working
in a very intense scene and someone takes you out of your groove … It
was the most emotional scene in the movie … [A]nd for him to get
stopped in the middle of it. He is very intensely involved in his
character. He didn’t walk around like that all day long. It was just a
moment and it passed,” Franklin said.[58]
Actors Whoopi Goldberg and Terry Crews,[59][60] directors Darren Aronofsky[61] and Ron Howard,[62] as well as Ain’t It Cool News website creator Harry Knowles[63]
have also publicly defended Bale’s actions, some of them citing the
practice that crew members are to remain still while the camera is
rolling. The incident also inspired experimental band The Mae Shi to write the song, “R U Professional“, which features samples from the recording;[64] similarly, Lucian Piane‘s remix “Bale Out” is composed almost entirely of audio from the incident. Stephen Colbert parodied the incident on 4 February 2009 episode of The Colbert Report, in which guest Steve Martin repeatedly walked in front of the camera and was berated by Colbert.[65] The incident was re-enacted on Late Night with Conan O’Brien, with Inside the Actor’s Studio host James Lipton giving performances of both Bale and the crewmember.[66] An episode of the animated comedy series Family Guy also mixed in the voice of Peter Griffin interacting with Bale and reacting to Bale’s comments as if they were directed at him to comedic effect.
After remaining silent for most of the week, Bale gave a public apology on 6 February 2009, to a Los Angeles radio station, KROQ. He stated that the outburst was “inexcusable” and that it was motivated by the day’s shooting intensity.[67] Bale said he “acted like a punk”, and that he and Hurlbut talked after the incident and “resolved this completely”.[68] Bale acknowledged that the two worked together for several hours after the incident, and “at least a month after that… I’ve seen a rough cut of the movie and he has done a wonderful job. It looks fantastic”.[68]


Bale starred alongside Mark Wahlberg in the David O. Russell-directed 2010 drama The Fighter, for which he won the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor and the Academy Award for Best Supporting

Actor and thirty other awards in 2011.[69] Near the end of his acceptance speech during the televised Golden Globes awards ceremony, Bale complimented Robert De Niro by saying he was “the shit”. The comment was censored by NBC.[70]
Writer/director Joe Carnahan confirmed in November 2007 that Bale is also involved in the upcoming movie Killing Pablo in which he is to play Major Steve Jacoby.[71] According to a Nuts magazine interview, Bale stated that he will be in the running to play the role of Solid Snake in a film adaptation of Metal Gear Solid.[72] Niels Arden Oplev, director of The Girl With The Dragon Tattoo, is to have Bale as lead in his current project The Last Photograph, which Oplev hopes to start filming early 2011.[73] In December 2010, it was announced that Christian Bale would be starring in the historical drama war film The Flowers of War, directed by Zhang Yimou.[74]
While filming The Flowers of War in December 2011, Bale and a CNN crew attempted to visit Chen Guangcheng, a blind “barefoot lawyer” under unofficial house arrest for his activism against China’s One Child Policy. While on camera, Bale was punched, shoved, and denied access by dozens of Chinese security guards who failed to recognize him.[75] Bale later stated that he had wanted “to meet the man, shake his hand and say what an inspiration he is”.[76][77]
Video footage also showed Bale and the CNN crew having stones thrown at
them, and a minivan then chased their car for more than 40 minutes.[75]
Bale is set to appear in two Terrence Malick directed films to be shot in 2012, Lawless and Knight of Cups.[78][79] In early 2012, it was confirmed that Bale was portraying the character Russell Baze in Scott Cooper’s upcoming thriller Out of the Furnace.[79][80][81] He has also been cast in American Bullshit, which reunites him with director David O. Russell, since their work on The Fighter.[82][83][84]

Personal life

On 29 January 2000, Bale married Sandra “Sibi” Blažić (born 1970), a former model, make-up artist and personal assistant to Winona Ryder; the couple have a daughter, Emmeline,[85] who was born on 27 March 2005 in Santa Monica, California.[86][87] Since 1992, Bale has resided in Los Angeles.[88]
Like his late father, Christian Bale actively supports environmental groups such as Greenpeace and the World Wildlife Fund.[8] Feminist activist Gloria Steinem became Christian Bale’s stepmother on 3 September 2000;[89] it was her first marriage (at the age of 66), and the couple were together until David’s death.[5]

Film and television credits

List of film and television credits
Year Title Role Notes
1985 The Dreamthief Rufus Pilot film
Voice only
1986 Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna Alexei TV movie
1987 Heart of the Country Ben Harris TV miniseries
1987 Mio min Mio Benke
1987 Empire of the Sun Jamie “Jim” Graham
1989 Henry V Falstaff’s Boy
1990 Treasure Island Jim Hawkins TV movie
1991 A Murder of Quality Tim Perkins TV movie
1992 Newsies Jack “Cowboy” Kelly
Francis Sullivan
1993 Swing Kids Thomas Berger
1994 Prince of Jutland Amled
1994 Little Women Theodore “Laurie” Lawrence
1995 Pocahontas Thomas Voice only
1996 The Portrait of a Lady Edward Rosier
1996 The Secret Agent Stevie
1997 Metroland Chris Lloyd
1998 Velvet Goldmine Arthur Stuart
1998 All the Little Animals Bobby Platt
1999 A Midsummer Night’s Dream Demetrius
1999 Mary, Mother of Jesus Jesus of Nazareth TV movie
2000 American Psycho Patrick Bateman
2000 Shaft Walter Wade, Jr.
2001 Captain Corelli’s Mandolin Mandras
2002 Laurel Canyon Sam Bentley
2002 Reign of Fire Quinn Abercromby
2002 Equilibrium Cleric John Preston
2004 The Machinist Trevor Reznik
2004 Howl’s Moving Castle Howl Voice for English language dub only
2005 Batman Begins Bruce Wayne/Batman Also voiced the character in the film’s video game adaptation
2005 Harsh Times Jim Luther Davis Also executive producer
2005 The New World John Rolfe
2006 Rescue Dawn Dieter Dengler
2006 The Prestige Alfred Borden
2007 3:10 to Yuma Dan Evans
2007 I’m Not There Jack Rollins/Pastor John
2008 The Dark Knight Bruce Wayne/Batman
2009 Terminator Salvation John Connor
2009 Public Enemies Melvin Purvis
2010 The Fighter Dicky Eklund
2011 The Flowers of War John Miller
2012 The Dark Knight Rises Bruce Wayne/Batman
2013 Lawless n/a Filming
2013 Knight of Cups Rick Filming
2013 Out of the Furnace Russell Baze Filming

Awards and nominations

Year Award Category Film Result
1987 National Board of Review Best Juvenile Performance Empire of the Sun Won
1988 Young Artist Award Best Young Actor in a Motion Picture – Drama Empire of the Sun Won
2001 Chlotrudis Awards Best Actor American Psycho Won
2001 Empire Award Best Actor American Psycho Nominated
2001 London Film Critics’ Circle Awards British Actor of the Year American Psycho Nominated
2001 OFCS Award Best Actor American Psycho Nominated
2004 Catalonian International Film Festival Best Actor The Machinist Won
2005 Irish Film and Television Award Best International Actor Batman Begins Nominated
2005 European Film Awards Best Actor The Machinist Nominated
2005 Saturn Award Best Actor The Machinist Nominated
2006 London Film Critics’ Circle Awards British Actor of the Year The Machinist Nominated
2006 MTV Movie Awards Best Hero Batman Begins Won
2006 Empire Awards Best Actor Batman Begins Nominated
2006 Saturn Awards Best Actor Batman Begins Won
2006 Scream Awards Best Superhero Batman Begins Nominated
2006 Scream Awards Most Heroic Performance Batman Begins Nominated
2007 Empire Award Best Actor The Prestige Nominated
2007 San Diego Film Critics Society Awards Special Award 3:10 to Yuma, I’m Not There, Rescue Dawn Won
2007 Satellite Award Best Actor in a Motion Picture, Drama Rescue Dawn Nominated
2008 London Film Critics’ Circle Awards British Actor of the Year 3:10 to Yuma Nominated
2008 Independent Spirit Award Robert Altman Award (with Todd Haynes, Laura Rosenthal, Cate Blanchett,
Richard Gere, Heath Ledger, Ben Whishaw, Marcus Carl Franklin, Bruce Greenwood, Charlotte Gainsbourg)
I’m Not There Won
2008 Scream Awards Best Fantasy Actor The Dark Knight Nominated
2008 Scream Awards Best Superhero The Dark Knight Won
2009 Empire Awards Best Actor The Dark Knight Won
2009 People’s Choice Awards Favorite Male Action Star The Dark Knight Nominated
2009 People’s Choice Awards Favorite Leading Man The Dark Knight Nominated
2009 People’s Choice Awards Favorite Superhero The Dark Knight Won
2009 People’s Choice Awards Favorite On Screen Match Up (with Heath Ledger) The Dark Knight Won
2009 People’s Choice Awards Favorite Cast (with Heath Ledger, Gary Oldman, Michael Caine,
Morgan Freeman, Aaron Eckhart, Maggie Gyllenhaal)
The Dark Knight Won
2009 West Point Cadet Choice Awards Best Exemplification of Leadership The Dark Knight Won
2009 Saturn Award Best Actor The Dark Knight Nominated
2010 BAFTA Award Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Nominated
2010 Alliance of Women Film Journalists Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Austin Film Critics Association Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Black Film Critics Circle Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Boston Society of Film Critics Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Boston Society of Film Critics Best Ensemble (with Amy Adams, Melissa Leo, Jack McGee, Mark Wahlberg) The Fighter Won
2010 Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards Best Ensemble (with Amy Adams, Melissa Leo, Jack McGee, Mark Wahlberg) The Fighter Won
2010 Central Ohio Film Critics Circle Association Awards Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Nominated
2010 Central Ohio Film Critics Circle Association Awards Best Ensemble (with Amy Adams, Melissa Leo, Jack McGee, Mark Wahlberg) The Fighter Won
2010 Chicago Film Critics Association Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Denver Film Critics Society Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Detroit Film Critics Society Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Florida Film Critics Circle Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Golden Globes Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture The Fighter Won
2010 Houston Film Critics Society Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Indiana Film Journalists Association Awards Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Kansas City Film Critics Circle Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Las Vegas Film Critics Society Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 London Film Critics’ Circle British Actor of the Year The Fighter Won
2010 National Board of Review Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 New York Film Critics Online Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 North Texas Film Critics Association Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Oklahoma Film Critics Circle Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Online Film Critics Society Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Phoenix Film Critics Society Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 San Diego Film Critics Society Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Nominated
2010 San Diego Film Critics Society Best Ensemble (with Amy Adams, Melissa Leo, Jack McGee, Mark Wahlberg) The Fighter Nominated
2010 Satellite Awards Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture The Fighter Won
2011 Screen Actors Guild Awards Best Cast The Fighter Nominated
2011 Screen Actors Guild Awards Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Utah Film Critics Association Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Vancouver Film Critics Circle Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won
2010 Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Best Ensemble
(with Amy Adams, Melissa Leo, Jack McGee, Mark Wahlberg)
The Fighter Nominated
2011 Academy Awards Best Supporting Actor The Fighter Won


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Who is Euphemia Tika Sumpter?

Who is Euphemia Tika Sumpter? The entertainment and acting world knows her as Tika Sumpter, she is an American actress, singer, and model known for her roles as Layla Williamson on One Life to Live and recurring role as Raina Thorpe on Gossip Girl and as Jenna Rice in the The CW/BET sitcom, The Game. Sumpter  appeared in Sparkle which was directed by Salim Akil and
written by his wife, Mara Brock Akil. The leading ladies, who will play
sisters in the film, include Carmen Ejogo, Tika Sumpter and Jordin

Personal Life

Tika was born June 20, 1980 in Hollis, Queens, New York, Sumpter studied at Marymount Manhattan College where she majored in communications.


She began her career modeling and appeared in commercials for Hewlett-Packard and Liz Claiborne‘s Curve fragrances. In 2004, she served as the co-host for the N network series Best Friend’s Date. The following year she landed the role of Layla Williamson on One Life to Live.
From January to May 2011, Sumpter appeared on Gossip Girl as Raina Thorpe, the daughter of Russell Thorpe and Chuck Bass/Nate’ former love interest.[3]
She played singer Jason Derülo‘s girlfriend in the video for his song “It Girl“.[4]

On September 12, 2011, it was announced that Sumpter would be playing one of the sister’s name Deloris in the music-themed film Sparkle alongside Jordin Sparks, Whitney Houston, Derek Luke & Carmen Ejogo. Sparkle is a remake of the 1976 film of the same name inspired by the story of The Supremes.
The remake was set in 1968 Detroit, during the rise of Motown. The
story will focus on the youngest sister, a music prodigy named Sparkle
Williams (Jordin Sparks), and her struggle to become a star while
overcoming issues that are tearing her family apart.[5][6] R&B singer Aaliyah –
originally tapped to star as Sparkle however following her death in a
2001 plane crash, production on the film had been derailed, production
would have begun in 2002.[7][8][9] Sparkle was filmed in the fall of 2011 over a two month period.[10] The movie, starring both Sumpter will be released on August 17 in the United States. On May 21, 2012, “Celebrate“, the last song Whitney Houston recorded with Sparks, premiered at RyanSeacrest.com. The song is the first official single featured on the Sparkle: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack album which Sumpter is apart of.[11] The accompanying music video for Celebrate was filmed on May 30, 2012 and the video featured herself and the rest of her Sparkle cast mates .[12]


Year Film Role Notes
2009 Brooklyn’s Finest Neighborhood Girl
2010 Stomp the Yard 2: Homecoming Niki
Salt Front Deskwoman
2011 What’s Your Number? Jamie
Whisper Me a Lullaby Emma Post-production
2012 Think Like a Man Dominic’s Girlfriend
Sparkle Delores Williams
Year Title Role Notes
2005–2011 One Life to Live Layla Williamson 234 episodes
Role held: July 15, 2005 – January 24, 2011
Nominated – Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Daytime Drama (2008)
2006 Law & Order: Special Victims Unit Vegas Episode 7.17 “Class
2011 The Game Jenna Rice 9 episodes
Gossip Girl Raina Thorpe Recurring cast (Season 4; 11 episodes)
2012 Being Mary Jane TV series

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Who is Christopher Julius Rock III?

Who is Christopher Julius Rock III? [6] The entertainment and acting world know him as Chris Rock, he is an American comedian, actor, screenwriter, television producer, film producer, and director.

After working as a standup comic and appearing in small film roles, Rock came to wider prominence as a cast member of Saturday Night Live in the early 1990s. He went on to more prominent film roles, and a series of acclaimed comedy specials for HBO.

He was voted in the US as the 5th greatest stand-up comedian of all time by Comedy Central.[9] He was also voted in the UK as the 9th greatest stand-up comic on Channel 4’s 100 Greatest Stand-Ups in 2007, and again in the updated 2010 list as the 8th greatest stand-up comic.

Early life

Rock was born February 7, 1965 in Andrews, South Carolina. Shortly after his birth, his parents moved to Crown Heights, Brooklyn, New York. A few years later, they relocated and settled in the working-class area of Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn.[6]
His mother, Rosalie (née Tingman), was a teacher and social worker for
the mentally handicapped; his father, Julius Rock, was a former truck
driver and newspaper deliveryman.[10] Julius died in 1988 after ulcer surgery.[11] His younger brothers Tony, Kenny[12] and Jordan[13] are also in the entertainment business. His older half-brother, Charles, died in 2006 after a long struggle with alcoholism.[14][15] Rock has said that he was influenced by the performing style of his paternal grandfather, Allen Rock, a preacher.[6][16]

Rock was bused to schools in predominately white neighborhoods of Brooklyn, where he endured bullying and beatings from white students.[17][18][19] As he got older, the bullying became worse and Rock’s parents pulled him out of James Madison High School.[19] He decided to drop out of high school altogether and later received a GED. Rock worked menial jobs at various fast-food restaurants.[17][18]


Early career

Rock began doing stand-up comedy in 1984 in New York City’s Catch a Rising Star.[6][17] He slowly rose up the ranks of the comedy circuit in addition to earning bit roles in the film I’m Gonna Git You Sucka and the TV series Miami Vice. Upon seeing his act at a nightclub, Eddie Murphy befriended and mentored the aspiring comic. Murphy gave Rock his first film role in Beverly Hills Cop II.

George Carlin was probably the biggest influence for him.[3] Other major influences have been Sam Kinison, with whom he managed to hang out with,[3] Richard Pryor and Eddie Murphy.[1][3] Other influences have been Mort Sahl,[2] Rodney Dangerfield,[3] Bill Cosby, Woody Allen, Bill Hicks, Redd Foxx, Dick Gregory, Flip Wilson, Steve Martin and Pigmeat Markham. Among the contemporaries, in 2008 he said he enjoys Chris Tucker and Adam Sandler.[3]

Saturday Night Live

Rock became a cast member of the popular sketch comedy series Saturday Night Live in 1990. He and other new cast members Chris Farley, Adam Sandler, Rob Schneider and David Spade became known as the Bad Boys of SNL. In 1991, he released his first comedy album Born Suspect and won acclaim for his dramatic role as a crack addict in the film New Jack City. His tenure on SNL gave Rock national exposure.

Standup success

A frustrated Rock left Saturday Night Live in 1993, appearing instead as a “special guest” star on the predominantly African American sketch show In Living Color. The show, however, was canceled months later. Rock then decided to concentrate on a film career. He wrote and starred in the mockumentary CB4 but the film was not a success. Acting jobs became scarce, and Rock abandoned Hollywood to concentrate on stand-up comedy.[16]

Rock starred in his first HBO comedy special in 1994 titled Big Ass Jokes. But it was his second stand-up special, 1996’s Bring the Pain, that reinvented Rock as one of the best comedians in the industry.[20][21] For it Rock won two Emmy Awards and gained large critical acclaim.[22] The segment on race in America, in which Rock used the “N word” extensively was most talked about.[22] Adding to his popularity was his much-publicized role as a commentator for Comedy Central‘s Politically Incorrect during the 1996 Presidential elections[20] which earned him another Emmy nomination.[23] Rock also was the voice for the “Lil Penny” puppet who was the alter ego to basketball star Penny Hardaway in a series of Nike shoe commercials from 1994–1998,[20] and hosted the ’97 MTV Video Music Awards.

Rock later had two more HBO comedy specials: Bigger & Blacker in 1999, and Never Scared in 2004. Articles relating to both specials called Rock “the funniest man in America” in Time[24] and Entertainment Weekly.[2] HBO also aired his talk show, The Chris Rock Show,
which gained critical acclaim for Rock’s interviews with celebrities
and politicians. The show won an Emmy for writing. His television work
has won him a total of three Emmy Awards and 15 nominations.[23] By the end of the decade, Rock was established as one of the preeminent stand-up comedians and comic minds of his generation.

During this time, Rock also translated his comedy into print form in the book Rock This! and released the Grammy Award-winning comedy albums, Roll with the New, Bigger & Blacker and Never Scared.

Rock’s fifth HBO special, Kill the Messenger, premiered on September 27, 2008, and won him another Emmy for outstanding writing for a variety or music program.[25]

Film and television

was not until the success of his stand-up act in the late 1990s that
Rock began receiving major parts in films. These include roles in Dogma, Beverly Hills Ninja, Lethal Weapon 4, Nurse Betty, The Longest Yard, Bad Company, and a starring role in Down to Earth. Rock has also increasingly worked behind the camera, both as a writer and director of Head of State and I Think I Love My Wife. In the fall of 2005, the UPN television network premiered a comedy series called Everybody Hates Chris,
based on Rock’s school days, of which he is the executive producer and
narrator. The show has garnered both critical and ratings success.[26] The series was nominated for a 2006 Golden Globe for Best TV Series (Musical or Comedy), a 2006 People’s Choice Award for Favorite New Television Comedy, and two 2006 Emmy Awards for costuming and cinematography.[27]
Following the release of his first documentary, 2009’s Good Hair, Rock is working on a documentary about debt called Credit Is the Devil.[28]

Academy Awards

In early 2005, Rock hosted the 77th Academy Awards
ceremony. The decision to have Rock host the awards was seen by some as
a chance to bring an “edge” to the ceremony, and to make it more
relevant or appealing to younger audiences. Jokingly, Rock opened by
saying “Welcome to the 77th and LAST Academy Awards!” During one segment Rock asked, “Who is this guy?” in reference to actor Jude Law seemingly appearing in every movie Rock had seen that year and implied Law was a low-rent Tom Cruise (he made a joke about filmmakers rushing production when unable to get the actors they want: “If you want Tom Cruise and all you can get is Jude Law, wait [to make the film]!”). Subsequently, a defensive Sean Penn
took the stage to present and said, “In answer to our host’s question,
Jude Law is one of our finest young actors.” (At the time, Penn and Law
were shooting All the King’s Men.)
Law was not the only actor that Rock poked fun at that evening,
however—he turned the joke on himself at one point, saying, “If you want
[Washington] and all you can get is me, wait!” Older Oscar officials
were reportedly displeased with Rock’s performance, which did not
elevate ratings for the ceremony.[29]
Rock was also criticized for referring to the Oscars as “idiotic”, and
asserting that heterosexual men do not watch them, in an interview prior
to Oscar night.[30][31]

Music videos

Rock’s first music video was for his song “Your Mother’s Got a Big Head” from his album Born Suspect. Rock also made videos for his songs “Champagne” from Roll With the New and “No Sex (In the Champagne Room)” from Bigger & Blacker. Chris Rock also directed and appeared in the music video for the Red Hot Chili Peppers song “Hump de Bump“.

Rock appeared in the Big Daddy Kane music video “Smooth Operator” as a guy getting his hair cut.

He also appeared in Johnny Cash‘s “God’s Gonna Cut You Down“, one of the many celebrities seen lip-synching the song.

Stage plays

In 2011, Rock appeared on Broadway in Stephen Adly Guirgis‘ play The Motherfucker with the Hat[32] with Bobby Cannavale and Annabella Sciorra.[32] Rock was nominated for a Drama League Award.

Comedic style and views

Rock’s subject matter typically involves family, politics, romance, music, class relationships, and race relations
in the United States. Though not strictly autobiographical, much of his
comic standpoint seem rooted in his teenage experience; his strict
parents, concerned about the inadequacies of the local school system,
arranged to have the adolescent Rock bused to a nearly all-white high school in Bensonhurst (an Italian-ethnic neighborhood of Brooklyn known at the time for poor race relations). In his memoir Rock This,
the comedian recalls, “My parents assumed I’d get a better education in
a better neighborhood. What I actually got was a worse education in a
worse neighborhood. And a whole bunch of ass-whippings.”[33]

The comedian has also expressed discomfort with the notion that
success in standup comedy—or, indeed, in any aspect of the entertainment
industry—should oblige him to serve as a role model. In this position, he finds himself directly at odds with one of his comic idols, Bill Cosby. Cosby has reprimanded Rock both explicitly—for his famous/notorious Niggas vs. Black People track—and implicitly, for heavy use of the word “nigger.”[34] Rock has not wavered from a position explored in his 1996 Roll With The New
show, and reiterated in his 1997 memoir: “Why does the public expect
entertainers to behave better than everybody else? It’s ridiculous…Of
course, this is just for black entertainers. You don’t see anyone
telling Jerry Seinfeld
he’s a good role model. Because everyone expects whites to behave
themselves…Nowadays, you’ve got to be an entertainer and a leader.
It’s too much.”[35] Often the subject of tabloids, when asked about paparazzi and the other negative aspects of fame,
Rock says he accepts the bad with the good: “You can’t be happy that
fire cooks your food and be mad it burns your fingertips.”[36]

At the London Live Earth concert on July 7, 2007, which was broadcast live on the BBC, before introducing the Red Hot Chili Peppers, Rock called the crowd “motherfuckers
and “shit” after a brief sigh when he said he was joking. Due to the
broadcast being at 5:45 pm Rock was immediately cut off, and the BBC
made several apologies for his use of the word “motherfucker”.[37]

Chris Rock has been an avid fan of the New York Mets
baseball team since childhood. He famously complained that his team
“had no money” in a comedic rant during a 2011 interview with David

Personal life

Rock has been married to Malaak Compton-Rock since November 23, 1996.[39] She is the founder and executive director of StyleWorks, a non-profit, full-service salon that provides free services for women leaving welfare and entering the workforce.[39] They have two daughters together, Lola Simone (born June 28, 2002) and Zahra Savannah (born May 22, 2004).[40]

In November 2006, the entertainment news website TMZ.com reported that Rock was filing for divorce after nearly ten years of marriage to Malaak.[41]
Two weeks later, however, TMZ reported that Rock had not filed divorce
papers, and that it appeared that the couple had been able to work out
their differences and stay together.[42] In response to the reports, the Rocks released a statement to the press denouncing them as “untrue rumors and lies”.[39]

In 2007, freelance journalist and former actress Kali Bowyer filed a paternity suit against Chris Rock, claiming he was the father of her son, and in need of hospitalization.[43] DNA testing proved that Rock was not the child’s father. Rock resides in Alpine, New Jersey.[45]

In 2008, Rock’s family history was profiled on the PBS series African American Lives 2. A DNA test showed that he is descended from the Udeme people of northern Cameroon.[46] Rock’s great-great-grandfather, Julius Caesar Tingman, was a slave for 21 years before serving as part of the United States Colored Troops until 1866; Tingman fought in the American Civil War.
During the 1940s, Rock’s paternal grandfather moved from South Carolina
to New York City to become a taxicab driver and preacher.[47]



Year Title Role Notes
1985 Krush Groove Person Standing Next to Phone During Fight in Club uncredited
1987 Beverly Hills Cop II Playboy Mansion Valet
1988 Comedy’s Dirtiest Dozen Himself Direct-to-video Concert film
1988 I’m Gonna Git You Sucka Rib Joint Customer
1989 Who Is Chris Rock? Himself Documentary Short
1991 New Jack City Pookie
1992 Boomerang Bony T
1993 CB4 Albert Brown/M.C. Gusto Also wrote story, screenplay and was co-producer
1995 The Immortals Deke Anthony
1995 Panther Yuck Mouth
1996 Sgt. Bilko 1st Lt. Oster
1997 Beverly Hills Ninja Joey Washington
1998 Dr. Dolittle Rodney Voice
1998 Lethal Weapon 4 Detective Lee Butters
1999 Torrance Rises Himself Documentary short
1999 Dogma Rufus
2000 Nurse Betty Wesley
2001 Down to Earth Lance Barton Also co-writer and executive producer
2001 AI: Artificial Intelligence Mecha Comedian Voice/cameo
2001 Pootie Tang JB/Radio DJ/Pootie’s Father Also producer
2001 Osmosis Jones Osmosis Jones Voice
2001 Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back Chaka Luther King Cameo
2002 Bad Company Jake Hayes/Kevin Pope/Michael Turner
2002 Comedian Himself Documentary
2003 Pauly Shore Is Dead Himself Cameo
2003 Head of State Mays Gilliam Also director, producer and co-writer
2004 The N-Word Himself Documentary
2004 Paparazzi Pizza Delivery Guy Cameo
2005 The Aristocrats Himself Documentary
2005 Madagascar Marty Voice
2005 The Longest Yard Farrell Caretaker
2007 I Think I Love My Wife Richard Marcus Cooper Also director and co-writer
2007 Bee Movie Mooseblood the Mosquito Voice
2008 You Don’t Mess with the Zohan Taxi Driver Cameo
2008 Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa Marty and other zebras Voice
2009 Good Hair Himself Documentary
2010 Death at a Funeral Aaron Also producer, Remake of the 2007 film of the same name
2010 Grown Ups Kurt McKenzie
2012 2 Days in New York Mingus
2012 What to Expect When You’re Expecting Vic
2012 Madagascar 3 Marty Voice
2013 Grown Ups 2 Kurt McKenzie


Year Album Peak positions Certifications
U.S. U.S.
1991 Born Suspect
1997 Roll with the New 93 41
1999 Bigger & Blacker 44 26
2005 Never Scared


Year Title Role Notes
1987 Uptown Comedy Express Himself HBO special
1987 Miami Vice Carson Episode:Missing Hours
1990–1993 Saturday Night Live Various Cast member
1993–1994 In Living Color Various Recurring
1994 Big Ass Jokes Himself HBO special
1995 The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air Maurice/Jasmine Episode: “Get a Job
1996–1998 The Moxy Show Flea Uncredited voice role
1996 Martin Valentino Episode: “The Love Jones Connection
1996 Homicide: Life on the Street Carver Episode: “Requiem for Adena
1996 Bring the Pain Himself HBO special
1996 Politically Incorrect Himself Correspondent
1997 MTV Music Video Awards Himself Host
1997–2000 The Chris Rock Show Himself Cast member, writer
1998 King of the Hill Roger “Booda” Sack Episode: “Traffic Jam
1999 MTV Music Video Awards Himself Host
2000 Bigger & Blacker Himself HBO special
2003 MTV Music Video Awards Himself HBO special
2004 ChalkZone Boris the Burger Episode: “If You Can’t Beat ‘Em, Eat ‘Em
2004 Never Scared Himself HBO special
2005 77th Academy Awards Himself Host
2005–2009 Everybody Hates Chris Narrator/Mr. Abbott Creator/Narrator/Chris’ guidance counselor
2008 Kill the Messenger Himself HBO special
2011 Louie Himself 1 Episode
2012 Tosh.0 Himself 1 Episode


Year Title Role Notes
2012 The Annoying Orange Marty Episode: Big Top Orange
cameo appearance
guest star
2012 Rap Battle Parody Tremendous Repeat Episode: 4



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Who is Tyson Cleotis Chandler?

Who is Tyson Cleotis Chandler? The sports world knows hims as Tyson Chandler, he is an American professional basketball center who currently plays for the New York Knicks of the National Basketball Association. Chandler was the second overall pick of the 2001 NBA Draft by the Los Angeles Clippers, then was immediately traded to the Chicago Bulls. He has also played for the New Orleans Hornets, Charlotte Bobcats, and Dallas Mavericks. As starting center for Dallas, he helped win the franchise’s first NBA championship in 2011. He was also a member of the United States men’s national basketball team‘s gold medal run in the 2010 FIBA Basketball World Cup.

Early life and high school career

Chandler was born October 2, 1982 to a single mother. He and his two brothers, Terrell and Tervon, grew up in their family’s farm in Hanford, California, just south of Fresno, California.
Chandler began playing basketball at three years old on a basket
Chandler’s grandfather, Cleotis, fixed on a tree. Chandler grew up doing
farm work such as milking cows, slopping pigs, and cultivating crops.
At nine years old Chandler and his mother moved to San Bernadino, California;
he was already nearly six feet tall. As a child Chandler was teased
because of his height; children on his school basketball team joked that
he was older than he really was, and that he had been left back several
times in school.[1]
Chandler and his family then moved to Compton, California, where he enrolled at Dominguez High School, a school known for its athletics, producing basketball players such as Dennis Johnson and Cedric Ceballos. In his freshman year, Chandler made the varsity team and played with future NBA player Tayshaun Prince, who was then a senior. With the Dominguez Dons, Chandler became a teenage sensation; current players such as DeMar DeRozan watched him play and claimed “he was like Shaq“. Milwaukee Bucks guard Brandon Jennings,
who was a ball boy for Dominguez at the time, said, “You’d see the
girls around Tyson, the Escalade he drove, and you wanted to be like
him,”[2] Chandler earned accolades from Parade Magazine and USA Today, and was selected to the McDonald’s High School All-America Team. As a freshman, he was profiled on current affairs TV program 60 Minutes.
In his junior year, Chandler averaged 20 points, 12 rebounds, 6
assists and 3 blocks. In his senior year, Chandler led Dominguez to a
state championship and a 31-4 record, averaging 26 points, 15 boards,
and 8 blocks a game.[1] Chandler was recruited by several universities and considered UCLA, Arizona, Syracuse, Memphis, Kentucky and Michigan. Chandler then declared for the 2001 NBA draft as a prep-to-pro.

Professional career

Chicago Bulls (2001-2006)

Tyson Chandler was selected 2nd overall by the Los Angeles Clippers, who immediately traded his rights to the Chicago Bulls for former NBA Rookie of the Year Award recipient Elton Brand. The Bulls intended to pair Chandler with fellow high school phenomenon Eddy Curry
in the front court. However, while both players had stretches of
success during their time with the Bulls, they rarely coincided. In
Chandler’s case, back problems were a recurring issue throughout his
career, particularly during the 2003–04 season. During the early part of his career, Chandler feuded with Brendan Haywood of the Washington Wizards and Amar’e Stoudemire of the Phoenix Suns. Later, although the feuds became less frequent, Chandler struggled with foul trouble, which limited his playing time.
Chandler also played a major role in the resurgent Bulls’ playoff run in the 2004–05 season. Finding a role as a fourth-quarter defensive specialist, with notable game-saving blocks against stars like Paul Pierce and Carmelo Anthony, he was rewarded with a long-term deal to remain with the Chicago Bulls
for the next six years, reportedly worth close to $63 million. With
Curry’s departure after the 2004–05 season, Chandler became the last
member of the Bulls left from the Jerry Krause era.
During the 2005–2006 season,
Chandler’s biggest impact was on defense, but he struggled again with
foul problems and averaged only 5.3 points per game. Due in part to his
sub-par playoff performance and the Bulls’ signing of four-time Defensive Player of the Year Ben Wallace in the off-season after the 2005–2006 season, Bulls GM John Paxson
began to consider moving Chandler. On July 5, 2006, the Bulls and the
Hornets verbally agreed to a trade that would send Chandler to the New
Orleans Hornets in exchange for J.R. Smith and P.J. Brown.[3] The deal was finalized the following week.[4]

New Orleans Hornets (2006-2009)

In his first year in New Orleans, Chandler had a breakout season in
2006–2007, averaging 9.5 ppg and 12.4 rpg to go with 1.8 bpg.
Chandler followed that up with an even better season where he put up
11.7 points and 11.8 rebounds a game and led the league in offensive
rebounding. His defense, rebounding and the ability to connect with
Chris Paul on the Crescent City Connection (Name for their alleyoop
pass) allowed the Hornets to claim the 2007–08 Southwest division for
the first time ever with 56 wins. Chandler played well in the playoffs
and defended Tim Duncan valiantly but in the end the Hornets lost a
heartbreaking Game 7 where Chandler limited Duncan to 5–17 shooting.
Chandler was named to Team USA as the number 1 alternate to compete in the 2008 Beijing Olympics.
In 197 regular season games with the Hornets franchise, Chandler
averaged 10.2 ppg, 11.3 rpg and 1.4 bpg, while shooting 61.1% from the
field. On February 17, 2009, Chandler was traded to the Oklahoma City Thunder for Chris Wilcox, Joe Smith and the rights to DeVon Hardin.[5]
However, he failed the physical because of a toe injury, and one day
later, the Thunder announced that they rescinded the trade.[6]
Coincidentally, the doctor in Oklahoma City who failed Chandler on the
physical was the same doctor who had performed corrective surgery on the
toe two years earlier.[7]

Charlotte Bobcats (2009-2010)

On July 28, 2009, he was traded to the Charlotte Bobcats in exchange for Emeka Okafor.[8]
Chandler joined a Bobcats team that had never made the playoffs in
their young history. Chandler struggled with injuries in 2009–10,
missing more than a month with a stress fracture in his left foot.
Chandler still helped the Bobcats win 44 games and earn their first-ever
postseason berth. The Bobcats, led by Gerald Wallace and Stephen Jackson, made it to the playoffs as the seventh seed in the Eastern Conference, and went up against the Orlando Magic. Chandler had the task of defending Dwight Howard. Chandler limited Howard to 9 points and 9 rebounds per game, both below his season and career averages.[9] The Bobcats were, however, swept in their first trip to the playoffs.

Dallas Mavericks (2010-2011)

On July 13, 2010, Chandler was traded to the Dallas Mavericks, along with Alexis Ajinça, in exchange for Matt Carroll, Erick Dampier and Eduardo Nájera.[10] Chandler was expected to shine next to all-stars Dirk Nowitzki and point guard Jason Kidd.
Chandler quickly became a fan-favorite in Dallas because of his
defensive efforts and athleticism on both ends of the floor. He was
credited with making the Mavericks “tough” and anchoring the defense
with his hustle and intensity.[11] The Mavericks went 57–25, earning the third seed in the western conference. They defeated a deep Portland Trail Blazers team in six games, swept Kobe Bryant and the Los Angeles Lakers, and defeated Kevin Durant and the Oklahoma City Thunder in 5 games. The Mavericks went in to the NBA Finals as an underdog,[12][13] facing the Miami Heat and their “Big Three” of LeBron James, Dwyane Wade and Chris Bosh. Chandler was instrumental in the series,[14] defensively stopping LeBron James‘ and Dwyane Wade‘s penetration to the rim. Chandler was forced to play major minutes because of an injury to backup center Brendan Haywood and the inexperience of Ian Mahinmi[citation needed].
In game 5, Chandler recorded 13 points and 16 rebounds. In the decisive
game 6, Chandler recorded 13 points, 7 rebounds and 2 blocks, helping
the Mavericks win their first championship.[15] For his defensive efforts throughout regular season, Chandler was selected to the All-Defensive Second Team.

New York Knicks (2011-present)

On December 9, 2011, Chandler announced that he agreed to terms on a four-year contract with the New York Knicks worth $58 million.[16] He was officially acquired by the Knicks in a three-team sign-and-trade.[17] On Opening Day, Christmas 2011, Chandler finished with 7 points, 3 rebounds, 2 assists and 6 blocks in a 106–104 win over the Boston Celtics.
Chandler finished the regular season with a 67.9% field goal percentage, the third highest in NBA history, exceeded only by Wilt Chamberlain in 1967 (68.26%) and 1973 (72.7%).[18] He won the 2012 NBA Defensive Player of the Year Award with 45 first place votes and 311 points overall, ahead of Serge Ibaka of the Oklahoma City Thunder with 41 first place votes and 294 votes,[19] and became the first ever Knick to win the award.[20]
In May 2012, Chandler was named second team All-Defensive behind Ibaka and Dwight Howard of the Orlando Magic, who made first-team All-Defensive.[21]
Although Chandler was voted Defensive Player of the Year by the press,
the All-Defensive Team is chosen by the league’s 30 head coaches (who
cannot vote for their own players). And while his 13 first-team votes
and 36 overall points were more than the totals for first-team
selections Tony Allen of the Memphis Grizzlies and Chris Paul of the Los Angeles Clippers, Howard received 41 points with 16 first-team votes, and only one center can be named to the team.[22]

United States national team

Chandler was chosen to play for the United States men’s basketball team in the 2012 London Summer Olympics.

Career transactions

Personal life

Until the age of 10, Chandler grew up on a farm in central California.[26]
Chandler and his wife Kimberly organized a charity to help New Orleans families who suffered from Hurricane Katrina.
The charity helped purchase “small things” (as Chandler said) for the
families’ homes: TVs, stoves, microwaves, refrigerators, pots, pans etc.
The wives of Chandler’s teammates helped in the efforts.[27]
His paternal grandmother is of German descent.[28]
He was the subject of a limited edition 100 copy zine titled “Tyson Chandler”. The zine was created in fall 2011 by Camilla Venturini and the photographer Ari Marcopoulos, and was the subject of a lengthy article in the Wall Street Journal.[29]

NBA career statistics

  GP Games played   GS  Games started  MPG  Minutes per game
 FG%  Field-goal percentage  3P%  3-point field-goal percentage  FT%  Free-throw percentage
 RPG  Rebounds per game  APG  Assists per game  SPG  Steals per game
 BPG  Blocks per game  PPG  Points per game  Bold  Career high

Regular season

2001–02 Chicago 71 31 19.6 .497 .000 .604 4.8 .8 .4 1.3 6.1
2002–03 Chicago 75 68 24.4 .531 .000 .608 6.9 1.0 .5 1.4 9.2
2003–04 Chicago 35 8 22.3 .424 .000 .669 7.7 .7 .5 1.2 6.1
2004–05 Chicago 80 10 27.4 .494 .000 .673 9.7 .8 .9 1.8 8.0
2005–06 Chicago 79 50 26.8 .565 .000 .503 9.0 1.0 .5 1.3 5.3
2006–07 NO/Oklahoma City 73 73 34.6 .624 .000 .527 12.4 .9 .5 1.8 9.5
2007–08 New Orleans 79 79 35.2 .623 .000 .593 11.7 1.0 .6 1.1 11.8
2008–09 New Orleans 45 45 32.1 .565 .000 .579 8.7 .5 .3 1.2 8.8
2009–10 Charlotte 51 27 22.8 .574 .000 .732 6.3 1.1 .3 1.1 6.5
2010–11 Dallas 74 74 27.8 .654 .000 .732 9.4 .4 .5 1.1 10.1
2011–12 New York 62 62 33.2 .679 .000 .689 9.9 .9 .9 1.4 11.3
Career 724 527 28.1 .578 .000 .633 8.9 .8 .6 1.4 8.6


2005 Chicago 6 0 28.7 .475 .000 .696 9.7 1.3 .2 2.2 11.7
2006 Chicago 6 0 17.3 .667 .000 .300 4.5 .5 .3 .3 1.8
2008 New Orleans 12 12 34.3 .632 .000 .625 10.3 .4 .4 1.7 8.0
2009 New Orleans 4 4 23.5 .500 .000 .500 5.3 .5 .5 .2 3.8
2010 Charlotte 4 0 15.0 .545 .000 .667 2.5 .5 .5 .8 3.5
2011 Dallas 21 21 32.4 .582 .000 .679 9.2 .4 .6 .9 8.0
2012 New York 5 5 33.4 .440 .000 .600 9.0 .8 1.4 1.4 6.2
Career 58 42 29.1 .562 .000 .644 8.2 .6 .6 1.1 7.0

To see more of Who Is click here

Who is Usain St. Leo Bolt?

Who is Usain St. Leo Bolt? The sports world knows him as  Usain Bolt,  Bolt is a Jamaican sprinter widely known as the fastest man ever. He is the first man to hold both the 100 metres and 200 metres world records. Along with his teammates, he also set the world record in the 4×100 metres relay. He is the reigning Olympic champion in these three events, and a five-time World and five-time Olympic gold medalist. He also is the first man ever to defend both the 100 m and 200 m title at consecutive Olympics.
His 2009 record breaking margin for 100 m, from 9.69 (his own previous world record) to 9.58, is the highest since the start of fully automatic time measurements.[9] His achievements in sprinting have earned him the media nickname “Lightning Bolt”,[10] and awards including the IAAF World Athlete of the Year, Track & Field Athlete of the Year, and Laureus Sportsman of the Year. SportsPro has rated Usain Bolt as the fourth most marketable athlete in the world.[11]

    Early years

    Bolt was born on 21 August 1986 in Sherwood Content,[12] a small town in Trelawny, Jamaica, and grew up with his parents, Wellesley and Jennifer Bolt, his brother Sadeeki,[13] and his sister Sherine.[2][14] His parents ran the local grocery store in the rural area, and Bolt spent his time playing cricket and football in the street with his brother,[15] later saying, “When I was young, I didn’t really think about anything other than sports”.[16]
    As a child, he attended Waldensia Primary and All-age School, and it
    was here that he first began to show his sprinting potential, running in
    the annual national primary-schools’ meeting for his parish.[10] By the age of twelve, Bolt had become the school’s fastest runner over the 100 metres distance.[17]
    Upon his entry to William Knibb
    Memorial High School, Bolt continued to focus on other sports, but his
    cricket coach noticed Bolt’s speed on the pitch and urged him to try track and field events.[18] Pablo McNeil, a former Olympic sprint athlete,[19] and Dwayne Jarrett coached Bolt,[20] encouraging him to focus his energy on improving his athletic abilities. The school had a history of success in athletics with past students, including sprinter Michael Green.[10] Bolt won his first annual high school championships medal in 2001, taking the silver medal in the 200 metres with a time of 22.04 seconds.[10]
    McNeil soon became his primary coach, and the two enjoyed a positive
    partnership, although McNeil was occasionally frustrated by Bolt’s lack
    of dedication to his training and his predisposition to practical jokes.[19]

    Early competitions

    Performing for Jamaica in his first Caribbean regional event, Bolt clocked a personal best of 48.28 s in the 400 metres in the 2001 CARIFTA Games, winning a silver medal. The 200 m also yielded a silver as Bolt finished in 21.81 s.[21]
    He made his first appearance on the world stage at the 2001 IAAF World Youth Championships in Debrecen, Hungary. Running in the 200 m event, he failed to qualify for the finals, but he still set a new personal best of 21.73 s.[22]
    Bolt still did not take athletics or himself too seriously, however,
    and he took his mischievousness to new heights by hiding in the back of a
    van when he was supposed to be preparing for the 200 m finals at the
    CARIFTA Trials. He was detained by the police for his practical joke,
    and there was an outcry from the local community, which blamed coach
    McNeil for the incident.[19]
    However, the controversy subsided, and both McNeil and Bolt went to the
    CARIFTA Games, where Bolt set championship records in the 200 m and
    400 m with times of 21.12 s and 47.33 s, respectively.[21] He continued to set records with 20.61 s and 47.12 s finishes at the Central American and Caribbean Junior Championships.[23]
    Bolt is one of only 8 athletes, (along with Valerie Adams, Veronica Campbell-Brown, Jacques Freitag, Yelena Isinbayeva, Jana Pittman, Dani Samuels) to win world championships at the youth, junior, and senior level of an athletic event. Former Prime Minister P. J. Patterson recognised Bolt’s talent and arranged for him to move to Kingston, along with Jermaine Gonzales, so he could train with the Jamaica Amateur Athletic Association (JAAA) at the University of Technology, Jamaica.[19]

    Rise to prominence

    The 2002 World Junior Championships
    before a home crowd in Kingston, Jamaica, gave Bolt a chance to prove
    his credentials on the world stage. By the age of 15, he had grown to
    1.96 metres (6 ft 5 in) tall, and he physically stood out amongst his
    peers.[10] He won the 200 m, in a time of 20.61 s,[24] 0.03 seconds slower than his personal best of 20.58 s set in the 1st round.[25] Bolt’s 200 m win made him the youngest world-junior gold medalist ever.[26]
    The expectation from the home crowd had made him so nervous that he had
    put his shoes on the wrong feet. However, it turned out to be a
    revelatory experience for Bolt as he vowed never again to let himself be
    affected by pre-race nerves.[27] As a member of the Jamaican sprint relay team, he also took two silver medals and set national junior records in the 4×100 metres and 4×400 metres relay, running times of 39.15 s and 3:04.06 minutes respectively.[28][29]
    The flow of medals continued as he won four gold medals at the 2003 CARIFTA Games, and was awarded the Austin Sealy Trophy for the most outstanding athlete of the games.[30][31][32] He won another gold at the 2003 World Youth Championships. He set a new championship record in the 200 m with a time of 20.40 s, despite a 1.1 m/s head wind.[33] Michael Johnson,
    the 200 m world-record holder, took note of Bolt’s potential but
    worried that the young sprinter might be over-pressured, stating, “It’s
    all about what he does three, four, five years down the line”.[34] Bolt had also impressed the athletics hierarchy, and he received the IAAF Rising Star Award for 2002.[35]
    Bolt turned his main focus to the 200 m and equalled Roy Martin‘s world junior record of 20.13 s at the Pan-American Junior Championships.[10][36]
    This performance attracted interest from the press, and his times in
    the 200 m and 400 m led to him being touted as a possible successor to
    Johnson. Indeed, at sixteen years old, Bolt had reached times that
    Johnson did not register until he was twenty, and Bolt’s 200 m time was
    superior to Maurice Greene‘s season’s best that year.[34]
    In his final Jamaican High School Championships in 2003, he broke
    both the 200 m and 400 m records with times of 20.25 s and 45.30 s,
    respectively. Bolt’s runs were a significant improvement upon the
    previous records, beating the 200 m best by more than half a second and
    the 400 m record by almost a second.[10]
    Bolt was growing more popular in his homeland. Howard Hamilton, who
    was given the task of Public Defender by the government, urged the JAAA
    to nurture him and prevent burnout, calling Bolt “the most phenomenal sprinter ever produced by this island”.[34]
    His popularity and the attractions of the capital city were beginning
    to be a burden to the young sprinter. Bolt was increasingly unfocused on
    his athletic career and preferred to eat fast food, play basketball,
    and party in Kingston’s club scene. In the absence of a disciplined
    lifestyle, he became ever-more reliant on his natural ability to beat
    his competitors on the track.[37]
    As the reigning 200 m champion at both the World Youth and World
    Junior championships, Bolt hoped to take a clean sweep of the world
    200 m championships in the Senior World Championships in Paris.[10]
    Bolt beat all comers at the 200 m in the World Championship trials, but
    he was pragmatic about his chances and noted that, even if he did not
    make the final, he would consider setting a personal best a success.[34][38] However, he suffered a bout of conjunctivitis before the event, and it ruined his training schedule.[10]
    Realising he would not be in peak condition, the JAAA refused to let
    him participate in the finals on the grounds that he was too young and
    inexperienced. Bolt was dismayed at missing out on the opportunity, but
    focused on getting himself in shape to gain a place on the Jamaican
    Olympic team instead.[38]
    Even though he missed the World Championships, Bolt was awarded the
    IAAF Rising Star Award for the 2003 season on the strength of his junior
    record-equalling run.[35]

    Professional athletics career

    Early professional career (2004–2007)

    Under the guidance of new coach Fitz Coleman, Bolt turned professional in 2004, beginning with the CARIFTA Games in Bermuda.[10]
    He became the first junior sprinter to run the 200 m in under twenty
    seconds, taking the world junior record outright with a time of 19.93 s.[10][26] For the second time in the role, he was awarded the Austin Sealy Trophy for the most outstanding athlete of the 2004 CARIFTA Games.[30][31][39] A hamstring injury in May ruined Bolt’s chances of competing in the 2004 World Junior Championships, but he was still chosen for the Jamaican Olympic squad.[40] Bolt headed to the 2004 Athens Olympics with confidence and a new record on his side. However, he was hampered by a leg injury and was eliminated in the first round of the 200 metres with a disappointing time of 21.05 s.[1][41] American colleges offered Bolt track scholarships on the strength of his performances, but the teenager from Trelawny refused them all, stating that he was content to stay in his homeland of Jamaica.[14] Bolt instead chose the surroundings of the University of Technology, Jamaica,
    as his professional training ground, staying with the university’s
    primitive track and weight room that had served him well in his amateur

    The year 2005 signalled a fresh start for Bolt in the form of a new coach, Glen Mills,
    and a new attitude to athletics. Mills recognised Bolt’s potential and
    aimed to cease the sprinter’s unprofessional approach to the sport.[41]
    Bolt began training with Mills in preparation for the upcoming
    athletics season, partnering with more-seasoned sprinters such as Kim Collins and Dwain Chambers.[43]
    The year began well, and in July he knocked more than a third of a
    second off the 200 m CAC Championship record with a run of 20.03 s,[44] then registered his 200 m season’s best at London’s Crystal Palace, running in 19.99 s.[1] Misfortune awaited Bolt at the next major event, the 2005 World Championships in Helsinki.
    Bolt felt that both his work ethic and athleticism had much improved
    since the 2004 Olympics, and he saw the World Championships as a way to
    live up to expectations, stating, “I really want to make up for what
    happened in Athens. Hopefully, everything will fall into place”.[45] Bolt qualified with runs under 21 s, but he suffered an injury in the final, finishing in last place with a time of 26.27 s.[41][46]
    Injuries were preventing him from completing a full professional
    athletics season, and the eighteen-year-old Bolt still had not proven
    his mettle in the major world-athletics competitions.[47]
    Bolt was involved in a car accident in November, and although he
    suffered only minor facial lacerations, his training schedule was
    further upset.[48][49] His manager, Norman Peart, made Bolt’s training less intensive, and he had fully recuperated the following week.[48] Bolt had continued to improve his performances, and he reached the world top-5 rankings in 2005 and 2006.[10]
    Peart and Mills stated their intentions to push Bolt to do longer
    sprinting distances with the aim of making the 400 m event his primary
    event by 2007 or 2008. Bolt was less enthusiastic, and demanded that he
    feel comfortable in his sprinting.[48][50] He suffered another hamstring injury in March 2006, forcing him to withdraw from the 2006 Commonwealth Games in Melbourne, and he did not return to track events until May.[51]
    After his recovery, Bolt was given new training exercises to improve
    flexibility, and the plans to move him up to the 400 m event were put on

    Upon his return to competition, the 200 m remained his primary event, and he beat Justin Gatlin‘s meet record in Ostrava,
    Czech Republic. Bolt had aspired to run under twenty seconds to claim a
    season’s best but, despite the fact that bad weather had impaired his
    run, he was happy to end the meeting with just the victory.[52] However, a sub-20-second finish was soon his, as he set a new personal best of 19.88 s at the 2006 Athletissima Grand Prix in Lausanne, Switzerland, finishing behind Xavier Carter and Tyson Gay to earn a bronze medal.[53]
    Bolt had focused his athletics aims, stating that 2006 was a year to
    gain experience. Also, he was more keen on competing over longer
    distances, setting his sights on running regularly in both 200 m and
    400 m events within the next two years.[52] Bolt claimed his first major world medal two months later at the IAAF World Athletics Final in Stuttgart, Germany. He passed the finishing post with a time of 20.10 s, gaining a bronze medal in the process.[1] The IAAF World Cup in Athens, Greece, yielded Bolt’s first senior international silver medal.[1] Wallace Spearmon from the United States won gold with a championship record time of 19.87 s, beating Bolt’s respectable time of 19.96 s.[54]
    Further 200 m honours on both the regional and international stages
    awaited Bolt in 2007. The young Jamaican yearned to run in the 100 metres, but coach Mills diverted his attention, stating that he could run the shorter distance if he broke the 200 m national record.[41] In the Jamaican Championships, he ran 19.75 s in the 200 m, breaking the 36-year-old Jamaican record held by Don Quarrie by 0.11 s.[10][14]
    Mills complied with Bolt’s demand to run in the 100 m, and he was
    entered to run the event at the 23rd Vardinoyiannia meeting in Rethymno, Crete.
    In his debut tournament run, he set a personal best of 10.03 s, winning
    the gold medal and feeding his enthusiasm for the event.[14][55]

    He built on this achievement at the 2007 World Championships in Osaka, Japan, winning a silver medal.[1] Bolt recorded 19.91 s with a headwind of 0.8 m/s but this paled in comparison with Tyson Gay‘s time of 19.76 s, which set a new championship record.[56]
    The Jamaican national record fell when Bolt partnered with Asafa Powell, Marvin Anderson, and Nesta Carter in the 4×100 metres relay. However, their finish in 37.89 s was not enough to beat the Americans’ time of 37.78 s.[57]
    Bolt did not win any gold medals at the major tournaments in 2007, but
    Mills felt that Bolt’s technique was much improved, pinpointing
    improvements in Bolt’s balance at the turns over 200 m and an increase
    in his stride frequency, giving him more driving power on the track.[41]

    World-record breaker

    The silver medals from the 2007 Osaka World Championships boosted
    Bolt’s desire to run, and he took a more serious, more mature stance
    towards his career.[18] Bolt continued to develop in the 100 m, and he entered to run in the event at the Jamaica Invitational in Kingston. On 3 May 2008, Bolt ran a time of 9.76 s, aided by a tail wind of 1.8 m/s, considerably improving upon his previous personal best of 10.03 s.[58] This was the second-fastest legal performance in the history of the event, second only to compatriot Asafa Powell‘s 9.74 s record set the previous year in Rieti, Italy.[59] Rival Tyson Gay lauded the performance, praising Bolt’s form and technique especially.[60] Michael Johnson, who was observing the race, said that he was shocked at how quickly he had improved over the 100 m distance.[61] The Jamaican surprised even himself with the time, but coach Glen Mills remained confident that there was more to come.[60]

    Mills’ prediction came true before the end of the month when Bolt
    established a new 100 m world record on 31 May 2008. Pushed on by a tail
    wind of 1.7 m/s, Bolt ran 9.72 s at the Reebok Grand Prix held in the Icahn Stadium in New York City, breaking Powell’s record.[62] The record time was even more remarkable in light of the fact that it was only his fifth senior run over the distance.[63] Gay again finished second and said of Bolt “It looked like his knees were going past my face”.[14] Commentators noted that Bolt appeared to have gained a psychological advantage over fellow Olympic contender Gay.[41]
    In June 2008, Bolt responded to claims that he was a lazy athlete,
    saying that the comments were unjustified, and he trained hard to
    achieve his potential. However, he surmised that such comments stemmed
    from his lack of enthusiasm for the 400 metres event, and chose to not make the effort to train for distance running.[64] Turning his efforts to the 200 m, Bolt proved that he could excel in multiple events—first setting the world-leading time in Ostrava, then breaking the national record for the second time with a 19.67 s finish in Athens, Greece.[65][66]
    Although Mills still preferred that Bolt focus on the longer distances,
    the acceptance of Bolt’s demand to run in the 100 m worked for both
    sprinter and trainer. Bolt was more focused in practice, and a training
    schedule to boost his top speed and his stamina, in preparation for the
    Olympics, had improved both his 100 m and 200 m times.[14][67][68] His confidence was building, and he was sure that he would perform well in the upcoming Olympics.[65]

    2008 Summer Olympics

    Bolt announced that he would double-up with the 100 metres and 200 metres events at the Beijing Summer Olympics, and the new 100 m world-record holder was the favourite to win both.[69][70] Michael Johnson,
    the 200 m and 400 m record holder, personally backed the sprinter,
    saying that he did not believe that a lack of experience would work
    against him.[71] Bolt qualified for the 100 m final with times of 9.92 s and 9.85 s in the quarter-finals and semifinals, respectively.[72][73][74]

    In the Olympic 100 m final, Bolt broke new ground, winning in 9.69 s (unofficially 9.683 s) with a reaction time of 0.165 s.[75] This was an improvement upon his own world record, and he was well ahead of second-place finisher Richard Thompson, who finished in 9.89 s.[76]
    Not only was the record set without a favourable wind (+0.0 m/s), but
    he also visibly slowed down to celebrate before he finished and his
    shoelace was untied.[77][78][79] Bolt’s coach reported that, based upon the speed of Bolt’s opening 60 m, he could have finished with a time of 9.52 s.[80] After scientific analysis of Bolt’s run by the Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics at the University of Oslo,
    Hans Eriksen and his colleagues also predicted a sub 9.60 s time.
    Considering factors such as Bolt’s position, acceleration and velocity
    in comparison with second-place-finisher Thompson, the team estimated
    that Bolt could have finished in 9.55±0.04 s had he not slowed to
    celebrate before the finishing line.[81][82]
    Bolt stated that setting a record was not a priority for him, and
    that his goal was just to win the gold medal, Jamaica’s first of the
    2008 Games.[83] Olympic medalist Kriss Akabusi
    construed Bolt’s chest slapping before the finish line as showboating,
    noting that the actions cost Bolt an even faster record time.[84] IOC president Jacques Rogge also condemned the Jamaican’s actions as disrespectful.[85][86]
    Bolt denied that this was the purpose of his celebration by saying, “I
    wasn’t bragging. When I saw I wasn’t covered, I was just happy”.[87] Lamine Diack, president of the IAAF,
    supported Bolt and said that his celebration was appropriate given the
    circumstances of his victory. Jamaican government minister Edmund
    Bartlett also defended Bolt’s actions, stating, “We have to see it in
    the glory of their moment and give it to them. We have to allow the
    personality of youth to express itself”.[88]

    Bolt then focused on attaining a gold medal in the 200 m event, aiming to emulate Carl Lewis‘ double win in the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics.[89] Michael Johnson felt that Bolt would easily win gold but believed that his own world record of 19.32 s set at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta would remain intact at the Olympics.[90] Bolt eased through the first and second rounds of the 200 m, jogging towards the end of his run both times.[91] He won his semifinal and progressed to the final as the favourite to win.[92] Retired Jamaican sprinter Don Quarrie praised Bolt, saying he was confident that Johnson’s record could be beaten.[35] The following day, at the final, he won Jamaica’s fourth gold of the Games, setting a new world and Olympic record of 19.30 s.[93]
    Johnson’s record fell despite the fact that Bolt was impeded by a
    0.9 m/s headwind. The feat made him the first sprinter since Quarrie to
    hold both 100 m and 200 m world records simultaneously and the first
    since the introduction of electronic timing.[93][94] Furthermore, Bolt became the first sprinter to break both records at the same Olympics.[95]
    Unlike in the 100 m final, Bolt sprinted hard all the way to the
    finishing line in the 200 m race, even dipping his chest to improve his
    time.[96] Following the race, “Happy Birthday” was played over the stadium’s sound system as his 22nd birthday would begin at midnight.[96]
    Two days later, Bolt ran as the third leg in the Jamaican 4×100 metres relay team, increasing his gold medal total to three.[97] Along with teammates Nesta Carter, Michael Frater, and Asafa Powell, Bolt broke another world and Olympic record, their 37.10 s finish breaking the previous record by three tenths of a second.[98]
    Powell, who anchored the team to the finishing line, lamented the loss
    of his 100 m record to Bolt but showed no animosity towards his Jamaican
    rival, stating that he was delighted to help him set his third world
    record.[99] Following his victories, Bolt donated US$50,000 to the children of the Sichuan province of China to help those harmed by the 2008 Sichuan earthquake.[100]

    Bolt’s record-setting runs caused commentators not only to praise his
    achievements but also to speculate about his potential to become one of
    the most successful sprinters ever.[16][101] Critics hailed his Olympic success as a new beginning for a sport that had long suffered through high-profile drug scandals.[63][102][dead link] The previous six years had seen the BALCO scandal, Tim Montgomery and Justin Gatlin stripped of their 100 m world records, and Marion Jones returning three Olympic gold medals.[103] All three sprinters were disqualified from athletics after drugs tests detected banned substances in their systems.[104][105] Bolt’s record-breaking performances caused suspicion among some commentators, including Victor Conte, and the lack of an independent Caribbean anti-doping federation raised more concerns.[106][107]
    The accusations of drug use were vehemently rejected by Glen Mills
    (Bolt’s coach) and Herb Elliott (the Jamaican athletics team doctor).
    Elliott, a member of the IAAF
    anti-doping commission, urged those concerned about the issue to “come
    down and see our programme, come down and see our testing, we have
    nothing to hide”.[108] Mills had been equally ardent that Bolt was a clean athlete, declaring to the Jamaica Gleaner: “We will test any time, any day, any part of the body…[he] doesn’t even like to take vitamins”.[109]
    Bolt stated that he had been tested four times prior to the Olympics,
    and all had tested negative for banned substances. He also welcomed
    anti-doping authorities to test him to prove that he was clean, stating,
    “We work hard and we perform well and we know we’re clean”.[110]

    After the Olympics

    The end of the 2008 athletics season saw Bolt compete in the ÅF Golden League, beginning in Weltklasse Zürich. Despite having the slowest start among his competitors in the 100 m race, he still crossed the finishing line in 9.83 s.[112]
    Even though the time was slower than both his newly set world record
    and Asafa Powell’s track record, it was still among the top-fifteen
    100 m finishes by any sprinter to that date.[77]
    Bolt admitted that he was not running at full strength, suffering from a
    cold, but he had concentrated on both winning the race and finishing
    the season in good health.[112] At the Super Grand Prix final in Lausanne, Bolt ran his second-fastest 200 m with a time of 19.63 s, equalling Xavier Carter‘s track record.[113]
    However, it was the 100 m final, featuring Asafa Powell, that drew the
    most interest. Powell had moved closer to Bolt’s world record after
    setting a new personal best of 9.72 s, reaffirming his status as Bolt’s
    main contender.[114] Bolt’s final event of the season came three days later at the Golden League final in Brussels.
    This was the first 100 m race featuring both Bolt and Powell since the
    final in the Olympics. Both Jamaicans broke the track record, but Bolt
    came out on top with a time of 9.77 s, beating Powell by 0.06 s.
    Victory, however, did not come as smoothly as it had in Beijing. Bolt
    made the slowest start of the nine competitors and had to recover ground
    in cold conditions and against a 0.9 m/s headwind.[115]
    Yet the results confirmed Jamaican dominance in the 100 m, with nine of
    the ten-fastest legal times in history being recorded by either Bolt or
    Powell.[77] On his return to Jamaica, Bolt was honoured in a homecoming celebration and received an Order of Distinction in recognition of his achievements at the Olympics.[116]
    He was selected as the IAAF Male Athlete of the year and won a Special Olympic Award for his performances.[117]
    However, Bolt turned his attention to future events, suggesting that he
    could aim to break the 400 metres world record in 2010 as no major
    championships were scheduled that year.[118]

    2009 Berlin World Championships

    Bolt started the season competing over 400 metres in order to improve
    his speed, winning two races and registering 45.54 s in Kingston,[119] and windy conditions gave him his first sub-10 second finish of the season in the 100 m in March.[120]
    In late April Bolt suffered minor leg injuries in a car crash. However,
    he quickly recovered following minor surgery and (after cancelling a
    track meet in Jamaica) he stated that he was fit to compete in the 150 metres street race at the Manchester Great City Games.[121] Bolt won the race in 14.35 s, the fastest time ever recorded for 150 m.[122]
    Despite not being at full fitness, he took the 100 and 200 m titles at
    the Jamaican national championships, with runs of 9.86 s and 20.25 s
    respectively.[123][124] This meant he had qualified for both events at the 2009 World Championships.
    Rival Tyson Gay suggested that Bolt’s 100 m record was within his
    grasp, but Bolt dismissed the claim and instead noted that he was more
    interested in Asafa Powell’s return from injury.[125] Bolt defied unfavourable conditions at the Athletissima meet in July, running 19.59 seconds into a 0.9 m/s headwind and rain, to record the fourth fastest time ever over 200 m,[126] one hundredth off Gay’s best time.[127]

    At the 2009 World Championships in August, Bolt eased through the
    100 m heats, clocking the fastest ever pre-final performance of
    9.89 seconds.[128]
    The final was the first time Bolt and Gay had met in the season, and
    Bolt improved his world record with a time of 9.58 s to win his first
    World Championship gold medal. Taking over a tenth of a second off the
    previous best mark, this was the largest ever margin of improvement in
    the 100 m world record since the beginning of electronic timing.[129] Gay finished with a time of 9.71 s, 0.02 s off Bolt’s 9.69 s world-record run in Beijing.[130]
    Although Gay withdrew from the second race of the competition, the
    Jamaican once again produced world record-breaking form in the 200 metres final. He broke his own record by 0.11 seconds, finishing with a time of 19.19 seconds.[131] He won the 200 m race by the biggest margin in World Championships history, even though the race had three other athletes running under 19.90 seconds, the greatest number ever in the event.[132][133] Bolt’s pace impressed even the more experienced of his competitors; third-placed Wallace Spearmon complimented his speed,[134] and former Olympic champion Shawn Crawford said “Just coming out there…I felt like I was in a video game, that guy was moving – fast”.[135]
    Bolt pointed out that an important factor in his performance at the
    World Championships was his improved start to the races: his reaction
    times in the 100 m (0.146)[136] and 200 m (0.133)[137] were significantly faster than those he had produced in his world record runs at the Beijing Olympics.[138][139]
    However, he, together with other members of Jamaican 4×100 m relay
    team, fell short of their own world record of 37.10 s set at 2008 Summer Olympics by timing 37.31 s, which is, however, a championship record and the second fastest time in history at that date.[140]

    On the last day of the Berlin Championships, the governing Mayor of Berlin, Klaus Wowereit, presented Bolt with a 12-foot high section of the Berlin Wall
    in a small ceremony, saying Bolt had shown that “one can tear down
    walls that had been considered as insurmountable.” The nearly three-ton
    segment will be delivered to Bolt’s training camp in Jamaica.[141]
    Several days after Bolt broke the world records in 100 and 200 metres events, Mike Powell, the world record holder in long jump
    (8.95 metres set in 1991) argued that Bolt could become the first man
    to jump over 9 metres, the long jump event being “a perfect fit for his
    speed and height”.[142] At the end of the season he was selected as the IAAF World Athlete of the Year for the second year running.[143]

    2010: Diamond League and broken streak

    Early on in the 2010 outdoor season, Bolt ran 19.56 seconds in the
    200 m in Kingston, Jamaica for the fourth-fastest run of all-time,
    although he stated that he had no record breaking ambitions for the
    forthcoming season.[144] He took to the international circuit May with wins in East Asia at the Colorful Daegu Pre-Championships Meeting and then a comfortable win in his 2010 IAAF Diamond League debut at the Shanghai Golden Grand Prix.[145][146] Bolt made an attempt to break Michael Johnson’s best time over the rarely competed 300 metres event at the Golden Spike
    meeting in Ostrava. He failed to match Johnson’s ten-year-old record of
    30.85 and suffered a setback in that his 30.97-second run in wet
    weather had left him with an Achilles tendon problem.[147][148]
    On his return from injury a month later, he asserted himself with a
    100 m win at the Athletissima meeting in Lausanne (9.82 seconds) and a
    victory over Asafa Powell at Meeting Areva in Paris (9.84 seconds).[149][150] Despite this run of form, he suffered only the second loss of his career in a 100 m final at the DN Galan.
    Tyson Gay soundly defeated him with a run of 9.84 to Bolt’s
    9.97 seconds, and the Jamaican reflected that he had slacked off in
    training early in the season while Gay had been better prepared and in a
    better condition.[151]
    This marked Bolt’s first loss to Gay in the 100 m, which coincidentally
    occurred in the same stadium where Powell had beaten Bolt for the first
    time two years earlier.[152]

    2011 World Championships

    Considered the overwhelming favourite to win in the 100 metres at the 2011 World Championships in Daegu,
    Bolt was eliminated from the final, breaking “ridiculously early”
    according to the starter in an interview for BBC Sport, and receiving a false start.[153] Usain Bolt’s countryman, Yohan Blake won in a season best of 9.92 seconds. In the 200 m, Bolt cruised through to the final which he won in a time of 19.40s,[154]
    the fastest time in history never to be a World Record. Bolt also won
    gold in 4×100 metres relay with team Jamaica setting a world record time
    of 37.04.
    In June 2012, Usain Bolt won the 100 m race in Diamond League in 9.79 seconds.[155]

    2012 Summer Olympics

    Before the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, Bolt came in second at the Jamaican trials in both 100 m and 200 m. However, at the Olympics, he won the 100 metres
    gold medal with a time of 9.63 seconds, setting a new Olympic record
    for that distance and defending his gold medal from the 2008 Beijing
    Summer Olympics. He was followed by fellow Jamaican, Yohan Blake, who won silver with a time of 9.75 seconds.[156] Following the race, seventh place finisher Richard Thompson of Trinidad and Tobago declared “There’s no doubt he’s the greatest sprinter of all time”, while USA Today
    referred to Bolt as a Jamaican “national hero”, noting that his victory
    came just hours before Jamaica was to celebrate the 50th anniversary of
    its independence from the United Kingdom.[157] With his 2012 win, Bolt became the first man to defend an Olympic sprint title since Carl Lewis in 1988, and only the third man in history.[158] He followed up this impressive performance by defending his 200 metres gold medal with a time of 19.32 seconds, followed by second-placed Yohan Blake at 19.44 and bronze medalist Warren Weir at 19.84. With this, Bolt became the first man in history to defend both the 100 m and 200 m Olympic sprint titles.[159]

    Personal life

    Bolt expresses a love for dancing and his character is frequently described as laid-back and relaxed.[18][161][dead link][162] Bolt’s Jamaican track and field idols include Herb McKenley and former Jamaican 100 m 200 m world record holder, Don Quarrie. Michael Johnson, the former 200 m world and Olympic record holder, is also held in high esteem by Bolt.[18] The first sport to interest him was cricket and he said if he was not a sprinter he would be a fast bowler instead.[18] As a child he was a supporter of the Pakistani cricket team and admired the bowling of Waqar Younis.[163] He is also a fan of Indian batsman Sachin Tendulkar, West Indian opener Chris Gayle[164] and Australian opener Matthew Hayden.[165] During a charity cricket match Bolt clean-bowled Chris Gayle. Gayle was complimentary of Bolt’s pace and swing.[166]
    Bolt also struck a six off Chris Gayle’s bowling. Another bowler
    complimentary of Bolt’s pace was former West Indies fast-bowling great Curtly Ambrose.[167]

    Association football

    Bolt has also expressed his love for football and is a fan of Manchester United as well as Real Madrid.[168] Bolt has also declared he is a fan of Dutch striker Ruud van Nistelrooy.[169] Following a race in Manchester, he met the team at their training ground and offered Portuguese national Cristiano Ronaldo some sprinting advice.[170] Bolt was a special guest of Manchester United at the 2011 UEFA Champions League final in London, where he stated he’d like to play for them after he retires.[171]


    In 2010, he also revealed his fondness of music, when he played a reggae DJ set to a crowd in Paris.[172]

    Sponsorships and advertising work

    After winning the 200 m title in the 2002 World Junior Championships in Kingston, Jamaica, Bolt signed a sponsorship deal with Puma.[173] To promote Bolt’s chase for Olympic glory in the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China, Puma released a series of videos including Bolt’s then-world-record-setting run in Icahn Stadium and his Olympic preparations.[174] After his world record breaking run in New York City, which was preceded by a lightning storm,[175] the press frequently made puns on the Jamaican’s name, nicknaming him “Lightning Bolt” and the “Bolt from the blue“.[176][177][178][dead link]
    During the Beijing 2008 100 m final, Bolt wore golden Puma Complete
    Theseus spikes that had “Beijing 100 m Gold” emblazoned across them.[179] His athletics agent is PACE Sports Management.[180]
    In January 2012, Bolt impersonated Richard Branson in a Ad Campaign for Virgin Media.[181] The multi-million-pound campaign was directed by Seth Gordon and features Virgin founder Branson to promote its superfast broadband service. In March 2012, Bolt starred in an ad for Visa and the London 2012 Olympics.[182]
    On 19 April 2012, Bolt announced, via Twitter, that he will be partnering with mobile gaming company RockLive to release a mobile game.[183]
    On 12 July 2012, Bolt and RockLive launched Bolt!, a new iOS game based on the Jamaican sprinter. Bolt! quickly became the #1 app in Jamaica and climbed the UK iTunes charts to reach #2 on the list of Top Free Apps[184]

    Book deal

    In 2010, Bolt signed a lucrative publishing deal with HarperCollins for an autobiography, which was negotiated by Chris Nathaniel of NVA Management.[185]
    This is scheduled for release in 2012. During a press conference in
    Paris on 15 July 2010, Bolt declined any comment on what would be
    contained within the book, saying: “You can’t really give away anything
    in your book … should be exciting, it’s my life, and I’m a cool and
    exciting guy.”[168]


    As a result of Bolt’s successes in athletics, he was named the Laureus World Sportsman of the Year for 2009 and 2010.[186][187]


    Personal bests

    Event Time (seconds) Venue Date Records Notes
    100 metres 9.58 Berlin, Germany 16 August 2009 World record Also have the second fastest time (9.63) and shares the third fastest time of 9.69 with Tyson Gay. Bolt’s 9.63 set the Olympic record on 5 August, 2012.
    150 metres 14.35 Manchester, United Kingdom 17 May 2009 World best[5] He ran the last 100 m in 8.70, the fastest ever recorded time over a
    100 m distance. This would equal an average speed of 41.38 km/h.
    200 metres 19.19 Berlin, Germany 20 August 2009 World record Also holds the Olympic Record with 19.30, at the time (2008) a new world record.
    300 metres 30.97 Ostrava, Czech Republic 27 May 2010 This is the second fastest time, behind Michael Johnson’s 30.85.
    400 metres 45.28[10] Kingston, Jamaica 5 May 2007
    4 × 100 metres relay 37.04 Daegu, South Korea 4 September 2011 World record Shared with Yohan Blake, Michael Frater and Nesta Carter.


    The progression of Bolt’s 200 m seasons’ best times[188]

    The progression of Bolt’s 100 m seasons’ best times[188]

    Bolt’s personal best of 9.58 seconds in the 100 metres is the fastest ever legal time.[77] Bolt also holds the second fastest time of 9.63 seconds,[75] the current Olympic record.[77] Tyson Gay recorded a time of 9.68 s at the 2008 US Olympic Trials, but was aided with a tail wind of 4.1 m/s, exceeding the legal limit of 2.0 m/s set by the IAAF and nullifying its inclusion as a world record.[189] Obadele Thompson‘s run of 9.69 s in 1996 is also not recognised as it was aided by a 5.0 m/s tail wind.[77]
    Bolt’s personal best of 19.19 s in the 200 metres is the world record. This was recorded at the 2009 World Championships in Athletics
    in Berlin against a headwind of −0.3 m/s. He has also broken the
    Olympic record with a time of 19.30 s (more precisely 19.296 s)[190]
    The Jamaican relay team including Bolt, set the 4×100 metres world
    and Olympic records at the 2008 Olympics with a time of 37.10 seconds.
    This is the only run in the IAAF top ten performances which was not set
    by an American team.[191]
    Bolt also holds the 200 metres world teenage best results for the age
    categories 15 (20.58 s), 16 (20.13 s, world youth record), 17 (19.93 s)
    and 18 (19.93 s, world junior record).[75]
    He also holds the 150 metres world best set in 2009, during which he
    ran the last 100 metres in 8.70 seconds, the quickest timed 100 metres

    Average speed

    From his record time of 9.58 s for the 100 m sprint Usain Bolt’s
    average ground speed equates to: 37.58 km/h or 23.35 mph. However, once
    his reaction time of 0.15 s is subtracted, his time is closer to 9.43 s,
    making his average speed closer to 38.18 km/h or 23.72 mph.[192]
    Bolt’s top speed, based on his split time of 1.61 for the 20 meters
    from the 60- to 80-meter marks (made during the 9.58 WR at 100m) is
    12.42 m/s, (44.72 km/h or 27.78 miles per hour), which is a much more
    representative figure than the average speed for a race like the 100

    International competition record

    Year Competition Venue Position Event Notes
    2002 World Junior Championships Kingston, Jamaica 1st 200 m 20.61
    2nd 4×100 m relay 39.15 NJR
    2nd 4×400 m relay 3:04.06 NJR
    2003 World Youth Championships Sherbrooke, Canada 1st 200 m 20.40
    2003 Pan American Junior Championships Bridgetown, Barbados 1st 200 m 20.13 WYB
    2nd 4×100 m relay 39.40
    2004 CARIFTA Games Hamilton, Bermuda 1st 200 m 19.93 WJR
    2005 Central American and Caribbean Championships Nassau, Bahamas 1st 200 m 20.03
    2006 World Athletics Final Stuttgart, Germany 3rd 200 m 20.10
    2006 IAAF World Cup Athens, Greece 2nd 200 m 19.96
    2007 World Championships Osaka, Japan 2nd 200 metres 19.91
    2008 Olympic Games Beijing, China 1st 100 metres 9.69 WR OR
    1st 200 metres 19.30 WR OR
    1st 4×100 metres relay 37.10 WR OR
    2009 World Championships Berlin, Germany 1st 100 metres 9.58 WR
    1st 200 metres 19.19 WR
    1st 4×100 metres relay 37.31 CR
    2011 World Championships Daegu, South Korea DSQ 100 metres
    1st 200 metres 19.40 WL
    1st 4×100 metres relay 37.04 WR
    2012 Olympic Games London, United Kingdom 1st 100 metres 9.63 OR
    1st 200 metres 19.32
    4×100 metres relay


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    Who is Alexandra Patricia Morgan?

    Who is Alexandra Patricia Morgan? The sporting world knows her as Alex Morgan, she  is an American soccer player from Diamond Bar, California. She is a forward for Seattle Sounders Women and member of the US Women’s National Team. Morgan was the youngest player on the USA’s roster at the 2011 FIFA Women’s World Cup.

    Early life and collegiate career

    Morgan was born July 2, 1989 in Diamond Bar, California, the daughter of Pamela S. (née Jeske) and Michael T. Morgan.[1] She attended Diamond Bar High School. As a freshman at the University of California, Berkeley,
    Morgan was the leading scorer for the Golden Bears with eight goals in
    2007. Her last goal of her freshman season came against Stanford in the second round of the 2007 NCAA
    Tournament, tying the game at 1–1 with less than two minutes left in
    regulation time and forcing the Cardinal into overtime and then to penalty kicks. However, Stanford prevailed, and went on to the third round of the tournament.[2]
    Morgan continued to lead the Golden Bears’ scoring during her
    sophomore season with nine goals in 2008, despite being out for part of
    the season due to national team commitments.[3] The Golden Bears bowed out of the first round of the 2008 NCAA Tournament while Morgan was playing at the 2008 FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup.
    At the beginning of the 2009 NCAA season, Morgan was named a candidate for the Hermann Trophy Watch List,[4] the first Golden Bear to be considered in this category since Laura Schott in 2001. She scored fourteen goals and eight assists during the Bears’ 2009 season.[5]
    Morgan is third all-time in goals scored (45) for the Golden Bears.[6]

    Club career

    Western New York Flash

    On January 14, 2011, Morgan was drafted number one overall in the 2011 WPS Draft by the Western New York Flash.[7] She was the first California Golden Bears women’s soccer player to be drafted in the first round of Women’s Professional Soccer.

    International career

    Due to an anterior cruciate ligament injury that slowed her progress in 2007, Morgan was not called up to train with the United States under-20 women’s national soccer team until April 2008.[8] Her first appearance for the U-20s came at the 2008 CONCACAF Women’s U-20 Championship in Puebla, Mexico, where she scored her first international goal against Cuba.[9]
    Morgan was named to the United States U-20 women’s national team that competed in the 2008 FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup in Chile, scoring a total of four goals in the tournament against France, Argentina and North Korea; her last goal scored against North Korea was subsequently voted the best goal of the tournament,[10] and later FIFA‘s second-best goal of the year.[11]
    Morgan’s performance on the field earned her the Bronze Shoe as the
    tournament’s third-highest scorer and the Silver Ball as the
    tournament’s second-best player behind teammate Sydney Leroux.[12]
    She has been capped by the senior national team, first appearing as a substitute in a match versus Mexico in March 2010,[13] and scored her first international goal after coming on as a substitute against China in October 2010. Her most important goal to date came a month later in a crucial road game against Italy, with a Women’s World Cup berth on the line for the United States.[14]
    Morgan was on the national team that placed second in the 2011 FIFA Women’s World Cup. She was the youngest player on the U.S. roster. On July 13, 2011, she scored her first FIFA Women’s World Cup goal in the 82nd minute of the semi-final matchup against France, giving the USA a 3–1 lead and ultimately, the victory. She scored the first goal (69′) in the FIFA World Cup Final against Japan after coming on as a substitute at the half, as well as assisting on the Abby Wambach header (104′) for a goal in extra time.
    Morgan’s strong form for the USA was shown when she was nominated for breakthrough athlete of the year at the 2012 ESPY Award. [15]

    2012 Summer Olympics

    On August 9, she won gold with the USA Women’s football team.

    International goals



    Western New York Flash



    Personal life

    She met her current boyfriend Servando Carrasco, a defensive midfielder for the Seattle Sounders FC of Major League Soccer, in her first year at University of California. [16] Alex appeared in the 2012 Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue appearing in a section of athletes in body paint.[17] She supports FC Barcelona.[18]

    To see more of Who Is click here

    Who is Gabrielle Christina Victoria Douglas?

    Who is Gabrielle Christina Victoria Douglas? The sports world knows her as Gabby Douglas is an American artistic gymnast. As a member of the U.S. Women’s Gymnastics team at the 2012 Summer Olympics, she won gold medals in both the individual and team
    all-around competitions. Douglas is the first African-American and
    first woman of color in Olympic history to become the individual
    all-around champion, and the first American gymnast to win gold in both
    the individual all-around and team competitions at the same Olympics.
    She was also a member of the gold-winning U.S. team at the 2011 World Championships.

    Early life

    Douglas was born December 31, 1995 began training in gymnastics at age six when her older
    sister, Arielle, convinced their mother to enroll her in gymnastics
    When she was eight years old, Douglas won an all-around gymnastics
    award for her level at the 2004 Virginia State Championships.[3]


    Douglas made her national debut at the 2010 Nastia Liukin Supergirl Cup, a televised Level 10 meet held in Worcester, Massachusetts, where Douglas placed fourth all-around.[4]

    Her first elite meet was the 2010 CoverGirl Classic in Chicago, Illinois, where Douglas placed third on balance beam, 6th on vault and 9th all-around in the junior division.[4]

    At the 2010 U.S. Junior National Championships, Douglas won the
    silver medal on balance beam, placed fourth all-around and on vault, and
    tied for eighth on floor exercise.[4]

    At the 2010 Pan American Championships in Guadalajara, Mexico, Douglas won the uneven bars title, and she won a share of the U.S. team gold medal. She also placed fifth all-around.[4]

    Douglas moved from Virginia Beach, Virginia to West Des Moines, Iowa in October at the age of 14 to train under Liang Chow, the former coach of 2008 Summer Olympics gold medal-winner Shawn Johnson.[5]


    At the City of Jesolo Trophy in Italy,
    Douglas won a share of the U.S. team gold medal. She also placed second
    on floor, tied for third on beam, and placed fourth in the all-around
    and on vault.[4]

    Douglas earned the silver medal in uneven bars at the CoverGirl Classic in Chicago.[4]

    At the 2011 U.S. National Championships In St. Paul, Minnesota, Douglas tied for third on bars and placed seventh all-around.[4]

    At the 2011 World Championships in Tokyo, Japan, Douglas shared in the team gold medal won by the U.S. Douglas also placed fifth in uneven bars.[6][7]


    At the AT&T American Cup at Madison Square Garden
    in March, Douglas received the highest total all-around score in the
    women’s competition, ahead of her teammate and current world champion Jordyn Wieber. However, her scores did not count towards winning the competition because she was an alternate.[8]

    Later in March, she was part of the gold-winning U.S. team at the
    Pacific Rim Championships, where she also won gold in uneven bars.[9]

    At the 2012 U.S. National Championships in June, Douglas won the gold medal in uneven bars, silver in the all-around, and bronze in floor. Martha Karolyi, the National Team Coordinator for USA Gymnastics, nicknamed Douglas the “Flying Squirrel” for her aerial performance on the uneven bars.[10][11][12]

    After winning a spot on the U.S. women’s Olympic gymnastics team, Douglas and her teammates were featured on the cover of Sports Illustrated on the July 18, 2012 Olympic Preview issue. This marked the first time an entire Olympic gymnastics team had been featured on the cover of the magazine.[13] She appeared on Rock Center with Brian Williams on July 19, where she discussed her family background and Olympic ambitions.[14] On July 20, Douglas was featured on one of five Olympic covers released that day for Time magazine.[15]

    Summer Olympics

    On July 31, Douglas and her teammates, McKayla Maroney, Aly Raisman, Kyla Ross and Jordyn Wieber, won the team all-around gold medal at the 2012 Summer Olympics.[16] On August 2, Douglas won the gold medal in the individual all-around, becoming the first African-American woman and first woman of color to win the event.[17][18][19][20] She is also the first American gymnast ever to win both the team and individual all-around gold at the same Olympics.[21]

    Douglas is scheduled to take part in the finals of uneven bars on August 6 and balance beam on August 7.

    Personal life

    Douglas is the daughter of Timothy Douglas and Natalie Hawkins.[22]
    When Douglas moved to Iowa to train under Liang Chow, Douglas and her
    sister had to convince their mother to let Douglas leave Virginia and
    live with a host family in West Des Moines.[23][24]. Douglas is a devout Christian. In a post-win interview she said that “all the glory” for her win goes “to God. She also tweeted her thanks to God, stressing “may I never forget the good things he does for me.”
    After her victory, she was quoted as saying: “And I give all the glory
    to God, It’s kind of a win-win situation. The glory goes up to Him and
    the blessings fall down on me.”[25]

    To see more of Who Is click here

    Who is The Jabbawockeez?

    Who is the Jabbawockeez? The entertainment & dance world knows the Jabbawockeez as a seven-member, male, hip-hop dance crew best known for being the winners of the first season of America’s Best Dance Crew.
    They were initially formed by members Kevin “KB” Brewer, Phil “Swagger
    Boy” Tayag, & Joe “Punkee” Larot under the name “3 Muskee”. By 2004,
    their members included Ben “B-Tek” Chung, Chris “Cristyle” Gatdula,
    Rynan “Kid Rainen” Paguio, and Jeff “Phi” Nguyen. The Jabbawockeez do
    not have a leader of the group; choreography for their performances as
    well as music and design choices are made as a collective unit.[4] They always perform wearing white masks (rare they wear other colour mask) and white gloves.[4]


    Early Career

    Phil “Swagger Boy” Tayag, Kevin “KB” Brewer, and Joe “Punkee” Larot
    began performing as a trio called “Three Musky” in Sacramento,
    California while wearing white masks and gloves. The mask and glove
    motif was adopted as a tribute to the 1960s San Francisco strutting crew
    Medea Sirkas. Gary “Gee One” Kendall and Randy “DJ Wish One” Bernal
    were both members of the MindTricks dance crew who were active in the
    San Francisco Bay Area. Both the MindTricks dance crew and the Three
    Muskee were friends and associates with each other. Tayag, Brewer, and
    Larot all later moved to the San Diego area and what began as an effort
    to start a Southern California chapter of the MindTricks crew later
    evolved into JabbaWockeeZ.

    Established in 2003[4]
    in San Diego, California, Jabbawockeez is the brainchild of the “Three
    Musky” who wanted to showcase freestyle dance. The name Jabbawockeez,
    coined by Joe Larot, was inspired by the fantastical monster from the Lewis Carroll nonsense poem Jabberwocky.[4]
    The white masks and gloves from Phil, Kevin, and Joe’s performances as
    Three Musky were adopted as the visual signature of the group. In San
    Diego, through Gary’s connections, the Jabbawockeez added b-boys
    Rynan “Kid Rainen” Paguio and Chris “Cristyle” Gatdula to the group.
    The original seven member iteration of the Jabbawockeez began performing
    as a group in 2004. This lineup consisted of Gary, Randy, Phil, Kevin,
    Joe, Rynan, and Chris.

    Jabbawockeez rounded out their numbers with additional members, bringing their total to eleven. Phoenix native Jeff “Phi” Nguyen had met Rynan Paguio at various Los Angeles area auditions and performances and earned a spot in the Jabbawockeez in 2004 by battling Kevin Brewer.[4] The Jabbawockeez also brought Kaba Modern
    alumnus Ben “B-Tek” Chung and b-boys Eddie “Eddiestyles” Gutierrez and
    Saso “Saso Fresh” Jimenez into the fold. Stylistically, the Jabbawockeez
    style of dance features an eclectic mix of various urban styles,
    primarily popping & b-boying, along with a careful synchronicity to choreography which one member dubs “Beat-Kune-Do” (a play on the word “Jeet Kune Do“, a martial arts style created by Bruce Lee). In 2007, the JabbaWockeeZ appeared on the second season of America’s Got Talent.
    Performing with nine members, the group was eliminated in the Las Vegas
    callbacks episode. In 2008, they auditioned and were accepted onto the
    first season of America’s Best Dance Crew.

    America’s Best Dance Crew

    The Jabbawockeez auditioned a seven-member contingent for the first season of America’s Best Dance Crew,
    because of crew member limits imposed by the show. Originally, the ABDC
    group was supposed to consist of Gary Kendell, Phil Tayag, Kevin
    Brewer, Joe Larot, Rynan Paguio, Chris Gatdula, and Phi Nguyen; however,
    Gary died that year, and Joe suffered a knee injury during the audition
    rounds. The group chose Ben Chung to replace Joe on the show and left
    Gary’s spot vacant, proceeding with six members. They eventually went on
    to become the winners of the show. The win earned the crew $100,000

    Season 1 performances

    Week Challenge Music Result
    Live Audition Special None “We Came Here to Party (Remix)” by Tony Yayo Safe
    1: Crew’s Choice Challenge None Apologize” by Timbaland ft. OneRepublic Safe
    2: Video Star Challenge Crews must duplicate
    choreography in assigned
    music video
    Ice Box” by Omarion Safe
    3: Dance Craze Challenge Crews must create the
    illusion of defying gravity
    Lean wit It, Rock wit It” by Dem Franchize Boyz Safe
    4: Movie Character Challenge Character: Thieves Ayo Technology” by 50 Cent ft. Justin Timberlake Safe
    5: Thriller Challenge Incorporate Michael Jackson‘s moves in their routine P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing)” by Michael Jackson Safe
    6: Broadway Remixed Challenge “Partners:”
    Kaba Modern
    Status Quo
    “It’s the Hard Knock Life” (mastermix) from the musical Annie Safe
    The Charleston All That Jazz” (mastermix) from the musical Chicago Safe
    7: Evolution of Street Dance Crews must tell the
    history of hip-hop dance
    using the same five songs
    Funkytown” by Lipps Inc
    It’s Like That” by Run DMC & Jason Nevins
    “It’s Just Begun” by Jimmy Castor Bunch
    Push It” by Salt N Pepa
    Bye Bye Bye” by N’Sync
    Get Buck in Here” by DJ Felli Fel
    Bottom 2
    Encore Round “The Red Pill” (mastermix of “The Time Is Now (Bambino Casino Remix)”
    by Moloko and “Red Dragon” by Swollen Members) by District 78

    8: The Live Finale “Partners:”
    Kaba Modern
    Fysh N Chicks
    Tell Me When to Go” by E-40 ft. Keak da Sneak Champions
    Status Quo
    Step routine
    Champion’s Encore Stronger” by Kanye West

    Post-ABDC career

    Since ABDC, the Jabbawockeez have appeared in a Pepsi,[6][4] and Gatorade commercial,[4] and performed on Dancing with the Stars, So You Think You Can Dance, The Ellen DeGeneres Show,[7] and Live with Regis and Kelly. They also made a cameo appearance in Step Up 2 The Streets,[8] launched their own clothing line, and toured with New Kids on the Block,[4][9] and Jesse McCartney.[4] Along with the ABDC season 2 winner, Super Cr3w, Jabbawockeez were the opening act for the Battle of the VMAs ABDC special.[10][11] The group also made an appearance on Cycle 13 of America’s Next Top Model during the episode “Dance With Me” to help the contestants learn how to convey emotions with their bodies.

    On February 15, 2009, they accompanied and danced with NBA All-Star center Shaquille O’Neal in his NBA All-Star Game player introduction.[12] On October 16, 2009, they performed in front of a crowd of 35,000 at the University of Florida‘s Gator Growl.[13]

    Australia tour

    The Jabbawockeez toured Australia from August 28 to August 30, 2009.
    The three-day tour was for Australian fans who were unable to see the
    crew due to the cancellation of the Australian leg of New Kids on the
    Block’s Full Service Tour. The group performed in Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane and made several appearances on MTV Iggy.

    Other ABDC appearances

    On April 15, 2010 the Jabbawockeez returned to the ABDC stage for the
    Champions for Charity episode along with the other 4 champions Super
    Cr3w, Quest Crew, We Are Heroes, and newly titled Season 5 champions
    Poreotix. Each crew was to benefit a charity,the Jabbawockeez had been
    working with a cancer survivor who, after having his left leg amputated,
    went on to become a successful Paralympic skier and create a social
    networking site for amputees to ask questions, get answers and develop
    an active community. In their performance they introduced a new routine
    that no one had seen before and a new song that was put on their album
    Mus.I.C produced by The Bangerz, Robot Remains. That night the Robot
    Remains Mixtape was released for a free download at http://www.thebangerz.com.
    For the season finale of season 6 of ABDC the Jabbawockeez made an
    appearance along with the other champions as they brought in the season 6
    champions I.aM.mE.The crew performed into a mastermix entitled
    Devastating Stereo.

    Las Vegas show

    On May 7,2010, the Jabbawockeez debuted their own live stage special at the MGM Grand Hollywood Theater in Las Vegas, entitled MÜS.I.C. They are the first dance crew to headline a show in Las Vegas.[4] The show ran from May 7 to May 26 and included members from Super Cr3w, the winners of season two of America’s Best Dance Crew.
    Music for the show was produced by DJ collective, The Bangerz. Since
    its initial run at the MGM Grand, the show moved to the Monte Carlo
    Resort and Casino where it ran five nights a week and is now at Jupiters
    Casino on the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

    JBWKZ Records

    Since their MÜS.I.C show, the Jabbawockeez made an album
    consisting of all the songs that they used in the show. It was released
    March 1, 2011 on iTunes. Since this time, they have been working to
    establish JBWKZ Records by promoting fellow member Phil “Swagger Boy”
    Tayag, who was a part of the indie hip-hop group KNGDM with his brother
    P.C. and friend Kilo. KNGDM released “The Goodbye Mixtape” in 2010,
    which included a song by Phil titled, “Ima Get It”. Phil released an EP
    on February 12, 2012, titled “Privileged”, along with two videos on the
    Jabbawockeez YouTube channel for “Ima Get It” and “F N G”. “F N G”
    featured Phil’s brother and former KNGDM member P.C. The album is
    available on iTunes and was released on JBWKZ Records. The video for
    “Ima Get It” was directed by fellow Jabawockeez member Chris Gatdula.
    The song “F N G” was featured on the soundtrack of the 2012 movie
    “Project X”.

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    Who is Ashley Tyler Ciminella?

    Who is  Ashley Tyler Ciminella? The entertainment and acting world knows her as Ashley Judd, she  is an American actress, who is best known for playing a number of strong characters in films such as Ruby in Paradise, Kiss the Girls, Double Jeopardy, Where the Heart Is and High Crimes.

    Early life

    Ashley was born April 19, 1968 as Ashley Tyler Ciminella in Granada Hills, California. She is the daughter of Naomi Judd, a country music singer and motivational speaker, and Michael C. Ciminella, a marketing analyst for the horseracing industry.[1][2] Ashley’s elder half-sister, Wynonna, also is a country music singer. At the time of her birth her mother was unemployed and did not become well-known as a singer until the early 1980s. Judd’s parents divorced in 1972, and in 1973 her mother took her back to her native Kentucky, where Judd spent the majority of her childhood.[3] She also lived in Marin County, California, for two years during grade school.
    Judd attended thirteen schools before college, including the Sayre School[4] in Lexington, Kentucky, Paul G. Blazer High School in Ashland Kentucky and Franklin High School in Tennessee.[5] She briefly tried modeling in Japan during one school break. An alumna of the sorority Kappa Kappa Gamma at the University of Kentucky, she majored in French and minored in anthropology, art history, theater and women’s studies. She spent a semester studying in France as part of her major, a move that mirrored her role as Reed in the television series Sisters. She graduated from the UK Honors Program and was nominated to Phi Beta Kappa, but did not graduate with her class.[6] Forgoing her commitment to join the Peace Corps, after college she drove to Hollywood, where she studied with well-respected acting teacher, Robert Carnegie, at Playhouse West. During this time, she worked as a hostess at The Ivy restaurant and lived in a Malibu rental house, which later burned down during the great Malibu fires of fall 1993. On May 9, 2007, it was announced Judd had completed her bachelor’s degree in French from the University of Kentucky.[7] In a May 2007 appearance on The Ellen DeGeneres Show, Judd explained she had completed her degree requirements in 1990 with 27 more hours taken than the required 120 hours, but had mistakenly thought she was one class short. She only needed to “sign a piece of paper” in order to graduate. DeGeneres then surprised Judd by presenting her with her diploma, which Ellen had acquired from the university.


    Judd appeared as Ensign Robin Lefler, a Starfleet officer, in two 1991 episodes of Star Trek: The Next Generation, “Darmok” and “The Game“. From 1991 to 1994, she had a recurring role as Reed, the daughter of Alex (Swoosie Kurtz), on the NBC drama Sisters. She made her feature film debut with a small role in 1992’s Kuffs. In 1993 Judd fought for and was cast in her first starring role playing the title character in Victor Nuñez‘s Sundance Film Festival Grand Jury Prize Winning, Ruby in Paradise. She received rave reviews playing Ruby Lee Gissing, a young woman trying to make a new life for herself, and it was this performance that would launch her career as an actress. Oliver Stone, who had seen her in Nuñez’s film, cast Judd in Natural Born Killers, but her scenes were later cut from the version of the film released theatrically. The following year she gained further critical acclaim for her role as Harvey Keitel‘s estranged daughter in Wayne Wang‘s Smoke and also as Val Kilmer‘s wife in Michael Mann‘s Heat. That same year she also played the role of Callie in Philip Ridley‘s dark, adult fairy tale, The Passion of Darkly Noon.
    By the end of the 1990s, Judd had managed to achieve significant fame and success as a leading actress, after leading roles in several thrillers that performed well at the box office, including Kiss the Girls in 1997 and 1999’s Double Jeopardy. Several of her early 2000s films, including 2001’s Someone Like You and 2002’s High Crimes, received only mixed reviews and moderate box office success;[8] although, she did receive positive recognition, and a Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress, for her performance in the 2004 biography of Cole Porter, De-Lovely, opposite Kevin Kline.
    Judd is currently the magazine advertising “face” of American Beauty, an Estée Lauder cosmetic brand sold exclusively at Kohl’s department stores, and H. Stern jewelers. In June 2007, Goody’s Family Clothing announced they were going to be releasing three fashion clothing lines with Judd in the Fall to be called – “AJ”, “Love Ashley” and “Ashley Judd.” Regarding the clothing line, Judd said, “I’m thrilled to be involved in a clothing line that provides simple, lovely solutions for women’s wardrobes. I’ve always loved items that you can throw on easily and know that you’ll feel and look good. This line does just that, while keeping with the best of current styles and trends.”[9]

    Personal life

    Dario Franchitti

    In December 1999, Judd became engaged to Scottish auto racer Dario Franchitti, who was at the time driving in Champ Car World Series (he has since raced in IndyCars and NASCAR). The two were married at Skibo Castle, near Dornoch, Scotland, on December 12, 2001. She and her husband divide their time between a home in Scotland and their farm outside Franklin, Tennessee.
    Although Judd is best known for regularly attending University of Kentucky basketball games (frequently sitting in the student section), she has also attended several Kentucky football games. Last year, Judd was a guest columnist for a local Kentucky newspaper, writing about the NCAA championships. She is frequently sought out for celebrity camera shots during televised games. Judd posed for a poster wearing only a hockey jersey for fund raising purposes for the University of Kentucky‘s hockey team. She is also an avid practitioner of yoga, cooking and gardening.
    In February 2006, Judd entered a program at Shades of Hope Treatment Center in Buffalo Gap, Texas and stayed for 47 days.[10] She was there because of personal issues, including depression and codependency.[11]
    A disagreement between Judd and Indy race car driver Milka Duno took place during the 2007 Indy Racing League season. After the final race of the 2007 season, the actress stated to the assembled news media, “I know this is not very sportsmanlike, but they’ve got to get the 23 car (Duno) off the track. It’s very dangerous. I’m tired of holding my tongue. She shouldn’t be out there. When a car is 10 miles (an hour) off the pace, it’s not appropriate to be racing. People’s lives are at stake.”[12]
    Judd was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Union College in Barbourville, Kentucky on May 9, 2009. In July 2009, Judd enrolled at Harvard‘s John F. Kennedy School of Government in the Mid-Career Master in Public Administration (MC/MPA) program. On May 27, 2010, Judd received her degree.

    Philanthropic contributions

    Ashley Judd’s philanthropic contributions have centered around becoming a global ambassador for YouthAIDS, a prevention program under the Population Services International. She has been a member of their Board of Directors since 2004, also. Judd has travelled with YouthAIDS to places affected by illness and poverty such as Cambodia, Kenya, Rwanda, and many others.[13]
    Inspired by her travels, which allowed her to witness the life of the poor and uneducated, she has since become an advocate for preventing poverty and promoting awareness internationally. She has donated her time and met with political and religious leaders, heads of states, diplomats, and leaders on behalf of the deprived to convey the message to those who have the power to bring about political and social change.[13]
    Judd has also donated her time and resources towards filming three award-winning documentaries for YouthAIDS which aired internationally on the Discovery Channel, in National Geographic, and on VH1. She personally advocates for a balanced and integrated approach to empower human rights and global health, and to prevent social atrocities.[13]
    Other organizations Judd have been involved with include the Women for Women International, and Equality Now, along with other non-governmental organizations which center around bringing attention to social, educational, health, economic, cultural, and financial funding of the unfortunate.[13]
    Ashley Judd has supported the following Charities & Foundations:[14]

    Political activities

    In 2008, Judd supported Barack Obama’s presidential campaign. In 2009, she appeared in a one-minute video advertisement for the Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund, in which Judd condemned Alaska governor Sarah Palin for supporting aerial wolf hunting.[15] In response, Palin stated the reason these wolves are killed is to protect the caribou population in Alaska, and she called the Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund an “extreme fringe group”.[16] In 2010, Judd signed the Animal Legal Defense Fund’s petition to urge